Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1831
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Liao Jinfang - - 2005
Uptake of nonesterified long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) into many cell types and organs such as liver, heart, intestine, and skeletal muscle occurs primarily through a saturable, protein-mediated mechanism. Membrane proteins that increase the uptake of LCFAs, such as FAT/CD36 and fatty acid transport proteins, represent significant therapeutic targets for the ...
Kim Su Jeong - - 2004
Their enhanced cell permeability and their ability to mimic DNA structures make modified oligodeoxyribonucleotides (ODNs) very important substances for increasing our understanding of cell biology and for therapeutic applications. Lithocholic acid is a hydrophobic secondary bile acid that is a substrate of nuclear Pregnane X receptor (PXR). We designed and ...
Ziemińska E - - 2004
Rat cerebral nonsynaptic mitochondria were incubated in medium containing 2 mM glutamine (Gln) or 2 mM glutamate (Glu), in the presence of a Gln uptake inhibitor histidine (His) as well as other basic amino acids, lysine and arginine (Lys, Arg) not inhibiting Gln uptake. Subsequently, the mitochondrial contents of Glu ...
Geall Andrew J - - 2004
During the asexual cycle of Plasmodium falciparum within the host erythrocyte, the parasite induces a stage-dependent elevation in the levels of polyamines by increased metabolism and uptake of extracellular pools. Polyamine amides of N-methylanthranilic acid have been synthesized which have embedded within them putrescine, spermidine, or spermine and from a ...
Alamanni F - - 2004
To assess the link between perfusion, metabolism, and function in viable myocardium before and early after surgical revascularisation. Myocardial blood flow (MBF, thermodilution technique), metabolism (lactate, glucose, and free fatty acid extraction and fluxes), and function (transoesophageal echocardiography) were assessed in patients with critical stenosis of the left anterior descending ...
Pohl Jürgen - - 2005
We previously reported that lipid rafts are involved in long-chain fatty acid (LCFA) uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The present data show that LCFA uptake does not depend on caveolae endocytosis because expression of a dominant negative mutant of dynamin had no effect on uptake of [3H]oleic acid, whereas it effectively ...
Di Marzo Vincenzo - - 2004
A new series of anandamide and N-oleoylethanolamine analogs, most of which with aromatic moieties in the head group region, has been synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of anandamide uptake. Some of them efficaciously inhibit the uptake process with K(i) values in the low micromolar range (2.4-21.2microM). Strict structural requisites are ...
Obata Toshihiro - - 2004
We investigated the uptake and bioconcentration of the essential element selenium by a coccolithophorid, Emiliania huxleyi, using [75Se]selenite. The time course of 75Se uptake showed a biphasic pattern, namely a primary phase and a subsequent secondary phase. The primary and secondary phases are due to a rapid selenite uptake process ...
Filser Johannes G - - 2004
The "Tuebingen desiccator," a gas-tight all-glass closed chamber system (CCS), has been established in Herbert Remmer's Institute of Toxicology, University of Tuebingen, to investigate the mechanisms underlying the exhalation of endogenous volatile hydrocarbons in rats under oxidative stress. Remmer and associates confirmed the former view that ethane and n-pentane were ...
Bastie Claire C - - 2004
High levels of intramyocellular triglycerides are linked to insulin resistance and reflect conditions in which fatty acid uptake exceeds the myocyte oxidative capacity. CD36 facilitates fatty acid uptake by myocytes, and its level is increased in diabetic muscle. We examined whether high CD36 levels would increase lipid content and susceptibility ...
Marcaggi Païkan - - 2004
This article reviews how the uptake of neurotransmitter by glial amino acid transporters limits the spatial spread of transmitter to preserve the independent operation of nearby synapses, temporally shapes postsynaptic currents, and regulates the effects of tonic transmitter release. We demonstrate the importance of amino acid uptake and recycling mechanisms ...
Burguière Pierre - - 2004
The symporter YhcL and two ATP binding cassette transporters, YtmJKLMN and YckKJI, were shown to mediate L-cystine uptake in Bacillus subtilis. A triple DeltayhcL DeltaytmJKLMN DeltayckK mutant was unable to grow in the presence of L-cystine and to take up L-cystine. We propose that yhcL, ytmJKLMN, and yckKJI should be ...
Finch Angela M - - 2004
Low birth weight is a major factor in neonatal morbidity and mortality in humans and domestic species and is a predictor of physiological disorders in adulthood. This study utilised the naturally occurring variation in pig fetal size within a uterus to test the hypothesis that placental amino acid transport capability ...
Sun Hong - - 2004
Hepatic clearance of erythromycin (Ery) is significantly reduced in patients with end stage renal disease. Since Ery is primarily eliminated via excretion of unchanged drug in the bile, we suspect that this change could be due to the effect of uremic toxins on hepatic uptake and/or efflux transporters. Using rat ...
Champion E E - - 2004
There is no knowledge of the transport mechanisms by which solutes cross the cat placenta or any other endotheliochorial placenta. Here, we investigated whether the amino acid transport systems beta and A are present in the cat placenta using a placental fragment uptake technique. Data were compared with studies in ...
Tohyama Kimio - - 2004
The present study was aimed at investigating the involvement of mouse organic anion transporting polypeptide 14 (mOatp14) in the uptake of T4 across the blood-brain barrier. Functional expression of mOatp14 in HEK293 cells revealed that T4 and rT3 are high affinity substrates of mOatp14 (Michaelis constant, 0.34 and 0.46 microm, ...
Kneuer Carsten - - 2004
Previously, two different carrier systems for uptake of reduced folates and the antifolate methotrexate (Mtx) were described: the pH-dependent folate sensitive reduced folate carrier 1 (RFC1) from human, hamster and mouse and a sodium-dependent and folate insensitive Mtx carrier-1 (MTX-1) from rat. It was found that all critical residues of ...
Zhang Yanhong - - 2004
S-nitrosothiols have been suggested to play an important role in nitric oxide (NO)-mediated biological events. However, the mechanisms by which an S-nitrosothiol (or the S-nitroso functional group) is transferred across cell membrane are still poorly understood. We have demonstrated previously that the degradation of S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) by cells absolutely required ...
Górecka Monika - - 2004
The aim of this study was to establish whether the rate of fatty acid (FA) incorporation and its utilization by the isolated soleus muscle is modified under conditions of thyroid hormone deficit or excess. The rate of palmitic acid (PA) uptake, oxidation and incorporation into intramuscular lipids with increasing PA ...
Gandhi Mohit D - - 2004
The objective of this study was to investigate the presence of a large neutral amino acid transporter on the ARPE-19 cell line. ARPE-19 cells were grown on 24-well plates for uptake studies. Uptake characteristics of [3H]L-phenylalanine (L-Phe) were determined at various concentrations and pH at 37 degrees C. Inhibition studies ...
Wang Lin-Bo - - 2004
AIM: To investigate the difference of amino acid uptake between normal and cancerous colon tissues. METHODS: Sixteen patients with colon cancer were enrolled in our study. Blood samples were taken during operations, serum amino acid concentrations of blood from cancerous or normal colon were analyzed. Amino acid uptake rate was ...
Swiatek Agnieszka - - 2004
Jasmonic acid and methyl jasmonate play an essential role in plant defense responses and pollen development. Their levels are temporarily and spatially controlled in plant tissue. However, whereas jasmonate biosynthesis is well studied, metabolic pathways downstream of jasmonic acid are less understood. We studied the uptake and metabolism of jasmonic ...
Pasini Evasio - - 2004
Data show that uptake of amino acids correlates with myocardial oxygen consumption after aortic cross-clamp in humans; this suggests a direct link between amino acids and myocardial energy metabolism. The aim of this preliminary study was to investigate the anti-ischemic effects of immediate and long-term supplementation of an amino acid ...
Pohl Jürgen - - 2004
This study investigates the role of lipid rafts and caveolae, a subclass of lipid raft microdomains, in the binding and uptake of long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) by 3T3-L1 cells during differentiation. Disruption of lipid rafts by beta-cyclodextrin (betaCD) or selective inhibition of caveolae by overexpression of a dominant-negative mutant of ...
Dahlman Lena - - 2004
In order to learn more about nitrogen (N) acquisition in lichens, and to see whether different lichens differ in their affinity to various N sources, N uptake was measured in 14 various lichen associations ("species"). These species represented various morphologies (fruticose or foliose), contrasting microhabitat preferences (epiphytic or terricolous), and ...
Fang Jiasong - - 2004
The biochemistry of piezophilic bacteria is unique in that piezophiles produce polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). A pertinent question is if piezophilic bacteria synthesize PUFA de novo, through dietary uptake, or both. This study was undertaken to examine the biosynthesis and cellular uptake of PUFAs by piezophilic bacteria. A moderately piezophilic ...
Prante Olaf - - 2004
The radiopharmaceutical 3-[(123)I]iodo-alpha-methyl-L-tyrosine ([(123)I]IMT) can be used to study amino acid transport by single-photon emission tomography (SPET). In order to evaluate the potential contribution of [(123)I]IMT accumulation in macrophages to overall uptake values measured in neoplastic lesions in vivo, we studied the mechanisms governing the uptake of this tracer by ...
Fujii Nozomu - - 2004
Abnormalities in energy metabolism may play an important role in the development of hypertensive heart failure. However, the transition from compensated hypertrophy to heart failure is not fully understood in terms of energy metabolism. In Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) and salt-resistant (DR) rats, myocardial fatty acid and glucose uptake values were ...
Grafe Franziska - - 2004
In the skin, taurine acts as an important osmolyte required for keratinocyte hydration. It has antioxidant effects, protects cells from UV-induced stress and has effects on cell proliferation, inflammation and collagenogenesis. This study was performed to find and characterize functionally a taurine transport system in keratinocytes and to establish a ...
Soksawatmaekhin Waraporn - - 2004
The functions of the putative cadaverine transport protein CadB were studied in Escherichia coli. CadB had both cadaverine uptake activity, dependent on proton motive force, and cadaverine excretion activity, acting as a cadaverine-lysine antiporter. The Km values for uptake and excretion of cadaverine were 20.8 and 303 microM respectively. Both ...
Nozawa Takashi - - 2004
Mouse PAT1 (putative anion transporter, CEFX, slc26a6), an orthologue of human SLC26A6, was recently identified at the intestinal brush-border membrane and shown to transport organic anions such as formate and oxalate, as well as inorganic ions. In this study, we conducted functional characterization of the uptake of formate by HEK293 ...
Khullar Sulekha - - 2004
Based on evidence that thiol and tyrosine reagents inhibit some amino acid transporters, we tested the hypothesis that NO- and O2- -derived free radicals would impair nutrient uptake by the human placenta. Syncytiotrophoblast microvillous plasma membrane vesicles (MVM) and placental villous fragments were exposed to the drug SIN-1 in the ...
Bushnell David - - 2004
Y-90-DOTA-Phe1-Tyr3-Octreotide (90Y-SMT 487, OctreoTher) has shown potential for effectively treating patients with neuroendocrine tumors. The dose-limiting organ for this agent is the kidney. The purpose of this work is to assess the effectiveness of a commercially available amino acid solution on reducing renal uptake of 90Y-SMT 487 and determine the ...
Metzner Linda - - 2004
Several proline derivatives such as L-azetidine-2-carboxylic acid, cis-4-hydroxy-L-proline, and 3,4-dehydro-DL-proline prevent procollagen from folding into a stable triple-helical conformation, thereby reducing excessive deposition of collagen in fibrotic processes and the growth of tumors. This study was performed to investigate whether the recently discovered human proton-coupled amino acid transporter 1 (hPAT1) ...
Henriksen Gjermund - - 2004
The present study explores the use of alpha-particle-emitting, bone-seeking agents as candidates for targeted radiotherapy. Actinium and thorium 1,4,7,10 tetraazacyclododecane N,N',N'',N''' 1,4,7,10-tetra(methylene) phosphonic acid (DOTMP) and thorium-diethylene triamine N,N',N'' penta(methylene) phosphonic acid (DTMP) were prepared and their biodistribution evaluated in conventional Balb/C mice at four hours after injection. All three ...
Shikano Naoto - - 2004
Recently, complementary DNA (cDNA) encoding a p-aminohippurate (PAH) transporter designated rat organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1) was isolated. OAT1, a multispecific organic anion transporter at the basolateral membrane, is exclusively expressed in the middle segment of the proximal tubule in the rat kidney. It has been proposed that OAT1 is ...
Agte Vaishali Vilas - - 2004
In vitro zinc uptake by human erythrocytes was studied under a range of zinc concentrations representing three different plasma zinc levels i.e., zinc deficient [0.35-0.61 ppm], zinc normal [0.74-1.59 ppm], and zinc excess [1.65-2.3 ppm]. Further, interactions of physiological levels of riboflavin, flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), nicotinic acid, nicotinamide adenine ...
Savary-Auzeloux I - - 2003
Splanchnic metabolism of nitrogenous nutrients and their uptake by the hind limb were studied in finishing lambs receiving ryegrass harvested at grazing stage with or without barley supplementation. Six multicatheterized lambs (40.2 +/- 1.5 kg) were fed with frozen ryegrass (RG) at 690 kJ of ME intake (MEI) x d(-1) ...
El-Saadani Muhammad A M - - 2003
Peptide fractions were isolated from venoms of the Egyptian snake Naja haje haje (cobra BPP) and the scorpions Buthus occitanus (BPP(B)) and Leirus quenquestriatus (BPP(L)). The pharmacological effects of these peptides were bioassayed and showed bradykinin potentiating activities. Amino acid analysis revealed that 14 amino acids contribute to the structure ...
Jóźwik Maciej - - 2004
Eight pregnant sheep were infused with two amino acid mixtures of different composition: essential amino acids only and the essentials plus some of the nonessentials. Uterine and umbilical uptakes of amino acids were measured before and during infusion. For most of the amino acids, the infusion increased both maternal plasma ...
Thiesen A - - 2003
Glucocorticosteroids enhance absorptive functions of the intestine. This study was undertaken to assess the influence of budesonide (BUD), prednisone (PRED), or control vehicle in rats fed either a saturated fatty acid diet (SFA) or a polyunsaturated fatty acid diet (PUFA), on the uptake of sugars. Steroids increased the uptake of ...
Wilkes Paul T - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: In a previous study, the coinfusion into the maternal circulation of lysine and several other amino acids failed to increase significantly lysine umbilical uptake. The purpose of this study was to determine whether umbilical lysine uptake can be increased by infusing a lysine solution that does not contain any ...
Chen Nianhang - - 2003
It is known that arachidonic acid, in addition to promoting release of dopamine, can inhibit its transport. The present study provides preliminary information on structure-activity relationships for uptake inhibition by rotating disk voltammetry in human embryonic kidney-293 cells expressing the human dopamine transporter. Except for anandamide, all other fatty acids ...
Peppler Jessica E - - 2003
Integumentary uptake of [3H]-L-histidine by Nereis succinea was measured in the presence and absence of selected heavy metals and the amino acid L-leucine in 60% artificial seawater (ASW). The time course of 10 microM [3H]-L-histidine uptake into worms over a 60 min incubation was approximately doubled in the presence of ...
Speake P F - - 2003
Cord blood levels of nitrate/nitrite, as a measure of nitric oxide (NO), are generally increased in preeclampsia. As L-arginine is the precursor for NO synthesis, we hypothesized that L-arginine transport across the syncytiotrophoblast basal plasma membrane (BM) of placentas from preeclamptic patients is also increased. Glutamine-sensitive and -insensitive [(3)H]L-arginine uptakes ...
Bar Nun Nurit - - 2003
The appearance of the activity of the cyanide insensitive, alternative oxidase (AOX), pathway of oxygen uptake was followed in seeds of Orobanche aegyptiaca during conditioning. The pathway becomes operative during conditioning, up to day three as determined by inhibition of oxygen uptake of the seeds by propyl gallate. At the ...
Fan Xinqing - - 2003
Leptin treatment of ob/ob mice leads to weight loss appreciably greater than that in pair-fed mice. To test whether this "extra" weight loss is mediated by leptin-induced alterations in nutrient partitioning, the effects in ob/ob mice of subcutaneous leptin infusion (500 ng/h for <or=21 d) on adipocyte fatty acid uptake ...
Takahama Umeo - - 2003
Human saliva, which contains nitrite, is normally mixed with gastric juice, which contains ascorbic acid (AA). When saliva was mixed with an acidic buffer in the presence of 0.1 mM AA, rapid nitric oxide formation and oxygen uptake were observed. The oxygen uptake was due to the oxidation of nitric ...
Nagasawa Kazuki - - 2003
We previously indicated that lovastatin acid, a 3-hydroxyl-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor, was transported by a monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) in cultured rat mesangial cells. In this study, to identify the MCT isoform(s) responsible for the lovastatin acid uptake, the transport mechanism was investigated using bovine kidney NBL-1 cells, which ...
Wild Damian - - 2003
Earlier studies have shown that modification of the octapeptide octreotide in positions 3 and 8 may result in compounds with increased somatostatin receptor affinity that, if radiolabelled, display improved uptake in somatostatin receptor-positive tumours. The aim of a recent research study in our laboratory was to employ the parallel peptide ...
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