Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2014
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Domeneghini Cinzia - - 2005
Conventional histochemical methods as well as lectin-binding techniques were used to study glycoconjugates that are present in the alimentary canal of the European eel (Anguilla anguilla). Specimens from pharynx, oesophagus, stomach and intestine were collected from adult ("silver eel" stage) females. Alcian Blue pH 2.5/PAS and High Iron Diamine/Alcian Blue ...
Gam Lay-Harn - - 2005
The microheterogeneity property of hCG with regards to its sialic acid contents resulted in variable mobility of the glycoprotein in SDS-PAGE. The intact hCG molecule is composed of two dissimilar subunits, namely alpha- and beta-subunits. The identification of hCG bands in SDS-PAGE was accomplished by the immunoblotting experiment, whereby the ...
Yu Hai - - 2004
Three C terminal His6-tagged recombinant microbial CMP-sialic acid synthetases [EC 2.7.7.43] cloned from Neisseria meningitidis group B, Streptococcus agalactiae serotype V, and Escherichia coli K1, respectively, were evaluated for their ability in the synthesis of CMP-sialic acid derivatives in a one-pot two-enzyme system. In this system, N-acetylmannosamine or mannose analogs ...
Park Jee Hun - - 2004
The mushroom Paecilomyces japonica, grown on the silkworm larvae, has been used in Asia as a nutraceutical, tea, and Chinese medicine. In the present study, a sialic acid-specific lectin has been purified from the mushroom P. japonica using affinity chromatography on a fetuin-agarose column. Electrophoretical analyses indicated that this lectin, ...
Phillips A D - - 2004
Microvillous atrophy, a disorder of intractable diarrhoea in infancy, is characterised by the intestinal epithelial cell abnormalities of abnormal accumulation of periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) positive secretory granules within the apical cytoplasm and the presence of microvillous inclusions. The identity of the PAS positive material is not known, and the aim ...
Consoli Grazia M L - - 2004
Novel calix[4 or 8]arene-based glycoconjugates exposing terminal N-acetyl-D-glucosamine clusters have been synthesized using amino acid-calixarenes as building blocks. The obtained glycosamino acid-calixarenes 9b-14b have lectin-binding ability and amplified inhibitory effects on erythrocyte agglutination induced by wheat germ (Triticum vulgaris) agglutinin (WGA). The inhibitory ability is dependent on the presence of ...
Raymond Jon B - - 2005
The peptidoglycan of most bacteria consists of a repeating disaccharide unit of beta-1,4-linked N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetylglucosamine. However, the muramic acid moieties of the mycobacterial peptidoglycan are N-glycolylated, not N-acetylated. This is a rare modification seen only in the peptidoglycan of mycobacteria and five other closely related genera of bacteria. ...
Mancini R A - - 2004
Ascorbic acid was evaluated as a way of preventing bone discoloration. In experiment 1, beef bone-in t-bone steaks (lumbar vertebrae and longissimus) were treated with 0%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.5%, 1.0%, or 1.5% ascorbic acid (n=10). Vertebrae and muscle color (L(*)a(*)b(*)) were evaluated initially and after 24 h in 80% O(2)/20% ...
Borromeo Vitaliano - - 2004
A substantial amount of highly purified, biologically active bovine FSH was isolated from pituitary extracts by immunoaffinity chromatography based on a novel anti-bovine FSH beta-subunit monoclonal antibody. The biological activity was assessed in vitro using a steroidogenic granulosa cell line constitutively expressing the FSH receptor. Amino acid analysis, N-terminal amino ...
Morin Pierre - - 2004
The modification of cell surface lipids or proteins with sialic acid is essential for many biological processes and several diseases are caused by defective sialic acid metabolism. Sialic acids cleaved off from degraded sialoglycoconjugates are exported from lysosomes by a membrane transporter, named sialin, which is defective in two allelic ...
Benie Andrew J - - 2004
N-Acetylmannosamine (ManNAc) is the physiological precursors to all sialic acids that occur in nature. As variations in the sialic acid decoration of cell surfaces can profoundly affect cell-cell, pathogen-cell, or drug-cell interactions, the enzymes that convert ManNAc into sialic acid are attractive targets for the development of drugs that specifically ...
Frullano Luca - - 2004
The detection of sialic acid in living systems is of importance for the diagnosis of several types of malignancy. We have designed and synthesized two new lanthanide ion ligands (L1 and L2) that are capable of molecular recognition of sialic acid residues. The basic structure of these ligands consists of ...
Romero-Ramírez Lorenzo - - 2004
Neurostatin, a mammalian brain inhibitor of division of astroblast and astrocytoma cells, was characterized as the disialoganglioside GD1b, 9-O-acetylated on the outer sialic acid residue (Galbeta1-->3GalNAcbeta1-->4(9-O-Ac-NeuAcalpha2-->8NeuAcalpha2-->3)Galbeta1-->4Glcbeta1-->1'-ceramide). Using semisynthetic approaches, we prepared and tested different gangliosides O-acetylated in the sialic acid and compared them to non-O-acetylated partners as inhibitors of U-373 ...
Gabrielli M G - - 2004
Sialoderivatives expressed in the rabbit oviduct under hormonal treatment have been investigated in situ by lectin histochemistry with a view to specifying further regional and temporal specializations which enable ampulla and isthmus to play distinct roles in the reproductive events. Application of MAL II and SNA lectins allowed sialoglycoconjugates containing ...
Luchansky Sarah J - - 2004
Glycoproteins are essential for cellular communication and are the most rapidly growing class of therapeutic agents. Chemical modification of glycoproteins has been employed to improve their in vivo efficacy or to label them for detection. Methods for the controlled derivatization of glycoproteins are presently limited by the repertoire of natural ...
Johnson Daniel - - 2004
Voltage-gated sodium channels (Nav) are responsible for initiation and propagation of nerve, skeletal muscle, and cardiac action potentials. Nav are composed of a pore-forming alpha subunit and often one to several modulating beta subunits. Previous work showed that terminal sialic acid residues attached to alpha subunits affect channel gating. Here ...
Haselhorst Thomas - - 2004
Saturation transfer difference (STD) (1)H NMR experiments were used to probe the epitope binding characteristics of the sialidase [EC 3.2.1.18] from the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera. Binding preferences were investigated for N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac, 1), the product of the sialidase catalytic reaction, for the known sialidase ...
Horstkorte Rüdiger - - 2004
Sialylation of glycoconjugates is essential for mammalian cells. Sialic acid is synthesized in the cytosol from N-acetylmannosamine by several consecutive steps. Using N-propanoylmannosamine, a novel precursor of sialic acid, we are able to incorporate unnatural sialic acids with a prolonged N-acyl side chain (e.g., N-propanoylneuraminic acid) into glycoconjugates taking advance ...
Cortés Paula P - - 2004
The aim of this study was to assess the participation of carbohydrate residues in the adhesion of spermatozoa to the oviductal epithelium in the rat. We first examined, by lectin labeling, the distribution of glycoconjugates in rat oviducts obtained under various hormonal environments. Several classes of glycoconjugates were abundant in ...
Münster-Kühnel Anja K - - 2004
Activation of sugars into nucleotide sugars is critical for their entry into biosynthetic pathways. In eukaryotic cells, the activation of the acidic nine-carbon sugar sialic acid to CMP-sialic acid takes place in the cell nucleus, whereas all other nucleotide sugars are made in the cytoplasm. Molecular cloning of vertebrate CMP-sialic ...
Schauer Roland - - 2004
Sialic acids are monosaccharides with relatively strong acidity which belong to the most important molecules of higher animals and also occur in some microorganisms. They are bound to complex carbohydrates and occupy prominent positions, especially in cell membranes. Their structural diversity is high and, correspondingly, the mechanisms for their biosynthesis ...
Ceciliani Fabrizio - - 2004
Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is an immune-mediated disease of domestic and exotic felides infected with feline coronavirus. FIP is characterized by the overexpression of an acute phase protein, the alpha1-acid glycoprotein (AGP). In humans, AGP is a heavily glycosylated protein that undergoes several modifications of its glycan moiety during acute ...
Nagamune Kisaburo - - 2004
The African trypanosome Trypanosoma brucei, which causes sleeping sickness in humans and Nagana disease in livestock, is spread via blood-sucking Tsetse flies. In the fly's intestine, the trypanosomes survive digestive and trypanocidal environments, proliferate, and translocate into the salivary gland, where they become infectious to the next mammalian host. Here, ...
Horstkorte Rüdiger - - 2004
Sialylation of glycoproteins and glycolipids plays an important role during development, regeneration and pathogenesis of several diseases. The precursor of all physiological sialic acids is N-acetyl-d-mannosamine. Using N-propanoyl mannosamine, a novel precursor of sialic acid, we showed earlier that sialic acids with a prolonged N-acyl side chain (e.g., N-propanoyl neuraminic ...
Turula Vincent E - - 2004
The development of an analytical procedure for the evaluation of a conjugate vaccine's structural wholeness or integrity is described. The principle component of the vaccine was the N-propionylated group B meningococcal polysaccharide (NPr-GBMP) covalently attached to a carrier protein. The goal of the procedure was to determine whether any whole ...
Agustí Rosalía - - 2004
Chagas' disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, affects about 18 million people in Latin America, and no effective treatment is available to date. To acquire sialic acid from the host glycoconjugates, T. cruzi expresses an unusual surface sialidase with trans-sialidase activity (TcTS) that transfers the sugar to parasite mucins. Surface sialic ...
Zaitsev Viatcheslav - - 2004
Paramyxoviruses are the leading cause of respiratory disease in children. Several paramyxoviruses possess a surface glycoprotein, the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN), that is involved in attachment to sialic acid receptors, promotion of fusion, and removal of sialic acid from infected cells and progeny virions. Previously we showed that Newcastle disease virus (NDV) ...
Hellebø Audny - - 2004
Infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) is the causative agent of infections in farmed Atlantic salmon. ISAV presumably represents a new genus within the Orthomyxoviridae. ISAV has been shown earlier to exhibit a receptor-destroying activity, which was defined as an acetylesterase with unknown specificity. We have analyzed the substrate specificity of ...
Sutton Jaime M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Invasive trophoblast antigen (ITA), also known as hyperglycosylated hCG, is a glycosylation variant of hCG produced by invasive cytotrophoblast cells. Publications show that ITA is potentially a sensitive test for Down syndrome screening, reportedly detecting 38 and 80% of cases at a 5% false-positive rate in the first and ...
Glogarová Katerina - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The splotch (Sp(2H)), Pax-3 mutant mice are characterized by neurulation defects, neural crest deficiencies, and altered somitogenesis. A link connecting all morphological abnormalities in the Pax-3 homozygous embryos is the composition of extracellular matrix and misexpression of cell adhesion molecules. The neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) is one of ...
Vimr Eric R - - 2004
Sialic acids are structurally unique nine-carbon keto sugars occupying the interface between the host and commensal or pathogenic microorganisms. An important function of host sialic acid is to regulate innate immunity, and microbes have evolved various strategies for subverting this process by decorating their surfaces with sialylated oligosaccharides that mimic ...
Jones Mark B - - 2004
"Sialic acid engineering" refers to the strategy where cell surface carbohydrates are modified by the biosynthetic incorporation of metabolic intermediates, such as non-natural N-acetylmannosamine (ManNAc) analogues, into cellular glycoconjugates. While this technology has promising research, biomedical, and biotechnological applications due to its ability to endow the cell surface with novel ...
d'Avila-Levy Claudia Masini - - 2004
The glycoprotein profiles of seven choanomastigote-shaped trypanosomatids (six Crithidia spp. and one Herpetomonas sp.), which have been suggested to form three distinct taxonomic groups (Crithidia, Angomonas and Strigomonas), were analyzed by Western blotting using the lectins Limax flavus (LFA), Sambucus nigra (SNA) and Maackia amurensis (MAA), which specifically recognize sialic ...
Kim Eun Jeong - - 2004
The supplementation of the sialic acid biosynthetic pathway with exogenously supplied N-acetylmannosamine (ManNAc) analogs has many potential biomedical and biotechnological applications. In this work, we explore the structure-activity relationship of Man-NAc analogs on cell viability and metabolic flux into the sialic acid biosynthetic pathway to gain a better understanding of ...
Shen Yanqin - - 2004
The expression of O-acetylated sialic acids in human colonic mucins is developmentally regulated, and a reduction of O-acetylation has been found to be associated with the early stages of colorectal cancer. Despite this, however, little is known about the enzymatic process of sialic acid O-acetylation in human colonic mucosa. Recently, ...
Vajner Ludek - - 2004
The proportion of goblet cells containing various fucosylated glycoconjugates was evaluated with the use of lectin histochemistry in rabbit tracheal epithelium at 15 and 30 min after intravenous administration of either aminophylline (Syntophyllin) or a mixture of etophylline and theophylline (Oxantil). Methylxanthine derivatives are nonspecific inhibitors of phosphodiesterases that are ...
Fermo Isabella - - 2004
Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) is the most specific marker for diagnosis of chronic excessive alcohol consumption and includes the serum transferrin (Tf) isoforms with two or less sialic acid residues (di-, mono-, and asialo-Tf). To monitor serum CDT, we developed a capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) method based on the dynamic capillary ...
Nakano Miyako - - 2004
We analyzed carbohydrate chains of human, bovine, sheep, and rat alpha1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) and found that carbohydrate chains of AGP of different animals showed quite distinct variations. Human AGP is a highly negatively charged acidic glycoprotein (pKa = 2.6; isoelectic point = 2.7) with a molecular weight of approximately 37,000 ...
Mizuno Mamoru - - 2004
Glycosyl amino acids having natural glycan were useful for the interaction assay of oligosaccharides. A glycochip containing the whole structure of an oligosaccharide was easily prepared by the immobilization of the glycosyl amino acid. Furthermore, fluorescence probes were introduced into the glycosyl amino acid while maintaining the whole structure of ...
Shen Yanqin - - 2004
A decrease in the level of O-acetylated sialic acids observed in colorectal carcinoma may lead to an increase in the expression of sialyl Lewis(X), a tumor-associated antigen, which is related to progression of colorectal cancer to metastasis. The underlying mechanism for this reduction is, however, not fully understood. Two enzymes ...
Ishiwari Kouhei - - 2004
We report the first Japanese case of Salla disease. A 5-year-old male patient developed unique proteinuria with other clinical manifestations, including coarse facies, dysostosis multiplex, mild mitral valve regurgitation, umbilical and inguinal herniation, and mild developmental delay. Pathological analysis of biopsied kidney tissues showed marked vacuolation of podocytes, mesangial cells, ...
Tettamanti G - - 2004
In this review focus is given to the metabolic turnover of gangliosides/glycosphingolipids. The metabolism and accompanying intracellular trafficking of gangliosides/glycosphingolipids is illustrated with particular attention to the following events: (a) the de novo biosynthesis in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus, followed by vesicular sorting to the plasma membrane; (b) ...
Swords W Edward - - 2004
Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is a major cause of opportunistic respiratory tract infections, including otitis media and bronchitis. The persistence of NTHi in vivo is thought to involve bacterial persistence in a biofilm community. Therefore, there is a need for further definition of bacterial factors contributing to biofilm formation by ...
Schauer Roland - - 2004
Sialic acids are acidic monosaccharides, which are among the most important molecules of higher animals, and occur in some microorganisms. They are bound to complex carbohydrates and occupy prominent positions, especially in cell membranes. Their structural diversity is high and, correspondingly, the mechanisms for their biosynthesis are complex. Sialic acid ...
Morales Albert - - 2004
Glycosphingolipids (GSLs) comprise a class of lipids with important structural and signaling functions. Synthesized from ceramide in the Golgi, they are subsequently distributed to different compartments, most predominantly in the plasma membrane where they integrate signaling platforms. A recently characterized trafficking of ganglioside GD3 (GD3), a GSLs with two sialic-acid ...
Chefalo Peter P Department of Pathology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, - - 2004
The overexpression of N -acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) is closely correlated with malignant transformations. Thus, Neu5Ac is an important target in the design of cancer vaccines. To study the influence of chemical modifications of Neu5Ac on its immunological properties, the alpha-allyl glycosides of five differently N -acylated neuraminic acid derivatives were ...
Viswanathan Karthik - - 2003
Previous studies have indicated negligible levels of both sialylation and the precursor N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) in a number of insect cell lines grown in serum-free medium. The overexpression of the human sialic acid 9-phosphate synthase (SAS) in combination with N-acetylmannosamine (ManNAc) feeding has been shown to overcome this limitation. In ...
Kim Kyu Kwang - - 2003
Novel chromophoric compound 1 promotes the HPLC postcolumn detection of mono- and oligosaccharides. The detection of chromatographic peaks in the visible region for glucose, fructose, maltodextrins, sialic acid, and a ganglioside can be accomplished with a standard UV-vis detector. The use of selective, reversible binding agents in automated HPLC assays ...
Valianpour Fredoen - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sialic acid storage diseases (SSDs) are severe autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorders caused by a transport defect across the lysosomal membrane, which leads to accumulation of sialic acid in tissues, fibroblasts, and urine. Defective free sialic acid transport can be established by quantification of free sialic acid in urine. METHODS: ...
Krapp Stephan - - 2003
Sialic acids are activated by CMP-5-N-acetylneuraminic acid synthetase prior to their transfer onto oligo- or polysaccharides. Here, we present the crystal structure of the N-terminal catalytically active domain of the murine 5-N-acetylneuraminic acid synthetase in complex with the reaction product. In contrast to the previously solved structure of 5-N-acetylneuraminic acid ...
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