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Results 301 - 350 of 1759
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Redoulés Daniel - - 2005
A new strategy for the skin delivery of bioactive compounds has been developed, using enzymes involved in the maintenance of the epidermal barrier function and the enzymatic transformation of corresponding precursors. This new strategy has been tested with regard to two enzymatic activities of the skin barrier: extracellular glucosidase and ...
Groppelli Silvia - - 2005
Triadimefon and triadimenol, fungicides used in agriculture, are suspected of producing craniofacial malformations. As the results of FETAX analysis showed that Triadimefon was highly teratogenic, we studied the action of these triazoles on the development of the branchial apparatus in Xenopus, using early molecular markers and analysis of the cartilaginous-muscular ...
Kobayashi Yura - - 2005
Transdifferentiation of the multipotent atrial epithelium is a key event during budding of the ascidian Polyandrocarpa misakiensis. The transdifferentiation is induced by mesenchyme cells that were stimulated by retinoic acid. The fluorescent differential display identified a few cDNA fragments for retinoic acid-inducible genes. One of the cDNA clones, named Pm-GnRHR, ...
Chuang Jing-Yuan - - 2005
The present studies were undertaken to analyze the factors regulating 3-hydroxycinnamic acid-induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Treatment of human cervix HeLa cells with 3-hydroxycinnamic acid induced apoptosis and G0/G1-phase arrest. The percentage of apoptosis induced by 3-hydroxycinnamic acid in HeLa cells was increased with incubation time. The results also ...
Brent Ava E - - 2005
Somites are the bilaterally symmetric embryonic precursors of the vertebrate skeleton and axial muscle. Three recent studies reveal that somites form asymmetrically in the absence of retinoic acid signaling. These results uncover an unexpected relationship between somitogenesis and left-right patterning, and suggest that bilateral somite formation is regulated along the ...
Angotti Marc - - 2005
The effect of the titled tetralone as a retinoic acid metabolism blocking agent (RAMBA) in vivo in comparison with ketoconazole, a well known cytochrome P450 inhibitor, was studied. Development of a HPLC/MS/MS method for the quantification of retinoic acid levels extracted from rat plasma was used to demonstrate that ketoconazole ...
Lee Geok Yee - - 2005
We describe a patient with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and the karyotype 46,XX,i(17)(q10) with PML-RARA fusion gene detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and nested reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). FISH using dual-color translocation probes for PML (promyelocytic leukemia) and RARA (retinoic acid receptor-alpha) showed fusion signal for PML-RARA ...
Gao Jay - - 2005
Retinoic acid influences epidermal morphology and function through its ability to control transcription. Because the circulation presents the epidermis with micromolar amounts of retinol that can be converted to retinoic acid, regulating retinol access is imperative. In keratinocytes the majority of retinol is sequestered as long chain fatty acid esters. ...
Moise Alexander R - - 2005
The metabolism of vitamin A is a highly regulated process that generates essential mediators involved in the development, cellular differentiation, immunity, and vision of vertebrates. Retinol saturase converts all-trans-retinol to all-trans-13,14-dihydroretinol (Moise, A. R., Kuksa, V., Imanishi, Y., and Palczewski, K. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279, 50230-50242). Here we demonstrate ...
Kawakami Yasuhiko - - 2005
During embryogenesis, cells are spatially patterned as a result of highly coordinated and stereotyped morphogenetic events. In the vertebrate embryo, information on laterality is conveyed to the node, and subsequently to the lateral plate mesoderm, by a complex cascade of epigenetic and genetic events, eventually leading to a left-right asymmetric ...
Vermot Julien - - 2005
A striking feature of the body plan of a majority of animals is bilateral symmetry. Almost nothing is known about the mechanisms controlling the symmetrical arrangement of the left and right body sides during development. Here we report that blocking the production of retinoic acid (RA) in chicken embryos leads ...
Armstrong Jane L - - 2005
Retinoic acid isomers have been used with some success as chemotherapeutic agents, most recently with 13-cis retinoic acid showing impressive clinical efficacy in the paediatric malignancy neuroblastoma. The aim of this commentary is to review the evidence that 13-cis retinoic acid is a pro-drug, and consider the implications of retinoid ...
Koda Tomoko - - 2005
Ultraviolet (UV) sunscreen products are popular because of concerns about UV radiation and skin cancer. Unfortunately, some of these products contain agents with estrogenic activity. We used an ovariectomized rat uterotrophic assay to measure the estrogenic activities of 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (2,4-DHBP), 2,2',4,4'-tetrahydroxybenzophenone (2,2',4,4'-THBP), and 4-hydroxybenzoic acid isobutyl ester (isobutyl-paraben), which are ...
Tse Herman K W - - 2005
Renal malformations are common human birth defects that sometimes occur in the context of the caudal regression syndrome. Here, we found that exposure of pregnant mice to all-trans retinoic acid, at a time when the metanephros has yet to form, causes a failure of kidney development along with caudal regression. ...
Ioele G - - 2005
The photodegradation of retinoic acids, tretinoin and isotretinoin, in ethanol and liposomes was studied. The light irradiation was performed according to the conditions suggested by the ICH Guideline for photostability testing by using a Xenon lamp within a wavelength range of 300-800 nm. The photodegradation process was monitored by UV ...
Moon Hyung-In - - 2005
Long term and repeated exposure of ultraviolet (UV) light, a harmful environmental stress, on the skin often induces chronic skin diseases such as skin cancer as well as photoaging (premature skin aging), and the mechanisms of these skin damages are closely associated with up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) activities. Here ...
Roberts Catherine - - 2005
Both Tbx1 and retinoic acid (RA) are key players in embryonic pharyngeal development; loss of Tbx1 produces DiGeorge syndrome-like phenotypes in mouse models as does disruption of retinoic acid homeostasis. We have demonstrated that perturbation of retinoic acid levels in the avian embryo produces altered Tbx1 expression. In vitamin A-deficient ...
Muehlberger Thomas - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A derivatives modulate the inflammatory phase in wound healing. Retinoic acid can restore decreased tensile strength and collagen content in steroid- or diabetes-impaired wounds. It is hypothesized that retinoic acid can lead to accelerated healing with improved breaking strength in unimpaired incisional wounds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Skin incisions ...
Wang Xiang-Dong - - 2005
Chronic and excessive alcohol intake is associated with an increased risk of a variety of cancers (e.g., oral cavity, larynx, esophagus, liver, lung, colorectal, and breast). Retinoids (vitamin A and its derivatives) are known to exert profound effects on cellular growth, cellular differentiation, and apoptosis, thereby controlling carcinogenesis. Lower hepatic ...
Pullman G S - - 2005
The combination of abscisic acid (ABA) and activated carbon increased Norway spruce (Picea abies L., Karst.) cotyledonary somatic embryo yields, increased the number of genotypes forming cotyledonary embryos, caused embryos to form that exhibited improved maturation characteristics, and reduced embryo production costs. Somatic embryos increased in size, showed larger apical ...
Ozbun Laurent L - - 2005
Differentially Expressed Nucleolar TGF-beta1 Target (DENTT) is a new member of the TSPY/TSPY-like/SET/NAP-1 (TTSN) superfamily whose mRNA is induced by TGF-beta1 in TGF-beta1-responsive human lung cancer cells. Monkey DENTT mRNA contains a 2085-bp open reading frame that encodes a predicted polypeptide of 695 amino acids with five nuclear localization signals, ...
Afonso Nuno D - - 2005
The caudal neural tube (CNT) of the avian embryo is devoid of both dorsal and ventral roots. We show that the lack of ventral roots in the CNT, from somite 48 caudalwards, is due to an absence of post-mitotic motoneurons (MNs). The absence of MNs is not due to a ...
Kira S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of the acute phase of acid-induced lung injury (AILI) has been elucidated. However, once acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) develops, the mortality rate remains high and there is, as yet, no effective therapy. There are reports that application of mild hypothermia is an effective treatment for ARDS. ...
Yelin Ronit - - 2005
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a set of developmental malformations caused by alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), the strongest manifestation of FASD, results in short stature, microcephally and facial dysmorphogenesis including microphthalmia. Using Xenopus embryos as a model developmental system, we show that ethanol exposure recapitulates ...
Berggren Söderlund Maria - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Retinoids are vital for embryonic development; both excesses and deficiencies of vitamin A are known to give similar patterns of birth defects. Concentrations of retinol in newborns and in pregnant women have been investigated, but concentrations of the biologically active metabolite all-trans retinoic acid and its isomer 13-cis retinoic ...
Vermot Julien - - 2005
A striking characteristic of vertebrate embryos is their bilaterally symmetric body plan, which is particularly obvious at the level of the somites and their derivatives such as the vertebral column. Segmentation of the presomitic mesoderm must therefore be tightly coordinated along the left and right embryonic sides. We show that ...
Nudelman Abraham - - 2005
Previous studies described a family of anticancer histone deacetylase inhibitor prodrugs of formula Me(CH(2))(2)COOCH(R)OR(1), which upon intracellular hydrolysis release acids and aldehydes. This study examines the mechanisms by which the prodrugs affect tumor cells and the contribution of the released aldehyde (formaldehyde or acetaldehyde) and acids to their anticancer activity. ...
Schopfer Francisco J - - 2005
Nitroalkene derivatives of linoleic acid (nitrolinoleic acid, LNO2) are formed via nitric oxide-dependent oxidative inflammatory reactions and are found at concentrations of approximately 500 nM in the blood of healthy individuals. We report that LNO2 is a potent endogenous ligand for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma; Ki approximately 133 nM) ...
Bunpo Piyawan - - 2005
Asiatic acid is a pentacyclic triterpene contained in medicinal plants. The cytotoxic effect of this compound and its augmentative effect on the anticancer drug irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11) were investigated in the human colon adenocarcinoma cell line HT-29. Asiatic acid dose-dependently showed cytotoxicity in HT-29 cells. DNA fragmentation, annexin-positive apoptotic cells, ...
Wu Wen-Chuan - - 2005
It has been reported that retinoic acid (RA) may inhibit the growth of RPE and be used in the treatment of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). However, previous reports in this field have been conflicting. The main reason for these contradictory findings is that different methods for evaluating the effects of RA ...
Rontani Jean-François - - 2005
9-Hydroperoxy-18-hydroxyoctadec-10(trans)-enoic and 10-hydroperoxy-18-hydroxyoctadec-8(trans)-enoic acids deriving from type II (i.e. involving 1O2) photooxidation of 18-hydroxyoleic acid were detected after visible light-induced senescence experiments carried out with Petroselinum sativum and subsequent cutin depolymerisation. These results showed that in senescent plants, where the 1O2 formation rate exceeds the quenching capacity of the photoprotective ...
Cione Erika - - 2005
The covalent incorporation of [(3)H]all-trans-retinoic acid into proteins has been studied in Leydig (TM-3) cells. The maximum retinoylation activity of Leydig cells proteins was 570+/- 27 fmoles/8 x 10(4) cells at 37( composite function)C. About 95% of [(3)H]retinoic acid was trichloroacetic acid-soluble after proteinase-K digestion or after hydrolysis with hydroxylamine. ...
Keegan Brian R BR Developmental Genetics Program, Skirball Institute of Biomolecular Medicine, and Department of Cell Biology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, - - 2005
Organogenesis begins with specification of a progenitor cell population, the size of which provides a foundation for the organ's final dimensions. Here, we present a new mechanism for regulating the number of progenitor cells by limiting their density within a competent region. We demonstrate that retinoic acid signaling restricts cardiac ...
Johnson Rodney L - - 2005
The racemic trans- and cis-isomers of 1-amino-2-phosphonomethyl-cyclobutanecarboxylic acid (5 and 6) and 1-amino-2-phosphonomethyl-cyclopentanecarboxylic acid (7 and 8) were synthesized as extensions of the mGluR4 agonists trans- and cis-1-amino-2-phosphonomethyl-cyclopropanecarboxylic acid (3 and 4). Although the methylene bridge in 3 and 4 allows for retention of affinity toward the mGluR4 receptor, increasing ...
Katsambas A D - - 2005
Acne vulgaris affects 3 out of 4 adolescents and usually vanishes at the end of puberty with either no sequelae or mild to moderate sequelae, such as postinflammatory hyperpigmenation (PIH), which may result in psychological and emotional damages. The poor tolerability of the actual treatments (secondary inflammation) is a hindrance ...
Maiti Smarajit - - 2005
All-trans retinoic acid is the bioactive form of vitamin A (retinol). Retinoids have been used clinically as therapeutic agents against a number of cancers. Retinoids have been reported to induce the phase I drug metabolizing enzymes, cytochrome P-450s. In contrast, effects of retinoids on sulfotransferases have not been as well ...
Firat Deniz - - 2005
Craniofacial malformations are among the most common congenital deformities. Meckel's cartilage plays a major role in the development of the mandible and is highly susceptible to maternal teratogenic drug use. We therefore investigated possible protective effects of prenatal administration of folic acid on a retinoic-acid induced maxillofacial defect model. Sprague-Dawley ...
Lefebvre Philippe - - 2005
Vitamin A derivatives plays a crucial role in embryonic development, as demonstrated by the teratogenic effect of either an excess or a deficiency in vitamin A. Retinoid effects extend however beyond embryonic development, and tissue homeostasis, lipid metabolism, cellular differentiation and proliferation are in part controlled through the retinoid signaling ...
Han Yusheng - - 2005
Ethacrynic acid has been used as a safe and effective diuretic for more than 30 years. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that ethacrynic acid is also an anti-inflammatory agent that inhibits signaling by the proinflammatory transcription factor NF-kappaB. We showed that ethacrynic acid inhibited luciferase expression in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated ...
Sahin M - - 2005
Attenuating amyloid-beta mediated neurodegeneration is of major therapeutic consideration in the potential treatment of Alzheimer disease. Previously, we found that a high dietary consumption of retinoic acid was associated with a reduced incidence of Alzheimer disease. Therefore, in this study, we investigated whether amyloid-beta mediated cell death in primary hippocampal ...
Prueksaritanont Thomayant - - 2005
PURPOSE: The induction potential of different fibric acid derivatives on human drug metabolizing enzymes was evaluated to help assess the role of enzyme induction on pharmacokinetic drug interactions. METHODS: Effects of gemfibrozil, fenofibric acid, and clofibric acid on expression levels of cytochromes P450 (CYPs) 3A4 and 2C8 and UDP-glucuronyltransferase (UGT) ...
Gainer J L - - 2005
Trans sodium crocetinate is a novel drug, which has been shown previously to increase whole-body oxygen consumption during hemorrhagic shock. TSC has been suggested to work by increasing the diffusion rate of oxygen through plasma rather than on a specific symptom of hemorrhagic shock and has been suggested as a ...
Chivot Martine - - 2005
Retinoids play a vital role in the treatment of acne because they act on the primary lesion, the microcomedo. They are synthetic derivatives of vitamin A (retinol), and are selected for their effectiveness. Several compounds are used for acne, either in topical or systemic form.We describe and compare the different ...
Dréno B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Retinaldehyde (RAL), a key metabolite between vitamin A and retinoic acid, acts by modulating differentiation and proliferation of keratinocytes, which is of interest in acne lesions, mainly retentional lesions. Glycolic acid increases the exfoliation of corneocytes explaining its mild activity on retentional lesions. Thus, RAL and glycolic acid combined ...
Chou Wen-Chien - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While arsenic has long been known as a poison and environmental carcinogen, its dramatic effect in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) has made its mechanism of action a topic of intense interest. This paper reviews recent findings that reveal why a traditional poison has become ...
Tran Christian - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Retinoids and alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) are major compounds in topical therapy. They exert distinct but potentially complementary activities. However, their association is limited by their respective irritating potential. Recently, the first association between a retinoid and an AHA has been achieved; this formulation (RALGA) associates retinaldehyde (RAL)--a precursor of ...
Song Hanjoon M - - 2005
Retinoic acid has been shown to adversely affect craniofacial development. Cleft palate and craniosynostosis are two examples of craniofacial defects associated with prenatal exposure to this agent. Although the effects of retinoic acid on cephalic neural crest-derived tissues have previously been studied, the specific effects of retinoic acid on the ...
Patel Jyoti B - - 2004
Novel retinoic acid metabolism blocking agents (RAMBAs) have been synthesized and characterized. The synthetic features include introduction of nucleophilic ligands at C-4 of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and 13-cis-retinoic acid, and modification of terminal carboxylic acid group. Most of our compounds are powerful inhibitors of hamster liver microsomal ATRA metabolism enzyme(s). ...
Alvarez Rosana - - 2004
Stille cross-coupling of aryltriflates 10 and dienylstannane 11, oxidation and Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reaction afforded stereoselectively retinoates 15. Saponification provided the carboxylic acids 8a and 8b, retinoids that incorporate a bulky hydrophobic ring while preserving the 9-cis-geometry of the parent system. In contrast to the pan-RAR/RXR agonistic profile of the lower homologue ...
Luo Tuanlian - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A normal supply of vitamin A, which regulates gene expression through its active form retinoic acid, is required by many organs; both excess and deficiency can be teratogenic. Very little is known about the role of retinoic acid in maturation of the mammalian forebrain. METHODS: As retinoic acid cannot ...
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