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Results 101 - 150 of 1832
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Zambonin Laura - - 2012
Caffeic, syringic, and protocatechuic acids are phenolic acids derived directly from food intake or come from the gut metabolism of polyphenols. In this study, the antioxidant activity of these compounds was at first evaluated in membrane models, where caffeic acid behaved as a very effective chain-breaking antioxidant, whereas syringic and ...
Bowlby Sarah C - - 2012
Tumor cells have increased metabolic requirements to maintain rapid growth. In particular, a highly lipogenic phenotype is a hallmark of many tumor types, including prostate. Cancer cells also have increased turnover of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)), a coenzyme involved in multiple metabolic pathways. However, a specific role for NAD(+) in ...
Orlandi Ivan - - 2012
ACH1 encodes a mitochondrial enzyme of Saccharomyces cerevisiae endowed with CoA-transferase activity. It catalyzes the CoASH transfer from succinyl-CoA to acetate generating acetyl-CoA. It is known that ACH1 inactivation results in growth defects on media containing acetate as a sole carbon and energy source which are particularly severe at low ...
Pearson Claire C Division of Immune Cell Biology, MRC National Institute for Medical Research, The Ridgeway, Mill Hill, London, United - - 2012
IL-7 signalling is important in regulating both survival and cellular size (growth) of T cells. While glucose metabolism has previously been implicated in the mechanism of IL-7 induced survival and growth, the role of amino acids has not before been reported. Here, we show IL-7 dependent T cell survival does ...
Datta Sougata - - 2011
A novel salicylideneaniline type fluorescent organogelator based on a 3,4,5-(tri-dodecyloxy)benzoyl group immobilizes aromatic solvents. The resulting gels show enhancement in emission and thermochromic/non-photochromic behaviour during sol-to-gel transition.
Soto Ana Maria - - 2011
Methylene blue can be used as a stain for visualizing nucleic acids in polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. However, its relatively low sensitivity and reversible binding make it a temporary stain that diffuses from the gel relatively fast. Here we describe a very simple method for fixing methylene blue bands in nucleic ...
Li Ailing - - 2011
The possibility of using phytic acid as a precursor to synthesize CaO-P(2)O(5)-SiO(2) glasses by sol-gel method has been explored and the pseudo ternary phase diagram has been established. It was shown that gel-glasses over a broader range of compositions could be prepared compared to other phosphorus precursors or melt-quenching method. ...
Faraji Amir H - - 2011
Electroosmosis is the bulk fluid flow initiated by application of an electric field to an electrolyte solution in contact with immobile objects with a nonzero ζ-potential such as the surface of a porous medium. Electroosmosis may be used to assist analytical separations. Several gel-based systems with varying electroosmotic mobilities have ...
El-Dakdouki Mohammad H - - 2011
Highly stable colloidal hyaluronic acid coated magnetic nano-particles were prepared via a ligand exchange method. These particles exhibited excellent cell labeling efficiencies and superior potential as MRI contrast agents, which are useful to target tumor cells expressing hyaluronic acid receptors such as CD44.
Yilmaz Elif - - 2011
Candida rugosa lipase was encapsulated within a sol-gel procedure and improved considerably by fluoride-catalyzed hydrolysis of mixtures of octyltriethoxysilane and tetraethoxysilane in the presence of magnetic sporopollenin. The catalytic properties of the immobilized lipases were evaluated into model reactions, i.e., the hydrolysis of p-nitrophenylpalmitate (p-NPP), and the enantioselective hydrolysis of ...
Choi Sei-Hyun - - 2011
UDP-2F-glucuronic acid was synthesized and analyzed as a mechanistic probe to investigate the ring contraction step catalyzed by UDP-d-apiose/UDP-d-xylose synthase (AXS).
Yamamoto Sachio - - 2011
A method for the simultaneous concentration and separation of weak acids using an acidic polyacrylamide gel, fabricated in the microfluidic channel of a commercial poly(methyl methacrylate)-made microchip, is reported. This approach is based on simple photochemical copolymerization for the fabrication of a permselective preconcentrator. The intersection of the poly(methyl methacrylate)-made ...
Prado Alexandre Gustavo Soares - - 2011
Hexagonal mesoporous sílica modified with carboxylic acid (SiAc) has been obtained by reaction between chloroacetic acid and 3-aminopropyltrimetoxysilane, which was immobilized on porous by sol-gel process in the presence of n-dodecylamine template. SiAc was characterized by TG, FT-IR, 29Si-NMR, 13C-NMR, SEM, surface charge density, surface area and porous diameter, which ...
Ince S - - 2011
1 The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of boric acid on contractions of rat isolated ileum. 2 Contractile responses expressed as E(max) and pD(2) for acetylcholine (10(-3) -10(-8)  m, Ach), bethanechol (10(-3) -10(-8)  m) and potassium (10-80 × 10(-3)  m, KCl) were determined in the absence and presence ...
Komatsu Harunobu - - 2011
Supramolecular hydrogels constructed through molecular self-assembly of small molecules have unique stimuli-responsive properties; however, they are mechanically weak in general, relative to conventional polymer gels. Very recently, we developed a zwitterionic amino acid tethered amphiphilic molecule 1, which gave rise to a remarkably stiff hydrogel comparable with polymer-based agarose gel, ...
Svobodová Hana - - 2011
An efficient synthesis of three novel stigmasterol-amino acid (glycine, l-leucine and l-phenylalanine) conjugates as stimuli responsive gelators is reported. The gelation properties of the prepared compounds were investigated in a variety of organic as well as aqueous solvents. The most striking finding of our investigation was that the hydrochloride salts ...
Schmelzle M - - 2011
Arachidonic acid and related cardioprotective eicosanoids are released in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. The present study analyzes the effects of the eicosapentaenoic acid derived 17,18-epoxyeicostetraenoic acid on isolated cardiomyocytes and investigates whether 17,18-epoxyeicostetraenoic acid serves as a potential factor in the cardio-depressant postischemic effluent. After 10 minutes of global ex vivo ...
Moradi Amir - - 2011
Loss of volume in the temple can result in a gaunt, wasted appearance. Dermal filler augmentation of the temples can counteract volume loss and achieve a more balanced and youthful appearance. Although the temporal fossa is a critical area for volume restoration of the aging face, published information is limited. ...
Falck John R - - 2011
17(R),18(S)-epoxyeicosatetraenoic acid [17(R),18(S)-EETeTr], a cytochrome P450 epoxygenase metabolite of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), exerts negative chronotropic effects and protects neonatal rat cardiomyocytes against Ca(2+)-overload with EC(50) ≈ 1-2 nM. Structure-activity studies revealed that a cis-Δ(11,12)- or Δ(14,15)-olefin and a 17(R),18(S)-epoxide are minimal structural elements for antiarrhythmic activity whereas antagonist activity was ...
Xia Jun - - 2011
A series of novel 2-[(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)oxy]-3,3-diphenyl butyric acid derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their antagonistic activity for endothelin-1-induced contraction in rabbit aorta. Within this series of compounds, 2-[(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)oxy]-3-cyano-3,3-diphenylpropionic acid (4) displays comparable potency with ambrisentan (1), and warrants further investigation.
Löfman Miika - - 2011
A series of amino- and hydroxyalkyl amides of bile acids have been synthesized and characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), as well as electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) measurements. The ability of the synthesized molecules to promote gel formation was systematically ...
Harris Diane M - - 2012
The rationale of this dose matching/dose escalating study was to compare a panel of flavonoids-luteolin, resveratrol, and quercetin-against the metabolite flux-controlling properties of a synthetic targeted fatty acid synthase inhibitor drug C75 on multiple macromolecule synthesis pathways in pancreatic tumor cells using [1,2-(13)C(2)]-d-glucose as the single precursor metabolic tracer. MIA ...
Bendena William G - - 2011
Previous studies in Drosophila melanogaster have demonstrated that biosynthesis and regulation of juvenile hormone bisepoxide (JHB(3)) may not be coordinated with that of juvenile hormone (JH III). In the present study, we have used the radiochemical assay to confirm the coordinated developmental sesquiterpenoid profile during adult life and analyze the ...
Kiyota Ryutaro - - 2011
The fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea Drury (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae), is a harmful polyphagous defoliator. Female moths produce the following four pheromone components in a ratio of about 5:4:10:2; (9Z,12Z)-9,12-octadecadienal (I), (9Z,12Z,15Z)-9,12,15-octadecatrienal (II), cis-9,10-epoxy-(3Z,6Z)-3,6-henicosadiene (III), and cis-9,10-epoxy-(3Z,6Z)-1,3,6-henicosatriene (IV). Although (13)C-labeled linolenic acid was not converted into trienal II at the pheromone glands ...
Dong Linjie - - 2011
Covalent attachment of palmitic acid or other fatty acids to the thiol groups of cysteine residues of proteins through reversible thioester bonds has an important role in the regulation of diverse biological processes. We describe here the development of a mass spectrometry protocol based on stable isotope-coded fatty acid transmethylation ...
Eghianruwa Queensley - - 2011
A lectin (LEL) was isolated from the fresh fruiting bodies of the shiitake mushroom Lentinula edodes by a combination of gel filtration chromatography on Sephadex G-150 and affinity chromatography on an N-acetyl-Dgalactosamine-Sepharose 4B column. Its molecular mass, as determined by gel filtration, was estimated to be 71, 000 Daltons and ...
Habata I - - 2010
With 8 figures and 3 tables SUMMARY: The functional properties of sialic acids appear to be manifold. Therefore, they are considered as essential components of saliva. In this study, the localization of sialoglycoconjugates in the submandibular glands of Japanese miniature (Shiba) goat was examined by light and electron microscopic histochemical ...
Romanias Manolis N - - 2010
The adsorption of formic acid on thin ice films and on ice doped with nitric acid (1.96, 7.69 and 53.8 wt %) is studied as a function of temperature T=195-211 K and gas concentration (0.33-10.6)×10(11) molecule cm(-3). Experiments are performed in a Knudsen flow reactor coupled with a quadrupole mass spectrometer. The ...
Dwivedi S - - 2010
Simulated pot experiments were conducted on four rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes (Triguna, IR-36, PNR-519, and IET-4786) to examine the effects of As(V) on amino acids and mineral nutrient status in grain along with antioxidant response to arsenic exposure. Rice genotypes responded differentially to As(V) exposure in terms of amino ...
Ellwood Michael J - - 2010
Reconstruction of nutrient concentrations in the deep Southern Ocean has produced conflicting results. The cadmium/calcium (Cd/Ca) data set suggests little change in nutrient concentrations during the last glacial period, whereas the carbon isotope data set suggests that nutrient concentrations were higher. We determined the silicon isotope composition of sponge spicules ...
Ramírez-Pinilla Martha Patricia - - 2011
Mabuya skinks have the most specialized allantoplacenta and the greatest degree of placentotrophy known among the Reptilia. Their recently ovulated eggs are microlecithal (1-2 mm) and lack fatty yolk platelets; thus, virtually all of the nutrients for embryonic development must pass across the placenta. We quantified the net uptake of nutrients ...
Qian Shuguang - - 2011
Sex pheromones of moths are largely classified into two types based on the presence (Type I) or absence (Type II) of a terminal functional group. While Type-I sex pheromones are synthesized from common fatty acids in the pheromone gland (PG), Type-II sex pheromones are derived from hydrocarbons produced presumably in ...
Zhao Hai-Lu - - 2010
In skeletal muscle cells, insulin stimulates cytoskeleton actin remodeling to facilitate the translocation of glucose transporter GLUT4 to plasma membrane. Defect of insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation and actin remodeling may cause insulin resistance. Free fatty acids cause insulin resistance in skeletal muscle. The aim of this study was to investigate the ...
Shetty Dinesh - - 2010
We developed amino acid derivatives of 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,7-diacetic acid (DO2A) and 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,-triacetic acid (DO3A) that can be labeled with (68)Ga, and we investigated their basic biological properties. Alanine derivatives of DO2A and DO3A were synthesized by regiospecific nucleophilic attack of DO2tBu and DO3tBu on the β-position of Boc-l-serine-β-lactone, followed by acid ...
Huang Yu-Chuan - - 2010
In an effort to investigate the effect and mechanism of Poria cocos on glucose uptake, six lanostane-type triterpenoids were isolated and analyzed. Among them, pachymic acid displayed the most significant stimulating activity on glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The effect of pachymic acid on the expression profile of glucose transporters ...
Rasmussen Nicolaj - - 2010
Several fatty acids and lysolipids have been shown earlier to increase the permeability of membranes of artificial liposomes, thereby increasing the release of drugs such as doxorubicin (Dox) contained within them. Free fatty acids can also inhibit cancer cell growth in vitro, and it has been suggested that this inhibition ...
Selvi Radhakrishnan - - 2010
According to studies earlier, amino acids have proven to be antidiabetic, antiglycating, and anticataractogenic. The present study was to explore whether amino acids as mixtures could enhance glucose uptake in CHO-K1 cells specifically. The cells in F-12K1 serum-free medium were exposed to normal (7 mM) and high glucose (12, 17 ...
Peng Qi - - 2010
Phenylboronic acid-modified PEI was prepared by the reaction of 1800 Da PEI with 4-(bromomethyl)phenylboronic acid. It is much more effective than unmodified PEI for gene delivery. The covalently incorporated boronic acid groups achieve the greatly enhanced gene delivery efficiency partially through improving condensation ability to DNA, and partially through facilitating ...
Stoelken Gunda - - 2010
To investigate the impact of organic N compounds for inorganic nitrogen uptake in the rhizosphere, we fed ammonium nitrate with or without amino acids (i.e., glutamine or arginine) to the roots of non-mycorrhizal beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) seedlings under controlled conditions at different levels of N availability. Uptake of individual ...
Akbar Raza Ali - - 2010
Metastatic bone disease is a common problem in patients with advanced cancer causing significant morbidity and poor quality of life. Effective and less toxic treatments, like bisphophonates, can reduce morbidity in such cases. The objectives of this study were to determine whether Zoledronic acid was administered in accordance with current ...
Karmi Anna - - 2010
To test whether brain fatty acid uptake is enhanced in obese subjects with metabolic syndrome (MS) and whether weight reduction modifies it. We measured brain fatty acid uptake in a group of 23 patients with MS and 7 age-matched healthy control subjects during fasting conditions using positron emission tomography (PET) ...
Connelly Brandon M - - 2010
A high vacuum Knudsen flow reactor was used to determine the reactive uptake coefficient, gamma, of isoprene on sulfuric acid films as a function of sulfuric acid weight percent, temperature, and relative humidity. No discernible dependence was observed for gamma over the range of temperatures (220 - 265 K) and ...
Simon Kevin S - - 2010
The Bear Brook Watershed in Maine (BBWM) is a long-term, paired watershed experiment that addresses the effects of acid and nitrogen (N) deposition on whole watersheds. To examine stream response at BBWM, we synthesized data on organic matter dynamics, including leaf breakdown rates, organic matter inputs and standing stocks, macroinvertebrate ...
Morre James - - 2010
ABSTRACT. Epidemiological and laboratory studies suggest that dietary fatty acids (oleic acid (in olive oil), eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acids (DHA) (in fish oil)) play important roles in carcinogenesis. The most potent antitumor effects of all fatty acids are given by fatty acid conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). The antitumor effects ...
Kindel Tammy - - 2010
The purpose of this review is to update the reader on our current understanding of the uptake and secretion of dietary lipid by the enterocyte to the periphery. This is a multi-stage process that first involves luminal digestion, followed by cellular uptake and processing, and subsequent extracellular transport of chylomicrons. ...
Jacquier Nicolas - - 2010
Fatty acids constitute an important energy source for various tissues. The mechanisms that mediate and control uptake of free fatty acids from the circulation, however, are poorly understood. Here we show that efficient fatty-acid uptake by yeast cells requires the protein kinase Ypk1, the orthologue of the human serum- and ...
Sreenivasulu Kilari - - 2010
The effect of red wine (RW), red grape juice (RGJ), green tea (GT), and representative polyphenols on Caco-2 cell (65)Zn uptake was explored. RW, RGJ, and GT enhanced the uptake of zinc from rice matrix. Fractionation of RW revealed that enhancing activity of zinc uptake was exclusively resided in the ...
Chardwiriyapreecha Soracom - - 2010
We identified SPBC1685.07c of Schizosaccharomyces pombe as a novel vacuolar protein, Avt5p, with similarity to vacuolar amino acid transporters Avt5p from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Avt5p localizes to the vacuolar membrane and upon disruption of avt5, uptake of histidine, glutamate, tyrosine, arginine, lysine or serine was impaired. During nitrogen starvation, the transient ...
Luo Shuanghui - - 2010
HEPES has been widely employed as an organic buffer agent in cell culture medium as well as uptake and transport experiments in vitro. However, concentrations of HEPES used in such studies vary from one laboratory to another. In this study, we investigated the effect of HEPES on the uptake and ...
Wang Lin - - 2010
The heterogeneous interaction of alkylamines with sulfuric acid has been investigated to assess the role of amines in aerosol growth through the formation of alkylaminium sulfates. The kinetic experiments were conducted in a low-pressure fast flow reactor coupled to an ion drift-chemical ionization mass spectrometer (ID-CIMS). The measurements of heterogeneous ...
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