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Li Yanling - - 2006
An in vitro study was conducted to determine the effect of different types of fibre supplemented with sunflower oil on ruminal fermentation and formation of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) by mixed ruminal microorganisms. Cell wall components extracted from wheat straw (representing lignified fibre), soybean hulls (representing easily digestible fibre), and ...
Devillard Estelle - - 2006
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) have been shown to improve human health. They are derived from the microbial conversion of dietary linoleic acid (cis-9,cis-12-18 : 2 (LA)) in the rumen. An investigation was undertaken to determine the role of ruminal ciliate protozoa v. bacteria in the formation of CLA and its ...
Kelsey J A - - 2006
Staphylococcus aureus causes a variety of human infections including toxic shock syndrome, osteomyelitis, and mastitis. Mastitis is a common disease in the dairy cow, and S. aureus has been found to be a major infectious organism causing mastitis. The objectives of this research were to determine which FA and esterified ...
Yu Zheyong - - 2006
Genetic and biochemical evidence suggests a functional link between human 12R-lipoxygenase (12R-LOX) and epidermal lipoxygenase-3 (eLOX3) in normal differentiation of the epidermis; LOX-derived fatty acid hydroperoxide is isomerized by the atypical eLOX3 into a specific epoxyalcohol that is a potential mediator in the pathway. Mouse epidermis expresses a different complement ...
Grechkin Alexander N - - 2006
The conversion of linoleic acid 9-hydroperoxide (9-HPOD) by recombinant melon (Cucumis melo L.) hydroperoxide lyase (HPL, CYP74C subfamily) was studied. Short (5 s-1 min) incubations at 0 degrees C followed by rapid extraction and trimethylsilylation made it possible to trap a new unstable (t(1/2) <30 s) product, i.e. the hemiacetal ...
Ringseis Robert - - 2006
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) are biologically active lipid compounds exerting anti-atherogenic actions in vivo without exact knowledge about the underlying mechanisms. Recently, CLAs were shown to lower the release of vasoactive prostanoids from vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) which play a central role in atherosclerosis. Since SMCs from different vascular ...
Suksombat W - - 2006
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid with conjugated double bonds. Conjugated linoleic acids have been reported to have a wide range of health-beneficial effects, including anticarcinogenic, antiatherogenic, antidiabetic, and immune stimulatory effects. The objective of this study was to investigate the ...
Kongrit Darika - - 2006
Potato (Solanum tuberosum) plants are rich in 9-lipoxygenase, which converts linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid to 9S-hydroperoxy-10E,12Z-octadecadienoic acid (9-HPOD) and 9S-hydroperoxy-10E,12Z,15Z-octadecatrienoic acid (9-HPOT) respectively. The allene oxide synthase (AOS) involved in 9-HPOD/9-HPOT metabolism in potato, however, has not been characterized in detail. We cloned a cDNA encoding a novel AOS ...
Kim Younyoung - - 2006
A partial genome scan using microsatellite markers was conducted to detect quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for 10 fatty acid contents of backfat on 15 chromosomes in a porcine resource population. Two QTLs were discovered on Sus scrofa chromosome 4 (SSC4) and SSC7. The QTL on SSC4 was located between marker ...
Pittman David W - - 2006
The free fatty acids (FFAs), linoleic and oleic acids, commonly found in dietary fats can be detected by rats on the basis of gustatory cues following conditioned taste aversion pairings. FFAs depolarize the membrane potential of isolated rat taste receptor cells by inhibiting delayed rectifying potassium channels. This study examined ...
Stumpe Michael - - 2006
Allene oxide synthase (AOS) enzymes are members of the cytochrome P450 enzyme family, sub-family CYP74. Here we describe the isolation of three cDNAs encoding AOS from potato (StAOS1-3). Based on sequence comparisons, they represent members of either the CYP74A (StAOS1 and 2) or the CYP74C (StAOS3) sub-families. StAOS3 is distinguished ...
Irmak Sibel - - 2006
CLA refers to a group of geometrical and positional isomers of linoleic acid (LA) with conjugated double bonds. CLA has been reported to have diverse health benefits and biological properties. Traditional organic synthesis is highly capital-intensive and results in an isomeric mixture of CLA isomers. Biotechnology presents new alternatives to ...
Bölükba┼či S C - - 2006
1. A trial was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) concentration on performance parameters, carcase composition, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and fatty acid composition in leg and breast muscle and serum lipoprotein concentrations. 2. A total of 128 male chickens were allocated to 4 ...
Badinga Lokenga - - 2006
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) refers to a mixture of positional and geometric dienoic isomers of linoleic acid found naturally in animal products of ruminant sources. Recent interest in CLA research stems from the well-documented anticarcinogenic, antiatherogenic, antidiabetic, and antiobesity properties of CLA in rodents. However, there has been very little ...
Tsuzuki Tsuyoshi - - 2006
We showed previously that alpha-eleostearic acid (alpha-ESA; 9Z11E13E-18:3) is converted to 9Z11E-conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in rats through a Delta13-saturation reaction. To investigate this further, we examined the absorption and metabolism of alpha-ESA in rat intestine using a lipid absorption assay in lymph from the thoracic duct. In this study, ...
Jaakola Sanna - - 2006
Saccharomyces cerevisiae was cultivated in the presence of cis-9,trans-11 or trans-10,cis-12 isomers of free conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), and the effects of the isomers on the regioisomerisms of triacylglycerol (TAG) of the yeast were elucidated. Both isomers constituted about 34% of all fatty acids and increased drastically the number of ...
Laine Gaëlle - - 2006
Off-flavors frequently appear during the storage of potato flakes. Volatile profile analysis performed by solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry revealed that hexanal is the main compound that appears during the storage period. Hexanal may be a degradation product of linoleic acid formed through linoleic acid hydroperoxide cleavage. Profiles of hexanal precursors ...
Thimmarayappa Jamuna J University of Michigan Medical School, 1205 Medical Professional Building, Box 0718, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-0718, - - 2006
The expression and function of the GH receptor is critical for the actions of pituitary GH in the intact animal. The role of systemic factors in the reduced expression of the GH receptor and consequent GH insensitivity in pathological states such as sepsis, malnutrition, and poorly controlled diabetes mellitus is ...
Hatanaka Elaine - - 2006
The effects of oleic, linoleic, and gamma-linolenic acids on the production of ROS by unstimulated and PMA-stimulated neutrophils were investigated by using five techniques: luminol- and lucigenin-amplified chemiluminescence, cytochrome c, hydroethidine, and phenol red reduction. Using lucigenin-amplified chemiluminescence, an increase in extracellular superoxide levels was observed by the treatment of ...
Fofana Bourlaye - - 2006
Flax's recent popularity in human and animal foods is mostly due to its desirable FA composition. Flax is an excellent source of omega-3 FA, which have been shown to have many health benefits. To date, little is known about the genetic and environmental factors that control the FA composition of ...
Lorenzi V - - 2006
Lipoxygenase from olive fruit was purified to homogeneity for the first time after differential centrifugations and by hydrophobic chromatography. The enzyme had a molecular mass of 98 kDa and exhibited a maximal activity at pH 6. Lipoxygenase had a better affinity for linoleic acid (Km=82.44 microM) than for linolenic acid ...
Ferramosca Alessandra - - 2006
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is able to reduce adiposity by affecting lipid metabolism. In particular, CLA administration to mice reduces body fat mass with a concomitant lipid accumulation in the liver. We investigated the effects of CLA on the activity of the mitochondrial citrate carrier (CIC), which is implicated in ...
Leaver Michael J - - 2006
Dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) affects fat deposition and lipid metabolism in mammals, including livestock. To determine CLA effects in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), a major farmed fish species, fish were fed for 12 weeks on diets containing fish oil or fish oil with 2% and 4% CLA supplementation. Fatty ...
Li Guangming - - 2006
Conjugated linoleic acids have been shown to reduce eicosanoid release from select tissues and/or cells. To elucidate effects of conjugated linoleic acid isomers on cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) activity and their application as platelet aggregation inhibitors, conjugated linoleic acid isomers and conjugated nonadecadienoic acid were incubated with ovine COX-1 and Raw264.7 macrophage ...
Taha Ameer Y - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Polyunsaturated fatty acids have been reported to increase seizure threshold and to reduce seizure duration and severity in rats. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to test the anticonvulsant effects of an essential fatty acid mixture containing linoleic and alpha-linolenic acids at a 4:1 ratio (SR-3 compound), ...
Ewaschuk Julia B - - 2006
Probiotics have been shown to reduce the incidence of colon cancer in animal models. The mechanisms responsible for this activity are poorly defined. Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are a group of isomers of linoleic acid (LA) possessing anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic properties, which can be produced from LA by certain bacterial ...
Kainou Kumiko - - 2006
Two clones with homology to known fatty acid desaturase genes were isolated from the yeast Kluyveromyces lactis. The first gene, which we designate KlFAD2, consists of 411 amino acids with an overall identity of 73.0% to FAD2 from Saccharomyces kluyveri. It exhibited Delta12 fatty acid desaturase activity when expressed in ...
Lee Hui-Young - - 2006
Many previous studies have reported that conjugated linoleic acid could be produced by starter culture bacteria, but the effects of the bacteria were not investigated. Moreover, there was no evidence of the conjugated linoleic acid-producing bacteria having potential health or nutritional effects related to conjugated linoleic acid, including reducing body ...
Müller André - - 2006
Atmospheric pressure photoionisation (APPI) was used in combination with silver-ion (Ag(+))-HPLC for detection of (conjugated) fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) by tandem-mass spectrometry. APPI-MS of methyl esters of conjugated linoleic acid showed an increase in signal-to-noise ratio by a factor of 40 compared to atmospheric pressure chemical ionization in the ...
Batthyany Carlos C Department of Pharmacology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, - - 2006
Nitric oxide ((*)NO)-derived reactive species nitrate unsaturated fatty acids, yielding nitroalkene derivatives, including the clinically abundant nitrated oleic and linoleic acids. The olefinic nitro group renders these derivatives electrophilic at the carbon beta to the nitro group, thus competent for Michael addition reactions with cysteine and histidine. By using chromatographic ...
Bhattacharya Arunabh - - 2006
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of octadecadienoic acid [linoleic acid (LA), 18:2n-6] commonly found in beef, lamb and dairy products. The most abundant isomer of CLA in nature is the cis-9, trans-11 (c9t11) isomer. Commercially available CLA is usually a 1:1 mixture of ...
Oliw Ernst H - - 2006
Hydroperoxides of polyunsaturated fatty acids can be transformed to epoxyalcohols and keto fatty acids by metal enzymes, hematin, and various catalysts. In the current study, we used hematin to transform 9-hydroperoxy-10E,12Z-octadecadienoic acid and 13-hydroperoxy-9Z,11E-octadecadienoic acid to epoxyalcohols (with trans epoxide configuration) and to keto fatty acids. The products were separated ...
Mosley Erin E - - 2006
The additional mass associated with 13C in metabolic tracers may interfere with their metabolism. The comparative isomerization and biohydrogenation of oleic, [1-(13)C]oleic, and [U-13C]oleic acids by mixed ruminal microbes was used to evaluate this effect. The percent of stearic, cis-14 and -15, and trans-9 to -16 18:1 originating from oleic ...
Fukuda S - - 2006
AIM: Isolation of a new strain of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens possessing great capacity to produce conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in order to utilize as a probiotic for animals. METHODS AND RESULTS: A novel strain (MDT-5) was isolated from the goat rumen, which exclusively converted linoleic acid (LA) to CLA, because of ...
Muma E - - 2006
The main objective of the present study was to determine the minimum level of dietary plant oil supplementation that results in full recovery from loss of hatchability induced by conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). Another objective was to define the changes in egg yolk fatty acid composition associated with the loss ...
Tricon Sabine - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Interest in the development of dairy products naturally enriched in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) exists. However, feeding regimens that enhance the CLA content of milk also increase concentrations of trans-18:1 fatty acids. The implications for human health are not yet known. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of consuming ...
Seeley Stacy K - - 2006
The oxidation of linoleic acid produces several products with biological activity including the hydroperoxy fatty acid 13-hydroperoxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-HPODE), the hydroxy fatty acid 13-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-HODE), and the 2,4-dienone 13-oxooctadecadienoic acid (13-OXO). In the present work, the peroxidase activity of glutathione transferases (GST) A1-1, M1-1, M2-2, and P1-1(Val 105) toward ...
Tricon Sabine - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review critically evaluates studies investigating the effects of conjugated linoleic acid on human health, including effects on body composition, blood lipids, liver metabolism, insulin sensitivity and immune function. It focuses mainly on human intervention studies, but includes some reference to animal and cellular studies which provide ...
Hurley Matthew S - - 2006
Previous studies have shown stimulatory effects of linoleic acid (LA, C18:2) on differentiation of rat muscle cells in culture (Allen et al. 1985), but there appears to be little investigation of the effects of other fatty acids. The present study therefore compared the effects of different fatty acids on muscle ...
Amaral Joana S - - 2006
The effect of roasting on some nutritional characteristics of hazelnut lipidic fraction was investigated. Hazelnuts (Corylus avellana L.) were submitted to several different thermal treatments, comprising different temperatures (125-200 degrees C) and times of exposure (5, 15, and 30 min) and analyzed for their moisture and crude fat. Raw and ...
Noli C - - 2007
Although conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) shows inhibitory effects on histamine release, eicosanoid production and pruritus in laboratory rodents, its use in canine atopic dermatitis (AD) has not been reported. The aims of this study were to assess the efficacy of CLA, black currant seed oil (BSO) or a combination of ...
Liavonchanka Alena - - 2006
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) affect body fat gain, carcinogenesis, insulin resistance, and lipid peroxidation in mammals. Several isomers of CLA exist, of which the (9Z, 11E) and (10E, 12Z) isomers have beneficial effects on human metabolism but are scarce in foods. Bacterial polyunsaturated fatty acid isomerases are promising biotechnological catalysts ...
Kitaguchi Hironori - - 2006
Rate constants of photoinduced electron-transfer oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids with a series of singlet excited states of oxidants in acetonitrile at 298 K were examined and the resulting electron-transfer rate constants (k(et)) were evaluated in light of the free energy relationship of electron transfer to determine the one-electron oxidation ...
Vahvaselkä Marjatta - - 2006
A microbially safe process for the enrichment of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in oats was developed. The process consists of hydrolysis of oat lipids by non-inactivated oat flour, followed by propionibacterium-catalyzed isomerization of the resulting free linoleic acid to CLA. The first stage was performed at water activity (a(w)) 0.7, ...
Garbe Leif-Alexander - - 2006
The lipoxygenase isoenzymes LOX1 and LOX2 from green malt were separated by isoelectric focusing, and their catalytic properties regarding complex lipids as substrates were characterized. The regio- and stereoisomers of hydroperoxy octadecadienoates (HPODE) resulting from LOX1 and LOX2 enzymatic transformations of linoleic acid, methyl linoleate, linoleic acid glycerol esters monolinolein, ...
Müller André - - 2006
In this study, 13 different eluent systems containing n-hexane, n-heptane and iso-octane as main solvents and ACN, propionitrile (PCN) and butyronitrile (BCN) in concentrations between 0.1 and 0.2% as modifiers were tested for their influence on retention time shifts (RTS) and resolution of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) methyl esters using ...
Fang Xu - - 2006
The oxidation processes of linoleic acid in the presence of ferulic acid, and 1-pentyl, 1-hexyl and 1-heptyl ferulates were observed at various temperatures and different molar ratios of each additive to linoleic acid. The processes were analyzed based on a kinetic equation of the autocatalytic type to evaluate the oxidative ...
Wang Yu-Ming - - 2006
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid, has attracted considerable attention because of its potentially beneficial biologic effects both in vitro and in vivo. Our results clearly show the specific action of the 10trans,12cis-CLA isomer against hyperlipidemia and obesity in obese Otsuka Long-Evans ...
Kohno-Murase Junko - - 2006
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has anti-carcinogenic and anti-atherosclerosis activity, and modulatory effects on the immune system and lipid metabolism. To produce a transgenic rice plant that can accumulate CLA, a linoleate isomerase gene that can convert linoleic acid to trans-10, cis-12 CLA was introduced and expressed under the control of ...
McCormack Danielle N - - 2006
A gustatory transduction mechanism for free fatty acids (FFAs) has been described in isolated rat taste receptor cells; however, the ability of behaving rats to detect FFAs has not been characterized. Through conditioned taste aversion (CTA) methodology, this study defines the ability of rats to detect and avoid the two ...
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