Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2110
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Carpentier Y A - - 2007
The present study aims mainly at exploring the effects of a severe depletion in polyunsaturated long-chain omega3 fatty acids upon the fate of circulating lipids. The plasma concentration and fatty acid pattern of triglycerides, diglycerides, free fatty acids, and phospholipids were measured in omega3-depleted and control rats injected intravenously one ...
Carballeira Néstor M NM Department of Chemistry, University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus, PO Box 23346, San Juan, 00931-3346 Puerto Rico. - - 2007
The cyclopropane fatty acids 17-methyl-trans-4,5-methyleneoctadecanoic acid, 18-methyl-trans-4,5-methylenenonadecanoic acid, and 17-methyl-trans-4,5-methylenenonadecanoic acid were characterized for the first time in nature in the phospholipids (mainly PE, PG and PS) of the hermit-crab sponge Pseudospongosorites suberitoides. Pyrrolidine derivatization was the key in identifying the position of the cyclopropyl and methyl groups in the ...
Grillo Luciano A M - - 2007
The utilization of dietary lipids was studied in adult females of Rhodnius prolixus with the use of radiolabeled triacylglycerol (TAG). It was shown that (3)H-triolein, when added to blood meal, was hydrolyzed to free fatty acids in the posterior midgut lumen. Subsequently, free fatty acids were absorbed by posterior midgut ...
Perona Javier S - - 2007
We aimed to define changes in membrane fatty acids and signaling proteins induced by virgin olive oil (VOO) consumption in elderly persons with type 2 diabetes (n = 16) compared to a control group (n = 28). The fatty acid composition was determined by gas chromatography and G-protein subunits and ...
Durieu I - - 2007
The present authors investigated whether cystic fibrosis is linked to a defect in fatty acids and assessed the impact of the main patients' characteristics on the levels of several fatty acids, mostly during respiratory exacerbation and after antibiotic therapy. Fatty acid phospholipid and cholesteryl ester levels were measured in stable-state ...
Almendingen Kari - - 2007
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) provides a model of APC inactivation as an early genetic event for the approximately 85% of colorectal cancers that develop from polyps. Abnormal fatty acid composition of tissues and serum phospholipids has been linked to cancer risk. Our aim was to describe the composition of fatty ...
Ward Weslyn C - - 2007
The phospholipids present in uveal (iris/ciliary body and choroid) and retinal bovine ocular melanosomes were identified using mass spectrometry. Similar phospholipid content is found for the two types of uveal melanosome, with sphingomyelin being the major species. Significant differences are found between the uveal and retinal melanosome. Glycerophosphoethanolamine (GPEtn) is ...
De Castro Javier - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To analyse and compare the phospholipid and fatty acid composition of total lipids and the occurrence of lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation directly in erythrocytes or platelets from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma patients. PATIENTS: Fifteen consecutive outpatients with COPD (all smokers) and asthma (non-smokers) recruited during ...
Coleman Rosalind A RA Department of Nutrition and Pediatrics, University of North Carolina, CB#7461, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2007
Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (GPAT) initiates the synthesis of triacylglycerol and phospholipids and, in the process, regulates the formation of several lipid metabolites known to be intracellular signaling molecules. The recent identification of a new GPAT isoform (Cao et al., 2006) suggests a role for GPAT isoforms in nutrient-mediated signaling.
Dannenberger Dirk - - 2007
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of diet on the distribution of phospholipid classes and fatty acid profiles of individual phospholipid classes in longissimus muscle of beef. An experiment was established to examine the effect of pasture-based versus concentrate diet offered to two different breeds (German ...
Bacot Sandrine - - 2007
Hydroxy-alkenals, such as 4-hydroxy-2(E)-nonenal (4-HNE; from n-6 fatty acids), are degradation products of fatty acid hydroperoxides, including those generated by free radical attack of membrane polyunsaturated fatty acyl moieties. The cytotoxic effects of hydroxy-alkenals are well known and are mainly attributable to their interaction with different molecules to form covalent ...
Dolegowska Barbara - - 2007
Lipid metabolism disorders are found in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). Changes in the content of fatty acids of the phospholipid fraction of erythrocyte membranes can lead to changes in the rheological properties. The objective of our study was to assess the effect of hemodialysis on the composition of ...
Tomita Yumiko - - 2007
It has been reported that diabetes and Sjögren's syndrome patients exhibit variations in the amount of salivation and in the lipid components in saliva and salivary glands. We examined whether lipid compositions, especially phospholipid ones in the salivary glands of rats varied with aging. We analyzed phospholipid and fatty acid ...
Yang Kui K Division of Bioorganic Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of - - 2007
Ether phospholipids are abundant membrane constituents present in electrically active tissues (e.g., heart and the brain) that play important roles in cellular function. Alterations of ether phospholipid molecular species contents are associated with a number of genetic disorders and human diseases. Herein, the power of shotgun lipidomics, in combination with ...
Zhu Shuhua - - 2006
Peach (Prunus persica (L.) Batsch., cv. Feicheng) fruits were fumigated with 0, 5, 10, and 15 microL/L nitric oxide (NO), and the effects of NO on rot index, ion leakage, and the lipid compositions in peach fruits were studied. The results showed that the treatment with 10 microL/L NO significantly ...
Carpentier Yvon A - - 2006
The bolus intravenous injection of a novel medium-chain triglyceride:fish oil emulsion was recently reported to provoke a rapid and sustained increase in the cell phospholipid content of long-chain polyunsaturated omega3 fatty acids in both rats and human subjects. This report deals mainly with a comparison between this and other emulsions, ...
Tsalouhidou S - - 2006
The fatty acid composition of phospholipids is an important determinant of membrane function. Although the mitochondria play a pivotal role in skeletal muscle function, the fatty acid composition of their individual phospholipids has not been examined. The purpose of this study was to determine the fatty acid profile of each ...
Ocloo, Augustine; Medical Research ...
Mouse UCP1, human UCP2 and UCP3 were expressed in yeast (<i>Saccharomyces cerevisiae</i>). Total phospholipids were extracted and their fatty acyl composition was analysed. Expression of hUCP2 and hUCP3 significantly altered the mitochondrial phospholipid fatty acyl composition. Palmitoleoyl groups (16:1(n-7)) decreased while oleoyl groups (18:1(n-9)) increased, leading to a significant increase ...
Szabó A - - 2006
The growth-associated development of the m. pectoralis superficialis (MPS) phospholipid (PL) and triacylglycerol (TAG) fatty acyl (FA) chain composition was determined in BUT8 meat-type turkeys. Samples (3 d, 8, 12, 16 and 20 wk) of each 6 males were analysed by lipid fractionation and subsequent gas chromatography. Results were interpreted ...
Héliès-Toussaint Cécile - - 2006
Although lipids are largely involved in cardiovascular physiopathology, the lipid metabolism in endothelial cells remains largely unknown. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were used to investigate the metabolism of complex lipids. The membrane phospholipid homeostasis results from both de novo synthesis and remodelling that ensures the fine tuning of ...
Alnajjar A - - 2006
Dietary lipid manipulation may affect a great number of immune parameters, such as lymphocyte proliferation, cytokine synthesis. In this study, lymphocytes of diabetic type 2 were incubated with different polyunsaturated fatty acid (docosahexaenoic, eicosapentaenoic, arachidonic acid) for investigated their effect on lymphoproliferation response, the concentration of interleukin 2 produced in ...
Kraffe Edouard - - 2006
The distribution of cis-4,7,10,trans-13-docosatetraenoic (c4,7,10,t13-22:4), a peculiar FA previously isolated in the glycerophospholipids of some pectinid bivalves, was investigated in glycerophospholipid classes and subclasses of separated organs (gills, mantle, gonads, and muscle) of the queen scallop Aequipecten opercularis and the king scallop Pecten maximus. Plasmalogen (Pls) and diacyl + alkyl ...
Falomir-Lockhart Lisandro J - - 2006
Fatty acid transfer from intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (IFABP) to phospholipid membranes occurs during protein-membrane collisions. Electrostatic interactions involving the alpha-helical "portal" region of the protein have been shown to be of great importance. In the present study, the role of specific lysine residues in the alpha-helical region of IFABP ...
Kostopanagiotou G - - 2006
Nitrogen at high pressures and anesthetics increase lipid monolayer surface pressure and in turn modulates monolayer associated lipolytic enzyme activity that could alter membrane lipids. We tested the hypothesis that nitrogen at pressures of 5 and 10 megapascals (MPa) and pentobarbital induce alterations in synaptosomal membrane phospholipid and free fatty ...
Maté Sabina M - - 2006
Lipids are not only components of cell nucleus membranes, but are also found in the membrane-depleted nuclei where they fulfill special functions. We have investigated the lipid composition of membrane-depleted rat liver nuclei obtained by incubation with low Triton X-100 concentrations of 0.04% and 0.08%, which rendered them unaltered or ...
Rejraji Hanae - - 2006
We have isolated vesicular structures from mouse epididymal fluid, referred to as epididymosomes. Epididymosomes have a roughly spherical aspect and a bilayer membrane, and they are heterogeneous in size and content. They originate from the epididymal epithelium, notably from the caput region, and are emitted in the epididymal lumen by ...
Rogerson Madeleine L - - 2006
The kinetics of addition of fatty acids (as alkaline solutions of the fatty acid anions) to pre-existing unilamellar phospholipid vesicles (mean diameter 100 nm) has been studied. The phospholipid DMPC (1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) has been mainly used, together with three fatty acids, oleic acid (cis-9-octadecenoic acid), linoleic acid (cis,cis-9,12-octadecadienoic acid) and capric ...
Laitinen K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The major theory implicating diet with allergic diseases is associated with altered food consumption and subsequent changes in fatty acid composition. OBJECTIVE: To investigate fatty acid compositions among infants with atopic and non-atopic eczema and healthy infants and to evaluate the expediency of non-invasive cheek cell phospholipid fatty acid ...
Burdette Alexander J - - 2006
The whole-cell phospholipid composition of the six known polymorphic species of Tetrahymena has been examined by [(3)H]acetate and [(3)H]myristic acid radiolabeling, and by gas-liquid chromatography of total phospholipid-bound fatty acids. Five of the polymorphic species contained similar phospholipid profiles following radiolabeling in that phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) was the predominant phospholipid; however, ...
Zhang Xinbo - - 2006
Fatty acid synthase (FAS) regulates the production of fatty acids and plays a role in regulating apoptosis. Hoechst 33342-induced apoptosis in BC3H-1 myocytes was used as a model to explore intracellular changes in FAS protein (Western blot) and FAS mRNA (RT-PCR). Total lipid and individual phospholipid synthesis was inhibited by ...
Lee Ho-Joo - - 2006
The heart is rich in cardiolipin, a phospholipid acylated in four sites, predominately with linoleic acid. Whether or not aging alters the composition of cardiolipin acyl chains is controversial. We therefore measured the fatty acid concentration of cardiolipin in hearts of 4, 12 and 24 month old rats that consumed ...
Fuhrman Barbara J - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In a cross-sectional study, we investigated the relationship between erythrocyte membrane phospholipid fatty acid composition and dietary fat; we also investigated roles of menopausal status, age, body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) in interindividual variation of the biomarker. METHODS: Study participants were 204 women, aged 39-65 years, ...
White David C - - 2005
Dehalococcoides species have a highly restricted lifestyle and are only known to derive energy from reductive dehalogenation reactions. The lipid fraction of two Dehalococcoides isolates, strains BAV1 and FL2, and a tetrachloroethene-to-ethene-dechlorinating Dehalococcoides-containing consortium were analyzed for neutral lipids and phospholipid fatty acids. Unusual phospholipid modifications, including the replacement of ...
Hite R Duncan - - 2005
Secretory A(2) phospholipases (sPLA(2)) hydrolyze surfactant phospholipids cause surfactant dysfunction and are elevated in lung inflammation. Phospholipase-mediated surfactant hydrolysis may disrupt surfactant function by generation of lysophospholipids and free fatty acids and/or depletion of native phospholipids. In this study, we quantitatively assessed multiple mechanisms of sPLA(2)-mediated surfactant dysfunction using non-enzymatic ...
Laasonen M - - 2006
Reading skill is suggested to be related to phonological processing ability and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Here we investigated whether fatty acids (FAs) are related to phonological processing, whether the relations between PUFAs and reading generalize to other FAs, whether these relations are mediated by phonological processing, and whether relations ...
Piperi Christina - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The anti-atherosclerotic effects of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in postmenopausal women are partly mediated by improvement of the lipid and lipoprotein profiles. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of HRT on the main fatty acids of serum and phospholipids in postmenopausal women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum samples ...
Maskrey Ben H - - 2005
The nature and quantity of the principal lipoxygenase (LO) products generated by the intertidal barnacle Balanus perforatus were examined at monthly intervals and their potential involvement in reproductive events was investigated. The main mono-hydroxy products generated were found to be formed through the action of an 8-lipoxygenase (8-LO) activity and ...
Castor Trevor P - - 2005
Phospholipid nanosomes are small, uniform liposomes manufactured utilizing supercritical fluid technologies. Supercritical fluids are first used to solvate phospholipid raw materials, and then decompressed to form phospholipid nanosomes that can encapsulate hydrophilic molecules such as proteins and nucleic acids. Hydrophobic therapeutics are co-solvated with phospholipid raw materials in supercritical fluids ...
Kummerow Fred A - - 2006
Our objective is to determine if vascular remodeling in CABG patients is related to oxysterols, therefore, we compared failed vein grafts from 18 patients, available after a second coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), with human endothelial cells (ECs). The ECs were cultured in minimum essential medium (MEM) with or without ...
Schlame Michael - - 2005
Cardiolipin is a unique mitochondrial phospholipid with an atypical fatty acid profile, but the significance of its acyl specificity has not been understood. We explored the enormous combinatorial diversity among cardiolipin species, which results from the presence of four fatty acids in each molecule, by integrated use of high-performance liquid ...
Deshimaru Ryota - - 2005
In the present study, the fatty acid composition of bone marrow aspirates and serum phospholipids in nine patients with hematologic diseases was investigated, and the effect of fatty acids on osteoblast differentiation in ST2 cells was examined. The concentrations of oleic acid and palmitic acid were significantly higher in bone ...
Nielsen Lindsey E - - 2005
We exploited the unique ecological niche of oil fly larval guts to isolate a strain of Staphylococcus haemolyticus which may be the most solvent-tolerant gram-positive bacterium yet described. This organism is able to tolerate 100% toluene, benzene, and p-xylene on plate overlays and saturating levels of these solvents in monophasic ...
Molee W - - 2005
This experiment was carried out to examine the influence of overfeeding ducks with corn on the lipid composition of hepatocyte plasma membrane. Seventy-day-old male Mule ducks (Cairina moschata x Anas platyrhynchos) were overfed with corn for 12.5 days in order to induce fatty livers. The cholesterol and phospholipid contents were ...
Furuuchi Ryo - - 2005
We compared three different kinds of lipid vesicles made of saturated fatty acids, unsaturated fatty acids, and phospholipids for their evolutionary capabilities in a simulated hydrothermal environment. Encapsulation of the glycine monomers enhanced the oligomerization of peptides in all cases. Fatty acid vesicles remained stable at higher temperatures and efficiently ...
Tappia Paramjit S - - 2005
Although the myocardial phospholipid and fatty acid content have profound effects on the heart function, very little information is available on the effects of restricted maternal protein intake during pregnancy on the phospholipid profile and fatty acid content of the developing heart. The present study was therefore undertaken to examine ...
Tarachiwin Lucksanaporn - - 2005
The treatment of deproteinized natural rubber (DPNR) latex with phospholipases A(2), B, C, and D decreased significantly the long-chain fatty acid ester contents in DPNR and also the molecular weight and Higgins' k' constant, except for phospholipase D treatment. This indicates the presence of phospholipid molecules in NR, which combine ...
Rakotomanga M - - 2005
Miltefosine (hexadecylphosphocholine [HePC]) is the first orally active drug approved for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis. In order to investigate the biochemical modifications occurring in HePC-resistant (HePC-R) Leishmania donovani promastigotes, taking into account the lipid nature of HePC, we investigated their fatty acid and sterol metabolisms. We found that the ...
Xu Yang - - 2005
Barth syndrome (BTHS) is a multisystem disorder of individuals who carry mutations in tafazzin, a putative phospholipid acyltransferase. We investigated the hypothesis that BTHS is caused by specific impairment of the mitochondrial lipid metabolism. The fatty acid composition of all major mitochondrial phospholipids, phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), and cardiolipin (CL), ...
Manevich Yefim - - 2005
Peroxiredoxin 6 (Prdx6), a bifunctional 25-kDa protein with both GSH peroxidase and phospholipase A2 activities, is the only mammalian 1-Cys member of the peroxiredoxin superfamily and is expressed in all major organs, with a particularly high level in lung. Prdx6 uses GSH as an electron donor to reduce H2O2 and ...
Natarajan Saravanan - - 2005
The present study evaluates the effect of dietary trans fatty acids on diaphragm phospholipid fatty acid composition, intramyocellular triacylglycerol content and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in comparison with dietary saturated fatty acids. Male weanling WNIN rats were divided into three groups and fed for 3 months on one of the following ...
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