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Results 451 - 500 of 1685
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Weingaertner Jens - - 2005
Unless genetically caused, the occurrence of neural tube defects and clefts of the lip, alveolus and palate are not associated. These malformations do, however, share some common causes, one of which is folic acid deficiency. Nevertheless, it is not known why a neural tube defect resulting from folic acid deficiency ...
Strober Bruce E - - 2005
Methotrexate is a folate antagonist that is a well-established therapy for autoimmune and inflammatory conditions. In some patients, methotrexate is associated with significant side effects and toxicity. Folate supplementation is often used to ameliorate methotrexate-associated side effects and toxicities. We sought to demonstrate that folate supplementation during methotrexate therapy reduces ...
Trabalon Marie - - 2005
We investigated the effect of exogenously administered 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) on sexual behavior and on contact sex signals of adult females of the spider Tegenaria atrica. In untreated or control females cannibalism occurred in 36-47% of encounters, whereas no cannibalism at all was observed with 20E-treated females. The frequency of sexual ...
Taha M O - - 2005
The aim of this study is to explore the potential of synthetic modifications of alginic acid as a method to enhance the stability of its complexes with divalent cations under physiological conditions. A fraction of algin's carboxylic acid moieties was substituted with thiol groups to different substitution degrees through conjugating ...
Williams Emma - - 2005
Evidence suggests that low folate status may be detrimental to mood and associated with depleted cerebrospinal fluid levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT). A placebo-controlled trial was carried out to determine the effect of folic acid supplementation (100 microg for 6 weeks followed by 200 microg for a further ...
Asrar Farhan M - - 2005
A large pool of folate exists in the large intestine of humans. Preliminary evidence, primarily in vitro, suggests that this folate may be bioavailable. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that supplemental folic acid and bacterially synthesized folate are absorbed across the large intestine of piglets. ...
Khanna Dinesh - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of folic acid on the efficacy of methotrexate (MTX) treatment in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) at 12 months in 2 phase III randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of leflunomide in which MTX was used as a comparator. METHODS: Analyses were restricted to patients randomized to receive MTX ...
Dragoni Saverio - - 2005
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) uncoupling is a condition of increased production of superoxide anion associated with a decreased production of nitric oxide (NO) by this enzyme. Folic acid can prevent and/or reverse NOS uncoupling in the setting of diabetes, smoking, hypercholesterolemia, and nitrate tolerance. Whereas animal studies showed a protective ...
- - 2005
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are serious birth defects of the spine (spina bifida) and brain (anencephaly), affecting approximately 3,000 pregnancies each year in the United States. Daily periconceptional consumption of 400 mug of folic acid, as recommended by the Public Health Service (PHS) since 1992, reduces the occurrence of NTDs ...
Qiao Qing-An - - 2005
A density functional theory (DFT) study is presented on the reaction mechanism of glycinamide ribonucleotide (GAR) with 10-formyl-5,8,10-trideazafolic acid (10f-TDAF), which is an inhibitor designed for GAR transformylase (GAR Tfase). There are three different paths for this system and the results indicate that inhibitor 10f-TDAF can form a very stable ...
Lee Geon-Woong - - 2005
The dispersion of pristine and nitric acid-treated single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) has been studied in organic solvents and solvent mixtures using optical absorption, as a function of settling time. The extinction coefficients of both the pristine and acid-treated tubes at 500-nm wavelength was measured to be 25.5 (mg/L)(-1) cm(-1) in ...
Schiffl Helmut - - 2006
BACKGROUND: While folic acid deficiency causes macrocytic anaemia in non-renal patients, the relevance of altered folate metabolism in anaemia of end-stage renal disease and its response to rHu-EPO is less clear. METHODS: Ten haemodialysis patients with macrocytic anaemia due to dietary folic acid deficiency were compared to 10 matched (age, ...
Liu Min - - 2005
(99m)Technetium-labeled diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid-polyethylene glycol-folate (DTPA-PEG-folate) was synthesized and tested as a radiopharmaceutical agent, which targeted the lymphatic system with metastatic tumor. Folic acid was reacted with H2N-PEG-NH2 to yield H2N-PEG-folate. After purification by anion-exchange chromatography, the product was reacted with cyclic DTPA. By removal of unreacted DTPA by size-exclusion ...
Guo Y - - 2005
Cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) is a geneticly polymorphic enzyme responsible for the metabolism of some clinically important drugs. CYP2C9*13 is an allele identified in a Chinese poor metabolizer of lornoxicam which has a Leu90Pro amino acid substitution. This paper reports on a study aimed at comparing the catalytic properties of ...
Brosch Sibylle - - 2005
Surprisingly, singing and music sometimes are connected with poor or even lethal outcomes. One example is personified in the legend of Orpheus, who through the power of his songs, succeeded in leading the wild Thracians into the Greek religion. This did not save him, however, from being murdered by Thracian ...
Nisha P - - 2005
Kinetics of folic acid degradation in cowpea (Vigna catjang L.) as well as in pure folic acid solutions at initial concentrations present in cowpea over a temperature range of 50-120 degrees C (isothermal conditions) followed first order reaction kinetics, where the rate constant increased with an increase in temperature. The ...
Liu Yang - - 2005
A trichloroacetic acid treatment at 140 degrees C for 40 min was successfully established as a suitable solvolysis procedure for the recovery of bound deoxynivalenol or its derivatives in Fusarium-infected plants. Deoxynivalenol itself was not decomposed in the procedure. The derivative 15-acetyl-deoxynivalenol was chosen as a model compound for setting ...
Luo J - - 2006
Studies of odour-control pilot-scale biofilters at a rendering plant were conducted for five years. The biofilters contained different sizes of crushed pine bark or a mixture of zeolite and crushed bark, and treated the exhaust gases from direct-fired meal dryers. The exhaust gases were odorous and contained significant smoke. The ...
Dietrich Marion - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Since January 1998, the Federal Drug Administration has required folic acid fortification of all enriched cereal-grain products in the U.S. This program intended to increase folic acid intake among women of childbearing age in order to decrease their risk of pregnancies affected by neural tube defects. The aim of ...
Forrester M B - - 2005
Folic acid (folacin, pteroylglutamic acid) is a monoglutamate form of the water-soluble B vitamin that is involved in the synthesis of nucleotides and amino acids and the normal maturation of red blood cells. This study describes the folic acid calls received by Texas poison centers during 1998-2003. There were 650 ...
Mui Ernest J - - 2005
The triazine WR99210 [4,6-diamino-1,2-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-1-(2,4,5-trichlorophenoxypropyloxy)-1,3,5 triazine] inhibits Toxoplasma gondii in vitro at nanomolar levels (P < 0.05). The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) was approximately 50 nM. It is a potent inhibitor in vitro and is also effective in vivo. Administration of WR99210 parenterally (i.e., intraperitoneally) reduced the mean number of RH ...
Boissiere Julien - - 2005
We aimed to assess the accuracy of Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) in detecting right ventricle (RV) dysfunction and electromechanical coupling alteration following pulmonary hypertension (PHT) in rat. PHT was induced by chronic hypoxia exposure (hypoxic PHT) or monocrotaline treatment (monocrotaline PHT). In both PHT models, we observed transparietal RV pressure ...
Carter Jane Y - - 2005
Malaria and anemia are common conditions in patients presenting to outpatient clinics in Kenya. Anemia is usually due to malaria infection with underlying micronutrient deficiency. Iron therapy has been shown to enhance recovery from anemia in children with malaria, without affecting malaria treatment. Iron and folic acid are often prescribed ...
Nunes B - - 2005
Pharmaceuticals are continuously dispersed into the environment as a result of human and veterinary use, posing relevant environmental concerns. This study evaluated the acute toxicity of three therapeutic agents (diazepam, clofibrate, and clofibric acid) and a detergent (sodium dodecyl sulfate; SDS) in three aquatic species, namely the euryhaline fish Gambusia ...
Linthorne Nicholas P - - 2005
In this study, we found that the optimum take-off angle for a long jumper may be predicted by combining the equation for the range of a projectile in free flight with the measured relations between take-off speed, take-off height and take-off angle for the athlete. The prediction method was evaluated ...
Nygren-Babol Linnéa - - 2005
The interactions between bovine folate-binding protein (FBP) and different folate derivatives in pure diastereoisomeric forms were studied at pH 7.4 by a surface plasmon resonance technology (Biacore). The results show that folic acid had the most rapid association rate (k(a) = 1.0 x 10(6) M(-)(1) s(-)(1)), whereas (6S)-5-HCO-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolic acid had ...
Mazeh D - - 2005
In the elderly, folic acid deficiency may result in psychiatric symptoms or the increases in severity of other organic and non-organic mental diseases. We aimed to characterize elderly, community-dwelling, newly admitted patients to a large urban psychiatric hospital who are suffering from untreated folic acid deficiency in comparison with elderly ...
Santoso Mochammad Istiadjid Eddy - - 2006
Folic acid deficiency during conception up to the end of the third month of gestation is believed to play the most important factor in neural tube defects (NTDs). However, the exact molecular mechanism remains to be elucidated. It has been suggested that transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta1) and insulin-like growth factor-1 ...
Madziva H - - 2005
Most naturally occurring folate derivatives in foods are highly sensitive to temperature, oxygen, light and their stability is affected by processing conditions. Folic acid incorporated microcapsules using alginate and combinations of alginate and pectin polymers were prepared to improve stability. Folic acid stability was evaluated with reference to encapsulation efficiency, ...
Vree Tom B - - 2005
Quicker onset and shorter elimination time favours (+/-) articaine as a short-acting local anaesthetic for regional anaesthesia in day-case settings, e.g. arthroscopy (shoulder, knee), hand and foot surgery, and dentistry, because patients treated with articaine will be 'drug free' more quickly than those who receive other local anaesthetics. Articaine diffuses ...
Gujska Elzbieta - - 2005
In Poland bread as a staple food both made from wheat and rye flour can be a potential product for future fortification with folic acid. The objective of the study was to examine the effect of fermentation and baking on added folic acid and some endogenous folates stability during breadmaking ...
Cowley Tracy - - 2005
Treatment of the first leaves of barley seedlings with the oxylipin colneleic acid, or the two trihydroxy oxylipins 9,12,13-trihydroxy-11(E)-octadecenoic acid and 9,12,13-trihydroxy-10(E)-octadecenoic acid, reduced infection of that leaf by the powdery mildew fungus Blumeria graminis Speer f sp hordei Marchal. When applied to first leaves, etheroleic acid and colneleic acid, ...
Byrne Julianne - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the level of knowledge and use of folic acid among near relatives in U.S. families of a child with spina bifida. We hypothesized that relatives would be more knowledgeable than the general population and more likely to take folic acid. Further, we hypothesized that relatives ...
Ströhle Alexander - - 2005
Epidemiological studies suggest that a diet rich in fruits and vegetables protects against colorectal cancer. This effect may result from their high levels of folic acid (pteroylglutamic acid). Folic acid holds a key position in DNA synthesis and mitosis as well as DNA methylation and regulation of gene expression. Folic ...
Pei Lijun - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There is a considerable body of data demonstrating that periconceptional supplementation of folic acid can prevent a significant proportion of neural tube defects (NTDs). At present, the mechanism by which folic acid exerts its beneficial effect remains unknown. Folate transporter genes, including the reduced folate carrier gene (RFC1), have ...
Greene Nicholas D E - - 2005
Neural tube defects (NTD), including anencephaly and spina bifida, are a group of severe congenital abnormalities in which the future brain and/or spinal cord fail to close. In mice, NTD may result from genetic mutations or knockouts, or from exposure to teratogenic agents, several of which are known risk factors ...
Rodríguez Flores J - - 2005
A simple, rapid and sensitive procedure using capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) to measure methotrexate, folinic acid and folic acid in human urine has been developed and validated. Optimum separation of methotrexate, folinic acid and folic acid was obtained on a 60 cm x 75 microm capillary using a 15 mM ...
Griffith Tudor M - - 2005
We have investigated the ability of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF) and tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)) to modulate nitric oxide (NO)-independent vascular relaxations that are mediated by the sequential spread of endothelial hyperpolarization through the wall of the rabbit iliac artery by means of myoendothelial and homocellular smooth muscle gap junctions. Relaxations and subintimal smooth ...
Bailey Lynn B - - 2005
Key research findings relative to the question of whether maternal use of folic acid before and during pregnancy reduces the chance that offspring will be born with a congenital heart defect or an orofacial cleft are reviewed in this paper. Observational studies in general support an association between maternal use ...
Czernichow Sébastien - - 2005
The number of pregnancies affected by neural tube defects has been estimated to be 4000/year in Europe, with a higher prevalence in Celtic populations and in women of low socioeconomic status. Since the 1980s, it has been shown that supplementation with folic acid during the periconceptual period reduces the risk ...
Stam Frank - - 2005
Folic acid treatment decreases plasma total homocysteine concentrations in healthy subjects, but the effects on homocysteine metabolism are unknown. In the present study, we investigated the effect of 3 weeks of oral treatment with 5 mg of folic acid on one-carbon flux rates in 12 healthy subjects, using in vivo ...
Pufulete M - - 2005
A low dietary folate intake can cause genomic DNA hypomethylation and may increase the risk of colorectal neoplasia. The hypothesis that folic acid supplementation increases DNA methylation in leucocytes and colorectal mucosa was tested in 31 patients with histologically confirmed colorectal adenoma using a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled, parallel ...
Bråthen Erland - - 2005
The effects of adding amino acids on the content of acrylamide in potato crisps, French fries, flat breads, and bread crusts were investigated. Addition of glycine or glutamine during blanching of crisps reduced the amount of acrylamide by approximately 30% compared to no addition. No effect was found in French ...
Off Morten Kristian - - 2005
The vitamin folate is vital for all living creatures. Scientists have suggested that ultraviolet degradation of folate in vivo played a role in the evolution of mankind. In order to better understand the photodegradation of folate, we have provided a spectroscopic study of the ultraviolet photodegradation of aqueous folic acid ...
Kaya Kunimitsu - - 2005
Three enclosures (10 x 10 x 1.5-1.3 m in depth) were set beside Dianch Lake, Kunming, People's Republic of China, for the period from July 28 to August 26, 2002. The enclosures were filled with cyanobacterial (Microcystis aeruginosa) water bloom-containing lake water. Lake sediment that contained macrophytes and water chestnut ...
Nayaka S - - 2005
Different nutrient elements were analyzed in the lichen Cryptothecia punctulata collected from the arecanut trees which were exposed to several sprays of a fungicide Bordeaux mixture. The study revealed the accumulation of fungicidal elements such as Cu, Ca and S in higher concentration of 575.4, 10,000 and 21,000 microg g(-1), ...
Celik Ilhami - - 2005
Brucella species are facultative intracellular bacteria, and therefore a limited number of antibiotics are effective against these organisms. The side effects of drug combination schemes, and the incidences of relapses and therapeutic failures, have led to investigations of new drugs to treat brucellosis. The purpose of this study was to ...
Khalaf Abdel-Fattah A - - 2005
The early third instar larvae of Fannia canicularis were treated with various concentrations of Rumex dentatus, Protulaca deracea and Piper cubebae extracts. The Rumex dentatus was more toxic than Protulaca deracea and Piper cubebae. The extract mixture of Rumex dentatus and Piper cubebae induced a high synergistic action against the ...
Robbins James M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Fewer than one third of American women take folic acid daily, although many women report that they would take folic acid if their physicians advised them to do so. This study determined the impact of a physician intervention during routine gynecologic visits on folic acid supplementation. STUDY DESIGN: Patients ...
Cao Da-Zhong - - 2005
AIM: To evaluate the effects of folic acid on epithelial apoptosis and expression of Bcl-2 and p53 in the tissues of premalignant gastric lesions. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients, with premalignant gastric lesions including 18 colonic-type intestinal metaplasia (IM) and 20 mild or moderate dysplasia, were randomly divided into a treatment group ...
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