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Results 401 - 450 of 1766
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Chen Wei-Jen - - 2004
The bitter acids of hops (Humulus lupulus L.) mainly consist of alpha-acids, beta-acids, and their oxidation products that contribute the unique aroma of the beer beverage. Hop bitter acids displayed a strong growth inhibitory effect against human leukemia HL-60 cells, with an estimated IC(50) value of 8.67 microg/mL, but were ...
Dimas Dimitrios A - - 2004
The in vitro permeation of ondansetron through human cadaver epidermis, as a preliminary step toward the development of a transdermal therapeutic system, was investigated. In vitro release studies were carried out using modified Franz diffusion cells and human epidermis, taken from cadaver skin by heat separation technique. To estimate the ...
Pulukuri Sadhona - - 2004
Retinaldehyde and retinoic acid are derivatives of vitamin A, and retinaldehyde is the precursor for the synthesis of retinoic acid, a well-known inhibitor of gap junctional intercellular communication. In this investigation, we asked the question if retinaldehyde has similar effects on gap junctions. Gap junctional intercellular communication was measured by ...
Filla Adrienn - - 2004
The role of the dopaminergic and serotonergic system was studied during the embryonic development of the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis, with special attention to the effect of dopamine and serotonin as well as their agonists and antagonists on the rotation of the veliger larvae, and to the effect of precursors ...
Lee Grace S - - 2004
The developing limb has been studied extensively and is a useful model to study morphogenesis. During embryogenesis, limb formation is initiated as a budding off from the embryonic lateral body wall. Limb pattern is specified by a series of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions, directing proximodistal, dorsoventral and anteroposterior axes. Vitamin A metabolites, ...
Hind M - - 2004
Recent data suggests that exogenous retinoic acid (RA) can induce alveolar regeneration in a mouse and a rat model of experimental emphysema and disrupted alveolar development. This may be because RA is required during normal alveolar development and the subsequent provision of RA reawakens the gene cascades used during development. ...
Choudhuri S K - - 2003
Development of biochemical modulators and application of the same with anticancer drugs is a current approach of modern cancer chemotherapy. We report the effect of two novel hydroxamic acid derivatives, viz. oxaly bis (N-phenyl) hydroxamic acid (OBPHA) and succinyl bis (N-phenyl) hydroxamic acid (SBPHA) on doxorubicin sensitivity and on P-glycoprotein ...
Alsop Derek - - 2003
Wild female and male white sucker (Catostomus commersoni) inhabiting an area receiving pulp mill effluent had reduced hepatic levels of retinol, didehydroretinol, retinyl esters, and didehydroretinyl esters, while vitamin E levels were unaffected. This disruption of the retinoid system led us to test methanol and dichloromethane extracts from the effluent ...
Blaese M A - - 2003
PURPOSE: To examine the role cytoplasmic retinoic acid binding protein type 1 (CRABP I) and retinoic acid receptor beta 2 (RAR-beta 2) in mediating radiosensitization of human tumour cells in vitro by retinoic acid. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human squamous cell carcinoma cell lines of different types were treated with retinoic ...
Lartillot Véronique - - 2003
The effectiveness of the combination of retinoids with 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) and ultraviolet-A (UV-A) light in the treatment of some cutaneous proliferative diseases has motivated the synthesis of new "chimera-type" molecules built from psoralen derivatives and retinoic amides and related molecules. The chimeras result from the combination of 8-(3-bromopropyloxy)-psoralen with amides ...
Alisky Joseph M - - 2003
Ethacrynic acid is a loop diuretic little used today because of its side-effect profile and the availability of multiple alternative agents. However, in our clinical experience, ethacrynic acid can alleviate acute congestive heart failure and ascites resistant to other diuretics. Two patients aged 89 and 94 in life-threatening pulmonary edema ...
Dawson John - - 2003
Lysophosphatidic acid is a growth factor-like signalling phospholipid. We demonstrate here that lysophosphatidic acid induces process retraction in central glia-4 cells and oligodendrocyte precursors. This lysophosphatidic acid effect is rapid and concentration-dependent and results in cell rounding. It is inhibited by pre-treatment of cells with C3 exoenzyme, a specific inhibitor ...
Panaccione Daniel G - - 2003
Neotyphodium sp. Lp1, an endophytic fungus from perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne), produces the mycotoxin ergovaline in infected grasses, whereas a mutant in which a particular peptide synthetase gene is knocked out does not. We examined the impact of this knockout on other constituents of the ergot alkaloid pathway. Two simple ...
Varani James J Department of Pathology, The University of Michigan, 1301 Catherine Road, Box 0602, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. - - 2003
The ability of the synthetic retinoid MDI-301, in which the carboxylic acid of 9- cis-retinoic acid (9-cis-RA) is replaced with an ester linkage, to induce epidermal and dermal thickening and skin irritation (erythema and flaking) in hairless (rhino) mice following its topical application was investigated in comparison with that of ...
Meidan Victor M - - 2003
Buspirone hydrochloride (BH) is a structurally and pharmacologically unique anxiolytic that is used to treat a variety of different anxiety conditions. The marketed product is named BuSpar. The in vitro iontophoretic delivery of BH through human skin was investigated in order to evaluate the feasibility of delivering a therapeutic dose ...
Wolf George - - 2003
The accumulation of the autofluorescent pigment lipofuscin in the retina that occurs with aging has been explained as a side effect of the visual cycle. It occurs when two molecules of all-trans-retinal condense with one molecule of phosphatidylethanolamine in the discs of the rod outer segments, and is followed by ...
Wilson L - - 2003
We have examined the role of the signalling molecule, retinoic acid, in the process of neurulation and the subsequent growth and differentiation of the central nervous system using quail embryos that have developed in the absence of retinoic acid. Such retinoic acid-free embryos undergo abnormal neural tube formation in terms ...
Otto Diana M E - - 2003
The cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenase system catalyzes the metabolism of xenobiotics and endogenous compounds, including hormones and retinoic acid. In order to establish the role of these enzymes in embryogenesis, we have inactivated the system through the deletion of the gene for the electron donor to all microsomal P450 proteins, cytochrome ...
Kumar Maya - - 2003
Much recent investigation has been carried out into the mechanisms by which the pancreas is specified from the early endoderm. Recent advances have highlighted important roles for retinoic acid and bone morphogenetic protein signalling in patterning the endoderm at late gastrulation. Subsequently, interactions with the endothelium of the aorta in ...
Ilic M Z - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of long-term exposure to glucosamine or mannosamine on the catabolism of aggrecan by explant cultures of bovine articular cartilage maintained in the presence of retinoic acid. DESIGN: The kinetics of loss of 35S-labeled and total aggrecan from explant cultures of bovine articular cartilage maintained in ...
Yamasaki Masao - - 2003
We showed the inhibitory effect of oleic and palmitoleic acids (OA and POA) on this trans10, cis12 (10t, 12c)-CLA induced cytotoxic activity. When cells were cultured in the presence of 10t, 12c-CLA, this potent cytotoxic effect on dRLh-84 cells was clearly obvious when compared to the control vehicle group. It ...
Yu Jiakang - - 2003
Prenatal exposure of rat embryos to retinoic acid induces severe malformations involving various organs. The mechanisms of this embryopathy are known only in part. This study describes the malformations of the neural crest-derived organs in this model and shows that many of them fit into the pattern of disturbed neural ...
Thomas Benjamin - - 2003
Boletus manicus Heim [Boletaceae] is a species of fungus found in Papua New Guinea. It is reported to have psychoactive properties. The chemistry of this species is poorly understood. The available chemical data indicates that B. manicus contains trace amounts of three unidentified indolic substances. The chemical structure of these ...
Wissing Sylvia A - - 2003
Effects on skin hydration and viscoelasticity are important criteria during the development of novel cosmetic formulations. This study focuses on the in vivo performance of a conventional o/w cream and of the same cream enriched with solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN). Influences on skin hydration and viscoelastic properties were investigated with ...
Ritchie Helen E - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Excess retinyl palmitate (vitamin A) induces a variety of malformations in many mammalian species, yet retinyl palmitate is not thought to be the proximate teratogen. Many metabolites are generated after oral dosing several of which are, individually teratogenic. It is not known whether these metabolites when present simultaneously interact ...
Behrens G M N - - 2003
Familial partial lipodystrophy (FPL) and lipodystrophy observed in HIV-1 infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) share multiple clinical and metabolic features. Recently, missense mutations of LMNA encoding lamin A/C have been described in FPL providing evidence for a pivotal role of lamin A/C in the regulation of adipocytes. ...
Maccabee Mendy S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Paranasal sinus mucosa may suffer morphological and functional alterations as a result of surgical trauma. Mucosal stripping typically yields regenerated mucosa characterized by fibrosis, inflammatory infiltrate, and dysmorphic or absent cilia. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of topical retinoic acid (vitamin A) on regeneration ...
Blentic Aida - - 2003
Retinoic acid is an important signalling molecule in the developing embryo, but its precise distribution throughout development is very difficult to determine by available techniques. Examining the distribution of the enzymes by which it is synthesised by using in situ hybridisation is an alternative strategy. Here, we describe the distribution ...
Le Borgne Marc - - 2003
Among a library of 70 azoles, 8 indole derivatives substituted in the 2-, 3- or 5- position with an azolylmethyl or alpha-azolylbenzyl chain were evaluated for retinoic acid (RA) metabolism inhibitory activity. The most active inhibitors identified in this study were 5-bromo-1-ethyl-3-methyl-2-[(phenyl)(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)methyl]-1H-indole (3) (68.9% inhibition) and 5-bromo-1-ethyl-2-[(4-fluorophenyl) (1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)methyl]-3-methyl-1H-indole (6) (60.4% ...
Thompson Deborah L - - 2003
Bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) and retinoic acid are important for normal development of the inner ear, but whether they are linked mechanistically is not known. BMP4 antagonists disrupt semicircular canal formation, as does exposure to retinoic acid. We demonstrate that retinoic acid directly down-regulates BMP4 transcription in a mouse ...
Chino Daisuke - - 2003
Effects of DX-9065a ((+)-2S-2-[4-[[(3S)-1-acetimidoyl-3-pyrrolidinyl]oxy]phenyl]-3-[7-amidino-2-naphthyl]propanoic acid hydrochloride pentahydrate), a dibasic propanoic acid and an inhibitor of factor Xa, were compared with those of argatroban, a low molecular weight thrombin inhibitor, on the ellagic acid-induced plantar skin thrombosis in the rats treated with tetrodotoxin and N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine. Plantar skin blood flow was measured ...
McCarthy Robert A - - 2003
Megalin is a receptor expressed by embryonic epithelia that mediates endocytosis of numerous ligands, including sonic hedgehog (Shh) and retinol, the precursor to retinoic acid (RA). The importance of Shh and RA signaling in neurodevelopment, combined with the fact that megalin-deficient mice show profound neurodevelopmental abnormalities, has raised questions as ...
Lee Sang-Han - - 2003
Dykellic acid is a novel microbial metabolite isolated from the broth of Westerdykella multispora F50733. Investigations on the molecular function of dykellic acid revealed that this compound partially inhibits calcium influx, resulting in a decrease in Ca(2+)-dependent endonuclease activation and DNA fragmentation induced by camptothecin. In our experiments, active caspase-3-like ...
Gidda Satinder Kaur - - 2003
12-Hydroxyjasmonate, also known as tuberonic acid, was first isolated from Solanum tuberosum and was shown to have tuber-inducing properties. It is derived from the ubiquitously occurring jasmonic acid, an important signaling molecule mediating diverse developmental processes and plant defense responses. We report here that the gene AtST2a from Arabidopsis thaliana ...
Berggren Söderlund M - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of caloric restriction on the serum concentrations of retinoids in man. DESIGN: Samples were drawn before and during caloric restriction by fasting or 4-6 weeks after gastric surgery. SUBJECTS: The fasting group included 17 healthy subjects (11 women and six men) and 16 obese patients ...
Nam C - - 2003
The acne-therapeutic effects of Oriental herb extracts were investigated in terms of antichemotactic effect on polymorphonuclear leucocytes, antilipogenic actions, antibacterial activity against Propionibacterium acnes and resistance induction potency in the bacteria. The ethanol extract (0.01%) of Angelica dahurica markedly suppressed neutrophil chemotaxis, comparable to the effect of erythromycin (0.01%), whereas ...
Kim Ju-Youn - - 2003
Mammals have two major isoforms of acetyl-CoA carboxyase (ACC). The 275 kDa beta-form (ACCbeta) is predominantly in heart and skeletal muscle while the 265 kDa alpha-form (ACCalpha) is the major isoform in lipogenic tissues such as liver and adipose tissue. ACCbeta is thought to control fatty acid oxidation by means ...
Mey Jörg - - 2003
Currently, the etiology of the serious developmental anomaly congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is unknown. We have used an animal model of CDH to address this issue. We characterized four separate teratogens that produced diaphragmatic defects in embryonic rats that are similar to those in infants with CDH. We then tested ...
Prince David J - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to investigate the reciprocal neurotrophic interaction between regenerating limb blastemas and spinal cord explants from the newt Notophthalmus viridescens. Axon outgrowth was measured from spinal cord explants in vitro to assess the neurotrophic activity of early to mid-bud stage blastemas after various treatments. When ...
Szabova L - - 2003
In vertebrates, both nuclear all-trans and 9-cis retinoic acid receptors (RAR and RXR) belonging to the steroid/thyroid/retinoid nuclear receptor superfamily play a crucial role in the vitamin A action. Qualitative analysis of all known RAR or RXR subtypes in both pooled and non-pooled peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from healthy ...
Gaines P - - 2003
The vitamin A derivative retinoic acid plays a critical role during the differentiation of myeloid progenitors towards the neutrophil lineage. This role is primarily mediated by binding of retinoic acid to retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARalpha), a nuclear receptor that modulates the expression of multiple downstream targets via retinoic acid ...
Ferreira L R - - 2003
Nascent procollagen peptides and other secretory proteins are transported across the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane through a protein-conducting channel called translocon. Sec61alpha, a multispanning membrane translocon protein, has been implicated as being essential for translocation of polypeptide chains into the cisterns of the ER. Sec61alpha forms a protein complex with ...
Huang Fu-Jen - - 2003
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to examine the cytotoxic effect of retinoic acid on the blastocyst stage of mouse embryos and on subsequent early postimplantation embryo development in vitro. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mouse blastocysts were exposed for 24 h to doses of 0, 0.1 micromol/l and 10 micromol/l all-trans retinoic ...
Murata Taku - - 2003
We have evaluated effects of a phosphodiesterase (PDE) 4 inhibitor on retinoic acid-increased alkaline phosphatase activity in the mouse fibroblastic C3H10T1/2 clone 8 (10T1/2) cell line. 10T1/2 cells were cultured in minimum essential medium (MEM) and 10% fetal bovine serum with or without 1 microM retinoic acid and/or the PDE ...
Notario Belen - - 2003
We investigated the effects of retinoic acids on mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) measured as changes in rhodamine 123 fluorescence from both isolated heart mitochondria and HeLa cells. We report that all-trans-retinoic acid (atRA), 9-cis-retinoic acid, and 13-cis-retinoic acid induce a drop in mitochondrial membrane potential in isolated mitochondria. The atRA ...
Zabrodskii P F - - 2003
Acute poisoning with alcohols and cholinotropic preparations carboxyphosphamide and atropine (0.8 LD(50)) was modeled on male outbred mice weighing 18-24 g. The decrease in activity of natural killer cells was most pronounced after injection of atropine, but insignificant after treatment with ethanol. The inhibitory effect of ethylene glycol, methanol, and ...
Zsila Ferenc - - 2002
Interaction between the Vitamin A derivative all-trans retinoic acid and the lipocalin member bovine beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) was studied by circular dichroism (CD) and electronic absorption spectroscopy at different pH values. In neutral and alkaline solutions achiral retinoic acid forms a non-covalent complex with the protein as indicated by the appearance ...
Ferreri Carla - - 2002
The presence of trans fatty acids in mammalians is attributed to exogenous sources; nevertheless, trans isomers could be easily formed by free radical-catalyzed isomerization processes in vivo. The isomerization of methyl arachidonate (all-cis isomer) catalyzed by thiyl radical is proposed as a methodology applicable in biochemical laboratories, which produces mono- ...
Dufour Jannette M JM School of Molecular Biosciences, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164, - - 2003
Peroxisome proliferators include a diverse group of chemicals, some of which have been demonstrated to be testicular toxicants. However, the mechanism by which peroxisome proliferators, such as phthalates, cause testicular damage is not clear. It is known that retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARalpha) and its retinoic acid ligand, the acid ...
Ji Zhao-Ning - - 2002
23-Hydroxybetulinic acid, a derivative of betulinic acid, was investigated for its apoptotic effect and the associated telomerase activity in human leukemia HL-60 cells. Apoptosis and bcl-2 were determined by flow cytometry analysis. A PCR-based telomeric repeat amplification protocol assay was used to detect telomerase activity. Results showed that 23-hydroxybetulinic acid ...
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