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Results 551 - 600 of 2110
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Nakayama Keiji - - 2002
A long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase (Faap) inhibitor, adenosine 5'-hexadecylphosphate (AMPC16), caused lethal plasma membrane damage to Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells as reflected by the leakage of cytoplasmic K+ into medium in which Mg2+ was supplemented at 10 mM. AMPC16 did not interfere with the de novo synthesis of phospholipids using acetyl-CoA as ...
Young S P - - 2001
Adult Refsum disease is an inherited disorder in which phytanic acid accumulates in tissues and serum. Two hypotheses have been proposed to explain the pathogenesis of this condition. The molecular distortion hypothesis suggests that phytanic acid may alter membrane composition and structure, thereby affecting membrane function(s). The anti-metabolite hypothesis suggests ...
Brenner R R - - 2001
Dexamethasone depresses delta6 and delta5 and increases delta9 desaturase and synthase activities. Therefore, we investigated the effect on the fatty acid composition of microsomal liver lipids and phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho) molecular species. After 15 d of treatment we found a notable decrease in arachidonic acid, a small decrease in stearic acid, ...
Strandvik B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the serum phospholipid fatty acid pattern in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) was related to the major cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene mutations. METHODS: Patients with CF (n = 110) aged 3 months to 56 years were studied. Serum samples were analyzed for phospholipid fatty ...
Richardson A J - - 2001
1. Abnormal neuronal membrane phospholipid metabolism is increasingly recognized as being of central importance to a number of neuropsychiatric disorders. Currently, two important indices of membrane phospholipid metabolism tend to be measured: the ratio of the areas of the phosphomonoester (PME) and phosphodiester (PDE) peaks from in vivo cerebral phosphorus ...
Chumak A - - 2001
The monohydroxylated fatty acid content of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 23 cleanup workers and 16 unexposed individuals was studied in relation to their immune status after the Chernobyl accident. Men with absorbed doses below 0.32 Gy showed higher levels of free and esterified 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12-HETE) than unexposed men, ...
Duffin K L - - 2001
Electrospray/tandem mass spectrometry was used to quantify lipid remodeling in mouse liver and plasma during inhibition of polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesis by the delta6 fatty acid desaturase inhibitor, SC-26196. SC-26196 caused increases in linoleic acid and corresponding decreases in arachidonic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in select molecular species of phosphatidylcholine, ...
Dorrance A M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Cell membrane composition and fluidity are altered in hypertension. Previous reports suggest arachidonic acid, a metabolically active fatty acid, is increased in the membranes of hypertensive animals compared to control. This increase in unsaturated fatty acids does not explain the observed reduction in fluidity in hypertensive rats, suggesting some ...
Alessandri J M - - 2001
Alterations in lipid composition occur in the retinal pigment epithelium and photoreceptor cells of the Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) dystrophic rat, a model for inherited retinal degeneration. With respect to lipid composition of nonretinal tissues, the developmental timing of lipid alterations and the incidence of dystrophy are unknown. We ...
Chiu C H - - 2001
The proposed role of calcium-independent phospholipase A(2) (iPLA(2)) in membrane phospholipid homeostasis was tested by examining the perturbation of phosphatidylcholine metabolism by enzyme overexpression. There are alternatively spliced forms of murine iPLA(2) that were widely expressed in mouse tissues: a long form containing exon-9 that is membrane-associated and a short ...
Helge J W - - 2001
This study investigated if prior eccentric contractions, and thus mechanical strain and muscle damage, exert an effect on the muscle membrane phospholipid fatty acid composition in rats, and whether a possible effect could be attenuated by dietary supplements. Twenty-three rats were randomised to three groups who received chow with added ...
Higashino Y - - 2001
Melittin-induced membrane fusion between neutral and acidic phospholipids was examined in liposome systems with a high-sensitivity differential scanning calorimeter. Membrane fusion could be detected by calorimetric measurement by observing thermograms of mixed liposomal lipids. The roles of hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions were investigated in membrane fusion induced by melittin. Melittin, ...
Reynolds L M - - 2001
The fatty acid composition of phospholipids from differentiated human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, human and rat brain tissue and rat brain synaptosomes was determined using high pressure liquid chromatography. Comparison of the fatty acid composition of the cells with that derived from brain tissue identified differences in the cells including a ...
Igal R A - - 2001
The mitochondrial isoform of glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (GPAT), the first step in glycerolipid synthesis, is up-regulated by insulin and by high carbohydrate feeding via SREBP-1c, suggesting that it plays a role in triacylglycerol synthesis. To test this hypothesis, we overexpressed mitochondrial GPAT in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. When GPAT was ...
Ostrander D B - - 2001
Apoptosis has been identified recently as a component of many cardiac pathologies. However, the potential triggers of programmed cell death in the heart and the involvement of specific metabolic pathway(s) are less well characterized. Detachment of cytochrome c from the mitochondrial inner membrane is a necessary first step for cytochrome ...
Araya J - - 2001
The effects of red wine and ethanol on plasma lipoproteins and the fatty acid composition of kidney lipids and erythrocytes phospholipids were studied. Lipid peroxidation is one of the main deleterious effects of oxidant attack on biomolecules, due to the disruption of the structural integrity of membranes. The vulnerability of ...
Sarma A V - - 2001
The mechanism of lubrication in normal human joints depends on loading and velocity conditions. Boundary lubrication, a mechanism in which layers of molecules separate opposing surfaces, occurs under severe loading. This study was aimed at characterizing the phospholipid composition of the adsorbed molecular layer on the surface of normal cartilage ...
Bryan D L - - 2001
Animal and human studies designed to examine the effects of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and linoleic acid (LA) supplementation on the fatty acid composition of plasma and tissues have demonstrated a marked difference in incorporation into phospholipids of these 18-carbon precursors of the long-chain polyunsaturates. Whereas tissue phospholipid levels are linearly ...
Kim J Y - - 2001
The lipid content and fatty acid composition of fresh immature and in vitro matured bovine oocytes cultured in media with or without serum, and also those of frozen-thawed immature oocytes were analysed. All oocytes were ranked (A or B) on the basis of their cytoplasmic quality. Fatty acid composition (mol ...
El Alaoui H - - 2001
Sporal lipids of 3 microsporidia, Encephalitozoon cuniculi from mammals and Glugea atherinae and Spraguea lophii from fishes, were investigated. High phospholipid levels were found (54.8-64.5% of total lipids), which is in agreement with the presence of highly developed internal membranes in microsporidian spores. Sphingomyelin was not detected in G. atherinae. ...
Thompson M B - - 2001
The contents of eggs and neonates of the Australian skinks, Lampropholis guichenoti and L. delicata, are described and compared to allow interpretation of nutrient utilisation by the developing embryo. Even though the females are the same size, L. guichenoti lay smaller clutches of larger eggs (egg contents=41.6+/-1.2 mg dry mass) ...
Stanton B - - 2001
This study tested the hypothesis that 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) antagonizes estrogen-induced hepatic lipid synthesis and metabolism in birds. Twenty immature male chickens (Gallus domesticus) were divided evenly into four groups: (1) vehicle control; (2) estrogen alone (1.0 mg/kg estradiol cypionate injected on three consecutive days); (3) TCDD alone (50 microg/kg injected ...
Carballeira N M - - 2001
The saturated 2-methoxylated fatty acids 2-methoxytetradecanoic acid (1), 2-methoxypentadecanoic acid (2), and 2-methoxyoctadecanoic acid (3) as well as the Delta6 monoenoic methoxylated fatty acids (6Z)-2-methoxy-6-tetradecenoic acid (4), (6Z)-2-methoxy-6-pentadecenoic acid (5), and (6Z)-2-methoxy-13-methyl-6-tetradecenoic acid (7) were identified for the first time in nature in the phospholipids from the Caribbean sponge Callyspongia ...
Cox D L - - 2001
The authors examined the ability of octadecanoyl (C(18)), hexadecanoyl (C(16)) and dodecanoyl (C(12)) fatty acid (FA) conjugates of 5-aminofluorescein (OAF, HAF and DAF, respectively) to insert into the outer membranes (OMs) of Treponema pallidum, Borrelia burgdorferi and Escherichia coli. Biophysical studies have demonstrated that these compounds stably insert into phospholipid ...
Batrakov S G - - 2001
The chloroform-methanol extractable lipids of the soil filamentous fungus Absidia corymbifera VKMF-965 account for about 20% by weight of dry cells and are composed of low-polarity constituents (about 75% of the total lipids), such as triacylglycerols (mainly), diacylglycerols, sterols and free fatty acids, as well as of glycolipids (about 3%) ...
Oviedo J M - - 2001
Binding of polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies, quantitated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, to porcine SP-B reconstituted in different phospholipid bilayers has been used to assess differences in protein structure due to lipid-protein interactions. SP-B bound significantly more antibodies when it was reconstituted in bilayers made of anionic phospholipids (phosphatidic acid, cardiolipin, ...
Mahmoudabadi A Z - - 2001
AIMS: To characterize fatty acid and phospholipid analogue profiles of oral yeasts. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-seven strains of oral yeasts were cultured on SDA and lipids of freeze-dried cells were extracted and analysed by FAB MS. The most abundant carboxylate anion was m/z 281 (C18 : 1). The most intense ...
Ahn J - - 2001
omega6 and omega3 fatty acids are important cellular components and known to be involved in disease processes. However, few studies have focused on mucosa fatty acid in human gastric cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate how fatty acid patterns of mucosa are altered in gastric cancer. Fatty ...
Berliner J A - - 2001
There is growing evidence for the accumulation of phospholipid oxidation products (some of which can also be formed enzymatically) in several chronic disease processes including atherosclerosis. There also is considerable evidence that enzymes involved in hydrolysis of these phospholipids (present in both lipoproteins and cells) may be important in regulation ...
Zheng W - - 2001
Cell growth arrests when the concentrations of anionic phospholipids drop below a critical level in Escherichia coli, with the insufficient amounts of acidic phospholipids adversely affecting the DnaA-dependent initiation of DNA replication at the chromosomal origin (oriC). Mutations have been introduced into the carboxyl region of DnaA, including the portion ...
Zeron Y - - 2001
Follicle dynamics and oocyte viability in Holstein primiparous and multiparous cows and the relationships between fertility and the biochemical and physical properties of oocyte membranes with season were examined. The conception rates of primiparous (n = 70 885) and multiparous (n = 143 490) cows differed, peaking in the winter ...
Bohn M - - 2001
Although the results of lipid analyses from several plant species have been available for many years a complete characterization of the corn root plasma membrane is still lacking. The present study provides a detailed analysis of individual lipids and a characterization of the membrane fluidity of corn (Zea mays L.) ...
Surai P F - - 2001
The salient feature of the fatty acid profile of kestrel eggs collected in the wild was the very high proportion of arachidonic acid (15.2%+/-0.7% of fatty acid mass, n=5) in the phospholipid fraction of the yolk. Kestrels in captivity fed on day-old chickens produced eggs that differed from those of ...
Ulmann L - - 2001
The aim of this work was to study the composition of long chain fatty acids and the n-6 and n-3 fatty acid ratios in aged and young Wistar rats in brain and hippocampus, related to relative cognitive deficits. The aged animals showed cognitive deficits during acquisition of a memory task ...
Avis T J - - 2001
cis-9-Heptadecenoic acid (CHDA), an antifungal fatty acid produced by the biocontrol agent Pseudozyma flocculosa, was studied for its effects on growth and/or spore germination in fungi. Inhibition of growth and/or germination varied considerably and revealed CHDA sensitivity groups within tested fungi. Analysis of lipid composition in these fungi demonstrated that ...
Helge J W - - 2001
Training improves insulin sensitivity, which in turn may affect performance by modulation of fuel availability. Insulin action, in turn, has been linked to specific patterns of muscle structural lipids in skeletal muscle. This study investigated whether regular exercise training exerts an effect on the muscle membrane phospholipid fatty acid composition ...
Horrobin David F - - 2001
Phospholipids make up 60 per cent of the dry weight of the brain. They are essential for neuronal and especially for synaptic structure and play key roles in the signal transduction responses to dopamine, serotonin, glutamate and acetyl choline. The unsaturated fatty acid components of phospholipids are abnormal in depression, ...
Zlatanov M - - 2001
Yeast strains Cryptococcus albidus, Cryptococcus laurentii, Rhodotorula minuta were isolated from a moss sample. Candida oleophila and Rhodotorula mucilaginosa were isolated from a soil sample taken from Livingston Island. Antarctica. Fatty acid, phospholipid, sterol and tocopherol composition was determined in separated lipid fraction after fermentation in a medium containing glucose, ...
Carballeira N M - - 2001
The phospholipid fatty acid composition of the sponge Amphimedon complanata was reinvestigated, and the 2-methoxy-13-methyltetradecanoic acid, 2-methoxy-14-methylpentadecanoic acid, and 2-methoxy-13-methylpentadecanoic acid were identified for the first time in nature. Structure characterization was accomplished by means of gas chromatographic retention times and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. These acids could have originated from ...
Mateo C R - - 2000
(+)-Totarol, a diterpene extracted from Podocarpus totara, has been reported as a potent antioxidant and antibacterial agent. Although the molecular mechanism of action of this hydrophobic molecule remains unknown, recent work made in our laboratory strongly suggests that it could be lipid-mediated. Since (+)-totarol contains a phenolic ring, we have ...
Jemal F - - 2000
Seedlings (2 weeks old) of pepper (Capsicum annum) were grown in nutrient solution with added CdCl(2) (10 or 50 microM) for 7 days. In Cd-treated plants, changes in acyl lipids and fatty acid composition were investigated. Cd particularly lowered the amount of monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) and enhanced accumulation of phospholipids [phosphatidylcholine ...
Davidson K G - - 2000
Although acute lung injury (ALI) is associated with inflammation and surfactant dysfunction, the precise sequence of these changes remains poorly described. We used oleic acid to study the pathogenesis of ALI in spontaneously breathing anesthetized rats. We found that lung pathology can occur far more rapidly than previously appreciated. Lung ...
Wieckowski M R - - 2000
Adenine nucleotide translocase-porin-hexokinase complex isolated from rat brain, when reconstituted into phospholipid-cholesterol vesicles, exhibits all properties of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore [Beutner, G., Rück, A., Riede, B., Welte, W. and Brdiczka, D. (1996) FEBS Lett. 396, 189-195]. In the present work, the effect of long-chain fatty acids on such ...
Douard V - - 2000
The changes in lipid composition of spermatozoa and seminal plasma and changes in motility, viability, and morphological integrity of spermatozoa were measured in turkey semen diluted in Beltsville poultry semen extender and stored for 48 h (4 degrees C). The total phospholipid content of spermatozoa decreased during storage, while no ...
Gulaya N M - - 2000
Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident clean-up workers were exposed to different radiation doses. Realization of remote effects depends on cellular membrane structure and function. We studied lipid composition of erythrocyte ghost and blood plasma in clean-up workers on the 12-th year after the accident. Groups of Chernobyl accident clean-up workers, ...
Six D A - - 2000
The phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) superfamily consists of a broad range of enzymes defined by their ability to catalyze the hydrolysis of the middle (sn-2) ester bond of substrate phospholipids. The hydrolysis products of this reaction, free fatty acid and lysophospholipid, have many important downstream roles, and are derived from the ...
Le Zhang - - 2000
Micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MECC) with laser-induced fluorescence detection was applied to the separation of amino group-containing phospholipids including phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylserine (PS), lysophosphatidylethanolamine (LysoPE), and lysophosphatidylserine (LysoPS). A fluorogenic dye, 3-(2-furoyl)quinoline-2-carboxaldehyde (FQ), was successfully used to fluorescently label these phospholipids. 4-Fluoro-7-nitrobenzofurazan only produced fluorescent product from LysoPE and PE; ...
Lahdes E - - 2000
The compositions of lipid classes as well as the molecular species composition of subclasses (diacyl, alkylacyl, and alkenylacyl forms) of choline and ethanolamine phosphoglycerides in marine amphipod crustaceans, Gammarus spp., collected in the Baltic Sea at 8 and 15 degrees C, were studied in relation to environmental temperature. The structural ...
Kurz M - - 2000
The aim of the present study was the synthesis of phospholipids containing a drug molecule instead of a fatty acid. Valproic acid and ibuprofen served as model compounds. The target molecules were synthesized either starting from sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (1) or using (S)-2-O-benzyl-1-O-tritylglycerol (11) and (R)-2-O-benzyl-1-O-tert-butyldiphenylsilylglycerol (12), respectively, as key intermediates. With ...
Martínez-Cayuela M - - 2000
In this work, we have modified the fatty acid composition of Reuber H35 hepatoma cells by supplementation of the culture medium with a saturated (palmitic) or a polyunsaturated (docosahexaenoic) acid. These fatty acids were incorporated into total lipids and phospholipids of hepatoma cells. Palmitic acid readily increased the percentage of ...
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