Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1320
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Mizuguchi H - - 1996
Metabolic changes induced by p-chlorophenoxyisobutyric acid (clofibric acid) in hepatic phosphatidylethanolamine (PtdEtn) were studied. The treatment of rats with clofibric acid increased the hepatic concentrations of phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho), PtdEtn and phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns), but not phosphatidylserine (PtdSer). Among the phospholipids, the extent of increase of PtdEtn was the most prominent (1.91-fold ...
Zakharyan R A - - 1996
The methylation of inorganic arsenic to monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) have been generally considered to be the major pathway for inorganic arsenic biotransformation and detoxification. Yet, when arsenate/arsenite is injected into the Callithrix jacchus (marmoset) monkey or chimpanzee, monomethylarsonic acid and dimethylarsinic acid are not found in ...
Huizenga J R - - 1996
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is associated with elevated arterial ammonia levels. The relationship is variable, in part due to ammonia methodology. One method, based on the indophenol reaction (IPh), is interfered with a number of amino acids including all aromatic amino acids. We have determined arterial ammonia simultaneously with the Blood ...
Toborek M - - 1996
The liver is especially susceptible to the toxic effects of methionine due to its role in sulfur amino acid metabolism. Therefore, the excessive amounts of this amino acid may induce liver damage. To test the mechanisms of methionine-related hepatotoxicity, liver thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), and activities of superoxide dismutase, ...
Babu S R - - 1996
Glucuronide conjugates of arylamines are thought to be important in the carcinogenic process. This study investigated the pH stability and synthesis of glucuronide conjugates of 4-aminobiphenyl and its N-hydroxy metabolites by human and dog liver. Both dog and human liver slices incubated with 0.06 mM [3H]-4-aminobiphenyl produced the N-glucuronide of ...
García Rodríguez L A - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid combination-associated hepatitis and jaundice was first identified in 1988. Numerous case reports and case series have been published since then, but there is no precise estimate of this risk. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study in the United Kingdom to estimate the risk of acute liver injury associated ...
Pereira M A - - 1996
The concentration-response relationships for the hepatocarcinogenic activity of dichloroacetic acid2 (DCA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCA), two contaminants of finished drinking water, were determined in female B6C3F1 mice. Dicholoracetic acid or trichloroacetic acid at 2.0, 6.67, or 20.0 mmol/liter was administered to the mice in the drinking water starting at 7 ...
Blemings K P - - 1996
The effect of recombinant bovine somatotropin (rbST) on hepatic amino acid catabolism in female rats was investigated. Daily injections of rbST for 5 d decreased liver homogenate lysine alpha-ketoglutarate reductase (EC 1.5.1.8) activity (P < 0.05) and liver homogenate lysine oxidation (P < 0.05) approximately 35%. Liver homogenate methionine and ...
Zeldin D C - - 1996
Human liver microsomal fractions metabolized arachidonic acid in the presence of NADPH yielding epoxyeicosatrienoic acids and their hydration products, dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids, as the principal reaction products. Inhibition studies using polyclonal antibodies prepared against recombinant CYP2C8, an abundant human liver cytochrome P450 epoxygenase, demonstrated 85-90% inhibition of arachidonic acid epoxide formation. ...
Yamamoto K - - 1996
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of dietary fenofibrate (0.05% in the diet) on ketone body production and lipid secretion in isolated perfused rat liver. Feeding with fenofibrate for 7-9 days caused an increased liver weight. Ketone body production was significantly greater in the livers perfused ...
Barle H - - 1996
The concentrations of the free amino acids in individual tissues gives information concerning amino acid, energy and protein metabolism. In muscle and intestinal mucosa, different metabolic states are distinctly characterized by an altered free amino acid pattern. Furthermore, the patterns are quite different in individual tissues. So far, liver tissue ...
Yang D - - 1996
In human and primate liver, phenylacetate and glutamine form phenylacetylglutamine, which is excreted in urine. Probing noninvasively the labeling pattern of liver citric acid cycle intermediates with phenylacetylglutamine assumes that the labeling pattern of its glutamine moiety reflects that of liver alpha-ketoglutarate. To validate this probe, we infused monkeys with ...
Derbel M - - 1996
Differences in the ability of metabolically inert peroxisome proliferators [perfluoro-n-decanoic acid (PFDA, C10), perfluoro-n-octanoic acid (PFOA, C8), perflorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS, C8) and 1H,1H-pentadecafluoro-n-octanol (PFOL, C8)] to induce liver microsomal carboxylesterase RL4 in male rats were studied by evaluating changes in the RL4 content by immunoblot analysis with a specific ...
Liu Y Q - - 1996
The glucose-stimulated rise in Fru-2,6-P2 in liver results from xylulose 5-P activation of a specific protein phosphatase 2A which dephosphorylates Fru-6-P,2-kinase:Fru-2,6-bisphosphatase (Nishimura, M., and Uyeda, K. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 26100-26106). In order to determine the role of xylulose 5-P in regulating Fru-2, 6-P2 in liver, the effect of ...
Sumathi R - - 1996
Cadmium, a divalent metal toxicant, preferentially localizes in hepatocytes and causes liver injury. DL alpha-lipoic acid is a dithiol which is effective in rendering protection against cadmium-associated liver damage, by virtue of its two sulfhydryl moieties. Lipoate was administered to cadmium-exposed rats which were either prior administered with buthionine sulfoximine ...
Boucher J L - - 1996
The primary metabolites of a series of unsaturated lauric acid analogs (8-, 9-, 10-, and 11-dodecenoic acids) used as radiolabeled substrates for rat liver microsomes were quantitated by TLC and reverse phase-HPLC analysis, and identified by chemical derivation and GC/MS. Isomeric epoxidodecanoic acids and omega- and (omega-1)-monohydroxydodecenoic acids were essentially ...
Letcher R J - - 1996
Contamination of the Arctic ecosystem by anthropogenic compounds has resulted in exposure of polar bear (Ursus maritimus) to lipophilic chlorinated hydrocarbon contaminants (CHCs) accumulated through the marine food web. Liver samples were collected from 16 adult male polar bears in the Canadian arctic and subjected to chemical analysis for CHCs ...
Amerkhanov Z G - - 1996
Oxygen consumption and transmembrane electrical potential difference in liver mitochondria from hibernating, arousing and active ground squirrels have been compared. It is found that arousal from hibernation is accompanied by uncoupling which is mediated by two different mechanisms, one sensitive to cyclosporin A and the other suppressed by carboxyatractylate. Both ...
Beskid M - - 1996
Liver cells of rat's offspring were ultrastructurally examined after administering quinolinic acid to mothers intraperitoneally in a dose of 60 mmol or 100 mmol, once daily, throughout the entire gestation period. Liver tissue specimens were taken on day 5 after birth from experimental and control animals. Administration of quinolinic acid ...
Portugal V - - 1996
Hepatic ischemia hinders the proliferative response of hepatocytes, necessary to restore the liver/body ratio after liver resection/transplantation. Folinic acid administered during the ischemic period following 70% hepatectomy plus 15 min of normothermic liver ischemia has restored the regenerative response to the levels of normoperfused livers. This unexpected finding has guided ...
Ho C C - - 1996
N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity was determined in 100 frog (Rana tigrina) livers using 2-aminofluorene and p-aminobenzoic acid as substrates. Overall, the liver NAT activity of the 50 females was higher than the liver NAT activity of the 50 males. The activities (mean +/- SD) of NAT from the bladder, blood, colon, ...
Vom Dahl S - - 1996
Recent work indicates that cell volume is an important regulator of proteolysis in liver. The antiproteolytic effects of insulin and some amino acids (e.g., glutamine and glycine) are mediated by increases in cell volume. The purpose of the present study was to assess the role of nutritional state in the ...
Shiraishi K - - 1996
It has been proven that the fatty acids of esterified phospholipids in the cell membrane play an important role in membrane fluidity. Our previous in vitro experiment indicated that the impairment of erythrocyte membrane fluidity might be largely because of the change in fatty acids. The aim of this study ...
de Blaauw I - - 1996
During starvation, splanchnic organs are proportionally more affected by protein loss than other organs. Amino acid membrane transport is one of the regulating mechanisms of protein turnover, but until now in vivo data were lacking. To study in vivo phenylalanine and tyrosine membrane transport and protein turnover in splanchnic organs, ...
Yamamoto K - - 1996
The effects of emeriamine, a fungal metabolite and a potent inhibitor of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation, on ketogenesis and lipid secretion were examined in isolated perfused livers from 2-day-fasted rats. Liver perfusion with increasing concentrations of emeriamine up to 3 mumol caused a dose-dependent inhibition of ketone body production. The ...
Aleryani S - - 1996
Fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE), esterification products of ethanol and fatty acids, have been implicated as mediators of ethanol-induced organ damage. Because cytosolic enzymes such as aspartate aminotransferase, lipase, and amylase appear in the blood after liver or pancreatic damage, we hypothesized that FAEE synthase, which is both cytosolic and ...
Włodek L B - - 1996
Thiazolidine derivatives (TD), prodrugs of L-cysteine (cys), synthesized by the condensation of cys with formaldehyde (thiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid-CF), acetaldehyde (2-methyl-thiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid-CA) and pyruvate (2-methylthiazolidine-2,4-dicarboxylic acid-CP), as well as amino acids thiocystine (T-cys) and cys, but not methionine (met) and S2O3(-2), successfully elevated non-protein sulfhydryl (NPSH) levels in livers of Ehrlich ascites ...
Schoenfeld N - - 1996
Urinary porphyrins and their metabolites aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and porphobilinogen (PBG) were determined in 15 normal volunteers and in 45 alcoholics, subdivided into three groups according to their liver function tests and histology: alcoholics exhibiting no evidence of hepatocellular damage; alcoholics with fatty liver and impaired function of liver enzymes; ...
Gabarrou J F - - 1996
Hepatic and plasma lipid changes were investigated in hybrid ducks after steatosis was induced by overfeeding. Fourteen hybrid ducks were force-fed (11 kg corn in 13 days). The liver of the overfed ducks weighed ten times more than that of controls (695 vs 69 g). The phospholipid, ash, water and ...
Alexeyeva I N - - 1996
The effect of chenodeoxycholic acid on liver monooxygenase system, lipid peroxidation, lymphocyte proliferation, and immune complexes formation was studied in carbontetrachloride-treated rats. Chenodeoxycholic acid increased the content of both cytochrome P-450 and cytochrome b5 and the rate of aminopyrine N-demethylation in liver microsomal fractions. It also normalized lipid peroxidation in ...
Royer I - - 1996
The metabolism of docetaxel by human liver microsomes was investigated in vitro and compared with that of paclitaxel. A main docetaxel metabolite was generated by human liver microsomes in the presence of NADPH: retention time in high pressure liquid chromatography and its ion fragmentation in mass spectrometry were identical to ...
Desantiago S - - 1996
Transamination reaction is the first step in the catabolism of most of the L-amino acids. Alanine is an important molecule in the inter-organ nitrogen transport, conveying them from muscle to the liver. Amino groups from this amino acid are generally first transferred to alpha-ketoglutarate in the cytosol of liver cells ...
Geraci J P - - 1996
The hypothesis that hepatic fibrosis is preceded by inflammation and formation of prostanoids from arachidonic acid liberated from damaged cell membranes was investigated. Liver slices were prepared using a Krumdieck precision tissue slicer from sham-irradiated rats or from rats whose livers had been irradiated with 25 Gy 137Cs gamma rays ...
Lai H S - - 1995
Many authors agree that alteration of the energy substrate from glucose to free fatty acid occurs during the early stage after partial hepatectomy. An accelerative effect of carnitine on the early phase of liver regeneration was suggested in several reports, but much controversy prevails. Using male Wistar rats weighing about ...
Morimoto M - - 1995
The objective of this study was to determine if ethanol-induced cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) was responsible for the changes in hepatic fatty acids observed in rats fed ethanol intragastrically. We hypothesized that if CYP2E1 was responsible for these changes then CYP2E1 inhibitors fed with ethanol should prevent the ethanol-induced changes ...
Amet Y - - 1995
The (omega-1)-hydroxylation of lauric acid (11-OH-LA), a model substrate of fatty acids, was previously shown to be due to CYP2E1 in rat liver microsomes. The present study examined changes in hepatic CYP2E1 content and 11-OH-LA in a panel of 29 human liver microsomes. The 11-OH-LA activity was strongly correlated with ...
Pichard L - - 1995
The aim of this study was to identify the form(s) of cytochrome P450 (CYP) responsible for the biotransformation of zolpidem to its alcohol derivatives which, after rapid conversion to carboxylic acids, represents the main way of metabolism in humans. In human liver microsomes, zolpidem was converted to alcohol derivatives. Production ...
Furutani M - - 1995
We isolated a cDNA clone, kan-1, from a rat liver cDNA library using a reverse transcriptase PCR cloning method. The kan-1 cDNA encoded a polypeptide of 420 amino acids, and was 70 and 69% identical in nucleotide and amino acid sequences respectively with human liver bile acid-CoA-amino acid N-acyltransferase (BAT). ...
Cardozo C - - 1995
Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and high performance liquid chromatography of multicatalytic proteinase complexes (MPC) isolated from bovine pituitary, lung, and liver showed marked differences in the pattern of subunits. The concentrations of LMP7 in the lung and liver were 10 and 5 times, respectively, greater than those in the pituitary, whereas ...
Ekberg K - - 1995
In order to examine metabolic zonation in human liver, [2-14C]glycerol, which labels carbons 2 and 5 of glucose-6-P, and [1-14C]lactate, which labels carbons 3 and 4 of glucose-6-P, in the process of gluconeogenesis, were infused intravenously into healthy subjects who ingested acetaminophen and had fasted 36 h. Distributions of 14C ...
Brand H S - - 1995
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent reports in the literature suggest that liver cell swelling following amino acid influx exerts anabolic and anti-catabolic effects. We have tested the possibility that rapid liver growth after partial hepatectomy is promoted by an increased amino acid-influx and that this is associated with an increased hepatic water content ...
Bloomer J C - - 1995
1. Caffeine N3-demethylation, the major pathway of caffeine metabolism in man, is mediated by P4501A2. The carbon of the methyl group lost during N3-demethylation is eliminated as carbon dioxide in vivo, or as formaldehyde and formic acid in vitro. 2. A simple and sensitive assay was developed to quantify the ...
Semple H A - - 1995
Propranolol (PL) bioavailability has been shown to increase substantially when it is administered with a protein-rich meal. A change in metabolic capacity or tissue uptake, induced by amino acids (AAs) released as a result of digestion of dietary protein, is a possible contributing mechanism to the food effect. This hypothesis ...
Shin C S - - 1995
Alterations of fatty acid composition have been observed in a number of tissues in both experimental and human diabetes. Suppression of delta 6 desaturase in the liver, a key enzyme of fatty acid desaturation, has been reported to be responsible for these phenomena. We measured the fatty acid composition of ...
Zhang T M - - 1995
The hydrolysis of the dimethyl ester of [1,4-14C]succinic acid and/or [2,3-14C]succinic acid was measured in homogenates of rat pancreatic islets, liver, jejunum, brain, BC3H1 mouse myocytes, NG108-19 mouse neuroblastoma x rat glioma hybrid cells, and Caco-2 human colon adenocarcinoma cells. The specific activity of the enzyme was much higher in ...
Szkudlinski M W - - 1995
The recombinant human TSH (rhTSH) with highly sialylated oligosaccharide chains showed higher in vivo bioactivity and a lower MCR than the predominantly sulfated pituitary human TSH (phTSH). The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of terminal carbohydrate residues in organ distribution and metabolic clearance of TSH ...
Arano Y - - 1995
We have recently reported that the behavior of radiolabeled metabolites in the liver appears to be responsible for the hepatic radioactivity levels after administration of protein radiopharmaceuticals. To better understand the role played by radiolabeled metabolites in hepatic radioactivity levels, two benzyl-EDTA derivatives rendering different radiolabeled metabolites, 1-(4-isothiocyanatobenzyl)ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (SCN-Bz-EDTA) ...
Hirono H - - 1995
X-linked liver glycogenosis (XLG) due to liver phosphorylase kinase (PHK) deficiency is the most frequent liver glycogen storage disease. The affected patients present in early childhood with hepatomegaly and growth retardation. We isolated and determined the structure of human liver alpha subunit of PHK (PHKA2) cDNA. The 3705 base pair ...
Larsson-Backström C - - 1995
The effects of dietary treatment for 3 weeks with soybean oil, linseed- and safflower oil (high alpha-linolenic acid, ALA), or borage oil (high gamma-linolenic acid, GLA) on the liver fatty acid profile and lipid metabolism in fed rats, in normal fasted rats, and septic fasted rats, and on survival from ...
Lobley G E - - 1995
The effects of either low (25 mumol/min) or high (235 mumol/min) infusion of NH4Cl into the mesenteric vein for 5 d were determined on O2 consumption plus urea and amino acid transfers across the portal-drained viscera (PDV) and liver of young sheep. Kinetic transfers were followed by use of 15NH4Cl ...
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