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Results 351 - 400 of 1317
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Lee Byung Chul - - 2004
8-Cyclopentadienyltricarbonyl 99mTc 8-oxooctanoic acid (99mTc-CpTTOA; 1a) was synthesized for evaluation of medium chain fatty acid metabolism in the liver. 99mTc-CpTTOA was prepared in high radiochemical yield (50-63%) by a double ligand transfer reaction of methyl 8-ferrocenyl-8-oxooctanoate and Na99mTcO4 in the presence of CrCl3 and Cr(CO)6, followed by hydrolysis. This radiotracer ...
Sinasac David S - - 2004
Adult-onset type II citrullinemia (CTLN2) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in SLC25A13, the gene encoding the mitochondrial aspartate/glutamate carrier citrin. The absence of citrin leads to a liver-specific, quantitative decrease of argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS), causing hyperammonemia and citrullinemia. To investigate the physiological role of citrin and the ...
Salvi Mauro - - 2003
Glycyrrhetinic acid, a hydrolysis product of one of the main constituents of licorice, the triterpene glycoside of glycyrrhizic acid, when added to rat liver mitochondria at micromolar concentrations induces swelling, loss of membrane potential, pyridine nucleotide oxidation, and release of cytochrome c and apoptosis inducing factor. These changes are Ca(2+) ...
Rooney O M - - 2003
High-resolution magic angle spinning (HRMAS) (1)H NMR spectroscopy is ideal for monitoring the metabolic environment within tissues, particularly when spectra are weighted by physical properties such as T(1) and T(2) relaxation times and apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs). In this study, spectral-editing using T(1) and T(2) relaxation times and ADCs at ...
Musshoff Frank - - 2003
In a postmortem exploratory study, we examined whether specific amino acid abnormalities associated with liver diseases in vivo may also be detected in human brain samples obtained at clinical autopsies. The branched-chain amino acids (BCAA: valine, leucine, isoleucine) were decreased in the group of patients with liver diseases compared with ...
Trevizan Lilian C - - 2003
An acid vapor partial digestion procedure for bovine liver is proposed using a focused microwave oven and a laboratory-made PTFE support. The support is equipped with three cups of approximately 4 ml volume each one and the cups were adapted to the glass reaction vessel of the microwave oven. A ...
Xu Yang - - 2003
Mitochondrial cardiolipin (CL) contains unique fatty acid patterns, but it is not known how the characteristic molecular species of CL are formed. We found a novel reaction that transfers acyl groups from phosphatidylcholine or phosphatidylethanolamine to CL in mitochondria of rat liver and human lymphoblasts. Acyl transfer was stimulated by ...
Matsuoka Chikako - - 2003
The effect of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) on the metabolism of protein, amino acids and ammonia was examined in rats with cirrhosis, with a special emphasis on the efficacy of early administration of BCAA. Liver cirrhosis was induced in rats by intraperitoneal injections of carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)). The rats were ...
Gilat Tuvia - - 2003
Fatty acid bile acid conjugates (FABACs) are a new family of synthetic molecules designed to solubilize biliary cholesterol. They were shown to prevent and dissolve cholesterol gallstones in inbred C57L/J mice fed a lithogenic, high-fat diet (HFD). In these mice, fatty liver was observed in the controls but not in ...
Larqué Elvira - - 2003
This study was designed to investigate the effects of three diets with different levels of trans fatty acids and the physiologic status on the physicochemical properties and enzymatic activities of liver microsomes and mitochondria. Three groups of 10 female weaning rats each were fed for 10 wk one of three ...
Itoh Roichi - - 2003
IMP-hydrolyzing activity, which is reactive with goose anti-pig lung IMP-GMP 5'-nucleotidase (c-N-II: EC.3.1.3.5) serum, was detected in extracts from liver, heart, kidney, spleen, stomach, skeletal muscle and lung from several species of reptiles: The values found in liver (U/mg protein) of one animal were: 4.5 for an ammono-ureotelic turtle (Trionyx ...
Xu Aimin - - 2003
Adiponectin has recently been shown to be a promising candidate for the treatment of obesity-associated metabolic syndromes. Replenishment of recombinant adiponectin in mice can decrease hyperglycemia, reverse insulin resistance, and cause sustained weight loss without affecting food intake. Here we report its potential roles in alcoholic and nonalcoholic fatty liver ...
Cakmak Gülgün - - 2003
Nonylphenol (NP) is a biodegradation product of nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEs) belonging to the alkylphenol ethoxylates (APEs) group. APEs are widely used nonionic surfactants in detergents, herbicides, pesticides, paints, and cosmetics. The present work investigates the effects of NP on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) livers at the molecular level using Fourier ...
Nanashima, Atsushi
To clarify the clinical usefulness of measuring branched chain amino acids and tyrosine ratio (BTR), which is correlated with Fischer's ratio, we examined the serum BTR level in 33 patients with liver diseases. Serum levels of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and tyrosine were measured by the new enzymatic method, which ...
Iossa Susanna - - 2003
We have studied changes in hepatic mitochondrial efficiency induced by 24-h fasting or acclimation at 29 degrees C, two conditions of reduced thermogenesis. Basal and palmitate-induced proton leak, which contribute to mitochondrial efficiency, are not affected after 24-h fasting, when serum free triiodothyronine decreases significantly and serum free fatty acids ...
Balogh Annegret - - 2003
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of tacrolimus (Tac) and xipamide (X) on mycophenolic acid (MPA) glucuronidation in precision-cut rat liver slices. To assess a possible effect of these two drugs, the influence of the anti-inflammatory drug niflumic acid (NA)--a well-known inhibitor for MPA glucuronidation in ...
Horie Takashi - - 2003
Recent studies showed that the function of some amino acids is not only nutritional but also pharmacological. However, the effects of amino acids on liver fibrosis and hepatic stellate cell (HSC) remain unclear. In this research, as a result of screening of amino acids using liver fibrosis induced by DMN ...
Imai Koichi - - 2003
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) affects de novo fatty acid synthesis, oleic acid formation, fatty acid oxidation, and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) secretion, in relation to the accumulation of lipid containing oleic acid, in rat liver. The rates of hepatic de novo ...
Ait-Yahia Dalila - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of two types of dietary protein on blood pressure, liver fatty acid desaturation and composition, and urine 6-keto-prostaglandin-F (PGF(1alpha)) level, the metabolite of prostacyclin. METHODS: 5-wk-old spontaneously hypertensive rats were fed 20% casein or purified fish protein. The fat source was 5% ISIO oil, which ...
Attar Mayssa - - 2003
Upon oral administration, tazarotene is rapidly converted to tazarotenic acid by esterases. The main circulating agent, tazarotenic acid is subsequently oxidized to the inactive sulfoxide metabolite. Therefore, alterations in the metabolic clearance of tazarotenic acid may have significant effects on its systemic exposure. The objective of this study was to ...
Campo M M - - 2003
We have investigated the contribution of muscle components to the development of cooked meat odour in an aqueous model system using trained taste panels. Reaction mixtures were prepared with oleic, linoleic and linolenic acids with or without cysteine and ribose in a buffer with or without ferrous sulphate. Odour profiles ...
Shimada Yasuhiko - - 2003
The effects of eritadenine, a constituent of the Lentinus edodes mushroom, and ethanolamine, the base constituent of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), on fatty acid desaturase activities and lipid profiles were investigated comparatively in rats. Rats were fed a control diet or a diet supplemented with either eritadenine (0.05 g/kg) or ethanolamine (8 ...
Coen Muireann - - 2003
An integrated metabonomics study using high-resolution 1H NMR spectroscopy has been applied to investigate the biochemical composition of intact liver tissue (using magic angle spinning), liver tissue extracts, and blood plasma samples obtained from control and acetaminophen-treated mice. Principal components analysis was used to visualize similarities and differences in biochemical ...
Butterworth Roger F - - 2003
Both acute and chronic liver failure result in impaired cerebral function known as hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Evidence suggests that HE is the consequence of the accumulation in brain of neurotoxic and/or neuroactive substance including ammonia, manganese, aromatic amino acids, mercaptans, phenols, short-chain fatty acids, bilirubin and a variety of neuroactive ...
González-Hernández J C - - 2003
We studied the role of the D-amino acids (D-aa) D-serine, D-alanine, D-methionine, D-aspartate, D-tyrosine and D-arginine on rat liver mitochondria. The stability of D-amino acids, mitochondrial swelling, transmembrane potential and oxygen consumption were studied under oxidative stress conditions in rat liver mitochondria. In the presence of glutamate-malate all D-aas salts ...
Kojima Sei-Ichiro - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The aim of this investigation was to elucidate the time-course of changes in the prevalence of fatty liver, and to analyze its clinical backgrounds over the previous 12-year period. METHODS: Thirty-nine thousand one hundred and fifty-one individuals who visited the Tokai University Hospital Health Checkup Center from 1989 to ...
Zancanaro C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In the present paper compositional changes of rat liver from birth to adult age were investigated by proton and carbon nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. METHODS: The water-soluble and organic (lipid) fraction of pooled liver tissue from rats aged 1,7, 21 days, and 5 months were extracted according to ...
Komatsu Y - - 2002
Histopathological features of livers and blood chemical values in cows with abomasal displacement were investigated. Liver biopsy samples were collected during redressment operations in 92 cows with abomasal displacement, and the samples were stained with haematoxylin and eosin or periodic acid Schiff (PAS). Blood was collected for chemical tests. Livers ...
Lieber Charles S - - 2002
S-Adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe) exerts many key functions in the liver, including serving as a precursor for cysteine, 1 of 3 amino acids of glutathione--the major physiologic defense mechanism against oxidative stress. SAMe is particularly important in opposing the toxicity of free oxygen radicals generated by various pathogens, including alcohol, which cause ...
Omagari Katsuhisa - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Fatty liver is not uncommon in many countries, including Japan, and is mainly caused by alcohol usage and obesity. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and causative factors of fatty liver in Japanese adults. METHODS: The clinical characteristics of 3432 Japanese adults who ...
Kannan Kurunthachalam - - 2002
Livers of birds collected from Japan and Korea (n = 83) were analyzed to determine the concentrations of perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanesulfonamide (FOSA), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorohexanesulfonate (PFHS). PFOS was found in the livers of 95% of the birds analyzed at concentrations greater than the limit of quantitation (LOQ) of ...
Giudetti A M - - 2002
The activity of the tricarboxylate (citrate) carrier has been assayed in intact liver mitochondria from yellow eel (Anguilla anguilla) and compared to that from rat. The eel-citrate carrier specific activity was approximately 1.7-fold higher than that assayed in rat-liver mitochondria. The content of the main mitochondrial phospholipids, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine, ...
Colaço Melwin - - 2002
Gelonin, a type 1 ribosome-inactivating protein, has been used as toxin conjugate for several therapeutic purposes. We have investigated the endocytosis of gelonin by rat liver in vivo. Subcellular distribution of [125I]gelonin was established after differential and isopycnic centrifugation. Fractions were analyzed for acid-soluble and acid-precipitable radioactivity. Results show that ...
Summerer Stephan - - 2002
cis-9,10-epoxystearic acid was used as a tool to probe the active sites of epoxide hydrolases (EHs) of mammalian and plant origin. We have compared the stereochemical features of the hydrolysis of this substrate catalysed by soluble and membrane-bound rat liver EHs, by soluble EH (purified to apparent homogeneity) obtained from ...
Clément Lionel - - 2002
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are a class of positional, geometric, conjugated dienoic isomers of linoleic acid (LA). Dietary CLA supplementation results in a dramatic decrease in body fat mass in mice, but also causes considerable liver steatosis. However, little is known of the molecular mechanisms leading to hepatomegaly. Although c9,t11- ...
Szponar Bogumila - - 2002
3-Hydroxy fatty acids (3-OH FAs) of 10-18-carbon chain lengths are constituents of the lipopolysaccharide of Gram-negative bacteria. These acids are used as chemical markers for determining endotoxin in environmental samples. The present communication addresses the question whether this type of analysis also would be applicable to mammalian samples. Low levels ...
Vicentino Christiame - - 2002
AIMS/BACKGROUND: The effect of the Walker-256 tumour on uptake and oxidation of long-chain fatty acids was investigated in perfused livers of rats. METHODS: Isolated livers were perfused in a non-recirculating system. Fatty acid uptake, ketogenesis, oxygen uptake and 14CO2-production were measured as well as the activities of the acyl carnitine ...
Tanaka Masami - - 2002
Ebselen is a seleno-organic compound that inhibits oxidative stress by lipid peroxidation through a glutathione peroxidase-like activity. We studied the effect of ebselen on the expression of hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes in rats with deoxycholic acid-induced liver injury. Hydrophobic bile acids, such as deoxycholic acid, are known to cause cholestatic liver ...
Sakaguchi Takeo - - 2002
The effect of hepatic branch vagotomy on liver regeneration induced by ursodesoxycholic acid was examined in 66% hepatectomized rats. A standard feeding was obtained from animals with hepatic branch vagotomy, and all rats examined received pair food intake. Liver regeneration was evaluated by the hepatocyte mitotic index. When ursodesoxycholic acid ...
Roglans Núria - - 2002
We aimed to investigate the effect of atorvastatin (5 and 30 mg/kg/day for 2 weeks) on hepatic lipid metabolism in a well established model of dietary hypertriglyceridemia, the fructose-fed rat. Fructose feeding (10% fructose in drinking water for 2 weeks) induced hepatic lipogenesis and reduced peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) ...
Vietri M - - 2002
1. The aims were to study the sulfation of R-(-)-apomorphine (hereafter apomorphine) in the human liver and duodenum, and to study the rate of inhibition of apomorphine sulphation by mefenamic acid, salicylic acid and quercetin also in the human liver and duodenum. 2. A rapid and sensitive method was developed ...
Zhou Shufeng - - 2002
The involvement of flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO) in the 6-methylhydroxylation of the experimental anti-cancer drug 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid (DMXAA) was investigated by use of human liver microsomes and microsomes containing cDNA-expressed FMOs. The involvement of FMO in the formation of 6-methyl hydroxylate of DMXAA, 6-hydroxymethyl-5-methylxanthenone-4-acetic acid (6-OH-MXAA) in human liver microsomes was ...
Waters Nigel J - - 2002
The metabolite profiles from livers of toxin-treated rats were investigated using high resolution 1H NMR spectroscopy of aqueous (acetonitrile/water), lipidic (chloroform/methanol) extracts and magic angle spinning (MAS)-NMR spectroscopy of intact tissue. Rats were treated with the model cholestatic hepatotoxin, alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT, 150 mg/kg) and NMR spectra of liver were analysed ...
Gutiérrez Ana M - - 2002
Studies were done to analyze the fatty acid composition and sensitivity to lipid peroxidation (LP) of mitochondria and microsomes from duck liver, heart and brain. The fatty acid composition of mitochondria and microsomes was tissue-dependent. In particular, arachidonic acid comprised 17.39+/-2.32, 11.75+/-3.25 and 9.70+/-0.40% of the total fatty acids in ...
Legrand Philippe - - 2002
Lauric acid desaturation was investigated and described in liver homogenates and in cultured rat hepatocytes. The identification of the desaturated product of lauric acid has been performed using the oxidative cleavage method, and we showed that the obtained monoene was mainly 12:1n-3. This result suggests that lauric acid desaturation could ...
Pires Osmindo R OR - - 2002
Brachycephalus ephippium is a diurnal frog, that shows aposematic colouration and inhabits Atlantic forest leaf litter in south-eastern Brazil. The presence of tetrodotoxin (TTX) in the skin, liver and ovaries of B. ephippium was demonstrated. The skin (260 M.U./g) exhibited the highest toxicity followed by liver (177 M.U./g). TTX and ...
Bayer Tanja - - 2002
1,1,1,3,3-Pentafluoropropane (HFC-245fa) is being developed as a CFC substitute. 1,1,1,3,3-Pentafluoropropane has a low potential for toxicity: the only remarkable toxic effect seen in rats after inhalation exposure to 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane in concentrations of up to 50,000 ppm for 90 days was an increased incidence of diffuse myocarditis. To elucidate the possible ...
Kohashi Toshihiko - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To predict the degree of liver fibrosis and select a safe operative procedure, the correlation between liver fibrotic ratio and preoperative liver function variables were analyzed, and the significance of the molar ratio of branched-chain amino acids to tyrosine determined preoperatively was investigated. METHODOLOGY: Forty-four patients with hepatectomy were ...
Katoh Norio - - 2002
Most metabolic diseases in dairy cows occur during the peripartum period and are suggested to be derived from fatty liver initially developed during the nonlactating stage. Fatty liver is induced by hepatic uptake of nonesterified fatty acids that are released in excess by adipose tissues attributable to negative energy balance. ...
Monte Maria J - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate changes in nuclear bile acids (BAs) during rat liver regeneration. METHODS: Nuclei were isolated from control rat livers and after two-thirds partial hepatectomy (PH). BAs in bile, liver homogenate and nuclei were measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Nuclear translocation of radiolabeled BAs was determined using fresh isolated ...
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