Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2103
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Chalova Vesela I - - 2009
In animal diets optimal amino acid quantities and balance among amino acids is of great nutritional importance. Essential amino acid deficiencies have negative impacts on animal physiology, most often expressed in sub-optimal body weight gains. Over supplementation of diets with amino acids is costly and can increase the nitrogen emissions ...
Renaville B - - 2010
Composition of follicular fluid to which the preovulatory follicle is exposed may be one of the major factors determining subsequent fertility, as fatty acids are a precursor of hormones involved in dominance, ovulation and atresia mechanisms. The objective of this paper is to observe fatty acid profiles in various lipid ...
Zhou Qing - - 2008
The hypothesis that white-spot syndrome virus (WSSV) generates its envelope in the nucleoplasm is based on electron microscopy observations; however, as yet there is no direct evidence for this. In the present study, the lipids of WSSV and the nuclei of its host, the crayfish Procambarus clarkii, were extracted and ...
Ells Ruan - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: During Candida albicans infection, arachidonic acid (AA) is released from phospholipids of infected host cell membranes and used by C. albicans as the sole carbon source and for production of eicosanoids. AA can be incorporated into the phospholipids of yeasts, influencing the saturation level and fluidity of yeast cell ...
Lobasso Simona - - 2009
The dye 10-N-nonyl acridine orange (NAO) is used to label cardiolipin domains in mitochondria and bacteria. The present work represents the first study on the binding of NAO with archaebacterial lipid membranes. By combining absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy with fluorescence microscopy studies, we investigated the interaction of the dye with ...
Nguyen Nhu-An T - - 2008
Bdellovibrio are small motile bacteria that attack and parasitize larger Gram-negative bacteria and since they might have practical applications, these organisms are attracting the attention of researchers as indicated by the sequencing of the B. bacteriovorus genome. There is an earlier report showing that B. bacteriovorus scavenges fatty acids from ...
Rigoni Michela - - 2008
Snake presynaptic neurotoxins with phospholipase A(2) activity are potent inducers of paralysis through inhibition of the neuromuscular junction. These neurotoxins were recently shown to induce exocytosis of synaptic vesicles following the production of lysophospholipids and fatty acids and a sustained influx of Ca(2+) from the medium. Here, we show that ...
Carpentier Y A - - 2008
The bolus intravenous administration of a novel medium-chain triglyceride: fish oil emulsion (MCT:FO) to normal subjects was recently found to increase within 60 min the amount of long-chain polyunsaturated omega3 fatty acids ( omega3) in platelet and leukocyte phospholipids and, hence, was proposed as a tool to prevent such pathological ...
Simoens Christian M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Lipolysis of a fish oil (FO) emulsion is much slower than that of a soybean [long-chain triacylglycerol (LCT)] emulsion; in contrast, emulsions containing medium-chain triacylglycerol (MCT) are efficiently hydrolyzed by lipoprotein lipase. OBJECTIVES: We questioned whether incorporating 10% FO in a mixed MCT-LCT emulsion would affect plasma triacylglycerol clearance ...
Naru Eiji - - 2008
Plasma membranes are essential components of living cells, and phospholipids are major components of cellular membranes. Here, we used liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry to investigate changes in the membrane phospholipid content that occur in association with aging. Our results indicate that the levels of a particular species of phosphatidylcholine comprised of ...
Oh-oka Kyoko - - 2008
Yeast Atg8 and its mammalian homolog LC3 are ubiquitin-like proteins involved in autophagy, a primary pathway for degradation of cytosolic constituents in vacuoles/lysosomes. Whereas the lipid phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) was identified as the sole in vivo target of their conjugation reactions, in vitro studies showed that the same system can mediate ...
Peterson Brianna - - 2008
Specific phospholipids and fatty acids altered during oxidant-induced neuronal cell injury were determined using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and ion trapping. The oxidants hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2), 0-1000 microM) and tert-butylhydroperoxide (TBHP, 0-400 microM) induced time- and concentration-dependent increases in reactive oxygen species in primary cultures of mouse neocortical cells ...
Mastronicolis S K - - 2008
We present here the structural identification of four phospholipid (Phl) classes in Listeria monocytogenes, the fatty acid (FA) composition for each individual Phl species, and a description of cold-induced FA changes. Cardiolipin (48.5%) and phosphatidylglycerol (18.1%) are dominated by anteiso-FA, and the previously recognized branched FA chain shortening by cold ...
Palusinska-Szysz Marta - - 2008
The composition of phospholipids from the cellular envelope of Legionella lytica grown on artificial medium was determined by two-dimensional thin-layer chromatography. Phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidyl-N-monomethylethanolamine were the predominant phospholipids, while diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, and phosphatidyl-N,N-dimethylethanolamine were present at low concentrations. A trace amount of lipids carrying glycosyl residues was also observed. ...
Tavilani Heidar - - 2008
Sperm cell membranes are susceptible to peroxidative damage through an excess of reactive oxygen species. The objective of this study was to determine seminal plasma glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and relate these to phospholipid profiles and phospholipid-esterified fatty acid composition of spermatozoa. Seminal plasma GPX and ...
Nyalala John O - - 2008
The effect of atorvastatin, simvastatin and gemfibrozil on fatty acid composition of plasma phospholipids (PL), cholesterol esters (CE), triglycerides (TG) and red cell membrane ghosts (G) has been determined in appropriate sample populations of individuals with hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) or hypercholesterolemia (HCHL). Treatments were appropriate for the condition, gemfibrozil for HTG ...
Schujman Gustavo E - - 2008
Bacterial cells stringently regulate the synthesis of their membrane phospholipids but the responsible mechanisms are incompletely understood. Recent biochemical, genetic and structural analyses have greatly expanded the knowledge of lipid metabolism in Gram-positive bacteria, revealing that these organisms use novel mechanisms to regulate this essential pathway. A remarkable progress was ...
Carpentier Yvon A - - 2008
The bolus intravenous injection of a novel medium-chain triglyceride:fish oil emulsion to normal subjects was recently reported to enrich within 60 min the phospholipid content of leucocytes and platelets in long-chain polyunsaturated omega3 fatty acids. The present study, conducted in second generation omega3-depleted rats, aims at investigating whether such a ...
Carpentier Yvon A - - 2008
The bolus intravenous injection of a novel medium-chain triglyceride:fish oil emulsion to normal subjects was recently reported to enrich within 60 min the phospholipid content of leucocytes and platelets in long-chain polyunsaturated omega3 fatty acids. The present study, conducted in second generation omega3-depleted rats, aimed at investigating whether such a ...
Qi Shufan - - 2008
Humic acid causes diseases including lung emphysema and fibrosis. Emerging evidence indicates that oxidative stress is involved in humic acid-induced effects. In the present study, we investigated generation of hydroxyl radicals from humic acid, as well as the effects of humic acid to lung epithelial cells and artificial alveolar lining ...
Yamamoto Kohji - - 2008
Acidic phospholipids have been shown to promote dissociation of bound nucleotides from Mycobacterium tuberculosis DnaA (DnaA(TB)) purified under denaturing conditions [Yamamoto et al., (2002) Modulation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis DnaA protein-adenine-nucleotide interactions by acidic phospholipids. Biochem. J., 363, 305-311]. In the present study, we show that a majority of DnaA(TB) in ...
Ishii K - - 2008
Oseltamivir, an antiviral drug used for the treatment of influenza, contains the L-glutamic acid motif in its chemical structure. We focused on this structural characteristic of oseltamivir and examined the pharmacologic effects of the drug on the nervous system in invertebrate and vertebrate animal models. Injection of oseltamivir or L-glutamic ...
Guler Jennifer L - - 2008
Trypanosoma brucei use microsomal elongases for de novo synthesis of most of its fatty acids. In addition, this parasite utilizes an essential mitochondrial type II synthase for production of octanoate (a lipoic acid precursor) as well as longer fatty acids such as palmitate. Evidence from other organisms suggests that mitochondrially ...
Zhao Sumin - - 2008
Tight junctions of epithelial cells determine epithelial membrane integrity and play an important role in selective paracellular permeability to ions and macromolecules. In this work, we investigated the effect of one of n-3 series polyunsaturated fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on the phospholipid composition of membrane microdomains of tight junctions. ...
Regente Mariana - - 2008
Phospholipids are well known messengers involved in developmental and stress responses mediating intracellular signalling. It has been hypothesized that phospholipids exist which could participate in intercellular communication events through the apoplast of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seeds. Here it is shown that extracellular washing fluids (EWFs) obtained from seeds imbibed for ...
Burdge G C - - 2008
The aim of the study was to investigate whether the protein and folic acid content of the maternal diet and the sex of the offspring alter the polyunsaturated fatty acid content of hepatic phospholipids and triacylglycerol (TAG). Pregnant rats were fed diets containing 18% or 9% protein with either 1 ...
Kompauer Iris - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The dietary intake of certain fatty acids might have an impact on inflammatory processes in the lung and therefore contribute to the development of lung diseases like asthma or COPD. METHODS: In this study data from a population based cross-sectional study on respiratory health including measurement of fatty acids ...
Pineau Ludovic - - 2008
When heme biosynthesis is disrupted, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae becomes unable to synthesize its major sterol, ergosterol, and desaturate fatty acids. We took advantage of this physiological peculiarity to evaluate the consequences of ergosterol and/or unsaturated fatty acid (UFA) depletions on the biogenesis of a model polytopic plasma membrane protein, ...
Michitsch Julia - - 2008
Injection of 0.1 pmol of the octapeptide Peram-AKH II (pGlu-Leu-Thr-Phe-Thr-Pro-Asn-TrpNH(2)) elicits a significant hypertrehalosemic response in the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana; a maximal effect is obtained with 1pmol. The latter amount also lowers the level of neutral lipid (NL) and phospholipid (PL) in the hemolymph. The evidence supports the idea ...
Matias Isabel - - 2008
The tissue concentrations of the endocannabinoids, 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) and N-arachidonoyl-ethanolamine (anandamide), are altered in the adipose tissue of mice fed a high fat diet. We have investigated here the effect on endocannabinoid levels of incubation of mouse 3T3-F442A adipocytes with several free polyunstaurated fatty acids (PUFAs), including linolenic acid (LA), ...
Haggerty C - - 2008
The 'membrane pacemaker' hypothesis provides a putative mechanistic linkage between variations in energy metabolism, rates of ageing and lifespan across different species. Within species we have found positive associations between longevity and metabolism, which contrast the inter-specific trends. It is of interest to know therefore how levels of lipid desaturation ...
Yoshida Hiromi - - 2007
The fatty acid distribution of triacylglycerols (TAG) and major phospholipids (PL) obtained from four varieties of peas (Pisum sativum) was investigated. The total lipids extracted from the peas were separated by thin layer chromatography into seven fractions. The major lipid components were PL (52.2-61.3%) and TAG (31.2-40.3%), while hydrocarbons, steryl ...
Nomura Tadashi - - 2007
Hypertrophic scars (HS) are a consequence of abnormal wound healing. We examined fatty acids that are contained within, and participate in, every reaction through the membrane; then, we analyzed the percentage composition of the fatty acids in deepithelialized normal dermis (ND) and HS. In vivo HS samples were obtained from ...
Kato Kotaro - - 2008
Cattle manure composts were consecutively manufactured. Compost that reached maturity first was used as a bulking and inoculating agent for subsequent compost production. The microbial community was measured through phospholipid fatty acid analysis. Changes in the content of fatty acid methyl esters derived from phospholipids were similar in all the ...
Andreu Vanesa - - 2007
omega3 fatty acid desaturases are the enzymes responsible for the synthesis of trienoic fatty acids in plants. These enzymes have been mainly investigated using molecular, biochemical, and genetic approaches but very little is known about their subcellular distribution in plant cells. In this work, the precise subcellular localization of the ...
Mitchell Todd W - - 2007
This study examined questions concerning differences in the acyl composition of membrane phospholipids that have been linked to the faster rates of metabolic processes in endotherms versus ectotherms. In liver, kidney, heart and brain of the ectothermic reptile, Trachydosaurus rugosus, and the endothermic mammal, Rattus norvegicus, previous findings of fewer ...
Bahrndorff S - - 2007
The springtail Megaphorura arctica (Onychiuridae: Collembola) inhabits the arctic and sub-arctic parts of the northern hemisphere where it on a seasonal basis will be exposed to severe cold and desiccating conditions. In the present study we compared how traits of stress resistance differed between two populations of M. arctica that ...
Aston John E - - 2007
The haloalkaliphile Halomonas campisalis, isolated near Soap Lake, Washington, was grown under both aerobic and denitrifying conditions from 0 to 260 g L(-1) NaCl, with optimal growth occurring at 20 and 30 g L(-1) NaCl, respectively. Halomonas campisalis was observed to produce high concentrations of compatible solutes, most notably ectoine ...
Tavilani Heidar - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Lipids play an important role in the structural and functional activity of spermatozoa. We investigated the phospholipids composition and fatty acid-bound phospholipid of spermatozoa from asthenozoospermic and normozoospermic men. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Semen samples were analyzed in 15 asthenozoospermic and eight normozoospermic subjects and the sperm phospholipids and fatty ...
Hac-Wydro Katarzyna - - 2007
The aim of this work was to verify the influence of the saturated (SFA) (stearic acid) and the unsaturated (UFA) (oleic and alpha-linolenic) fatty acids on model cholesterol/phospholipid membranes. The experiments were based on the Langmuir monolayer technique. Cholesterol and phospholipid were mixed in the molar ratio that corresponds to ...
Paoletti Luciana - - 2007
plsX (acyl-acyl carrier protein [ACP]:phosphate acyltransferase), plsY (yneS) (acyl-phosphate:glycerol-phosphate acyltransferase), and plsC (yhdO) (acyl-ACP:1-acylglycerol-phosphate acyltransferase) function in phosphatidic acid formation, the precursor to membrane phospholipids. The physiological functions of these genes was inferred from their in vitro biochemical activities, and this study investigated their roles in gram-positive phospholipid metabolism through ...
Rábai G - - 2007
Thrombolysis is conventionally regarded as dissolution of the fibrin matrix of thrombi by plasmin, but the structure of clots in vivo includes additional constituents (proteins, phospholipids) that modulate their solubilization. We examined the presence of free fatty acids in thrombi and their effects on distinct stages of fibrinolysis (plasminogen activation, ...
Fang Jiasong - - 2007
Several fullerene-based nanomaterials generate reactive oxygen species that can damage cells. In this study, we investigated the effect of buckminsterfullerene (C60) introduced as colloidal aggregates in water (nC60) on bacterial membrane lipid composition and phase behavior. Pseudomonas putida (Gram-negative) and Bacillus subtilis (Gram-positive) responded to nC60 by altering membrane lipid ...
Carpentier Y A - - 2007
The present study aims mainly at exploring the effects of a severe depletion in polyunsaturated long-chain omega3 fatty acids upon the fate of circulating lipids. The plasma concentration and fatty acid pattern of triglycerides, diglycerides, free fatty acids, and phospholipids were measured in omega3-depleted and control rats injected intravenously one ...
Carballeira Néstor M NM Department of Chemistry, University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus, PO Box 23346, San Juan, 00931-3346 Puerto Rico. - - 2007
The cyclopropane fatty acids 17-methyl-trans-4,5-methyleneoctadecanoic acid, 18-methyl-trans-4,5-methylenenonadecanoic acid, and 17-methyl-trans-4,5-methylenenonadecanoic acid were characterized for the first time in nature in the phospholipids (mainly PE, PG and PS) of the hermit-crab sponge Pseudospongosorites suberitoides. Pyrrolidine derivatization was the key in identifying the position of the cyclopropyl and methyl groups in the ...
Grillo Luciano A M - - 2007
The utilization of dietary lipids was studied in adult females of Rhodnius prolixus with the use of radiolabeled triacylglycerol (TAG). It was shown that (3)H-triolein, when added to blood meal, was hydrolyzed to free fatty acids in the posterior midgut lumen. Subsequently, free fatty acids were absorbed by posterior midgut ...
Perona Javier S - - 2007
We aimed to define changes in membrane fatty acids and signaling proteins induced by virgin olive oil (VOO) consumption in elderly persons with type 2 diabetes (n = 16) compared to a control group (n = 28). The fatty acid composition was determined by gas chromatography and G-protein subunits and ...
Durieu I - - 2007
The present authors investigated whether cystic fibrosis is linked to a defect in fatty acids and assessed the impact of the main patients' characteristics on the levels of several fatty acids, mostly during respiratory exacerbation and after antibiotic therapy. Fatty acid phospholipid and cholesteryl ester levels were measured in stable-state ...
Almendingen Kari - - 2007
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) provides a model of APC inactivation as an early genetic event for the approximately 85% of colorectal cancers that develop from polyps. Abnormal fatty acid composition of tissues and serum phospholipids has been linked to cancer risk. Our aim was to describe the composition of fatty ...
Ward Weslyn C - - 2007
The phospholipids present in uveal (iris/ciliary body and choroid) and retinal bovine ocular melanosomes were identified using mass spectrometry. Similar phospholipid content is found for the two types of uveal melanosome, with sphingomyelin being the major species. Significant differences are found between the uveal and retinal melanosome. Glycerophosphoethanolamine (GPEtn) is ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >