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Cottet Vanessa - - 2013
Background: Although dietary fatty acids may influence colorectal carcinogenesis, few studies have examined the association with adenoma risk. We assessed the association between biomarkers of dietary fatty acids or metabolism of fatty acids, and the risk of colorectal adenomas in a nested case-control study from the French E3N-EPIC cohort. Methods: ...
Ohigashi Seiji - - 2013
BACKGROUND: New molecular biology-based methods of bacterial identification are expected to help elucidate the relationship between colorectal cancer (CRC) and intestinal microbiota. Although there is increasing evidence revealing the potential role of microbiota in CRC, it remains unclear whether microbial dysbiosis is the cause or the result of CRC onset. ...
Schroeder Megan E - - 2012
Calf diarrhea (scours) is a primary cause of illness and death in young calves. Significant economic losses associated with this disease include morbidity, mortality, and direct cost of treatment. Multiple pathogens are responsible for infectious diarrhea, including, but not limited to, Bovine coronavirus (BCV), bovine Rotavirus A (BRV), and Cryptosporidium ...
Artegoitia V - - 2012
The objective was to evaluate the effect of body condition score (BCS) at 30 days before calving (-30 days) induced by a differential nutritional management, parity and week of lactation (WOL) on milk yield and composition, and milk casein and fatty acid composition. Primiparous and multiparous Holstein cows with high BCS (PH, ...
Larsen M K - - 2012
Milk fatty acid composition is influenced by a range of conditions such as breed, feeding, and stage of lactation. Knowledge of milk fatty acid composition of individual cows would make it possible to sort milk at farm level according to certain fatty acid specifications. In the present study, 225 milk ...
Hostens M - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the fatty acid (FA) profile and assess desaturase indices of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) in the blood, as well as in the abdominal (ABD) and subcutaneous (SUBC) fat stores, in dairy cows with left displacement of the abomasum (LDA). Blood, ABD, and ...
Aldai Noelia - - 2012
This study was designed to compare the quality of veal produced from 'Tudanca×Charolais' cross (n=6) and Limousin (n=6) breeds when allowed to feed freely on mountain pastures and suckle naturally from birth to 7months of age. After 80days of age calves also had access to concentrate (maximum of 3kg/day), while ...
Dashper S G - - 2012
Soy beverages are water extracts of whole soybeans and are often promoted as a healthy alternative to bovine milk. Little analysis has been carried out to determine the effects of soy beverages on oral health, especially their potential acidogenicity. The aim of this study was to determine the potential acidogenicity ...
Ramalho Heryka Mm - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Minhota and Holstein Friesian cows (15 from each breed) were selected from several farms located in the north of Portugal, all under similar feeding regime. Milk samples from individual cows were collected once a month, during one year, to take into account different lactation stages and feeding seasonal changes. ...
Sejersen H - - 2012
Fatty liver is a frequent subclinical health disorder in dairy cows that may lead to disorders related to the liver function. However, the effect of triglyceride (TG) accumulation on liver metabolic pathways is still unclear. The objective was, therefore, to characterize quantitative differences in the liver proteome between early lactation ...
Angulo Joaquin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The present study investigated tissue-specific responses of muscle and mammary gland to a 10 week intervention of German Holstein cows (n = 18) with three different dietary fat supplements (saturated fat; linseed oil or sunflower oil plus docosahexaenoic acid-rich algae) by analysing fatty acid profiles and quality parameters of ...
Tharwat Mohamed - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to analyse the apoptotic process of liver cells in dairy cows with fatty infiltration of the liver using indicators of DNA damage and immunohistochemistry. For this purpose, sixteen dairy cows with fatty liver were examined. On clinical examination, the physical condition of the ...
Hutchinson I A - - 2012
Supplementary fat positively influences reproductive performance in dairy cattle, although the mechanisms involved are not clearly defined. Our objective was to determine the effects of four different fat supplements on follicle development, plasma steroid hormone concentrations and prostaglandin (PG) synthesis in lactating dairy cattle. Forty-eight early lactation Holstein-Friesian cows (21 ...
Larsen Mette K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present work was to study to what extent grazing large amounts of white clover (WCL), red clover (RCL), lucerne (LUC) or chicory (CHI) was suitable for production of bovine milk with a high milk fat content of tocopherols, carotenoids, α-linolenic acid and conjugated linoleic acid. ...
Regensburger Johannes - - 2012
UVB radiation is already known as initiator and promoter of carcinogenesis in skin. UVB is well absorbed in proteins and DNA leading to products such as cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers. In contrast, UVA radiation generates reactive oxygen species such as singlet oxygen, which can initiate a variety of cellular damages and ...
He Lan - - 2012
Recent studies demonstrate that alpha lipoic acid can prevent nitroglycerin tolerance by restoring aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) activity and ALDH2-mediated detoxification of aldehydes is thought as an endogenous mechanism against ischemia-reperfusion injury. This study was performed to explore whether the cardioprotective effect of alpha lipoic acid was related to activation ...
Beeson Craig C - - 2012
Poly-N-acetyl glucosamine nanofibers derived from a marine diatom have been used to increase cutaneous wound healing. These nanofibers exert their activity by specifically activating integrins, which makes them a useful tool for dissecting integrin-mediated pathways. We have shown that short-fiber poly-N-acetyl glucosamine nanofiber (sNAG) treatment of endothelial cells results in ...
Renner Lydia - - 2012
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are in focus of dairy cattle research because of its milk fat reducing effects. Little is known about the impact of CLA on immune function in dairy cows. Therefore, in the present study we investigated the effects of a long term supplementation of dairy cows with ...
Ye Nenghui - - 2011
The antagonism between abscisic acid (ABA) and gibberellin (GA) plays a key role in controlling seed germination, but the mechanism of antagonism during this process is not known. The possible links among ABA, reactive oxygen species (ROS), ascorbic acid (ASC), and GA during rice seed germination were investigated. Unlike in ...
Hagaman Edward W - - 2011
Solid-state (17)O NMR spectra of (17)O-labeled benzoic and anisic acids are reported and benzoic acid is used to probe the surface of metal oxides. Complexes formed when benzoic acid is dry mixed with mesoporous silica, and nonporous titania and alumina are characterized. Chemical reactions with silica are not observed. The ...
Derr Adam M - - 2012
NADH oxidase (Nox) is a flavin-containing enzyme used by Streptococcus mutans to reduce dissolved oxygen encountered during growth in the oral cavity. In this study, we characterized the role of the NADH oxidase in the oxidative and acid stress responses of S. mutans. A nox-defective mutant strain of S. mutans ...
Astudillo Alma M - - 2011
The development of mass spectrometry-based techniques is opening new insights into the understanding of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism. AA incorporation, remodeling and release are collectively controlled by acyltransferases, phospholipases and transacylases that exquisitely regulate the distribution of AA between the different glycerophospholipid species and its mobilization during cellular stimulation. Traditionally, ...
Qi Guangxia - - 2011
Carbonated basic oxygen furnace steel slag (hereinafter referred to as "steel slag") is generated during iron and steel manufacturing and is often classified as waste. The effect of steel slag on humification process was investigated. Catechol, glycine and glucose were used as model humic precursors from degraded biowastes. To verify ...
Han Feng - - 2011
A series of acidic-functionalized ionic liquids were synthesized and applied to the hetero-Michael addition of nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen nucleophiles to α,β-unsaturated ketones under solvent-free conditions. Notably, 1-methylimidazolium p-toluenesulfonic ([Hmim]OTs) was found to be the most efficient catalyst and could realize "homogeneous catalysis, two-phase separation". Additionally, the catalytic system has ...
Makriyannis Alexandros - - 2011
Aspirin triggers the biosynthesis of oxygenated metabolites from arachidonic, eicosapentaenoic, and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acids. In a preceding issue, Serhan et al. (2011) describe a novel aspirin-triggered DHA pathway for the biosynthesis of a potent anti-inflammatory and proresolving molecule.
Lu Wei - - 2011
The decarboxylative coupling of isatoic anhydrides with arylboronic acids was realized for the first time in the presence of Pd(2)(dba)(3) and DPEphos, achieving aryl o-aminobenzoates with yields ranging from moderate to good. The efficiency of this procedure was demonstrated by good compatibility with fluoro, chloro, bromo, nitro, cyano, trifluoromethyl, formacyl, ...
Cejudo-Bastante Maria Jesus - - 2011
The effects of the joint pre-fermentative maceration and hyper-oxygenation of Airén white must and wine on the phenolic content, chromatic characteristics, volatile composition and sensory characteristics, not previously described in combination, have been evaluated. A total of 20 phenolic and 149 volatile compounds have been identified and quantified for that ...
Jannat Rayhanur - - 2011
We investigated the roles of catalase (CAT) in abscisic acid (ABA)-induced stomatal closure using a cat2 mutant and an inhibitor of CAT, 3-aminotriazole (AT). Constitutive reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation due to the CAT2 mutation and AT treatment did not affect stomatal aperture in the absence of ABA, whereas ABA-induced ...
Brash Alan R - - 2012
Oxygenation and desaturation reactions are inherently associated with the abstraction of a hydrogen from the fatty acid substrate. Since the first published application in 1965, stereospecific placement of a labeled hydrogen isotope (deuterium or tritium) at the reacting carbons has proven a highly effective strategy for investigating the chemical mechanisms ...
Evangelou George - - 2011
Leishmaniasis is a protozoan infectious disease that often affects the skin and may acquire a chronic and difficult to treat course. Topical photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a novel treatment which involves the selective uptake of a photosensitizing agent. Exposure to an appropriate light source in the presence of oxygen leads ...
Massey Karen A - - 2011
Nutritionally important PUFAs (polyunsaturated fatty acids) mediate some of their bioactivities through formation of oxygenated metabolites. These bioactive lipids are formed by COX (cyclo-oxygenase), LOX (lipoxygenase) and cytochrome-P450-catalysed reactions, as well as non-enzymatic lipid peroxidation. These reactions produce numerous species, some of which can be formed through more than one ...
Márquez-Ruiz G - - 2011
Fatty acids (FA) bearing oxygenated functions and present in esterified form in triacylglycerols are widespread in nature but very little is known about their occurrence in dairy products. A method based on gas chromatography (with flame ionization detector and mass spectrometry detectors), including the previous isolation of polar FA methyl ...
Riffet Vanessa - - 2011
Acid-base thermochemistry of isolated amino acids containing oxygen or sulfur in their side chain (serine, threonine, cysteine and methionine) have been examined by quantum chemical computations. Density functional theory (DFT) was used, with B3LYP, B97-D and M06-2X functionals using the 6-31+G(d,p) basis set for geometry optimizations and the larger 6-311++G(3df,2p) ...
He Ping - - 2011
TiN was used as an oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalyst in a Li-air fuel cell with a non-aqueous/acidic aqueous hybrid electrolyte. The electrochemical properties of the TiN based catalyst and the single cell were extensively investigated. It is suggested that TiN has considerable electrochemical catalytic activity for Li-air fuel cells ...
Jansen Christian - - 2011
Animal lipoxygenases (LOXs) are classified according to their specificity of arachidonic acid oxygenation, and previous sequence alignments suggested that S-LOXs contain a conserved Ala at a critical position at the active site but R-LOXs carry a Gly instead. Here we cloned, expressed, and characterized a novel LOX isoform from the ...
Perederiy Ilya - - 2011
High pressure oxidative acid leaching (HPOXAL) was successfully applied to slow-cooled converter slags from Vale's operations in Sudbury (Ontario, Canada). Extractions of Ni, Co and Cu exceeded 90% within 15-20min and levelled at 95-97% after 45min at 250°C, 90psi O(2) overpressure and 70g/L initial H(2)SO(4). Pyrrhotite tailings with ∼0.6% Ni ...
Giglio Benjamin C - - 2011
The dioxygenation of alkenes using molecular oxygen and a simple hydroxamic acid derivative has been achieved. The reaction system is comprised of readily-prepared methyl N-hydroxy(phenyl)carbamate and molecular oxygen with a catalytic amount of a radical initiator, and offers an alternative to common precious transition-metal-catalyzed dioxygenation processes. This transformation capitalizes on ...
Harms Floor A - - 2011
Mitochondrial oxygen tension can be measured in vivo by means of oxygen-dependent quenching of delayed fluorescence of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX). Here we demonstrate that delayed fluorescence is readily observed from skin in rat and man after topical application of the PpIX precursor 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA). Delayed fluorescence lifetimes respond to ...
Kim Seung-Soo - - 2011
Oil fractions, separated from food waste leachate, can be used as an energy source. Especially, high quality oil can be obtained by catalytic cracking. In this study, nanoporous catalysts such as Al-MCM-41 and mesoporous MFI type zeolite were applied to the catalytic cracking of oil fractions using the pyrolysis gas ...
Liu Li - - 2011
Pahayokolides A and B are cyclic undecapeptides that were isolated from the cyanobacterium Lyngbya sp. They contain the unusual α-hydroxy-β-amino acid 3-amino-2,5,7,8-tetrahydroxy-10-methylundecanoic acid (Athmu). The absolute configurations of the amino acids of the pahayokolides, except for the four oxygen-bearing stereocenters of Athmu, have been determined by Marphy's method. Incorporation of ...
Baragatti Barbara - - 2011
Oxygen promotes closure of the ductus arteriosus at birth. We have previously presented a scheme for oxygen action with a cytochrome P450 (CYP450) hemoprotein and endothelin-1 (ET-1) being, respectively, sensor and effector, and a hypothetical monooxygenase product serving as a coupling link. We have also found in the vessel arachidonic ...
Chan Jefferson - - 2011
The mutarotation of N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) proceeds by four kinetically distinct pathways: (i) the acid-catalyzed reaction of neutral Neu5Ac; (ii) the spontaneous reaction of the carboxylic acid (the kinetically equivalent acid-catalyzed reaction on the anion being ruled out by the solvent deuterium kinetic isotope effect of 3.74 ± 0.68); (iii) ...
Bispo E - - 2011
Seven- to 10-month-old calves are the typical production of Galician Blond (GB), the most important bovine local beef breed in Spain. As meat lipid repercussions on human health depend on their fatty acid (FA) profile, this study aimed at analysing the individual FA at weaning and at the end of ...
Goodyer Matthew J - - 2011
We describe a high oxygen affinity hemoglobin (Hb) variant (Hb Vanderbilt) as a result of a heterozygous novel base change from T to A at codon 89 (AGT>AGA) leading to an amino acid change from serine to arginine.
Kim Min Cheol - - 2011
Four new plastoquinones, together with two known compounds, sargahydroquinoic acid and sargaquinoic acid, were isolated from the brown alga, Sargassum yezoense collected from the eastern coast of Korea. The structures of these compounds were elucidated based on spectroscopic analyses including NMR and MS. Their structures designated as meroterphenol A (1), ...
Namasivayam V - - 2011
The advent of multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH) monitoring has generated interest in the role of weakly acidic reflux in persistent symptoms in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Emerging evidence suggests that MII-pH may be superior to conventional pH testing under certain circumstances in the detection of reflux and expert ...
Cui Juntao - - 2011
Several amino acid phosphorodiamidate derivatives of d4T as anti-HIV prodrugs were synthesized and investigated using electrospray ionization multistage tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS(n)). A novel methyl group migration in gas phase was observed in ESI-MS(2) of the sodium adducts of amino acid methyl ester of phosphorodiamidates of 2', 3'-didehydro-2', 3'-dideoxythymidine (d4T). ...
Gleason Julie E JE Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of - - 2011
In diverse organisms, adaptation to low oxygen (hypoxia) is mediated through complex gene expression changes that can, in part, be mimicked by exposure to metals such as cobalt. Although much is known about the transcriptional response to hypoxia and cobalt, little is known about the all-important cell metabolism effects that ...
Hernández M Luisa - - 2011
The regulation of microsomal and plastidial oleate desaturases by low and high temperature, darkness, and wounding was investigated. To this end, their gene expression levels and the fatty acid composition was determined in the mesocarp tissue of olive fruit from the Picual and Arbequina varieties subjected to the corresponding stress ...
Jain Pooja - - 2010
Analogues of nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) with substitution at either the 4- or the 5-position position of the nicotinic acid moiety have been synthesized from NADP enzymatically using Aplysia californica ADP-ribosyl cyclase or mammalian NAD glycohydrolase. Substitution at the 4-position of the nicotinic acid resulted in the loss ...
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