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Results 1 - 50 of 2013
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Resendes A R AR Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA), UAB-IRTA, Campus de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, - - 2014
Vascular lesions and their association with porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) were evaluated in multiple organs from 10 pigs affected with PCV2-systemic disease (PCV2-SD). Animals had vascular lesions in multiple organs, consisting of lymphohistiocytic lymphangitis and/or phlebitis, mild to severe necrotizing arteritis, and thrombosis within splenic arterioles and choroid plexus ...
Tiantian Ye Y Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, 103 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016, - - 2014
In this study, hyaluronic acid-modified docetaxel-loaded liposomes were prepared to evaluate the lymphatic targeting after subcutaneous administration, and formulation factors affecting the lymphatic targeting were examined, including free hyaluronic acid, molecular weight, hyaluronic acid-density and particle diameter. The high molecular weight hyaluronic acid-modified docetaxel-loaded liposomes (HA-LPs) and low molecular weight ...
Lærke Helle Nygaard HN Department of Animal Science, Aarhus University, Blichers Allé 20, 8830 Tjele, Denmark. - - 2014
Triglycerides are absorbed by the lymphatic system and have various functions in the body. It has been shown that some types of β-glucans have a positive effect on the systemic concentrations of cholesterol and lipid, presumably through interference with the absorption of lipid and/or reabsorption of bile acids. In the ...
Murota Kaeko - - 2012
Since it is known that dietary fats improve the bioavailability of the flavonol quercetin, we purposed to investigate whether this effect is due to increased lymphatic transport of quercetin. In rats with implanted catheters in the thoracic lymph duct, we administered quercetin into the duodenum with TAG emulsions containing either ...
Licursi Maria - - 2012
Cap-dependent and internal ribosomal entry site (IRES)-mediated translation are regulated differently within cells. Viral IRES-mediated translation often remains active when cellular cap-dependent translation is severely impaired under cellular stresses induced by virus infection. To investigate how cellular stresses influence efficiency of viral IRES-mediated translation, we used bicistronic luciferase reporter construct ...
Oguro Ami - - 2012
Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is a bifunctional enzyme that has a C-terminus epoxide hydrolase domain and an N-terminus phosphatase domain. The endogenous substrates of epoxide hydrolase are known to be epoxyeicosatrienoic acids, but the endogenous substrates of the phosphatase activity are not well understood. In this study, to explore the ...
Bickmeyer Ulf - - 2012
The brominated pyrrole-imidazole Ageladine A was used for live imaging of the jellyfish (jellies) Nausithoe werneri, the sea anemone Metridium senile and the flatworm Macrostomum lignano. The fluorescence properties of Ageladine A allow for estimation of pH values in tissue and organs in living animals. The results showed that Nausithoe ...
Zwick Andreas - - 2012
In a previous study of higher-level arthropod phylogeny, analyses of nucleotide sequences from 62 protein-coding nuclear genes for 80 panarthopod species yielded significantly higher bootstrap support for selected nodes than did amino acids. This study investigates the cause of that discrepancy. The hypothesis is tested that failure to distinguish the ...
Nurkhoeriyati Tina - - 2011
The nutritional properties of surimi-like materials produced from spent duck meat processed conventionally (CDS) and processed with acid and alkaline solubilization (ACDS and ALDS, respectively) were studied. The essential amino acids (EAAs) content was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in the ACDS and ALDS than in control (CON) and CDS, with values ...
Poiani Silvana Beani - - 2011
Fat body cells or throphocytes of individuals during beginning of pupation (pre-pupae) of Apis mellifera were collected and studied by routine and cytochemical preparations for transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results showed that the trophocytes present large reserves of lipids, proteins, and glycogen. Imidazole osmium treatment revealed that lipids are ...
Jiang Zhiliang - - 2011
In pH 8.9 Tris-HCl buffer solutions, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) catalyzed the hydrolysis of ascorbic acid 2-phosphate (AAP) substrate to form ascorbic acid. Then H(3)PO(4) was added to stop the enzymatic reaction and HAuCl(4) was used to react with ascorbic acid to generate gold nanoparticles that exhibited a resonance scattering (RS) ...
Järvinen R - - 2011
Background/Objectives:Significance of dietary fatty acids on bone health is not clear, and the evidence is controversial. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and bone mineral density (BMD) among elderly women.Subjects/Methods:Subjects (n=554) were drawn from the Kuopio OSTPRE Fracture Prevention Study. At baseline they ...
Meyer Florent - - 2012
The use of degradable composite materials in orthopedics remains a field of intense research due to their ability to support new bone formation and degrade in a controlled manner, broadening their use for orthopedic applications. Poly (lactide-co-glycolide) acid (PLGA), a degradable biopolymer, is now a popular material for different orthopedic ...
He Hongbing - - 2011
In order to explore the potential therapeutic effect of Yunnan Baiyao (YNB) on rheumatoid arthritis (RA), rat models were constructed and orally administrated with YNB or methotrexate (MTX) in parallel. Clinical physical, histological and biochemical parameters showed trivial therapeutic difference between YNB and MTX applications. Urine and serum metabonomics results ...
Huang Ying - - 2011
Surface modification of titanium (Ti) using biomolecules has attracted much attention recently. In this study, a new strategy has been employed to construct a stable and bioactive coating on Ti. To this end, a derivative of hyaluronic acid (HA), i.e. HA-GRGDSPC-(SH), was synthesized. The disulfide-crosslinked Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-containing collagen/hyaluronic acid polyelectrolyte ...
Suyama E - - 2011
Background:  The aim of this study was to evaluate enamel remineralization and the acquisition of acid resistance by using sugar-free chewing gum containing fluoride extracted from green tea. Methods:  Forty-five volunteers participated in a crossover, double-blind study and wore intraoral appliances with human demineralized enamel. Subjects chewed fluoride chewing gum ...
Lee Wing-Hin - - 2012
Hydroxyapatite (HA) is a material of choice for bone grafts owing to its chemical and structural similarities to the mineral phase of hard tissues. The combination of osteogenic proteins with HA materials that carry and deliver the proteins to the bone-defective areas will accelerate bone regeneration. The study investigated the ...
Horiuchi Shinya - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To determine the reinforcement of bond strength of a self-etching system by applying a pretreatment agent. Materials and Methods: Sixty extracted human premolars were used in this study. The enamel surfaces were treated with four pretreatment agents?phosphoric acid, polyacrylic acid, citric acid, and ammonium hexafluorosilicate (SiF)?and were examined ...
Reid Ian R - - 2011
Two trials have shown that a single 5mg infusion of zoledronic acid achieves much higher response rates in Paget's disease of bone than risedronate. The duration of this effect is unknown. We have conducted an open, follow-up of responders from the two trials (152 originally treated with zoledronic acid, 115 ...
Park Yun-Jong - - 2011
  In this study, alkaline phytase was added to whole-wheat bread and the phytate content and mineral profiles were compared to commercially available acidic phytase. At neutral pH, some phytate (approximately 20%) was degraded by endogenous phytase in wheat flour, while 40% of phytate was hydrolyzed by alkaline phytase DS11 ...
Ting Tabitha C - - 2011
Vascular calcification is recognized as an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality, particularly in subjects with chronic kidney disease. However, the pathways by which dysregulation of lipid and mineral metabolism simultaneously occur in this particular population remain unclear. We have shown that activation of the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) blocks mineralization ...
Shaw Clara L - - 2011
The uropygial secretions of some bird species contain volatile and semivolatile compounds that are hypothesized to serve as chemical signals. The abundance of secretion components varies with age and season, although these effects have not been investigated in many species. We used solid-phase microextraction headspace sampling and solvent extraction coupled ...
Iakoubov Roman - - 2011
Luminal monounsaturated long-chain fatty acids [e.g. oleic acid (OA)] increase secretion of the incretin, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) from the ileocolonic L cell. However, it is not known whether OA ingestion causes a sufficient increase in distal luminal concentrations to directly enhance GLP-1 secretion. Furthermore, we have demonstrated that protein kinase ...
Wang Yuefei - - 2011
In the present study, polysaccharides named ALPS and ASPS were isolated from Ampelopsis grossedentata leaves and stems, respectively. Physicochemical properties, in vitro antioxidant activities and the inhibitory effects on α-glucosidase of ALPS and ASPS were investigated. It was found that both ALPS and ASPS were acid protein-bound heteropolysaccharides, although with ...
Kukiattrakoon Boonlert - - 2011
An increase in surface roughness of ceramics may decrease strength and affect the clinical success of ceramic restorations. However, little is known about the effect of acidic agents on ceramic restorations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the surface roughness of dental ceramics after being immersed in acidic ...
Huang Kai-Han - - 2011
Taurine has chemical structure similar to an inhibitory neurotransmitter, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Previous studies on GABA in the stomach suggest GABAergic neuron is involved in acid secretion, but the effects of taurine are poor understood. The effects of taurine on acid secretion, signal transduction, and localization of taurinergic neurons were ...
Mouchlis Varnavas D - - 2011
Group IIA secreted phospholipase A₂ (GIIA sPLA₂) is a member of the mammalian sPLA₂ enzyme family and is associated with various inflammatory conditions. In this study, the synthesis of 2-oxoamides based on α-amino acids and the in vitro evaluation against three secreted sPLA₂s (GIIA, GV and GX) are described. The ...
Cui Hao Zhen - - 2011
Ursolic acid is reported to have beneficial effects on the regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis. However, the effects of ursolic acid on cardiac hormone secretion are yet to be defined. The present study was designed to test the effects of ursolic acid on the secretory and contractile functions of the atria. ...
Hu Jing - - 2011
The γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporters (GATs) have long been recognized for their key role in the uptake of neurotransmitters. The GAT1 belongs to the family of Na(+)- and Cl(-)-coupled transport proteins, which possess 12 putative transmembrane (TM) domains and three N-glycosylation sites on the extracellular loop between TM domains 3 ...
Sugiarto Go - - 2011
Sialyl Lewis(x) (SLe(x), Siaα2-3Galβ1-4(Fucα1-3)GlcNAcβOR) is an important sialic acid-containing carbohydrate epitope involved in many biological processes such as inflammation and cancer metastasis. In the biosynthetic process of SLe(x), α2-3-sialyltransferase-catalyzed sialylation generally proceeds prior to α1-3-fucosyltransferase-catalyzed fucosylation. For the chemoenzymatic synthesis of SLe(x) containing different sialic acid forms, however, it would ...
Watson David C - - 2011
In addition to sialic acid, bacteria produce several other nonulosonic acids, including legionaminic acid (Leg). This has exactly the same stereochemistry as sialic acid, with the added features of 9-deoxy and 7-amino groups. In order to explore the biological effects of replacing sialic acid residues (Neu5Ac) in glycoconjugates with Leg ...
Díaz A O - - 2010
The histochemistry of glycoproteins (GP) in the mucous cells of the gills of the silverside Odontesthes bonariensis was identified with: (1) oxidizable vicinal diols; (2) sialic acid and some of their chain variants, carbon 7 ((7) C), carbon 8 ((8) C) or carbon 9 ((9) C); (3) sialic acid residues ...
Liu Xin - - 2010
Neutralization of carboxylic acid is an important means to avoid sialic acid dissociation when sialylated glycans are analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). In this paper, we describe a simple and rapid method to modify the sialic acids of sialylated glycans in the presence of methylamine and ...
Doignon Isabelle - - 2011
Early neuroendocrine pathways contribute to liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PH). We investigated one of these pathways involving acute cholestasis, immediate portal hyperpressure, and arginine vasopressin (AVP) secretion. Surgical procedure (PH, Portal vein stenosis (PVS), bile duct ligation (BDL), spinal cord lesion (SCL)) and treatments (capsaicin, bile acids (BA), oleanolic ...
Allevi Pietro - - 2010
The chemoselective synthesis of the 1,7-lactones of N-acetylneuraminic acid, N-glycolylneuraminic acid, and 3-deoxy-d-glycero-d-galacto-nononic acid is accomplished in two steps: a simple treatment of the corresponding free sialic acid with benzyloxycarbonyl chloride and a successive hydrogenolysis of the formed 2-benzyloxycarbonyl 1,7-lactone. The instability of the 1,7-lactones to protic solvents has been ...
Kapoor Anoop - - 2011
Background. Loss of bone density with androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer is well recognized. We assessed the effects of quarterly infusion of zoledronic acid on bone mineral density (BMD) and markers of bone turnover over a one-year period in men receiving gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnRH-a) for prostate cancer. Methods. ...
Kim Seonghun - - 2010
Sialidases can be used to transfer sialic acids from sialoglycans to asialoglycoconjugates via the trans-glycosylation reaction mechanism. Some pathogenic bacteria decorate their surfaces with sialic acids which were often scavenged from host sialoglycoconjugates using their surface-localized enzymes. In this study, we constructed an in vitro trans-sialylation system by reconstructing the ...
Markely Lam Raga A - - 2010
Sialic acid can improve qualities of therapeutic glycoproteins such as circulatory half-life, biological activity, and solubility. In production of therapeutic glycoproteins, a high-throughput method is required for process monitoring and optimization to ensure consistent and optimal sialic acid content. Current methods for quantifying sialic acid, however, require chromatographic separation that ...
Morley Thomas J - - 2010
The sialic acids found on eukaryotic glycans have remarkably diverse core structures, with a range of modifications at C5, C7, C8 and C9. These carbohydrates have been found to play key roles in cell-cell interactions within eukaryotes and often serve as the initial site of attachment for viruses and bacteria. ...
Bond Michelle R - - 2010
When photoirradiated, an unnatural sialic acid analog can covalently capture the complex formed by ganglioside GM1 and cholera toxin subunit B.
Veluraja Kasinadar - - 2010
The inherent flexibility and lack of strong intramolecular interactions of oligosaccharides demand the use of theoretical methods for their structural elucidation. In spite of the developments of theoretical methods, not much research on glycoinformatics is done so far when compared to bioinformatics research on proteins and nucleic acids. We have ...
Warwas Mark L - - 2010
A gene encoding a putative sialidase was identified in the genome of the opportunistic fungal pathogen, Aspergillus fumigatus. Computational analysis showed that this protein has Asp box and FRIP domains, it was predicted to have an extracellular localization, and a mass of 42 kDa, all of which are characteristics of ...
Ishibashi Yuji - - 2010
Almost all of fucose and sialic acid in mucus are found on the mucus glycoproteins (mucins), and these sugar components on mucins are known to be associated with the viscous property of mucus. We have reported some aspects of carbocisteine, a mucoregulatory drug, correcting fucose and sialic acid contents in ...
Spichtig Véronique - - 2010
Sialic acids are becoming recognized as important components of milk-based products for infants and young children. As such, many companies now label the sialic acid content of their products. To control the labeling, suitable methods are required for this analysis. The objective of this work was to set up a ...
Alley William R WR - - 2010
A number of alterations to the normal glycomic profile have been previously described for a number of diseases and disorders, thus underscoring the medical importance of studying the glycans associated with proteins present in biological samples. An important alteration in cancer progression is an increased level of alpha2,6-sialylation, which aids ...
Galuska Sebastian P - - 2010
Sialic acids usually represent the terminal monosaccharide of glycoconjugates and are directly involved in many biological processes. The cellular concentration of their nucleotide-activated form is one pacemaker for the highly variable sialylation of glycoconjugates. Hence, the determination of CMP-sialic acid levels is an important factor to understand the complex glycosylation ...
Weiman Shannon - - 2010
GBS (Group B Streptococcus) requires capsular Sia (sialic acid) for virulence and partially modifies this sugar by O-acetylation. In the present paper we describe serotype-specific patterns of GBS Sia O-acetylation that can be manipulated by genetic and biochemical means. In vitro and in vivo assays demonstrate that this subtle modification ...
Bansal A - - 2010
The present study was conducted in 30 patients of malignant pleural effusion and 30 patients of non malignant pleural effusion. Pleural fluid and blood samples were taken at the time of admission, before starting any treatment. Sialic acid levels were estimated in serum and pleural fluid by Warren's TBA method. ...
Muiá Romina P - - 2010
Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of the American trypanosomiasis or Chagas disease, bypasses its lack of de novo synthesis of sialic acids by expressing a surface-anchored trans-sialidase. This enzyme transfers sialic acid residues from the host's sialylglycoconjugates to the parasite's galactosylglycoconjugates. In addition to carrying out a pivotal role in parasite ...
Tosi G - - 2010
Polymeric nanoparticles (Np) have been considered as strategic carriers for brain targeting. Specific ligands on the surface allowed the Np to cross the Blood-Brain Barrier (BBB) carrying model drugs within the brain district after their i.v. administration in experimental animals. It is known that sialic acid receptors are present in ...
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