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Results 401 - 450 of 1685
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Kansara Viral - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the implication of an ex vivo model for carrier-mediated retinal drug delivery using an Ussing chamber system. METHODS: Dutch Belted Pigmented rabbits weighing 2-2.5 kg were used in these studies. Excised posterior segment tissues (RPE-choroid-sclera and sclera), mounted on the Ussing ...
Müller Cristina - - 2006
Novel organometallic 99mTc(I)-folate derivatives have been synthesized and evaluated in vitro and in vivo in order to assess the influence of the overall charge of the radioconjugates and the spacer entity on the affinity and pharmacokinetic profile. Folic acid has been functionalized at the gamma-carboxylate group of the glutamate moiety ...
Sanchez W - - 2006
This study examined the response of 7-ethoxyresorufine-O-deethylase, glutathione-S-transferase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione content, level of thiobarbituric acid reactive compounds and circulating vitellogenin, in three-spined sticklebacks after 21 days of exposure to Diquat herbicide, commercial nonylphenol polyethoxylate adjuvant and mixture between Diquat and adjuvant. The results showed that adjuvant exerted more important ...
Navarro-Martínez María Dolores - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Elucidation of the mechanism of action of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) against Candida albicans and demonstration of the connection between its antifolate activity and other metabolic pathways involved in C. albicans survival are the major objectives of this study. METHODS: C. albicans ATCC 10231 and 12 clinical isolates were used. MICs ...
Houghton Lisa A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Studies in nonpregnant, nonlactating women suggest that folate supplementation in the form of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate ([6S]-5-methylTHF) is at least as effective as folic acid in increasing blood folate indexes. No data, however, are available on the effect of supplemental [6S]-5-methylTHF on blood folate concentrations during lactation. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the ...
Christian Parul - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previously we showed that women in rural Nepal experience multiple micronutrient deficiencies in early pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of daily antenatal micronutrient supplementation on changes in the biochemical status of several micronutrients during pregnancy. DESIGN: In Nepal, we conducted a randomized controlled trial in which 4 ...
Robien K - - 2006
Methotrexate (MTX) is used as an immunosuppressive agent for acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis following hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Concerns that folate intake may impair MTX effectiveness or selectively rescue leukemic cells have led to variations in clinical practice regarding supplemental folic acid during MTX administration. A retrospective, observational study ...
Canfield Mark A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Neural tube defects (NTDs) affect about seven of every 10,000 deliveries in Texas. To reduce the risk for NTDs, women are encouraged to supplement with 400 mcg folic acid daily during their reproductive years. This study examines folic acid awareness, knowledge, and supplementation practices among women of childbearing age ...
Kumar Virendra - - 2007
Death by hanging is believed to be a painless method of committing suicide. In most cases the noose has a knot and on this basis only it can be labeled as atypical or typical hanging. A 35 year Chinese man committed suicide by hanging with a ligature material made of ...
Aoyama Michio - - 2006
Global nuclear weapons tests fallout of 137Cs in the northern hemisphere has been documented in the UNSCEAR (United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effect of Atomic Radiation) reports. However, many questions have arisen during the past three to four decades; e.g. the water column inventory of 137Cs in the North ...
Ren Aiguo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of neural tube defects (NTDs) in northern China remains high after 10 years since periconceptional supplementation with folic acid has been known to be effective in reducing the risk of NTDs. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to characterize folic acid awareness and use and to ...
Anderson Todd J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities of endothelial function are likely to contribute to the accelerated atherosclerotic risk in subjects with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). While folates can improve endothelial function, their role in ESRD has not been fully studied. The objective was to determine the acute and 12 week-effect of folinic acid on ...
Mao Wenfu - - 2006
Within the genus Papilio, the P. glaucus group contains the most polyphagous Papilio species within the Papilionidae. The majority of Papilio species are associated with hostplants in the families Rutaceae and Apiaceae, and characterizing most are secondary metabolites called furanocoumarins. Recent phylogenetic studies suggest that furanocoumarin metabolism is an ancestral ...
Thoradeniya Tharanga - - 2006
Folic acid deficiency is implicated in the aetiology of nutritional anaemia and adverse pregnancy outcomes for the fetus. Data on folic acid status among adolescent girls and non-pregnant, non-lactating young women are limited. We assessed folic acid status in a random sample of 552 subjects (277 adolescent girls aged 15-18.9 ...
Miles Christopher O - - 2006
Pectenotoxins (PTXs) accumulate in shellfish feeding on dinoflagellates of the genus Dinophysis, so that humans can be exposed to these toxins through shellfish consumption. Some PTXs are toxic to experimental animals, whereas others are of much lower toxicity. Pectenotoxin-2, the most abundant PTX from most Dinophysis spp., is rapidly metabolized ...
Montero-Rocha A - - 2006
Ergosan an algal product containing 1% alginic acid, developed for use in aquaculture and reported to have immunomodulatory activity, was administered orally to intermoult adult white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) for 15 days. Examination of haemolymph proteins using SDS-PAGE did not reveal any obvious differences between control and Ergosan treated shrimp. ...
Keating Elisa - - 2006
The aim of this work was to characterize the placental uptake of folic acid from the maternal circulation. Using 2 human trophoblast cell lines (BeWo and JAR), we verified that uptake of 3H-folic acid was pH-dependent, increasing significantly with decreasing extracellular pH. In BeWo cells, uptake of 3H-folic acid at ...
Chiplonkar Shashi A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To develop a statistical model for predicting zinc bioavailability from cereal-based vegetarian meals using relative proportion of nutrients, non-nutrients and their interactive effects. METHODS: A database on in vitro zinc dialysability (by isotopic tracer, 65Zn) of vegetarian meals (266 out of 326) from Asia, Africa, Europe /US and Latin ...
Chuang Cherng Zee - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have shown an inverse relationship between vitamin B2 status and total homocysteine levels, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We hypothesize that intervention with riboflavin will lower total homocysteine levels. The total homocysteine lowering by the three genotypes (CC, CT, TT) of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase polymorphism (677C-->T) was ...
Kuhlman K R - - 2006
Rock varnish from Arizona's Whipple Mountains harbors a microbial community containing about 10(8) microorganisms g(-1) of varnish. Analyses of varnish phospholipid fatty acids and rRNA gene libraries reveal a community comprised of mostly Proteobacteria but also including Actinobacteria, eukaryota, and a few members of the Archaea. Rock varnish represents a ...
Abramsson-Zetterberg Lilianne - - 2006
Folic acid has a well-documented stabilising effect on chromosomes. A correlation between folate status and chromosome stability in humans has been reported in studies that were restricted to certain subpopulations, e.g., folate-deficient persons. The goal of the present investigation was to clarify if there also is a correlation between folate ...
Mangoni Arduino A - - 2006
An increasing body of evidence supports the existence of a strong link between inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and the onset and progression of atherosclerosis. However, a cause-effect relationship between these phenomena has not been demonstrated yet. Although some inflammatory markers, such as C-reactive protein, have been recently shown to improve risk ...
Moat Stuart J - - 2006
While folic acid has been shown to reverse endothelial dysfunction, the exact underlying mechanism remains elusive. Here, folic acid reversed both the endothelial dysfunction and increased production of superoxide following depletion of rabbit aortic ring tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) levels with 2,4-diamino-6-hydroxy-pyrimidine (DAHP) and N-acetyl-5-hydroxy-tryptamine (NAS). Incubation with l-nitroarginine methyl ester also ...
Pötzsch Simone - - 2006
Periconceptional folic acid supplementation is recommended to prevent congenital malformations, mainly neural tube defects, but only 7% of pregnant women in Saxony-Anhalt (Germany) take folic acid at least 4 weeks before conception and in the first 3 months of pregnancy. From March to June 2004, we sent standardized questionnaires about ...
Piyathilake Chandrika J - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether mandatory fortification of grain products with folic acid in the USA is associated with changes in global DNA methylation in cells involved in cervical carcinogenesis. Archived specimens of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) diagnosed before (1990-92) and after mandatory folic acid fortification ...
Hovelstad Hanne - - 2006
The content and distribution of stilbenes and resin acids in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) and spruce (Picea abies), sampled in central Norway, have been examined. The contents of pinosylvin stilbenes in pine heartwood/living knots were 0.2-2/2-8 %(w/w). No stilbenes could be detected in spruce (Picea abies). The resin acid contents ...
Hwang Eun-Sun - - 2006
Cruciferous vegetables contain a series of relatively unique secondary metabolites of amino acids, called glucosinolates, from which isothiocyanates (ITC) can be generated. While glucosinolates are not thought to be bioactive directly, ITC appear to have anticarcinogenic activity. Sinigrin, the predominant aliphatic glucosinolate in cruciferous vegetables, is hydrolyzed to yield allylisothiocyanate ...
Carlsson Cynthia M - - 2006
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in older men and women and contributes significantly to morbidity in later life. Folic acid and other vitamin B deficiencies and elevated total plasma homocysteine levels are associated with increased cardiovascular risk in geriatric patients, but recent studies have questioned the ...
Au-Yeung Kathy K W - - 2006
Folic acid supplementation is a promising approach for patients with cardiovascular diseases associated with hyperhomocysteinemia. We have demonstrated that homocysteine (Hcy) activates nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), a transcription factor that plays an important role in inflammatory responses. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of folic acid ...
Lansky Ephraim Philip - - 2006
A recent profusion of pomegranate nutraceutical products, "standardized to 40% ellagic acid," has appeared in the marketplace. This Perspective reviews the chemical and functional studies of pomegranate as well as the virtues and dangers of ellagic acid, and concludes that synergy among the various pomegranate fractions and phytochemicals is the ...
Wan Michael T - - 2006
Transient and permanent farm ditches flowing to the Lower Fraser River tributary fish streams of British Columbia, Canada, were sampled at several locations in 2003-2004 to determine the occurrence and concentration of residues of selected pesticides, their transformation products, and soluble/extractable Cu++ ions. Of the 43 compounds analyzed, 28 and ...
Guo Hangyuan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor of coronary artery disease, but some studies have shown that patients with hyperhomocysteinemia are not prone to atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to test whether homocysteine increases the production of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and if extracellular additional magnesium and folic acid ...
Sweeney Mary R - - 2006
The benefit of the introduction of mandatory folic acid fortification of all flour products in the USA in 1998 has been amply demonstrated in a reduction of neural tube defect births. Doubt has been cast on the actual level of fortification and recent calculations have shown that the level of ...
Rifkin Jared L - - 2006
Movements of D. discoideum vegetative amoebae responding to pteridine chemoattractants, folate acid and pterin, were recorded. A vector analysis of these images was performed to partition the speed and orientation components of these motility patterns. This study demonstrates that in addition to orientation (chemotaxis), stimulated speed (chemokinesis) is an important ...
Binns Colin - - 2006
This study documented the prevalence (proportion) of mothers taking folic as supplements or as fortified foods and explored the factors that determined whether folic acid was taken. A cross sectional analysis of the baseline data of mothers who participated in the Perth Infant Feeding Study was performed. A total of ...
Bjorklund Natalie K - - 2006
Neural tube defects are serious congenital malformations which can be prevented by periconceptional folic acid supplementation. We hypothesize that folic acid provides the methyl group used for post-translational methylation of arginine and histidine in the highly conserved regulatory domains of the cytoskeleton and that these are required for neural tissue ...
Midgley David J - - 2006
The utilisation of a range of cell-wall-related and aromatic carbon substrates by multiple genotypes of three ericoid mycorrhizal fungal taxa was compared with two orchid mycorrhizal fungal taxa. Both groups of fungi catabolised most common substrates, though significant inter- and intraspecific variability was observed in the use of a few ...
Pathansali Rohan - - 2006
Cognitive impairment is associated with increased blood concentrations of homocysteine and high blood viscosity. Previous studies have shown that vitamin B supplementation reduces homocysteine and enhances cognitive function in patients with mild dementia and low serum folic acid. However, whether folic acid enhances cognitive function in elderly subjects without dementia ...
Desmeules Philippe - - 2006
Recoverin is cotranslationally modified by the covalent linkage of a myristoyl group to its N terminus. It is a member of a family of Ca(2+)-myristoyl switch proteins. Recombinant myristoylated revoverin is currently produced by the cotransformation of bacteria with recoverin and an enzyme that allows N-myristoylation and by supplementing the ...
Yang Jianchang - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the interaction between abscisic acid (ABA) and ethylene may be involved in mediating the post-anthesis development of spikelets in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Two rice genotypes were field-grown, and the changes of ABA, ethylene, and 1-aminocylopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) levels ...
Benschop Joris J - - 2005
Complete submergence of flooding-tolerant Rumex palustris plants strongly stimulates petiole elongation. This escape response is initiated by the accumulation of ethylene inside the submerged tissue. In contrast, petioles of flooding-intolerant Rumex acetosa do not increase their elongation rate under water even though ethylene also accumulates when they are submerged. Abscisic ...
DeAngelis Yvonne M - - 2005
Application of new molecular and biochemical tools has greatly increased our understanding of the organisms, mechanisms, and treatments of dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis. Dandruff results from at least three etiologic factors: Malassezia fungi, sebaceous secretions, and individual sensitivity. While Malassezia (formerly P. ovale) has long been a suspected cause, implicated ...
Hassan S M - - 2005
We studied the affects of storage period and egg weight on the hatchability of 314 ostrich (Struthio camelus) eggs. Eggs were stored at 20 degrees C and 65% RH before incubation at the Poultry Research, Teaching and Extension Center at Texas A&M University (College Station, TX). Eggs were classed by ...
Kannan Kurunthachalam - - 2005
The existence of two subpopulations of polar bears in Alaska, the Beaufort Sea and the Chukchi Sea populations, has been documented. In this study, differences in concentrations and profiles of organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and perfluorinated acids were examined in livers of polar bears from ...
de Meer K K Department of Clinical Chemistry, Institute for Cardiovascular Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2005
To assess the effects of supplementation with the diastereoisomer of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate ([6S]5-methylTHF), as an alternative supplement for folic acid, on folate absorption and elimination, in two age groups. A randomized, double-blind intervention study. A total of 12 young (<30 y) and 12 middle-aged (> or =50 y) healthy volunteers were ...
Kitahara Takashi - - 2006
The objective of this study was to investigate the in vitro activities of lauric acid and myristylamine in combination with six antimicrobial agents against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The combination effect of lipids and antimicrobial agents was evaluated by the checkerboard method to obtain a fractional inhibitory concentration (FIC) index. ...
Hunter E Sidney ES - - 2006
The haloacetic acids (HAA) are a family of chemicals that are drinking water disinfection by-products. We previously reported that haloacetic acids, including several bromo- and chloro-HAAs, alter embryonic development when mouse conceptuses are directly exposed to these xenobiotics in whole embryo culture. Craniofacial dysmorphogenesis was observed in exposed embryos and ...
Landi L - - 2006
The different types of organogenic (roots and adventitious shoots) and callus formation responses of leaves from 30-day-old proliferating shoots of different Fragaria spp. genotypes were studied in response to MS medium supplemented with 4.54 microM 1-phenyl-3-(1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-yl) urea (thidiazuron; TDZ) alone and in combination with 0.98 microM indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), 0.84 ...
Danilova Vicktoria - - 2006
To investigate the relationships between the activity in different types of taste fibers and the gustatory behavior in marmosets, we used the taste modifier miraculin, which in humans adds a sweet taste quality to sour stimuli. In behavioral experiments, we measured marmosets' consumption of acids before and after tongue application ...
Woo Kyoungja - - 2005
A coordinatively induced length control of W18O49 nanorods has been developed using thermal decomposition of W(CO)6 in octyl ether solutions of single or mixed capping agents, oleic acid (OA), oleic acid/hexadecylamine (HDA), and oleic acid/trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO). The order of length for nanorods synthesized with different capping agents was OA ...
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