Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1317
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Agusa Tetsuro - - 2008
Total arsenic (As) and its compounds were determined in liver, kidney, muscle, and stomach contents of green turtles (Chelonia mydas). Total As concentrations in the muscle were higher than those in the kidney and liver. Arsenobetaine (AB) was the predominant compound in all the three tissues and its levels were ...
Curran Ivan - - 2008
Perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) is one of a class of industrial chemicals known as perfluoroalkyl acids, which have a wide variety of uses as surfactants and stain repellants. The presence of fluorochemical residues in human blood, plasma, or serum from sample populations worldwide is indicative of widespread human exposure. Previous studies demonstrated ...
Tipoe George L - - 2008
The variety of animal models used in the study of alcoholic liver disease reflects the formidable task of developing a model that replicates the human disease. We show that oral feeding of fatty acids derived from fish oil and ethanol induces fatty liver, necrosis, inflammation, and fibrosis. Together with the ...
Sokolović Milka - - 2008
The contribution of individual organs to the whole-body adaptive response to fasting has not been established. Hence, gene-expression profiling, pathway, network and gene-set enrichment analysis and immunohistochemistry were carried out on mouse liver after 0, 12, 24 and 72 hours of fasting. Liver wet weight had declined approximately 44, approximately ...
Huong Doan Thi Thanh - - 2008
Effects of dietary alpha-lipoic acid on hepatic and serum lipid concentrations and the activity and mRNA levels of lipogenic enzymes were examined in rats. Rats were fed experimental diets containing varying amounts of lipoic acid (0, 1, 2.5, 5 g/kg) for 21 d. Lipoic acid profoundly decreased serum and liver ...
Spadaro L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid omega-3 levels are decreased in the hepatic tissue of patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Polyunsaturated fatty acids are negative regulators of hepatic lipogenesis and attenuate the inflammatory response in mice. AIM: To investigate whether polyunsaturated fatty acid may be effective in the treatment of ...
Strauss Simon - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate interobserver and intraobserver variability in the sonographic assessment of the presence and severity of fatty liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the static images of 168 adult patients who had undergone abdominal sonography. Three experienced radiologists independently graded the hepatic ...
Yüce Abdurrauf - - 2007
Cisplatin is one of the most active cytotoxic agents in the treatment of cancer. High doses of cisplatin have also been known to produce hepatotoxicity, and several studies suggest that supplemental antioxidants can reduce cisplatin-induced hepatotoxicity. The present study was designed to determine the effects on the liver and heart ...
Devlin Angela M - - 2007
Alterations in lipid metabolism may play a role in the vascular pathology associated with hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy). Homocysteine is linked to lipid metabolism through the methionine cycle and the synthesis of phosphatidylcholine (PC) by phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) methyltransferase, which is responsible for the synthesis of 20-40% of liver PC. The goal of ...
Váli László - - 2008
Ischaemia and reperfusion are related to oxidative stress, which alters with the redox-homeostasis of the liver cells. Our aim was to reveal the correlations between changes of metal element and fatty acid concentration (two main components of redox-balance) and apoptotic and necrotic processes of hepatic ischaemia-reperfusion. Wistar rats were divided ...
García-Villafranca Javier - - 2008
The mechanisms by which ethanol consumption causes accumulation of hepatic triacylglycerols are complex. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) plays a central role in the regulation of lipid metabolism. Therefore, in the present study we investigated whether AMPK may have a role in the development of ethanol-induced fatty liver. Hepatocytes isolated from ...
Brouwers Martijn C G J - - 2007
The present study was conducted to investigate whether the fatty liver phenotype could be helpful in the identification of subgroups with distinct metabolic properties and lipid profiles within familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL). One hundred eighty-five FCHL family members participated in the current study; 38 subjects were found to be hypertriglyceridemic, ...
Nordstoga K - - 2007
In the familial form of hyperlipoproteinaemia type I of mink (Mustela vison), mesenteric lipogranulomas are common findings in longstanding cases. Patho-morphological studies of early stages indicated that these lipogranulomas arose from stagnant chyle. The composition of fatty acids of a newly formed mesenteric granuloma was determined, together with fatty acids ...
Puri Puneet - - 2007
The spectrum of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) includes a nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The specific types and amounts of lipids that accumulate in NAFLD are not fully defined. The free fatty acid (FFA), diacylglycerol (DAG), triacylglycerol (TAG), free cholesterol (FC), cholesterol ester, and phospholipid contents ...
Joshi-Barve Swati - - 2007
Obesity and the metabolic syndrome are closely correlated with hepatic steatosis. Simple hepatic steatosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease can progress to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which can be a precursor to more serious liver diseases, such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The pathogenic mechanisms underlying progression of steatosis to NASH ...
Koonen Debby P Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The etiology of type 2 diabetes often involves diet-induced obesity (DIO), which is associated with elevated plasma fatty acids and lipoprotein associated triglycerides. Since aberrant hepatic fatty acid uptake may contribute to this, we investigated whether increased expression of a fatty acid transport protein (CD36) in the liver during ...
Westerbacka Jukka - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to quantitate expression of genes possibly contributing to insulin resistance and fat deposition in the human liver. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 24 subjects who had varying amounts of histologically determined fat in the liver ranging from normal (n = 8) ...
Denechaud Pierre-Damien - - 2008
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is tightly associated with insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and obesity, but the molecular links between hepatic fat accumulation and insulin resistance are not fully identified. Excessive accumulation of triglycerides (TG) is one the main characteristics of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and fatty acids utilized for ...
Hyde Matthew J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Routine total parenteral nutrition (TPN) in neonatal care can result in hepatic dysfunction in 40-60% of patients, most commonly as fatty liver, but little work has been conducted on the underlying mechanisms causing hepatic dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: To use a piglet model for the premature human neonate on TPN, supplemented ...
Shi Chang - - 2007
An integrated metabonomics study using high-resolution (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has been applied to investigate the biochemical composition of urine, serum, liver tissue aqueous extracts (acetonitrile/water) and liver tissue lipidic extracts (chloroform/methanol) obtained from control and Bay41-4109 treated rats (10, 50, 400mg.kg(-1).d(-1) for 5 days, i.g.). Principal components ...
Pari L - - 2007
Caffeic acid is a well-known phenolic compound mainly present in plants. In this study, caffeic acid was evaluated for its protective effect against chronic ethanol-induced biochemical changes in male Wistar rats. Administration of ethanol (7.9 g/kg/day) for 45 days induced liver and kidney damage as manifested by a significant increase ...
Li John Zhong - - 2007
Our previous study suggests that Cidea, a member of Cide family proteins that share sequence homology with the DNA fragmentation factor and are expressed at high levels in brown adipose tissue, plays an important role in the development of obesity. Cideb, another member of Cide family protein, is highly expressed ...
Jenschke B E - - 2007
Beef knuckles (n = 60) were chosen from a population of 328 knuckles to test a selection procedure and determine the potential causes of liver-like off-flavor. In phase I, 2 independent panelists were allowed to smell the aromas or smell and taste samples of cooked beef to determine the presence ...
Saad-Hossne Rogério - - 2007
PURPOSE: To analyze, in vitro, the effects of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) and acetic acid solutions on VX2 carcinoma cells in the liver of rabbits with VX2 hepatic tumors; to determine the histolytic and anatomopathological characteristics of the solutions; and to evaluate the eventual biochemical and hepatic changes. METHODS: A total ...
Huang Jiansheng - - 2007
The orphan receptor Small Heterodimer Partner (SHP, NROB2) regulates metabolic pathways, including hepatic bile acid, lipid, and glucose homeostasis. We reported that SHP-deletion in leptin-deficient OB(-/-) mice increases insulin sensitivity, and prevents the development of fatty liver. The prevention of steatosis in OB(-/-)/SHP(-/-) double mutants is not due to decreased ...
Rosen Mitchell B - - 2007
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is a stable perfluoroalkyl acid used to synthesize fluoropolymers during the manufacture of a wide variety of products. Concerns have been raised over the potential health effects of PFOA because it is persistent in the environment and can be detected in blood and other tissues of many ...
Vidya S M - - 2007
The ethanol extract of C. serratum roots and ursolic acid isolated from it were evaluated for hepatoprotective activity against carbon tetrachloride induced toxicity in male Wistar strain rats. The parameters studied were estimation of liver function serum markers such as serum total bilirubin, total protein, alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase and ...
Zhang Wei V WV Pharmacogenomics and Drug Development Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2007
Hepatic lipid infiltration (steatosis) is a complication of the metabolic syndrome and can progress to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and severe liver injury. Microsomal cytochrome P450 (P450) drug oxidases are down-regulated in experimental steatosis. In this study we evaluated the separate and combined effects of lipid accumulation and P450 down-regulation on the ...
Degrace Pascal - - 2007
Rats with carnitine deficiency due to trimethylhydrazinium propionate (mildronate) administered at 80 mg/100 g body weight per day for 10 days developed liver steatosis only upon fasting. This study aimed to determine whether the transient steatosis resulted from triglyceride accumulation due to the amount of fatty acids preserved through impaired ...
Fonge Humphrey - - 2007
Hypericin monocarboxylic acid was synthesized in an overall yield of 25% in four steps and radiolabelled with iodine-123 in good yield (>75%). The resulting mono-[(123)I]iodohypericin monocarboxylic acid was evaluated in normal mice and in rats with ethanol induced liver necrosis. In this model, tracer concentration in necrotic liver tissue was ...
Ayo J - - 2007
The nutritional profile of a frankfurter with walnut (25%) (WF) was compared with that of low fat (6%) (LF) and normal fat (16%) (NF) sausages. LF frankfurters did not improve the fatty acid profile as compared with NF (p>0.05), or the indices of atherogenicity (IA) (0.50) or thrombogenicity (IT) (1.12), ...
Wallenborn J Grace - - 2007
Respirable ambient particulate matter (PM) exposure has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Direct translocation of PM-associated metals from the lungs into systemic circulation may be partly responsible. We measured elemental content of lungs, plasma, heart, and liver of healthy male WKY rats (12-15 weeks old) 4 ...
Liu Xue-Song - - 2007
Palladin was originally found up-regulated with NB4 cell differentiation induced by all-trans retinoic acid. Disruption of palladin results in neural tube closure defects, liver herniation, and embryonic lethality. Here we further report that Palld(-/-) embryos exhibit a significant defect in erythropoiesis characterized by a dramatic reduction in definitive erythrocytes derived ...
Ramesh Balakrishnan - - 2007
Umbelliferone (UMB), a natural antioxidant, is benzopyrone in nature, and it is present in the fruits of golden apple and bitter orange. Earlier we evaluated and reported the effect of Umbelliferone on antidiabetic, antioxidant and antihyperlipidemic properties, and this study was designed to evaluate the effect of Umbelliferone on membrane ...
Caputi Jambrenghi A - - 2007
Twenty-four lambs (Ovis aries) were used in a 45-day finishing study to evaluate the effects of feeding diets high in linoleic acid (C(18:2), omega-6) on liver lipid composition and on lipogenic enzyme activities in subcellular fractions of liver. Lambs were fed either a 5% safflower oil (SO, high linoleic acid) ...
Shawcross D L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is common in cirrhosis but its pathophysiologic basis remains undefined. We evaluated whether the presence of MHE was associated with severity of liver disease, ammonia levels or the presence of inflammation and assessed factors determining neuropsychological deterioration accompanying induction of hyperammonemia. METHODS: Eighty four cirrhotics ...
Guo Feifan - - 2007
Metabolic adaptation is required to cope with episodes of protein deprivation and malnutrition. GCN2 eIF2alpha kinase, a sensor of amino acid deficiency, plays a key role in yeast and mammals in modulating amino acid metabolism as part of adaptation to nutrient deprivation. The role of GCN2 in adaptation to long-term ...
Snider Natasha T - - 2007
The endocannabinoid anandamide is an arachidonic acid derivative that is found in most tissues where it acts as an important signaling mediator in neurological, immune, cardiovascular, and other functions. Cytochromes P450 (P450s) are known to oxidize arachidonic acid to the physiologically active molecules hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) and epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), ...
Mano Yuji - - 2007
Hepatocytes and liver microsomes are considered to be useful for investigating drug metabolism catalyzed mainly via glucuronidation. However, there have been few reports comparing the glucuronidation inhibition potentials of drug in hepatocytes to those in liver microsomes. 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT, zidovudine) glucuronidation (AZTG) is the major metabolic pathway for AZT. In ...
Canbay A - - 2007
As a key metabolic organ, the liver is central to the imbalance of high-caloric diets, and particularly dietary fat consumption, in the industrialized countries and their association with the increasing prevalence of morbid obesity. By interacting with the intestinal tract and adipose tissue, the liver plays a key role in ...
Van de Vijver Kristin Inneke - - 2007
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and other perfluorinated alkylated substances (PFAS) were determined in liver, kidney, muscle, brain, and blubber samples of 31 harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena relicta) of different age and sex stranded along the Ukrainian coast of the Black Sea. In all individuals and in all tissues, PFOS was the ...
Maull Kimball I - - 2007
It has been demonstrated by other investigators that central plasma clearance of amino acids accurately predicts hepatocyte function in patients with liver disease and correlates with clinical outcome. This methodology has not heretofore been studied in the trauma patient. It is our hypothesis that central amino acid clearance in trauma ...
Griffin Julian L - - 2007
Although fatty liver disease is caused by a number of toxicological insults and the metabolic syndrome, the exact mechanisms by which many of these pathophysiological stimulii induce fatty liver are unknown. The rapid and profound steatosis caused by orotic acid, resulting from an impairment in the production of ApoB, has ...
Tanaka Osamu - - 2006
A 68-year-old woman was admitted to the authors' hospital for hepatic encephalopathy. Her laboratory data and computed tomography findings were not suggestive of liver cirrhosis. Superior mesenteric angiography revealed an extrahepatic portal-systemic shunt with a main cause of hepatic encephalopathy. Despite treatment with branched-chain amino acid, lactulose, and kanamycin, hyperammonemia ...
Dabir Snehal - - 2006
The effect of proline, isoleucine, leucine, valine, lysine and ornithine under standard physiological conditions, on purified Vigna catjang cotyledon and buffalo liver arginases was studied. The results showed that V. catjang cotyledon arginase is inhibited by proline at a lower concentration than buffalo liver arginase and the inhibition was found ...
Gómez-Lechón María José - - 2007
The present study was designed to define an experimental model of hepatocellular steatosis with a fat overaccumulation profile in which the metabolic and cytotoxic/apoptotic effects could be separated. This was accomplished by defining the experimental conditions of lipid exposure that lead to significant intracellular fat accumulation in the absence of ...
Celik Sait - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of ubiquinone (coenzyme Q-10) on total lipid and fatty acid composition of liver tissues in rats. Twenty male wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups. The first group was used as a control. The second group received ubiquinone ...
Kalaitzakis Emmanouil - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate postsurgical outcome in dairy cows with left-displaced abomasum (LDA) with regard to severity of fatty liver and assess the usefulness of preoperative determination of serum ornithine carbamoyl transferase (OCT) activity, bile acids concentration, and other variables for evaluating liver function during the postsurgical convalescence period. DESIGN: Prospective ...
Weijian Feng - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the tissue coagulation and anticancer effects of hydrochloric acid compared with ethanol and acetic acid. To assess the in situ destructive effects and safety of CT mediated percutaneous hydrochloric acid injection therapy (PHAIT). METHODS: IC50 of gastric juice and 10% diluted hydrochloric acid against cancer cell lines ...
Shabalina Irina G - - 2006
In brown-fat mitochondria, fatty acids induce thermogenic uncoupling through activation of UCP1 (uncoupling protein 1). However, even in brown-fat mitochondria from UCP1-/- mice, fatty-acid-induced uncoupling exists. In the present investigation, we used the inhibitor CAtr (carboxyatractyloside) to examine the involvement of the ANT (adenine nucleotide translocator) in the mediation of ...
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