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Results 451 - 500 of 1317
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Yamamura N - - 1999
Radiopharmaceuticals which reflect beta-oxidation in hepatocytes will provide useful information on the prognosis after surgery or on the efficacy of treatment, since beta-oxidation is the main pathway responsible for adenosine triphosphate in hepatocytes. We have previously developed [1-11C]octanoate as a diagnostic agent for determination of hepatic viability by means of ...
Guitart R - - 1999
The fatty acid composition of total lipids extracted from seven different tissues (fat, liver, cerebrum, cerebellum, lung, kidney and muscle) of 10 striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) (weight 75.7 +/- 16.2 kg) found dead or moribund during a morbillivirus epizootic, and from two tissues (fat and liver) of 54 loggerhead turtles ...
Matsusue K - - 1999
The effect of 3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PenCB) on the synthesis of unsaturated fatty acids was studied in male Wistar rats. The arachidonic acid (20:4) content in the total lipids of liver homogenates was significantly reduced on day 5 of PenCB administration, while those of linoleic acid (18:2) and bishomo-gamma-linolenic acid (20:3) were ...
Ahmed S - - 1999
Nickel, a major environmental pollutant is known for its clastogenic, toxic and carcinogenic potentials. The present investigation shows that ellagic acid proves to be exceptional in the amelioration of the nickel-induced biochemical alterations in serum, liver and kidney. Administration of nickel (250 micromol Ni/kg body wt) to female Wistar rats, ...
Oriani G - - 1999
The effects of intramuscularly administrated vitamin E on total lipids, fatty acid profile, and lipid stability to oxidation was investigated in lamb liver. Twenty-four 5-day-old lambs were allotted to 4 groups of 6 each and given respectively 0 (control), 125, 200, 300 mg dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate weekly from day 5 to ...
Holecek M - - 1999
The survival of patients after a life-threatening hepatic injury of varying etiology depends on the ability of the remaining hepatocytes to regenerate. Thus, the stimulation of hepatic regeneration can have tremendous therapeutic relevance. Experimental studies--performed mostly on a model of regenerating rat liver after partial hepatectomy--indicate that glucose administration inhibits, ...
Peebles E D - - 1999
Developmental relationships between yolk, embryo body, and embryo liver compositions during incubation were determined in two trials. In Trial 1, embryo body moisture, fat, and CP contents and embryo liver moisture and fat contents were determined. In Trial 2, relative yolk weights, moisture, fat, and fatty acid contents, relative wet ...
Cazeils J L - - 1999
Twelve-week-old Landes male geese were overfed with corn for 21 d in order to induce liver steatosis (fatty liver). Lipid composition of hepatocyte plasma membranes from fatty livers was compared to that of lean livers obtained from geese fed a normal diet. The ratio cholesterol/phospholipids was higher in fatty hepatocyte ...
Katayama T - - 1999
Until recently, most published reports on phytic acid (myo-inositol hexaphosphoric acid, IP6) have focused on the possible decreased mineral bioavailability. Because myo-inositol is known to function as a lipotropic factor, studies in my laboratory were conducted to investigate whether dietary IP6 also reduces excessive liver lipids. Male Wistar rats were ...
Yamamura N - - 1999
Beta-oxidation is the most important pathway to provide energy for the liver. Our recent findings indicated that radiolabeled medium chain fatty acid analogs could be used as radiopharmaceuticals in the liver, allowing us to monitor alterations in energy metabolism on the cellular level. In the present study, pharmacokinetical analysis of ...
Markowitz J S - - 1999
Methylphenidate is the most commonly prescribed psychostimulant in clinical use today. Known methylphenidate metabolites include ritalinic acid, corresponding lactams, and p-hydroxymethylphenidate. Recent in vitro work using rat liver preparations has indicated that the methylphenidate ethyl ester, ethylphenidate, is formed upon incubation with ethanol. This report describes the first detection of ...
Fukuda N - - 1999
To estimate the relative significance of exogenous and endogenous fatty acid substrates in decreasing hepatic triacylglycerol secretion after sesamin feeding, livers from rats fed diets supplemented with and without sesamin (sesamin: episesamin, 1:1, w/w) were perfused in the presence and absence of an exogenous di-trans isomer of linoleic acid (linolelaidic ...
Bois-Joyeux B - - 1999
Alpha-foetoprotein (AFP), the major plasma protein in the foetus, is mainly synthesized by yolk sac and foetal liver. It binds polyunsaturated fatty acids and probably controls their metabolism and action. We investigated the effects of fatty acids and fibrates on expression of the AFP gene using two complementary approaches. Treatment ...
Yamamura N - - 1999
External imaging of energy production activity of living cells with 99mTc-labeled compounds is a challenging task requiring good design of 99mTc-radiopharmaceuticals. On the basis of our recent findings that 11C- and 123I-labeled medium-chain fatty acids are useful for measuring beta-oxidation activity of hepatocytes, we focused on development of 99mTc-labeled medium-chain ...
Muzio G - - 1999
In previous studies, we reported that fasting/refeeding has a role in sustaining the initiation of liver cancer by a subnecrogenic (noninitiating) dose of diethylnitrosamine (DENA). This research investigated whether the metabolic alterations imposed by fasting/refeeding provide an imbalance between the generation of carcinogenic molecules and the scavenger defense mechanisms in ...
Mizuguchi H - - 1999
Metabolic changes induced by 2,2'-(decamethylenedithio)diethanol (tiadenol) and di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) in the biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PtdEtn) in rat liver were compared with changes induced by p-chlorophenoxyisobutyric acid (clofibric acid). Treatment of rats with either tiadenol or DEHP increased the hepatic contents of PtdCho and PtdEtn, as was observed ...
Rylova S N - - 1999
The relative content of phosphatidylcholine is lower and that of sphingomyelin is higher in transplantable fast growing mouse hepatoma-22, thus decreasing their ratio approximately 2.5-fold versus normal liver. The ceramide content and the neutral sphingomyelinase activity is markedly higher (3- and 6.5-fold, respectively), whereas the acid sphingomyelinase activity is 4-fold ...
Peng S X - - 1999
A gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) method was developed for the analysis of hydroxylamine (HA) in supernatants obtained from liver microsomes. HA monitoring was used to determine the metabolic hydrolysis of two hydroxamic acid-based matrix metalloprotease inhibitors in rat and human liver microsomes. The hydrolysis of the hydroxamic acids to their ...
Masumi S - - 1999
Female Sprague-Dawley rats were given 0.03% thioacetamide (TAA) in their drinking water daily for 4 or 12 weeks, and were then given normal water for 4 weeks after the end of a 12-week TAA treatment to investigate amino acid metabolism. In the malnourished precirrhotic stage (stage 1) and the malnourished ...
Sabourault C - - 1999
Microsomal cytochrome P450-dependent lauric acid hydroxylase activities were characterized in liver, kidney, and intestinal mucosa of the sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Microsomes from these organs generated (omega-1)-hydroxylauric acid and a mixture of positional isomers including (omega)-, (omega-2)-, (omega-3)- and (omega-4)-hydroxylauric acids, which were identified by RP-HPLC and GC-MS analysis. Peroxisome ...
Schön M R - - 1999
In fulminant hepatic failure (FHF), the development of hepatic encephalopathy is associated with grossly abnormal concentrations of plasma amino acids (PAA). Normalization of the ratio of branched-chain amino acids to aromatic amino acids (Fischer's ratio) correlates with clinical improvement. This study evaluated changes in PAA metabolism during 4 h of ...
Nagamura Y - - 1999
Tryptophan administration aggravates experimental mouse liver injury caused by carbon tetrachloride when 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid concentration elevates in serum. Tryptophan metabolism is changed by macrophages in injured liver. 3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid may be oxidized to cinnabarinic acid by injured mitochondria in the liver aggravating the state of injured liver. Mitochondria prepared from ...
Shultz V D - - 1999
TA1 is a rat liver oncofetal cDNA and a member of an emerging family of evolutionarily conserved molecules with homology to amino acid transporters and permeases. The aim of these studies was to characterize the regulation and role of TA1 in acute rat liver injury by examining its relation to ...
v Frankenberg M - - 1999
There are too few reliable markers by which one can predict future function of a liver before implantation. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that amino acids in rinse-effluents could predict transplant outcome in marginal fatty livers from rats. Amino acids were measured in the ...
Ghebremeskel K - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Maternal dietary fats alter tissue fatty acids of the fetus and suckling pups. However, the possible change in tissue composition in response to the high oxygen tension extrauterine milieu independent of diet is not well understood. METHODS: We have compared the fatty acids of heart and liver choline (CPG) ...
Weinstein R - - 1999
Phytanic acid storage disease (known also as Refsum's Disease) is caused by inherited defects in the metabolic pathway for phytanic acid, a dietary branched-chain fatty acid. Poorly metabolized phytanic acid accumulates in fatty tissues, including myelin sheaths, and in organs including the liver and kidneys. Over time, affected individuals may ...
Ito A - - 1999
The intestine is now known to be an important site of protein production in the body, and glutamine (GLN) stimulates both secreted and non-secreted protein synthesis in the small bowel. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of GLN-supplemented parenteral nutrition on liver regeneration after hepatectomy. ...
Loubières Y - - 1999
We report a 35-year-old woman who developed severe acidosis, massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage, acute renal failure, and hepatic injury following ingestion of chromic acid (50 mL) and died 12 hours after ingestion. Postmortem liver biopsy revealed a fatty degeneration with chromium concentration 3.6 mumol/g. The kidney, with chromium concentration 2.6 mumol/g, ...
Shimomura I - - 1998
Previous studies have shown that the rate of fatty acid synthesis is elevated by more than 20-fold in livers of transgenic mice that express truncated nuclear forms of sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs). This was explained in part by an increase in the levels of mRNA for the two major ...
Kudo N - - 1998
A method for the determination of tissue perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCA) was developed using gas-liquid chromatography with an electron capture detector (ECD). Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA) were efficiently extracted from rat liver, methylated with diazomethane, and separated on GLC. Internal standards that were added to ...
Lopez C H - - 1998
The following aspects were investigated in the present work: (a) the action of flufenamic acid on hepatic metabolism (oxygen uptake, glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, uricogenesis and glycogenolysis), (b) the action of flufenamic acid on the cellular adenine nucleotide levels, and (c) the transport and distribution space of flufenamic acid in the liver ...
Prasad R - - 1998
A novel copper-binding protein was identified in the liver supernatant (100,000 x g) of Indian childhood cirrhosis (ICC), purified to apparent homogeneity and characterized [corrected]. Purified major copper-binding protein (MCuBP) is solely responsible for binding about 35% of the total supernatant copper. Elution profile of ICC liver supernatant on Sephadex ...
Ozanne S E - - 1998
Numerous studies show an association between poor fetal growth and adult insulin resistance. Recent studies have shown relation between the long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid composition of skeletal muscle membranes and insulin sensitivity. More detailed analysis has indicated that the activity of delta5 desaturase is inversely correlated to insulin resistance. ...
Rehnmark S - - 1998
Fatty liver dystrophy ( fld) is an autosomal recessive mutation in mice characterized by hypertriglyceridemia and fatty liver during neonatal development. The fatty liver in fld/fld mice spontaneously resolves between the age of 14-18 days, at which point the animals develop a neuropathy associated with abnormal myelin formation in peripheral ...
Burt A D - - 1998
Steatosis--accumulation of triacylglycerol in hepatocytes--is a common finding in liver biopsy specimens. The commonest form is macrovesicular change, which occurs in response to a wide range of insults. In the absence of other features, the pathologist cannot ascertain the likely cause on morphological features alone but can give an indication ...
Hutchison T L - - 1998
Carnitine palmitoyltransferases 1 and 2 (CPT-1 and CPT-2) catalyze the transfer of long chain fatty acids between carnitine and coenzyme A. Unlike CPT-2, CPT-1 exists in at least two isoforms with different physical and kinetic properties. Liver and skeletal muscle each contain a different isoform of CPT-1. Cardiac muscle contains ...
Fukuda N - - 1998
The effects of dietary sesamin (a mixture of sesamin and episesamin, 1:1, w/w) on ketone body production and lipid secretion were studied in isolated perfused liver from rats given sesamin. Feeding sesamin at the dietary level of 0.2% from 14 to 16 d resulted in an enlargement of liver weight. ...
Brix G - - 1998
PURPOSE: To assess the extra- and intracellular uptake of the anticancer drug fluorouracil and its major catabolite alpha-fluoro-beta-alanine (FBAL) at gadolinium-enhanced fluorine-19 magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The relative fluorouracil and FBAL F-19 signal intensity increases due to extracellular and hepatobiliary paramagnetic contrast media were evaluated in ACI ...
Yasuda S - - 1998
Mice, at weaning, were placed on a diet supplemented with beef tallow (BT), linoleic acid (18: 2n-6)-rich safflower oil (SO), alpha-linolenic acid (18: 3n-3)-rich perilla oil (PO) or docosahexaenoic acid (22: 6n-3, DHA)-rich fish oil (FO) to modify membrane fatty acid vulnerability to peroxidation, then carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) was administered ...
Clarke T D - - 1998
Copper ferrocyanide can be immobilized on Chelex-20, a technical grade chelating resin, for selective removal of cesium from neutral to acidic solutions. The immobilized copper ferrocyanide is much easier to handle than the copper ferrocyanide powder in extraction and separation of cesium from aqueous solutions. In the presence of a ...
Haaz M C - - 1998
Irinotecan [7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]carbonyloxycamptothecine++ +] is a water-soluble analogue of camptothecine used in the second-line treatment of advanced colon cancer. Recently, we identified, in the plasma of patients and in human liver microsomal incubations, the presence of a new metabolite of irinotecan, 7-ethyl-10-(4-amino-1-piperidino)carbonyloxycamptothecine (NPC), which is produced by cleavage of the distal ...
Fisher M B - - 1998
The mechanism of formation of the in-chain, unsaturated fatty acid metabolite, Delta3-valproic acid (Delta3-VPA) by rat liver microsomes was examined. Microsomal rates of formation of Delta3-VPA were below quantifiable limits in reactions catalyzed by control female rat liver microsomes, but were induced more than 20-fold following pretreatment with triacetyloleandomycin and ...
Fukuda N - - 1998
To estimate the relative significance of exogenous vs. endogenous fatty acids in increasing hepatic triacylglycerol secretion following an inhibition of fatty acid oxidation by emeriamine, livers from 2-d-fasting rats were perfused with or without an inhibitor in the presence of a geometrical isomer of linoleate (linolelaidic acid, trans,trans-9,12-octadecadienoic acid). Emeriamine ...
Ladrière L - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Selected esters of succinic acid were recently proposed as novel nutrients to support ATP generation in cells endangered by an imbalance between the formation and breakdown of this adenine nucleotide. In the present study, a new ester, glycerol-1,2,3-trimethylsuccinate, was examined for its potential beneficial effect in the procedures preceding ...
Shattuck K E - - 1998
BACKGROUND: N-acetylcysteine (NAC) may protect against oxidative injury by providing cysteine for glutathione (GSH) biosynthesis or by direct reactions with electrophiles. We have recently shown that hyperoxic exposure of rats prior to liver perfusion is associated with significant decreases in hepatic GSH and significant changes in biliary amino acid concentrations. ...
Johnston R J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether liver-minus-spleen (L-S) attenuation differences can accurately diagnose fatty infiltration of the liver on contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT). METHODS: A group of 78 patients administered a fast injection (90-s duration) of 150 mL 60% ionic contrast was compared with 81 patients given a slow injection (152.5 s). ...
Daniel G B - - 1998
Extraction of the hepatobiliary radiopharmaceutical 99mTc-N-(3-bromo-2,4,6-trimethyacetanilide) iminodiacetic acid (mebrofenin; Choletec, Squibb Diagnostic, Princeton, NJ) by the liver may be used as an index of hepatocellular function. The hepatic parenchymal cells extract mebrofenin from the blood using the same active transport mechanism as bilirubin. METHODS: In this study, we induced hepatocellular ...
Denda A - - 1998
Effects of inhibitors of arachidonic acid (AA) cascade on the development of fatty liver, cirrhosis, glutathione S-transferase placental form (GST-P)-positive preneoplastic nodules, neoplastic nodules and generation of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), caused by a choline-deficient, L-amino acid-defined (CDAA) diet, were examined in Fischer 344 male rats by feeding CDAA diet supplemented with ...
Adas F - - 1998
In vitro techniques have been used to investigate the nature of microsomal cytochrome P450 involved in the metabolism of oleic acid, a physiological monounsaturated fatty acid. Like lauric acid, which is currently used as a model substrate of fatty acid metabolism, the alkyl chain of oleic acid is hydroxylated on ...
Rodríguez-Bayona B - - 1998
During chronic metabolic acidosis, the degradation of protein and amino acids reportedly increases. Branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complex (BCKDH) relates amino-acid catabolism and mitochondrial-energy metabolism. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of acidosis on the activity of liver BCKDH, the key regulatory enzyme in the catabolism of branched-chain ...
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