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Makino Akira - - 2012
Polymeric micelle, "Lactosome", is composed of amphiphilic polydepsipeptide with a hydrophobic block of helical poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) and a hydrophilic block of poly(sarcosine). Lactosome was labeled by incorporation of poly(lactic acid) having a near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) chromophore, and studied on blood clearance and tumor imaging. In vivo blood clearance time ...
Sanadgol Nima - - 2012
The amount and type of fatty acids (FAs) in the diet influence the risk of atherosclerosis. Palmitic acid and linoleic acid exist at high levels in Iranian edible oils. In this study, we investigated the effect of palmitic acid and linoleic acid on expression of soluble and cell-associated forms of ...
Cubero Francisco Javier - - 2012
Kupffer cells are a key source of mediators of alcohol-induced liver damage such as reactive oxygen species, chemokines, growth factors, and eicosanoids. Since diets rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids are a requirement for the development of alcoholic liver disease, we hypothesized that polyunsaturated fatty acids could synergize with ethanol to ...
Oishi Toshiyuki - - 2012
PURPOSE: We previously developed medaka non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) model. The model showed similar histology with human NASH so we analyzed the effect of drug using medaka NASH activity score (MNAS). In this study we analyzed the effect of ezetimibe, a small intestine cholesterol transporter inhibitor, on NASH. METHODS: Medaka NASH ...
Hamazaki T - - 2012
Cartilage contains high levels of n-9 eicosatrienoic acid (20:3n-9) but no blood vessels. 20:3n-9 might inhibit angiogenesis. Angiogenesis was measured in human umbilical vein endothelial cells and diploid fibroblasts. Co-culture was performed with vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A, 10 ng/mL) and fatty acids (0.1-10 μmol/L). After 10 days of incubation ...
Zhang Ping - - 2012
Ursolic acid (UA) has antiinflammatory and anticancer effects on mammalian cells. Increase in acid sphingomyelinase (SMase) is associated with several inflammatory diseases including inflammatory bowel diseases. The enzyme has become a target for drug discovery. The present study examined the roles of UA on acid SMase in intestinal cells. We ...
Keller Markus A - - 2012
The lack of fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase function in Sjögren Larsson Syndrome (SLS) patient cells not only impairs the conversion of fatty aldehydes into their corresponding fatty acid but also has an effect on connected pathways. Alteration of the lipid profile in these cells is thought to be responsible for severe ...
Luo Yi - - 2012
Immunosuppressant cyclosporine A (CsA) treatment can cause severe side effects. Patients taking immunosuppressant after organ transplantation often display hyperlipidemia and obesity. Elevated levels of free fatty acids have been linked to the etiology of metabolic syndromes, nonalcoholic fatty liver and steatohepatitis. The contribution of free fatty acids to CsA-induced toxicity ...
Schneider Anne-Catherine - - 2012
Dietary oils containing large amounts of conjugated linolenic acids (CLnA) may be regarded as a source of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA), which have been suspected to bear health-promoting properties. Indeed, CLnA can be converted into CLA in mammals. The objective of the present study was to investigate the uptake of ...
Sung Jin-Hee - - 2012
Ferulic acid exerts a neuroprotective effect through its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammation properties. Parvalbumin has calcium buffering capacity and protects neuronal cells from cytotoxic Ca(2+) overload. This study investigated whether ferulic acid regulates parvalbumin expression in cerebral ischemia and glutamate toxicity-induced neuronal cell death. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were immediately treated with ...
Pal Dilipkumar - - 2012
Hydroxamic acid is a potent moiety not only in the field of cancer therapy but also as a mutagenic agent. Among the various derivatives of hydroxamic acid, SAHA (Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid) is considered as a potent anticancer agent. Scientists from the different corner synthesized different hydroxamic acid moieties with some ...
Palte Michael J MJ Medical Scientist Training Program, Molecular & Cellular Pharmacology Graduate Training Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, - - 2012
Mammalian cells resist the uptake of nucleic acids. The lipid bilayer of the plasma membrane presents one barrier. Here, we report on a second physicochemical barrier for uptake. To create a sensitive probe for nucleic acid-cell interactions, we synthesized fluorescent conjugates in which lipids are linked to DNA oligonucleotides. We ...
Basiouni Shereen - - 2012
In the present study, the lipid raft composition of a canine mastocytoma cell line (C2) was analyzed. Lipid rafts were well separated from non-raft plasma membranes using a detergent-free isolation technique. To study the influence of n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on raft fatty acid composition in comparison ...
Filipp Fabian V FV Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, Cancer Research Center, La Jolla, CA, USA. - - 2012
The tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle is the central hub of oxidative metabolism, running in the classic forward direction to provide carbon for biosynthesis and reducing agents for generation of ATP. Our metabolic tracer studies in melanoma cells showed that in hypoxic conditions the TCA cycle is largely disconnected from glycolysis. ...
Battogtokh Gantumur - - 2012
Chlorin-based photosensitizers in photodynamic therapy are the promising anticancer agents, but some of their properties such as specific-targeting to tumor need to be improved. The aim of this study was to synthesize chlorin-based unsaturated fatty acid conjugates to obtain an optimal photosensitizers. Thus four chlorin-based fatty acid conjugates were successfully ...
Barger J F JF Department of Cancer and Cell Biology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45208-0521, - - 2013
In chronic myelogenous leukemia, the constitutive activation of the BCR-ABL kinase transforms cells to an addicted state that requires glucose metabolism for survival. We investigated S6K1, a protein kinase that drives glycolysis in leukemia cells, as a target for counteracting glucose-dependent survival induced by BCR-ABL. BCR-ABL potently activated S6K1-dependent signaling ...
Song Hu - - 2012
Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common types of cancer in the world. A change in the metabolism of lipids in tumor cells could lead to the pathogenesis of cancer. In this study, we investigated fatty acid and fatty acid amide metabolic perturbations associated with GC morbidity. Gas ...
Murphy Rachel A - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid have been implicated as potential mediators in pathways involved in cancer cachexia. This review summarizes recent findings on the n-3 fatty acid status of patients with cancer, the effects of n-3 fatty acid supplementation on weight and lean ...
Wang Neng - - 2012
Anti-angiogenesis targeting VEGFR-2 has been considered as an important strategy for cancer therapy. Ellagic acid is a naturally existing polyphenol widely found in fruits and vegetables. It was reported that ellagic acid interfered with some angiogenesis-dependent pathologies. Yet the mechanisms involved were not fully understood. Thus, we analyzed its anti-angiogenesis ...
Mardones Lorena - - 2012
Although there is in vivo evidence suggesting a role for glutathione in the metabolism and tissue distribution of vitamin C, no connection with the vitamin C transport systems has been reported. We show here that disruption of glutathione metabolism with buthionine-(SR)-sulfoximine (BSO), produced a sustained blockade of ascorbic acid transport ...
Liu Ru-Ming - - 2012
Ganoderic acid T, a triterpenic acid produced by Ganoderma lucidum, has demonstrated therapeutic potential for tumor disease. In the current work, ganoderic acid T was modified to produce more effective small-molecule inhibitors of cancer cell proliferation. Moreover, the anticancer effects of three new ganoderic acid T derivatives, i.e., (22S,24E)-3α,15α,22-triacetoxy-5α-lanosta-7,9(11),24-trien-26-oic acid ...
Arentsen Harm C - - 2012
PURPOSE: We determined the effect of protodynamic therapy against bladder cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. We investigated cis-urocanic acid in rat bladder cancer cell cultures and in an orthotopic rat urothelial carcinoma model to assess its safety and antiproliferative activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rat bladder cancer cell ...
Tuo Ya - - 2012
GPR40 is a membrane-bound G-protein coupled receptor with high binding affinity to medium and long-chain free fatty acids (FFAs). Acute activation of GPR40 on pancreatic β-cells causes insulin secretion, whereas prolonged activation may contribute to deteriorate effect of saturated FFAs on β-cells. It has been documented that different types of ...
Mazzio Elizabeth A - - 2012
The Warburg effect describes a heightened propensity of tumor cells to produce lactic acid in the presence or absence of O(2) . A generally held notion is that the Warburg effect is related to energy. Using whole-genome, proteomic MALDI-TOF-MS and metabolite analysis, we investigated the Warburg effect in malignant neuroblastoma ...
Kulagina T P - - 2012
The fatty acid composition of thymus cells, liver, blood plasma, muscle tissue, and tumor focus has been studied in mice with solid Ehrlich carcinoma. The tumor growth in the mice was associated with an increase in the total content of monounsaturated fatty acids in all organs and tissues studied and ...
Itoyama Akinori - - 2012
Peroxisome division is regulated by several factors, termed fission factors, as well as the conditions of the cellular environment. Over the past decade, the idea of metabolic control of peroxisomal morphogenesis has been postulated, but remains largely undefined to date. In the current study, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) was identified ...
Yue Yuan - - 2012
A multifunctional dendritic nanodevice containing folate (FA) as the targeting molecule and daunorubicin (DNR) as the chemotherapeutic drug has been designed and synthesized. The primary amino groups on the surface of the generation 5 poly(amidoamine) dendrimer (G5 dendrimer) were acetylated partially. FA and DNR were conjugated to the remaining primary ...
Cetrullo Silvia - - 2012
Apoptosis is a programmed cell death that plays a critical role in cell homeostasis. In particular, apoptosis in cardiomyocytes is involved in several cardiovascular diseases including heart failure. Recently autophagy has emerged as an important modulator of programmed cell death pathway. Recent evidence indicates that saturated fatty acids induce cell ...
Carrillo Pérez Celia - - 2012
Though most of the studies have focused on the effects of free fatty acids on T-cell activation, fatty acids incorporated into plasma membrane phospholipids may also affect cell signaling via diacylglycerol (DAG), generally produced by phospholipid hydrolysis. In the present study, we have synthesized a DAG-containing oleic acid and studied ...
Ozkan Seher - - 2012
Gels made with three different polymers widely used as rheology modifiers in cosmetic formulations (crosslinked poly(acrylic acid), crosslinked poly(maleic acid-alt-methyl vinyl ether) copolymer, and crosslinked poly(acrylic acid-co-vinyl pyrrolidone) copolymer) were characterized by rheological and sensory evaluation methods to determine the relationship between sensorial perception and corresponding rheological parameters. Both conventional ...
Ba─Źkorová M - - 2012
Lichens are a known source of approximately 800 unique secondary metabolites, many of which play important ecological roles, including regulating the equilibrium between symbionts. However, only a few of these compounds have been assessed for their effectiveness against various in vitro cancer models. Moreover, the mechanisms of biological activity of ...
Elliott M A MA Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, Strathclyde Institute for Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, Robertson Wing, University of Strathclyde, 161 Cathedral Street, Glasgow, G4 0RE, Scotland, UK. - - 2012
The novel organoarsenical GSAO, 4-(N-(S-glutathionylacetyl)amino) phenylarsonous acid, has potential anti-angiogenic capability with application in cancer where tumour metastasis relies on neo-vascularisation. As GSAO arsenic is trivalent, the arsenoxide moiety reacts with appropriately spaced cysteine residues on adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT) mitochondrial membrane protein. Molecular oxidation of the arsenic to the ...
Müller Cristina - - 2012
Frequent overexpression of the folate receptor (FR) on a variety of tumor types and on activated macrophages make this receptor an interesting target for both imaging and therapy of cancer and inflammation. The FR is a glycosylphophatidylinositol-anchored protein that binds the vitamin folic acid with high affinity and internalizes it ...
Baos S C - - 2012
Moist mucosal epithelial interfaces that are exposed to external environments are dominated by sugar epitopes, some of which (e.g., sialic acids) are involved in host defense. In this study, we determined the abundance and distribution of two sialic acids to assess differences in their availability to an exogenous probe in ...
Kim Jee-Eun - - 2012
Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) administration has been used to prevent infectious diseases in public or as a therapeutic agent by the physicians in treatment of several diseases. Ascorbic acid is also involved in immune cell functions and immune responses, although the mechanisms by which it exerts effects on immune cells ...
Loewen Christopher J R - - 2012
The lipid phosphatidic acid is an important metabolic intermediate in the biosynthesis of lipids in all eukaryotic cells, but it is even more than that. Phosphatidic acid is emerging as a lipid that is both composer and conductor, where in addition to its role as biosynthetic precursor (composer) it is ...
Song Young-Hoon - - 2012
Although ursolic acid isolated from Oldenlandia diffusa (Rubiaceae) was known to have anticancer activities in prostate, breast and liver cancers, the underlying mechanism of ursolic acid in ovarian cancer cells was not investigated so far. In the present study, the apoptotic mechanism of ursolic acid was elucidated in SK-OV-3 ovarian ...
Fares M - - 2012
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) supplementations modify cell lipid composition leading to a change in cell function. However, the effect of PUFA supplementations in renal model cell on the kidney epithelial cells membrane fatty acid profile is not known. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of ...
Nassar Zeyad D - - 2012
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, and it can metastasize very rapidly. Tumor metastasis is the primary cause of cancer deaths. In the present study, we investigated the capability of koetjapic acid, a natural triterpene, in the induction of apoptosis and the inhibition of metastasis in the ...
Kühle Berit - - 2012
The folate receptor (FR) is a very attractive target in oncological imaging as it is overexpressed by a variety of cancer types, whereas the expression in healthy tissue is very limited. The synthesis of regioisomeric pure folic acid derivatives normally requires a regioselective approach and does not allow the use ...
Mooi Lim Yang - - 2012
Protein kinase C (PKC) has been implicated in carcinogenesis and displays variable expression profiles during cancer progression. Studies of dietary phytochemicals on cancer signalling pathway regulation have been conducted to search for potent signalling regulatory agents. The present study was designed to evaluate any suppressive effect of maslinic acid on ...
Khunweeraphong Narakorn - - 2012
System L is a major transport system for cellular uptake of neutral amino acids. Among system L transporters, L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1) is responsible for the nutrient uptake in cancer cells, whereas L-type amino acid transporter 2 (LAT2) is a transporter for non-cancer cells. In this study, we ...
Jaganathan Saravana Kumar - - 2012
Previous work from our laboratory showed that the mechanism of crude-honey induced apoptosis in colon cancer cells. Since phenolic constituents of honey were attributed to its apoptosis-inducing ability, we studied caffeic acid, one of the phenolic constituents of honey, induced effect on colon cancer cells. Antiproliferative effect of caffeic acid ...
Zou Zhengyun - - 2012
Gambogic acid has a marked anti-tumor effect for gastric and colorectal cancers in vitro and in vivo. However, recent investigations on gambogic acid have focused mainly on mono-drug therapy, and its potential role in cancer therapy has not been comprehensively illustrated. This study aimed to assess the interaction between gambogic ...
Wang Xiaoping - - 2012
Considerable arguments remain regarding the diverse biological activities of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). One of the most interesting but controversial dietary approaches focused on the diverse function of dihomo-dietary γ-linolenic acid (DGLA) in anti-inflammation and anti-proliferation diseases, especially for cancers. This strategy is based on the ability of DGLA to ...
Kelsey Linda - - 2012
The retinoids, the natural or synthetic derivatives of Vitamin A (retinol), are essential for the normal development of prostate and have been shown to modulate prostate cancer progression in vivo as well as to modulate growth of several prostate cancer cell lines. 9-cis-retinoic acid and all-trans-retinoic acid are the two ...
Mason Paul - - 2012
Increased metabolism is a requirement for tumor cell proliferation. To understand the dependence of tumor cells on fatty acid metabolism, we evaluated various nodes of the fatty acid synthesis pathway. Using RNAi we have demonstrated that depletion of fatty-acid synthesis pathway enzymes SCD1, FASN, or ACC1 in HCT116 colon cancer ...
Ghoreishi Zohreh - - 2012
Axonal sensory peripheral neuropathy is the major dose-limiting side effect of paclitaxel.Omega-3 fatty acids have beneficial effects on neurological disorders from their effects on neurons cells and inhibition of the formation of proinflammatory cytokines involved in peripheral neuropathy. This study was a randomized double blind placebo controlled trial to investigate ...
Fang Lianghua - - 2012
The present study evaluated whether magnetic nanoparticles containing Fe(3)O(4) could enhance the activity of gambogic acid in human colon cancer cells, and explored the potential mechanisms involved. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by MTT assay. The percentage of cells undergoing apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry, and cell morphology was observed under ...
Huang Wei-Wei - - 2012
Zoledronic acid is widely used as adjuvant chemotherapy for the treatment of breast cancer. However, previous trials reported inconsistent findings regarding their clinical efficacy and safety. We carried out a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of zoledronic acid on disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and ...
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