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Results 301 - 350 of 1687
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McLeod Rebecca J - - 2007
Forest litter is often considered to be a minor energy source to marine communities due to its refractory nature. Large volumes of forest litter are deposited in the New Zealand fjords, and likely recycled into available energy by microbial activity. In this study we used evidence from stable isotope analyses ...
Chu C-C - - 2007
HLA-DQB1*0317 may have arisen by gene conversion from the DQB1*030302 backbone, leading to one amino acid change from Leu to Gly at codon 26.
Delamater Andrew R - - 2007
In a series of 4 experiments, the effects of extinction on flavor preferences conditioned by mixing flavor cues with a nutrient were examined. In each experiment it was observed that rats preferred a flavor cue that had not undergone extinction to one that had. In addition, this preference was reversed ...
Mosley Bridget S - - 2007
Folic acid has been shown to reduce the risk of pregnancies affected by neural tube defects (NTDs) by as much as 70%. Cereal grains sold in the U.S. have been fortified with folic acid since 1998. The Arkansas Reproductive Health Monitoring System and the Arkansas Folic Acid Coalition have encouraged ...
Murkovic Michael - - 2007
The formation of 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural (HMF) and 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furoic acid (HMFA) during roasting of coffee was studied. At 240 degrees C the maximum concentration of HMF occurs after 3 min with a quick degradation up to 10 min when most of the HMF has disappeared again. Similar to 5-hydroxymethyl-furfural, HMFA is formed ...
Huang Zhifeng - - 2007
Molecular modification with polyethylene glycol (PEGylation) is an effective approach to improve protein biostability and decrease protein immunogenic activity. To create a PEGylated recombinant human acid fibroblast growth factor (rhaFGF) and improve its bio-stability, we have produced a rhaFGF mutant (rhaFGF(ser98,132)) by replacing the 98th and the 132nd cysteine residues ...
Sae-be Porntip - - 2007
This article discusses the analysis of the hydrolysis products from one-step scouring of cotton using pectinase and two-step scouring of cotton using lipase then cellulase, protease then cellulase, or lipase/protease then cellulase, to improve water absorbency of cotton. UV spectrophotometric analysis indicated that the pectinase scouring process produced approximately 18-fold ...
Saravanan V S VS School of Bio-Engineering and Bio-Sciences, Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India. - - 2007
To examine the zinc (Zn) solubilization potential and nematicidal properties of Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus. Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer, Differential Pulse Polarography and Gas Chromatography Coupled Mass Spectrometry were used to estimate the total Zn and Zn(2+) ions and identify the organic acids present in the culture supernatants. The effect of culture filtrate ...
Biederman Joseph J Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2008
To discern whether a subset of items from the 99-item Current Behavior Scale (CBS) of behaviorally defined Executive Function Deficits (EFDs) in adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) can identify a group at risk for poor outcome. Subjects were 200 adults with ADHD participating in a family study of ADHD in ...
Johnson Stewart P - - 2007
PURPOSE: The DNA repair protein, O (6)-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT), is a primary source of tumor resistance to agents such as temozolomide and chloroethylnitrosoureas that form DNA lesions at the O (6)-position of guanines. To increase the efficacy of these drugs, pseudosubstrate inactivators of AGT such as O (6)-benzylguanine have been ...
Anderson R B - - 2007
The enteric nervous system arises from vagal (caudal hindbrain) and sacral level neural crest-derived cells that migrate into and along the developing gut. Data from previous studies have suggested that (i) there may be gradients along the gut that induce the caudally directed migration of vagal enteric neural precursors (ENPs), ...
Buehring Nathan W - - 2007
Field studies were conducted in 2001 through 2003 to determine if shikimic acid accumulation could be used to accurately predict yield reductions in field corn exposed to sublethal rates of glyphosate. Glyphosate (0-0.32 kg ae/ha) was applied to corn at the V6 to V8 growth stage. Corn whorls were randomly ...
van der Zant F M - - 2007
Does leakage impair the therapeutic effect of radiosynoviorthesis (RSO)? Are there differences in leakage between (169)Erbium and (186)Rhenium? At baseline and at 6 and 12 months after RSO, six clinical parameters were scored. Changes in clinical variables over time were summed to a change composite index (CCI), ranging from 0 ...
Li Mei - - 2008
The decolorization of acid black 210 by ultrasonic irradiation in the presence of exfoliated graphite was investigated. Low pH value and large exfoliation volume of exfoliated graphite favored the ultrasonic decolorization of acid black 210. The combination method of ultrasonic waves and exfoliated graphite achieved better results than either exfoliated ...
Kondo Atsuo - - 2007
AIM: It has been suggested that periconceptional intake of folic acid prevents risks of having fetuses afflicted with neural tube defects. We aim to internationally investigate knowledge of the role of folic acid and attitudes toward the life-style of young women of child-bearing age among obstetricians/gynecologists and urologists. METHODS: A ...
Cheon Eun-pa - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the pharmacokinetic characteristics of L-valyl-ara-C, a peptidomimetic prodrug of ara-C. METHODS: After the synthesis of L-valyl-ara-C, the in vitro stability of L-valyl-ara-C was examined in various biological media. Plasma pharmacokinetic profiles of ara-C and L-valyl-ara-C were also evaluated in rats. RESULTS: The degradation of L-valyl-ara-C was negligible ...
Drouillard Ken G - - 2007
This study examined the bioaccumulation and dietary retention of 61 polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) and four polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners in juvenile American kestrels (Falco sparverius). American kestrels were exposed to contaminants via egg injection and daily gavage dosing over the posthatch-to-fledgling period. Retention factors for PCBs were dependent on ...
Huang Jun-Chao - - 2007
A novel method for the determination of peroxynitrite using folic acid as a fluorescent probe is described. The method is based on the oxidation of the reduced, low-fluorescent folic acid by peroxynitrite to produce a high-fluorescent emission product. The fluorescence increase is linearly related to the concentration of peroxynitrite in ...
Durga Jane - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Low folate and raised homocysteine concentrations in blood are associated with poor cognitive performance in the general population. As part of the FACIT trial to assess the effect of folic acid on markers of atherosclerosis in men and women aged 50-70 years with raised plasma total homocysteine and normal ...
Muñoz de la Peña A - - 2007
The combination of unfolded-partial least-squares (U-PLS) with a recently proposed separate procedure, known as residual trilinearization (RTL), has been successfully employed for four-way data calibration. The chemometric method employs the evolution of excitation-emission matrices (EEMs) with time, for the resolution of folic acid-methotrexate mixtures, in human serum samples. The fluorogenic ...
Bulusu Sowmya - - 2007
Acid mine drainage (AMD) from abandoned coal mines continues to be one of the most significant environmental problems. Remediation of AMD requires an addition of lime source to decrease the acidity, and grouting the entire mine and encapsulating the pyrite by calcium-rich additives is often employed. Utilization of alkaline coal ...
Durga Jane - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Age-related hearing loss is a common chronic condition of elderly persons. Low folate status has been associated with poor hearing. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether folic acid supplementation slows age-related hearing loss. DESIGN: Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial conducted from September 2000 to December 2004. SETTING: The Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: 728 older ...
Bhalerao Kaustubh D - - 2007
The performance of a biosensor depends largely on its interface with the biological system. This interface imparts a biologically relevant function to the device and provides a measure of specificity towards the biological analyte of interest. This paper documents the choice of folic acid as the functional component of a ...
Cohen Ian J - - 2007
Neurotoxicity, especially associated with therapy for acute lymphatic leukemia, has been attributed by many to the use of methotrexate (MTX). After radiotherapy this has been reported even more frequently but no explanation has been suggested apart from "a complex interaction". The hypothesis presented here is as follows: (1) Inadequate folinic ...
Mahajan Niraj N - - 2007
Many countries have now adopted fortification, where folic acid is added to flour and intended to benefit all with rise in blood folate level. During many transformations of folate from one form to another, a proportion is accidentally converted to N(5)-methyl-THF, an inactive metabolite, the so-called "folate trap". Consideration should ...
de Walle H E K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of the awareness of and the behaviour towards folic acid in 2003 and the trend of folic acid use among pregnant Dutch women between 1995 and 2003 with regard to socio-economic status (SES). METHOD: We conducted 2-yearly cross-sectional studies among pregnant women who filled in ...
Meshkin Brian - - 2007
Folate (Vitamin B9, Folic acid, folinic acid, folacin, pteroyglutamic acid) is essential for life-sustaining processes of DNA synthesis, replication, and repair which are naturally present in common foods such as peas, oranges, broccoli, and whole-wheat products. Folate levels have been associated with birth defects, cardiovascular disease, and many other important ...
Achanta K - - 2007
Folic acid plays an important role in the prevention of neural tube defects (e.g., spina bifida and anencephaly), heart defects, facial clefts, urinary abnormalities, and limb deficiencies. Milk and milk products serve as a potential source for folic acid fortification because of the presence of folate-binding proteins that seem to ...
Burger Katharina - - 2007
Animal and human studies have shown that low levels of folic acid are associated with an impaired DNA Repair Capacity (DRC) and an increased cancer risk. However, the molecular evidence that folic acid enhances the DRC of cultured human cells is still limited because of a paucity of in vitro ...
Kazanova Eugenia V - - 2007
We describe the preparation of two batches of a polymer support for the incorporation of folic acid into oligonucleotides. The method permits the regioselective attachment of a target nucleic acid sequence through its 3'-end to either the alpha-or gamma-carboxyl group of L-glutamic acid, respectively. The supports have been tested in ...
Cha Jung-Yul - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the level of friction resistance (FR) of conventional and silica-insert ceramic brackets using various bracket-wire combinations and angulations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four types of ceramic brackets were examined: (1) polycrystalline alumina bracket (PCA-C), (2) polycrystalline alumina bracket with a stainless steel (SS) slot (PCA-M), (3) polycrystalline alumina ...
Gisondi Paolo - - 2007
Folic acid is a vitamin B essential for the integrity and function of DNA. Relative deficiency of folic acid may occur in conditions such as pregnancy and hyperproliferative or chronic inflammatory disorders. Folic acid supplementation has been proven to be beneficial in the prevention of neural tube defects and in ...
Candito Mirande - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Folic acid supplementation reduces the occurrence of neural tube defects (NTDs); however, it is not clear whether it protects against teratogenic effects of antiepileptic drugs. METHODS: We report the cases of four pregnant women receiving valproic acid therapy, who all had NTD-affected offspring, despite periconceptional 5 mg/day of folic ...
Katzman Martin - - 2007
Acne vulgaris is a distressing skin condition which can carry with it significant psychological disability. Patients with acne are more likely to experience anger and are at increased risk of depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation. Certain nutrients which have been implicated as influencing the pathophysiology of acne have also been identified ...
Lindzon Gillian - - 2007
Folate has received international attention regarding its role in the risk-reduction of birth defects, specifically neural tube defects (NTDs). In 1998, health officials in Canada, like the United States, mandated the addition of folic acid to white flour and select grain products to increase the folate intake of reproductive-aged women. ...
Sato Hideyuki - - 2007
The nasal tissue uptake and metabolism of ciclesonide, a new-generation corticosteroid under investigation for treatment of allergic rhinitis, to its active metabolite, desisobutyryl-ciclesonide (des-CIC), was evaluated when administered to rabbits in a hypotonic versus an isotonic ciclesonide suspension. Nasal mucosa extracts from normal Japanese white rabbits were evaluated by high-performance ...
Sato Hideyuki - - 2007
Ciclesonide, a corticosteroid in development for allergic rhinitis, is converted to the pharmacologically active metabolite, desisobutyryl-ciclesonide (des-CIC), and des-CIC is subsequently esterified with fatty acids. Various experiments were performed to investigate ciclesonide metabolism in human nasal epithelial cells (HNEC). Human nasal epithelial cells were incubated with (a) 0.1 microM ciclesonide ...
Sweeney Mary Rose - - 2007
All flour in the USA is fortified with folic acid at a level of 140 microg/100 g which is estimated to supply an extra 100 microg daily to the average diet. Some researchers have advocated that this be increased to double and even four times this amount. Based on previous ...
Brockhurst Michael A - - 2007
Population bottlenecks are assumed to play a key role in the maintenance of social traits in microbes. Ecological parameters such as colonisation or disturbances can favour cooperation through causing population bottlenecks that enhance genetic structuring (relatedness). However, the size of the population bottleneck is likely to play a crucial role ...
Tuno Nobuko - - 2007
The mushroom genus Amanita has a spectrum of chemical compounds affecting survival and performance of animals. Ibotenic acid is one of such compounds found in some Amanita mushrooms. We studied the effects of ibotenic acid and its derivative, muscimol, on egg-to-pupa survival, pupation time, and pupal size in five Drosophila ...
Nawapun Katika - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of knowledge about the usefulness of periconceptional folic acid supplementation among pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was completed by selected subjects to assess folic acid awareness. The questionnaire was administered to pregnant women who were seeking antenatal care at King Chulalongkorn Memorial ...
Galdieri Luciano C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart defects are the result of incomplete heart development and, like many diseases, have been associated with high homocysteine concentration. METHODS: We evaluated homocysteine, folic acid and vitamin B(12) concentrations, and the mutations 677C>T and 1298A>C in MTHFR, 844ins68 in CBS and 2756A>G in MTR genes in 58 ...
Póo-Prieto Rosalia - - 2006
In 1998, the United States introduced mandatory fortification of enriched cereal-grain products with folic acid to reduce the incidence of neural tube defects. As a consequence, substantial amounts of folic acid, the synthetic form of folate, were added to the American diet, and the ability to assess folic acid intake ...
Pasanen Marja K - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1) is an uptake transporter located at the sinusoidal membrane of human hepatocytes. This study aimed to investigate the effects of genetic polymorphism in the SLCO1B1 gene encoding OATP1B1 on the pharmacokinetics of simvastatin. METHODS: Four healthy volunteers with the homozygous SLCO1B1 ...
Conlin Melissa L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Despite recommendations for women to take folic acid supplements, there has been little reduction in the number of neural tube defect cases occurring each year. AIMS: To assess the level of compliance of pregnant women to recommendations for folic acid supplementation in South Australia, and audit the labelled content ...
Djurić Dragan - - 2007
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of folic acid on coronary flow and oxidative stress markers with or without non-specific inhibition of nitric oxide synthase by L-NAME in isolated rat hearts. The hearts of male Wistar albino rats (n = 12, age 8 weeks, body mass ...
Hoegger Daniela - - 2007
A micro-analytical system for rapid and quantitative analysis by inhibition immunoassay is presented and applied to the detection of folic acid. Eight polymer microchannels of 65-nL volume each and containing microelectrodes are embedded in a cartridge so that they can be operated simultaneously. All fluidic steps as well as the ...
Alemdaroglu N Ceren - - 2007
In this present study it was aimed to determine whether the catechins contained in green tea and the whole extracts of Camellia sinensis (Theaceae) inhibit the uptake of folic acid by Caco-2 cell monolayers. Our results indicate that (-)-epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) and (-)-epicatechin 3-gallate (ECG) inhibit cellular folic acid uptake ...
Tan Bing - - 2006
Effects of the structure of an alkoxysilane on the early reaction kinetics of sol-gel polymerization are investigated in basic and acidic conditions. Six silanes, including tetraethoxysilane (TEOS), tetramethoxysilane (TMOS), methyltrimethoxysilane (MTMS), bis(trimethoxysilyl)ethane (BTMSE), bis(trimethoxysilyl)hexane (BTMSH), and bis(trimethoxysilylpropyl)amine (BTMSPA), are selected to examine the effects of progressive changes in the silane's ...
Jang Jae Kyung - - 2006
The removal of nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) was studied under anaerobic conditions using oligotrophic and copiotrophic microbial fuel cells (MFCs) as a novel wastewater treatment process. Over 85% of NTA was removed from oligotrophic MFCs enriched and maintained with fuel containing NTA, whilst the value was around 20% in oligotrophic MFCs ...
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