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Felippe C R - - 1997
The effect of oat bran- (OBD) and wheat bran-enriched diets (WBD) on fatty acid composition of neutral lipids and phospholipids of rat lymphocytes and macrophages was investigated. In neutral lipids of lymphocytes, OBD reduced the proportion of palmitoleic acid (48%), whereas WBD reduced by 43% palmitoleic acid and raised oleic ...
Stevens T L - - 1997
Giardia lamblia trophozoites are unable to carry out de novo lipid synthesis. It is therefore likely that lipids are acquired from the small intestine of the host, in which the trophozoites are exposed to free and conjugated fatty acids, various sterols, phospholipids, bile acids, and bile-lipid mixed micelles. Here we ...
Salomaa V V - - 1997
It has been suggested that the fatty acid composition of serum phospholipids is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We examined the association of the fatty acid composition of serum phospholipids with fibrinogen, factor VII antigen (FVII:Ag), factor VII coagulant activity (FVII:C), plasminogen, and lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] in 338 men ...
Gutberlet T - - 1997
Lipoteichoic acid, diglucosyldiacylglycerol, and phosphatidylglycerol isolated from Staphylococcus aureus were embedded in dipalmitoylglycerophosphoglycerol vesicles, and their thermotropic influence on this matrix was studied by differential scanning calorimetry. The natural fatty acids of phosphatidylglycerol effected peak broadening and a decrease in molar heat capacity. These effects were more pronounced with the ...
Carballeira N M - - 1997
The phospholipid fatty acid composition of Eunicea succinea was investigated, and the novel (5Z,9Z)-14-methyl-5,9-pentadecadienoic acid was identified. Structural characterization was accomplished by means of mass spectrometry of its pyrrolidide derivative, NMR, FT1R, and total synthesis. Other interesting phospholipid fatty acids in E. succinea were the tetracosapolyenoic acids 6,9,12,15,18,21-tetracosahexaenoic acid (24:6) ...
Jans S W - - 1997
This study explored whether annexin V, a protein with established phospholipase A2 inhibiting properties, plays a role in the degradation of membrane phospholipids of adult cardiac myocytes during metabolic inhibition (20 mM 2-deoxyglucose and 1 mM iodoacetic acid). Experiments were carried out on isolated cardiac myocytes prelabeled with [14C]-arachidonic acid, ...
Kelso K A - - 1997
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of supplementing the diet of the male chicken with alpha-linolenic acid (18:3n-3) on the phospholipid fatty acid composition, motility and fertilizing ability of chicken spermatozoa. The birds in the control group received a diet supplemented with soybean oil rich in ...
Hellmann B - - 1997
Determination of different indicators of microbial biomass, community structure, and bioactivity by the fumigation extraction method, as well as determination of phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) and their subfractions and the measurement of trace gases, respectively, provides valuable information about microbial succession in composting processes. The emission rates of carbon dioxide ...
Robberecht E - - 1997
The fatty acid compositions of serum phospholipids and cholesterol esters and direct bilirubinemia were determined in 11 children with cholestasis due to extrahepatic biliary atresia. The levels of the different fatty acids in these lipid classes were compared with those of 22 appropriate controls and correlations with conjugated bilirubinemia were ...
Fleschner C R - - 1997
PURPOSE: To quantitatively examine and compare the neutral lipid composition of sedimenting and non-sedimenting ocular lens plasma membrane fractions isolated from the cortex and nucleus. METHODS: Homogenates of bovine lens cortical and nuclear regions were subjected to centrifugation to sediment the water insoluble fractions, which were used as the sedimenting ...
Duan Y J - - 1997
We previously reported that treatment of human erythrocytes with bee venom phospholipase A2 increased the rate of lactate production from glucose. This increase was suggested to be mediated through liberation of free fatty acids from membrane phospholipids. So, in the present study we examined the mechanism of stimulation of glycolysis ...
Blackard W G - - 1997
The fatty acid composition of the membrane phospholipids phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine in insulin-sensitive Type I (soleus) and insulin-resistant Type II (EDL) muscle is not known. In the present studies, soleus and EDL muscles were removed from 250-300 g Sprague-Dawley rats, and the fatty acid composition of total and individual ...
Mikulecky M - - 1997
The aim of the present investigation was to extend a previous study, showing a correlation of the variations of hemolymph carbohydrates with synodic lunar-like cycle and its circaseptan harmonics to worker honeybee hemolymph lipids. Hemolymph lipid concentrations of emerging worker imagos were analyzed in terms of one ideal synodic lunar ...
Moore D J - - 1997
Acyl chain perdeuterated dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC-d54) and dimyristoyphosphatidylserine (DMPS-d54) were incorporated into human erythrocytes. Light microscopy demonstrated that erythrocytes incubated with an equimolar mixture of DMPC-d54/DMPS or DMPC/DMPS-d54 remained mostly discocytic whereas cells incubated with either DMPC-d54 or DMPS-d54 alone became echinocytic or stomatocytic, respectively. Cells in which the aminophospholipid translocating ...
McLeod L L - - 1997
Among the changes that accompany the development of ischemia are alterations in the composition and turnover of membrane phospholipids. To study these effects, a cell culture model was developed to facilitate accurate measurements of lipids over varying intervals of ischemia and reperfusion (I/R). In order to mimic ischemia, rabbit aortic ...
Sajbidor J - - 1997
Lipids are known as a part of an effective adaptation mechanism reflecting the changes in the extracellular environment. The fluidity of biological membranes is influenced by the lipid structure and the portion of saturated, unsaturated, branched, or cyclic fatty acids in individual phospholipids. For all living organisms undergoing environmental adaptation, ...
D'Antuono C L - - 1997
The fatty acid content of rat renal phospholipids was examined during development. An increase in the arachidonic acid content of a particular fraction of phosphatidylcholine (PC2), phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol between 10 and 20 days of age could be observed in the papilla, and these levels were maintained into adulthood, while ...
Bamberg T - - 1997
The fatty acid profiles of plasma phospholipids have been compared in 53 elderly subjects suffering from malnutrition (group U, 17 subjects) or from atherosclerosis (group A, 15 subjects). A control group was also included in the study (group C, 21 subjects). Main differences were observed in phosphatidylcholine (PC). In group ...
Ruiz-Gutierrez V - - 1997
In this study we examined the effect of distal small bowel resection (DSBR) on the phospholipid composition of rat cecal mucosa. Three groups of animals were used: sham-operated, and 50% and 75% DSBR. The fatty acid composition of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylinositol (PI), lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) and sphingomyelin (SM) was ...
Wiggins D - - 1996
When rat hepatocytes were cultured for 24 h in the absence of exogenous fatty acid, the amount of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) triacylglycerol (TAG) secreted (114 +/- 14 micrograms/mg of cell protein) could not be accounted for by the mass of TAG lost from the cells (29 +/- 6.1 micrograms/mg of ...
Martin D D - - 1996
To compare the fatty acid composition of tumor tissue from glioma patients with that of normal brain tissue, tissue samples were obtained from 13 glioma patients and from 3 nonmalignant patients. Following lipid extraction, total fatty acid composition was measured using gas-liquid chromatography. samples were further separated into phospholipids and ...
Bao Y - - 1996
Two enzymatic mechanisms have been proposed for the metabolism of hydroperoxy-phospholipids: i) the combined action of phospholipase A2 and glutathione peroxidase, and/or ii) direct enzymatic reduction. The latter reaction may be catalyzed by selenium-dependent phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase and/or by glutathione S-transferase alpha. To study the pathway of this reaction, ...
Tanaka T - - 1996
The effects of growth temperature on the fatty acid compositions of the phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), and total lipid (TL) fractions of the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans were investigated. A reduction in growth temperature from 25 to 15 degrees C caused the proportions of eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3) to increase from ...
Murakami Y - - 1996
The lipid composition of some commercial bakers' yeasts having different freeze-sensitivity in frozen dough was investigated to clarify the correlation between their lipid composition and freeze-tolerance. The total lipid content including neutral lipid, free fatty acid, sterol, and phospholipid ranged between 23.0 to 32.2 mg/100 mg protein of the yeasts ...
Malewicz B - - 1996
We show that phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy can be used to distinguish and to quantify the alk-1-enylacyl, alkylacyl, and diacyl glycerophosphoethanolamine (GPE) subclasses, and the respective glycerophosphocholine (GPC) subclasses, in their native form without prior degradation or derivatization, provided the phospholipids are observed in the nonaggregated state. Monomeric phospholipid ...
Ruíz-Gutiérrez V - - 1996
PURPOSE: The effects of embryonic development on lipid composition in the retina were studied in 7, 11, 15, and 18-day-old chick embryos and newly hatched chicks. METHODS: The proportions of phospholipids, free and esterified cholesterol, diacylglycerides, and free fatty acids were determined using the Iatroscan TLC/FID procedure. Gas chromatography and ...
Yokomizo Y - - 1996
We investigated the effects of 10 phospholipids on the in vitro percutaneous penetration of prednisolone (PR) through the dorsal skin of guinea pigs. A marked enhancing effect of PR penetration was observed in the presence of phospholipids that have unsaturated acyl chains. A maximum of 68-fold enhancement was observed compared ...
Montenez J P - - 1996
In a comparison paper, we show the azithromycin causes a lysosomal phospholipidosis in cultured cells, binds in vitro to negatively charged bilayers without causing aggregation or fusion, and inhibits lysosomal phospholipase A1. In this paper, we show that azithromycin decreases the mobility of the phospholipids in negatively charged liposomes (using ...
Retterstøl K - - 1996
Elevated levels of 22:5(-6), which is the elongated and desaturated product of arachidonic acid, is induced by selective n-3 fatty acid deficiency, especially in brain cortex. Less elongation and desaturation of 20:4(-6) than of 20:5(-3) has been found in intact rat liver cells in previous studies and is probably the ...
Wong J T - - 1996
In this study, the effects of lidocaine and hypoxia on the biosynthesis of phospholipids in the hamster heart were examined. Hamster hearts were perfused with [1,3-3H]glycerol under normal and hypoxic conditions, and in the absence or presence of 0.5 mg/mL lidocaine. After perfusion, the radioactivity incorporated into the various phospholipid ...
Benyagoub M - - 1996
Antifungal fatty acids produced by the biocontrol fungus Sporothrix flocculosa were studied on the basis of their effect on growth and cellular lipid composition of three fungi, Cladosporium cucumerinum, Fusarium oxysporum, and S. flocculosa, whose growth was decreased by 51, 33, and 5%, respectively, when exposed to 0.4 mg fatty ...
Maldjian A - - 1996
The effects of differences in the fatty acid composition of the lipids of egg yolk on the subsequent levels of arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) in the total phospholipids and in the isolated phospholipid classes of the embryonic brain were investigated by a comparison of two domesticated avain ...
Harrison K A - - 1996
The reaction of ozone with double bonds present in glycerophosphocholine lipids results in formation of ozonides that can be directly analyzed by mass spectrometry as either positive or negative molecular ion species generated by electrospray ionization. Polyunsaturated fatty acyl groups esterified to the phospholipid yielded a mixture of ozonide species ...
Reinboth J J - - 1996
Docosahexaenoic acid is the major polyunsaturated fatty acid in photoreceptor membrane phospholipids and is thought to be necessary for photoreceptor function. Docosahexaenoic acid may be metabolized to docosanoids or, by retroconversion, to eicosapentaenoic acid followed by lipoxygenation and synthesis of n-3 metabolites. In this study we investigated the time- and ...
Simon J A - - 1996
To examine the relation of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption to serum fatty acid levels, the authors conducted a cross-sectional study of 190 men who were enrolled in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial between 1973 and 1976. After controlling for dietary fat, cholesterol, energy intake, and other potential confounders, ...
Zavodnik I B - - 1996
To evaluate the mechanism(s) of erythrocyte stabilization in hypotonic medium by free fatty acids, we have studied the effect of palmitic acid and its derivatives on human erythrocyte membrane electrochemical properties, osmotic stability and fluidity. Palmitic acid increased the membrane potential to the highest extent as compared with its derivatives. ...
Villar J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether Na(+)-Li+ countertransport (SLC) activity is linked to erythrocyte membrane lipid content. DESIGN: An observational case-control study. The maximal efflux rate of SLC, plasma cholesterol, triglycerides, phospholipids, low- and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and the erythrocyte membrane cholesterol, phospholipids and fatty acids contents were determined both in ...
Nilsson A - - 1996
Spontaneous and tardive dyskinesias were studied in a random population sample of 446 men, aged 59 years. Dyskinesia, defined as an AIMS score of at least 2 in any body part, was seen in 15.1% (n = 74). Dyskinetic men had a higher cigarette consumption, and they had higher frequencies ...
Fuhrmann H - - 1996
Dietary fatty acids modify phospholipid fatty acids in brain and liver of growing chickens post-hatching. The effect of vitamin E deficiency on this process is unknown and may be relevant to the pathogenesis of chick nutritional encephalomalacia (NE). Therefore laying hens received a diet low in vitamin E (10 mg ...
Bruce J S - - 1996
Unlike other saturated fatty acids, dietary stearic acid does not appear to raise plasma cholesterol. The reason for this remains to be established, although it appears that it must be related to inherent differences in the metabolism of the fatty acid. In the present study, we have looked at the ...
VanRollins M - - 1996
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are synthesized by cytochrome P-450 monooxygenases and released into the blood. When taken up by vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells, the EETs are primarily esterified to phospholipids or converted to dihydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (DHETs) and released. In the present studies, radiolabeled 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-DHETs released into ...
Thompson J L - - 1996
The size of Escherichia coli and Salmonella enteritidis PT4 cells was measured using both transmission electron micrographs and image analysis. Incubation in the presence of formic and propionic acids resulted in larger cells, possibly as a result of DNA inhibition, with no apparent damage to the cell membranes. Bacteria incubated ...
Daniels C B - - 1996
The lungs of all air-breathing vertebrates contain a form of pulmonary surfactant that lines the alveolar air-water interface where it modifies the interfacial surface tension. These pulmonary surfactants all consist of varying amounts of phospholipids (saturated and unsaturated) and cholesterol. The extent of variation between vertebrate groups and between species ...
Seres I - - 1996
Hypercholesterolemia has been proposed to influence cell functions via changes in membrane composition. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the membrane phospholipid composition of human lymphocytes is modified in hypercholesterolemia and whether these changes are accompanied by functional modifications. The phospholipid fatty acid contents and intracellular ...
Baggio B - - 1996
Anomalies in the erythrocyte transport of anions and cations have been described in idiopathic calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis and seem to play a pathogenetic role in this disease. In consideration of the hypothesis that the complex array of ion flux cell abnormalities is an epiphenomenon of an anomaly in the composition ...
Guo Z - - 1996
Large numbers of viable organisms can be isolated from the corticosteroid-immunosuppressed rat model of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. With the development of purification protocols that provide organism preparations of high purity, meaningful lipid biochemical analyses of this important opportunistic pathogen can now be conducted. The phospholipid class composition of the pathogen ...
Bassi A - - 1996
At present, no information is available about the possibility that acute loss of metabolic control might be able to modify fatty acid composition in IDDM patients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether a short-term period of ketosis has any effect on the composition of fatty acid ...
Greiner J V - - 1996
The content of the meibomian gland lipid exprimate is known, but little is known about the phospholipids that comprise the glandular cells. The purpose of the present study is to identify and quantitate the phospholipid complement of the meibomian gland cells that produce the lipid secretion of meibomian oil and ...
Morishita S - - 1996
It is recognized that iodine-123-labelled 15-(p-iodophenyl)-3-(R,S)-methylpentadecanoic acid (123I-BMIPP) slowly washes out of the myocardium. The mechanism for the washout was investigated in normal rat hearts by analyses of the subcellular distribution and lipid classes based on the BMIPP metabolism. Rat hearts were excised at 1-120 min after intravenous injection of ...
Wu P - - 1996
Incorporation of thia fatty acids and their effects on the fatty acid composition in phospholipids has been investigated in 7800 C1 hepatoma cells and cultured hepatocytes. 3-Thia fatty acids of chain lengths from dodecyl-to hexadecyl-thioacetic acid were incorporated into phospholipids during a 3-day incubation. Longer and shorter 3-thia fatty acids ...
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