Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1765
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Ikemi N - - 2001
We have reported that the critical period for cleft palate formation by all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) is on gestation day 14 in rats, and classified abnormal patterns of palatal rugae into minor variations and anomalous patterns. In this study, we examined the dose-response relationship for cleft palate and an anomalous pattern ...
Zouboulis C C - - 2001
The review summarizes new results concerned with several important issues in the treatment of patients with acne. The first section reviews studies which show that 13-cis retinoic acid, a molecule with strong biological activity but low binding affinity for retinoid receptors and cellular-binding proteins in sebocytes, undergoes rapid intracellular conversion ...
Lin M - - 2000
This report describes the isolation of a heretofore uncharacterized aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) with retinal dehydrogenase activity from rat kidney and the cloning and expression of a cDNA that encodes its human ortholog, the previously unknown ALDH12. The human ALDH12 cDNA predicts a 487-residue protein with the 23 invariant amino acids, ...
Lovat P E - - 2000
Retinoic acid therapy improves the survival of children with neuroblastoma and 13-cis retinoic acid now forms an important component of treatment for residual disease of stage IV neuroblastoma after chemotherapy. However, although 13-cis retinoic acid induces differentiation, other retinoids are effective at inducing apoptosis of neuroblastoma in vitro, including the ...
Marill J - - 2000
Cytochrome P450 (P450)-dependent metabolism of all-trans-retinoic acid (atRA) is important for the expression of its biological activity. Because the human P450s involved in the formation of the principal atRA metabolites have been only partially identified, the purpose of this study was to identify the human P450s involved in atRA metabolism. ...
Chen W C - - 2000
9-cis-Retinoic acid (9cRA), a geometric isomer of all-trans-retinoic acid (atRA), is an endogenous high-affinity ligand for retinoid X receptors and retinoic acid receptors activating them with high potency. 9,13-di-cis-Retinoic acid (9,13dcRA) has been described as a major plasma metabolite of 9cRA. In this study, the biological activity and the metabolism ...
Moriya N - - 2000
In the present study, isolated presumptive ectoderm from Xenopus blastula was treated with activin and retinoic acid to induce differentiation into pancreas. The presumptive ectoderm region of the blastula consists of undifferentiated cells and is fated to become epidermis and neural tissue in normal development. When the region is isolated ...
Parlesak A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence has been presented for an increased risk of development of colon cancer after chronic alcohol abuse. Alcohol is degraded by cytosolic alcohol dehydrogenases that also are capable of retinol oxidation. Inhibition of retinol oxidation to retinoic acid has been shown to occur in parallel with profound impairment ...
Tiamkao S - - 2000
Pseudotumor cerebri is a condition characterized by increased intracranial pressure with normal cerebrospinal fluid composition. It is usually associated with many medical conditions and drugs. It has been reported that all-trans-retinoic acid can induce pseudotumor cerebri. The authors report a 35-year-old patient diagnosed with acute promyelocytic leukemia who developed pseudotumor ...
Lim L C - - 2000
30 adult patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) were seen at our institution overthe past 7 years. Their white cell count at presentation ranged from 400/microl to 54,900/microl. Cytogenetic studies were successful in 28 patients, of which 26(93%) were positive for t(15;17). Molecular analysis by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction demonstrated ...
Blind P J - - 2000
Pharmacological treatment of malignant disease is often insufficient highlighting the need for more efficient treatment based on new principles. We have observed that the amino acid analogue diaminobutyric acid (DAB), accumulates in malignant cells apparently without saturation kinetics, leading to hyperosmosis and subsequently to cell lysis. In the first in ...
Limpach A - - 2000
Hyperhomocysteinemia is frequently associated with congenital defects of the heart and neural tube and is a suspected pathogenic factor in atherosclerosis and neoplasia. Results in the present report show homocysteine treatment disrupts normal development of avian embryos; and this effect is prevented by retinoic acid. Based on this, we hypothesize ...
Veness-Meehan K A - - 2000
Impaired septal formation and decreased alveolarization are often caused by hyperoxic injury to the developing lung and are characteristic features of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Dexamethasone, frequently administered to infants during oxygen exposure, also inhibits septal formation in the newborn lung. Vitamin A administration reduces the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in vitamin ...
Parrado A - - 2000
The retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARalpha) plays a central role in the biology of the myeloid cellular compartment. Chromosomal translocations involving the RARalpha locus probably represent the malignant initiating events in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Recent studies that identify novel interactions between RARalpha and the nuclear receptor co-activators and co-repressors, ...
Niwa T - - 2000
Tobiko is produced as a by-product in the manufacture of konnyaku and comes to about 45% of dried konnyaku-imo. For a possible use of this powder, we studied its components. Serotonin, trans-N-(p-coumaroyl) serotonin, and a new compound, cis-N-(p-coumaroyl)serotonin, were characterized from this powder.
Higaki S - - 2000
We examined the relationship between Propionibacterium acnes biotypes and Jumi-haidoku-to (JHT). In all the P. acnes strains tested, the production of propionic acid (PA) and butyric acid (BA) was suppressed in a medium containing 1 mg/ml JHT compared with the control medium without JHT. There were no significant differences in ...
Emmanouil-Nikoloussi E N - - 2000
Exogenous retinoic acid has been found to be teratogenic in animals and man. Craniofacial defects induced by retinoic acid have stimulated considerable research interest. The present report deals with scanning electron microscopical observations of the craniofacial region concurrent with histological examination of craniofacial dysmorphism induced in rat embryos following maternal ...
Mori N - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Abnormal dermatoglyphs on human volar skin have been reported in many syndromes, but little is known about the pathogenesis. Patterns of pads on rodent limb volar skin are homologous to human dermatoglyphs. METHODS: In previous studies, we showed that transplacental exposure to teratogens induced abnormal pads in mouse fetuses. ...
Ng J H - - 2000
Oestrogen is important in the development of breast cancer. Oestrogen receptor positive breast cancers are associated with a better prognosis than oestrogen-receptor negative breast cancers since they are more responsive to hormonal treatment. Oestrone sulphate acts as a huge reservoir for oestrogens in the breast. It is converted to the ...
Ohta K - - 2000
Several pyridine- and pyrimidine-carboxylic acids were synthesized as ligand candidates for retinoid nuclear receptors, retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and retinoic X receptors (RXRs). Although the pyridine derivatives, 6-[(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)carbamoyl]pyri dine-3-carboxylic acid (2b) and 6-[(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)carboxamido]py ridine-3-carboxylic acid (5b) are more potent than the corresponding benzoic acid-type retinoids, Am80 (2a) and Am580 (5a), ...
Millikan L E - - 2000
Extensive modification of the retinoic acid molecular skeleton has resulted in the development of adapalene, a more stable, less irritating compound with receptor selectivity. Adapalene selectively targets nuclear retinoic acid receptors found primarily in the epidermis. Pharmacologic and preclinical studies have demonstrated excellent follicular penetration, comedolytic activity, and anti-inflammatory activity. ...
Spannaus-Martin D J - - 2000
Calcineurin was shown previously to be inhibited by members of the tyrphostin family of tyrosine kinase inhibitors, with the most effective inhibition suggested to be caused by the presence of a conjugated side chain (Martin BL, Biochem Pharmacol 56: 483-488, 1998). Retinoids are a family of naturally occurring biomolecules having ...
Fisher G J - - 2000
The aged appearance of skin following repeated exposure to solar ultraviolet (UV) irradiation stems largely from damage to cutaneous connective tissue, which is composed primarily of type I and type III collagens. We report here that a single exposure to UV irradiation causes significant loss of procollagen synthesis in human ...
Chen H - - 2000
Cytochrome P4503A7 (CYP3A7) is the primary CYP isoform expressed in human fetal hepatic microsomes, and its potential role in human embryotoxicity has attracted considerable investigative attention. In this study, we investigated the 4-hydroxylation of highly embryotoxic and teratogenic retinoic acids (RA) as catalyzed by human fetal liver microsomes (HFLM) and ...
McSorley L C - - 2000
The role of specific human cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoforms in the oxidative metabolism of all-trans-retinoic acid was investigated by studies in human liver microsomes using isoform-specific chemical inhibitors and inhibitory antibodies. Studies using individual isoforms expressed in lymphoblastoid cells and correlation analysis using different microsome preparations were also performed. With ...
Gatti R - - 2000
Liquid chromatographic (HPLC) methods with fluorescence detection at different wavelengths were developed for measurements of retinoic acids (13-cis and all-trans) in pharmaceutical dosage forms and components of 'retinoid solution' (all-trans retinoic acid, vitamin A palmitate and beta-carotene), a galenical of 'Di Bella therapy', using reversed phase columns under isocratic conditions. ...
Higaki S - - 2000
We examined the possible correlation between biotypes of Propionibacterium acnes, lipase activity, and rash degree in acne patients. Among 5 P. acnes biotypes, P. acnes biotype 3 (B3) was the most common, followed by P. acnes biotypes 1, 2 and 4; P. acnes biotype 5 was not found. P. acnes ...
Ramanathan K - - 2000
The stability of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) in aqueous and organic solvents is applied to develop a simple thermometric procedure to detect the binding of retinoic acid-HRP conjugate to retinol binding protein (RBP). Butanone peroxide (BP) in organic phase and hydrogen peroxide in aqueous phase is detected thermometrically on a HRP ...
Witt O - - 2000
Fourteen butyrate derivatives and retinoic acid were tested with respect to the hemoglobin F-inducing activity using the K562 erythroleukemia cell line as a model system. Four novel butyrate derivatives with hemoglobin F-inducing activity have been identified. Combined treatment with the butyrate derivative tributyrin and retinoic acid in vitro led to ...
Lin H S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: All-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA, vitamin A acid or tretinoin) is effective in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL). Unfortunately, the oral absorption of ATRA is highly variable. Its poor aqueous solubility also makes it difficult to be formulated into parenteral formulation. To date, there is no parenteral formulation of ...
Denisenko-Nehrbass N I - - 2000
The song system of songbirds, a set of brain nuclei necessary for song learning and production, has distinctive morphological and functional properties. Utilizing differential display, we searched for molecular components involved in song system regulation. We identified a cDNA (zRalDH) that encodes a class 1 aldehyde dehydrogenase. zRalDH was highly ...
Tsukada M - - 2000
Despite its potent biologic effect on human sebocytes, 13-cis retinoic acid exhibits low binding affinity for cellular retinoic acid binding proteins and nuclear retinoid receptors. Hence, 13-cis retinoic acid may represent a pro-drug possibly acting through all-trans isomerization. In this study, marked isomerization of 13-cis retinoic acid has been confirmed ...
Mollard R - - 2000
Morphological analysis of vitamin A-deficient rat fetuses and of retinoic acid receptor (RAR and RXR) mutant mice have demonstrated that retinoic acid (RA) is essential for lung development. To gainfurther insight into RA signaling pathways during primary lung budformation and lung branching, we have investigated the effects of RA and ...
Nowak C - - 2000
In rodents, the vaginal epithelium undergoes cyclical changes with an alternating pattern of keratinization and mucification. It has been known for decades that vitamin A and its active form retinoic acid are responsible for normal epithelial homeostasis. However, it has not so far been certain which enzymes catalyze the first ...
McGowan S - - 2000
In mammals, including rats and mice, the development of pulmonary alveolar septa is primarily limited to late gestation and the early periods of postnatal life. Before this time, the rat lung contains a relatively large supply of endogenous retinyl ester that, together with its metabolite retinoic acid, has been shown ...
Yoshimura H - - 2000
In the course of our studies on retinoic acid receptor (RAR) agonists, we have designed and synthesized a series of benzofuran and benzothiophene derivatives. Some of these compounds (1a,b,e,f,j) markedly inhibited LPS-induced B-lymphocyte proliferation and exerted RARalpha selectivity. One of them, 4-[5-(4,7-dimethylbenzofuran-2-yl)pyrrol-2-yl]benzoic acid (1b), when orally administered significantly inhibited mouse ...
Nudelman A - - 2000
Acyloxylalkyl esters of retinoic acid and small carboxylic acids (C3-5) were evaluated for anticancer activity. The derivative of butyric acid (BA) and all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA)-retinoyloxymethyl butyrate (RN1)-acting as a mutual prodrug was a more potent inducer of cancer cell differentiation and inhibitor of proliferation than the parent acids. ED50 of ...
Paik J - - 2000
Retinoids function through conformational alterations of ligand-dependent nuclear transcription factors, the retinoic acid receptors, and retinoid X receptors. 9-cis-Retinoic acid is a known biological ligand for retinoid X receptors, but its synthesis pathway in vivo is largely unknown. Recently, we identified a cis-retinol dehydrogenase (cRDH) that oxidizes 9-cis-retinol to 9-cis-retinal. ...
Alirezai M - - 2000
Although effective medications are available for the treatment of acne, tolerance problems may preclude adequate treatment regimens such as topical retinoic acid, and reduce patient compliance. The present study was conducted to evaluate whether a medical water (Avène) in conjunction with retinoic acid may improve local tolerance in acne. A ...
Hansen L A - - 2000
Retinoids are essential for the maintenance of epithelial differentiation. As such, they play a fundamental role in chemoprevention of epithelial carcinogenesis and in differentiation therapy. Physiological retinoic acid is obtained through two oxidation steps from dietary retinol, i.e. retinol-->retinal-->retinoic acid. The latter retinal-->retinoic acid step is irreversible and eventually marks ...
Willet K E - - 2000
Retinoic acid exposure has been shown to promote surfactant production in foetal rats and to promote alveolization in neonatal rats. It was hypothesized that antenatal retinoic acid treatment would promote alveolization and accelerate functional maturation in the lungs of late gestation preterm sheep. Foetuses received a single i.m. injection of ...
Lester W A - - 2000
We report two cases of acute myeloid leukaemia FAB classification M4Eo with high white cell counts at presentation, who developed acute respiratory failure with pulmonary infiltrates on chest radiograph soon after commencing conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy plus all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). We suggest that in patients with M4Eo ATRA should be ...
Carter C A - - 2000
We have shown that moderately differentiated endometrial adenocarcinoma (RL95-2) cells differentiate in response to retinoic acid treatment, illustrated by their reorganization of actin filaments and cell enlargement (Carter et al., Anticancer Res. 16, 17-24, 1996). Tyrphostin, an inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R)-associated protein tyrosine kinases, caused a dramatic ...
Stewart S - - 2000
Syndactyly, a failure of the digits to separate into individual units, affects about 8 to 9 per 1000 newborns and results from an aberration of the normal development of the interdigital tissues. Limb digit separation is the result of programmed cell death (apoptosis). Lysosomes play a role in the process ...
Janssen J J - - 2000
The effect of retinoic acid on the differentiation of a human retinal pigment epithelium-derived cell line ARPE-19 was studied. Differentiation of ARPE-19 cells is delayed by retinoic acid. The minimum all-trans-retinoic acid concentration needed for delay of ARPE-19 differentiation is 1 microM. A delay of differentiation was also observed using ...
Handler A - - 2000
Some neuroblastoma cell lines change their neurotransmitter phenotype from noradrenergic to cholinergic under retinoic acid treatment. Such "neurotransmitter switch" seems to be a consequence of changes in the expression and activity of the biosynthetic machinery for both neurotransmitters. In this study, we have characterized this "neurotransmitter switch" induced by retinoic ...
Halliday G M - - 2000
Studies into the effects of topical retinoic acid on photocarcinogenesis have yielded ambiguous findings. This may be due to different Experimental protocols and ultraviolet spectra. Retinoic acid is commonly used for a range of dermatologic conditions, and therefore it is important to resolve whether it affects skin tumor formation. To ...
Ahmad M - - 2000
Significant differences between the metabolism of retinoic acid by different tissues might be an important determinant of the effectiveness of a systemically administered inhibitor at a particular tissue site. Here the metabolism of retinoic acid has been studied in microsomal fractions from different tissues (liver, kidney, intestinal mucosa, lung, skin, ...
Krätke R - - 2000
Retinoids are involved in several physiological processes and are used in the treatment of various skin disorders. Therapy with retinoids during pregnancy may induce severe embryotoxic effects like craniofacial and cardiovascular malformations in the developing embryo. We investigated the effects of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and all-trans-retinoyl-beta-D-glucuronide (ATRAG) in an amphibian ...
Simon J D - - 2000
Photoaging and skin cancer can result from the exposure of skin to ultraviolet A (UV-A, 320-400 nm) radiation. The detailed chemical mechanisms by which these processes occur are not known, but they must begin with the absorption of a UV-A photon by one or more photoreceptor(s) within the skin. The ...
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