Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2106
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Di Marino L - - 2000
Recent studies suggest that insulin sensitivity is related to the fatty acid composition of phospholipids in skeletal muscle (SM) membranes. Since it is difficult to obtain muscle biopsies, it may be useful to have information on the fatty acid composition using more accessible cells such as erythrocytes. This would be ...
Kulagina T P - - 2000
The content of lipids in rat cortical tissue homogenate and fraction of neuronal nuclei was determined under normal conditions and after picrotoxin-induced seizures. Changes in lipid composition of homogenate and nuclear fraction differed considerably. In homogenate, the content of sphingomyelin, lysophosphatidylcholine, and total phospholipids increased, while the content of free ...
Comhaire F H - - 2000
We evaluated the effects of combined conventional treatment, oral antioxidants (N-acetyl-cysteine or vitamins A plus E) and essential fatty acids (FA) on sperm biology in an open prospective study including 27 infertile men. The evaluation included sperm characteristics, seminal reactive oxygen species (ROS), FA of sperm membrane phospholipids, sperm oxidized ...
Fang J - - 2000
Bacterial physiological responses to toluene exposure were investigated in five reference pseudomonad strains that express different toluene degradation pathways: Pseudomonas putida mt-2, Pseudomonas putida F1, Burkholderia cepacia G4, Burkholderia pickettii PKO1, and Pseudomonas mendocina KR1. The intact phospholipids of these archetypes, grown with and without toluene, were characterized using liquid ...
Brown G R - - 2000
Oceanomonas baumanniioff a novel halotolerant bacterium which was isolated from the estuary of the river Wear (Sunderland, UK). When grown in tryptone soya broth it can tolerate high levels of phenol, which is not utilised as a carbon source in this medium. However, the level of tolerance was reduced from ...
Fang J - - 2000
The intact phospholipid profiles (IPPs) of seven species of methanotrophs from all three physiological groups, type I, II and X, were determined using liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization/mass spectrometry. In these methanotrophs, two major classes of phospholipids were found, phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) as well as its derivatives phosphatidylmethylethanolamine (PME) and ...
Murphy E J - - 2000
The differential uptake and targeting of intravenously infused [1-14C]palmitic ([1-14C]16:0) and [1-14C]arachidonic ([1-14C]20:4n-6) acids into heart lipid pools were determined in awake adult male rats. The fatty acid tracers were infused (170 microCi/kg) through the femoral vein at a constant rate of 0.4 mL/min over 5 min. At 10 min ...
Rahman M M - - 2000
The phospholipids of Neisseria meningitidis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae were characterized by fast atom bombardment (FAB)-MS and GLC-MS. The major phospholipids were phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), followed by phosphatidylglycerol (PG), with minor amounts of phosphatidic acid (PA) and trace levels of cardiolipin (DPG). All of the phospholipid preparations were variable in their fatty ...
Flieger A - - 2000
Destruction of alveolar surfactant phospholipids by bacterial phospholipases is suggested to be a major virulence factor involved in bacterial pneumonia. Since Legionella pneumophila secretes phospholipase A, we analyzed phospholipid degradation in natural bovine surfactant by L. pneumophila. Phospholipids were reduced in amount after incubation with bacteria or culture supernatant of ...
Schneiter R - - 2000
Saccharomyces cerevisiae medium-chain acyl elongase (ELO1) mutants have previously been isolated in screens for fatty acid synthetase (FAS) mutants that fail to grow on myristic acid (C14:0)-supplemented media. Here we report that wild-type cells cultivated in myristoleic acid (C14:1Delta(9))-supplemented media synthesized a novel unsaturated fatty acid that was identified as ...
Meyer K C - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine whether chronic lung inflammation in young adult patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) alters the composition and function of surfactant and surfactant components in bronchoalveolar secretions. DESIGN: A prospective, descriptive study. SETTING: An adult CF center in a tertiary health-care center. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen normal volunteer (NV) subjects ...
Montecucco C - - 2000
Snake presynaptic neurotoxins with phospholipase A2 activity block nerve terminals in an unknown way. Here, we propose that they enter the lumen of synaptic vesicles following endocytosis and hydrolyse phospholipids of the inner leaflet of the membrane. The transmembrane pH gradient drives the translocation of fatty acids to the cytosolic ...
Murphy E J - - 2000
The effects sterol carrier protein-2 (SCP-2) expression on L-cell phospholipid levels and fatty acyl composition was assessed using L-cells transfected with the murine cDNA encoding for either the 15 kDa proSCP-2 or 13.2 kDa SCP-2. Expression of these proteins reduced total phospholipid mass (nmol/mg protein) by 24% and reduced the ...
Mrnka L - - 2000
Previous studies have shown that aldosterone treatment of amphibian epithelial cells results not only in stimulation of Na(+) absorption but also in changes in phospholipid composition which are necessary for the mineralocorticoid action of aldosterone. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of aldosterone on phospholipids of mammalian ...
Zeleniuch-Jacquotte A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We examined the reliability of the fatty acid composition of serum phospholipids in the New York University Women's Health Study, a prospective study of sex hormones, diet and breast cancer. DESIGN: Non-fasting serum samples collected at three yearly visits, in 46 healthy women, and stored at -80 degrees C ...
Rapp L M - - 2000
PURPOSE: In addition to acting as an optical filter, macular (carotenoid) pigment has been hypothesized to function as an antioxidant in the human retina by inhibiting the peroxidation of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. However, at its location of highest density in the inner (prereceptoral) layers of the foveal retina, a ...
Surai P F - - 2000
Recent studies on chicken semen have suggested that the lipid and fatty acid composition of spermatozoa may be important determinants of fertility. Phospholipid fatty acid composition, vitamin E content and in vitro susceptibility to lipid peroxidation of duck spermatozoa were investigated using GC-MS and HPLC based methods. The total phospholipid ...
Sinanoglou V J - - 2000
Polar lipids of the cephalopods Eledone moschata, Sepia officinalis and Todarodes sagittatus mantle, represent 50.5%, 66.1% and 74.2% of wet tissue respectively. On the other hand the polar lipids of these three species of cephalopods constitute of 80.8%, 94.8% and 93.7% of phospholipids, respectively. The main phospholipids identified were phosphatidylcholine ...
Sánchez E - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of different polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) upon the release of oleic and palmitic acid from the intracellular lipids, which were previously labeled with [3H]oleic or [3H]palmitic acid, respectively. Studies have been realized with Aroclor 1248 (a commercial PCB mixture with 48% ...
Moussa M - - 2000
The effects of dietary lipids on the fatty acid composition, activation and proliferation of lymphocytes were investigated. Weanling male Wistar rats were fed for 8 weeks on one of two low-fat diets which contained 50 g lipid/kg, or one of two high-fat diets containing 200 g lipid/kg, from either coconut ...
Foreman-Wykert A K - - 2000
Killing of gram-positive bacteria by mammalian group IIA phospholipases A2 (PLA2) requires the catalytic activity of the enzyme. However, nearly complete degradation of the phospholipids can occur with little effect on bacterial viability, suggesting that PLA2-treated bacteria can biosynthetically replace phospholipids that are lost due to PLA2 action. In the ...
Rojo-Martínez G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To study the contribution of a normal intake of nutrients to the variability of serum leptin concentrations in persons with type 1 diabetes mellitus. DESIGN: We studied the relation between serum leptin and nutrient intake in a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Serum leptin measured by radioimmunoassay, nutritional data determined by ...
Saha S K - - 2000
Thermogenesis, especially facultative thermogenesis by brown adipose tissue (BAT), is less important in high ambient temperature and the heat-acclimated animals show a lower metabolic rate. Adaptive changes in the metabolic activity of BAT are generally found to be associated with a modification of membrane phospholipid fatty acid composition. However, the ...
Atella G C - - 2000
[(14)C]Oleic acid injected into the hemocoel of Rhodnius prolixus females was shown to rapidly associate with lipophorin particles. Half of the lipophorin-associated [(14)C]oleic acid was transferred in about 5 min to different organs, but the midgut was the main organ to take it up on day 10 after a blood ...
Clore J N - - 2000
The fatty acid composition of skeletal muscle cell membrane phospholipids (PLs) is known to influence insulin responsiveness in man. We have recently shown that the fatty acid composition of phosphatidylcholine (PC), and not phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), from skeletal muscle membranes is of particular importance in this relationship. Efforts to alter the ...
Fukushima T - - 2000
The effects of temperature and host fatty acids on the fatty acid contents of Spirometra erinaceieuropaei plerocercoids were investigated to clarify their role in sparganosis. After 24 hr incubation at 18 C in host snake serum, omega6 series fatty acids, especially arachidonic acid in the phospholipid fraction of the plerocercoids, ...
Homayoun P - - 2000
Neurotrauma activates the release of membrane phospholipid-derived second messengers, such as free arachidonic acid (20:4n-6, AA) and diacylglycerols (DAGs). In the present study, we analyze the effect of cortical impact injury of low-grade severity applied to the rat frontal right sensory-motor cortex (FRC) on the accumulation of free fatty acids ...
Osterode W - - 2000
Animals intoxicated by lead present alterations in the fatty acid composition of red blood cells (RBC). Since this altered fatty acid composition of membranes may be a general reflection of lead toxicosis, we have examined 12 clinically healthy lead-exposed male subjects for fatty acid composition of RBC membranes along with ...
Gambaro G - - 2000
An anomalous n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid composition in plasma and erythrocyte membrane phospholipids, namely increased levels of arachidonic acid (AA), has been reported in calcium nephrolithiasis and has been proposed to play an important role in its pathogenesis. To confirm this, in rats we modified phospholipid AA levels by dietary ...
Mrnka L - - 2000
The effect of low-salt diet on phospholipid composition and remodeling was examined in rat colon which represents a mineralocorticoid target tissue. To elucidate this question, male Wistar rats were fed a low-salt diet and drank distilled water (LS, low-salt group) or saline instead of water (HS, high-salt group) for 12 ...
Monteggia E - - 2000
The aim of this study was to analyze possible changes in the total phospholipid distribution in murine mammary adenocarcinomas induced in transgenic mice by the tissue-specific expression of the neu oncogene, as compared with normal tissues. To understand whether the altered phospholipid profile might be specifically tissue-related to the oncogene ...
Fenton W S - - 2000
Recent research suggests that deficient uptake or excessive breakdown of membrane phospholipids may be associated with schizophrenia. We review available clinical research on abnormalities in membrane fatty acid composition and metabolism in schizophrenia, and therapeutic trials of fatty acid in this disorder. All potentially relevant English-language articles were identified from ...
Arisz S A - - 2000
The fatty acid and polar lipid compositions of the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas moewusii were characterized. Since this organism is an important plant model for phospholipid-based signal transduction, interest was focused on the lipids phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylinositolphosphate and phosphatidylinositolbisphosphate. A phosphatidylinositol:phosphatidylinositolphosphate: phosphatidylinositolbisphosphate ratio of 100:1.7:1.3 was found. The polyphosphoinositides accounted ...
Fonovich de Schroeder T - - 2000
Dieldrin is a widespread environmental contaminant hazardous to many wildlife species. Some evidence obtained with Bufo arenarum oocytes indicates that Dieldrin decreases the fertilization rate in amphibian oocytes, but little is known about mechanisms by which the pesticide affects fertilization. Therefore, we investigated the effect of Dieldrin on oocyte phospholipid ...
Górska A - - 2000
Systemic diseases of connective tissue, including chronic juvenile arthritis are associated with a number of metabolic disorders such as e.g. lipid disturbances. The purpose of the present work was to analyse the composition of fatty acids in erythrocyte phospholipids of children with juvenile chronic arthritis and to determine a correlation ...
El Hafidi M - - 2000
To establish a relationship between alterations in fatty acid metabolism, induced by sugar ingestion, and hypertension, we analyzed fatty acid composition of serum, platelets and aorta in rats which had 30% of sugar in their drinking water for 18-20 weeks, and became hypertensive, hypertriglyceridemic and hyperinsulinemic. The fatty acid composition ...
Boyd L C - - 1999
A freeze-dried whey powder was produced by microfiltration of Cheddar cheese whey. A 0.2-micron ceramic membrane in a stainless steel housing unit was used to concentrate components > 400 kDa present in the whey. The experimental whey powder, derived from Cheddar cheese whey, and a commercial whey powder were subjected ...
Lomnitski L - - 1999
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is the major brain lipoprotein and plays an important role in lipid transport. ApoE-deficient mice whose apoE gene has been knocked out have distinct cognitive and neurochemical deficits, and their recovery from brain injury is impaired. In the present study we examined the possibility that the neuronal ...
Speake B K - - 1999
Lipid analysis was performed on freshly ovulated eggs (n = 5) of the oviparous lizard Bassiana duperreyi. The fresh weight of the whole egg contents was 132.0 +/- 4.3 mg (mean +/- SE) of which lipid constituted 21.9 +/- 1.1% (w/w). Triacylglycerol formed an exceptionally high proportion (85.4 +/-0.5%, w/w) ...
Bisogno T - - 1999
N-Arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide; AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), the two proposed endogenous agonists of cannabinoid receptors, and the putative AEA biosynthetic precursor, N-arachidonoylphosphatidylethanolamine (NArPE), were identified in bovine retina by means of gas chromatography-electron impact mass spectrometry (GC-EIMS). This technique also allowed us to identify N-docosahexanoylethanolamine (DHEA) and 2-docosahexanoylglycerol (2-DHG), two derivatives ...
Fauconnot L - - 1999
In a non aerated incubation medium, the oxidation of the tested thiaoleic acids by C. vulgaris was regioselective. Moreover the non oxidised 14-thiaoleic acid had no influence on the endogenous fatty acid pattern whereas the 13-thiaoleic acid, readily oxidised by the microalgae, caused a significant 18:1 accumulation in phospholipids. Examination ...
Zabelinskii S A - - 1999
The content of different phospholipids (PL) and their fatty acid (FA) composition in subcellular fractions from the liver and brain of rat (Rattus rattus) and trout (Salmo irideus) were estimated. It was shown that despite higher content of unsaturated fatty acids in myelin compared to synaptosomes, the unsaturation index of ...
Kikuchi K - - 1999
The distribution and fatty acid composition of cardiac choline and ethanolamine glycerophospholipids in both migratory and demersal fish and bovine and pig were determined. Phospholipid contents (mg/g heart) were 4.7-9.4 in demersal fish, 14.0-16.5 in migratory fish, and 16.8-20.6 in mammals. Phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) were the major components ...
Schönfeld P - - 1999
Phytanic acid (3,7,11,15-tetramethylhexadecanoic acid), a branched chain fatty acid accumulating in Refsum disease to high levels throughout the body, induces uncoupling of rat liver mitochondria similar to non-branched fatty acids (e.g. palmitic acid), but the contribution of the ADP/ATP carrier or the aspartate/glutamate carrier in phytanic acid-induced uncoupling is of ...
Powell T L - - 1999
The objective of this study was to determine placental membrane permeabilities to water, urea and mannitol in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and compare them to normal gestational age matched controls. Further, we wished to investigate whether potential changes in permeability were related to changes in membrane fluidity, cholesterol or phospholipid ...
Saha S K - - 1999
Membrane phospholipids are known for their role in the regulation of membrane structures and functions. Membrane phospholipid fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has been recently indicated to be important for the regulation of cellular activities, including metabolic regulation. Our previous studies have indicated the involvement of DHA in the regulation ...
Amate L - - 1999
Four sources of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCP) differing in their chemical structure (triglycerides or phospholipids) and in their origin (tuna triglycerides, fungal triglycerides, egg phospholipids, and pig brain phospholipids) were analyzed to determine the distribution of the component fatty acids within the molecule. Lipase and phospholipase A2 hydrolysis was ...
Duan C - - 1999
Changes in the composition and contents of phospholipids and free fatty acids were observed and compared in three groups: (A) unpreconditoned normal controls, (B) exposure to 1 run of hypoxia and (C) exposure to 4 runs of hypoxia. In group B, the content of phosphatidyl ethanolamine (PE), phosphatidyl serine (PS) ...
van Laack R L - - 1999
Our objective for this study was to determine whether there is a difference in the fatty acid composition of phospholipids in longissimus muscle from pigs of different genotypes. In Exp. 1, 15 Hampshire x Yorkshire-Landrace (YL), 15 Duroc x YL, and 15 Danbred x YL were used. Animals were of ...
Guan Z - - 1999
Several lipid modifications, some of which were attributed to oxidative stress, have been reported in the brains of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD). To evaluate this possibility, all phospholipids and their ether subclasses from the frontal cortex, hippocampus, and the white matter of AD brain were analyzed by high performance ...
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