Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1687
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Solomons Noel W - - 2007
Folic acid (FA) supplementation effectively reduces the rates of children born with neural tube defects (NTDs). Currently, 42 nations practice mandatory FA fortification to combat NTD. In addition to NTD, FA fortification may also have salutary effects on the incidence of orofacial cleft birth defects and have secondary benefits in ...
Liu Qiaoyu - - 2008
Monolauroyl maltose was synthesized by an immobilized lipase that catalyzed condensation of maltose and lauric acid in acetone using a batch reactor or a continuous stirred tank reactor. Mono- and di-lauroyl maltoses were identified by FT-IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and MS. Monolauroyl maltose was selectively synthesized in a continuous ...
Boxmeer Jolanda C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of folic acid supplementation on the follicular fluid concentrations of folate and total homocysteine and their relationship to the diameter of the follicle. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Tertiary referral fertility clinic at the Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. PATIENT(S): Thirty-seven women undergoing ...
Li Linchuan - - 2008
We previously reported that Arabidopsis indole-3-acetic acid (IAA)-methyltransferase-1 (IAMT1) catalyzes the conversion of IAA, an essential phytohormone, to methyl-IAA (MeIAA) and that IAMT1 plays an important role in leaf development. Here, we present the possible mechanisms of action of MeIAA in Arabidopsis. We showed that MeIAA was more potent than ...
Yu Fei - - 2008
In this study, dried distillers grains (DDG) was liquefied in acidic conditions at atmospheric pressure, and polyurethane foams were subsequently prepared from the liquefied DDG. Liquefaction was examined over a range of conditions including liquefaction time of 1-3 h, temperature of 150-170 degrees C, sulfuric acid (as catalyst) concentration of ...
Hilton Judith Johnson - - 2007
PURPOSE: To investigate public understanding of the importance of folic acid intake in young women aged 18-24 years. DATA SOURCES: A written questionnaire designed by the researcher was administered to 138 young women aged 18-24 years attending college or those seeking care in the county health facility. A total of ...
Powers Hilary J - - 2007
Epidemiologic data suggest that increasing folate intake may protect against colorectal cancer. Riboflavin may interact with folate to modulate the effect. A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled intervention study (the FAB2 Study) was carried out in healthy controls and patients with colorectal polyps (adenomatous and hyperplastic) to examine effects of folic acid ...
Gamble Mary V MV Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2007
Chronic arsenic exposure currently affects >100 million persons worldwide. Methylation of ingested inorganic arsenic (InAs) to monomethylarsonic (MMAs) and dimethylarsinic (DMAs) acids relies on folate-dependent one-carbon metabolism and facilitates urinary arsenic elimination. We hypothesized that folic acid supplementation to arsenic-exposed Bangladeshi adults would increase arsenic methylation and thereby lower total ...
McKay Jill A - - 2008
Epidemiological studies suggest an inverse association between folic acid intake and colorectal cancer risk. Conversely, conventional treatment of existing tumours includes the use of folate antagonists. This suggests that the level of exposure to folate and its timing in relation to stage of tumorigenesis may be critical in determining outcomes. ...
Pellis Linette - - 2008
Folate, a water-soluble B vitamin, is a cofactor in one-carbon metabolism and is essential for DNA synthesis, amino acid interconversion, methylation and, consequently, normal cell growth. In animals with existing pre-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions, folic acid supplementation increases the tumour burden. To identify processes that are affected by increased folic ...
Lushnikova E L - - 2007
Structural reorganization of the myocardium in response to antitumor agents (cyclophosphamide, betulonic acid and its amide) was studied. Cardiotoxic effects of these chemicals manifested in cardiomyocyte contracture and lytic injuries and by significant hemodynamic disorders. The most pronounced lytic and necrobiotic changes in cardiomyocytes were detected after injection of cyclophosphamide ...
Falandysz J - - 2007
Total mercury content has been determined in the fruiting bodies of fly agaric (Amanita muscaria) and topsoil layer (0-10 cm) collected from 14 spatially distant sites across Poland. Mercury was measured by cold-vapor atomic absorption spectroscopy (CV-AAS) after nitric acid (mushrooms) or nitric acid and sulfuric acid (soil) digestion of ...
Beaudin Anna E - - 2007
Neural tube defects (NTDs) refer to a cluster of neurodevelopmental conditions associated with failure of neural tube closure during embryonic development. Worldwide prevalence of NTDs ranges from approximately 0.5 to 60 per 10,000 births, with regional and population-specific variation in prevalence. Numerous environmental and genetic influences contribute to NTD etiology; ...
Kaandorp Guido C - - 2007
In this paper optimal outpatient appointment scheduling is studied. A local search procedure is derived that converges to the optimal schedule with a weighted average of expected waiting times of patients, idle time of the doctor and tardiness (lateness) as objective. No-shows are allowed to happen. For certain combinations of ...
Moens An L - - 2007
Tetrahydrobiopterin is the reduced unconjugated pterin that serves as an essential cofactor for the normal enzymatic function of the aromatic amino acid hydroxylases and for the nitric oxide synthases (NOS). Its role in the latter biochemistry is being increasing appreciated, as depletion or oxidation of BH4 results in a condition ...
Zhang Bo-Tao - - 2008
Based on the chemiluminescence (CL) phenomena of folic acid in peroxomonosulfate-cobalt(II) system, a rapid and sensitive CL method was developed for determination of folic acid in pharmaceutical preparations and its urinary metabolism processes. Under the optimum conditions, the relative CL intensity was linear over the concentration ranging from 10(-9) to ...
Naponelli Valeria V Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, - - 2007
Tritiated forms of polyglutamyl folates are not commercially available but are often needed for experimental uses in folate biochemistry. Thus, considerable interest exists in the preparation of polyglutamyl [(3)H]folates from the commercial monoglutamyl [(3)H]folates. However, refinement of established enzymatic and biological synthesis methods is still needed. To address this need ...
Scialli Anthony R - - 2007
Perfluoroalkane acids are present in biologic samples from >90% of people in the developed world. Because people may be exposed to multiple perfluoroalkane acids, it is reasonable to consider whether the exposure levels of these agents can be combined for risk assessment purposes. To investigate this possibility, we considered whether ...
Xu Yajun - - 2008
Maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy can induce central nervous system abnormalities in the fetus, and folic acid supplementation can reverse some of the effects. The objective of the present study was to investigate prenatal alcohol exposure-induced fetal brain proteome alteration and the protective effect of folic acid using proteomic techniques. ...
Sinha Rajeshwar P - - 2007
A database on UV-absorbing mycosporines and mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) has been constructed that provides information on various mycosporines and MAAs reported in fungi, cyanobacteria, macroalgae, phytoplankton and animals from aquatic and terrestrial habitats. It also contains information on biosynthetic routes of MAAs as well as on the absorption maxima ...
Liu Simin - - 2007
Inverted cucurbit[n]urils (iCB[n]) form as intermediates during the synthesis of cucurbit[n]urils from glycoluril and formaldehyde in HCl (85 degrees C). Product resubmission experiments establish that the diastereomeric iCB[6] and iCB[7] are kinetic products that are less stable thermodynamically than CB[6] or CB[7] (>2.8 kcal mol(-1)). When iCB[6] or iCB[7] is ...
Avallone Antonio - - 2007
5-Fluorouracil, usually in combination with folinic acid, is widely used in the treatment of both colorectal and head and neck squamous cell cancer patients. Since 5-fluorouracil plus folinic acid and the antifolate thymidylate synthase inhibitor; raltitrexed have distinct mechanisms of action and toxicity profiles, we have evaluated the potential synergistic ...
Kim Il-Young - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the regenerative effects of a tetracycline blended polylactic and polyglycolic acid (TC-PLGA) and non-blended polylactic and polyglycolic acid (PLGA) barrier membrane on one-wall intrabony defects in beagle dogs. It can be concluded that when used for guided tissue regeneration TC-PLGA membranes show ...
Nam Kyong-Hee - - 2008
Temperature is one of the major environmental factors affecting potato tuberization. It has been suggested that lipoxygenase (LOX) mediates between temperature and tuber induction. In this study, the contents of the LOX-derived metabolites hydroperoxylinolenic acid (HPOT), jasmonic acid (JA), tuberonic acid (TA) and tuberonic acid glucoside (TAG) were analyzed in ...
Yanaguita M Y - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Maternal folic acid deficiency is the most important metabolic factor in the etiology of neural tube defects (NTD) and is reduced by ethanol, which is extensively consumed by young women. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether folic acid supplementation in dietary saccharose is efficient in ...
Wright Anthony J A - - 2007
Following an introduction of the importance of folates and the rationale for seeking to estimate fractional folate absorption from foods (especially for countries not having a mandatory folic acid fortification policy), scientific papers covering the mechanisms of folate absorption and initial biotransformation are discussed. There appears (post-1983) to be a ...
Roth-Maier Dora A - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the enrichment of folic acid in eggs by supplementing hens' diet. Seventy-two hens (LSL) were assigned to 5 dietary groups and supplemented with 0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0 mg folic acid/kg feed during an 8-week period. Eggs for folic acid ...
Yoshikawa Shigeru - - 2007
Two basic types of wood are used to make stringed musical instruments: woods for soundboards (top plates) and those for frame boards (back and side plates). A new way to classify the acoustical properties of woods and clearly separate these two groups is proposed in this paper. The transmission parameter ...
Ashokkumar Balasubramaniem - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Folic acid [corrected] plays an essential role in cellular metabolism. Its deficiency can lead to neural tube defects. However, optimization of body folate homeostasis can reduce the incidence of neural tube defects and may decrease the risk of Alzheimer and cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Hence, food fortification and intake ...
Beets Michael W - - 2007
The purpose of the study was to examine the accuracy of pedometer steps and activity time (Walk4Life, WL) for youth with developmental disabilities. Eighteen youth (11 girls, 7 boys) 4-14 years completed six 80-meter self-paced walking trials while wearing a pedometer at five waist locations (front right, front left, back ...
Chichiriccò G - - 2007
We assessed the pollen hydration, the pollen germination, and the stigma papilla penetration of CROCUS VERNUS subsp. VERNUS (Iridaceae) after 2 h fumigations with O (3), NO (2), and CO gases within humidified (90 - 100 % RH) box experiments. When the pollen and the pistil were separately fumigated, the ...
Alba Raul - - 2007
Current strategies to amplify helper-dependent adenovirus, based on excision of the packaging signal, do not routinely reduce helper adenovirus contamination below 1%. Here, we have tested if reducing the efficiency of the packaging process of the helper adenovirus could impair its packaging without affecting helper-dependent adenovirus production. Interestingly, insertion of ...
Cole Bernard F BF Department of Community and Family Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH, USA. - - 2007
Laboratory and epidemiological data suggest that folic acid may have an antineoplastic effect in the large intestine. To assess the safety and efficacy of folic acid supplementation for preventing colorectal adenomas. A double-blind, placebo-controlled, 2-factor, phase 3, randomized clinical trial conducted at 9 clinical centers between July 6, 1994, and ...
Wang Xiaobin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of treatments that lower homocysteine concentrations in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease remains controversial. Our aim was to do a meta-analysis of relevant randomised trials to assess the efficacy of folic acid supplementation in the prevention of stroke. METHODS: We collected data from eight randomised trials ...
Tebayashi Shin-ichi - - 2007
Sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum) leaves at the mature stage have strong ovipositional deterrence against Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) (Diptera, Agromyzidae), whereas the cotyledons are fiercely attacked by the fly. Treatment of the cotyledons with 50 microM and 100 microM of a jasmonic acid (JA) solution caused the plant to acquire strong ...
Mao Lixin - - 2007
Ku Shen, Sophora flavescens Aiton (Leguminosae), contains alkaloids that possess broad biological activities. This study showed that total matrines (a mixture of the alkaloids), and matrine and oxymatrine (two major alkaloids) had a strong antifeedant effect against Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae), at all tested concentrations (ranging ...
Couteau C - - 2007
In this work, the authors study the influence of filter concentration on the SPF in a topical product measured in vitro. Firstly, the method was adapted by determining that a mass of 15 mg of product must be applied on the PMMA (polymethylmethacrylate) plate in order to have the best ...
McClurg Sarah E - - 2007
Restoration programs are expanding worldwide, but assessments of restoration effectiveness are rare. The objectives of our study were to assess current acid-precipitation remediation programs in streams of the Allegheny Plateau ecoregion of West Virginia (USA), identify specific attributes that could and could not be fully restored, and quantify temporal trends ...
Sofer Yael - - 2007
Folate is essential for normal brain development. This report describes a 15-month-old boy who presented with generalized and focal seizures and a decline in mental status. Laboratory tests revealed low folate levels in blood (1.13 nmol/L) and cerebrospinal fluid, accompanied by pancytopenia. Bone marrow aspiration confirmed the presence of megaloblastic ...
Lau Christopher - - 2007
In recent years, human and wildlife monitoring studies have identified perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAA) worldwide. This has led to efforts to better understand the hazards that may be inherent in these compounds, as well as the global distribution of the PFAAs. Much attention has focused on understanding the toxicology of the ...
Pawar Kiran D - - 2007
Callus cultures of Calophyllum inophyllum were established using seed, nodal/ internodal and leaf explants on WPM basal medium supplemented with indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), alpha-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA), picloram (4-amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid), and 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) in different combinations and concentrations with the view to study the influence of hormones on callus induction ...
Gaweda Sylwia - - 2007
A new bioinspired nanomaterial has been obtained by chemisorption of folic acid onto nanocrystalline titanium dioxide. The organic chromophore is linked with the semiconductor surface via the glutamate chain and anchored with the carboxylate group. The geometry and electronic structure of the chromophore was studied in detail with DFT. Photoelectrochemical ...
Youssef Noha H - - 2007
Biosurfactants could potentially replace or be used in conjunction with synthetic surfactants to provide for more cost-effective subsurface remediation. The design of surfactant formulations that are effective in lowering interfacial tension (IFT), which is necessary to mobilize entrapped hydrocarbons, requires information about the surface-active agent (surfactant) and the targeted non-aqueous ...
Seo Mi Jin - - 2007
A simplified technique for the cryoprotection of dormant shoot-tips was developed for the germplasm conservation of herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.). The highest post-thaw regrowth level was obtained from shoot-tips desiccated by air drying for 5 h. The post-thaw regrowth of P. lactiflora. var. 'Mikang' was the highest (74.9 percent) ...
Ray Joel G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Low maternal vitamin B(12) status may be a risk factor for neural tube defects (NTDs). Prior studies used relatively insensitive measures of B(12), did not adjust for folate levels, and were conducted in countries without folic acid food fortification. In Canada, flour has been fortified with folic acid since ...
Bower Carol - - 2007
Firm evidence from randomized, controlled trials that maternal periconceptional folic acid reduced the risk of neural-tube defects was published in the early 1990s. Despite promotion of periconceptional folic acid supplement use, no more than 50% of women take them and so mandatory fortification of a staple food has been considered ...
Cond? Ivano - - 2007
The defective expression of frataxin causes the hereditary neurodegenerative disorder Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA). Human frataxin is synthesized as a 210 amino acid precursor protein, which needs proteolytic processing into mitochondria to be converted into the functional mature form. In vitro processing of human frataxin was previously described to yield a ...
Jiménez L - - 2008
In this work, we studied the influence of operational variables in the bleaching of soda pulp of Musa textilis nee (abaca) [viz. temperature (55-85 degrees C), bleaching time (30-150 min) and peracetic acid concentration oven dry pulp (0.5-4.5%)] on the kappa number and viscosity of the bleached pulp, as well ...
Ward Weslyn C - - 2007
Neuromelanin (NM) isolated from the substantia nigra of the human brain is found to contain a series of dolichoic acids (dol-CA) containing 14-20 isoprene units. This is the first observation of dol-CA in a natural system. Using internally spiked nor-dolichol and nor-dolichoic acid standards, the concentrations of dolichol (dol) and ...
Zhu Huiping - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Periconceptional folic acid supplementation is widely believed to aid in the prevention of neural tube defects (NTDs), orofacial clefts, and congenital heart defects. Folate-binding proteins or receptors serve to bind folic acid and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate, representing one of the two major mechanisms of cellular folate uptake. METHODS: We herein describe ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >