Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1832
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Wild Damian - - 2003
Earlier studies have shown that modification of the octapeptide octreotide in positions 3 and 8 may result in compounds with increased somatostatin receptor affinity that, if radiolabelled, display improved uptake in somatostatin receptor-positive tumours. The aim of a recent research study in our laboratory was to employ the parallel peptide ...
Yagci Nevin Ozgur - - 2003
Enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) requires an anaerobic-aerobic sequence and short chain fatty acids, namely acetate. It is also known that the presence of nitrate in the anaerobic phase inhibits EBPR. This study describes a lab-scale experimentation carried out to study the effect of different substrates on EBPR and behaviour ...
Gutiérrez C I - - 2003
Tryptophan is required in the pineal gland for the formation of serotonin, precursor of melatonin biosynthesis. The level of this amino acid in the serum and in the pineal gland of the rat undergoes a circadian rhythm, and reduced plasma tryptophan concentration decreases secretion of melatonin in humans. Tryptophan is ...
Iozzo Patricia - - 2003
Increased delivery of circulating free fatty acids (FFA) to the liver has been implicated in the pathogenesis and progression of diabetes. The liver is inaccessible for direct measurement in humans in vivo. We measured liver FFA uptake with positron emission tomography (PET) and 14( R, S)-[(18)F]fluoro-6-thia-heptadecanoic acid ([(18)F]FTHA) in healthy ...
Atshaves Barbara P - - 2003
Sterol carrier protein-2 (SCP-2) and SCP-x are ubiquitous proteins found in all mammalian tissues. Although both proteins interact with fatty acids, their relative contributions to the uptake, oxidation, and esterification of straight-chain (palmitic) and branched-chain (phytanic) fatty acids in living cells has not been resolved. Therefore, the effects of each ...
De Feo Vincenzo - - 2003
Methanolic and aqueous extracts from Valeriana adscendens (Valerianaceae), that previously demonstrated neuroleptic-like properties, were studied for their effects on GABA uptake and amino acid neurotransmitter levels. The methanolic estract showed a significant effect in inhibiting GABA uptake and in decreasing the intracellular content of amino acid neurotransmitters in crude synaptosomes ...
Kim Sang K - - 2003
Alterations of hepatic glutathione level by betaine were observed previously. In this study effects of betaine administration (1000 mg/kg, i.p.) on S-amino acid metabolism in rats and mice were investigated. Hepatic glutathione level decreased rapidly followed by marked elevation in 24 hr. Concentrations of S-adenosylmethionine, S-adenosylhomocysteine, and methionine were increased ...
Magoshi Jun - - 2003
The relation between the uptake of atmospheric CO(2) and insect's production of silk fiber has not yet been reported. Here, we provide the first quantitative demonstrations that four species of silkworms (Bombyx mori, Samia cynthia ricini, Antheraea pernyi, and Antheraea yamamai) and a silk-producing spider (Nephila clavata) incorporate atmospheric CO(2) ...
López-Rodríguez María L - - 2003
A new series of arachidonic acid derivatives were synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of the endocannabinoid uptake. Most of them are able to inhibit anandamide uptake with IC(50) values in the low micromolar range (IC(50) = 0.8-24 microM). In general, the compounds had only weak effects upon CB(1), CB(2), and ...
van der Putten Haidy H A G M - - 2003
We examined the hypothesis that rat fatty acid translocase (rFAT) mediates the cellular uptake of T(3) and other iodothyronines. Uninjected Xenopus laevis oocytes and oocytes injected 4 d previously with rFAT cRNA were incubated for 60 min at 25 C in medium containing 0.01-10 micro M [(125)I]T(3) and 0.1% BSA, ...
Mashek D G - - 2003
The objective was to determine whether net uptake of various nonesterified long chain fatty acids differs in the caprine liver. Caudate lobes were isolated from four mature goats and perfused (1 ml/min x g wet tissue) with buffer containing 0.3 mM of each palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic, linolenic, eicosapentaenoic, and ...
Jansson N - - 2003
The activity and expression of placental nutrient transporters are primary determinants for the supply of nutrients to the fetus, and these nutrients in turn regulate fetal growth. We developed an experimental system to assess amino acid uptake in single primary villous fragments to study hormonal regulation of the amino acid ...
Grafe Franziska - - 2003
Biotin is an essential micronutrient for normal cellular function, growth, and development. Biotin deficiency leads to pathologic, dermatologic, and neurocutaneous manifestations in skin and its appendages. Previous studies described the presence of specific biotin transport systems in the epithelia of the intestine, liver, kidney, and placenta, and in blood mononuclear ...
Blind Per-Jonas - - 2003
A single hepatoma cell line was grown in vitro and incubated with L-2,4 diaminobutyric acid (DAB), a non-metabolizable amino acid, under various conditions. The tumour cells were irreversibly damaged by incubation for 8 hours with 8 mmol/L of DAB. The tumour cell-destroying effect of DAB was dose- and time-dependent with ...
Verberne Hein J - - 2003
Reported metabolic patterns in myocardial stunning are not uniform. We investigated relative myocardial perfusion, glucose and fatty acid uptake using a technetium-99 hexakis-2-methoxyisobutyl-isonitrile (MIBI), fluorine-18 2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) and iodine-125 15-(p-iodo-phenyl)-3(R,S)-methylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) mixture, in a recently developed transgenic (TR) mouse model which mimics stunned myocardium. Twenty-seven mice - 14 TR ...
Persson Jörgen - - 2003
The simultaneous uptake of 13 different amino acids by Scots pine ( Pinus sylvestris L.) was characterized and its regulation investigated after pre-treatments with a range of C and N metabolites. The uptake system exhibited a broad substrate specificity, acquiring all tested amino acids at similar uptake rates. Uptake of ...
Cai Songmin - - 2003
Transport of 5-formyltetrahydrofolate (5-FTHF) into primary cultured cerebellar granule cells (CGC) was studied. Uptake of 5-FTHF into CGC was saturable with K(m)=2.86 microM and V(max)=40.8 pmol/mg protein/45 min in pH 7.4 medium. Uptake of 5-FTHF in the astrocytes has a similar style in the time curve. Uptake of 5-FTHF is ...
Ozaki Takuo - - 2003
We investigated the effect of humic acid and solution pH on the uptake of the radionuclides, (83)Rb, (137)Cs, (54)Mn, (65)Zn, (88)Y, (102)Rh, and (75)Se in rice plants by the multitracer technique. The addition of humic acid to a culture medium containing SiO(2) increased the uptake of Mn and Zn at ...
Thiesen Aducio L - - 2003
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Glucocorticosteroids alter the function of the intestine. This study was undertaken to assess the effect on D-glucose uptake of budesonide (Bud), prednisone (Pred), or dexamethasone (Dex) in animals with a 50% intestinal resection and fed chow or a diet enriched with saturated (SFA) or polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). METHODS: ...
Gimeno Ruth E - - 2003
Fatty acids are a major source of energy for cardiac myocytes. Changes in fatty acid metabolism have been implicated as causal in diabetes and cardiac disease. The mechanism by which long chain fatty acids (LCFAs) enter cardiac myocytes is not well understood but appears to occur predominantly by protein-mediated transport. ...
Barrier Laurence - - 2003
Several experimental studies have shown that acidosis impairs neurotransmitter uptake processes. The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanism underlying acidosis-induced alterations of the high-affinity dopamine (DA) uptake in rat striatal synaptosomes and slices. Acidosis (pH 5.5) performed either by lactic acid or phosphoric acid induced a decrease ...
Hoskisson P A - - 2003
AIMS: This study set out to investigate the effect of amino acids on the uptake of glucose by Micromonospora eichinospora (ATCC 15837). METHODS AND RESULTS: The specific rate of glucose uptake was found to be reduced when organic nitrogen components were present in the medium. Radioactive uptake studies revealed that ...
Kannan Subburaj - - 2003
Fatty acid translocase (FAT)/CD36-mediated long-chain fatty acid uptake in human umbilical vessel endothelial cells is associated with as yet uncharacterized translocase activity. The molecular mechanism of its function is not yet understood. Numerous attempts to purify rat cardiac sarcolemmal E-NTPase (an integral membrane protein also referred to as ecto-Ca(2+)/Mg(2+)ATPase) have ...
Reddy Attipalli Ramachandra - - 2003
The induction of CAM in Pedilanthus tithymaloides (Euphorbiaceae) under water-limited conditions was evaluated by following diurnal oscillations of CO2 fixation, titratable acidity and malic acid content in the leaf extracts. CAM induction was assessed by measuring the activities of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC), NADH-malate dehydrogenase (MDH) and phosphoenolpyruvate caroxykinase (PEPCK) in ...
Chaves Célia Regina M - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate whether a carrier-mediated membrane transport for long chain fatty acid (LCFA) exists in the human intestinal mucosa. METHODS: Biopsies obtained from the small intestine of patients, during routine endoscopies, were incubated for different periods in the presence of [(3)H]oleic acid complexed ...
Nagasawa Kazuki - - 2002
To clarify the uptake mechanism(s) for statins, we examined whether monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) contributed to the uptake of lovastatin acid by rat cultured mesangial cells. Expression of mRNAs for MCT1, 2, and 4 was confirmed in mesangial cells. The uptake of lovastatin acid by mesangial cells increased with decreasing extracellular ...
Allen Jeffrey W - - 2002
Due to ethanol's low potency and low level of toxicity, high amounts of ethanol are consumed to achieve pharmacological effects. Blood levels of ethanol in chronic alcoholics may reach as high as 80-100 mM. We undertook a series of studies to determine if these high levels of ethanol stimulated osmoregulatory ...
Ring Axel - - 2002
This study analyzes the mechanisms of long-chain fatty acid (LCFA) uptake by human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC). The time course revealed the presence of an early, carrier-mediated uptake component and a later component mediated by clathrin-coated vesicles (CCV) and caveolae, as evidenced by three different experimental approaches: 1) significant reduction ...
Tsutsumi Yasuhiro - - 2002
The aim of this study was to understand the mechanisms that underlie the renal elimination of albumin-bound uremic toxins, particularly the highly bound furan acid 3-carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2-furanpropanoic acid (CMPF), that accumulate in chronic renal failure. These toxins inhibit the binding of acidic drugs and have various other untoward effects. The pharmacokinetics ...
Menon Rajeev M - - 2002
Ceftibuten uptake from the apical and basolateral side of Caco-2 cells grown on transwells was studied. Uptake into the cells showed concentration dependent saturation. The apical transporter(s) showed a higher capacity and lower affinity for ceftibuten than the basolateral transporter(s). Uptake was inhibited in the presence of higher pH and ...
Karinch Anne M - - 2002
During chronic metabolic acidosis, renal glutamine utilization increases markedly. We studied the expression of the system N1 (SN1) amino acid transporter in the kidney during chronic ammonium chloride acidosis in rats. Acidosis caused a 10-fold increase in whole kidney SN1 mRNA level and a 100-fold increase in the cortex. Acidosis ...
Rolleman Edgar J - - 2003
As scintigraphy with [(111)In-DTPA(0)]octreotide has become a standard technique in analysing somatostatin receptor-receptor positive lesions such as neuroendocrine tumours, a logical next step is peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT). Initial studies on PRRT were performed with high doses of [(111)In-DTPA(0)]octreotide, and recently other radionuclides coupled to other somatostatin analogues have ...
Sutinen Eija - - 2003
Amino acid transport system A is expressed strongly in neoplastic cells. [ N-methyl-(11)C]alpha-Methylaminoisobutyric acid ((11)C-MeAIB) is a recently developed tracer for PET studies on system A amino acid transport. (11)C-MeAIB is a metabolically stable amino acid analogue which is transported from plasma into the tissue by system A. This study ...
Balakrishnan Anand - - 2002
The objective of this study was to investigate the presence of amino acid transporters on the corneal epithelium and to enhance corneal drug absorption through prodrug modification targeted to the amino acid transporters. SIRC was used as a model cell line representing the corneal epithelium. Uptake studies were carried out ...
Okamura Atsuko - - 2002
1 Nateglinide, a novel oral hypoglycemic agent, rapidly reaches the maximum serum concentration after oral administration, suggesting that it is rapidly absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of this work is to clarify the intestinal absorption mechanism of nateglinide by means of in vitro studies. 2 We examined the ...
Byers David M - - 2002
The bioluminescent marine bacterium, Vibrio harveyi, can utilize exogenous myristic acid (14:0) for beta-oxidation, phospholipid and lipid A synthesis, and as an source of myristyl aldehyde for light emission in the V. harveyi dark mutant M17. A variety of genetic and biochemical strategies were employed in an attempt to isolate ...
Murphy Eric J - - 2002
Although sterol carrier protein-2 (SCP-2) mediates cholesterol esterification in L-cell fibroblasts and stimulates an accumulation of cholesterol in these cells, a potential role for SCP-2 in fatty acid uptake and trafficking has not been appreciated. Certainly, recent experiments have shown that SCP-2 binds fatty acids in vitro with an affinity ...
Kamiya Akio - - 2002
In non-photosynthetic, yellow or colourless mutant cells of Chlorella kessleri, grown with nitrate as sole nitrogen source, blue light inhibited the uptake of the amino acids glycine, proline and arginine and of ammonia in growing cells, while it enhanced the uptake of these amino acids in resting cells. On the ...
Pohl Jürgen - - 2002
We investigated the role of caveolae in uptake and intracellular trafficking of long chain fatty acids (LCFA) in HepG2 human hepatoma cells. The uptake of [(3)H]oleic acid and [(3)H]stearic acid into HepG2 cells was measured by radioactive assays and internalization of the non-metabolizable fluorescent fatty acid 12-(N-methyl)-N-[(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino] (12-NBD) stearate into ...
Furesz T C - - 2002
To study the cationic amino-acid transporter hCAT-2B of human placenta, total RNA was harvested from primary cultured trophoblast and from the BeWo choriocarcinoma cell line (b30 clone) and used for reverse transcription (RT) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Primers based on published sequences identified expression of mRNA for hCAT-2B. RT-PCR ...
Tanudjojo Nurhajati - - 2002
Benzo(alpha)pyrene (BP) and 7,12--dimethylbenz(alpha) anthracene (DMBA) are potent carcinogens for mammals, which are able to affect the normal metabolic processes. The influence both of BP and DMBA to the transport rate of individual 14C labeled amino acids (14C-lysine; 14C-valine; 14C-leucine or 14C-tyrosine) in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain A3 were studied ...
Asola Markku R - - 2002
An amino acid analogue, [(11)C]MeAIB, recently introduced for oncological positron emission tomography (PET) studies, is a highly selective substrate for insulin-sensitive amino acid transport system A. The aim of this study was to study the uptake kinetics of [(11)C]MeAIB in skeletal muscle in the fasting state and during insulin stimulation. ...
Okuno Hiroyuki - - 2002
Overoxidized polypyrrole colloids imprinted with L-lactate were prepared to evaluate the performance of the overoxidation pseudo-template technique developed by the authors. A polypyrrole colloid that had been prepared from a mixture of monomer (pyrrole), dopant (L-lactate), steric stabilizer (poly(vinylpyrrolidone)) and oxidizing agent (peroxodisulfate) was electrochemically overoxidized at +1.5 V vs ...
Konings Wil N - - 2002
The major life-threatening event for lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in their natural environment is the depletion of their energy sources and LAB can survive such conditions only for a short period of time. During periods of starvation LAB can exploit optimally the potential energy sources in their environment usually by ...
Langen Karl-Josef - - 2002
3-[(123)I]Iodo-alpha-methyl-L-tyrosine (IMT) is an artificial amino acid which has gained considerable interest in Nuclear Medicine in the last two decades. Although the tracer is not incorporated into proteins it exhibits high uptake in brain tumors and appears to be a valuable tool especially for the diagnostic evaluation and therapy planning ...
Langen Karl-J - - 2002
The transport mechanisms of cis-4-[(18)F]fluoro-L-proline (cis-FPro) and trans-4-[(18)F]fluoro-L-proline (trans-FPro) were studied in F98 rat glioma cells in comparison to the natural parent [(3)H]-L-proline. Uptake rates of cis-FPro and trans-FPro in F98 glioma cells were 50-70% lower than those of [(3)H]-L-proline. The amino transport system A inhibitor MeAIB reduced the uptake ...
Randall Andrew Amis - - 2002
Eighteen anaerobic/aerobic batch experiments were conducted with a variety of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) on a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) population displaying enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR). A statistically significant (P << 0.01 for all variables) correlation between aerobic phosphorus uptake and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) quantity and form was observed. The ...
Luiken J J F P - - 2002
Cellular long-chain fatty acid uptake is believed to occur largely by protein-mediated transmembrane transport of fatty acids, and also by passive diffusional uptake. It is postulated that the membrane proteins function in trapping of fatty acids from extracellular sources, whereafter their transmembrane translocation occurs by passive diffusion through the lipid ...
Parenti P - - 2002
We have identified three methyl esters that have a potent stimulatory effect on the cotransport system responsible for the absorption of most essential amino acids in the silkworm Bombyx mori. L-Leucine methyl ester, the most powerful activator, determined a large dose-dependent, K(+)-independent increase of leucine uptake into midgut brush border ...
Buyse Marion - - 2002
In the intestine, butyrate constitutes the major energy fuel for colonocytes. However, little is known about the transport of butyrate and its regulation in the intestine. In this study we demonstrate that the monocarboxylate transporter (MCT-1) is apically polarized in model human intestinal epithelia and is involved in butyrate uptake ...
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