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Results 501 - 550 of 2092
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Dombrowsky Heike - - 2003
Fatty acid analysis of phospholipid compositions of lung and pancreas cells from a cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) negative mouse (cftr(-/-))suggested that a decreased concentration of docosahexaenoate (22:6(n-3)) and increased arachidonate (20:4(n-6)) may be related to the disease process in cystic fibrosis (CF). Consequently, we have determined compositions of the ...
Viracaoundin I - - 2003
Two tunicates (Eudistoma bituminis and Cystodytes violatinctus, family Polycitoridae) were investigated for the FA content of their phospholipids. GC-MS analysis of their methyl esters and N-acyl pyrrolidides revealed 40 FA in E. bituminis, and 26 in C. violatinctus. In both cases, the most abundant FA were the saturated ones (C10 ...
Funari Sérgio S - - 2003
Fatty acid derivatives are abundant in biological membranes, mainly as components of phospholipids and cholesterol esters. Their presence, free or bound to phospholipids, modulates the lipid membrane behavior. The present study shows the differential influence of the C-18 fatty acids (FAs), oleic, elaidic, and stearic acids on the structural properties ...
Russell Nicholas J - - 2002
The phospholipid composition of Rhodopseudomonas acidophila strain 10050 grown aerobically or anaerobically in the light was determined. The major phospholipids present in the aerobic cells were phosphatidylethanolamine (PE; 54%), phosphatidylglycerol (PG; 24%) and cardiolipin (diphosphatidylglycerol, DPG) (14%), together with phosphatidylcholine (PC; 5%). On moving the cells to anaerobic photosynthetic growth ...
Hammond Linda E - - 2002
Microsomal and mitochondrial isoforms of glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (GPAT; E.C. 2.3.1.15) catalyze the committed step in glycerolipid synthesis. The mitochondrial isoform, mtGPAT, was believed to control the positioning of saturated fatty acids at the sn-1 position of phospholipids, and nutritional, hormonal, and overexpression studies suggested that mtGPAT activity is important for ...
Brooks S - - 2002
Cold acclimation of carp from 30 degrees C to 10 degrees C causes a restructuring of liver microsomal phospholipids characterised by increased proportions of monounsaturated fatty acid in phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). Here, we have used electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) to determine the patterns of alteration to individual ...
Schmidt R - - 2002
Deterioration of pulmonary surfactant function has been reported in interstitial lung disease; however, the molecular basis is presently unclear. We analyzed fatty acid (FA) profiles of several surfactant phospholipid classes isolated from large-surfactant aggregates of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF; n = 12), hypersensitivity pneumonitis (n = 5), and ...
Cordier Michel - - 2002
We quantified seasonal effects on fatty acid composition of tissue phospholipids in farmed sea bass. Major changes in percent phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine were observed in all tissues between February and March, and the phosphatidylcholine/phosphatidylethanolamine ratio was drastically reduced at this time. Different changes in the fatty acid composition of total ...
Giusto N M - - 2002
In this review, changes in brain lipid composition and metabolism due to aging are outlined. The most striking changes in cerebral cortex and cerebellum lipid composition involve an increase in acidic phospholipid synthesis. The most important changes with respect to fatty acyl composition involve a decreased content in polyunsaturated fatty ...
Yao Jeffrey k - - 2002
BACKGROUND: There is evidence for membrane abnormalities in schizophrenia. It is unclear whether the observed membrane deficits in peripheral cells parallel central membrane phospholipid metabolism. To address this question we examined the relations between red blood cell polyunsaturated fatty acids and brain phospholipid metabolites from different regions of interest in ...
Alvarez H M - - 2002
Triacylglycerols (TAG) are fatty acid triesters of glycerol; there are diverse types of TAG with different properties depending on their fatty acid composition. The occurrence of TAG as reserve compounds is widespread among eukaryotic organisms such as yeast, fungi, plants and animals, whereas occurrence of TAG in bacteria has only ...
Glew R H - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to determine the fatty acid composition of the serum phospholipids of children with sickle cell disease (SCD) in Nigeria and to compare the relative fluidity of the acyl chains of the serum phospholipids of controls versus the subjects with SCD. It is widely accepted ...
Markart Philipp - - 2003
Incorporation of pulmonary surfactant into fibrin inhibits its plasmic degradation. In the present study we investigated the influence of surfactant proteins (SP)-A, SP-B, and SP-C on the fibrinolysis-inhibitory capacity of surfactant phospholipids. Plasmin-induced fibrinolysis was quantified by means of a (125)I-fibrin plate assay, and surfactant incorporation into polymerizing fibrin was ...
Lapillonne Alexandre - - 2002
The fatty acid pattern of cheek cell phospholipids has been proposed as a noninvasive marker of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status. However, the cheek cell phospholipid fatty acid pattern has been compared only with that of plasma and erythrocytes. The objective of this study was to assess the extent ...
Martin R E - - 2002
Docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) is highly enriched in the retina. To determine if retinal cells take up and metabolize fatty acids in a specific manner, retinas from Rana pipiens were incubated for 3 h with an equimolar mixture of tritiated 22:6n-3, arachidonic acid (20:4n-6), palmitic acid, and oleic acid. The radiolabeling ...
Gattinger Andreas - - 2002
Phospholipid etherlipid (PLEL) derived isoprenoids and phospholipid fatty acids (PLFA) were determined in eight Euryarchaeotal monocultures for taxonomic profiling. For the first time significant amounts of fatty acids in the PLFA of Euryarchaeota were determined. The PLFA proportion varied between 11.3 and 35.5% of the total phospholipid side chains except ...
Denyer Gareth S - - 2002
The intracellular and intramembrane profiles of fatty acids mirror those of dietary fat intake. The properties of transporter and receptor proteins embedded within cell membranes are influenced by the composition of the phospholipid membrane of cells. Many cell-signalling pathways involve lipids or lipid-derived molecules. Specific fatty acids are increasingly being ...
Piispanen R - - 2002
Variations in the concentration and composition of triacylglycerols, free fatty acids and phospholipids were analyzed in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) trees at five sites. Disks were taken at breast height or at a height of 4 m from the stems of 81 trees differing in diameter and growth rate. ...
Minda Hajnalka - - 2002
The purpose of this review was to systematically evaluate the variability of the fatty acid composition of venous cord blood phospholipids in different populations. In an attempt to review published evidence systematically, we found 19 data sets describing fatty acid composition of venous cord blood phospholipids in 11 European and ...
Guglielmo C G - - 2002
We studied: (1) concentrations and fatty acid compositions of plasma non-esterified fatty acids, neutral lipids, and phospholipids, and (2) fatty acid composition of flight muscle phospholipids in wintering, premigratory, and spring and fall migrating western sandpipers ( Calidris mauri). Plasma neutral lipid and phospholipid levels were elevated in migrants, reflecting ...
Rouquette-Jazdanian Alexandre K - - 2002
Cell membranes contain sphingolipids and cholesterol, which cluster together in distinct domains called rafts. The outer-membrane leaflet of these peculiar membrane domains contains glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins, while the inner leaflet contains proteins implicated in signalling, such as the acylated protein kinase p56(lck) and the palmitoylated adaptator LAT (linker for activation of ...
Lee Jong-Ryul - - 2002
Origin Recognition Complex (ORC) is a candidate initiator of chromosomal DNA replication in eukaryotes. We recently reported that cardiolipin inhibits the interaction of Origin Recognition Complex ORC with origin DNA, as is the case of DnaA, the initiator of chromosomal DNA replication in prokaryotes. We report here that another acidic ...
Jezková Jana - - 2002
Adult male Wistar rats were exposed to intermittent high altitude hypoxia of 7000 m simulated in a hypobaric chamber for 8 h/day, 5 days a week; the total number of exposures was 25. The concentration of individual phospholipids and their fatty acid (FA) profile was determined in right (RV) and ...
Mu Huiling - - 2002
Structured TAG (STAG) containing medium-chain FA (MCFA) in the sn-1,3 positions and essential FA in the sn-2 position were synthesized by lipase-catalyzed acidolysis. In our previous studies we found that part of the MCFA from STAG could be absorbed in the small intestine; however, it was unclear how they were ...
Carballeira Néstor M - - 2002
The delta6 monoenoic methoxylated FA (6Z)-2-methoxy-6-heptadecenoic acid and (6Z)-2-methoxy-6-octadecenoic acid were identified for the first time in nature in the phospholipids from the uncommon Caribbean sponge Spheciospongia cuspidifera. These findings expand the occurrence of A6 2-methoxylated FA to C17-C18 chain lengths and establish a new FA biosynthetic possibility for these ...
King David M - - 2002
Bulk shear viscosities were measured with a cone and plate microviscometer as a function of concentration, shear rate, and temperature for lavaged calf lung surfactant (LS), Exosurf, Infasurf, Survanta, and synthetic lipid mixtures dispersed in normal saline. Viscosity increased with phospholipid concentration for all surfactants, but its magnitude and shear ...
Weber Jean Michel - - 2002
The turnover rates of palmitate and oleate were measured in vivo by continuous infusion of 1-[14C]palmitate and 9,10-[3H]oleate in rainbow trout. Our goals were: (1) to quantify the incorporation of a saturated and of a monounsaturated fatty acid into other classes of plasma lipids (neutral lipids, NL, and phospholipids, PL); ...
Bredeston Luis M - - 2002
Pre-steady-state phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of purified and phospholipid-depleted plasma-membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase (PMCA) solubilized in the detergent polyoxyethylene 10 lauryl ether were studied at 25 degrees C. The time course of phosphorylation with ATP of the enzyme associated with Ca(2+), probably the true phosphorylation reaction, showed a fast phase (k(app) near 400 ...
Tuominen Esa K J - - 2002
Binding of cytochrome c (cyt c) to fatty acids and acidic phospholipid membranes produces pronounced and essentially identical changes in the spectral properties of cyt c, revealing conformational changes in the protein. The exact mechanism of the interaction of fatty acids and acidic phospholipids with cyt c is unknown. Binding ...
Martín-Peña G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Fatty acids from the diet or from IV fat emulsions are incorporated into the plasma and cell membrane phospholipids and act as substrates in the synthesis of eicosanoids. This study reports the effect of 2 parenteral lipid emulsions in plasma phospholipids fatty acids. METHODS: A total of 83 patients ...
Antón Rosa - - 2002
In previous studies we observed that normal human epidermis forms 12-oxo-eicosatetraenoic acid (12-oxo-ETE) and hepoxilin B3 (HxB3) as major eicosanoids, both being elevated in psoriasis. We also observed that normal epidermis, in a reaction probably catalyzed by 12-lipoxygenase, only synthesize one of the two possible 10-hydroxy epimers of HxB3. We ...
Teixeira H - - 2002
It is known that ethanol strongly interferes with the development and activity of lactic acid bacteria in wine. In this work, it was observed that membrane composition was dependent of ethanol concentration and cell physiological state. The protein electrophoretic profile was modified in the membranes of Oenococcus oeni cultured in ...
Nakayama Keiji - - 2002
A long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase (Faap) inhibitor, adenosine 5'-hexadecylphosphate (AMPC16), caused lethal plasma membrane damage to Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells as reflected by the leakage of cytoplasmic K+ into medium in which Mg2+ was supplemented at 10 mM. AMPC16 did not interfere with the de novo synthesis of phospholipids using acetyl-CoA as ...
Young S P - - 2001
Adult Refsum disease is an inherited disorder in which phytanic acid accumulates in tissues and serum. Two hypotheses have been proposed to explain the pathogenesis of this condition. The molecular distortion hypothesis suggests that phytanic acid may alter membrane composition and structure, thereby affecting membrane function(s). The anti-metabolite hypothesis suggests ...
Brenner R R - - 2001
Dexamethasone depresses delta6 and delta5 and increases delta9 desaturase and synthase activities. Therefore, we investigated the effect on the fatty acid composition of microsomal liver lipids and phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho) molecular species. After 15 d of treatment we found a notable decrease in arachidonic acid, a small decrease in stearic acid, ...
Strandvik B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the serum phospholipid fatty acid pattern in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) was related to the major cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene mutations. METHODS: Patients with CF (n = 110) aged 3 months to 56 years were studied. Serum samples were analyzed for phospholipid fatty ...
Richardson A J - - 2001
1. Abnormal neuronal membrane phospholipid metabolism is increasingly recognized as being of central importance to a number of neuropsychiatric disorders. Currently, two important indices of membrane phospholipid metabolism tend to be measured: the ratio of the areas of the phosphomonoester (PME) and phosphodiester (PDE) peaks from in vivo cerebral phosphorus ...
Chumak A - - 2001
The monohydroxylated fatty acid content of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 23 cleanup workers and 16 unexposed individuals was studied in relation to their immune status after the Chernobyl accident. Men with absorbed doses below 0.32 Gy showed higher levels of free and esterified 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12-HETE) than unexposed men, ...
Duffin K L - - 2001
Electrospray/tandem mass spectrometry was used to quantify lipid remodeling in mouse liver and plasma during inhibition of polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesis by the delta6 fatty acid desaturase inhibitor, SC-26196. SC-26196 caused increases in linoleic acid and corresponding decreases in arachidonic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in select molecular species of phosphatidylcholine, ...
Dorrance A M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Cell membrane composition and fluidity are altered in hypertension. Previous reports suggest arachidonic acid, a metabolically active fatty acid, is increased in the membranes of hypertensive animals compared to control. This increase in unsaturated fatty acids does not explain the observed reduction in fluidity in hypertensive rats, suggesting some ...
Alessandri J M - - 2001
Alterations in lipid composition occur in the retinal pigment epithelium and photoreceptor cells of the Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) dystrophic rat, a model for inherited retinal degeneration. With respect to lipid composition of nonretinal tissues, the developmental timing of lipid alterations and the incidence of dystrophy are unknown. We ...
Chiu C H - - 2001
The proposed role of calcium-independent phospholipase A(2) (iPLA(2)) in membrane phospholipid homeostasis was tested by examining the perturbation of phosphatidylcholine metabolism by enzyme overexpression. There are alternatively spliced forms of murine iPLA(2) that were widely expressed in mouse tissues: a long form containing exon-9 that is membrane-associated and a short ...
Helge J W - - 2001
This study investigated if prior eccentric contractions, and thus mechanical strain and muscle damage, exert an effect on the muscle membrane phospholipid fatty acid composition in rats, and whether a possible effect could be attenuated by dietary supplements. Twenty-three rats were randomised to three groups who received chow with added ...
Higashino Y - - 2001
Melittin-induced membrane fusion between neutral and acidic phospholipids was examined in liposome systems with a high-sensitivity differential scanning calorimeter. Membrane fusion could be detected by calorimetric measurement by observing thermograms of mixed liposomal lipids. The roles of hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions were investigated in membrane fusion induced by melittin. Melittin, ...
Reynolds L M - - 2001
The fatty acid composition of phospholipids from differentiated human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, human and rat brain tissue and rat brain synaptosomes was determined using high pressure liquid chromatography. Comparison of the fatty acid composition of the cells with that derived from brain tissue identified differences in the cells including a ...
Igal R A - - 2001
The mitochondrial isoform of glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (GPAT), the first step in glycerolipid synthesis, is up-regulated by insulin and by high carbohydrate feeding via SREBP-1c, suggesting that it plays a role in triacylglycerol synthesis. To test this hypothesis, we overexpressed mitochondrial GPAT in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. When GPAT was ...
Ostrander D B - - 2001
Apoptosis has been identified recently as a component of many cardiac pathologies. However, the potential triggers of programmed cell death in the heart and the involvement of specific metabolic pathway(s) are less well characterized. Detachment of cytochrome c from the mitochondrial inner membrane is a necessary first step for cytochrome ...
Araya J - - 2001
The effects of red wine and ethanol on plasma lipoproteins and the fatty acid composition of kidney lipids and erythrocytes phospholipids were studied. Lipid peroxidation is one of the main deleterious effects of oxidant attack on biomolecules, due to the disruption of the structural integrity of membranes. The vulnerability of ...
Sarma A V - - 2001
The mechanism of lubrication in normal human joints depends on loading and velocity conditions. Boundary lubrication, a mechanism in which layers of molecules separate opposing surfaces, occurs under severe loading. This study was aimed at characterizing the phospholipid composition of the adsorbed molecular layer on the surface of normal cartilage ...
Bryan D L - - 2001
Animal and human studies designed to examine the effects of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and linoleic acid (LA) supplementation on the fatty acid composition of plasma and tissues have demonstrated a marked difference in incorporation into phospholipids of these 18-carbon precursors of the long-chain polyunsaturates. Whereas tissue phospholipid levels are linearly ...
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