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Results 351 - 400 of 2016
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Valianpour Fredoen - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sialic acid storage diseases (SSDs) are severe autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorders caused by a transport defect across the lysosomal membrane, which leads to accumulation of sialic acid in tissues, fibroblasts, and urine. Defective free sialic acid transport can be established by quantification of free sialic acid in urine. METHODS: ...
Krapp Stephan - - 2003
Sialic acids are activated by CMP-5-N-acetylneuraminic acid synthetase prior to their transfer onto oligo- or polysaccharides. Here, we present the crystal structure of the N-terminal catalytically active domain of the murine 5-N-acetylneuraminic acid synthetase in complex with the reaction product. In contrast to the previously solved structure of 5-N-acetylneuraminic acid ...
Hayakawa Tomohiro - - 2003
A new and simple fluorometric method for determine quantities of gangliosides ranging from pico- to nanomoles is reported. Spraying hydrochloric acid followed by a heating treatment, sugars (glucose, galactose, fucose, N-acetylgalactosamine, N-acetylglucosamine, N-acetylneuraminic acid (sialic acid)), gangliosides (G(M1), G(D1a), G(T1b)), and asialoganglioside (asialoG(M1)) on thin-layer chromatography plates produced fluorescence under ...
Javors Martin A - - 2003
AIMS: The purpose of this paper is to present a brief review of the literature and to summarize the current status of four biochemical markers for alcohol consumption, carbohydrate deficient transferrin (CDT), total serum sialic acid (TSA), sialic acid index of apolipoprotein J (SIJ) and serum beta-hexosaminidase (beta-HEX). FINDINGS: Of ...
Yamaguchi Masanori - - 2003
Systematic syntheses of lactamized neuraminic acid-containing gangliosides GM4, sulfated sialylparagloboside, and sulfated/nonsulfated sialyl Lewis X are described. The highly efficient, one-step lactamization of neuraminic acid was accomplished by treatment of the N-deacetylated sialic acid (neuraminic acid)-containing gangliosides with HBTU and HOBt in DMF at 65 degrees C. Both the lactamized ...
Etus V - - 2003
OBJECT: Besides mechanical damage done by the enlarging ventricles, biochemical impairment in the periventricular tissue represents an important factor resulting from or contributing to the pathogenesis of hydrocephalus. In this study the changes in periventricular region total sialic acid levels in the early stage of experimentally induced hydrocephalus were evaluated. ...
Ringenberg Michael A - - 2003
A variety of pathogens or commensals use at least one of four distinct mechanisms for decorating their surfaces with sialic acid as a strategy to avoid, subvert or inhibit host innate immunity. The metabolism of sialic acid thus is central to a range of host-pathogen interactions. The first committed step ...
Denis Maghil - - 2003
A naturally occurring hemagglutinin was detected in the serum of the freshwater crab, Paratelphusa jacquemontii (Rathbun). Hemagglutination activity with different mammalian erythrocytes suggested a strong affinity of the serum agglutinin for horse and rabbit erythrocytes. The most potent inhibitor of hemagglutination proved to be bovine submaxillary mucin. The lectin was ...
Wang B - - 2003
Sialic acids are a family of nine-carbon acidic monosaccharides that occur naturally at the end of sugar chains attached to the surfaces of cells and soluble proteins. In the human body, the highest concentration of sialic acid (as N-acetylneuraminic acid) occurs in the brain where it participates as an integral ...
Wang Bing - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The concentration of sialic acid in brain gangliosides and glycoproteins has been linked to learning ability in animal studies. Human milk is a rich source of sialic acid-containing oligosaccharides and is a potential source of exogenous sialic acid. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the sialic ...
Hara-Yokoyama Miki - - 2003
Three kinds of novel sulfated gangliosides structurally related to the Chol-1 (alpha-series) ganglioside GQ1balpha were synthesized. These sulfated gangliosides were potent inhibitors of NADase activity of leukocyte cell surface antigen CD38. Among the synthetic gangliosides, GSC-338 (II(3)III(6)-disulfate of iso-GM1b) was surprisingly found to be the most potent structure in both ...
Robbe Catherine - - 2003
Mucin glycans were isolated from different regions of the normal human intestine (ileum, cecum, transverse and sigmoid colon, and rectum) of two individuals with ALeb blood group. A systematic study of the monosaccharides and oligosaccharide alditols released by reductive beta-elimination from mucins was performed using gas chromatography, matrix-assisted laser desorption ...
Raphael T J - - 2003
The effects of naturally occurring monoterpenes on lung metastasis induced by B16F-10 melanoma cells were studied in C57BL/6 mice. Administration of monoterpenes such as limonene (100 micromoles/kg body wt. 10 doses i.p.) and perillic acid (50 micromoles/kg body wt 10 doses i.p.) remarkably reduced the metastatic tumour nodule formation by ...
Matsukawa Nao - - 2003
Radical reaction of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is a key step in atherogenesis and causes both a decrease in the sialic acid moiety and modification of apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB). Although apoB modification (cross-link and fragmentation) increases in atherosclerosis, the change in apoB-bound sialic acid in atherosclerosis is controversial. To elucidate the ...
Beermann Christopher - - 2003
The goal of this work was to alter the composition of amide-linked FA of bovine buttermilk gangliosides, particularly the disialoganglioside GD3, to adjust lipid sources to special food specifications and pharmacological or cosmetic applications. The chemical transacylation of amide-linked FA of buttermilk gangliosides with free arachidic acid (20:0) by a ...
Zuber Christian - - 2003
The expression of alpha2,6- and alpha2,3-linked sialic acids on N-glycans was studied in embryonic, postnatal, and adult rat kidney. Histochemistry and blotting using Polyporus squamosus and Sambucus nigra lectins for alpha2,6-linked sialic acids and the Maackia amurensis lectin for alpha2,3-linked sialic acids were performed and sialyltransferase activity was assayed. N-glycans ...
Chenu Stephane - - 2003
Rodent cells, widely used for the industrial production of recombinant human glycoproteins, possess CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid hydroxylase (CMP-Neu5Ac hydroxylase; EC 1.14.13.45) which is the key enzyme in the formation of the sialic acid, N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc). This enzyme is not expressed in an active form in man and evidence suggests that ...
Pons Alexandre - - 2003
A GC/MS procedure was developed for the analysis of all major constituents of glycoproteins. The rationale for this approach is that by using GC/MS analysis of the constituents as heptafluorobutyrate derivatives, it was possible to quantitatively determine the sialic acid, monosaccharide, fatty acids (when present), and the amino acid composition ...
Kleta Robert - - 2003
The differential diagnosis of developmental delays and growth retardation in early childhood includes the allelic lysosomal sialic acid storage disorders, Salla disease and infantile free sialic acid storage disease (ISSD). These diseases, due to defective free sialic acid transport out of lysosomes, derive from mutations in the SLC17A5 gene coding ...
Castilhos Cristina D - - 2003
Lysosomal storage disorders (LSD) present great clinical variability. Included in this group are sialic acid metabolism disorders (SAMD). In the present study, we describe the application of a 3-step protocol for the diagnosis of SAMD, including (1). oligosaccharide and sialyloligosaccharide chromatography; (2). quantitative determination of sialic acid; and (3). measurement ...
Esquenazi D - - 2003
Experiments were performed to determine whether sialic acids are expressed in two dermatophytes: Trichophyton rubrum and T. mentagrophytes, similarly to other fungal pathogens. Chemical extraction of mycelia and microconidia followed by high-performance thin-layer chromatography and colorimetric assays were all negative for sialic acid. Incubation of dermatophytes in the presence of ...
Manesh C - - 2003
The effect of naturally occurring allyl and phenyl isothiocyanates in the inhibition of B16F-10 melanoma cells-induced metastasis has been studied in C57BL/6 mice. The two compounds were administered by three different modalities. Simultaneous administration of the compounds with tumour induction was found to produce significant reduction in the lung tumour ...
Vansteenkiste Johan - - 2003
Chemotherapy-induced anaemia has important consequences on the quality of life and social function of cancer patients. The finding of erythropoietin (EPO) deficiency in these patients led to the therapeutic development of erythropoietic proteins. Darbepoetin alfa (Aranesp), Amgen Inc, Thousand Oaks, California), a new erythropoietic growth factor, has eight more sialic ...
Duraisingh Manoj T - - 2003
The Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte-binding antigen 175 (EBA-175) is a ligand for merozoite invasion into human erythrocytes that binds to glycophorin A in a sialic acid-dependent manner. P. falciparum strain W2mef depends on sialic acid for invasion of erythrocytes, whereas 3D7 is sialic acid-independent. We generated parasites that lack expression or ...
Kirchner Lieselotte - - 2003
We report on a boy who presented at birth with gastroschisis and thereafter developed the characteristic clinical symptoms of infantile sialic acid storage disease within the first two months of life. Measurements of free sialic acid excretion (tenfold increase) in the urine and a 15-fold elevation of free sialic acid ...
Goon Scarlett - - 2003
The lipooligosaccharides (LOS) of Haemophilus ducreyi are highly sialylated, a modification that has been implicated in resistance to host defense and in virulence. In previous work, we demonstrated that H. ducreyi scavenges sialic acid from the extracellular milieu and incorporates those residues into LOS. Here we report that H. ducreyi ...
Malykh Yanina N - - 2003
N -Glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc), an abundant sialic acid in animal glycoconjugates, is formed by the enzyme CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid (CMP-Neu5Ac) hydroxylase. The amount of Neu5Gc relative to other sialic acids is highly dependent on the species, tissue and developmental stage. Although the activity of the hydroxylase is a key factor in ...
Koketsu M - - 2003
1. The distribution of sialic acid in the eggs of original Silky fowl was investigated. The sialic acid contents of the yolk, albumen and the chalaza of a single egg were 205.2, 11.96 and 0.83 mg, respectively. 2. The sialic acid content of the yolk of Silky eggs was 11.5-fold ...
Tettamanti G - - 2003
In this review, the focus is on the role of salvage pathways in glycosphingolipid, particularly, ganglioside metabolism. Ganglioside de novo biosynthesis, that begins with the formation of ceramide and continues with the sequential glycosylation steps producing the oligosaccharide moieties, is briefly outlined in its enzymological and cell-topological aspects. Neo-synthesized gangliosides ...
Aumiller Jared J JJ Department of Molecular Biology, University of Wyoming, P.O. Box 3944, Laramie, WY 82071-3944, - - 2003
We have previously engineered transgenic insect cell lines to express mammalian glycosyltransferases and showed that these cells can sialylate N-glycoproteins, despite the fact that they have little intracellular sialic acid and no detectable CMP-sialic acid. In the accompanying study, we presented evidence that these cell lines can salvage sialic acids ...
De Frutos Mercedes - - 2003
Different profiles were obtained by capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) of human erythropoietin (EPO) of recombinant and urinary origin. To unambiguously detect doping by EPO, direct methods able to determine the presence of the drug itself in a physiological fluid are required. Since the host cell line used for EPO production ...
Kumar A S Manoj - - 2003
Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis viruses (TMEV) consist of two groups, the high- and low-neurovirulence groups, based on lethality in intracerebrally inoculated mice. Low-neurovirulence TMEV result in a persistent central nervous system infection in mice, leading to an inflammatory demyelinating pathology and disease. Low- but not high-neurovirulence strains use sialic acid as ...
Agnani G - - 2003
We investigated the target structures of the epithelial cells responsible for the attachment of Porphyromonas gingivalis by immunocytofluorimetry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and confocal microscopy. Integrins (beta1, beta3, and alphaV) and E-cadherin played no significant role. Carbohydrates (such as alpha-D-methylglucoside, L-fucose, D- and L-mannose, N-acetylglucosamine, and N-acetylgalactosamine) had little inhibitory effect ...
Bulai Tatiana - - 2003
The composition of the human erythrocyte membrane (RBC) glycoprotein- and glycolipid-bound sialic acids of A, B, AB and O type donors was studied using a new method (Zanetta et al., Glycobiology 11 (2001) 663-676). In addition to Neu5Ac as the major compound, Kdn, Neu5,9Ac(2), Neu5,7Ac(2), Neu (de-N-acetylated-Neu5Ac), Neu5Ac8Me, Neu5Ac9Lt, Neu4,5Ac(2), ...
Angata Kiyohiko - - 2003
Polysialic acid is a unique carbohydrate composed of a linear homopolymer of alpha2,8-linked sialic acid, and is mainly attached to the fifth immunoglobulin-like domain of the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) via a typical N-linked glycan in vertebrate neural system. Polysialic acid plays critical roles in neural development by modulating ...
Desantis Salvatore - - 2003
Expression of sugar residues and the nature of oligosaccharide linkage during keratinocyte maturation in the epidermis of the Breton dog were studied with the use of lectin histochemistry. Thirteen lectins were used. Labelling was not observed with GSA I-B4, GSA II, UEA-I, and LTA. The cytoplasm of keratinocytes reacted with ...
Wongkham Sopit - - 2003
BACKGROUND: High levels of serum total sialic acid (TSA) have been reported in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) patients. In this study, the clinical value and possible cause of increased total sialic acid in the serum in cholangiocarcinoma patients were examined. METHODS: Total sialic acid was determined in 172 serum and 25 tumor ...
Strehle E M - - 2003
This paper gives an overview of the two sialic acid storage disorders, Salla disease and infantile sialic acid storage disease, and the related disorders cystinosis, sialuria, sialidosis, and galactosialidosis. Sialic acid storage disease and cystinosis are models for a deficient lysosomal transport of monosaccharides and amino acids, respectively. Several gene ...
Luchansky Sarah J - - 2003
Sialic acid is a major determinant of carbohydrate-receptor interactions in many systems pertinent to human health and disease. N-Acetylmannosamine (ManNAc) is the first committed intermediate in the sialic acid biosynthetic pathway; thus, the mechanisms that control intracellular ManNAc levels are important regulators of sialic acid production. UDP-GlcNAc 2-epimerase and GlcNAc ...
Lanz Christian - - 2002
Serum transferrin (Tf) comprises several isoforms with up to two complex oligosaccharide chains containing zero to eight sialic acid residues and neutral sugars. The major glycoform, known as tetrasialo-Tf, contains four sialic acid residues and accounts for about 80% of whole Tf in human serum. Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) encompasses isoforms ...
Lamari Fotini N - - 2002
Sialic acids are biosynthesized by almost all organisms as a 9-carbon carboxylated monosaccharide and are integral components of glycoconjugates. More than 40 naturally occurring sialic acid derivatives of the three main forms of sialic acids, the N-acetyl- and N-glycolylneuraminic acid and 2-keto-3-deoxy-nonulosonic acid have been identified. Due to the great ...
Voight Eric A - - 2002
Formal total syntheses of the naturally occurring deaminated sialic acids KDN (2), a potential oncofetal antigen, and N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac, 1), the most naturally abundant sialic acid, have been accomplished in 46% and 9.3% overall yield, respectively, via a novel ketalization/ring-closing metathesis sequence. The rapid introduction of all oxygen and ...
Nok Andrew J - - 2003
Sialidase from Entamoeba histolytica was purified to apparent electrophoretic homogeneity by chromatography on hydroxyapatite, reactive brown agarose, fetuin/agarose and by fast performance liquid chromatography on a MonoQ column. The enzyme had a molecular mass of 65 kDa, as determined by SDS-PAGE. It had an optimum pH of 5.5 and was ...
Poschet Jens - - 2002
A new link between the genetic defect and lung pathology in cystic fibrosis (CF) has been established by the recent discovery of an abnormally acidic pH in the organelles of CF respiratory epithelial cells, along with an increased acidity of the CF airway surface liquid. The defect in cystic fibrosis ...
Iwase Hitoo - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Human serum IgA1 has a mucin-like structure on its hinge portion which is composed of a mucin-type sugar chain and amino acid sequence rich in proline, serine and threonine. There are incompletely glycosylated O-linked oligosaccharide(s) on the IgA1 hinge region in some nephropathy patients. METHODS: We made a detailed ...
Oehler Christian - - 2002
A ganglioside-specific sialidase that controls cellular functions such as growth, differentiation, and adhesion has been observed in a variety of cells, but its characterization proved difficult due to firm membrane attachment and lability of the purified enzyme. Here we report on the specificity toward gangliosides and susceptibility to certain inhibitors ...
Fan Gang-Ting - - 2002
The synthesis of a sialic acid dimer derivative, Neu5Acalpha(2-->5)Neu5Gc, is described. The synthetic strategy is based on the use of allyl alcohol to achieve an exclusive alpha-sialylation product. The allyloxy group is also a latent glycolic acid that provides the subsequent coupling with neuraminate with minimal protection-deprotection manipulations.
Büttner Bettina - - 2002
Sialylation is essential for development and regeneration in mammals. Using N-propanoylmannosamine, a novel precursor of sialic acid, we were able to incorporate unnatural sialic acids with a prolonged N-acyl side chain (e.g., N-propanoylneuraminic acid) into cell surface glycoconjugates. Here we report that this biochemical engineering of sialic acid leads to ...
Arnberg Niklas - - 2002
Most adenoviruses use the coxsackie-adenovirus receptor (CAR) as a major cellular receptor. We have shown recently that adenovirus types 8, 19a, and 37, which are the major causes of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, use sialic acid rather than CAR as a major cellular receptor. The predicted isoelectric point of the receptor-interacting knob ...
Humphrey Andrew J - - 2002
Several unnatural N-acyl neuraminic acids (N-propionyl, N-hexanoyl, N-benzoyl, N-trifluoroacetyl, N-chloroacetyl, N-difluoroacetyl) were prepared enzymatically using immobilised sialic acid aldolase. N-Trifluoroacetyl-, N-chloroacetyl- and N-difluoroacetyl neuraminic acids were shown to enhance up to 10-fold the rate of association of influenza virus A to a sialoglycolipid neomembrane by surface plasmon resonance, and were ...
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