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Results 601 - 650 of 1759
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Mertz J R - - 2000
Research over the past two decades has shown that the growth of young eyes is guided by vision. If near- or far-sightedness is artificially imposed by spectacle lenses, eyes of primates and chicks compensate by changing their rate of elongation, thereby growing back to the pre-lens optical condition. Little is ...
Wang L - - 2000
Acetaldehyde alone and retinoic acid alone have been shown to increase and decrease, respectively, collagen production by stellate cells in culture. In this study the effects of retinoic acid on alpha(1)(I) and alpha(2)(I) collagen expression and its influence on the enhancing effects of acetaldehyde were determined. Retinoic acid decreased the ...
Moriya N - - 2000
Dorsal lips of Xenopus laevis may differentiate into pancreas after treatment with retinoic acid in vitro. The dorsal lip region is fated to be dorsal mesoderm and anterior endoderm. Dorsal lip cells isolated from stage 10 early gastrula differentiate into tissues such as notochord, muscle and pharynx. However, in the ...
Yokoyama H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We established a high performance liquid chromatography system that allowed simultaneous quantification of various retinoids. METHODS: We applied the retinoids to a high performance liquid chromatography system with a silica gel absorption column. Samples were separated by the system with a binary multistep gradient with two kinds of solvent ...
Emmanouil-Nikoloussi E N - - 2000
Diverse studies on retinoic acid teratogenesis, during the recent years, indicate that the drug's analogues target on diverse cell population during differentiation in mammals. During an extended teratological protocol concerning retinoic acid influence in diverse embryonic tissue differentiation in experimental animals we studied all-trans-retinoic acid's influence on palatal development in ...
Ahmad M - - 2000
Cytochrome P450-mediated 4-hydroxylation of retinoic acid is an important pathway in the termination of its biological action and the activity of certain P450 isozymes has been studied in non-induced male rat hepatic microsomes using isozyme-selective inhibitors. The importance of the activity of the isozyme to retinoic acid metabolism was, 2A6 ...
Zhang Q Y - - 2000
Retinoic acids have important pleiotropic biological effects and thus the potential for human cytochrome P-450s (CYPs) to mediate retinoic acid synthesis was investigated. We examined the retinoic acid synthetic activity of human cDNA-expressed CYP1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 2A6, 2B6, 2C8, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6, 2E1, 3A4, 3A4+ cytochrome b(5) (b(5)), 3A5, and ...
Mao G E - - 2000
The retro-retinoids 14-hydroxy-4,14-retro-retinol (14-HRR) and anhydroretinol (AR) are endogenous metabolites of retinol (Vitamin A). 14-HRR and retinol, but not retinoic acid, promote the proliferation of lymphocytes and fibroblasts when cultured in serum-free medium, whereas AR competitively inhibits these growth-supportive effects. Retinol and all-trans-retinoic acid are potent teratogens. This study shows ...
Mackenzie P I - - 2000
Mycophenolic acid, the active metabolite of the immunosuppressant and antiproliferative agent, mycophenolate mofetil, is primarily metabolized by glucuronidation to the inactive 7-O-glucuronide. Although the uridine diphosphate (UDP) 7-O-glucuronide is the principal excretion product of this drug, carboxyl-linked glucuronides have also been detected in vitro and in vivo. To identify human ...
Yan M - - 2000
Retinoic acid has been associated with a variety of cardiac defects. A percentage of these defects are related to changes in the endocardial cushions. Studies in mice and older chick embryos have shown a decrease in mesenchymal cell formation attributable to retinoic acid and have suggested that retinoic acid was ...
Lin H S - - 2000
all-trans-Retinoic acid (ATRA, vitamin A acid, or tretinoin) is a potent chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Its poor aqueous solubility not only affects its oral absorption but also prevents it from forming an aqueous parenteral formulation. Recently, we developed a water-soluble formulation of ATRA with ...
Hermanns J F - - 2000
BACKGROUND: During photoaging, the density of melanin chromatophores is heterogeneous in the epidermis. AIMS: To define the patterns of pheomelanin-enriched melanotic hypermelanosis of the face in phototype II subjects and to assess the effect of depigmenting agents. Azelaic acid and glycolic acid were tested as well as a soy extract, ...
Disdier B - - 2000
The biotransformation and tissue distribution of 9-cis-retinoic acid was investigated in hairless rats. Indeed, only limited information is available about the pharmacokinetics of 9-cis-retinoic acid. Assuming that the target site for retinoids is the skin, tissue distribution study is therefore particularly justified. Following single oral administration of 30 mg/kg of ...
Mühling J - - 2000
Previous studies have shown the inhibitory effects of thiopentone on polymorphonuclear leucocyte (PML) function. However, major biochemical mechanisms which have been involved are still unknown. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate thiopentone's effects on intracellular amino acid metabolism in PML using both advanced PML separation- and HPLC ...
Stahl W - - 2000
Carotenoids and retinoids stimulate gap junctional communication (GJC), thought to be related to cancer-preventive properties. Lycopene, a nonprovitamin A carotenoid and its possible oxidation product, acyclo-retinoic acid, were tested for their effect on GJC, on stabilization of connexin43 mRNA, and on the transactivation of the RAR-beta2-promoter in vitro. In human ...
Dufner, Jodi Lynn.
Neuroblastoma is the most common extracranial solid tumor in children. Despite increases in the intensity of treatment of this tumor over the past several decades, the long-term survival of patients with advanced neuroblastoma remains dismal. This lack of progress has sparked interest in the use of alternative forms of therapy. ...
McDonald W S - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of retinoic acid on wound healing and depth of injury in an animal skin model resurfaced with a CO2 laser. The dorsal skin of 21 Hartley guinea pigs was divided into halves. One-half received a daily application of 0.05% retinoic ...
Bernardini S - - 1999
The ability of retinoic acid to modulate glutathione S-transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) activity has important implications both for cancer prevention and for anticancer therapy. We investigated GSTP1-1 expression and activity in the human neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-BE(2) (genotype A*/B*) under basal conditions and during 48-h incubation with 0.1 microM all-trans-retinoic acid. ...
Yamada E - - 1999
Retinoids are strong tissue modifiers and have been used to treat severe acne, keloids and photo-aged skin. Tocoretinate (TR), ester bound retinoic acid and tocopherol, has been topically applied for skin ulcers and, more recently, for sclerotic skin diseases. To clarify the mechanism of tissue softening by retinoids and TR, ...
Tsibris J C - - 1999
Uterine leiomyomata are the main indication for a hysterectomy in the United States and occur in 25% of women >35 years. Because uterine leiomyomata can form when ovariectomized guinea pigs are exposed to estradiol and retinoic acids, we tested whether human leiomyomata had high levels of retinoic acids and related ...
Rial E - - 1999
In mammalian brown adipose tissue, thermogenesis is explained by uncoupling mitochondrial respiration from ATP synthesis. Uncoupling protein-1 (UCP1) is responsible for this uncoupled state, because it allows proton re-entry into the matrix and thus dissipates the proton gradient generated by the respiratory chain. Proton transport by UCP1 is regulated negatively ...
Su J - - 1999
17Beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (17betaHSDs) convert androgens and estrogens between their active and inactive forms, whereas retinol dehydrogenases catalyze the conversion between retinol and retinal. Retinol dehydrogenases function in the visual cycle, in the generation of the hormone retinoic acid, and some also act on androgens. Here we report cloning and expression ...
DeRose J J JJ - - 1999
Vitamin A and its derivatives (retinoids) are capable of inhibiting vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation in vitro. The present study examines the effect of two retinoids, all-trans retinoic acid and 13-cis retinoic acid, on intimal hyperplasia following arterial injury. After receiving varying doses of all-trans retinoic acid or 13-cis retinoic ...
Franco P G - - 1999
Previous work has shown that the posteriorising agent retinoic acid can accelerate anterior neuronal differentiation in Xenopus laevis embryos (Papalopulu, N. and Kintner, C. (1996) Development 122, 3409-3418). To elucidate the role of retinoic acid in the primary neurogenesis cascade, we investigated whether retinoic acid treatment of whole embryos could ...
Ohishi M - - 1999
We studied the effect of retinoic acid on osteopontin synthesis and the mRNA expression in rat clonal dental pulp cells, RPC-C2A. An immunoprecipitation assay clarified that retinoic acid caused an increase in phosphorylated osteopontin synthesis that was dose-dependent, and marked increases were observed at retinoic acid concentrations of 10(-6) to ...
Pattanayek R - - 1999
A retinoic acid binding protein isolated from the lumen of the rat epididymis (ERABP) is a member of the lipocalin superfamily. ERABP binds both the all-trans and 9-cis isomers of retinoic acid, as well as the synthetic retinoid (E)-4-[2-(5,6,7,8)-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2 napthalenyl-1 propenyl]-benzoic acid (TTNPB), a structural analog of all-trans retinoic acid. ...
Oho E - - 1999
We measured N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine-induced reactive oxygen species production by neutrophils from three patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia during treatment with all-trans retinoic acid using a luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence assay. The maximum level of reactive oxygen species production during all-trans retinoic acid treatment was 58.8 +/- 2.3 x 10(4) (mean +/- SEM) counted ...
Tang-Liu D D - - 1999
Tazarotene (AGN 190168) is a new acetylenic retinoid which is effective for the topical treatment of patients with stable plaque psoriasis and mild to moderate acne vulgaris. Topical gel application provides direct delivery of tazarotene into the skin. At 10 hours after a topical application of 0.1% tazarotene gel to ...
Csaba G - - 1999
In earlier experiments, the long-term effect of perinatal treatment (hormonal imprinting) with all-trans-retinol and all-trans-retinoic acid on the thymic glucocorticoid and uterine estrogen receptors was studied and was found effective. In the present experiments, the imprinting effect of four retinoids (13-cis-retinaldehyde, 13-cis-retinoic acid, 9-cis-retinaldehyde and 9-cis-retinoic acid) was investigated, using ...
Kierdorf U - - 1999
Unilateral injection of 10 mg of all-trans retinoic acid (RA) into the lateral portion of the growing pedicle of fallow bucks (n = 20) led to a significant (P = 0.033, Wilcoxon matched-pairs test) increase in first antler volume (median, 25.5 ml) as compared to the contralateral (control) side, injected ...
Seko A - - 1999
Two different types of peptide:N-glycanase (PNGase) were identified in developing embryos of medaka fish ( Oryzias latipes ). Because the optimum pH values for their activities were acidic and neutral, they were designated as acid PNGase M and neutral PNGase M, respectively. The acid PNGase M corresponded to the enzyme ...
Lawson N D - - 1999
Neutrophil maturation occurs in well defined morphological stages that correlate with the acquisition of molecular markers associated with neutrophil function. A variety of factors are known to play a role in terminal neutrophil maturation, including the vitamin A derivative, retinoic acid. Retinoic acid can directly modulate gene expression via binding ...
Visani G - - 1999
In order to investigate the direct effects of retinoids on normal adult hematopoietic progenitors, purified CD34+ cells were seeded in serum-free cultures in the presence of pharmacological (10(-6)) M or physiological (10(-12)) M concentrations of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and 9-cis retinoic acid (9-cis RA) plus combinations of specific cytokines. ...
Naderi S - - 1999
The mechanisms underlying the growth-inhibitory effect of retinoids on normal human B lymphocytes are not well understood. We addressed this issue by examining the effect of retinoic acid on the cell cycle machinery involved in G1/S transition. When retinoic acid was administered to B cells stimulated into mid to late ...
Rigobello M P - - 1999
Retinoic acids, structurally related to vitamin A, inhibit the in vitro proliferation of different types of normal and neoplastic cells. The effects of all-trans, 9-cis, and 13-cis retinoic acids were tested on mitochondria isolated from rat liver. All the compounds were able to induce the membrane permeability transition observed as ...
Wingerath T - - 1999
Laser desorption ionization (LDI)- and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI)-mass spectrometry (LDI-MS, MALDI-MS) at 337-nm laser wavelength were used to analyze retinol (vitamin A), retinoic acid, and retinal and their analogs 3-hydroxyretinol, 3-hydroxyretinoic acid, 3-hydroxyretinal, 4-oxoretinol, 4-oxoretinoic acid, 4-oxoretinal, 3,4-didehydroretinol (vitamin A(2)), 3,4-didehydroretinoic acid, 3,4-didehydroretinal, acycloretinol, acycloretinoic acid, and acycloretinal. ...
Ulukaya E - - 1999
Retinoids, natural or synthetic substances which have vitamin A activity, have a well-known reputation for their antitumour and differention-inducing activity in vitro and in vivo. More than 1500 retinoids have been tested so far but very few of them have been entered into clinical trials because of their side-effects. All-trans-N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide ...
Andersson E - - 1999
Vitamin A is an intrinsic modulator of proliferation and differentiation in human epidermis, and may be destroyed by ultraviolet radiation (UVR) impinging on the skin. To identify the deleterious effects of a perturbed cellular vitamin A status, we investigated the endogenous retinoid concentrations and the metabolism of [3H]retinol and all-trans ...
Wei X - - 1999
13-cis retinoic acid (RA) is a causative agent for human/monkey retinoic acid embryopathy (RAE), in which the most common type of malformation is microtia or anotia. In the present study, malformed ears of monkey fetuses exposed to RA during early embryogenesis were analyzed and revealed a subtype of defects., i.e., ...
Parnigotto P P - - 1999
We investigated the biological effects of five all-trans retinoic acid derivatives, bearing heterocyclic ring systems in the side chain. Growth assays performed on submerged human fibroblast and keratinocyte cultures revealed that (E)4-[2-(5-terbuthyl-thiophen-2-yl)propenyl]benzoic acid (compound 5) is the best compound among the studied derivatives for it exhibits a weaker antiproliferative activity ...
Du C - - 1999
Retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARalpha) is the target of several chromosomal translocations associated with acute promyelocytic leukemias (APLs). These rearrangements fuse RARalpha to different partner genes creating the chimeric proteins: PML-RARalpha, PLZF-RARalpha, and NPM-RARalpha. Although the vast majority of APLs respond to retinoic acid therapy, those associated with PLZF-RARalpha are ...
Neele D M - - 1999
We have shown previously that retinoids induce apolipoprotein (apo) A-I gene expression in cultured cynomolgus hepatocytes and do not have an effect on apo B-100 synthesis. In the present study, the effect of retinoids on apolipoprotein(a) (apo(a)) synthesis in cultured hepatocytes was investigated. The addition of all-trans retinoic acid (at-RA) ...
Foglio M H - - 1999
Some members of the human alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) family possess retinol dehydrogenase activity and may thus function in production of the active nuclear receptor ligand retinoic acid. Many diverse natural forms of retinol exist including all-trans-retinol (vitamin A(1)), 9-cis-retinol, 3,4-didehydroretinol (vitamin A(2)), 4-oxo-retinol, and 4-hydroxy-retinol as well as their respective ...
Jacob A - - 1999
We have previously demonstrated that gene expression of the hepatocyte nuclear factor 3alpha (HNF-3alpha) transcription factor is activated during retinoic-acid-induced differentiation of F9 embryonal carcinoma cells (A. Jacob et al. (1994). Nucleic Acids Res. 22, 2126-2133). We have extended these studies and now show that HNF-3alpha mRNA is induced approximately ...
Jansen J H - - 1999
The combined use of retinoic acid and chemotherapy has led to an important improvement of cure rates in acute promyelocytic leukemia. Retinoic acid forces terminal maturation of the malignant cells and this application represents the first generally accepted differentiation-based therapy in leukemia. Unfortunately, similar approaches have failed in other types ...
Yoshimura K - - 1999
A new bleaching protocol for skin hyperpigmentation with a higher concentration of all-trans retinoic acid (atRA) aqueous gel than those commercially available is introduced. AtRA aqueous gel (0.1%) was applied topically twice a day along with 4% hydroquinone, 7% lactic acid ointment to oriental patients with hyperpigmented lesions such as ...
Cabrera-Valladares G - - 1999
Retinoic acid has manifold effects on pancreatic beta-cells. Previously we reported that retinoic acid increases glucokinase activity and messenger RNA (mRNA) levels in the insulinoma cell line RIN-m5F; however, we could not rule out the possibility that the effect of retinoic acid on RIN-m5F glucokinase was inherent to the cell ...
de Ridder M C - - 1999
Retinoic acid syndrome is a serious condition that may complicate the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukaemia patients. This syndrome may be treated effectively with high-dose corticosteroid therapy and, as a result, many patients with acute promyelocytic leukaemia receive dexamethasone at some point during treatment. We investigated whether dexamethasone would also ...
Ang H L - - 1999
Control of retinoic acid synthesis in vertebrate organisms is undoubtedly important for regulating the numerous retinoid signaling events which occur during development. The mechanisms which accomplish this task involve enzymes such as class I aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH1), which has recently been found to be conserved from amphibians to mammals and ...
Ihara H - - 1999
Because retinyl palmitate was reported to be more stable to oxidation than retinol, we wondered if retinyl palmitate was also more resistant to photolysis as compared to free alcohol. We investigated the resistance of ethanolic solutions of retinol, retinyl palmitate, or both to air oxidation and (or) photolysis using fluorescent ...
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