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Ho Gloria Y F GY Department of Epidemiology & Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA. - - 2009
The Aspirin/Folate Polyp Prevention Trial found that aspirin, but not folic acid, reduced recurrence of colorectal adenomas. This study examined whether treatment effects on inflammation markers explained the trial results. The trial had a factorial design with three aspirin (placebo, 81, and 325 mg/d) and two folic acid (placebo and ...
Gaweesh Sherief - - 2010
Over the past four decades, it was found that folic acid supplementation produced an antidepressant-like effect mediated by interaction with the brain noradrenergic receptors (inhibitory effect) and serotonergic receptors (stimulatory effect). Hot flushes occur in postmenopausal women because of disturbances in the thermoregulatory centre, most likely as a result of ...
Galán I - - 2010
Hamburgers enriched with different amounts of folic acid (0.6, 1.2 and 2.4 mg/100g) were manufactured. They were then treated with doses of 2-4 kGy of ionizing radiation in order to increase their safety. The effects of these treatments on the colour, texture parameters, and sensory quality of the meat, as ...
Ibrahim Ezzeldin M - - 2010
Conflicting data have emerged from preclinical and clinical studies that examined the relationship between folic acid and the risk of recurrence of colorectal adenomas. To determine precisely that relation, we planned this metaanalysis. We searched literature to identify interventional randomized, placebo-controlled studies where folic acid in specific dose and for ...
Kondo Atsuo - - 2009
It is known that neural tube defects are folic acid preventable congenital anomalies. We investigated to what extent this information was disseminated among laywomen and healthcare providers. Questionnaire studies were conducted twice, in 2002 and 2007, for four groups of laywomen and seven groups of healthcare providers in Japan regarding ...
Vyas Swati - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Despite public health campaigns based on Fe and folic acid supplements, Fe-deficiency anaemia remains highly prevalent among women in India. We investigated leaf concentrate as an alternative to Fe and folic acid supplements for treating anaemia in adolescent girls. DESIGN: Randomised controlled two-arm trial over 3 months: one group ...
Bailey Steven W - - 2009
Numerous clinical trials using folic acid for prevention of cardiovascular disease, stroke, cognitive decline, and neural tube defects have been completed or are underway. Yet, all functions of folate are performed by tetrahydrofolate and its one-carbon derivatives. Folic acid is a synthetic oxidized form not significantly found in fresh natural ...
Lam J K W - - 2009
Folic acid has been investigated as a targeting ligand for imaging and therapeutic agent for over a decade; however, studies on its use in targeting of nonviral gene or nucleic acids delivery systems are sparse. This study assesses potential application of a new folic acid conjugate with aminomethacrylate-phosphoryl-choline based copolymer ...
Majumdar Sangita - - 2009
The effect of folic acid and folic acid + vitamin B(12) supplementation upon short-term arsenic-induced systemic and pancreatic islet cell mitochondria oxidative stress was investigated in male rats. Arsenic trioxide was administered orally at a dose of 3 mg kg body weight(-1) day(-1) for 30 days, and folic acid and ...
Baggott Joseph E - - 2009
To assess the catabolism of methotrexate (MTX) to 7-hydroxy-MTX (7-OH-MTX) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis as well as the effect of folic acid and folinic acid on this catabolism. Urinary excretion of MTX and its catabolite, 7-OH-MTX, was measured in 2 24-hour urine specimens collected after MTX therapy. Urine samples ...
Ho Ja-an Annie - - 2009
A folic acid-anchored, poly(ethylene glycol)-linked (PEGgylated) phospholipid and an immunoaffinity chromatographic column were prepared and employed to develop a liposomal immunodiagnostic assay for the direct determination of folic acid (FA) in this study. Distearoylphosphatidylethanolamine-poly(ethylene glycol)2000-folic acid (DSPE-PEG2000-FA) was synthesized through carbodiimide-mediated coupling of FA and DSPE-PEG2000-amine and characterized using thin ...
Bazzano Lydia A - - 2009
High levels of homocysteine, a non-protein-forming, sulfur-containing amino acid, have been associated with elevated cardiovascular risk in observational studies. Support for the homocysteine hypothesis comes from 2 primary lines of epidemiologic evidence, observational studies, such as case control and cohort studies, and studies of genetic variation. On the basis of ...
Stewart Christine P - - 2009
Previously, we showed that antenatal micronutrient supplementation increases birth weight in a malnourished rural South Asian setting, but the long-term effects are unknown. Between 1999 and 2001, pregnant women were sector-randomized to receive from early pregnancy through 3 mo postpartum daily micronutrient supplements containing either vitamin A alone as the ...
Bhutta Zulfiqar - - 2009
We assessed the effectiveness of iron+folic acid for the treatment of severe anemia [hemoglobin (Hb) <70 g/L] and the efficacy of added multivitamins and/or anthelminthics among children aged 6-24 mo in periurban Karachi, Pakistan. The study design was a double blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of currently recommended daily iron (25 ...
Aufreiter Susanne - - 2009
Folate deficiency increases the risk of several human diseases. Likewise, high intakes of folate, particularly synthetic folic acid intake, may be associated with adverse health outcomes in humans. A more comprehensive understanding of the "input side" of folate nutrition may help to set dietary recommendations that strike the right balance ...
Wolff Tracy - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Neural tube defects (NTDs) are among the most common birth defects in the United States. In 1996, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended that all women planning a pregnancy or capable of conception take a supplement containing folic acid to reduce the risk for NTDs. PURPOSE: To ...
- - 2009
DESCRIPTION: In 1996, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended that all women planning or capable of pregnancy take a multivitamin supplement containing folic acid for the prevention of neural tube defects. This recommendation is an update of the 1996 USPSTF recommendation. METHODS: The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on ...
Varela-Moreiras Gregorio - - 2009
Cobalamin deficiency can lead to several adverse health consequences: folate trapping in the methylation cycle and subsequent impaired DNA biosynthesis; pernicious anemia hematologically, similar to that caused by folate deficiency; elevated blood homocysteine (tHcy) (risk factor for cardiovascular disease and adverse pregnancy outcomes); and neural tube defects (NTDs). Population-wide folate ...
Lawrence Mark A - - 2009
The purpose of this paper is to present an examination of the contrasting policies towards mandatory folic acid fortification in six countries from different regions of the world. Three questions are addressed: 1) What is the policy of the country? 2) Why was the policy adopted? 3) What lessons have ...
Unal Ersin Selcuk - - 2009
This report addresses the functional role of His residues in the proton-coupled folate transporter (PCFT; SLC46A1), which mediates intestinal folate absorption. Of ten His residues, only H247A and H281A mutations altered function. The folic acid influx Kt at pH 5.5 for H247A was downward arrow 8.4-fold. Although wild type (WT)-PCFT ...
Omar Rasha M - - 2009
This paper studied the possible effect of folic acid in fortified Baladi bread on the prevention of colon cancer development in rats. Wheat flour samples (82% extraction rate) and soy bean flour were analyzed to determine their folic acid contents using the High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Unfortified and folic ...
Czeizel Andrew E - - 2009
The pioneering studies of Smithells et al. showed the reduction of recurrent neural-tube defects (NTD) after periconceptional folic acid-containing multivitamin supplementation. The Hungarian Periconceptional Service was established in 1984, and this primary health care system offered a chance to organize a randomized controlled trial to check whether the supplementation of ...
Blom Henk J - - 2009
This review provides a brief description of folate use and folic acid metabolism in relation to neural tube defect (NTD) risk. First, a meta-analysis of reduction in NTD recurrence and occurrence risk with periconceptional folic acid supplementation is presented. Second, an overview of the complex folate metabolism is given. Third, ...
Ling Sharon Sheue Nee - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: A liposome preparation that is amenable to receptor-mediated endocytosis has been developed to enhance the oral bioavailability of poorly absorbable peptidomimetic drugs by use of folic acid as the mediator of liposomal uptake. METHODS: Folic acid was physically coupled to the surface of the liposomes and cefotaxime was used ...
Oakley Godfrey P GP - - 2009
One of the most remarkable successes of epidemiology was the demonstration in the late twentieth century that spina bifida and anencephaly-two of the most common and severe birth defects-are caused primarily by folate deficiency. This article reviews the descriptive epidemiological studies that began when we did not have a clue ...
Figueiredo Jane C - - 2009
Global loss of methylated cytosines in DNA, thought to predispose to chromosomal instability and aneuploidy, has been associated with an increased risk of colorectal neoplasia. Little is known about the relationships between global hypomethylation and lifestyle, demographics, dietary measures, and genetic factors. Our data were collected as part of a ...
Leeming R J - - 2009
Autism is increasing-but why? Birth defect prevention trials were based on the teleological assumption that folic acid could prevent neural tube defects without consideration of long-term effects, some of which could be beneficial, some of which might be harmful. We therefore ask-Is it impossible to look again at these cohorts?
Sie Karen K Y - - 2009
Folate may prevent or promote cancer development and progression depending on the timing of intervention. Intrauterine exposure to folic acid has drastically increased in North America due to mandatory fortification and supplemental use of folic acid, which may influence the risk of breast cancer in the offspring. We investigated the ...
Guo Hangyuan - - 2009
High plasma homocysteine (Hcy) levels are known to be associated with coronary artery disease, but the precise level associated with an increased risk is yet controversial. Whether the beneficial effects of folic acid on arterial endothelial function persist over longer periods is not known. This study was carried out to ...
Brämswig Susanne S Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, Human Nutrition II-Pathophysiology of Nutrition, University of Bonn, Endenicher Allee 11 - 13, D-53 115 Bonn, - - 2009
The lowest risk of having a child with a neural tube defect (NTD) was related to red blood cell (RBC) folate concentrations of >906 nmol/L. For NTD prevention, it is recommended that women use periconceptional supplementation of 400 microg/day folic acid. Using this dose previous studies indicate that RBC folate ...
Brough L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The role of folate supplementation in preventing neural tube defects is well known; however, preconception supplement use continues to be low, especially amongst the socially disadvantaged. The present study explored periconception folic acid supplement use in a socially deprived, ethnically diverse population. METHODS: Pregnant women (n = 402) in ...
Ntaios George - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Observational studies have suggested a causal relationship between hyperhomocysteinemia and cardiovascular complications such as stroke and ischemic heart disease. The Homocysteine Lowering Trialists' Collaboration has shown that daily administration of folic acid can significantly decrease homocysteine levels up to 25%. Aim of this study was to investigate the effect ...
Taira, Shu
We have prepared extremely small functionalized nanoparticles (NPs) and showed that they could be introduced into living cells without modification (e.g. cationic coating) to enhance endocytic internalization. However, the internalization depended on physical adsorption of the particles on the cell surfaces, and therefore the internalization process was nonselective. Here, we ...
Klaus Sebastian - - 2009
We investigated the ultrastructure of spermatozoa and spermatophores of 19 palaeotropical freshwater crab species [12 species of the Gecarcinucidae, 6 of the Potamidae (Potamiscinae), and 1 species of the Potamonautidae (Deckeniinae: Hydrothelphusini)]. The investigated Potamiscinae have densely packed coenospermic spermatophores with the exception of Thaiphusa sirikit and Johora singaporensis that ...
Gravier Julien - - 2009
The drawbacks of the presently used photosensitizers include their relatively low selectivity toward cancer cells, and long-lasting accumulation in healthy tissues. Our recent results indicate that conjugating a photosensitizer with folic acid both enhances the active uptake by cells, and decreases the accumulation in healthy tissue. Here, the interaction between ...
Goldstein Tracey - - 2009
Domoic acid is a glutaminergic neurotoxin produced by marine algae such as Pseudo-nitzschia australis. California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) ingest the toxin when foraging on planktivorous fish. Adult females comprise 60% of stranded animals admitted for rehabilitation due to acute domoic acid toxicosis and commonly suffer from reproductive failure, including ...
Bell Karen N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The number of countries fortifying wheat and maize flour with folic acid has increased in the past 2 years. Folic acid prevents most cases of spina bifida and anencephaly by raising serum folate levels among women capable of bearing children, as does encouraging women to consume folic acid supplements ...
Soeiro Bruno T - - 2009
The aim of the present work was to determine parameters of the corn and wheat flour matrix, such as protein, lipid, moisture, ash and carbohydrates, folic acid and iron contents. Three principal components explained 91% of the total variance. Wheat flours were characterized by high protein and moisture content. On ...
Kondo Atsuo - - 2009
Spina bifida and anencephaly, the common form of neural tube defects, affect approximately 300 000 newborns each year worldwide. The effectiveness of folic acid supplementation in preventing their occurrence or recurrence has been unambiguous since 1991. In general, the prevalence of these abnormalities has decreased in the past 20 to ...
Steegers-Theunissen Régine P - - 2009
Countries worldwide recommend women planning pregnancy to use daily 400 microg of synthetic folic acid in the periconceptional period to prevent birth defects in children. The underlying mechanisms of this preventive effect are not clear, however, epigenetic modulation of growth processes by folic acid is hypothesized. Here, we investigated whether ...
Liao Yilan - - 2009
Birth defects are a major cause of infant mortality and disability in many parts of the world. Neural tube defects (NTDs) are one of the most common types of birth defects. In 2001, the Chinese population and family planning commission initiated a national intervention program for the prevention of birth ...
Prasertmanakit Satit - - 2009
Ethyl cellulose microcapsules were developed for use as a drug-delivery device for protecting folic acid from release and degradation in the undesirable environmental conditions of the stomach, whilst allowing its release in the intestinal tract to make it available for absorption. The controlled release folic acid-loaded ethyl cellulose microcapsules were ...
Sweeney Mary R MR UCD School of Public Health and Population Science, University College Dublin, and Coombe Women's and Infant's Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. - - 2009
Ireland is an example of a country that has extensive voluntary fortification with folic acid. After a public consultation process, in 2006, the Food Safety Authority in Ireland FSAI 1 recommended mandatory fortification. However due to safety considerations this decision is now on hold. Before mandatory fortification goes ahead, existing ...
Lardet Ludovic - - 2009
We compared embryogenic capacities of integument explants excised from three sources of the Hevea brasiliensis (Müll. Arg.) mature genotype PB 260. The three sources were 17-year-old (BT 86) and 7-year-old (BT 96) budded trees and 7-year-old emblings (EM 96). The highest proportions of embryogenic calluses obtained from the total number ...
Heseker Helmut B - - 2009
Some countries have introduced mandatory folic acid fortification, whereas others support periconceptional supplementation of women in childbearing age. Several European countries are considering whether to adopt a fortification policy. Projections of the possible beneficial effects of increased folic acid intake assume that the measure will result in a considerable reduction ...
Hirakawa Kazutaka - - 2009
A method for the fluorometry of singlet oxygen ((1)O(2)) using less fluorescent folic acid and its analogue, methotrexate (MTX), was examined. Folic acid and MTX were decomposed into a strongly fluorescent pteridine compound via a photosensitized reaction by (1)O(2)-generating photosensitizers in a deuterium oxide solution. The fluorescence intensity increased in ...
Hamner Heather C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Folic acid can prevent up to 70% of neural tube defects (NTDs) if taken before pregnancy. Compared with other race-ethnicities, Hispanic women have higher rates of NTDs, lower rates of folic acid supplement use, and lower total folic acid intakes. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess potential effects of ...
Houghton Lisa A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Many lactating women in North America are exposed to high synthetic folic acid intakes because of food fortification and vitamin supplement use. Few data exist on the potential long-term effect of high folic acid intakes on milk folate concentrations, whereas no data are available on the effect of supplemental ...
Tsai Michael Y - - 2009
Moderate hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with many diseases. Major factors affecting plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations include folate concentrations and polymorphisms in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene. Because U.S.-mandated fortification of grain products with folic acid has improved folate and tHcy status in Americans, we investigated the effect of the MTHFR ...
Bhattacharya Shiladitya - - 2008
Folic acid was derivatized specifically at its gamma-carboxyl group to retain its ligand-binding activity to the folate receptor alpha (FRalpha) present on HeLa cells. Amphiphilic molecules labeled with folic acid were prepared by conjugation of long-chain primary amines directly or via diamine linkers to the gamma-carboxyl group of folic acid. ...
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