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El Alaoui H - - 2001
Sporal lipids of 3 microsporidia, Encephalitozoon cuniculi from mammals and Glugea atherinae and Spraguea lophii from fishes, were investigated. High phospholipid levels were found (54.8-64.5% of total lipids), which is in agreement with the presence of highly developed internal membranes in microsporidian spores. Sphingomyelin was not detected in G. atherinae. ...
Thompson M B - - 2001
The contents of eggs and neonates of the Australian skinks, Lampropholis guichenoti and L. delicata, are described and compared to allow interpretation of nutrient utilisation by the developing embryo. Even though the females are the same size, L. guichenoti lay smaller clutches of larger eggs (egg contents=41.6+/-1.2 mg dry mass) ...
Stanton B - - 2001
This study tested the hypothesis that 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) antagonizes estrogen-induced hepatic lipid synthesis and metabolism in birds. Twenty immature male chickens (Gallus domesticus) were divided evenly into four groups: (1) vehicle control; (2) estrogen alone (1.0 mg/kg estradiol cypionate injected on three consecutive days); (3) TCDD alone (50 microg/kg injected ...
Carballeira N M - - 2001
The saturated 2-methoxylated fatty acids 2-methoxytetradecanoic acid (1), 2-methoxypentadecanoic acid (2), and 2-methoxyoctadecanoic acid (3) as well as the Delta6 monoenoic methoxylated fatty acids (6Z)-2-methoxy-6-tetradecenoic acid (4), (6Z)-2-methoxy-6-pentadecenoic acid (5), and (6Z)-2-methoxy-13-methyl-6-tetradecenoic acid (7) were identified for the first time in nature in the phospholipids from the Caribbean sponge Callyspongia ...
Cox D L - - 2001
The authors examined the ability of octadecanoyl (C(18)), hexadecanoyl (C(16)) and dodecanoyl (C(12)) fatty acid (FA) conjugates of 5-aminofluorescein (OAF, HAF and DAF, respectively) to insert into the outer membranes (OMs) of Treponema pallidum, Borrelia burgdorferi and Escherichia coli. Biophysical studies have demonstrated that these compounds stably insert into phospholipid ...
Batrakov S G - - 2001
The chloroform-methanol extractable lipids of the soil filamentous fungus Absidia corymbifera VKMF-965 account for about 20% by weight of dry cells and are composed of low-polarity constituents (about 75% of the total lipids), such as triacylglycerols (mainly), diacylglycerols, sterols and free fatty acids, as well as of glycolipids (about 3%) ...
Oviedo J M - - 2001
Binding of polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies, quantitated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, to porcine SP-B reconstituted in different phospholipid bilayers has been used to assess differences in protein structure due to lipid-protein interactions. SP-B bound significantly more antibodies when it was reconstituted in bilayers made of anionic phospholipids (phosphatidic acid, cardiolipin, ...
Mahmoudabadi A Z - - 2001
AIMS: To characterize fatty acid and phospholipid analogue profiles of oral yeasts. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-seven strains of oral yeasts were cultured on SDA and lipids of freeze-dried cells were extracted and analysed by FAB MS. The most abundant carboxylate anion was m/z 281 (C18 : 1). The most intense ...
Ahn J - - 2001
omega6 and omega3 fatty acids are important cellular components and known to be involved in disease processes. However, few studies have focused on mucosa fatty acid in human gastric cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate how fatty acid patterns of mucosa are altered in gastric cancer. Fatty ...
Berliner J A - - 2001
There is growing evidence for the accumulation of phospholipid oxidation products (some of which can also be formed enzymatically) in several chronic disease processes including atherosclerosis. There also is considerable evidence that enzymes involved in hydrolysis of these phospholipids (present in both lipoproteins and cells) may be important in regulation ...
Zheng W - - 2001
Cell growth arrests when the concentrations of anionic phospholipids drop below a critical level in Escherichia coli, with the insufficient amounts of acidic phospholipids adversely affecting the DnaA-dependent initiation of DNA replication at the chromosomal origin (oriC). Mutations have been introduced into the carboxyl region of DnaA, including the portion ...
Zeron Y - - 2001
Follicle dynamics and oocyte viability in Holstein primiparous and multiparous cows and the relationships between fertility and the biochemical and physical properties of oocyte membranes with season were examined. The conception rates of primiparous (n = 70 885) and multiparous (n = 143 490) cows differed, peaking in the winter ...
Bohn M - - 2001
Although the results of lipid analyses from several plant species have been available for many years a complete characterization of the corn root plasma membrane is still lacking. The present study provides a detailed analysis of individual lipids and a characterization of the membrane fluidity of corn (Zea mays L.) ...
Surai P F - - 2001
The salient feature of the fatty acid profile of kestrel eggs collected in the wild was the very high proportion of arachidonic acid (15.2%+/-0.7% of fatty acid mass, n=5) in the phospholipid fraction of the yolk. Kestrels in captivity fed on day-old chickens produced eggs that differed from those of ...
Ulmann L - - 2001
The aim of this work was to study the composition of long chain fatty acids and the n-6 and n-3 fatty acid ratios in aged and young Wistar rats in brain and hippocampus, related to relative cognitive deficits. The aged animals showed cognitive deficits during acquisition of a memory task ...
Avis T J - - 2001
cis-9-Heptadecenoic acid (CHDA), an antifungal fatty acid produced by the biocontrol agent Pseudozyma flocculosa, was studied for its effects on growth and/or spore germination in fungi. Inhibition of growth and/or germination varied considerably and revealed CHDA sensitivity groups within tested fungi. Analysis of lipid composition in these fungi demonstrated that ...
Helge J W - - 2001
Training improves insulin sensitivity, which in turn may affect performance by modulation of fuel availability. Insulin action, in turn, has been linked to specific patterns of muscle structural lipids in skeletal muscle. This study investigated whether regular exercise training exerts an effect on the muscle membrane phospholipid fatty acid composition ...
Horrobin David F - - 2001
Phospholipids make up 60 per cent of the dry weight of the brain. They are essential for neuronal and especially for synaptic structure and play key roles in the signal transduction responses to dopamine, serotonin, glutamate and acetyl choline. The unsaturated fatty acid components of phospholipids are abnormal in depression, ...
Zlatanov M - - 2001
Yeast strains Cryptococcus albidus, Cryptococcus laurentii, Rhodotorula minuta were isolated from a moss sample. Candida oleophila and Rhodotorula mucilaginosa were isolated from a soil sample taken from Livingston Island. Antarctica. Fatty acid, phospholipid, sterol and tocopherol composition was determined in separated lipid fraction after fermentation in a medium containing glucose, ...
Carballeira N M - - 2001
The phospholipid fatty acid composition of the sponge Amphimedon complanata was reinvestigated, and the 2-methoxy-13-methyltetradecanoic acid, 2-methoxy-14-methylpentadecanoic acid, and 2-methoxy-13-methylpentadecanoic acid were identified for the first time in nature. Structure characterization was accomplished by means of gas chromatographic retention times and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. These acids could have originated from ...
Mateo C R - - 2000
(+)-Totarol, a diterpene extracted from Podocarpus totara, has been reported as a potent antioxidant and antibacterial agent. Although the molecular mechanism of action of this hydrophobic molecule remains unknown, recent work made in our laboratory strongly suggests that it could be lipid-mediated. Since (+)-totarol contains a phenolic ring, we have ...
Jemal F - - 2000
Seedlings (2 weeks old) of pepper (Capsicum annum) were grown in nutrient solution with added CdCl(2) (10 or 50 microM) for 7 days. In Cd-treated plants, changes in acyl lipids and fatty acid composition were investigated. Cd particularly lowered the amount of monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) and enhanced accumulation of phospholipids [phosphatidylcholine ...
Davidson K G - - 2000
Although acute lung injury (ALI) is associated with inflammation and surfactant dysfunction, the precise sequence of these changes remains poorly described. We used oleic acid to study the pathogenesis of ALI in spontaneously breathing anesthetized rats. We found that lung pathology can occur far more rapidly than previously appreciated. Lung ...
Wieckowski M R - - 2000
Adenine nucleotide translocase-porin-hexokinase complex isolated from rat brain, when reconstituted into phospholipid-cholesterol vesicles, exhibits all properties of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore [Beutner, G., Rück, A., Riede, B., Welte, W. and Brdiczka, D. (1996) FEBS Lett. 396, 189-195]. In the present work, the effect of long-chain fatty acids on such ...
Douard V - - 2000
The changes in lipid composition of spermatozoa and seminal plasma and changes in motility, viability, and morphological integrity of spermatozoa were measured in turkey semen diluted in Beltsville poultry semen extender and stored for 48 h (4 degrees C). The total phospholipid content of spermatozoa decreased during storage, while no ...
Gulaya N M - - 2000
Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident clean-up workers were exposed to different radiation doses. Realization of remote effects depends on cellular membrane structure and function. We studied lipid composition of erythrocyte ghost and blood plasma in clean-up workers on the 12-th year after the accident. Groups of Chernobyl accident clean-up workers, ...
Six D A - - 2000
The phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) superfamily consists of a broad range of enzymes defined by their ability to catalyze the hydrolysis of the middle (sn-2) ester bond of substrate phospholipids. The hydrolysis products of this reaction, free fatty acid and lysophospholipid, have many important downstream roles, and are derived from the ...
Le Zhang - - 2000
Micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MECC) with laser-induced fluorescence detection was applied to the separation of amino group-containing phospholipids including phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylserine (PS), lysophosphatidylethanolamine (LysoPE), and lysophosphatidylserine (LysoPS). A fluorogenic dye, 3-(2-furoyl)quinoline-2-carboxaldehyde (FQ), was successfully used to fluorescently label these phospholipids. 4-Fluoro-7-nitrobenzofurazan only produced fluorescent product from LysoPE and PE; ...
Lahdes E - - 2000
The compositions of lipid classes as well as the molecular species composition of subclasses (diacyl, alkylacyl, and alkenylacyl forms) of choline and ethanolamine phosphoglycerides in marine amphipod crustaceans, Gammarus spp., collected in the Baltic Sea at 8 and 15 degrees C, were studied in relation to environmental temperature. The structural ...
Kurz M - - 2000
The aim of the present study was the synthesis of phospholipids containing a drug molecule instead of a fatty acid. Valproic acid and ibuprofen served as model compounds. The target molecules were synthesized either starting from sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (1) or using (S)-2-O-benzyl-1-O-tritylglycerol (11) and (R)-2-O-benzyl-1-O-tert-butyldiphenylsilylglycerol (12), respectively, as key intermediates. With ...
Martínez-Cayuela M - - 2000
In this work, we have modified the fatty acid composition of Reuber H35 hepatoma cells by supplementation of the culture medium with a saturated (palmitic) or a polyunsaturated (docosahexaenoic) acid. These fatty acids were incorporated into total lipids and phospholipids of hepatoma cells. Palmitic acid readily increased the percentage of ...
Leese G P - - 2000
The effects of replacement with recombinant human GH (hGH) on red cell plasma membrane fatty acid and cholesterol constituents were assessed in nine adult patients with growth hormone deficiency. They were treated with hGH in a dose of 0.125 U.kg-1.wk-1 for four weeks and at 0.25 U.kg-1.wk-1 thereafter for an ...
Juárez M P - - 2000
The pathogenicity of Metarhizium anisopliae (Ma) and Beauveria bassiana (Bb) isolates against Triatoma infestans, the major vector of Chagas disease in Argentina is reported. A 100% mortality was achieved with mean lethal times varying form 5.8 (Ma6) to 7.7 (Bb5) or 11.1 days (Bb10). The fatty acid, hydrocarbon, and total ...
Moog R - - 2000
The hydrolysis of the bilayer forming phospholipids resulting first of all in lysophospholipids and fatty acids is one limiting factor determining the shelf-life of liposomes. In several studies the influence of pH, buffer, lipid composition and other parameters on the hydrolysis of phospholipids have been demonstrated, but the influence of ...
Terashi H - - 2000
The phospholipid component of the cellular membrane is crucial to the structure and function of cells. Basal cells from three epithelial tissues, adult human skin epidermis, oral mucosa, and hair follicles, grow rapidly in serum- and lipid-free medium. Analysis of phospholipid extracts from the above three types of stratified squamous ...
Di Marino L - - 2000
Recent studies suggest that insulin sensitivity is related to the fatty acid composition of phospholipids in skeletal muscle (SM) membranes. Since it is difficult to obtain muscle biopsies, it may be useful to have information on the fatty acid composition using more accessible cells such as erythrocytes. This would be ...
Kulagina T P - - 2000
The content of lipids in rat cortical tissue homogenate and fraction of neuronal nuclei was determined under normal conditions and after picrotoxin-induced seizures. Changes in lipid composition of homogenate and nuclear fraction differed considerably. In homogenate, the content of sphingomyelin, lysophosphatidylcholine, and total phospholipids increased, while the content of free ...
Comhaire F H - - 2000
We evaluated the effects of combined conventional treatment, oral antioxidants (N-acetyl-cysteine or vitamins A plus E) and essential fatty acids (FA) on sperm biology in an open prospective study including 27 infertile men. The evaluation included sperm characteristics, seminal reactive oxygen species (ROS), FA of sperm membrane phospholipids, sperm oxidized ...
Fang J - - 2000
Bacterial physiological responses to toluene exposure were investigated in five reference pseudomonad strains that express different toluene degradation pathways: Pseudomonas putida mt-2, Pseudomonas putida F1, Burkholderia cepacia G4, Burkholderia pickettii PKO1, and Pseudomonas mendocina KR1. The intact phospholipids of these archetypes, grown with and without toluene, were characterized using liquid ...
Brown G R - - 2000
Oceanomonas baumanniioff a novel halotolerant bacterium which was isolated from the estuary of the river Wear (Sunderland, UK). When grown in tryptone soya broth it can tolerate high levels of phenol, which is not utilised as a carbon source in this medium. However, the level of tolerance was reduced from ...
Fang J - - 2000
The intact phospholipid profiles (IPPs) of seven species of methanotrophs from all three physiological groups, type I, II and X, were determined using liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization/mass spectrometry. In these methanotrophs, two major classes of phospholipids were found, phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) as well as its derivatives phosphatidylmethylethanolamine (PME) and ...
Murphy E J - - 2000
The differential uptake and targeting of intravenously infused [1-14C]palmitic ([1-14C]16:0) and [1-14C]arachidonic ([1-14C]20:4n-6) acids into heart lipid pools were determined in awake adult male rats. The fatty acid tracers were infused (170 microCi/kg) through the femoral vein at a constant rate of 0.4 mL/min over 5 min. At 10 min ...
Rahman M M - - 2000
The phospholipids of Neisseria meningitidis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae were characterized by fast atom bombardment (FAB)-MS and GLC-MS. The major phospholipids were phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), followed by phosphatidylglycerol (PG), with minor amounts of phosphatidic acid (PA) and trace levels of cardiolipin (DPG). All of the phospholipid preparations were variable in their fatty ...
Flieger A - - 2000
Destruction of alveolar surfactant phospholipids by bacterial phospholipases is suggested to be a major virulence factor involved in bacterial pneumonia. Since Legionella pneumophila secretes phospholipase A, we analyzed phospholipid degradation in natural bovine surfactant by L. pneumophila. Phospholipids were reduced in amount after incubation with bacteria or culture supernatant of ...
Schneiter R - - 2000
Saccharomyces cerevisiae medium-chain acyl elongase (ELO1) mutants have previously been isolated in screens for fatty acid synthetase (FAS) mutants that fail to grow on myristic acid (C14:0)-supplemented media. Here we report that wild-type cells cultivated in myristoleic acid (C14:1Delta(9))-supplemented media synthesized a novel unsaturated fatty acid that was identified as ...
Meyer K C - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine whether chronic lung inflammation in young adult patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) alters the composition and function of surfactant and surfactant components in bronchoalveolar secretions. DESIGN: A prospective, descriptive study. SETTING: An adult CF center in a tertiary health-care center. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen normal volunteer (NV) subjects ...
Montecucco C - - 2000
Snake presynaptic neurotoxins with phospholipase A2 activity block nerve terminals in an unknown way. Here, we propose that they enter the lumen of synaptic vesicles following endocytosis and hydrolyse phospholipids of the inner leaflet of the membrane. The transmembrane pH gradient drives the translocation of fatty acids to the cytosolic ...
Murphy E J - - 2000
The effects sterol carrier protein-2 (SCP-2) expression on L-cell phospholipid levels and fatty acyl composition was assessed using L-cells transfected with the murine cDNA encoding for either the 15 kDa proSCP-2 or 13.2 kDa SCP-2. Expression of these proteins reduced total phospholipid mass (nmol/mg protein) by 24% and reduced the ...
Mrnka L - - 2000
Previous studies have shown that aldosterone treatment of amphibian epithelial cells results not only in stimulation of Na(+) absorption but also in changes in phospholipid composition which are necessary for the mineralocorticoid action of aldosterone. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of aldosterone on phospholipids of mammalian ...
Zeleniuch-Jacquotte A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We examined the reliability of the fatty acid composition of serum phospholipids in the New York University Women's Health Study, a prospective study of sex hormones, diet and breast cancer. DESIGN: Non-fasting serum samples collected at three yearly visits, in 46 healthy women, and stored at -80 degrees C ...
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