Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1512
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Batthyany Carlos C Department of Pharmacology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, - - 2006
Nitric oxide ((*)NO)-derived reactive species nitrate unsaturated fatty acids, yielding nitroalkene derivatives, including the clinically abundant nitrated oleic and linoleic acids. The olefinic nitro group renders these derivatives electrophilic at the carbon beta to the nitro group, thus competent for Michael addition reactions with cysteine and histidine. By using chromatographic ...
Bhattacharya Arunabh - - 2006
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of octadecadienoic acid [linoleic acid (LA), 18:2n-6] commonly found in beef, lamb and dairy products. The most abundant isomer of CLA in nature is the cis-9, trans-11 (c9t11) isomer. Commercially available CLA is usually a 1:1 mixture of ...
Oliw Ernst H - - 2006
Hydroperoxides of polyunsaturated fatty acids can be transformed to epoxyalcohols and keto fatty acids by metal enzymes, hematin, and various catalysts. In the current study, we used hematin to transform 9-hydroperoxy-10E,12Z-octadecadienoic acid and 13-hydroperoxy-9Z,11E-octadecadienoic acid to epoxyalcohols (with trans epoxide configuration) and to keto fatty acids. The products were separated ...
Mosley Erin E - - 2006
The additional mass associated with 13C in metabolic tracers may interfere with their metabolism. The comparative isomerization and biohydrogenation of oleic, [1-(13)C]oleic, and [U-13C]oleic acids by mixed ruminal microbes was used to evaluate this effect. The percent of stearic, cis-14 and -15, and trans-9 to -16 18:1 originating from oleic ...
Fukuda S - - 2006
AIM: Isolation of a new strain of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens possessing great capacity to produce conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in order to utilize as a probiotic for animals. METHODS AND RESULTS: A novel strain (MDT-5) was isolated from the goat rumen, which exclusively converted linoleic acid (LA) to CLA, because of ...
Muma E - - 2006
The main objective of the present study was to determine the minimum level of dietary plant oil supplementation that results in full recovery from loss of hatchability induced by conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). Another objective was to define the changes in egg yolk fatty acid composition associated with the loss ...
Tricon Sabine - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Interest in the development of dairy products naturally enriched in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) exists. However, feeding regimens that enhance the CLA content of milk also increase concentrations of trans-18:1 fatty acids. The implications for human health are not yet known. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of consuming ...
Seeley Stacy K - - 2006
The oxidation of linoleic acid produces several products with biological activity including the hydroperoxy fatty acid 13-hydroperoxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-HPODE), the hydroxy fatty acid 13-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-HODE), and the 2,4-dienone 13-oxooctadecadienoic acid (13-OXO). In the present work, the peroxidase activity of glutathione transferases (GST) A1-1, M1-1, M2-2, and P1-1(Val 105) toward ...
Tricon Sabine - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review critically evaluates studies investigating the effects of conjugated linoleic acid on human health, including effects on body composition, blood lipids, liver metabolism, insulin sensitivity and immune function. It focuses mainly on human intervention studies, but includes some reference to animal and cellular studies which provide ...
Hurley Matthew S - - 2006
Previous studies have shown stimulatory effects of linoleic acid (LA, C18:2) on differentiation of rat muscle cells in culture (Allen et al. 1985), but there appears to be little investigation of the effects of other fatty acids. The present study therefore compared the effects of different fatty acids on muscle ...
Amaral Joana S - - 2006
The effect of roasting on some nutritional characteristics of hazelnut lipidic fraction was investigated. Hazelnuts (Corylus avellana L.) were submitted to several different thermal treatments, comprising different temperatures (125-200 degrees C) and times of exposure (5, 15, and 30 min) and analyzed for their moisture and crude fat. Raw and ...
Noli C - - 2007
Although conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) shows inhibitory effects on histamine release, eicosanoid production and pruritus in laboratory rodents, its use in canine atopic dermatitis (AD) has not been reported. The aims of this study were to assess the efficacy of CLA, black currant seed oil (BSO) or a combination of ...
Liavonchanka Alena - - 2006
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) affect body fat gain, carcinogenesis, insulin resistance, and lipid peroxidation in mammals. Several isomers of CLA exist, of which the (9Z, 11E) and (10E, 12Z) isomers have beneficial effects on human metabolism but are scarce in foods. Bacterial polyunsaturated fatty acid isomerases are promising biotechnological catalysts ...
Kitaguchi Hironori - - 2006
Rate constants of photoinduced electron-transfer oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids with a series of singlet excited states of oxidants in acetonitrile at 298 K were examined and the resulting electron-transfer rate constants (k(et)) were evaluated in light of the free energy relationship of electron transfer to determine the one-electron oxidation ...
Vahvaselkä Marjatta - - 2006
A microbially safe process for the enrichment of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in oats was developed. The process consists of hydrolysis of oat lipids by non-inactivated oat flour, followed by propionibacterium-catalyzed isomerization of the resulting free linoleic acid to CLA. The first stage was performed at water activity (a(w)) 0.7, ...
Garbe Leif-Alexander - - 2006
The lipoxygenase isoenzymes LOX1 and LOX2 from green malt were separated by isoelectric focusing, and their catalytic properties regarding complex lipids as substrates were characterized. The regio- and stereoisomers of hydroperoxy octadecadienoates (HPODE) resulting from LOX1 and LOX2 enzymatic transformations of linoleic acid, methyl linoleate, linoleic acid glycerol esters monolinolein, ...
Müller André - - 2006
In this study, 13 different eluent systems containing n-hexane, n-heptane and iso-octane as main solvents and ACN, propionitrile (PCN) and butyronitrile (BCN) in concentrations between 0.1 and 0.2% as modifiers were tested for their influence on retention time shifts (RTS) and resolution of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) methyl esters using ...
Fang Xu - - 2006
The oxidation processes of linoleic acid in the presence of ferulic acid, and 1-pentyl, 1-hexyl and 1-heptyl ferulates were observed at various temperatures and different molar ratios of each additive to linoleic acid. The processes were analyzed based on a kinetic equation of the autocatalytic type to evaluate the oxidative ...
Wang Yu-Ming - - 2006
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid, has attracted considerable attention because of its potentially beneficial biologic effects both in vitro and in vivo. Our results clearly show the specific action of the 10trans,12cis-CLA isomer against hyperlipidemia and obesity in obese Otsuka Long-Evans ...
Kohno-Murase Junko - - 2006
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has anti-carcinogenic and anti-atherosclerosis activity, and modulatory effects on the immune system and lipid metabolism. To produce a transgenic rice plant that can accumulate CLA, a linoleate isomerase gene that can convert linoleic acid to trans-10, cis-12 CLA was introduced and expressed under the control of ...
McCormack Danielle N - - 2006
A gustatory transduction mechanism for free fatty acids (FFAs) has been described in isolated rat taste receptor cells; however, the ability of behaving rats to detect FFAs has not been characterized. Through conditioned taste aversion (CTA) methodology, this study defines the ability of rats to detect and avoid the two ...
Liavonchanka Alena - - 2006
The polyenoic fatty-acid isomerase from Propionibacterium acnes (PAI) catalyzes the double-bond isomerization of linoleic acid to conjugated linoleic acid, which is a dairy- or meat-derived fatty acid in the human diet. PAI was overproduced in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity as a yellow-coloured protein. The nature of the bound ...
Jung M Y - - 2006
Extraction properties of different solvents (chloroform/methanol, hexane/isopropanol, and hexane) were studied for the gas chromatographic analysis of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) from probiotic bacteria grown in de Man, Rogosa, and Sharpe medium. As compared with chloroform/methanol and hexane/isopropanol, hexane showed comparable extraction efficiency for CLA from unspent de Man, Rogosa, ...
Wei D Sh - - 2006
The methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris GS115, a widely used strain in production of various heterologous proteins, especially membrane-bound enzymes, can also produce linoleic and linolenic acids, which indicates the existence of membrane-bound Delta12 and Delta15-fatty acid desaturases. This paper describes the cloning and functional characterization of a novel Delta12-fatty acid ...
Plourde Mélanie - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a group of polyunsaturated fatty acids which have been extensively studied in the past two decades. However, conjugated octadecatrienoic acid such as cis-9,trans-11,cis-15 and cis-9,trans-13,cis-15, recently identified, have not been extensively investigated. This work presents bioavailability and tissue incorporation of a mixture of conjugated ...
Coakley Mairéad - - 2006
Bifidobacterium breve species of human intestinal origin have the ability to synthesize cis-9, trans-11 (c9, t11) conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) from free linoleic acid. In this study, the ability of Bifidobacterium species to isomerize C(18) polyunsaturated fatty acids was investigated, and the antiproliferative activities of the two main microbially produced ...
Koppová I - - 2006
Microorganisms with high activity of linoleic acid delta12-cis,delta11-trans-isomerase were isolated from the digestive tract of ruminants and characterized. The isolate with the highest isomerase activity was identified as Pseudobutyrivibrio ruminis. The susceptibility of this strain to 3 fatty acids added to the grow medium was determined. A significant inhibition of ...
Thijssen Myriam A M A - - 2005
Because human studies concerning the effects of stearic acid on thrombotic tendency are inconsistent, we compared the effects of stearic acid with those of its unsaturated derivatives, oleic acid and linoleic acid. In this randomized, crossover study, 45 subjects (27 women and 18 men) consumed, in random order, 3 experimental ...
Shang X G - - 2005
A total of 216 Brown Dwarf laying hens (1.62 +/- 0.06 kg BW and 60 wk old) were fed 1 of 3 corn-soybean meal-based diets containing 0, 2.5, or 5.0% conjugated linoleic aicd (CLA) to explore its effects on the fatty acid composition of egg yolk, plasma, and liver as ...
Yanagita Teruyoshi - - 2005
We investigated the effect of dietary combination of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) to attenuate CLA-induced fatty liver in C57BL/6N mice. Mice were fed semisynthetic diets that contained either 6% high linoleic safflower oil (HL-SAF), 4% HL-SAF + 2% CLA, or 3.5% HL-SAF + 2% CLA + ...
Haggarty P P Embryonic Programming Group, Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, UK. - - 2006
Little is known of fatty acid metabolism in human embryos. This information would be useful in developing metabolic tests of embryo quality and improving embryo culture media. The fatty acid composition of human embryos and their ability to accumulate 13C labelled fatty acids was assessed in relation to the stage ...
Hornung Ellen - - 2005
The polyenoic fatty acid isomerase from Propioniumbacterium acnes (PAI) was expressed in E. coli and biochemically characterized. PAI catalyzes the isomerization of a methylene-interrupted double bond system to a conjugated double bond system, creating (10E,12Z)-conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). PAI accepted a wide range of free polyunsaturated fatty acids as substrates ...
Song Qingxun - - 2006
A novel L-ascorbyl fatty acid ester, L-ascorbyl linoleate was successfully prepared by enzymatic esterification and transesterification in a non-aqueous medium using immobilized lipase as biocatalyst. Changes in enzymatic activity and product yield were studied for the following variable: the nature of the fatty acid, the fatty acid concentration and water ...
Wadman Mayken W - - 2005
Oxylipins are associated with important processes of the fungal life cycle, such as spore formation. Here, we report the formation of FA metabolites in Agaricus bisporus. Incubation of a crude extract of lamellae with linoleic acid (18:2) led to the extensive formation of two oxylipins. They were identified as 8(R)-hydroxy-9Z,12Z-octadecadienoic ...
Fernandez-Lopez Raul - - 2005
This report describes a high-throughput assay to identify substances that reduce the frequency of conjugation in Gram-negative bacteria. Bacterial conjugation is largely responsible for the spread of multiple antibiotic resistances in human pathogens. Conjugation inhibitors may provide a means to control the spread of antibiotic resistance. An automated conjugation assay ...
P?rez-Gilabert Manuela - - 2005
The advantages of the presence of cyclodextrins in a reaction catalyzed by immobilized lipoxygenase at neutral pH are reported for the first time. The steady-state rate in the presence of beta-cyclodextrins was seven times higher than in control experiments using the same concentration of linoleic acid; furthermore the percentage of ...
Luna Pilar - - 2005
Ewe milk fat from five different herds was studied to determine the content of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers. Research was carried out by combining gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) and 4,4-dimethyloxazolyne derivatives (DMOX) with silver ion-high performance liquid chromatography (Ag+-HPLC). Reconstructed mass spectral profiles ...
Schneider Claus - - 2005
The cytotoxic aldehydes 4-hydroxynonenal, 4-hydroperoxynonenal (4-HPNE), and 4-oxononenal are formed during lipid peroxidation via oxidative transformation of the hydroxy or hydroperoxy precursor fatty acids, respectively. The mechanism of the carbon chain cleavage reaction leading to the aldehyde fragments is not known, but Hock-cleavage of a suitable dihydroperoxide derivative was implicated ...
M?ller Andr? - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) have attracted scientific interest due to their potential beneficial effects on atherosclerosis. Recent studies demonstrated that conjugated metabolites of CLA are found in tissues of CLA-fed animals and cultured cells treated with CLA. This observation has gained in importance since it has recently been shown that ...
Ogawa Jun - - 2005
Conjugated fatty acids have attracted much attention as a novel type of biologically beneficial functional lipid. Some isomers of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) reduce carcinogenesis, atherosclerosis, and body fat. Considering the use of CLA for medicinal and nutraceutical purposes, a safe isomer-selective process is required. The introduction of biological reactions ...
Tsitsigiannis Dimitrios I - - 2005
Oxylipins recently have been implicated as signaling molecules for cross-kingdom communication in plant-pathogen interactions. Linoleic acid and its two plant lipoxygenase (LOX) oxylipin products 9- and 13-hydroperoxy fatty acids (9S- and 13S-HPODE) have been shown to have a significant effect on differentiation processes in the mycotoxigenic seed pathogens Aspergillus spp. ...
Nishimura Kazuhiko - - 2005
A simple and highly sensitive method for determining the fatty acid composition of food lipids containing conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is described. The method is based on the separation of the 9-anthrylmethyl ester derivatives of saturated and unsaturated (conjugated and non-conjugated) fatty acids by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence ...
Kim Jung-Hyun - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) consists of a group of linoleic acid geometric isomers that have been shown to reduce tumor growth and metastasis in animal models of breast, prostate and colon cancer. To delineate a possible mechanism of action for CLA, we have recently shown that the 5-lipoxygenase product, 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic ...
Cho Hyejung - - 2005
The objective of this study was to determine whether two of the major conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers, cis-9,trans-11 (c9,t11) and trans-10,cis-12 (t10,c12), are possible substrates for pulmonary 15-lipoxygenase-1 (15-LOX-1) and, therefore, they are also involved in the production of 13(S)-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid [13(S)-HODE] in biological systems. 13(S)-HODE, a major bioactive ...
Zulet M A - - 2005
Data from a number of studies and trials have shown that different conjugated linoleic acids (CLA's) may produce beneficial effects on cancer, atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes and changes in body composition. Despite the increasing knowledge about CLA's implications on health, the mechanism of action of these fatty acids is not completely ...
Brandebourg T D - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acids are a group of geometric and positional isomers of linoleic acid that decrease body fat in growing animals by a poorly understood mechanism. The objective of this study was to investigate the isomer-specific effect of CLA on the proliferation and differentiation of pig preadipocytes in primary culture. ...
Vaughan John E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia is associated with oxidative stress, neutrophil activation, neutrophil infiltration into systemic vasculature, and elevated plasma levels of linoleic acid, the fatty acid precursor to arachidonic acid and its metabolite, thromboxane. In this study we evaluated whether linoleic acid under conditions of oxidative stress would stimulate neutrophil production of ...
Vrinten Patricia - - 2005
Industrial oil flax (Linum usitatissimum) and edible oil or solin flax differ markedly in seed linolenic acid levels. Despite the economic importance of low-linolenic-acid or solin flax, the molecular mechanism underlying this trait has not been established. Two independently inherited genes control the low-linolenic-acid trait in flax. Here, we identified ...
Yamasaki Masao - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a powerful anti-carcinogenic fatty acid. Previously, we showed that 10trans 12cis (10t, 12c) CLA induced apoptotic cell death in rat hepatoma. Here, we demonstrated significant cytotoxic effects of 1 muM 10t, 12c-CLA, but not 9c, 11t-CLA, on dRLh-84 rat hepatoma cells. 9t, 11t and 9c, ...
Nagao Koji - - 2005
Conjugated fatty acids (CFAs) are a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of polyunsaturated fatty acids with conjugated double bonds. Reports indicate that CFAs have potent beneficial effects, including antitumor, antiobese, antiatherogenic and antidiabetic activities. The molecules have also been shown to prevent the onset of hypertension. Recent reports suggest ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >