Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1688
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Jang Jae Kyung - - 2006
The removal of nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) was studied under anaerobic conditions using oligotrophic and copiotrophic microbial fuel cells (MFCs) as a novel wastewater treatment process. Over 85% of NTA was removed from oligotrophic MFCs enriched and maintained with fuel containing NTA, whilst the value was around 20% in oligotrophic MFCs ...
Melse-Boonstra Alida - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The bioavailability of dietary folate may be hampered by the need of the glutamate moieties to be deconjugated before absorption. Previous studies comparing the bioavailabilities of polyglutamyl and monoglutamyl folic acid had inconsistent results. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to estimate the bioavailability of polyglutamyl relative to that of monoglutamyl ...
Kanetkar P V - - 2006
The phyto-constituents of Gymnema sylvestre are used in the treatment of diabetes and obesity. The present work reports on the extraction of gymnemic acid through gymnemagenin from callus cultures of G. sylvestre. Components were separated on pre-coated silica gel 60 GF254 plates with chloroform:methanol (8:2) and scanned using a densitometric ...
Gamble Mary V MV Departments of Environmental Health Sciences, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. - - 2006
Populations in South and East Asia and many other regions of the world are chronically exposed to arsenic-contaminated drinking water. To various degrees, ingested inorganic arsenic (InAs) is methylated to monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) via folate-dependent one-carbon metabolism; impaired methylation is associated with adverse health outcomes. Consequently, ...
Foster Trevor T - - 2006
Monolayers of alkylphosphonic acids (APA) and alkylcarboxylic acids (ACA) on magnetron-sputtered aluminum films have been investigated by friction force microscopy (FFM), contact angle measurement, and polarization-modulation infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS). Clear evidence has been provided from PM-IRRAS that friction coefficients, determined from FFM data, may be correlated directly with variations ...
Long John A - - 2006
The transition from fishes to tetrapods was one of the most dramatic events in the evolution of vertebrates, but many pivotal fossils are incomplete, resulting in gaps in the data that are used for phylogenetic reconstruction. Here we present new observations from the most complete, acid-prepared Devonian tetrapodomorph fish yet ...
Bentley Ronald - - 2006
This article reviews the curious history of kojic acid, discovered as a fungal natural product in 1907. It was one of the first secondary metabolites to have its biosynthetic pathway studied by the isotope tracer technique, and, more recently, has been of interest as a skin lightening agent. There are ...
Nadir Y - - 2007
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHC) is a known risk factor for venous and arterial thrombosis. Thrombophilia workup includes the level of homocysteine and other related parameters such as: vitamin B(12), folic acid, and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T genotype. As the levels of homocysteine, vitamin B(12), folic acid, and MTHFR C677T genotype are linked ...
Behnajady Mohammad A - - 2006
The kinetics of decolorization of an anionic monoazo dye of acid class named C.I. Acid Red 27 (AR27) was investigated in the UV/TiO2 process with nonlinear regression analysis. The experimental results indicated that the kinetics of decolorization of AR27 in this process fit well by pseudo-first order kinetics. With nonlinear ...
Prasad R - - 2007
The systemic toxicity caused by methotrexate limits its use and transdermal delivery would be a possible alternative. Transdermal permeation of methotrexate loaded into polyacrylamide-based hydrogel patch, across mice skin was studied in vitro after pretreatment with terpenes and ethanol, alone or in combination with iontophoresis (DC/mDC). Polyacrylamide patches gave the ...
Cagnacci Francesca - - 2006
This study was carried out to assess whether Rhodamine B, ethyl-iophenoxic acid (EtIPA), and propyl-iophenoxic acid (PrIPA) can be used as long-lasting systemic bait markers for free-living badgers (Meles meles). Between June and November 2003, these chemicals were incorporated into bait distributed around badger setts. Serum, hair, and whiskers from ...
Pouydebat E - - 2006
We conducted an experiment to examine the effect of substrate on the nut-cracking behavior of a group of semicaptive capuchin monkeys. We wanted to determine whether tufted capuchin monkeys were selective in choosing the substrate on which they pound nuts, and whether the choice of substrate affected the outcome. Eight ...
Boughton R K - - 2006
The sticktight flea, (Echidnophaga gallinacea), a major pest of the domestic chicken (Gallus gallus) that can cause severe pathology or death if untreated, is rarely recorded in free-living avian species. Sticktight fleas, however, were observed on the federally threatened Florida scrub-jay (Aphelocoma coerulescens) in February 2004, in south central Florida. ...
Fusani Leonida - - 2007
In most bird species, male courtship behavior is controlled by testosterone (T) and its metabolites. In species breeding in temperate and arctic regions T circulates at high levels during a relatively short courtship period because high levels of T can be costly in terms of immunocompetence and parental care. Few ...
Pote Madan Sadashiv - - 2006
Free radical mediated oxidative damage is one of the prime factors for atherogenic changes in humans. We have shown that the folic acid administration reduced the risk of the atherogenic factors induced by gamma-radiation. Folic acid administration prevented the radiation induced increase in the plasma lipoprotein lipase activity and also ...
McCann Melinda C - - 2006
Glyphosate-tolerant alfalfa (GTA) was developed to withstand over-the-top applications of glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup agricultural herbicides. As a part of the safety assessment, GTA (designated J101 x J163) was grown under controlled field conditions at geographically diverse locations within the United States during the 2001 and 2003 field ...
Clarke Zoe L - - 2006
The exact mechanism(s) by which hyperhomocysteinaemia promotes vascular disease remains unclear. Moreover, recent evidence suggests that the beneficial effect of folic acid on endothelial function is independent of homocysteine-lowering. In the present study the effect of a low (400 microg/70 kg/day) and high (5 mg/70 kg/day) dose folic acid supplement ...
Szakács Zoltán - - 2006
Pressure-assisted CE (PACE) was applied to determine the previously inaccessible complete set of pK values for folic acid and eight related multiprotic compounds. PACE allowed the determination of all acidity macroconstants at low (<or=0.1 mM) concentration without interferences of selfassociation or photodegradation throughout the pH range. The accuracy of the ...
Undas Anetta - - 2006
Growing evidence indicates that elevated total homocysteine (tHcy) levels can elicit autoimmune response in vivo. Antibodies against Nepsilon-Hcy-proteins have been shown to be associated with stroke and premature myocardial infarction. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of treatment with folic acid on anti-Nepsilon-Hcy-albumin and -hemoglobin ...
Abou-Saleh Mohammed T - - 2006
Reduced plasma, serum, or red blood cell folate is commonly found in major depressive illnesses. Supplementing antidepressant medication with folic acid enhances the therapeutic effect. Although more work is required to confirm these beneficial results, it is suggested that, meanwhile, 2 mg of folic acid should be given during the ...
Leopardi Paola - - 2006
Folic acid plays a key role in the maintenance of genomic stability, providing methyl groups for the conversion of uracil to thymine and for DNA methylation. Besides dietary habits, folic acid metabolism is influenced by genetic polymorphism. The C677T polymorphism of the methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene is associated with a ...
Blom Henk J HJ Laboratory of Pediatrics and Neurology, Nijmegen Centre for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Post Office Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands. - - 2006
Neural tube closure takes place during early embryogenesis and requires interactions between genetic and environmental factors. Failure of neural tube closure is a common congenital malformation that results in morbidity and mortality. A major clinical achievement has been the use of periconceptional folic acid supplements, which prevents approximately 50-75% of ...
Glendinning John I - - 2006
The mechanisms that mediate discriminative taste processing in insects are poorly understood. We asked whether temporal patterns of discharge from the peripheral taste system of an insect (Manduca sexta caterpillars; Sphingidae) contribute to the discrimination of three "bitter" taste stimuli: salicin, caffeine, and aristolochic acid. The gustatory response to these ...
Saw Constance Lay Lay - - 2006
Hypericin (HY) is a promising photosensitizer in photodynamic therapy (PDT). It was recently reported that appropriate use of N-methyl pyrrolidone (NMP) enhanced in vivo PDT efficacy of HY and enhanced in vivo delivery of HY. This present study further investigates the use of NMP and other known non-toxic pharmaceutical additives, ...
Hirakawa Kazutaka - - 2006
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is one of the most important reactive oxygen species. In the present study, a fluorometry method for detecting H2O2 utilizing folic acid was evaluated. Folic acid was decomposed by H2O2 in the presence of Cu(II) into pterine-6-carboxylic acid, leading to strong fluorescence enhancement. In the absence of ...
Elojeimy Saeed - - 2006
Treatment of different cancer cell lines with desipramine induced a time- and dose-dependent downregulation of acid ceramidase. Desipramine's effect on acid ceramidase appeared specific for amphiphilic agents (desipramine, chlorpromazine, and chloroquine) but not other lysomotropic agents such as ammonium chloride and bafilomycin A1, and was not transcriptionally regulated. The cathepsin ...
Solomon L R - - 2006
A postmenopausal female evaluated for thrombophilia because of bone infarcts had mild hyperhomocysteinemia, which increased when hormone replacement was discontinued. Serum folate, cobalamin and methylmalonic acid were normal. Compound heterozygosity for C677T/A1298C methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase polymorphisms was present but oral folic acid failed to lower homocysteine and actually increased methylmalonic acid. ...
Bower Carol - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the number of neural tube defects that could be prevented in Australia and New Zealand by increasing levels of folic acid intake. METHODS: Available data on prevalence of neural tube defects in Australia and New Zealand, folic acid supplement use and serum folate were used in a ...
Melo Sandra Soares - - 2006
Mutations or polymorphisms in the gene of the enzyme methylenetetrahydrofolate (MTHFR) are associated with hyperhomocysteinemia and possibly with an elevated risk for vascular diseases. A study was conducted on 83 individuals with type 2 diabetes in order to determine the allelic and genotypic frequencies of the G1793A mutation and to ...
Stoll C - - 2006
Many studies showed that reduction by an estimated 80% or more of neural tube defects (NTD) by consumption of folic acid from before conception is achievable. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effectiveness of recommendations on folic acid aimed at reducing the occurrence of NTD in our ...
Zhao X - - 2006
A microemulsion vehicle had been studied as a possible matrix for transdermal delivery of theophylline. The existence of microemulsion regions were investigated in pseudo-ternary phase diagrams, and various microemulsion formulations were prepared using oleic acid, Cremophor RH40/Labrasol (1:2) and water. The optimal formulation of the microemulsion was evaluated in vitro ...
Kannan Srimathi - - 2007
Periconceptional intake of folic acid is known to reduce the risk for neural tube defects (NTDs). To inform southeast Michigan Latina women of childbearing age about the benefits of food and supplemental sources of the micronutrient in the prevention of NTDs, Spanish-English bilingual health educators carried out 20 education events ...
Alauzun Johan - - 2006
Bifunctional mesoporous material with an acidic framework and basic pores was synthesized via the co-condensation of TEOS, bistrimethoxysilylated precursors with a disulfide core, and 3-tert-butyloxycarbonyl (aminopropyl)triethoxysilane using P123 as surfactant; the reduction of disulfide units to SH groups followed by their oxidation into SO3H and deprotection of amino groups gave ...
Lamers Yvonne - - 2006
BACKGROUND: For the primary prevention of neural tube defects (NTDs), public health authorities recommend women of childbearing age to take 400 mug folic acid/d 4 wk before conception and during the first trimester. The biologically active derivate [6S]-5-methyltetrahydrofolate ([6S]-5-MTHF) could be an alternative to folic acid. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the ...
Kircher Manfred - - 2006
It needs three factors to build an industry: market demand, product vision and capital. White biotechnology already produces high volume products such as feed additive amino acids and specialty products like enzymes for enantioselective biocatalysis. It serves large and diverse markets in the nutrition, wellness, pharmaceutical, agricultural and chemical industry. ...
Schneider Julie A - - 2006
Folic acid supplementation has drawn much attention in recent years for the prevention of Alzheimer's disease and cognitive decline. In this review, the authors describe how current evidence does not support the use of folic acid supplements to protect against cognitive decline. Although a few studies suggest that folic acid ...
Bettio Andrea - - 2006
Folic acid was linked regioselectively through its alpha- and gamma-carboxyl groups to 4-fluorobenzylamine (FBA), and the alpha- and gamma-FBA-folate regioisomers were evaluated for their ability to bind to folate receptor-positive cells. The 18F-labeled alpha/gamma-FBA-folate counterpart was examined for in vivo tumor targeting efficiency in nude mice bearing folate receptor-positive tumor ...
Mojtahedzadeh Fereidoon - - 2006
Folic acid is a coenzyme for many important biochemical reactions including synthesis of purines, pyrimidines, and nucleoproteins. The recommended daily allowance of folic acid is 65 - 200 microg/day for infants and children. The recommended dose for deficiency states is 1000 microg/day; the effects of excess amounts of folic acid ...
Ma LiWei - - 2006
5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) or its derivative methyl 5-aminolevulinate (MAL) combined with folic acid was applied in nude mice bearing human colon adenocarcinoma. The aim of the study is to see whether folic acid may increase biosynthesis of porphyrins in tumor tissue after systemic or topical administration of ALA or MAL. ...
Attias Z - - 2006
The insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) has an important role in colorectal cancer development and progression. IGF-IR displays a potent anti-apoptotic activity and is overexpressed in primary tumors and colon cancer-derived cell lines. Folic acid, a member of the vitamin B family, is a chemopreventive agent whose deficiency has been ...
Liu Li-min - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of polylactic acid glue in preventing epidural scar adhesion after laminectomy in rabbits. METHODS: Twenty-four Japanese white rabbits underwent laminectomy (including the attached ligaments) at L(2 ) and L(5). After laminectomy at L(5), polylactic acid glue was sprayed on the dura and nerve roots and ...
Di Domenico Davide - - 2006
We describe the ovicidal action of a 3.75% (w/v) sodium hypochlorite solution on the eggs of Aedes albopictus (Skuse). The effectiveness of this ovicide has also been confirmed by a field trial. On the basis of the data collected in the city of Bologna, Italy, we hypothesize a relationship between ...
Zhang Le - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although an information campaign concerning periconceptional folic acid supplementation was launched in 1998 in Shanxi Province, China, the prevalence of neural tube defects in rural areas was reported as high as 140 per 10,000 births in 2002. The blood folate concentrations and the practice of folic acid supplementation among ...
Olthof Margreet R - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether lowering of fasting homocysteine concentrations, either with folic acid or with betaine supplementation, differentially affects vascular function, a surrogate marker for risk of cardiovascular disease, in healthy volunteers. As yet, it remains uncertain whether a high concentration of homocysteine itself or whether a low folate status--its ...
Delaporte Maryse - - 2006
Arachidonic acid (20:4n-6, ArA) and its eicosanoid metabolites have been demonstrated to be implicated in immune functions of vertebrates, fish, and insects. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the impact of ArA supplementation on the FA composition and hemocyte parameters of oysters Crassostrea gigas. Oyster dietary conditioning ...
Ahola Markus - - 2006
Amphibians are undergoing enigmatic global declines variously attributed to a complex web of anthropogenic forces. Alien predators pose a fundamental threat to biodiversity generally that is predicted to be most acute in island ecosystems. While amphibian eggs and tadpoles are vulnerable to aquatic predators, the effect of predators on adult, ...
Muñoz de la Peña A - - 2006
First-, second- and third-order calibration methods were investigated for the simultaneous determination of folic acid and methotrexate. The interest in the determination of these compounds is related to the fact that methotrexate inhibits the body's absorption of folic acid and prolonged treatment with methotrexate may lead to folic acid deficiency, ...
Vorobey Pavel - - 2006
It has been proposed that photodegradation of folates may be the reason for the pigmentation of races living under high fluence rates of ultraviolet radiation. The photodegradation of folic acid (FA) induced by ultraviolet-A (UV-A) radiation, in solution and in the presence of human serum albumin (HSA), was studied with ...
Dixit Vivechana - - 2006
This paper reports the creation of Au nanoparticles (AuNP) that are soluble in aqueous solution over a broad range of pH and ionic strength values and that are capable of selective uptake by folate receptor positive (FR+) cancer cells. A novel poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) construct with thioctic acid and folic ...
Levy Tali - - 2006
The increased rates of twinning and the increased consumption of folic acid are two parallel processes described in recent years. However, the possible association between an increased incidence of twin pregnancies and periconceptional folic acid supplementation remains controversial. Whereas the data indicating that when folic acid levels are increased to ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >