Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1831
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Zagryadskaya E I - - 1999
The effects of an antiepileptic drug, valproic acid (VPA), on transport mechanisms involved in renal excretion of anionic xenobiotics were investigated on rat renal proximal tubules in vitro. It was found that VPA (0.1-1 mM) dose dependently inhibited the baseline uptake of a marker organic anion, fluorescein, in the tubules. ...
Centeno ML - - 1999
1-Naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and 6-benzyladenine (BA) were required for in vitro callus formation at the basal edge of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa [A. Chev] Liang and Ferguson, cv. Hayward) petioles. The uptake, metabolism, and concentration of NAA and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) content were examined in the explants during the callus initiation ...
Riemann B - - 1999
3-[(123)I]Iodo-l-alpha-methyltyrosine ((123)I-IMT) is used for the diagnosis and monitoring of brain tumours by means of single-photon emission tomography (SPET). To date, little has been known about the system for the transport of (123)I-IMT into brain tumour cells. It is assumed that (123)I-IMT is transported by a specific carrier for large, ...
Kovács I - - 1999
The effects of the 5-HT2C receptor inverse agonist deramciclane on the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) uptake and excitatory amino acid release processes were compared in rat cerebrocortical homogenates containing resealed plasmalemma fragments and nerve endings. Deramciclane non-competitively inhibited the uptake of [3H]GABA with a Ki value of 13.7 +/- 0.5 microM ...
Montamat F - - 1999
This work describes the isolation of a full-length (VfAAP2) and three partial amino acid transporter genes (VfAAPa, VfAAPb, VfAAPc) from broad bean (Vicia faba L.). The function of VfAAP2 was tested by heterologous expression in a yeast mutant deficient in proline uptake. VfAAP2 mediates proton-dependent proline uptake with an apparent ...
Higaki M - - 1999
Although accumulating evidence suggests that phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is a common signaling molecule for growth factor-induced amino acid uptake by the cell, the role of PI3K in the uptake of different amino acids was not tested under the same conditions. In this study, we asked whether PI3K mediates platelet-derived growth ...
Bruynseels K - - 1999
We examined the route of uptake of 2-aminoethylphosphonate (NEthPo) and of phenylphosphonate (PhePo; 10 mM each) in perfused liver by (31)P-NMR. Uptake of NEthPo was concentrative. The rate of uptake was reduced to 21 +/- 2% (n = 3; all percentages refer to control rates) by substituting choline for Na(+), ...
Neelam A - - 1999
A polymerase chain reaction-based library screening procedure was used to isolate RcAAP3, an amino acid permease cDNA from castor bean (Ricinus communis). RcAAP3 is 1.7 kb in length, with an open reading frame that encodes a protein with a calculated molecular mass of 51 kD. Hydropathy analysis indicates that the ...
McArthur M J - - 1999
While aspects of cellular fatty acid uptake have been studied as early as 50 years ago, recent developments in this rapidly evolving field have yielded new functional insights on the individual mechanistic steps in this process. The extremely low aqueous solubility of long chain fatty acids (LCFA) together with the ...
Düring-Olsen L - - 1999
Uptake by Saccharomyces cerevisiae of the sulphur-containing amino acid L-cysteine was found to be non-saturable under various conditions, and uptake kinetics suggested the existence of two or more transport systems in addition to the general amino-acid permease, Gap1p. Overexpression studies identified BAP2, BAP3, AGP1 and GNP1 as genes encoding transporters ...
Fossat B - - 1999
Effects of octadecapentaenoic acid 18:5n3 and other related polyunsaturated fatty acids present in gymnodinium cf. mikimotoi were tested in isolated trout hepatocytes. These exotoxins decreased intracellular pH followed by a slow recovery to initial value and alkalinization of acidic compartments, suggesting an inhibition of vacuolar H(+)-ATPases. Moreover, addition of 18:5n3 ...
Guthmann F - - 1999
Type II pneumocytes, which synthesize, store, and secrete pulmonary surfactant, require exogenous fatty acids, in particular palmitic acid, for maximum surfactant synthesis. The uptake of palmitate by type II pneumocytes is thought to be protein mediated, but the protein involved has not been characterized. Here we show by RT-PCR and ...
Gao J - - 1999
Adipose differentiation related protein (ADRP) is a 50-kDa novel protein cloned from a mouse 1246 adipocyte cDNA library, rapidly induced during adipocyte differentiation. We have examined ADRP function, and we show here that ADRP facilitates fatty acid uptake in COS cells transfected with ADRP cDNA. We demonstrate that uptake of ...
Luiken J J - - 1999
Giant sarcolemmal vesicles were isolated from rat heart and hindlimb muscles for a) characterization of long-chain fatty acid transport in the absence of metabolism and b) comparison of fatty acid transport protein expression with fatty acid transport. Giant vesicles contained cytosolic fatty acid binding protein. Palmitate uptake was completely divorced ...
Pline, Wendy Ann
The introduction of herbicide resistant crops offers producers many more options for weed control systems. These crops allow environmentally safe, non-selective herbicides to be used as selective herbicides, broadening the spectrum of weeds controlled, while not harming the crop. As these crops are very new on the market, investigation of ...
Kusuhara H - - 1999
A cDNA encoding the new member of the multispecific organic anion transporter family, OAT3, was isolated by the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction cloning method. Degenerate primers were designed based on the sequences conserved among OAT1, OAT2, and organic cation transporter 1 (OCT1), and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was performed using ...
Decristoforo C - - 1999
The aim of this study was to explore the effects of lipophilicity and stability on the biodistribution of 99mTc labelled peptides through the use of different co-ligands. 6-Hydrazinopyridine-3-carboxylic acid (HYNIC) was coupled to the somatostatin analogue RC160 and radiolabelled using a range of ethylendiaminediacetic acid (EDDA) and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) ...
Jensen M D - - 1999
We measured splanchnic and leg glycerol [and free fatty acid (FFA)] uptake and release in 11 healthy volunteers before and after meal ingestion to assess whether regional FFA-to-glycerol release ratios mirror systemic release ratios. Basal splanchnic triglyceride release was also assessed. Although basal splanchnic glycerol uptake (111 +/- 18 micromol/min) ...
Wei H - - 1999
Previous work has suggested that endogenous sulfhydryls, such as glutathione (GSH) and cysteine, are involved in the uptake and toxicity of HgCl2. To study this possibility, uptake and toxicity of synthesized Hg(SG)2, Hg(cysteinylglycine)2 [Hg(CYS-GLY)2] and Hg(CYS)2 were investigated in rabbit renal proximal tubule suspensions (RPT). The intracellular K+ was used ...
Liachenko S - - 1999
The synaptic concentrations of glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) are modulated by their release and re-uptake. The effects of general anaesthetics on these two processes remain unclear. This study evaluates the effects of isoflurane, a clinically important anaesthetic, on glutamate and GABA release and re-uptake in superfused mouse cerebrocortical slices. ...
Bartelds B - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Around birth, myocardial substrate supply changes from carbohydrates before birth to primarily fatty acids after birth. Parallel to these changes, the myocardium is expected to switch from the use of primarily lactate before birth to fatty acids thereafter. However, myocardial lactate uptake and oxidation around birth has not been ...
Augé N - - 1999
Oxidized free fatty acids have profound effects on cultured cells. However, little is known about whether these effects depend on their uptake and metabolism by cells or primarily involve their interaction with cell-surface components. We determined the uptake and metabolism of unoxidized (linoleic or oleic acid) and oxidized linoleic acid ...
Kehler J - - 1999
Piperidinyl-3-phosphinic acid 2, piperidinyl-3-methylphosphinic acid 3 and N-(4,4-diphenyl-3-butenyl)piperidinyl-3-phosphinic acid 4 have been synthesized as bioisosteres of the corresponding amino carboxylic acids, which are potent and specific GABA-uptake inhibitors. The novel amino phosphinic acids were tested for their GABA-uptake inhibitory activity and 2 and 4 were identified as the first phosphinic ...
Horio M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMC) are exposed to a hypertonic environment during peritoneal dialysis. When exposed to a hypertonic medium, many types of cells accumulate small osmotically active organic solutes, which are called osmolytes, to match the higher external osmolality. However, no information has been available concerning the osmolytes in ...
Thwaites D T - - 1999
Transport of a number of dipolar amino acids (and the orally active antibiotic D-cycloserine) across the apical membrane of human intestinal epithelial (Caco-2) cell monolayers is mediated by a Na+-independent, pH-dependent transport mechanism. Relatively little is known about the mode of action of this transport system so to differentiate between ...
Darimont C - - 1999
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) has been reported to stimulate carbohydrate, amino acid, and electrolyte transport in the small intestine, but its effects on lipid transport are poorly documented. This study aimed to investigate EGF effects on fatty acid uptake and esterification in a human enterocyte cell line (Caco-2). EGF inhibited ...
de Gaetano A - - 1999
The kinetics of the triglyceride of dodecanedioic acid (TGDA) has been investigated in 30 male Wistar rats after a rapid intravenous bolus injection. TGDA and its product of hydrolysis, nonesterified dodecanedioic acid (NEDA), were measured in plasma samples taken at different times using an improved high-performance liquid chromatographic method. The ...
Nozaki S - - 1999
Long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) are the major energy substrate for heart and their oxidation is important for achieving maximal cardiac work. However, the mechanism of uptake of LCFA by myocardium has not been clarified. We previously reported that bovine myocardial LCFA transporter has a sequence homology to human CD36. Clinically, ...
Nohara R - - 1999
BMIPP is a radioiodinated fatty acid analogue used for myocardial single photon emission CT (SPECT) imaging based on high cardiac fatty acid metabolism. In normal dogs, 74% of the injected BMIPP was instantly extracted and was then retained in 65.3%. The washout of the retained radioactivity was low, and most ...
Kovács P - - 1999
The serine palmitoyltransferase inhibitors beta-chloro-D-alanine and L-cycloserine resulted in the uptake and metabolism of 3H-serine, 3H-palmitic acid and 32P significant alterations in the unicellular Tetrahymena pyriformis GL as compared to the untreated cells. In contrast with the higher eukariotic cells, by these treatments - except 5 mM L-cycloserine - the ...
Koga K - - 1999
The effects of various fatty acid glycerol esters (FAGE) on the transport of ceftibuten in rat intestinal brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMV) were investigated. The HLB numbers of FAGE used were in the range of 6.5 to 15.7. The ceftibuten uptake by BBMV was examined by a rapid filtration method in ...
Fan M Z - - 1999
With L-glutamine, as a representative amino acid this study was undertaken to examine the effects of substrate concentrations on initial and equilibrium amino acid uptake and intravesicular volume determined with porcine jejunal brush border membrane vesicles prepared by Mg2+-aggregation and differential centrifugation. Transport measurements (24 degrees C) were conducted by ...
Dai W - - 1999
The protein sequence encoded by a creatine transporter cDNA cloned from a human heart library was identical to that cloned from a human kidney library (Nash et al., Receptors Channels 2, 165-174, 1994), except that at position 285 the former contained an Ala residue and the latter contained a Pro ...
Abumrad N - - 1998
In mammalian cells, membrane uptake of long-chain fatty acids is mediated by two separate components; a passive component that is a linear function of the concentration of free fatty acid in the extracellular medium and a saturable component that exhibits the characteristics of a protein-facilitated process. This review summarizes the ...
Eriksen S H - - 1998
Uptake of phenylacetic acid, the side-chain precursor of benzylpenicillin, was studied in Penicillium chrysogenum Wisconsin 54-1255 and in a strain yielding high levels of penicillin. In penicillin fermentations with the high-yielding strain, 100% recovery of phenylacetic acid in benzylpenicillin was found, whereas in the Wisconsin strain only 17% of the ...
Mohapatra P K - - 1998
The organophosphorus (OP) insecticides dimethoate and chlorfenvinphos, at all selected concentrations (0-500 micromol liter-1), reduced the rate of accumulation of uranine and enhanced fluorescence quenching of 9-amino-6-chloro-2-methoxyacridine (ACMA). There was a significant nonlinear negative correlation between insecticide concentrations and uranine accumulation. The reduction in amount of uranine trapped inside the ...
Jansson T - - 1998
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is characterized by a reduction in fetal plasma concentrations of a number of essential amino acids. Whether this is caused by impaired placental transport is unknown. We studied transport of leucine and lysine in syncytiotrophoblast microvillous (MVM) and basal membrane (BM) vesicles isolated from uncomplicated (control) ...
Schneider S - - 1998
The application of whole cells containing cytochrome P-450BM-3 monooxygenase [EC 1.14.14.1] for the bioconversion of long-chain saturated fatty acids to omega-1, omega-2, and omega-3 hydroxy fatty acids was investigated. We utilized pentadecanoic acid and studied its conversion to a mixture of 12-, 13-, and 14-hydroxypentadecanoic acids by this monooxygenase. For ...
Morel P - - 1998
Ascorbic acid is frequently added in the incubation medium to prevent oxidation of dopamine (DA) during uptake assays. However, a preliminary study showed that the presence of ascorbic acid induced a decrease of DA uptake after prolonged incubation. The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanism underlying ascorbic ...
Nagaya N - - 1998
Little information is available regarding the determinants of systolic contractile function of the hypertrophied right ventricle (RV). The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between myocardial metabolism and contractile function in the hypertrophied RV due to pulmonary hypertension (PH). METHODS: Iodine-123-labeled 15-(p-iodophenyl)-3-(R,S)-methylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) and 99mTc-sestamibi (MIBI) ...
Marvier A C - - 1998
A cDNA for the amino acid permease gene RcAAP1 has been isolated from Ricinus communis by yeast complementation and subjected to a detailed kinetic analysis. RcAAP1 cDNA is 1.5 kb with an open reading frame that codes for a protein with 486 amino acids and a calculated molecular mass of ...
Nakajima K - - 1998
123I-labelled 15-(p-iodophenyl)-9-(R,S)-methylpentadecanoic acid (9MPA) is a modified long-chain fatty acid that shows some beta-oxidation. Some basic aspects of this fatty acid, including myocardial uptake, distribution, clearance and differences from 201Tl myocardial perfusion, have yet to be evaluated. An average of 150 MBq of 123I-9MPA was injected intravenously into 16 patients ...
Han H K - - 1998
PURPOSE: This study characterized the cellular uptake mechanism and hydrolysis of the amino acid ester prodrugs of nucleoside antiviral drugs in the transiently transfected Caco-2 cells overexpressing a human intestinal peptide transporter, hPEPT1 (Caco-2/hPEPT1 cells). METHODS: Amino acid ester prodrugs of acyclovir and AZT were synthesized and their apical membrane ...
Elsing C - - 1998
Sensitivity of cellular fatty acids uptake to the membrane potential difference is still a matter of controversy. For direct evaluation of potential sensitivity the effect of changing membrane potential on uptake of a fluorescent long chain fatty acid derivative, 12-NBD-stearate, in isolated rat hepatocytes, was examined. Changes in membrane potential ...
Shennan D B - - 1998
Recent studies have shown that the lactating mammary gland is able to utilize plasma-derived dipeptides for milk protein synthesis. However, it was not clear whether the peptides were hydrolysed followed by uptake of the constituent amino acids or were taken up intact. In view of this, we have designed experiments ...
Murphy E J - - 1998
The effects of sterol carrier protein-2 (SCP-2) expression on fatty acid uptake and cytoplasmic diffusion were determined using L cell fibroblasts transfected with cDNA encoding either the 15- or 13. 2-kDa form of SCP-2. Cis-parinarate and 12-N-methyl-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol)aminostearate (NBD-stearate) were used as nonesterifiable fluorescent fatty acid probes. NBD-stearate and cis-parinarate uptake ...
Elsing C - - 1998
Studies of regulation of free fatty acid (FFA) utilization by skeletal muscles have focused on plasma FFA delivery and on intracellular factors affecting FFA metabolism. The present study was conducted to directly analyse the uptake process of fatty acids into single myocytes. Cells were isolated from the rat flexor digitorum ...
Moutafchiev D A - - 1998
The effects of ascorbic acid, sodium citrate, and sodium bicarbonate on 59Fe-transferrin, 54Mn-transferrin, and 65Zn-transferrin uptake by the receptors disposed of plasma membrane isolated from lactating mouse mammary gland cells have been investigated. The effect of 10(-2) mol/L ascorbic acid alone and in combination with NaHCO3 on the 59Fe-transferrin uptake ...
Easson A M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The hepatic uptake of amino acids is increased in both sepsis and cancer, and this response appears to be both global and essential in the catabolic host. Because immunocompromised cancer patients are susceptible to episodes of gram-negative sepsis, we examined the capacity of hepatocytes from normal and tumor-influenced livers ...
Tranchant T - - 1998
We investigated the influence of four different culture media: 20% fetal bovine serum (FBS), 5% FBS, 5% FBS supplemented with 10 mg x L(-1) linoleic acid (18:2(n-6)) or alpha-linolenic acid (18:3(n-3)) on alpha-linolenic acid apical uptake in clone TC7 of human intestinal Caco-2 cell line. Neither cellular viability nor cell ...
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