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Persson Jörgen - - 2002
Although an accumulating amount of research clearly indicates that plants are capable of taking up exogenous amino acids, the actual importance of such organic N sources for plant N nutrition is under debate. In this study, we show that amino acid uptake by Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) is significantly ...
Martarello Laurent - - 2002
syn- and anti-1-amino-3-[18F]fluoromethyl-cyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid (FMACBC, 16 and 17), analogues of anti-1-amino-3-[18F]fluorocyclobutyl-1-carboxylic acid (FACBC), were prepared to evaluate the contributions of C-3 substitution and configuration on the uptake of these radiolabeled amino acids in a rodent model of brain tumors. Radiofluorinated targets [18F]16 and [18F]17 were prepared by no-carrier-added radiofluorination from ...
Saeki Tohru - - 2002
The mouse Na+/taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide transiently expressed in COS-7 cells caused sodium-dependent uptake of [3H]taurocholic acid with Km and Vmax values of 18 microM and 102 pmol/mg protein/min, respectively. This Km value is comparable to that for rat NTCP and higher than that for human NTCP. Substrate specificity was evaluated ...
Chandler Margaret P - - 2002
During stress, patients with coronary artery disease frequently fail to increase coronary flow and myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO(2)) in response to a greater demand for oxygen, resulting in "demand-induced" ischemia. We tested the hypothesis that dobutamine infusion with flow restriction stimulates nonoxidative glycolysis without a change in MVO(2) or fatty ...
Dura Eszter - - 2002
In order to simulate physiological conditions, the influence of a mixture of 22 amino acids together with taurine, all tested at their normal concentration in plasma, upon insulin release, D-glucose metabolism and (45)Ca net uptake was investigated in isolated rat pancreatic islets. The amino acid mixture had little effect upon ...
Fraga S - - 2002
The present study examined the functional characteristics of the inward [(14)C]-L-leucine transporter in two intestinal epithelial cell lines (human Caco-2 and rat IEC-6). The uptake of [(14)C]-L-leucine was largely promoted through an energy-dependent and sodium-insensitive transporter, although a minor component of [(14)C]-L-leucine uptake ( approximately 15%) required extracellular sodium. [(14)C] ...
Mary P L - - 2002
Uptake of phosphate by the everted intestinal sacs of mice was measured at various concentrations of this anion in the incubation medium. Phenol red when added to the serosal side was able to inhibit the uptake of phosphate significantly, while uptake of glucose or proline was unaffected. When para amino ...
Ishizuka Koji - - 2002
The characteristics of lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) in its inhibition of the taurine uptake by human intestinal Caco-2 cells were investigated. By treating the cells with 200 microM of LPC, the taurine uptake was rapidly decreased by approximately 60%. This decrease was accompanied by an increase in the Km value for the ...
Stahl Andreas - - 2002
Fatty acid uptake into 3T3 L1 adipocytes is predominantly transporter mediated. Here we show that, during 3T3 L1 adipocyte differentiation, expression of fatty acid transport proteins (FATPs) 1 and 4 is induced. Using subcellular membrane fractionation and immunofluorescence microscopy, we demonstrate that, in adipocytes, insulin induces plasma membrane translocation of ...
Revilla-Nuin Beatriz - - 2002
N-Acetyl-D-mannosamine (ManNAc) and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc) are the essential precursors of N-acetylneuraminic acid (NeuAc), the specific monomer of polysialic acid (PA), a bacterial pathogenic determinant. Escherichia coli K1 uses both amino sugars as carbon sources and uptake takes place through the mannose phosphotransferase system transporter, a phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent phosphotransferase system that shows ...
Laverman Peter - - 2002
The currently preferred radiopharmaceutical for positron emission tomography (PET) in oncology is 2-[(18)F]fluoro-deoxyglucose (FDG). Increased accumulation of this deoxyglucose analogue in tumour cells is based on elevated glucose metabolism by tumour cells and subsequent trapping in the cells. In the search for new PET tracers, amino acids have been widely ...
Ubukata Y - - 2002
Amino acids (AAs) are produced from the hydrolysis of proteins, which are the major biodegradable organic compounds in municipal sewage. The characteristics of bacterial populations responsible for the assimilation of thirteen AAs into activated sludge (AS) acclimated to peptone are investigated. The results are as follows. (1) The bacterial populations ...
Papachristodoulou C A - - 2002
Strontium adsorption was studied in an aluminum-pillared montmorillonite (PILC) carrying organic acid groups. The in situ dissociation of these groups increases the number of negative sites in the modified PILC, promoting thus the uptake of cations from an exchange solution. To investigate the role of solution pH and acid strength ...
Hajri Tahar - - 2002
Long-chain fatty acids are an important constituent of the diet and they contribute to a multitude of cellular pathways and functions. Uptake of long-chain fatty acids across plasma membranes is the first step in fatty acid utilization, and recent evidence supports an important regulatory role for this process. Although uptake ...
Kuwayama Kenji - - 2002
The fluorescein transport characteristics of the human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cell line were examined in monolayer cultures. The initial uptake rate was concentration-dependent and saturable; the Michealis constant and the maximum velocity were 0.40 mM and 1.32 nmol/min/mg protein, respectively. A protonophore, carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenyl-hydrazone, reduced uptake significantly. The replacement ...
Guarner Verónica - - 2002
Changes in contractility of newborn and adult hearts with different substrates were studied under oxygenation and hypoxia. Under oxygenation, insulin (50 mU/l) and low doses of fatty acids (sodium palmitate 0.12 mM) increased the differential ventricular pressure (DVP), while higher doses of fatty acids (from 0.3 to 1.5 mM) decreased ...
Liu Yan-Hua - - 2002
Anaerobic-aerobic batch experiments indicated that poly-hydroxy-alkanoate (PHA) form was important in determining the net phosphorus removal resulting from different volatile fatty acids (VFAs). Poly-3-hydroxy-butyrate (3HB) content was found to correlate fairly well with higher observed aerobic phosphorus uptake per unit PHA carbon degraded. Poly-3-hydroxy-valerate (3HV) correlated with lower aerobic phosphorus ...
McGrath J W - - 2001
Activated sludge inocula taken from five different wastewater treatment plants were grown aerobically under laboratory conditions on mineral salts medium containing either glucose or skimmed milk powder as carbon source. Cultures showed increases of between 50% and 143% in levels of phosphate uptake from the medium when the growth pH ...
Fonseca L L - - 2001
Nuclear magnetic resonance was used as the primary technique to investigate the effect of ethanol (40, 80, and 160 mM) on the levels of high-energy phosphates, glycolytic flux, anaplerotic and oxidative fluxes to the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, the contribution of the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP), and the uptake and ...
Yamaguchi H - - 2001
Transport characteristics of grepafloxacin and levofloxacin across the apical membrane of Caco-2 cells were examined. Both grepafloxacin and levofloxacin uptakes increased rapidly, and were temperature-dependent. Grepafloxacin and levofloxacin uptakes showed concentration-dependent saturation with Michaelis constants of 3.9 and 9.3 mM, respectively. Uptake of grepafloxacin and levofloxacin increased in Cl(-)-free and ...
Andersen K E - - 2001
In a previous series of potent GABA uptake inhibitors published from this laboratory, we noticed that asymmetry in the substitution pattern of the bis-aromatic moiety in known GABA uptake inhibitors such as 4 [1-(4,4-diphenyl-3-butenyl)-3-piperidinecarboxylic acid] and 5 [(R)-1-(4,4-bis(3-methyl-2-thienyl)-3-butenyl)-3-piperidinecarboxylic acid] was beneficial for high affinity. This led us to investigate asymmetric ...
Persson Jörgen - - 2001
In this study, we present a rapid, robust and sensitive method for quantification of plant amino acid uptake using universally (U) (13C, 15N)-labelled amino acids and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Amino acids were analysed as their tert-butyldimethylsilyl (tBDMS) derivatives and displayed detection limits in the range 10-100 fmol on column, ...
Pombrio J M - - 2001
Mercapturic acids are N-acetyl-L-cysteine S-conjugates that are formed from a range of endogenous and exogenous chemicals. Although the kidney is a major site for elimination of mercapturic acids, the transport mechanisms involved have not been identified. The present study examined whether mercapturic acids are substrates for the renal basolateral organic ...
Kim D Y - - 2001
Production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) substituted with cyclohexyl groups by Pseudomonas oleovorans grown with 4-cyclohexylbutyric acid (4-CHB) and its mixtures with nonanoic acid (NA) was investigated. Addition of NA to medium gave rise to an increase in the total concentration of 3-hydroxy-4-cyclohexylbutyrate repeating unit in the PHAs, indicating that the bioconversion ...
Luiken J J - - 2001
We investigated palmitate uptake and utilization by contracting cardiac myocytes in suspension to explore the link between long-chain fatty acid (FA) uptake and cellular metabolism, in particular the role of fatty acid translocase (FAT)/CD36-mediated transsarcolemmal FA transport. For this, an experimental setup was developed to electrically stimulate cardiomyocytes in multiple ...
van der Putten H H - - 2001
The uptake of tri-iodothyronine (T(3)) in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes was investigated and compared with the uptake of reverse T(3 )(rT(3)) and thyroxine (T(4)). Cellular compartmentalization of T(3) was studied by distinguishing T(3) activity associated with the plasma membrane from that in the cytosol or incorporated in the cell nucleus. ...
Camarasa C - - 2001
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, L-malic acid transport is not carrier mediated and is limited to slow, simple diffusion of the undissociated acid. Expression in S. cerevisiae of the MAE1 gene, encoding Schizosaccharomyces pombe malate permease, markedly increased L-malic acid uptake in this yeast. In this strain, at pH 3.5 (encountered in ...
Iji P A - - 2001
1. A study was conducted to characterise the development of amino acid transport in broiler chicks, using L-tryptophan as a model. The chicks were maintained on a broiler starter diet between hatch and 21 d of age. 2. There was a significant reduction in the rate of uptake of 0.04 ...
SavaƟ H - - 2001
The uptake and controlled release of model active substances from poly(ethylene oxide), (PEO), hydrogels synthesized by irradiation were investigated. For the characterization of network structure of PEO hydrogels, swelling properties in water and the number average molecular weight between crosslinks were determined. Salicylic acid, phthalic acid and resorcinol were used ...
Sharma R - - 2001
The characteristics of the transport systems of L-glutamine in lactating mouse mammary gland have been studied. L-glutamine uptake was mediated by three Na+-dependent and one Na+-independent systems. The 2-(methylamino)isobutyric acid-sensitive component of Na+-dependent uptake exhibited the usual characteristics of system A. The other two Na+-dependent systems, which we have named ...
Selman K - - 2001
Oocytes of the black sea bass, Centropristes striata, were enlarged in volume more than three-fold over a 24-hr period during oocyte maturation, both in vivo and in vitro. At the same time, the opaque oocytes clarified while the crystalline yolk inclusions lost their ordered structure, fused with one another, and ...
Zempleni J - - 2001
Antigenic or mitogenic stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) causes rapid cell proliferation. PBMC proliferation is associated with increased activities of pantothenic acid-dependent metabolic pathways, suggesting increased demand for pantothenic acid. We sought to determine whether PBMC respond to proliferation by increased cellular uptake of pantothenic acid and, if ...
Zhang Y - - 2001
To clarify the mechanism by which the toxic abstract from Toxopneustes pileolus inhibits time-dependent (Time-dep.) Ca(2+) uptake in crude synaptosome fraction, the effective component from pedicellarial venom of the sea urchin was purified. The crude extracts were purified by a series of steps including ion exchange (DEAE-sephadex-A25 gel), gel filtration ...
Ramasamy R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic interventions that promote glucose use during ischemia have been shown to protect the myocardium and improve functional recovery on reperfusion. In this study we evaluated if cardioprotection can be accomplished by inhibiting fatty acid uptake, which would be expected to increase glycolytic metabolism. METHODS: Diisothiocyanostilbene sulfonic acid (DIDS), ...
Basselin M - - 2001
Experiments to elucidate the mechanism by which Pneumocystis carinii transports glutamine, leucine, and serine were performed in this study. Uptake of all three radiolabeled amino acids exhibited first-order, saturation kinetics as extracellular substrate concentrations were increased, thus ruling out simple diffusion and indicating carrier-mediated transport. Kinetic analyses of amino acid ...
Sutinen E - - 2001
[N-methyl-11C]alpha-Methylaminoisobutyric acid (11C-MeAIB) is a potentially useful tracer for positron emission tomography (PET) studies on hormonally regulated system A amino acid transport. 11C-MeAIB is a metabolically stable amino acid analogue specific for system A amino acid transport. We evaluated the biodistribution of 11C-MeAIB in rats and humans to estimate the ...
Thompson M B - - 2001
Eulamprus tympanum is a high-altitude viviparous lizard that was probably used to help define a Type I chorioallantoic placenta. In this article, we (1) describe the net transport of nutrients across the placenta of E. tympanum, and (2) compare placental uptake in E. tympanum with a previous study of Eulamprus ...
Leonardi M G - - 2001
In the larval midgut of Bombyx mori a K(+)-dependent transporter for leucine and amino acids with a hydrophobic side chain is responsible for the absorption of most essential amino acids. We investigated if a modulation of its activity occurred as a result of starvation or after hormonal treatments. We measured ...
Hosie A H - - 2001
The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily is one of the most widespread of all gene families and currently has in excess of 1100 members in organisms ranging from the Archaea to manQ1. The movement of the diverse solutes of ABC transporters has been accepted as being strictly unidirectional, with recent ...
Nakai D - - 2001
Involvement of LST-1 (a human liver-specific transporter, also called OATP2) as the major transporter in the uptake of pravastatin, a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, by human liver was demonstrated. The hepatic uptake of pravastatin evaluated using human hepatocytes was Na(+)-independent and reached saturation with a Michaelis constant (K(m)) of ...
Murota K - - 2001
We investigated the influence of glycerol esters on oleic acid uptake into IEC-6 cells. Monoolein, especially 2-monoacylglycerol, significantly inhibited the cellular uptake. Although diolein slightly inhibited the oleic acid uptake, triolein, glycerol and monooctanoate had no effect. These results suggest that after lipid digestion in the intestine, long-chain fatty acid ...
Liu I M - - 2001
In an attempt to elucidate the effect of isoferulic acid on alpha1-adrenoceptor (AR), the myoblast C2C12 cells of mice were employed to investigate the change of glucose uptake in the present study. Isoferulic acid enhanced the uptake of radioactive glucose into C2C12 cells in a concentration-dependent manner, which were abolished ...
Docampo R - - 2001
The acidocalcisome is an electron-dense acidic organelle which contains a matrix of pyrophosphate and polyphosphates with bound calcium and other cations. Its limiting membrane possesses a number of pumps and exchangers for the uptake and release of these elements. The acidocalcisome does not belong to the endocytic pathway and may ...
Hajri T - - 2001
Genetic linkage studies implicated deficiency of CD36, a membrane fatty acid (FA) transporter, in the hypertriglyceridemia and hyperinsulinemia of the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). In this study we determined whether loss of CD36 function in FA uptake is a primary determinant of the SHR phenotype. In vivo, tissue distribution of ...
Basselin M - - 2001
In order to improve culture media and to discover potential drug targets, uptake of an acidic, a basic, and an aromatic amino acid were investigated. Current culture systems, axenic or co-cultivation with mammalian cells, do not provide either the quantity or quality of cells needed for biochemical studies of this ...
Bryson J M - - 2001
Milk taurine plays a critical role in neonatal development. Taurine uptake in lactating sow mammary tissue has not been characterized previously. The kinetic properties, ion dependence and substrate specificity of taurine uptake were characterized in mammary tissue collected from lactating sows at slaughter. Tissue explants were incubated in an isosmotic ...
Delétage-Grandon C - - 2001
In a previous paper we have shown that epsilon-(phenoxyalkanecarboxylyl)-L-Lys conjugates are potent inhibitors of amino acid transport systems and that it is possible to modulate the uptake inhibition by hydrophobic or hydrophilic additions in the 4-position of the aromatic ring (J.F. Chollet, C. Delétage, M. Faucher, L. Miginiac, J.L. Bonnemain ...
Stump D D - - 2001
Oleic acid (OA) uptake by rat adipocytes and the proportions of intracellular unesterified [3H]OA and its 3H-labeled esters were determined over 300 s. Uptake was linear for 20;-30 s, with rapid esterification indicating entry into normal metabolic pathways. Initial rates of OA uptake and its binding to plasma membranes were ...
Glatz J F - - 2001
The transport of long-chain fatty acids across cellular membranes most likely occurs to some extent by passive diffusion and additionally is facilitated by a number of membrane-associated and cytoplasmic proteins. In this overview we focus on the involvement of the membrane proteins fatty acid translocase (FAT/CD36), plasma membrane fatty acid-binding ...
Van Ginneken L - - 2001
The uptake of cadmium by the common carp, Cyprinus carpio, was studied in chemically defined freshwater in the absence and presence of commercial humic acid. This was done to evaluate whether the cadmium uptake by carp in the presence of humic acid was related to the ambient Cd2+ -ion activity ...
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