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Montenez J P - - 1996
In a comparison paper, we show the azithromycin causes a lysosomal phospholipidosis in cultured cells, binds in vitro to negatively charged bilayers without causing aggregation or fusion, and inhibits lysosomal phospholipase A1. In this paper, we show that azithromycin decreases the mobility of the phospholipids in negatively charged liposomes (using ...
Retterstøl K - - 1996
Elevated levels of 22:5(-6), which is the elongated and desaturated product of arachidonic acid, is induced by selective n-3 fatty acid deficiency, especially in brain cortex. Less elongation and desaturation of 20:4(-6) than of 20:5(-3) has been found in intact rat liver cells in previous studies and is probably the ...
Wong J T - - 1996
In this study, the effects of lidocaine and hypoxia on the biosynthesis of phospholipids in the hamster heart were examined. Hamster hearts were perfused with [1,3-3H]glycerol under normal and hypoxic conditions, and in the absence or presence of 0.5 mg/mL lidocaine. After perfusion, the radioactivity incorporated into the various phospholipid ...
Benyagoub M - - 1996
Antifungal fatty acids produced by the biocontrol fungus Sporothrix flocculosa were studied on the basis of their effect on growth and cellular lipid composition of three fungi, Cladosporium cucumerinum, Fusarium oxysporum, and S. flocculosa, whose growth was decreased by 51, 33, and 5%, respectively, when exposed to 0.4 mg fatty ...
Maldjian A - - 1996
The effects of differences in the fatty acid composition of the lipids of egg yolk on the subsequent levels of arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) in the total phospholipids and in the isolated phospholipid classes of the embryonic brain were investigated by a comparison of two domesticated avain ...
Harrison K A - - 1996
The reaction of ozone with double bonds present in glycerophosphocholine lipids results in formation of ozonides that can be directly analyzed by mass spectrometry as either positive or negative molecular ion species generated by electrospray ionization. Polyunsaturated fatty acyl groups esterified to the phospholipid yielded a mixture of ozonide species ...
Reinboth J J - - 1996
Docosahexaenoic acid is the major polyunsaturated fatty acid in photoreceptor membrane phospholipids and is thought to be necessary for photoreceptor function. Docosahexaenoic acid may be metabolized to docosanoids or, by retroconversion, to eicosapentaenoic acid followed by lipoxygenation and synthesis of n-3 metabolites. In this study we investigated the time- and ...
Simon J A - - 1996
To examine the relation of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption to serum fatty acid levels, the authors conducted a cross-sectional study of 190 men who were enrolled in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial between 1973 and 1976. After controlling for dietary fat, cholesterol, energy intake, and other potential confounders, ...
Zavodnik I B - - 1996
To evaluate the mechanism(s) of erythrocyte stabilization in hypotonic medium by free fatty acids, we have studied the effect of palmitic acid and its derivatives on human erythrocyte membrane electrochemical properties, osmotic stability and fluidity. Palmitic acid increased the membrane potential to the highest extent as compared with its derivatives. ...
Villar J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether Na(+)-Li+ countertransport (SLC) activity is linked to erythrocyte membrane lipid content. DESIGN: An observational case-control study. The maximal efflux rate of SLC, plasma cholesterol, triglycerides, phospholipids, low- and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and the erythrocyte membrane cholesterol, phospholipids and fatty acids contents were determined both in ...
Nilsson A - - 1996
Spontaneous and tardive dyskinesias were studied in a random population sample of 446 men, aged 59 years. Dyskinesia, defined as an AIMS score of at least 2 in any body part, was seen in 15.1% (n = 74). Dyskinetic men had a higher cigarette consumption, and they had higher frequencies ...
Fuhrmann H - - 1996
Dietary fatty acids modify phospholipid fatty acids in brain and liver of growing chickens post-hatching. The effect of vitamin E deficiency on this process is unknown and may be relevant to the pathogenesis of chick nutritional encephalomalacia (NE). Therefore laying hens received a diet low in vitamin E (10 mg ...
Bruce J S - - 1996
Unlike other saturated fatty acids, dietary stearic acid does not appear to raise plasma cholesterol. The reason for this remains to be established, although it appears that it must be related to inherent differences in the metabolism of the fatty acid. In the present study, we have looked at the ...
VanRollins M - - 1996
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are synthesized by cytochrome P-450 monooxygenases and released into the blood. When taken up by vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells, the EETs are primarily esterified to phospholipids or converted to dihydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (DHETs) and released. In the present studies, radiolabeled 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-DHETs released into ...
Thompson J L - - 1996
The size of Escherichia coli and Salmonella enteritidis PT4 cells was measured using both transmission electron micrographs and image analysis. Incubation in the presence of formic and propionic acids resulted in larger cells, possibly as a result of DNA inhibition, with no apparent damage to the cell membranes. Bacteria incubated ...
Daniels C B - - 1996
The lungs of all air-breathing vertebrates contain a form of pulmonary surfactant that lines the alveolar air-water interface where it modifies the interfacial surface tension. These pulmonary surfactants all consist of varying amounts of phospholipids (saturated and unsaturated) and cholesterol. The extent of variation between vertebrate groups and between species ...
Seres I - - 1996
Hypercholesterolemia has been proposed to influence cell functions via changes in membrane composition. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the membrane phospholipid composition of human lymphocytes is modified in hypercholesterolemia and whether these changes are accompanied by functional modifications. The phospholipid fatty acid contents and intracellular ...
Baggio B - - 1996
Anomalies in the erythrocyte transport of anions and cations have been described in idiopathic calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis and seem to play a pathogenetic role in this disease. In consideration of the hypothesis that the complex array of ion flux cell abnormalities is an epiphenomenon of an anomaly in the composition ...
Guo Z - - 1996
Large numbers of viable organisms can be isolated from the corticosteroid-immunosuppressed rat model of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. With the development of purification protocols that provide organism preparations of high purity, meaningful lipid biochemical analyses of this important opportunistic pathogen can now be conducted. The phospholipid class composition of the pathogen ...
Bassi A - - 1996
At present, no information is available about the possibility that acute loss of metabolic control might be able to modify fatty acid composition in IDDM patients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether a short-term period of ketosis has any effect on the composition of fatty acid ...
Greiner J V - - 1996
The content of the meibomian gland lipid exprimate is known, but little is known about the phospholipids that comprise the glandular cells. The purpose of the present study is to identify and quantitate the phospholipid complement of the meibomian gland cells that produce the lipid secretion of meibomian oil and ...
Morishita S - - 1996
It is recognized that iodine-123-labelled 15-(p-iodophenyl)-3-(R,S)-methylpentadecanoic acid (123I-BMIPP) slowly washes out of the myocardium. The mechanism for the washout was investigated in normal rat hearts by analyses of the subcellular distribution and lipid classes based on the BMIPP metabolism. Rat hearts were excised at 1-120 min after intravenous injection of ...
Wu P - - 1996
Incorporation of thia fatty acids and their effects on the fatty acid composition in phospholipids has been investigated in 7800 C1 hepatoma cells and cultured hepatocytes. 3-Thia fatty acids of chain lengths from dodecyl-to hexadecyl-thioacetic acid were incorporated into phospholipids during a 3-day incubation. Longer and shorter 3-thia fatty acids ...
Miwa H - - 1996
Eight major phospholipids were separated by a TLC method with a one-dimensional developing system without any pretreatment of the plate and the fatty acids incorporated into each phospholipid class were analysed by an improved HPLC method with a simple elution system, which has advantages with respect to resolution and analysis ...
Ayre K J - - 1996
Changes in dietary fatty acid composition alter phospholipid fatty acid composition in a variety of tissues, but little attention has been paid to skeletal muscle. In this study, rats were fed for 9 wk one of three isoenergetic diets: an essential fatty acid-deficient diet, a diet high in (n-6) fatty ...
van den Boom M A - - 1996
The influence of the polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) composition of the diet on the rate of fatty acid turnover of individual phospholipids in the erythrocyte membrane in vivo was studied. Following modification of the fatty acid composition of the membrane phospholipids by the use of a fish oil or a ...
Alexandre H - - 1996
Decanoic acid, a lipophilic agent, inhibited in vitro the plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae grown in YPD medium. Conversely, when decanoic acid (35 microM) was present in the growth medium, the measured H(+)-ATPase activity was four times higher than that of control cells. Km, and pH and orthovanadate sensitivity ...
Pennacchiotti G L - - 1996
Clofibrate administration significantly altered the amount and fatty acid composition of lipids in mouse liver. The net content of phospholipids (PL) increased and that of triacylglycerols (TG) decreased concomitantly with liver enlargement in mice treated for two weeks with this drug (0.5% w/w in the food). The highest increase among ...
Fujioka S - - 1996
Male rats of the Wistar strain were divided 4 groups, and give a liquid diet of control feed, bezafibrate (150 mg/kg), ethanol, and ethanol plus bezafibrate for 5 week. The effect of bezafibrate supplementation on rats fed ethanol was examined in terms of the fatty acid composition of the phospholipids ...
Laurenz J C - - 1996
The effect of ras transformation (rasB fibroblasts) on basal and serum-stimulated diacylglycerol (DAG) composition and mass was examined over time with respect to changes in membrane phospholipid composition and ceramide mass. RasB cells vs. nontransformed control cells (rasD and NR6) had chronically elevated DAG levels (up to 240 min) following ...
Dasgupta A - - 1996
We studied lipid profiles of hybrid cells derived from fusion of sympathetic ganglia and neuroblastoma cells (NCB 20, F 11) and also CHO (Chinese hamster ovary) cells. The proportion of saturated to unsaturated fatty acids changed significantly in different phospholipid fractions. We observed 35.4% of total fatty acids as saturated ...
Saha S K - - 1996
The mechanism that assures the balanced synthesis of zwitterionic (phosphatidylethanolamine) and acidic phospholipids (phosphatidylglycerol and cardiolipin) in Escherichia coli has been examined by genetically manipulating the two enzymes at the biosynthetic branch point, i.e., phosphatidylglycerophosphate synthase, encoded by pgsA, and phosphatidylserine synthase, encoded by pssA. A mutant in which the ...
Mao-Qiang M - - 1996
The extracellular bilayers which mediate the epidermal permeability barrier are enriched in ceramides, free fatty acids, and cholesterol. Yet, the epidermal lamellar body, the source of these lipids, is enriched in a more polar mixture; i.e., glucosylceramides and phospholipids, which it delivers to the stratum corneum (SC) interstices. Whereas the ...
Simonelli F - - 1996
The effect of lipid peroxidation on fatty acid composition in membrane phospholipids of transparent and cataractous lens nuclei was investigated. The preliminary results demonstrate a trend toward an increase in the content of palmitic acid with a decrease in the content of oleic acid, linolenic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in ...
Ponnappan U - - 1996
We have examined the fatty acid composition of phospholipids of unstimulated and PHA-stimulated T cells from young and old donors. Our results demonstrate that aging is accompanied by decreases in the saturated fatty acids, myristic acid, and palmitic acid, and a concomitant increase in the unsaturated arachidonic acid. Following activation ...
Wilson R - - 1996
A potential role for the intestine of seawater-adapted teleosts in acid&shy;base regulation was investigated following earlier reports of highly alkaline rectal fluids in the gulf toadfish Opsanus beta. Rectal samples taken from starved seawater-adapted rainbow trout had a high fluid pH (8.90&plusmn;0.03; mean &plusmn; s.e.m., N=13) and base (HCO3-+2CO32-) content ...
Gruiz K - - 1996
Saponins, as aescin or alfalfa saponins have fungistatic activity on Trichoderma viride G fungal strain. (Biacs and Gruiz, 1982) The principle of fungistatic activity is an interaction between saponin and membrane constituents, such as sterols, proteins and phospholipids. The interaction results in the destruction of the cell membrane and an ...
Pan D A - - 1995
The cellular basis of insulin resistance is still unknown; however, relationships have been demonstrated between insulin action in muscle and the fatty acid profile of the major membrane structural lipid (phospholipid). The present study aimed to further investigate the hypothesis that insulin action and adiposity are associated with changes in ...
Ghafoorunissa - - 1995
Substitution of palmolein (POL) for groundnut oil (GNO) doubles saturated fatty acids and decreases by half the linoleic acid (18:2n-6) content of Indian diets. The effects of this substitution on selected parameters of cardiovascular risk and membrane functions were studied in middle-aged subjects. Both metabolic (short-term) and "in-home" (long-term) studies ...
Medina I - - 1995
A comparative study of the phospholipids of white muscle of six of the commercially utilized tuna species, including quantitative analyses of phospholipid classes and studies of the acyl composition of the major components. Plasmalogen compounds also were identified and quantified. Choline and ethanolamine glycerophospholipids were the most abundant classes in ...
Daniels C B - - 1995
In mammals, the surface tension of the fluid lining the inner lung greatly contributes to the work of breathing. Surface tension is modified by the secretion of a mixture of surface active lipids and proteins (termed pulmonary surfactant). A disaturated phospholipid (DSP), predominantly dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), can eliminate surface tension under ...
Fodor E - - 1995
Phospholipids from livers of carps (Cyprinus carpio L.) adapted to winter (5 degrees C) and summer (25 degrees C) temperatures were isolated, and the fatty acid composition of total phospholipids, as well as molecular species composition of diacyl phosphatidylcholines and ethanolamines, were determined. Order parameter of 5-doxyl stearic acid and ...
Chen Q - - 1995
Growth of Pseudomonas oleovorans GPo1, which contains the OCT plasmid, on octane results in changes in the membrane phospholipid fatty acid composition. These changes were not found for GPo12, an OCT-plasmid-cured variant of GPo1, during growth in the presence or absence of octane, implying the involvement of OCT-plasmid-encoded functions. When ...
Stammers J - - 1995
The transfer of lipids across the placenta was measured after infusion of an emulsion of triacylglycerol and phospholipid (intralipid) into 10 anesthetized rabbits. Maternal and umbilical venous and arterial samples were collected at 10-min intervals. All samples were analyzed for concentration and fatty acid composition of FFA, triacylglycerol, and phospholipid ...
Alvarez J G - - 1995
Intact human sperm incorporated radiolabelled fatty acids into membrane phospholipids when incubated in medium containing bovine serum albumin as a fatty acid carrier. The polyunsaturated fatty acids were preferentially incorporated into the plasmalogen fraction of phospholipid. Uptake was linear with time over 2 hr; at this time sufficient label was ...
Couture P - - 1995
Phospholipids were extracted from tissues (heart, skeletal muscle, kidney cortex, liver and brain) of mammals representing a 9,000-fold range in body mass (mouse, rat, rabbit, sheep and cattle) and their fatty acid composition was determined. In heart, skeletal muscle and kidney cortex, there were significant allometric decreases in the Unsaturation ...
Ishii I - - 1995
The effect of phospholipids on cholesteryl ester hydrolysis by neutral cholesterol esterase in alveolar macrophages was studied. Among the phospholipids used as emulsifiers, those with a negative charge, such as phosphatidylserine, phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylinositol, and cardiolipin, gave a higher level of hydrolysis by neutral cholesterol esterase than other less negatively ...
Vázquez M - - 1995
1. The time-course and comparative effects of treatment with clofibrate (CFB), bezafibrate (BFB), and gemfibrozil (GFB) on the acyl composition of the main microsomal phospholipids, i.e. phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine, have been studied in male Sprague-Dawley rats. 2. The administration of the three fibrates caused a strong peroxisomal induction and a ...
Wolff R L - - 1995
When rats were fed elaidic (trans-9 18:1) acid at a high load in diets that were otherwise marginally or almost completely deficient in linoleic (cis-9,cis-12 18:2) acid, elaidic acid was desaturated to cis-5,trans-9 18:2 acid. This polymethylene-interrupted acid was then incorporated into most phospholipids from rat mitochondria, cardiolipin being an ...
Racagni G - - 1995
Fetal bovine serum (FBS) is a necessary constituent of the culture media employed to foster the growth of Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigote forms. In different laboratories, the serum is used at final concentrations of 5 or 10%. We have normally supplemented the complex medium with 10% FBS. Under this condition we ...
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