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Siebert Hans-Christian - - 2009
The affinity to sialic acid-containing oligosaccharides of the small-animal lectin SHL-I isolated from the venom of the Chinese bird-hunting spider Selenocosmia huwena is here described for the first time. By a strategic combination of NMR techniques, molecular modeling, and data mining tools it was possible to identify the crucial amino ...
Malicdan May Christine V - - 2009
Distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles (DMRV)-hereditary inclusion body myopathy (hIBM) is an adult-onset, moderately progressive autosomal recessive myopathy; eventually, affected individuals become wheelchair bound1. It is characterized clinically by skeletal muscle atrophy and weakness, and pathologically by rimmed vacuoles, which are actually accumulations of autophagic vacuoles2, 3, 4, scattered angular ...
Mochel Fanny - - 2009
We performed high-resolution in vitro proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy on cerebrospinal fluid and urine samples of 44 patients with leukodystrophies of unknown cause. Free sialic acid concentration was increased in cerebrospinal fluid of two siblings with mental retardation and mild hypomyelination. By contrast, urinary excretion of free sialic acid ...
Schauer Roland - - 2009
The sialic acids of the platypus, birds, and reptiles were investigated with regard to the occurrence of N-glycolylneuraminic (Neu5Gc) acid. They were released from tissues, eggs, or salivary mucin samples by acid hydrolysis, and purified and analyzed by thin-layer chromatography, high-performance liquid chromatography, and mass spectrometry. In muscle and liver ...
Ambao V - - 2009
Sialic acid content in FSH is modulated by GnRH and sexual steroids. Galbeta1,3GlcNAcalpha2,3-sialyltransferase (ST3Gal III) and Galbeta1,4GlcNAcalpha2,6-sialyltransferase (ST6Gal I) incorporate sialic acid residues into FSH oligosaccharides. The aim of the present study was to assess pituitary FSH molecular microheterogeneity and ST3Gal III/ST6Gal I expression during sexual development and after castration ...
Tiralongo Joe - - 2009
Infection by Aspergillus fumigatus, which causes the life-threatening disease invasive aspergillosis, begins with the inhalation of conidia that adhere to and germinate in the lung. Previous studies have shown that A. fumigatus conidia express high levels of the negatively charged 9-carbon sugar sialic acid, and that sialic acid appears to ...
Trappetti Claudia - - 2009
The correlation between carbohydrate availability, pneumococcal biofilm formation, nasopharyngeal colonization, and invasion of the host has been investigated. Of a series of sugars, only sialic acid (i.e., N-acetylneuraminic acid) enhanced pneumococcal biofilm formation in vitro, at concentrations similar to those of free sialic acid in human saliva. In a murine ...
Lacomba Ram??n - - 2010
Gangliosides are sphingolipids containing one or more moieties of sialic acid in their structure. Both gangliosides and sialic acid are bioactive compounds related to animal physiology. Due to their biological relevance, analytical methods adapted to each type of matrix have been developed over time. The present study reviews the main ...
Tatum Fred M - - 2009
Many pathogenic bacteria employ systems to incorporate sialic acid into their membranes as a means of protection against host defense mechanisms. In Pasteurella multocida, an opportunistic pathogen which causes diseases of economic importance in a wide range of animal species, sialic acid uptake plays a role in a mouse model ...
Schoenhofen Ian C - - 2009
The sialic acid-like sugar 5,7-diacetamido-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nonulosonic acid, or legion-aminic acid, is found as a virulence-associated cell-surface glycoconjugate in the Gram-negative bacteria Legionella pneumophila and Campylobacter coli. L. pneumophila serogroup 1 strains, causative agents of Legionnaire's disease, contain an alpha2,4-linked homopolymer of legionaminic acid within their lipopolysaccharide O-chains, whereas the gastrointestinal pathogen ...
Cowan Christopher B CB Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, University of Maryland Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250, - - 2009
beta-Amyloid peptide (A beta), the primary protein component in senile plaques associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD), has been implicated in neurotoxicity associated with AD. Previous studies have shown that the A beta-neuronal membrane interaction plays a role in the mechanism of A beta toxicity. More specifically, it is thought that ...
Hanashima Shinya - - 2009
The first synthesis of the ganglioside LLG-3 tetrasaccharide, which has attractive biological activities as well as a unique structure, is described. A C8-methoxy decorated sialic acid building block was initially prepared and a glycolic acid moiety was then introduced by sialylation. Amide condensation between the sialyl glycolic acid and an ...
Pekosz Andrew A Dept. of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8230, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2009
Influenza A virus interacts with specific types of sialic acid during attachment and entry into susceptible cells. The precise amino acids in the hemagglutinin protein that control sialic acid binding specificity and affinity vary among antigenic subtypes. For H3 subtypes, amino acids 226 and 228 are critical for differentiating between ...
Connaris Helen H Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, University of St. Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9ST, Scotland, UK. - - 2009
Many glycoside hydrolases possess carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs) that help target these enzymes to appropriate substrates and increase their catalytic efficiency. The Vibrio cholerae sialidase contains two CBMs, one of which is designated as a family CBM40 module and has been shown through structural and calorimetry studies to recognize the alpha-anomer ...
Almagro-Moreno Salvador - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sialic acids comprise a family of nine-carbon amino sugars that are prevalent in mucus rich environments. Sialic acids from the human host are used by a number of pathogens as an energy source. Here we explore the evolution of the genes involved in the catabolism of sialic acid. RESULTS: ...
Gährs W - - 2009
Vicinal hydroxyl groups of the sugar compounds sialic acid and 9-O-acyl sialic acid can be visualised for polarization optical analysis on the surface of different fungi using several topo-optical reactions. We investigated the presence of these molecules in cultures of Cryptococcus neoformans (heterogeneous form), Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, ...
Harvey David J - - 2009
Structures of N-glycans released from rat CEACAM1 expressed in human embryonic kidney cells were determined by MALDI and negative ion nanospray MS/MS techniques. The major carbohydrates were bi-, tri- and tetra-antennary complex glycans with and without sialic acid, fucose and bisecting GlcNAc residues. High-mannose glycans, predominantly Man(5)GlcNAc(2), were also found. ...
Duncan Peter I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Milk is the sole source of nutrients for neonatal mammals and is generally considered to have co-evolved with the developmental needs of the suckling newborn. One evolutionary conserved constituent of milk and present on many glycoconjugates is sialic acid. The brain and colon are major sites of sialic acid ...
Wheeler Susan F - - 2009
Sialylated carbohydrates usually decompose by loss of sialic acid when ionized by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) as the result of the labile carboxylic proton. Stabilization has previously been achieved by forming methyl esters with methyl iodide, a procedure that eliminates the labile proton. In this paper, we describe an alternative ...
Chang Pamela V PV Department of Chemistry and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, - - 2009
Sialome sweet sialome: As sialic acids are involved in many host-pathogen recognition events and are markers of embryonic and malignant tissues, there is great interest in methods for the enrichment and identification of sialylated glycoproteins from complex tissues. Now N-(4-pentynoyl)mannosamine can be used to metabolically label sialylated glycoproteins in living ...
Haselhorst Thomas - - 2009
We used NMR spectroscopy, molecular modeling and infectivity competition assays to investigate the key interactions between the spike protein (VP8(*)) from 'sialidase-insensitive' human Wa and 'sialidase-sensitive' porcine CRW-8 rotaviruses and the glycans of gangliosides G(M1) and G(D1a). Our data provide strong evidence that N-acetylneuraminic acid is a key determinant for ...
Ghoshal A - - 2009
Distribution of 9-O-acetylated sialic acids (9-O-AcSA) on Leishmania donovani has been previously reported. Considering their role in recognition, the differential distribution of sialic acids especially 9-O-acetylated sialic acids in avirulent (UR6) versus virulent (AG83 and GE1) promastigotes of Leishmania donovani and its role in entry into macrophages was explored. Fluorimetric-HPLC, ...
Chu Hui-Ying - - 2009
With homology modeling techniques, molecular mechanics and molecular dynamics methods, a 3D structure model of N-acetylneuraminate lyase from human (hNAL, EC 4.1.3.3) was created and refined. This model was further assessed by Profile-3D and PROCHECK, which confirms that the refined model is reliable. Furthermore, the docking results of the substrates ...
Kraschnefski Mark J - - 2009
The rotavirus spike protein VP4 mediates attachment to host cells and subsequent membrane penetration. The VP8(*) domain of VP4 forms the spike tips and is proposed to recognize host-cell surface glycans. For sialidase-sensitive rotaviruses such as rhesus (RRV), this recognition involves terminal sialic acids. We show here that the RRV ...
Chen Jing - - 2009
A novel lectin (PCL) with specificity towards sialic acid was purified from Phaseolus coccineus L. (P. multiflorus willd) seeds using ion exchange chromatography on CM and DEAE-Sepharose, and gel filtration on Sephacryl S-200 column. PCL was a homodimer consisting of 29,831.265 Da subunits as determined by gel filtration and MS. ...
Chokhawala Harshal A HA Department of Chemistry, University of California-Davis, Davis, California 95616, - - 2008
Although the vital roles of structures containing sialic acid in biomolecular recognition are well documented, limited information is available on how sialic acid structural modifications, sialyl linkages, and the underlying glycan structures affect the binding or the activity of sialic acid-recognizing proteins and related downstream biological processes. A novel combinatorial ...
Stefanich Eric G - - 2008
B cell-activating factor receptor 3 (BR3)-Fc is an IgG1-receptor dimeric fusion protein that has multiple O-linked glycosylation sites and sialylation levels that can vary in the manufacturing process. Increased sialic acid levels resulted from increased site occupancy with the O-linked N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc-Gal), but because the ratio of sialic acid per ...
Paltrinieri Saverio - - 2008
The sialylation pattern of serum alpha1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) in non-symptomatic cats infected by feline coronavirus (FCoV) and its possible relationship with the amount of FCoVs shed in faeces were investigated. Blood from three specific pathogen-free cats (group A) and from 10 non-symptomatic FCoV-positive cats from catteries with low (group B, ...
Kontou Maria - - 2008
Axonal outgrowth is a prerequisite for the development of the most complex organ, the brain. It depends partially on the attachment of sialic acid on glycans of (sialo)-glycoproteins expressed on the plasma membrane. In our study, we showed that nerve growth factor-induced neurite outgrowth of PC12-cells enhances the expression of ...
Kawaguchi Takeshi - - 2008
Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) consists of 2 structurally related isoforms, 5a and 5b, and the latter has been characterized as containing a sugar moiety devoid of sialic acid(s). We provide evidence of a greater difference between the sugar moieties of the two isoforms than the presence of sialic acid(s) in ...
Kim Hyoung Jin - - 2008
The terminal sialic acid of human erythropoietin (hEPO) is essential for in vivo activity. The current resorcinol and HPLC methods for analyzing alpha2,3-linked sialic acid require more than a microgram of purified rhEPO, and purification takes a great deal of time and labor. In this study, we assessed the use ...
Liu Xin - - 2008
O-acetylation is one of the major modifications of sialic acids that significantly alters biological properties of the parent molecule. These O-acetylated forms are components of the cellular membrane and can affect physiological and pathological responses. Understanding the role of N-glycans in physiology is of increasing relevance to cellular biologists in ...
Accili Daniela - - 2008
The growing interest in glycoconjugates expressed and released by the epithelium of the intestinal mucosa is tightly related to the multiple functional roles attributed to sialic acid and its derivatives. In the present work, biotin and HRP conjugated lectins were used to detect the sialylation pattern and to identify specific ...
Chikae Miyuki - - 2008
The electrochemical sensing of saccharide-protein interactions using a couple of sialic acid derivatives and Alzheimer's amyloid-beta (Abeta) is described. The densely-packed saccharide area for recognition of protein was fabricated onto a carbon electrode by three steps, which were electrochemical deposition of Au nanoparticles on a screen printed strip, self-assembled monolayer ...
Li Yanhong Y Department of Chemistry, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, - - 2008
Sialic acid aldolases or N-acetylneuraminate lyases (NanAs) catalyze the reversible aldol cleavage of N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) to form pyruvate and N-acetyl-D: -mannosamine (ManNAc). A capillary electrophoresis assay was developed to directly characterize the activities of NanAs in both Neu5Ac cleavage and Neu5Ac synthesis directions. The assay was used to obtain ...
Cowan Christopher B CB Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, UMBC 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250, - - 2008
beta-Amyloid peptide (Abeta), the primary protein component in senile plaques associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD), has been implicated in neurotoxicity associated with AD. Previous studies have shown that the Abeta-neuronal membrane interaction plays a crucial role in Abeta toxicity. More specifically, it is thought that Abeta interacts with ganglioside rich ...
Cheng Jiansong J Department of Chemistry, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, - - 2008
CstII from bacterium Campylobacter jejuni strain OH4384 has been previously characterized as a bifunctional sialyltransferase having both alpha2,3-sialyltransferase (GM3 oligosaccharide synthase) and alpha2,8-sialyltransferase (GD3 oligosaccharide synthase) activities which catalyze the transfer of N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) from cytidine 5'-monophosphate (CMP)-Neu5Ac to C-3' of the galactose in lactose and to C-8 of ...
Choudhry Naheed - - 2008
The apicomplexan Cryptosporidium parvum reproduces in the intestinal epithelial cells of many mammalian species and is an agent of the important diarrheal disease cryptosporidiosis. Infection is transmitted fecal-orally by oocysts that pass through the stomach and excystation occurs in the intestine, releasing four invasive sporozoites. Some factors involved in inducing ...
Toyoda Masaaki - - 2008
Recently, glycans have been recognized as valuable biomarkers for various disease states. In particular, sialoglycans, which have sialic acids at their terminal end, are likely to have relevance to diseases such as cancer and inflammation. Mass spectrometry (MS) has become an indispensable tool for biomarker discovery. However, matrix-assisted laser desorption ...
de Castro Javier - - 2008
The phospholipid fatty acid profiles of erythrocytes and platelets from fifty patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer were investigated using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, followed by "ROC" curves analysis to gain novel biomarker information. Sialic acid and cytokeratins were also examined. Potentially useful fatty acid markers: Erythrocytes: phosphatidylcholine, 18:2n6 and ...
Dudek F Edward - - 2008
ROLE OF EXTRACELLULAR SIALIC ACID IN REGULATION OF NEURONAL AND NETWORK EXCITABILITY IN THE RAT HIPPOCAMPUS: Isaev D, Isaeva E, Shatskih T, Zhao Q, Smits NC, Shworak NW, Khazipov R, Holmes GL. J Neurosci20072743:11587-1159417959801 The extracellular membrane surface contains a substantial amount of negatively charged sialic acid residues. Some of ...
Ortner Karin - - 2008
A simple method for the determination of the two most abundant sialic acids released from glycoproteins based on CZE-MS is presented. Several parameters like BGE with various organic modifiers and sheath liquids were studied with respect to their suitability for the fast and easy analysis of the selected compounds by ...
Liu Yunpeng - - 2008
Glycosylation of various galactose derivatives with O-acetylated sialic acid N-phenyltrifluoroacetimidate as the donor was investigated. Efficient alpha(2,3)sialylation of galactose, with up to 73% yield and 8.4:1 stereoselectivity, was realized when 2,3,4-unprotected galactose derivatives and TBSOTf were used as acceptors and promoter, respectively. Sialylation of 2-(trimethylsilyl)ethyl 6-O-tert-butyldiphenylsilyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside (3f) gave the best ...
Breloy Isabelle - - 2008
Previous studies of the mucin-type O-glycome of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster have revealed a restricted pattern of neutral core-type glycans corresponding to the Tn-(GalNAcalpha) and the T-antigen (Galbeta1-3GalNAcalpha). In particular, no extension of the core 1 glycan with acidic sugars, like sialic acid, was detected. Here we report on ...
De Meo Cristina - - 2008
Glycoconjugates containing sialic acid are involved in a large variety of biological phenomena, including cell-cell adhesion, recognition by viruses and bacteria, and oncogenesis. Therefore, they are important synthetic targets for the design of drugs and vaccines. In the last decades, different methodologies that improve yield and stereoselectivity in sialylation reactions ...
Fierfort Nicolas - - 2008
We have previously described a microbiological process for the conversion of lactose into 3'sialyllactose and other ganglioside sugars by living Escherichia coli cells expressing the appropriate recombinant glycosyltransferase genes. In this system the activated sialic acid donor (CMP-Neu5Ac) was generated from exogenous sialic acid, which was transported into the cells ...
Castilho Alexandra - - 2008
Previous studies have reported that plants contain negligible amounts of free or protein-bound N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac). This is a major disadvantage for the use of plants as a biopharmaceutical expression system, since N-glycans with terminal Neu5Ac residues are important for the biological activities and half-lives of recombinant therapeutic glycoproteins in ...
Marra Alberto - - 2008
Tetra- and octavalent sialoside clusters were prepared in good yields exploiting for the first time the multiple copper-catalyzed cycloaddition of a propargyl thiosialoside with calix[4]arene polyazides. The cycloadducts featured the hydrolytically stable carbon-sulfur bond at the anomeric position and the 1,4-disubstituted triazole ring as the spacer between the sialic acid ...
Crich David - - 2008
A 5-N,7-O-oxazinanone derivative of a thiosialic acid ester has been synthesized and investigated for the effect of conformational restriction on glycosylation. The cyclic group is found to be powerfully disarming, but to have no beneficial effect on reaction stereoselectivity.
Glaze Pavel A - - 2008
Legionaminic acid is a nine-carbon alpha-keto acid that is similar in structure to other members of the sialic acid family that includes neuraminic acid and pseudaminic acid. It is found as a component of the lipopolysaccharide in several bacterial species and is perhaps best known for its presence in the ...
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