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Results 351 - 400 of 1750
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Kroese Jeanne Margot - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study the acute effect of epinephrine on hemodynamics of noninnervated normal and retinoic-acid-treated embryos. DESIGN: Prospective interventional study design. METHODS: A total of 190 stage 15 (50-55 h of incubation) chick embryos were randomly treated with 1 microg all-trans retinoic acid and reincubated. At stage 20 (day 3) ...
Wallis Richard A - - 2004
Urocanic acid, imidazole propenoic acid, is a metabolic product of histidine, which accumulates in skin and is excreted in sweat. It absorbs UV radiation at wavelengths shorter than 340 nm, and its principal photochemical reaction is a trans-cis isomerization about the propenyl double bond. This isomerization to the biologically active ...
Kurihara Masaaki - - 2004
Retinoids are natural and synthetic analogues of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). Cancer and other serious hyperproliferative diseases are attractive therapeutic targets for retinoids. We report here the design and synthesis of novel cyclic urea compounds with retinoidal activity. YR105 exhibited potent differentiation-inducing ability toward human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells at ...
Tallman Keri A - - 2004
Autoxidations of cis,cis, cis,trans, and trans,trans nonconjugated octadecadienoates and pentadecadienes were carried out in the presence of alpha-tocopherol to investigate the effect of olefin geometry on this oxidation process and provide insight into the factors that influence the autoxidation of fatty acids. We have found that as the trans character ...
Everts Helen B - - 2004
Retinoic acid has long been known to alter skin and hair growth but an exact mechanism is unclear. This study was performed to examine the sites of endogenous retinoic acid synthesis in the cycling hair follicle to better understand the role retinoic acid plays in this process. Retinal dehydrogenases (Aldh1a1, ...
Kammeyer Arthur - - 2004
On exposure to UV-B, the epidermal component trans-urocanic acid (UCA) is not only photoisomerized into cis-UCA but will also, at least in part, be photooxidized into UCA oxidation products (UOPs). We hypothesized that UOPs can mimic UV-induced systemic immunosuppression comparable to the suppressive properties already established for cis-UCA. A crude ...
Yamaoka Yukiho - - 2004
Isomers of astaxanthin produced by Thraustochytrium sp. CHN-1 are identified as (3S,3S')-trans-astaxanthin, (3R,3R')-trans-astaxanthin and (3S,3S')-cis-astaxanthin by chirality column HPLC, and 1H and 13C NMR. We studied the effects of light generated by superbright blue, red and near-red LEDs on the growth and carotenoid production of Thraustochytrium sp. CHN-1. Thraustochytrium sp. ...
Farooqui Akhlaq A - - 2004
Retinoic acid modulates a wide variety of biological processes including proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. It interacts with specific receptors in the nucleus, the retinoic acid receptors (RARs). The molecular mechanism by which retinoic acid mediates cellular differentiation and growth suppression in neural cells remains unknown. However, retinoic acid-induced release of ...
Zile Maija H - - 2004
Vitamin A is required throughout the life cycle, including crucial stages of embryonic and fetal development. With the identification of retinoic acid-specific nuclear transcription factors, the retinoid receptors, considerable advances have been made in understanding the molecular function of vitamin A. The requirement for vitamin A during early embryogenesis has ...
So Min Kyung - - 2004
Retinoic acids are natural derivatives of vitamin A, and play important roles in modulating tumor cell growth by regulating differentiation, thus suggesting the potential use of these derivatives in cancer therapy and prevention. To visualize the intranuclear responses of functional retinoic acid receptors, we have developed a dual-imaging reporter gene ...
Gollapalli Deviprasad R - - 2004
RPE65 is essential in the operation of the visual cycle and functions as a chaperone for all-trans-retinyl esters, the substrates for isomerization in the visual cycle. RPE65 stereospecifically binds all-trans-retinyl esters with a K(D) of 47 nM. It is shown here by using a quantitative fluorescence technique, that Accutane (13-cis-retinoic ...
Mouthiers Audrey - - 2004
In the present study, we analyzed the influence of retinoic acids on the expression of alpha-1 acid glycoprotein (AGP). We show that in rat primary hepatocytes, 9-cis retinoic acid and all-trans retinoic acid increase AGP gene expression at the transcriptional level. Transient transfections of rat primary hepatocytes with a reporter ...
Um Soo-Jong - - 2004
Retinoic acid and its amide derivative, N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (4-HPR), have been proposed as chemopreventative and chemotherapeutic agents. However, their low cytotoxic activity and water solubility limit their clinical use. In this study, we synthesized novel retinoid derivatives with improved cytotoxicity against cancer cells and increased hygroscopicity. Our syntheses were preceded by ...
Schoff Patrick K - - 2004
Methoprene (isopropyl (2E,4E)-11-methoxy-3,7,11-trimethyl-2,4-dodecadienoate) is an insect juvenile hormone agonist that blocks metamorphosis in some insects. Recent evidence suggests that a metabolite, methoprene acid, activates vertebrate retinoid X receptors (RXRs), and may interfere with retinoic acid-regulated developmental processes. Methoprene, methoxy-methoprene acid, and two major breakdown products were tested for their ability ...
Huang Qizhi - - 2004
We previously reported methods for sterilizing human skin for clinical use. In a comparison of gamma-irradiation, glycerol, and ethylene oxide, sterilization with ethylene oxide after treatment with glycerol provided the most satisfactory dermis in terms of structure and its ability to produce reconstructed skin with many of the characteristics of ...
Vasiliou Vasilis - - 2004
The human genome contains at least 17 genes that are members of the aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) superfamily. These genes encode NAD(P)(+)-dependent enzymes that oxidize a wide range of aldehydes to their corresponding carboxylic acids. Aldehydes are highly reactive molecules that are intermediates or products involved in a broad spectrum of ...
Satiroglu-Tufan N Lale - - 2004
The mechanisms of teratogenic action of ethanol (EtOH) were investigated by testing the hypothesis that all-trans-retinoic acid and/or alpha-tocopherol ameliorates ethanol-induced embryonic growth retardation. Chicken embryos were explanted in shell-less cultures and a single dose of EtOH (15, 30, or 50%) or 50% EtOH with either all-trans-retinoic acid (10(-8)M) or ...
Richter Trevor A - - 2004
The acid-sensitive cation channel acid-sensing ion channel-2 (ASIC2) is widely believed to be a receptor for acid (sour) taste in mammals on the basis of its physiological properties and expression in rat taste bud cells. Using reverse transcriptase-PCR, we detected expression of ASIC1 and ASIC3, but not ASIC4, in mouse ...
Fernandes S S - - 2004
Melanin is a dark pigment protecting the skin against UV radiation in some organisms. Studies on invasion and metastasis using retinoic acid as inhibitor agent are well known, but its role in melanin production (melanogenesis), especially at ultrastructural level and using morphometry were not well studied. In the present study, ...
Yu Ruey J - - 2004
The carboxylic acids include alpha-hydroxyacids (AHAs), polyhydroxy acids (PHAs), aldobionic acids (ABAs), retinoic acid, vitamin C and azelaic acid. They all have therapeutic actions. AHAs, PHAs and ABAs are organic hydroxyacids, a group of natural and physiological substances which can modulate skin keratinization and increase biosynthesis of dermal components. Because ...
Cione Erika - - 2004
Retinoylation (retinoic acid acylation), a posttranslational modification of proteins occurring in a variety of eukariotic cell lines both in vivo and in vitro, was studied in rat testes mitochondria. all-trans-Retinoic acid, a highly active form of vitamin A in inducing cellular differentiation, is incorporated covalently into proteins of rat testes ...
Van Merris V - - 2004
Blood vitamin A profiles, including concentrations of retinol and its active metabolite retinoic acid, were assessed during the peripartum period and during experimentally induced Escherichia coli mastitis in heifers. Serum retinol decreased in all animals in the immediate postpartum period and normalized within 1 wk after parturition. No significant changes ...
Ono Kenjiro - - 2004
Inhibition of the accumulation of amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) and the formation of beta-amyloid fibrils (fAbeta) from Abeta, as well as the destabilization of preformed fAbeta in the central nervous system, would be attractive therapeutic targets for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We reported previously that nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) and ...
Fujita M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Previous work has shown that all-trans-retinoic acid reverses elastase induced emphysema in rats. Since there is currently no effective treatment for pulmonary emphysema, the effect of retinoic acid should be further investigated in other adult species. A study was undertaken using two murine models of emphysema to evaluate the ...
Ashida Akemi - - 2004
G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) mediate responses to many types of extracellular signals. So far, bovine rhodopsin, the inactive form of a GPCR, is the only member of the family whose three dimensional structure has been determined. It would be desirable to determine the structure of the active form of a ...
Prakash Pankaj - - 2004
Low-dose beta-carotene (BC) supplementation, such as would be provided by daily consumption of approximately 5-9 servings of fruits and vegetables, has no apparent detrimental effects, but rather appears to have a protective effect against cigarette smoke-induced lung lesions in ferrets. In the present study, we investigated the effects of BC, ...
Yashiro Kenta - - 2004
Exogenous retinoic acid (RA) induces marked effects on limb patterning, but the precise role of endogenous RA in this process has remained unknown. We have studied the role of RA in mouse limb development by focusing on CYP26B1, a cytochrome P450 enzyme that inactivates RA. Cyp26b1 was shown to be ...
Takahashi Masae - - 2004
Xerosis is one of the characteristics of aged skin. Xerosis may be caused by a decrease in the stratum corneum free amino acids which are natural moisturizing factors derived from filaggrin. In aged skin, filaggrin is immunohistochemically decreased compared with the levels in young skin. However, the differences in stratum ...
Ashkar Silvia - - 2004
Injury to the ocular surface provokes an inflammatory response that is mediated, at least in part, by corneal epithelial derived 12-hydroxyeicosanoids (HETEs) including 12-HETE and 12-HETrE; both metabolites exhibit potent inflammatory and angiogenic properties and are formed by a cytochrome P450 (CYP) 4B1. Retinoids are known to mediate wound-healing processes ...
Wagner Brett A - - 2004
We have previously reported that H2O2-induced apoptosis in HL-60 human leukemia cells takes place in the presence of chloride, requires myeloperoxidase (MPO), and occurs through oxidative reactions involving hypochlorous acid and chloramines. We now report that when chloride is replaced by the pseudohalide thiocyanate, there is little or no H2O2-induced ...
Higaki Shuichi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Propionibacterium acnes is the predominant organism in acne lesions, but the sensitivity of different biotypes of P. acnes to therapeutic agents has seldom been reported. METHODS: To characterize biotypes of P. acnes and to measure the effects of Keigai-rengyo-to (KRT) and minocycline (MINO) on clinical P. acnes isolates. RESULTS: ...
Gibbs Melissa A - - 2004
The effects of all-trans retinoic acid on the development of the lateral line placodes of axolotls was studied. Late gastrula and early neurula were exposed to 10(-7) to 10(-5) M retinoic acid for one hour and then reared until they would normally be feeding larvae. As in other vertebrates, the ...
Abe Akira - - 2004
An acidic phospholipase A(2) (LPLA(2)) was recently purified and cloned. THP-1 cells were used to characterize the gene induction of LPLA(2). THP-1 cells were stimulated with several differentiation agents. The LPLA(2) mRNA and activity increased in cells treated with phorbol ester but not with vitamin D3, interferon-gamma, or granulocyte macrophage ...
Grimes Pearl E - - 2004
The beneficial effects of alpha-hydroxyacids (AHAs) on skin were discovered by Drs. Van Scott and Yu in the early 1970s, including exfoliation, skin smoothing, and antiaging effects. A new generation of AHAs, called polyhydroxy acids (PHAs), was discovered that provide similar effects as AHAs but do not cause the sensory ...
Chen Wei-Jen - - 2004
The bitter acids of hops (Humulus lupulus L.) mainly consist of alpha-acids, beta-acids, and their oxidation products that contribute the unique aroma of the beer beverage. Hop bitter acids displayed a strong growth inhibitory effect against human leukemia HL-60 cells, with an estimated IC(50) value of 8.67 microg/mL, but were ...
Dimas Dimitrios A - - 2004
The in vitro permeation of ondansetron through human cadaver epidermis, as a preliminary step toward the development of a transdermal therapeutic system, was investigated. In vitro release studies were carried out using modified Franz diffusion cells and human epidermis, taken from cadaver skin by heat separation technique. To estimate the ...
Pulukuri Sadhona - - 2004
Retinaldehyde and retinoic acid are derivatives of vitamin A, and retinaldehyde is the precursor for the synthesis of retinoic acid, a well-known inhibitor of gap junctional intercellular communication. In this investigation, we asked the question if retinaldehyde has similar effects on gap junctions. Gap junctional intercellular communication was measured by ...
Filla Adrienn - - 2004
The role of the dopaminergic and serotonergic system was studied during the embryonic development of the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis, with special attention to the effect of dopamine and serotonin as well as their agonists and antagonists on the rotation of the veliger larvae, and to the effect of precursors ...
Lee Grace S - - 2004
The developing limb has been studied extensively and is a useful model to study morphogenesis. During embryogenesis, limb formation is initiated as a budding off from the embryonic lateral body wall. Limb pattern is specified by a series of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions, directing proximodistal, dorsoventral and anteroposterior axes. Vitamin A metabolites, ...
Hind M - - 2004
Recent data suggests that exogenous retinoic acid (RA) can induce alveolar regeneration in a mouse and a rat model of experimental emphysema and disrupted alveolar development. This may be because RA is required during normal alveolar development and the subsequent provision of RA reawakens the gene cascades used during development. ...
Choudhuri S K - - 2003
Development of biochemical modulators and application of the same with anticancer drugs is a current approach of modern cancer chemotherapy. We report the effect of two novel hydroxamic acid derivatives, viz. oxaly bis (N-phenyl) hydroxamic acid (OBPHA) and succinyl bis (N-phenyl) hydroxamic acid (SBPHA) on doxorubicin sensitivity and on P-glycoprotein ...
Alsop Derek - - 2003
Wild female and male white sucker (Catostomus commersoni) inhabiting an area receiving pulp mill effluent had reduced hepatic levels of retinol, didehydroretinol, retinyl esters, and didehydroretinyl esters, while vitamin E levels were unaffected. This disruption of the retinoid system led us to test methanol and dichloromethane extracts from the effluent ...
Blaese M A - - 2003
PURPOSE: To examine the role cytoplasmic retinoic acid binding protein type 1 (CRABP I) and retinoic acid receptor beta 2 (RAR-beta 2) in mediating radiosensitization of human tumour cells in vitro by retinoic acid. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human squamous cell carcinoma cell lines of different types were treated with retinoic ...
Lartillot Véronique - - 2003
The effectiveness of the combination of retinoids with 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) and ultraviolet-A (UV-A) light in the treatment of some cutaneous proliferative diseases has motivated the synthesis of new "chimera-type" molecules built from psoralen derivatives and retinoic amides and related molecules. The chimeras result from the combination of 8-(3-bromopropyloxy)-psoralen with amides ...
Alisky Joseph M - - 2003
Ethacrynic acid is a loop diuretic little used today because of its side-effect profile and the availability of multiple alternative agents. However, in our clinical experience, ethacrynic acid can alleviate acute congestive heart failure and ascites resistant to other diuretics. Two patients aged 89 and 94 in life-threatening pulmonary edema ...
Dawson John - - 2003
Lysophosphatidic acid is a growth factor-like signalling phospholipid. We demonstrate here that lysophosphatidic acid induces process retraction in central glia-4 cells and oligodendrocyte precursors. This lysophosphatidic acid effect is rapid and concentration-dependent and results in cell rounding. It is inhibited by pre-treatment of cells with C3 exoenzyme, a specific inhibitor ...
Panaccione Daniel G - - 2003
Neotyphodium sp. Lp1, an endophytic fungus from perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne), produces the mycotoxin ergovaline in infected grasses, whereas a mutant in which a particular peptide synthetase gene is knocked out does not. We examined the impact of this knockout on other constituents of the ergot alkaloid pathway. Two simple ...
Varani James - - 2003
The ability of the synthetic retinoid MDI-301, in which the carboxylic acid of 9- cis-retinoic acid (9-cis-RA) is replaced with an ester linkage, to induce epidermal and dermal thickening and skin irritation (erythema and flaking) in hairless (rhino) mice following its topical application was investigated in comparison with that of ...
Meidan Victor M - - 2003
Buspirone hydrochloride (BH) is a structurally and pharmacologically unique anxiolytic that is used to treat a variety of different anxiety conditions. The marketed product is named BuSpar. The in vitro iontophoretic delivery of BH through human skin was investigated in order to evaluate the feasibility of delivering a therapeutic dose ...
Wolf George - - 2003
The accumulation of the autofluorescent pigment lipofuscin in the retina that occurs with aging has been explained as a side effect of the visual cycle. It occurs when two molecules of all-trans-retinal condense with one molecule of phosphatidylethanolamine in the discs of the rod outer segments, and is followed by ...
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