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Sakai Hiromichi - - 2004
The basidiomycetous mushroom Lentinula edodes (Shiitake) exhibits a unique process of cell differentiation termed "fruiting-body formation". To clarify the relationship between membrane lipids and fruiting-body formation in this fungus, we investigated variations in levels of phospholipids, cerebrosides, fatty acyl residues in the major phospholipids, and fatty acyl and sphingoid base ...
Ross Brian M - - 2003
A variety of biochemical, clinical and genetic evidence suggests that phospholipid metabolism may play an aetiological role in schizophrenia. A key piece of evidence is the reduced vasodilatory response of patients with schizophrenia to nicotinic acid (NA). NA causes vasodilation via the activation of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) leading to the ...
Skosnik P D - - 2003
Schizophrenia (SZ) is a devastating neuropsychiatric disorder affecting 1% of the general population, and is characterized by symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, and blunted affect. While many ideas regarding SZ pathogenesis have been put forth, the majority of research has focused on neurotransmitter function, particularly in relation to altered dopamine ...
Turk Martina - - 2004
The halophilic melanized yeast-like fungi Hortaea werneckii, Phaeotheca triangularis, and the halotolerant Aureobasidium pullulans, isolated from salterns as their natural environment, were grown at different NaCl concentrations and their membrane lipid composition and fluidity were examined. Among sterols, besides ergosterol, which was the predominant one, 23 additional sterols were identified. ...
Jindrichová S - - 2003
Previous studies from our laboratory have indicated that secondary hyperaldosteronism affects phospholipids of rat colonic enterocytes. To assess whether this represents a direct effect of mineralocorticoids on enterocytes, the role of aldosterone and dexamethasone in the regulation of lipid metabolism was examined in Caco-2 cells during development of their enterocyte ...
Justin Anne-Marie - - 2003
Phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) synthase 1 from the plant Arabidopsis thaliana has been expressed in Escherichia coli in order to study the synthetic capacities of the enzyme. Analysis of the total fatty acid content of the bacteria shows that PtdIns synthase activity does not have a profound effect on the proportions of ...
Glew R H - - 2003
The semi-nomadic cattle Fulani of northern Nigeria consume a diet rich in saturated fatty acids. Since the quality of an individual's dietary fat can influence the fatty acid composition of their membrane phospholipids (PL), we investigated the effect consumption of relatively large amounts of saturated fat might have on the ...
Oguri Elisha - - 2003
Phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine are the major constituents of the phospholipid pool in cockroach (Periplaneta americana) fat body and hemolymph. Both species of phospholipid are significantly decreased 6h after injecting hypertrehalosemic hormone I (HTH-I) into the hemocoel. Loss of phospholipid is accompanied by an accumulation of the phospholipid degradation products glycerophosphorylcholine ...
Valencak T G - - 2003
To investigate both seasonal changes and possible intracorporal gradients of phospholipid fatty acid composition, skeletal muscles ( n=124), hearts ( n=27), and livers ( n=34) from free-living brown hares (Lepus europaeus) were analyzed. Phospholipids from both skeletal muscles and heart had a high degree of unsaturation with 66.8+/-0.63% and 65.7+/-0.5% ...
Stark Ken D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare the fatty acid composition of serum phospholipid of premenopausal women with that of postmenopausal women receiving and not receiving hormone replacement therapy (HRT). DESIGN: Women between the ages of 43 and 70 were recruited for two separate case-comparison studies. Participants were grouped as either premenopausal, postmenopausal receiving ...
Stanton Beckye - - 2003
Treatment of chickens as pre-incubation embryos with TCDD or PCB-126 altered fatty acid concentrations in their plasma 21 days later, compared with their oil vehicles (sunflower and corn oils, respectively). TCDD increased the concentrations of total fatty acids, lipid classes (phospholipids and cholesterol ester), fatty acid families (saturated, n-7 and ...
Canet Sylvain - - 2003
In Escherichia coli membranes, three major phospholipids are formed: phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and cardiolipin (CL). We report here the survival of mutants lacking either PE or both PG and CL at an acid pHo and during long-term survival experiments. Stationary phase cultures of E. coli lacking PE are much ...
Burdge Graham C - - 2003
Reduced protein intake during pregnancy decreased maternal hepatic and plasma docosahexaenoic acid concentrations and impaired docosahexaenoic acid accumulation into fetal brain in the rat. The present study investigated whether restriction of maternal protein intake during pregnancy in the rat alters membrane phospholipid fatty acid composition in the offspring after weaning. ...
Yagüe Genoveva - - 2003
A comparative study on phospholipids of Corynebacterium amycolatum, Corynebacterium jeikeium and Corynebacterium urealyticum was carried out using fast-atom bombardment (FAB) and electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry. Data obtained indicate the presence of acylphosphatidylglycerol (APG), diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylinositol (PI) and triacylphosphatidylinositol dimannosides (Ac(3)PIM(2)) in these bacteria. In general, octadecenoyl and ...
Barnathan Gilles - - 2003
Phospholipid class compositions, fatty acids and sterols of the sponges Cinachyrella alloclada and C. kükenthali from the Saudi Arabian Red Sea were studied and compared with previous results for other Cinachyrella spp. collected in Senegal (East Atlantic) and New Caledonia (West Pacific). More than 50 fatty acids were identified as ...
Llorente Antolin M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of docosahexaenoic acid supplementation on plasma phospholipid docosahexaenoic acid content and indices of depression and information processing for women who breast-feed. STUDY DESIGN: Mothers who planned to breast-feed their infants were assigned randomly in a double-masked fashion to receive ...
Bruzzone Ariana - - 2003
The content and composition of phospholipids and triacylglycerols (TAGs) in Bufo arenarum oocytes in stages III and IV of their oogenesis were studied. The total amount of phospholipids in stage IV oocytes is 0.5-fold higher than in stage III oocytes. In both cases, the main phospholipids are phosphatidylcholine (PC) and ...
Fauconnier Marie-Laure - - 2003
Colneleic acid (9-[1'(E),3'(Z)-nonadienyloxy]-8(E)-nonenoic acid) is produced from linoleic acid by the sequential action of 9-lipoxygenase and divinyl ether synthase. We demonstrate that a small fraction of the colneleic acid in potato tubers is esterified in phospholipids. This colneleic acid was released by chemical hydrolysis and a phospholipase A(2), but not ...
Käkelä Reijo - - 2003
Phospholipids (PL) in cerebral cortex from patients with infantile (INCL or CLN1) and juvenile (JNCL or CLN3) forms of neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinosis (NCL) and controls were analysed by normal phase HPLC and on-line electrospray ionization ion-trap mass spectrometric detection (LC-ESI-MS). The method provided quantitative data on numerous molecular species of different ...
Dombrowsky Heike - - 2003
Fatty acid analysis of phospholipid compositions of lung and pancreas cells from a cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) negative mouse (cftr(-/-))suggested that a decreased concentration of docosahexaenoate (22:6(n-3)) and increased arachidonate (20:4(n-6)) may be related to the disease process in cystic fibrosis (CF). Consequently, we have determined compositions of the ...
Viracaoundin I - - 2003
Two tunicates (Eudistoma bituminis and Cystodytes violatinctus, family Polycitoridae) were investigated for the FA content of their phospholipids. GC-MS analysis of their methyl esters and N-acyl pyrrolidides revealed 40 FA in E. bituminis, and 26 in C. violatinctus. In both cases, the most abundant FA were the saturated ones (C10 ...
Funari Sérgio S - - 2003
Fatty acid derivatives are abundant in biological membranes, mainly as components of phospholipids and cholesterol esters. Their presence, free or bound to phospholipids, modulates the lipid membrane behavior. The present study shows the differential influence of the C-18 fatty acids (FAs), oleic, elaidic, and stearic acids on the structural properties ...
Russell Nicholas J - - 2002
The phospholipid composition of Rhodopseudomonas acidophila strain 10050 grown aerobically or anaerobically in the light was determined. The major phospholipids present in the aerobic cells were phosphatidylethanolamine (PE; 54%), phosphatidylglycerol (PG; 24%) and cardiolipin (diphosphatidylglycerol, DPG) (14%), together with phosphatidylcholine (PC; 5%). On moving the cells to anaerobic photosynthetic growth ...
Hammond Linda E - - 2002
Microsomal and mitochondrial isoforms of glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (GPAT; E.C. 2.3.1.15) catalyze the committed step in glycerolipid synthesis. The mitochondrial isoform, mtGPAT, was believed to control the positioning of saturated fatty acids at the sn-1 position of phospholipids, and nutritional, hormonal, and overexpression studies suggested that mtGPAT activity is important for ...
Brooks S - - 2002
Cold acclimation of carp from 30 degrees C to 10 degrees C causes a restructuring of liver microsomal phospholipids characterised by increased proportions of monounsaturated fatty acid in phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). Here, we have used electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) to determine the patterns of alteration to individual ...
Schmidt R - - 2002
Deterioration of pulmonary surfactant function has been reported in interstitial lung disease; however, the molecular basis is presently unclear. We analyzed fatty acid (FA) profiles of several surfactant phospholipid classes isolated from large-surfactant aggregates of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF; n = 12), hypersensitivity pneumonitis (n = 5), and ...
Cordier Michel - - 2002
We quantified seasonal effects on fatty acid composition of tissue phospholipids in farmed sea bass. Major changes in percent phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine were observed in all tissues between February and March, and the phosphatidylcholine/phosphatidylethanolamine ratio was drastically reduced at this time. Different changes in the fatty acid composition of total ...
Giusto N M - - 2002
In this review, changes in brain lipid composition and metabolism due to aging are outlined. The most striking changes in cerebral cortex and cerebellum lipid composition involve an increase in acidic phospholipid synthesis. The most important changes with respect to fatty acyl composition involve a decreased content in polyunsaturated fatty ...
Yao Jeffrey k - - 2002
BACKGROUND: There is evidence for membrane abnormalities in schizophrenia. It is unclear whether the observed membrane deficits in peripheral cells parallel central membrane phospholipid metabolism. To address this question we examined the relations between red blood cell polyunsaturated fatty acids and brain phospholipid metabolites from different regions of interest in ...
Alvarez H M - - 2002
Triacylglycerols (TAG) are fatty acid triesters of glycerol; there are diverse types of TAG with different properties depending on their fatty acid composition. The occurrence of TAG as reserve compounds is widespread among eukaryotic organisms such as yeast, fungi, plants and animals, whereas occurrence of TAG in bacteria has only ...
Glew R H - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to determine the fatty acid composition of the serum phospholipids of children with sickle cell disease (SCD) in Nigeria and to compare the relative fluidity of the acyl chains of the serum phospholipids of controls versus the subjects with SCD. It is widely accepted ...
Markart Philipp - - 2003
Incorporation of pulmonary surfactant into fibrin inhibits its plasmic degradation. In the present study we investigated the influence of surfactant proteins (SP)-A, SP-B, and SP-C on the fibrinolysis-inhibitory capacity of surfactant phospholipids. Plasmin-induced fibrinolysis was quantified by means of a (125)I-fibrin plate assay, and surfactant incorporation into polymerizing fibrin was ...
Lapillonne Alexandre - - 2002
The fatty acid pattern of cheek cell phospholipids has been proposed as a noninvasive marker of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status. However, the cheek cell phospholipid fatty acid pattern has been compared only with that of plasma and erythrocytes. The objective of this study was to assess the extent ...
Martin R E - - 2002
Docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) is highly enriched in the retina. To determine if retinal cells take up and metabolize fatty acids in a specific manner, retinas from Rana pipiens were incubated for 3 h with an equimolar mixture of tritiated 22:6n-3, arachidonic acid (20:4n-6), palmitic acid, and oleic acid. The radiolabeling ...
Gattinger Andreas - - 2002
Phospholipid etherlipid (PLEL) derived isoprenoids and phospholipid fatty acids (PLFA) were determined in eight Euryarchaeotal monocultures for taxonomic profiling. For the first time significant amounts of fatty acids in the PLFA of Euryarchaeota were determined. The PLFA proportion varied between 11.3 and 35.5% of the total phospholipid side chains except ...
Denyer Gareth S - - 2002
The intracellular and intramembrane profiles of fatty acids mirror those of dietary fat intake. The properties of transporter and receptor proteins embedded within cell membranes are influenced by the composition of the phospholipid membrane of cells. Many cell-signalling pathways involve lipids or lipid-derived molecules. Specific fatty acids are increasingly being ...
Piispanen R - - 2002
Variations in the concentration and composition of triacylglycerols, free fatty acids and phospholipids were analyzed in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) trees at five sites. Disks were taken at breast height or at a height of 4 m from the stems of 81 trees differing in diameter and growth rate. ...
Minda Hajnalka - - 2002
The purpose of this review was to systematically evaluate the variability of the fatty acid composition of venous cord blood phospholipids in different populations. In an attempt to review published evidence systematically, we found 19 data sets describing fatty acid composition of venous cord blood phospholipids in 11 European and ...
Guglielmo C G - - 2002
We studied: (1) concentrations and fatty acid compositions of plasma non-esterified fatty acids, neutral lipids, and phospholipids, and (2) fatty acid composition of flight muscle phospholipids in wintering, premigratory, and spring and fall migrating western sandpipers ( Calidris mauri). Plasma neutral lipid and phospholipid levels were elevated in migrants, reflecting ...
Rouquette-Jazdanian Alexandre K - - 2002
Cell membranes contain sphingolipids and cholesterol, which cluster together in distinct domains called rafts. The outer-membrane leaflet of these peculiar membrane domains contains glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins, while the inner leaflet contains proteins implicated in signalling, such as the acylated protein kinase p56(lck) and the palmitoylated adaptator LAT (linker for activation of ...
Lee Jong-Ryul - - 2002
Origin Recognition Complex (ORC) is a candidate initiator of chromosomal DNA replication in eukaryotes. We recently reported that cardiolipin inhibits the interaction of Origin Recognition Complex ORC with origin DNA, as is the case of DnaA, the initiator of chromosomal DNA replication in prokaryotes. We report here that another acidic ...
Jezková Jana - - 2002
Adult male Wistar rats were exposed to intermittent high altitude hypoxia of 7000 m simulated in a hypobaric chamber for 8 h/day, 5 days a week; the total number of exposures was 25. The concentration of individual phospholipids and their fatty acid (FA) profile was determined in right (RV) and ...
Mu Huiling - - 2002
Structured TAG (STAG) containing medium-chain FA (MCFA) in the sn-1,3 positions and essential FA in the sn-2 position were synthesized by lipase-catalyzed acidolysis. In our previous studies we found that part of the MCFA from STAG could be absorbed in the small intestine; however, it was unclear how they were ...
Carballeira Néstor M - - 2002
The delta6 monoenoic methoxylated FA (6Z)-2-methoxy-6-heptadecenoic acid and (6Z)-2-methoxy-6-octadecenoic acid were identified for the first time in nature in the phospholipids from the uncommon Caribbean sponge Spheciospongia cuspidifera. These findings expand the occurrence of A6 2-methoxylated FA to C17-C18 chain lengths and establish a new FA biosynthetic possibility for these ...
King David M - - 2002
Bulk shear viscosities were measured with a cone and plate microviscometer as a function of concentration, shear rate, and temperature for lavaged calf lung surfactant (LS), Exosurf, Infasurf, Survanta, and synthetic lipid mixtures dispersed in normal saline. Viscosity increased with phospholipid concentration for all surfactants, but its magnitude and shear ...
Weber Jean Michel - - 2002
The turnover rates of palmitate and oleate were measured in vivo by continuous infusion of 1-[14C]palmitate and 9,10-[3H]oleate in rainbow trout. Our goals were: (1) to quantify the incorporation of a saturated and of a monounsaturated fatty acid into other classes of plasma lipids (neutral lipids, NL, and phospholipids, PL); ...
Bredeston Luis M - - 2002
Pre-steady-state phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of purified and phospholipid-depleted plasma-membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase (PMCA) solubilized in the detergent polyoxyethylene 10 lauryl ether were studied at 25 degrees C. The time course of phosphorylation with ATP of the enzyme associated with Ca(2+), probably the true phosphorylation reaction, showed a fast phase (k(app) near 400 ...
Tuominen Esa K J - - 2002
Binding of cytochrome c (cyt c) to fatty acids and acidic phospholipid membranes produces pronounced and essentially identical changes in the spectral properties of cyt c, revealing conformational changes in the protein. The exact mechanism of the interaction of fatty acids and acidic phospholipids with cyt c is unknown. Binding ...
Martín-Peña G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Fatty acids from the diet or from IV fat emulsions are incorporated into the plasma and cell membrane phospholipids and act as substrates in the synthesis of eicosanoids. This study reports the effect of 2 parenteral lipid emulsions in plasma phospholipids fatty acids. METHODS: A total of 83 patients ...
Antón Rosa - - 2002
In previous studies we observed that normal human epidermis forms 12-oxo-eicosatetraenoic acid (12-oxo-ETE) and hepoxilin B3 (HxB3) as major eicosanoids, both being elevated in psoriasis. We also observed that normal epidermis, in a reaction probably catalyzed by 12-lipoxygenase, only synthesize one of the two possible 10-hydroxy epimers of HxB3. We ...
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