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Carr A L - - 2012
Carbon dioxide (CO(2) ), 1-octen-3-ol, acetone, ammonium hydroxide, L-lactic-acid, dimethyl trisulphide and isobutyric acid were tested as attractants for two tick species, Amblyomma americanum and Dermacentor variabilis (Acari: Ixodidae), in dose-response bioassays using Y-tube olfactometers. Only CO(2) , acetone, 1-octen-3-ol and ammonium hydroxide elicited significant preferences from adult A. americanum, ...
Rupp Heinz - - 2011
The causes of reduced levels of omega-3 and omega-6 highly unsaturated fatty acids ("HUFA deficiency") in heart failure remain unresolved. HUFA profiles were examined in the serum of 331 patients with failing versus nonfailing heart disease. Arachidonic acid was positively correlated (P < 0.001) with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) (r = 0.40) ...
Riquelme Cecilia A CA Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, - - 2011
Burmese pythons display a marked increase in heart mass after a large meal. We investigated the molecular mechanisms of this physiological heart growth with the goal of applying this knowledge to the mammalian heart. We found that heart growth in pythons is characterized by myocyte hypertrophy in the absence of ...
Tyburczy Cynthia C Division of Nutritional Sciences, B38 Savage Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2011
This study determined the sensitivity of heart and brain arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) to the dietary ARA level in a dose-response design with constant, high DHA in neonatal piglets. On day 3 of age, pigs were assigned to 1 of 6 dietary formulas varying in ARA/DHA as ...
Wollina Uwe - - 2011
Fumaric acid esters (FAE) are substances of interest in dermatology. FAE exert various activities on cutaneous cells and cytokine networks. So far only a mixture of dimethylfumarate (DMF) and three salts of monoethylfumarate (MEF) have gained approval for the oral treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque-type psoriasis in Germany. DMF seems to ...
Dehelean Cristina A - - 2011
Betulinic acid (3beta, hydroxy-lup-20(29)-en-28-oic acid, BA), a pentacyclic triterpenoid, is derived from a widely distributed natural anticancer compound betulin. It has selective anticancer activity against several tumor cells, and recently it was shown that it also possess anti-angiogenic effects. The objective of this study was to formulate betulinic acid, a ...
Sukumari-Ramesh Sangeetha - - 2011
Object Pituitary adenomas, which are common intracranial tumors, are associated with significant patient morbidity due to hormone secretion or mass effect or as a complication of therapy. Epigenetic regulation has emerged as an important component of malignant tumor pathogenesis, although the contribution in the progression of benign pituitary tumors remains ...
Li Hong - - 2010
The overall goal of this study was to develop a micellar system of paclitaxel (PTX) to enhance its oral absorption. An amphiphilic chitosan derivative, N-deoxycholic acid-N, O-hydroxyethyl chitosan (DHC), was synthesized and characterized by FTIR, (1)H NMR, elemental analysis, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The degree of substitution (DS) of ...
Pacheco Graziela Drociunas - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of phytic acid (IP(6)) as a possible inhibitor of cellular damage induced by toxic substances such as mycotoxins on a porcine intestinal epithelial cell line (IPEC-1). We first observed that a dose of 5mM phytic acid decreases cell viability and ...
Skånseng B - - 2010
We have tested the effect of various combinations of formic acid and sorbate on Campylobacter jejuni colonization in broiler chickens to reduce the colonization of this zoonotic pathogen in broiler chicken flocks. Chickens were offered feed supplemented with different concentrations and combinations of formic acid and/or potassium sorbate. We found ...
Kim Eunkyung E Herbal Medicinal Products Division, Korea Food and Drug Administration, Seoul, Republic of - - 2011
Cranberry juice is used routinely, especially among women and the elderly, to prevent and treat urinary tract infections. These individuals are likely to be taking medications concomitantly with cranberry juice, leading to concern about potential drug-dietary substance interactions, particularly in the intestine, which, along with the liver, is rich in ...
Wood Chris M - - 2010
Marine teleosts generally secrete basic equivalents (HCO(3)(-)) and take up Na(+) and Cl(-) in the intestine so as to promote absorption of H(2)O. However, neither the integration of these functions with feeding nor the potential role of the gut in ionoregulation and acid-base balance in freshwater have been well studied. ...
Rémond Didier - - 2011
Cysteine is considered as a conditionally indispensable amino acid. Its dietary supply should thus be increased when endogenous synthesis cannot meet metabolic need, such as during inflammatory diseases. However, studies in animal models suggest a high first-pass extraction of dietary cysteine by the intestine, limiting the interest for an oral ...
Renouf Mathieu - - 2010
Previous studies on coffee examined absorption of phenolic acids (PA) in the small intestine, but not the contribution of the colon to absorption. Nine healthy volunteers ingested instant soluble coffee ( approximately 335 mg total chlorogenic acids (CGAs)) in water. Blood samples were taken over 12 h, and at 24 ...
Lee K J - - 2010
Recent studies have suggested that alterations in the composition of the intestinal microbiota may play an important role in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms. However, an association between the composition of the intestinal microbiota and IBS symptoms has not been clearly demonstrated. In the current issue of the Journal, Tana ...
Sabboh-Jourdan Houda - - 2011
Organic acids from plant food have been shown to play an important role in the prevention of chronic diseases (osteoporosis, obesity), inherent to western diets, but little is known about their bioavailability in the small intestine, information that needs to be determined in order to quantify likely effects on human ...
Calatayud Marta - - 2010
Many toxicological studies have been conducted with arsenic species in target organ cell lines. However, although epithelial gastrointestinal cells constitute the first barrier to the absorption of contaminants, studies using intestinal cells are scarce. The present study examines absorption through the intestinal epithelium of the pentavalent arsenic species most commonly ...
Zhou Chuanshe - - 2010
Four goats (20 (SD 2.5) kg) fitted with ruminal, duodenal and ileal cannulae were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square design to estimate the effects of a dietary starch source on the duodenal and ileal flows of endogenous N (EN) and endogenous amino acids (EAA) in growing goats. ...
Stephens Andrew N - - 2010
Intestinal adaptation in response to the loss of the small intestine is essential to restore enteral autonomy in patients who have undergone massive small bowel resection (MSBR). In a proportion of patients, intestinal function is not restored, resulting in chronic intestinal failure (IF). Early referral of such patients for transplant ...
Buist Harrie E - - 2010
Most QSARs for dermal absorption predict the permeability coefficient, K(p), of a molecule, which is valid for infinite dose conditions. In practice, dermal exposure mostly occurs under finite dose conditions. Therefore, a simple model to predict finite dose dermal absorption from infinite dose data (K(p) and lag time) and the ...
Zhu Tong - - 2010
This study compared the gastrointestinal (GI) absorption characteristics and absolute bioavailability of fenofibric acid and fenofibrate (which is converted to fenofibric acid in vivo) in healthy volunteers. Treatments were delivered to the proximal small bowel, distal small bowel, and colon using a site-specific delivery system (Enterion capsule) and to the ...
Mansoori B - - 2010
1. Dietary phytic acid (PA) reduces the apparent digestion and of dietary nutrients, increases the excretion of endogenous amino acids and minerals and reduces the concentration of blood glucose. 2. An experiment was conducted to examine the effect of phytic acid on the absorption capacity of the intestine in broiler ...
Sun Jing J College of Pharmacy, University of Michigan, 428 Church Street, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1065, - - 2010
A prodrug strategy was applied to guanidino-containing analogues to increase oral absorption via hPEPT1 and hVACVase. l-Valine, l-isoleucine, and l-phenylalanine esters of [3-(hydroxymethyl)phenyl]guanidine (3-HPG) were synthesized and evaluated for transport and activation. In HeLa/hPEPT1 cells, Val-3-HPG and Ile-3-HPG exhibited high affinity to hPEPT1 (IC(50): 0.65 and 0.63 mM, respectively), and ...
Binder Henry J - - 2010
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) are the major anion in stool and are synthesized from nonabsorbed carbohydrate by the colonic microbiota. Nonabsorbed carbohydrate are not absorbed in the colon and induce an osmotically mediated diarrhea; in contrast, SCFA are absorbed by colonic epithelial cells and stimulate Na-dependent fluid absorption via a ...
Ferroni Lorenzo - - 2010
Mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) and scytonemin are UV-screening compounds that have presumably appeared early in the history of life and are widespread in cyanobacteria. Natural colonies of the UV-insensitive Nostoc flagelliforme were found to be especially rich in MAAs (32.1 mg g DW(-1)), concentrated in the glycan sheath together with ...
Li Nan - - 2010
The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of 1,4-cyclohexanediol as a retardant on the percutaneous absorption and penetration of azelaic acid. Hairless rat skin was mounted on Franz diffusion cells and treated with topical formulations containing solubilized azelaic acid with and without 1,4-cyclohexanediol. The skin was separated ...
Takayama Chie - - 2009
The formulation containing sodium laurate (C12), an absorption enhancer, and several amino acids such as taurine (Tau) and L-glutamine (L-Gln) is a promising preparation that can safely improve the intestinal absorption of poorly absorbable drugs. The safety for intestinal mucosa is achieved because the amino acids prevent C12 from causing ...
Taylor J R - - 2009
Intestinal HCO3- secretion is essential to marine teleost fish osmoregulation and comprises a considerable source of base efflux attributable to both serosal HCO3- and endogenous CO2 hydration. The role of intestinal HCO3- secretion in dynamic acid-base balance regulation appears negligible in studies of unfed fish, but evidence of high intestinal ...
Ferrante M - - 2010
Diclofenac is a hydrophilic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug widely used in humans and animals. Previous reports have shown that this compound has low percutaneous absorption in horses. The effect of five penetration enhancers (10% urea, 15% and 20% oleic acid and 5% and 10% d-limonene) on the percutaneous absorption of diclofenac ...
Mahajan Nidhi - - 2009
Gallic acid is a normal constituent of many edible foods, thus directly interacts with epithelial tissue in intestine. In the present study, the effect of gallic acid on intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) and peptidase activities in rat intestine was evaluated. Gallic acid (0.27-0.5 mM) inhibited activities of leucine aminopeptidase (LAP) ...
Hietbrink Falco - - 2009
Although the gut is often considered the motor of sepsis, the relation between systemic inflammation and intestinal permeability in humans is not clear. We analyzed intestinal permeability during experimental endotoxemia in humans. Before and during experimental endotoxemia (Escherichia coli LPS, 2 ng/kg), using polyethylene glycol (PEG) as a permeability marker, ...
Ohbuchi Takayuki - - 2009
We established a method for producing two types of xylooligosaccharides by treating kraft pulp derived from hardwood such as eucalyptus with xylanase, analyzed the structure by MALDI-TOF-MS/MS, and conducted an in vitro study on utilization by intestinal bacteria. One type was a neutral xylooligosaccharide (XOS), a xylooligomer in the D.P. ...
Aspenström-Fagerlund Bitte - - 2009
Passive paracellular absorption, regulated by tight junctions (TJs), is the main route for absorption of poorly absorbed hydrophilic substances. Surface active substances, such as fatty acids, may enhance absorption of these substances by affecting the integrity of TJ and increasing the permeability. It has been suggested that aluminium (Al) absorption ...
Zhou Limin - - 2009
The current study aims to investigate the effect of sodium caprate on the intestinal absorption and bioavailabilities of danshensu and salvianolic acid B, the major active components in Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge (Danshen). Biopharmaceutics and pharmacokinetics properties of the two compounds have been characterized by in vitro, in situ models as ...
Mourad Fadi H - - 2009
Intestinal nutrient transport is altered in response to changes in dietary conditions and luminal substrate level. It is not clear, however, whether an amino acid in the intestinal lumen can acutely affect its own absorption from a distant site. Our aim is to study the effect of an amino acid ...
Iwan Agnieszka - - 2009
The UV-vis absorption properties of undoped and doped 1,4-phenylenemethylidynenitrilo-1,4-phenylenenitrilomethylidyne (PAZ) in various temperatures are reported. It is demonstrated that the absorption spectra can be modified not only by changing the temperature from 193K to 413K, but also via acid-base doping involving the protonation of nitrogen atom in imine group. The ...
Meleshkevitch Ella A EA Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, 3333 Green Bay Road, North Chicago, IL 60064, - - 2009
The nutrient amino acid transporter (NAT) subfamily of the neurotransmitter sodium symporter family (NSS, also known as the solute carrier family 6, SLC6) represents transport mechanisms with putative synergistic roles in the absorption of essential and conditionally essential neutral amino acids. It includes a large paralogous expansion of insect-specific genes, ...
Braune Annett - - 2009
Plant cell wall associated dehydrodiferulic acids (DFA) are abundant components of cereal insoluble dietary fibers ingested by humans. The ability of human intestinal microbiota to convert DFA was studied in vitro by incubating 8-O-4- and 5-5-coupled DFA with fecal suspensions. 8-O-4-DFA was completely degraded by the intestinal microbiota of the ...
Niot Isabelle - - 2009
Over the two last decades, cloning of proteins responsible for trafficking and metabolic fate of long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) in gut has provided new insights on cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in fat absorption. To this systematic cloning period, functional genomics has succeeded in providing a new set of surprises. ...
Tuomasjukka Saska S - - 2009
Stearic acid from conventional food is well absorbed, but the fate of synthetic randomized stearic acid in fat absorption and subsequent metabolism is unclear. In this study, we examined the postprandial triglyceridemia following an ingestion of randomized stearic acid-rich fat. Following a 12-h fast, nine healthy young males ate a ...
Vanhaecke L - - 2009
AIMS: Using a Simulator of the Human Intestinal Microbial Ecosystem (SHIME), we investigated the chemopreventive potential of prebiotic chicory inulin towards the in vitro bioactivation of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) by human intestinal microbiota. METHODS AND RESULTS: HPLC data revealed that inulin significantly decreased the formation of the genotoxic PhIP-M1 metabolite, with ...
Habold Caroline - - 2009
Consumption by animals and humans of earthy materials such as clay is often related to gut pathologies. Our aim was to determine the impact of kaolinite ingestion on glucose and NEFA transport through the intestinal mucosa. The expression of hexose transporters (Na/glucose co-transporter 1 (SGLT1), GLUT2, GLUT5) and of proteins ...
Kanth Swarna Vinodh - - 2009
In the present investigation, kinetics of dyeing involving pretreatment with acid protease has been presented. Application of acid protease in dyeing process resulted in increased absorption and diffusion of dye into the leather matrix. Enzyme treatment at 1% concentration, 60 min duration and 50 degrees C resulted in maximum of ...
El-Gendy Nashwa A - - 2009
Salbutamol patches were prepared and evaluated. The effect of different Eudragits and various plasticizers on the properties of the patches were studied. Patches were prepared by casting method employing different plasticizers. These patches were evaluated for weight, thickness uniformity, swelling index, tensile strength, elongation percent and moisture absorption capacity. Release ...
Spanier Britta - - 2009
Amino acid absorption in the form of di- and tripeptides is mediated by the intestinal proton-coupled peptide transporter PEPT-1 (formally OPT-2) in Caenorhabditits elegans. Transporter-deficient animals (pept-1(lg601)) show impaired growth, slowed postembryonal development and major changes in amino acid status. Here we demonstrate that abolished intestinal peptide transport also leads ...
El-Laithy Hanan M - - 2009
The feasibility of matrix controlled transdermal patch based on sugar fatty acid ester (SE) as penetration and absorption enhancer containing Timolol maleate (TM) was investigated. The influence of fatty acid type, chain length and hydrophile-lipophile balance (HLB) on the in vitro drug release as well as its permeation across hairless ...
Onyango Edward M - - 2008
An investigation into the influence of phytates on the in situ absorption of amino acids (lysine, glutamate and leucine) and glucose from the intestinal lumen of 3-week-old chickens was carried out. Birds were anaesthetised and the intestines exteriorised. Uptake of 5 mM of each nutrient over a 4-min period was ...
Kuriki Kiyonori - - 2008
We have reported that a hyperlipidemic state is characteristic of Apc-deficient Min mice with multiple intestinal polyps. In our earlier case-control study, colorectal cancer risk showed positive relationships with erythrocyte membrane compositions of palmitic and oleic acids, but negative links with linoleic and arachidonic acids. To examine the roles of ...
Compher Charlene W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Oleic acid premeal supplements have been described as a method to trigger the ileal brake and thus lengthen transit time and the opportunity for nutrient absorption. The aims of this study were to determine whether oleic acid supplements would lengthen transit time and improve absorption of nutrients in study ...
Takayama Kentaro - - 2008
In the development of oligoarginine-based prodrugs with self-cleavable spacers for intestinal absorption, we previously reported a series of spacers with variable half-lives of parent compound release based on a neighboring group participation mechanism from an amino acid side-chain structure next to the succinyl moiety. In the present study, to diversify ...
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