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Duester Gregg G Burnham Institute for Medical Research, Development and Aging Program, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. - - 2008
Retinoic acid, a derivative of vitamin A, is an essential component of cell-cell signaling during vertebrate organogenesis. In early development, retinoic acid organizes the trunk by providing an instructive signal for posterior neuroectoderm and foregut endoderm and a permissive signal for trunk mesoderm differentiation. At later stages, retinoic acid contributes ...
Sato Yu Y Robert S. Dow Neurobiology Laboratories, Legacy Research, Portland, Oregon, - - 2008
In this study we evaluated the neuroprotective potential of vitamin A (all-trans retinol), and its geometric isomers, all-trans retinoic acid and 9-cis retinoic acid, in a focal model of ischemia. A 60 minute middle cerebral artery occlusion in C57 mice resulted in over 50% hemispheric infarction. Vitamin A (retinol) and ...
Lian Fuzhi F Nutrition and Cancer Biology Laboratory, Jean Mayer United States Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA, - - 2008
Lycopene can be cleaved by carotene 9',10'-oxygenase at its 9',10' double bond to form apo-10'-lycopenoids, including apo-10'-lycopenal, -lycopenol and -lycopenoic acid. The latter has been recently shown to inhibit lung carcinogenesis both in vivo and in vitro, however, the mechanism(s) underlying this protection is not well defined. In the present ...
Duester Gregg G Development and Aging Program, Burnham Institute for Medical Research, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. - - 2009
Retinoic acid is a metabolic derivative of vitamin A that plays an essential function in cell-cell signaling by serving as a ligand for nuclear receptors that directly regulate gene expression. The final step in the conversion of retinol to retinoic acid is carried out by three retinaldehyde dehydrogenases encoded by ...
Wood William E - - 2008
Vitamin A, an essential nutrient, is required in its acidic form (retinoic acid) for normal embryogenesis and neuronal development, typically within well-defined concentration ranges. In zebra finches, a songbird species, localized retinoic acid synthesis in the brain is important for the development of song, a learned behavior sharing significant commonalities ...
Zhang Jing - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The clinical activities of all-trans retinoic acid in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia, a unique subtype of acute myeloid leukemia, have triggered extensive studies aimed at defining the mechanisms by which this compound induces differentiation of leukemic cells. Recent studies show that hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1 alpha) contributes ...
Naithani Rahul - - 2008
Scrotal ulcers are a rare manifestation in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia. Fournier's gangrene (FG) is even rarer. We describe three adolescents and young adults who developed scrotal ulcerations during induction with all-trans-retinoic acid. One patient developed FG. These lesions are predominantly seen in Asian population. A good outcome with ...
Jiang Shinn-Jong - - 2008
Chlamydia pneumoniae, a common respiratory pathogen, has been associated with cardiovascular disease. C. pneumoniae infection accelerates atherosclerotic lesion development in hyperlipidemic animals. Retinoic acid, an anti-oxidant, inhibits infection of endothelial cells by C. pneumoniae. The present study demonstrated that retinoic acid suppresses the acceleration of foam cell lesion development induced ...
Decara Juan Manuel - - 2008
Trans-urocanic acid is a major chromophore for ultraviolet (UV) radiation in human epidermis. The UV induces photoisomerization of trans-urocanic acid (tUCA) form to cis-urocanic acid (cUCA) and has been reported as an important mediator in the immunosuppression induced by UV. This immunomodulation has been recognized as an important factor related ...
K?hnel Karin - - 2008
The crystal structures of substrate-free and all-trans-retinoic acid-bound CYP120A1 from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 were determined at 2.4 and 2.1 A resolution, respectively, representing the first structural characterization of a cyanobacterial P450. Features of CYP120A1 not observed in other P450 structures include an aromatic ladder flanking the channel leading to ...
Jones D M - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: An excellent model system that links evolutionary biology and developmental biology in seeking to understand evolutionary diversity is the study of tooth development in mammals. These studies reflect the diversity of mammalian radiations which bear on the interpretation of South African fossil hominids. Tooth development occurs via epithelio-mesenchymal interactions ...
Cadoudal Thomas - - 2008
Glyceroneogenesis is an important metabolic pathway for fatty acid reesterification in adipose tissue, thereby reducing fatty acid release. Glyceroneogenesis and cytosolic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK-C), which is the key enzyme in this pathway, are both regulated by a series of hormones and nutrients, among which all-trans retinoic acid (all-trans RA) is ...
Taibi Gennaro - - 2008
Retinoic acid is considered to be the active metabolite of retinol, able to control differentiation and proliferation of epithelia. Retinoic acid biosynthesis has been widely described with the implication of multiple enzymatic activities. However, our understanding of the cell biological function and regulation of this process is limited. In a ...
Slotkin Theodore A - - 2008
The widespread detection of perfluoroalkyl acids and their derivatives in wildlife and humans, and their entry into the immature brain, raise increasing concern about whether these agents might be developmental neurotoxicants. We evaluated perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonamide (PFOSA), and perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS) in undifferentiated and differentiating ...
Sirbu Ioan Ovidiu IO Burnham Institute for Medical Research, Development and Aging Program, La Jolla, California 92037, - - 2008
Distinct progenitor cell populations exist in cardiac mesoderm important for patterning of the heart. During heart tube formation in mouse, Tbx5 is expressed in progenitors located more laterally, whereas Isl1 and Fgf8 are expressed in progenitors located more medially. Signals that drive mesodermal progenitors into various cardiac lineages include Fgf8, ...
Jiang Houli - - 2008
Erythrocytes serve as reservoirs for cis- and trans-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs). Incubation of rat red blood cells (RBCs) with cis- and trans-EETs produces threo- and erythro-dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids, respectively. The V(max) of EET hydrolysis by rat intact RBCs (2.35 +/- 0.24 pmol/min/10(8) RBCs for 14,15-trans-EET) decreased by approximately 2 to 3-fold sequentially ...
Kiran M S - - 2008
Investigations were carried out to understand the molecular basis of the effect of ursolic acid on angiogenesis by analysing its effects on the expression of modulators of angiogenesis by HUVECs in culture. Treatment with ursolic acid increased the expression of adhesion molecules such as E-selectin, CD-31 and I-CAM, upregulated angiogenic ...
Cooke Gordon - - 2008
The mechanism linking gastroduodenal reflux disease to intestinal metaplasia in the esophagus (Barrett's esophagus) has not been determined. Active conjugate metabolites of retinoic acid, in addition to bile acids, undergo an enterohepatic circulation in bile. Retinoic acid and bile acids are candidate mediators of keratinocyte transdifferentiation in Barrett's esophagus. We ...
Zeng He-Ping - - 2008
Si-wu decoction (SDE), a classic prescription in Traditional Chinese Medicine, has been used for the treatment of a variety of anaemia in China for centuries. In order to explore the scientific basis of the formula, we investigated the relationship between its chemical components and proliferation-promoting effects on rat marrow-derived mesenchymal ...
Yarali Nese - - 2008
All-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA), which is used in acute promyelocytic leukemia, is usually well tolerated, but some side effects can be observed. Retinoic acid syndrome is the most severe side effect. Triazole derivatives such as fluconazole inhibit the NADPH-dependent cytochrome P-450-mediated catabolism of ATRA and are increased plasma levels of ATRA. ...
Patton B S - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to compare effects of finishing environment on growth performance, pork quality and lipid composition of pork. Environments compared were standard confinement (CON) and deep-bedded semi-outdoor systems. The deep-bedded method employed in the current study was the use of hoop structures. Hoops are large, tent-like ...
Montedonico Sandra - - 2008
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Severe pulmonary hypoplasia remains the main cause of the high mortality in newborn infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Retinoids are a family of molecules derived from vitamin A, which play an important role in lung development. We hypothesized that retinoids promote alveologenesis at the end of gestation and ...
Patton B S - - 2008
The objectives of the current study were to determine the degree to which space allocation in a deep-bedded system influences swine performance and pork quality. The deep-bedded method employed was hoop structures, which are large, tent-like shelters with cornstalks or straw for bedding. One hundred gilts ranging in weight from ...
Quarto Natalina - - 2008
Adipose-derived adult stem cells (ASCs), like their bone-marrow derived counterparts, possess the ability to differentiate down osteogenic, chondrogenic, adipogenic, and myogenic pathways. For bone differentiation of mouse ASCs (mASCs), retinoic-acid mediated upregulation of BMPR-IB has been found to be necessary. Interestingly, our previous work has also shown Fibroblast Growth Factor-2 ...
Cuende J - - 2008
In neuroblastoma cells, retinoic acid induces cell cycle arrest and differentiation through degradation of the F-box protein, Skp2, and stabilization of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, p27. However, the mechanism responsible for retinoic acid-mediated Skp2 destabilization is unknown. Since Skp2 is degraded by anaphase-promoting complex (APC)(Cdh1), here we studied whether retinoic acid ...
Burlando Bruno - - 2008
Indian frankincense is a gum resin from Boswellia serrata of Burseraceae used in Ayurveda and Western medicine for the antinflammatory effects of boswellic acids, particularly 3-O-acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid (AKBA). We evaluated in vitro cytotoxicities of B. serrata extract and AKBA on differentiated and undifferentiated keratinocytes (HaCaT and NCTC 2544), and foetal ...
Lee Jin Young - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although wrinkling is the most obvious sign of aged skin, the detailed pathomechanism of wrinkle development has not been elucidated. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we investigated the role of elastic fibers in the formation of skin wrinkles. METHODS: Loss of elastic fibers was measured quantitatively in the facial skins ...
Zhang Hua - - 2008
Nonesterified fatty acids may influence mitochondrial function by alterations in gene expression, metabolism, and/or mitochondrial Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](m)) homeostasis. We have previously reported that polyunsaturated fatty acids induce Ca(2+) efflux from mitochondria, an action that may deplete [Ca(2+)](m) and thus contribute to nonesterified fatty acid-responsive mitochondrial dysfunction. Here we show that ...
Kobayashi Masaki - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the bicarbonate-induced improvement of statins, cerivastatin, simvastatin acid and lovastatin acid -induced apoptosis using rat myoblast cell line (L6) as a model of in vitro skeletal muscle and of cerivastatin-induced muscle damage in vivo study. METHODS: Statin-induced reduction of cell viability ...
Kurita-Ochiai T - - 2008
Butyric acid, an extracellular metabolite from periodontopathic bacteria, induces apoptosis in murine and human T- and B-cells, whereas intact gingival fibroblasts isolated from healthy humans are resistant to butyric-acid-induced apoptosis. We examined the susceptibility of inflamed gingival fibroblasts isolated from adult persons with periodontitis to butyric-acid-induced apoptosis. Butyric acid significantly ...
Pawłowska Katarzyna - - 2008
Several lines of evidence indicate that retinoids, derivates of vitamin A, affect reproductive function in birds, however, the mechanism of their action in the ovary is still unknown. Therefore, the present study was designed (i) to show whether in the domestic hen 9-cis retinoic acid (9-cis RA), one of the ...
Guruvayoorappan Chandrasekharan - - 2008
Cancer prevention using natural products has become an integral part of cancer control. In this study we investigated the effect of 13-cis-retinoic acid on the inhibition of angiogenesis using in vivo as well as in vitro models. Our studies using animal model reveled that 13-cis-retinoic acid could significantly (p < ...
Niemoeller Olivier M - - 2008
Vitamin A and retinoic acid have previously been shown to confer some protection against a severe course of malaria by fostering the phagocytosis of parasitized erythrocytes. Phagocytosis of erythrocytes is stimulated by phosphatidylserine exposure at the cell surface. The present study has thus been performed to explore the effect of ...
Wolf George - - 2008
Retinoic acid can combine with the nuclear retinoic acid receptor (RAR), leading to cell growth inhibition, as in certain tumors. Retinoic acid can also bind to the orphan nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta/delta (PPAR beta/delta), resulting in stimulation of cell growth and inhibition of apoptosis. To bind to RAR, ...
Thielitz Anja - - 2008
Topical retinoids represent a mainstay of acne treatment because they expel mature comedones, reduce microcomedone formation, and exert anti-inflammatory effects. The first-generation retinoid tretinoin (all-trans retinoic acid) and the synthetic third-generation polyaromatics adapalene and tazarotene are approved for acne treatment by the US FDA, whereas topical tretinoin, isotretinoin (13-cis retinoic ...
Hur Seulgi - - 2008
The plastoquinones sargaquinoic acid and sargachromenol are major components of brown alga Sargassum sagamianum and are known to be involved in neurite growth and survival. In this study, we describe their novel pro-apoptotic activities in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, treatment with sargaquinoic acid or sargachromenol promoted cell death ...
Jun Kyung Ran - - 2007
The aims of this study were to summarize results on the association of HLA-DRB1 with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Asians and to determine if the shared epitope (SE) hypothesis could explain the meta-analysis results. Among the papers published between January 1987 and July 2006 on RA susceptibility in Asian-Mongoloid populations ...
Yang Kun-Lin - - 2008
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) mediates the regulation of extracellular matrix via reactive oxygen species (ROS) and calcium influx, both are activators of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) which play a critical role in hepatic fibrogenesis. Hence one can use ROS assay as the main screening tool for molecules that might antagonize ...
Holback Sofia - - 2008
Retinoic acid stimulates alpha-secretase processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) and decreases beta-secretase cleavage that leads to amyloid-beta formation. Here, we investigated the effect of retinoic acid on the two putative alpha-secretases, the disintegrin metalloproteinases ADAM10 and TACE, and the beta-site cleaving enzyme BACE1, in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Western ...
Jacobson Myron K - - 2007
Based on the hypothesis that skin barrier impairment is a contributor to side-effects associated with retinoic acid therapy, a double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study examined the combined use of retinoic acid with myristyl nicotinate (MN), a lipophilic derivative of niacin that enhances skin barrier function, in female subjects with mild to ...
Sorg Olivier - - 2008
Retinoic acid mediates most of the biological actions of vitamin A. It is oxidized by CYP26A1 to 4-oxoretinoic acid, considered as an inactive catabolite of retinoic acid. However, in the light of studies reporting the presence of 4-oxoretinal or 4-oxoretinol as the predominant retinoids during morphogenesis, we analyzed the retinoid-like ...
Lee Chan-Woo - - 2008
The methanol extract from Selaginella tamariscina significantly inhibited UV irradiation induced activity of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) in primary fibroblasts from human skin. Using the technique of bioassay-directed chromatographic separation, five biflavonoids were isolated from the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of S. tamariscina. Here, we investigated the effect of these five ...
Ilic Mirna Z - - 2007
Aggrecan loss from mouse cartilage is predominantly because of ADAMTS-5 activity; however, the relative contribution of other proteolytic and nonproteolytic processes to this loss is not clear. This is the first study to compare aggrecan loss with aggrecan processing in mice with single and double deletions of ADAMTS-4 and -5 ...
Boiy Annelies - - 2007
Hypericin, a naturally occurring photosensitizer, is currently being investigated for topical use in photodynamic therapy (PDT). In a previous study, it was found that hypericin can be delivered in the epidermis of hairless mouse skin after a 4-h application in Beeler base. With the intention to further optimize the penetration ...
Reddy P Sreenivasula - - 2008
9-cis-Retinoic acid (9CRA) and all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) are known to be involved in the regulation of glucose homeostasis in vertebrates by inducing insulin release and expression of glucose reporter proteins. In view of the fact that 9CRA and ATRA are endogenous in crustaceans and a retinoic acid X-receptor exists in ...
Makrakis John - - 2007
A reduced nephron complement at birth renders the kidney susceptible to renal disease in adulthood. Retinoic acid (RA; the active metabolite of vitamin A) is linked to nephrogenesis in vitro and in vivo. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of administration of retinoic acid in midgestation ...
Guo Jing-Feng - - 2008
Increasing evidence suggests that aberrant activation of PI3K/Akt is involved in many human cancers, and that inhibition of the PI3K/Akt pathway might be a promising strategy for cancer treatment. Our investigation indicates that Rhabdastrellic acid-A, an isomalabaricane triterpenoid isolated from the sponge, Rhabdastrella globostellata, inhibits proliferation of HL-60 cells with ...
Rhee Yun-Seok - - 2007
The effects of vehicles and penetration enhancers on the skin permeation of clebopride were evaluated using Franz type diffusion cells fitted with excised rat dorsal skins. The binary vehicle system, diethylene glycol monoethyl ether/isopropyl myristate (40/60, w/w), significantly enhanced the skin permeation rate of clebopride. The skin permeation enhancers, oleic ...
Draelos Zoe Diana - - 2007
Skin lightening preparations are widely used in dermatology by persons of all Fitzpatrick skin types. Fitzpatrick skin types I-III require local pigment lightening for the treatment of hormonally induced melasma and postinflammatory hyperpigmentation caused by acne and trauma. Fitzpatrick skin types IV and darker have an even greater need for ...
Leong Yee-Kwong - - 2007
The particle bridging behaviour of dicarboxylic acid bolaform compounds such as fumaric, oxalic,trans-beta-hydromuconic, trans,trans- and cis,cis-muconic acids were evaluated in terms of their effects on the yield stress of alpha-Al(2)O(3) dispersions. The adsorption behaviour of these additives and their effects on the particle zeta potential were also determined. This study ...
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