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Gu Beibei - - 2010
The retinoids, a group of natural or synthetic derivatives of vitamin A, exert various anti-neoplastic and immunomodulatory actions. Recent studies have demonstrated that retinoic acid protects rats against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mastitis, but the mechanism of action is unclear. In the present study, an LPS-induced rat mastitis model and primary cultures ...
Han Kyuyong - - 2011
The human COX-2 promoter contains a direct repeat 1 (DR1) which was shown to confer responsiveness to PPARs. We found that in AN(3)CA and F9 cells, this hCOX-2 DR1 mediates responsiveness to all-trans-retinoic acid (tRA) or 9-cis-retinoic acid (9cRA), but this effect was suppressed by PPARδ. Truncated PPARδ lacking the ...
Sellier P - - 2010
Genetic parameters pertaining to the same chemical characteristics of three porcine tissues, that is backfat (BF), perirenal fat (PF) and longissimus muscle (LM), were estimated in centrally tested Large White and Landrace pigs. Animals were fed ad libitum. They were slaughtered at an average BW of 99.6 kg, and samples ...
Koussoulakou Despina S - - 2011
Retinoic acid and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP4) are endogenous factors indispensable for the physiological development of vertebrates. The proximate aim of the present study was to investigate whether the natural compound citral (a retinoic acid synthesis inhibitor) and a monoclonal, anti-BMP4 antibody, administered to pregnant mice affect in the fetuses ...
Vilhais-Neto Gon?alo C - - 2010
One of the most notable features of the vertebrate body plan organization is its bilateral symmetry, evident at the level of vertebrae and skeletal muscles. Here we show that a mutation in Rere (also known as atrophin2) leads to the formation of asymmetrical somites in mouse embryos, similar to embryos ...
García-Rojas P - - 2010
The importance of dietary fat components, such as fatty acids, in the expression of multiple genes is clear. In the case of beef cattle, fat in the form of fatty acids (saturated or unsaturated), vitamin A (mainly retinoic acid), or carotenoids (beta-carotene and lutein) is obtained from dietary feed or ...
Papanikolaou Nikolaos A - - 2010
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (ARL) is characterized by the nearly homogeneous expression of the fusion oncogenic protein PML-RARalpha and the testis-specific cyclin A1 protein, which are implicated in its pathogenesis. PML-RARalpha binds all-trans retinoic acid with high affinity inducing granulocytic differentiation and remission. Current approaches with high doses of single or ...
Aktas Safiye - - 2010
AIM: Neuroblastoma is an important pediatric tumor in which Myc-N amplification is a well-known poor prognostic indicator. It has a great diversity in clinical behavior. The effect of pharmacologic agents used in neuroblastoma treatment on Myc-N expression is still unclear. METHOD: We analyzed Myc-N expression changes by immunocytochemistry in Myc-N-positive ...
Franchini Antonella - - 2010
In this review, we focus on processes, organs and systems targeted by the marine toxins yessotoxin (YTX), okadaic acid (OA) and palytoxin (PTX). The effects of YTX and their basis are analyzed from data collected in the mollusc Mytilus galloprovincialis, the annelid Enchytraeus crypticus, Swiss CD1 mice and invertebrate and ...
Gillis J Andrew - - 2009
Alcian blue skeletal preparations of wild-type (front) and retinoic acid-treated (back) embryos of the little skate, Leucoraja erinacea. As in paired fins, the cartilaginous gill rays of L. erinacea are patterned by a retinoic acid-regulated Sonic hedghog (Shh)-Fibroblast growth factor 8 (Fgf8) feedback loop, and exposure to exogenous retinoic acid ...
Lee Hyun-Pil - - 2009
Retinoic acid, an essential factor derived from vitamin A, has been shown to have a variety of functions including roles as an antioxidant and in cellular differentiation. Since oxidative stress and dedifferentiation of neurons appear to be common pathological elements of a number of neurodegenerative disorders, we speculated that retinoic ...
Volakakis Nikolaos - - 2009
The orphan nuclear receptor (NR) Nurr1 is expressed in the developing and adult nervous system and is also induced as an immediate early gene in a variety of cell types. In silico analysis of human promoters identified fatty acid binding protein 5 (FABP5), a protein shown to enhance retinoic acid-mediated ...
Epping Mirjam T - - 2009
To identify potential biomarkers of therapy response, we have previously done a large-scale gain-of-function genetic screen to identify genes whose expression confers resistance to histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACI). This genetic screen identified two genes with a role in retinoic acid signaling, suggesting that HDACIs target retinoic acid signaling as part ...
Bingemann Sonja C - - 2009
Ecotropic viral integration site 1 (EVI1) plays important roles in leukaemia and development, and its expression is temporally and spatially highly restricted during the latter process. Nevertheless, the only physiological agent that to date has been shown to regulate transcription of this gene in mammalian cells is all-trans retinoic acid. ...
Acin-Perez Rebeca - - 2010
The physiology of two metabolites of vitamin A is understood in substantial detail: retinaldehyde functions as the universal chromophore in the vertebrate and invertebrate eye; retinoic acid regulates a set of vertebrate transcription factors, the retinoic acid receptor superfamily. The third member of this retinoid triumvirate is retinol. While functioning ...
Yu Wenshu - - 2009
All-trans retinoic acid has revolutionized the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia, but this therapy is often complicated by the all-trans retinoic acid syndrome. Here we report a patient with newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia who developed acute focal myositis, synovitis, and possible vasculitis, after receiving all-trans retinoic acid therapy. We ...
Cui Chunying - - 2009
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), an active metabolite of vitamin A, is widely used in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. However, its high lipophilicity is thought to be responsible for the slow dissolution and low bioavailability following oral administration. In order to obtain compounds with better solubility ...
Hatakeyama S - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: It has been reported that retinoic acid disintegrates the desmosome formation of squamous epithelium, resulting in inhibition of stratification. In contrast, it is not known whether retinoic acid influences the integration of tight junctions. Therefore, our objective of this study is to disclose effects of retinoic acid ...
Alder Adrian - - 2009
Retinoids are C(20) apocarotenoids that have various important functions in metazoans. In addition, several findings suggest their occurrence in eubacteria, including cyanobacteria. It has been shown that the Synechocystis cytochrome P450 enzyme CYP120A1 is a retinoic acid-binding polypeptide. In this work, we determined the reaction catalyzed by CYP120A1 and investigated ...
Wu Lili L Department of Nutritional Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, - - 2010
Vitamin A (VA) is essential for fetal lung development and postnatal lung maturation. VA is stored mainly as retinyl esters (REs), which may be mobilized for production of retinoic acid (RA). This study was designed 1) to evaluate several acidic retinoids for their potential to increase RE in the lungs ...
Deimling Steven J - - 2009
The lateral plate mesoderm (LPM) lines the body cavities, gives rise to the heart and circulatory system and is responsible for patterning the underlying endoderm. We describe gene expression domains within the lateral plate mesoderm of the neurula stage Xenopus embryo that demonstrate a marked anterior posterior pattern in that ...
Zhang Xiao-Jing - - 2009
Both glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH-2) have been reported to participate in the biotransformation of nitroglycerin. In this study, we explored which is the major player in nitroglycerin biotransformation. In vivo, rats were treated with nitroglycerin, the blood pressure and plasma calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) were measured. The ...
Miyoshi Takashi - - 2010
Retinoic acid syndrome (RAS) is a serious complication during induction therapy with all-trans retinoic acid (RA) in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia. In this study, we examined whether reactive oxygen species (ROS) were involved in capillary leak phenomenon in RAS, using NB4 cells. When cells were stimulated by phorbol 12-myristate ...
Cui Yuxia - - 2009
The transition metal cadmium is an environmental teratogen. In addition, cadmium and retinoic acid can act synergistically to induce forelimb malformations. The molecular mechanism underlying the teratogenicity of cadmium and the synergistic effect with retinoic acid has not been addressed. An evolutionarily conserved gene, beta,beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase (BCMO), which is involved ...
Kricheldorf Hans R - - 2009
Reinvestigation of numerous ring-opening polymerizations by means of MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry has evidenced that cyclic polymers were formed as the only reaction products or, at least, in large fractions. This finding is ascribed to the intermediate formation of difunctional chains having active end groups that can react with each other. ...
Clugston Robin D - - 2010
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a frequently occurring source of severe neonatal respiratory distress. It has been hypothesized that abnormal retinoid signaling contributes to the etiology of this developmental anomaly. Here, we use rodent models toward specifically understanding the role of retinoid signaling in the developing diaphragm and how its ...
Mélot Mickaël - - 2009
The purpose of this study is to monitor in vivo the effect of chemical penetration enhancers on the delivery of trans-retinol into human skin. Chemical penetration enhancers reversibly alter barrier properties of the SC by disruption of the membrane structures or maximising drug solubility with the skin. So far, most ...
Bhattacharyya Tapan K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A large number of commercial antiwrinkle and antiaging compounds are available to consumers for rejuvenation of facial skin ravaged by age or solar radiation. Experimental data on the histological effects of these commercial products in laboratory models are sparse. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of topical application of five ...
Schuchardt Jan P - - 2009
Retinoic acid receptor (RAR) and retinoid X receptor are ligand-induced transcription factors that belong to the nuclear receptor family. The receptors are activated by small hydrophobic compounds, such as all-trans-retinoic acid and 9-cis-retinoic acid, respectively. Interestingly, these receptors are also targets for a number of exogenous compounds. In this study, ...
Fujiki Ryoji R Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032, - - 2009
The post-translational modifications of histone tails generate a 'histone code' that defines local and global chromatin states. The resultant regulation of gene function is thought to govern cell fate, proliferation and differentiation. Reversible histone modifications such as methylation are under mutual controls to organize chromosomal events. Among the histone modifications, ...
Gronemeyer Hinrich - - 2009
Properly designed genome-wide screening strategies can provide new insights into biological processes and/or biomarkers for malignant diseases. In this issue of Cancer Cell, Huang et al. demonstrate that the Krüppel zinc-finger protein ZNF423 is critical for retinoic acid signaling and is likely a favorable prognostic marker for neuroblastoma.
Witt Olaf - - 2009
A 9-month-old girl presented with massive bilateral diffuse nephroblastomatosis. After response to actinomycin D and vincristine over a period of 1 year, the nephroblastomatosis continuously progressed under this treatment. As retinoic acid signaling is critical for normal renal development and nephroblastomatosis seems histologically as undifferentiated embryonal tissue, we added 13-cis ...
Klotz J L - - 2009
Ergot alkaloids have been associated with vasoconstriction in grazing livestock affected by the fescue toxicosis syndrome. Previous in vitro investigations studying how ergot alkaloids caused vasoconstriction have shown that ergovaline has a distinct receptor affinity and sustained contractile response. A similar contractile response has not been noted for lysergic acid. ...
Silva Alba Cenélia M - - 2009
AIMS: Retinoic acid is widely used in dermatological treatment and thyroid cancer management; however its possible side-effects on normal thyroid function remains unknown. We aimed to determine the effects of retinoic acid on thyroid function of adult female rats. MAIN METHODS: Female Wistar rats were treated with all-trans-retinoic acid and ...
Kogan Scott C - - 2009
In a recent issue of Nature Medicine, Nasr et al. show that the effectiveness of all-trans retinoic acid and arsenic trioxide in acute promyelocytic leukemia is independent of their ability to cause differentiation. Targeted destruction of the PML-RARalpha oncoprotein appears key to eliminating the cells from which relapse can arise.
Kume Toshiaki - - 2009
We investigated the effect of serofendic acid, a neuroprotective substance derived from fetal calf serum, on the morphological changes in cultured cortical astrocytes. Cultured astrocytes developed a stellate morphology with several processes following exposure to dibutylyl cAMP (dbcAMP), a membrane-permeable cAMP analog; 8-Br-cGMP, a membrane-permeable cGMP analog; or phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA), ...
Molnar Janos - - 2009
Ethacrynic acid (Edecrin) is a loop diuretic that produces a prompt and profound diuresis. The primary action of ethacrynic acid is the inhibition of the activity of the Na-K-2Cl symporter in the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle. The onset of action is usually within 30 minutes after ...
Bandyopadhyay Debabrata - - 2009
Melasma is a common hypermelanotic disorder affecting the face that is associated with considerable psychological impacts. The management of melasma is challenging and requires a long-term treatment plan. In addition to avoidance of aggravating factors like oral pills and ultraviolet exposure, topical therapy has remained the mainstay of treatment. Multiple ...
Kuss Pia - - 2009
Individuals with the birth defect synpolydactyly (SPD) have 1 or more digit duplicated and 2 or more digits fused together. One form of SPD is caused by polyalanine expansions in homeobox d13 (Hoxd13). Here we have used the naturally occurring mouse mutant that has the same mutation, the SPD homolog ...
Shu Wenxiu - - 2008
Gambogic acid, the main active compound of gamboge resin of Garcinia hanburryi, has recently exhibited marked antitumour potency on solid tumours of various derivations. We demonstrate here that gambogic acid also present powerful antileukaemic potency through both growth arrest and apoptosis induction in Jurkat cells, which was accompanied by typical ...
Takigawa Satoko - - 2008
Butyric acid is detected in periodontal pockets and is thought to be involved in the initiation and progression of periodontal disease. We examined the effects of sodium bicarbonate on the butyric acid-induced epithelial cell damage. The human gingival carcinoma cell line Ca9-22 was cultured in medium that contained butyric acid ...
Abe Makoto - - 2008
Retinoic acid signaling plays important roles in establishing normal patterning and cellular differentiation during embryonic development. In this study, we show that single administration of retinoic acid at embryonic day 8.5 causes homeotic transformation of the lower jaw into upper jaw-like structures. This homeosis was preceded by downregulation of Fgf8 ...
Campo-Paysaa Florent - - 2008
Retinoic acid (RA) is a vitamin A-derived morphogen important for axial patterning and organ formation in developing vertebrates and invertebrate chordates (tunicates and cephalochordates). Recent analyses of genomic data have revealed that the molecular components of the RA signaling cascade are also present in other invertebrate groups, such as hemichordates ...
Ruiz F Xavier FX Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, - - 2009
NADP(H)-dependent cytosolic aldo-keto reductases (AKRs) have been added to the group of enzymes which contribute to oxidoreductive conversions of retinoids. Recently, we found that two members from the AKR1B subfamily (AKR1B1 and AKRB10) were active in the reduction of all-trans- and 9-cis-retinaldehyde, with K(m) values in the micromolar range, but ...
Austenaa Liv M - - 2009
Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major inducer of systemic inflammatory reactions and oxidative stress in response to microbial infections and may cause sepsis. In the present study, we demonstrate that retinoic acid inhibits LPS-induced activation in transgenic reporter mice and human monoblasts through inhibition of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB). By ...
Alvarez Susana - - 2008
A series of 9-cis-retinoic acid analogs modified at the hydrophobic ring with a (bi)cyclohexenyl moiety derived from natural terpenes has been stereoselectively prepared using a Suzuki cross-coupling as key step. Transient transactivation studies indicate that modification of the hydrophobic ring impacts dramatically on RXR-binding and transactivation, with most retinoids being ...
White Richard J - - 2008
The vitamin A derivative retinoic acid performs many functions in vertebrate development and is thought to act as a diffusible morphogen that patterns the anterior-posterior axis of the hindbrain. Recent work in several systems has led to insights into how the spatial distribution of retinoic acid is regulated. These have ...
Benísek Martin - - 2008
Retinoids are dietary hormones acting through nuclear receptors for retinoic acid, important especially during embryonic development. This study focuses on the disruption of signaling pathways of retinoids by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their N-heterocyclic analogs (N-PAHs), important environmental contaminants with numerous biological effects. In vitro test with P19/A15 cell ...
Duester Gregg - - 2008
Retinoic acid, a derivative of vitamin A, is an essential component of cell-cell signaling during vertebrate organogenesis. In early development, retinoic acid organizes the trunk by providing an instructive signal for posterior neuroectoderm and foregut endoderm and a permissive signal for trunk mesoderm differentiation. At later stages, retinoic acid contributes ...
Sato Yu Y Robert S. Dow Neurobiology Laboratories, Legacy Research, Portland, Oregon, - - 2008
In this study we evaluated the neuroprotective potential of vitamin A (all-trans retinol), and its geometric isomers, all-trans retinoic acid and 9-cis retinoic acid, in a focal model of ischemia. A 60 minute middle cerebral artery occlusion in C57 mice resulted in over 50% hemispheric infarction. Vitamin A (retinol) and ...
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