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Results 401 - 450 of 1317
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Lin Xiaobo - - 2002
Humans and genetically engineered mice with hypobetalipoproteinemia due to truncation-producing mutations of the apolipoprotein B (apoB) gene frequently have fatty livers, because the apoB defect impairs the capacity of livers to export triglycerides (TGs). We assessed the adaptation of hepatic lipid metabolism in our apoB-38.9-bearing mice. Hepatic TG contents were ...
Wistrand Per J - - 2002
Cytosolic carbonic anhydrases CAI, CAII, and CAIII from liver, and CAII, and CAIII from muscle of adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were purified to homogeneity. CAIII from liver and muscle had the same amino acid composition and were immunochemically similar. Their kinetic properties at 0 degrees C were also similar. Km(CO2) ...
Sano K - - 2001
The disposition of S-benzyl-glutathione (BSG) in male Wistar rats was evaluated by the HPLC method to examine whether the kidney and liver contributed independently to the biosynthesis of S-benzyl-N-acetylcysteine (BNAc), a mercapturic acid (Chart 1). After intravenous injection, BSG was rapidly transported in both the kidney and the liver at ...
Ohno T - - 2001
Gallic acid (3,4,5-trihydroxy benzoic acid), a naturally occurring plant phenol, inhibited the proliferation of metastatic tumor cells, such as P815 murine mastocytoma, B16 murine melanoma and L5178 murine lymphoma cells at IC50s of 6.5, 8.0 and 3.6 microg/ml, respectively. P815 mastocytoma cells are known to metastasize specifically to the liver. ...
Lukivskaya O Y - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) on prostaglandin and fatty acid metabolism and the possible relation of these substances to the development of alcoholic fatty liver in rats. The effects of UDCA (40 mg/kg/day, 30 days) were studied in rats pair-fed ...
Taut F J - - 2001
Experimental treatment with the antioxidant and glutathione precursor N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has been performed in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) to reduce reperfusion injury. To investigate the effect of NAC on the hepatic and intestinal amino acid metabolism, intraoperative amino acid exchange rates were studied in liver transplant recipients with high dose ...
Arai K - - 2001
A better understanding of the hepatic metabolic pathways affected by fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) would help develop nutritional support and other nonsurgical medical therapies for FHF. We used an isolated perfused liver system in combination with a mass-balance model of hepatic intermediary metabolism to generate a comprehensive map of metabolic ...
Nakano N - - 2001
The inhibitory effects of such vanillylamides as capsaicin and nine capsaicinoids on fatty acid desaturation in liver cells were investigated by using the cultured rat liver cell line, BRL-3A. When capsaicin was added to the medium, it had a relatively strong inhibitory effect on delta6 desaturation and clear inhibitory effects ...
Fiorucci S - - 2001
Portal hypertension resulting from increased intrahepatic resistance is a common complication of chronic liver diseases and a leading cause of death in patients with liver cirrhosis, a scarring process of the liver that includes components of both increased fibrogenesis and wound contraction. A reduced production of nitric oxide (NO) resulting ...
Nardo B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Whether fatty infiltration of the liver influences the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during reperfusion is unclear. Thus, this study aimed to compare the ROS formation that occurs during postanoxic reoxygenation in isolated normal and fatty livers. METHODS: Isolated livers from fed Sprague-Dawley rats with normal or fatty ...
Paperna I - - 2001
Vesicular karyomegaly of the liver hepatocytes is described from Baryancistrus sp. (Loricaridae), in 3 out of 7 fish, collected from Rio Xingu in central Amazonian (neutral water) Brazil and kept about 2 wk in a holding facility fed with acid water (pH 5.0 to 5.5). Altered cells also occurred in ...
Boyd K L - - 2001
Hepatic hyaline globules, similar to those reported in some human livers, were observed in liver tissue from an Eclectus parrot (Eclectus roratus). The cytoplasmic inclusions were periodic acid-Schiff positive and diastase resistant and failed to stain by acid-fast or Congo red techniques. Ultrastructurally, the hepatic globules were composed of granular ...
Zhang K E - - 2001
In vitro metabolism of AG7088 [trans-(4S,2'R,5'S,3"'S)-4-[2'-4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-6'-methyl-5'-[(5"-methylisoxazole-3"-carbonylamino]-4-oxoheptanoylamino]-5-(2"'-oxopyrrolidin-3-"'-yl)pent-2-enoic acid ethyl ester] was studied in liver microsomes isolated from mice, rats, rabbits, dogs, monkeys, and humans. The structures of the metabolites were characterized by liquid chromatography (LC)-tandem mass spectrometry and LC-NMR methods. Hydrolysis of the ethyl ester to produce metabolite M4 (AG7185) is ...
Evelson P - - 2001
This study evaluates the possibility of obtaining total reactive antioxidant potential (TRAP) indexes in homogenates and their cytosolic fractions by a procedure based on the quenching of luminol luminescence induced by the thermolysis of 2,2'-azo-bis(2-amidinopropane). Measurements were performed in rat brain, liver, kidney, and heart homogenates. TRAP indexes can be ...
Sanyal A J - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that NASH is associated with 2 defects: (1) peripheral insulin resistance, which increases lipolysis, delivery of free fatty acids (FFA) to the liver, and hepatic fatty acid beta oxidation, thereby creating oxidative stress; and (2) ...
Vendemiale G - - 2001
Hepatic steatosis is associated with mitochondrial oxidative alterations. This study aimed to characterize in a choline-deficient model of rat fatty liver whether this oxidative imbalance is related to an impairment of the capacity of ATP synthesis both under fed conditions and after starvation, which may sensitize mitochondria to oxidative injury. ...
Kallinteri P - - 2001
In this study, a small triantennary asialoglycopeptide of fetuin (A-F2) was used as a ligand to direct liposomes to hepatocytes. A-F2 was cleaved from asialofetuin, purified, conjugated with fatty acids and incorporated into pre-formed sonicated DSPC/Chol (2:1) liposomes. A mild cholate incubation method for incorporating the A-F2 ligand on pre-formed ...
Moreira N X - - 2001
The correlation between dietary trans fatty acids and neoplasia was examined in the present study. Walker 256 tumor-bearing and control rats were fed a trans monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA)-rich diet for 8 weeks and the incorporation of trans fatty acids by tumor tissue was examined. Also, the effect of tumor ...
Wuhrer M - - 2001
Glycosphingolipids from the parasitic liver flukes Fasciola gigantica and Fasciola hepatica were isolated and their carbohydrate moieties were structurally analysed by methylation analysis, exoglycosidase treatment, on-target exoglycosidase cleavage and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry. For both liver fluke species, the ceramide monohexosides Gal1-ceramide and Glc1-ceramide were found in relative ...
Piergiacomi V A - - 2001
The effect of retinyl palmitate on the polyunsaturated fatty-acid composition, chemiluminescence and peroxidizability index of microsomes and mitochondria obtained from rat liver, kidney, brain, lung and heart, was studied. After incubation of microsomes and mitochondria in an ascorbate Fe++ system (120 min at 37 degrees C) it was observed that ...
Xu S - - 2001
Fatty acyl-coenzyme A (CoA):estradiol acyltransferase in liver microsomes catalyzes the formation of estradiol fatty acid esters. These esters are lipophilic and have prolonged hormonal activity because they are slowly metabolized and because they slowly release estradiol. In the present study, we have shown that treatment of rats with clofibrate or ...
Vietri M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this investigation were to study the glucuronidation of mycophenolic acid (MPA) in human liver and kidney and to search for a compound that inhibits MPA glucuronidation among the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). METHODS: A sensitive and reproducible radiometric assay was developed to measure the rate of ...
Lieber C S - - 2000
Much progress has been made in the understanding of the pathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease, resulting in an improvement in treatment. Nutritional deficiencies should be corrected when present but, because of the alcohol-induced disease process, some of the nutritional requirements change. For instance, methionine, one of the essential amino acids ...
Amet Y - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Long-term ethanol consumption in laboratory animals is associated with histological alterations of liver cells and modifications of fatty acid metabolism. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was aimed at investigating the effect of 1- and 2-month chronic treatment of rats with ethanol on the metabolism of two unsaturated ...
Kavok N S - - 2000
L-Thyroxine rapidly stimulated the accumulation of diacylglycerols in isolated hepatocytes and in liver when lipids were prelabeled with [14C]oleic acid or with [14C]CH3COONa. Perfusion of the liver of hypothyroid animals with L-thyroxine-containing solution or incubation of liver fragments with the hormone increased the content of diacylglycerols in the liver cells. ...
Górski J - - 2000
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether lipid metabolism in the nuclei is affected by changes in the metabolism of free fatty acids in the liver. The experiments were carried out on 3 groups of rats: 1 - control-male, 2 - female, and 3 - male, treated ...
Laposata M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) are nonoxidative ethanol metabolites that have been shown to be long term markers of ethanol intake and have been implicated as mediators of ethanol-induced cell injury. Previous studies have indicated that the fatty acid composition of the FAEE found in the plasma of human ...
Ali A M - - 2000
The study was designed to develop an improved technique for perfusing the isolated caudal lobe of sheep liver. Twenty caudal lobes were perfused for 3-4 h, in a non-recirculating mode, with Krebs-Henseleit bicarbonate buffer. The perfusion system was designed to give a constant flow. The hepatic viability and functional normality ...
Leite L H - - 2000
The purposes of this study were to determine: a) the incorporation of labeled [3H] arachidonic acid on the intestinal mucosa, the liver and plasma, after 1,3 and 5 hours of administration, b) preferential incorporation by different tissues, c) and the effects on experimental rats with thioacetamide-induced cirrhosis, after four weeks ...
Nakano N - - 2000
It was demonstrated that the rat liver cell line BRL-3A converted exogenous C19 odd chain-polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) into the corresponding C21- and C23-PUFAs as follows: 21:3n-8, 21:4n-8, 23:3n-8, and 23:4n-8 (from 19:3n-8); 21:4n-5, 21:5n-5, 23:4n-5, and 23:5n-5 (from 19:4n-5); 21:5n-2, 21:6n-2, 23:5n-2, and 23:6n-2 (from 19:5n-2). It presumed that ...
Tsukishiro T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Although branched-chain aminoacids (BCAA) are reported to be effective in prolongation of the mean survival time of patients with liver cirrhosis, it is not clear whether BCAA could influence the immune function in those patients. METHODS: Branched-chain amino acids were given as a supplement to carbon tetrachloride-induced cirrhotic rats, ...
Herdt T H - - 2000
Ketosis and fatty liver occur when physiologic mechanisms for the adaptation to negative energy balance fail. Failure of hepatic gluconeogenesis to supply adequate glucose for lactation and body needs may be one cause of ketosis; however, poor feedback control of nonesterified fatty acid release from adipose tissue is another likely ...
Frangioni G - - 2000
The Kupffer cells (melanomacrophages) in the livers of lower vertebrates contain varying quantities of melanin according to the season. Specimens of Triturus carnifex raised for 2 months at 6 degrees C and then transferred to water at 22 degrees C show a rapid increase in the hepatic accumulation of the ...
Cappiello M - - 2000
The endogenous concentration of uridine 5'-diphosphoglucoronic acid (UDPGLcUA), the endogenus substrate of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase, was measured in the human fetal and adult liver and kidney and in the placenta. The concentrations (mumol/Kg wet weight) of UDPGLcUA were 59.4 +/- 11.3 (fetal liver), 301 +/- 119 (adult liver), 11.9 +/- 3.2 (fetal ...
Hippen A R - - 2000
An experiment demonstrating the usefulness of glucagon as a treatment for fatty liver and ketosis in early-lactation dairy cows has been described. This is the first report of the ability of glucagon, or any agent, to promote clearance of lipid from livers of animals suffering hepatic lipidosis. The development and ...
De Santi C - - 2000
1. Resveratrol, a polyphenolic compound present in grapes and wine, has beneficial effects against cancer and protective effects on the cardiovascular system. It is present in the diet, and the hepatic and duodenal sulphation might limit the bioavailability of this compound. The aim was to study the sulphation of resveratrol ...
Zomborszky Z - - 2000
In this study total lipid (TL) content and the fatty acid composition changes in the liver of red deer stags (n=35) and fallow deer bucks (n=19) were examined at various reproductive stages. Samples were taken from mature red deer stags in the rut (September), in the post-rut (October), at the ...
Moustafellos E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The etiologic heterogeneity of fibrotic liver disease has resulted in the formulation of diverse, often disease-specific, classification systems for biopsy assessment, based on tissue morphology and staining. Their qualitative nature and observer dependency remain a concern, and no classification exists for several significant conditions--for example, alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency (alpha1-ATD). The ...
Laurent A - - 2000
4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is a major aldehydic product of lipid peroxidation known to exert several biological and cytotoxic effects. The in vitro metabolism of [4-(3)H]-HNE by rat precision-cut liver slices was investigated. Liver slices rapidly metabolize HNE - about 85% of 0.1 microM [4-(3)H]-HNE was degraded within 5 min of incubation. ...
Ide T - - 2000
Fatty acid overload has been proposed as a cause of decreased responsiveness in the major insulin target tissues of the body such as muscle and liver tissue. We therefore investigated fatty acid oxidation in soleus muscle and liver isolated from Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats treated with thiazolidinediones, a new ...
Tsukada K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: It remains unproven whether nitric oxide (NO) exerts a toxic effect on hepatocytes directly or through the formation of a more toxic compound during hemorrhagic shock (HS). NO reacts at a very high rate constant with superoxide to give peroxynitrite, a potentially toxic molecule. In this study, we investigated ...
Milano G D - - 2000
The mass transfers of O2, glucose, NH3, urea and amino acids across the portal-drained viscera (PDV) and the liver were quantified, by arterio-venous techniques, during the last 4 h of a 100 h infusion of 0 (basal), 150 or 400 mumol NH4HCO3/min into the mesenteric vein of three sheep given ...
Clemmesen J O - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In acute liver failure the liver has to regenerate, which may increase the consumption of essential fatty acids. Nutritional support consists mainly of infusion of glucose. It is therefore possible that essential fatty acid deficiency may develop in such patients. METHODS: Plasma phospholipid composition was studied in healthy controls ...
Kasuya F - - 2000
The relative importance of the liver and kidney for glycine conjugation of ortho-substituted benzoic acids was investigated. Glycine conjugation of ortho-substituted benzoic acids was investigated in mouse liver and kidney mitochondria. The extent of glycine conjugation of benzoic acids with the halogen group decreased in the order F > Cl ...
Larqué E - - 2000
The aim of the present study was to investigate the maternal-fetal transport, incorporation, and effects on liver delta-6 fatty-acid desaturase activity of dietary trans fatty acids in pregnant rats. Three groups of six rats each were fed three experimental diets containing approximately 0%, 15%, and 30% of trans fatty acids ...
Drsata J - - 2000
Decarboxylation of aromatic amino acid in mammalian tissues is catalyzed by aromatic amino acid decarboxylase (EC. 4.1.1.28, AAD). The enzyme differs in its affinity to individual aromatic amino acids, the best substrates being 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (dopa) and 5-hydroxytroptophan. Surprisingly, AAD is abundant in the liver, where the substrates with rather low ...
Saha N - - 2000
The changes in the free amino acid (FAA) levels, the rate of efflux of FAAs from the perfused liver, and the activity of some enzymes related to amino acid metabolism such as glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH, both reductive amination and oxidative deamination), glutamine synthetase (GS), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alanine aminotransferase ...
Melin A M - - 2000
Microsomal fractions from rat liver were examined by means of Fourier transform IR (FTIR) spectroscopy to study the in vivo toxic effect of carbon tetrachloride administered by intraperitoneal injection. Lipid content was significantly enhanced in the liver of treated rats compared with untreated ones. The level of saturated fatty acids ...
Herling A W - - 1999
S 4048 (1-[2-(4-Chloro-phenyl)-cyclopropylmethoxy]-3, 4-dihydroxy-5-(3-imidazo[4, 5-b]pyridin-1-yl-3-phenyl-acryloyloxy)-cyclohexanecarboxylic acid), a derivative of chlorogenic acid, specifically inhibits the glucose-6-phosphate translocating component T1 of the glucose-6-phosphatase system. Its pharmacological effect was studied on carbohydrate and lipid parameters in rats. In starved and fed rats, S 4048 caused a dose-dependent reduction of blood glucose levels with ...
Puchowicz M A - - 1999
Measurement of fractional lipogenesis by mass isotopomer distribution analysis (MIDA) of fatty acids or cholesterol labeled from [(13)C]acetate assumes constant enrichment of lipogenic acetyl-CoA in all hepatocytes. This would not be the case if uptake and release of acetate by the liver resulted in transhepatic gradients of acetyl-CoA enrichment. Conscious ...
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