Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2010
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Gökmen S S - - 2000
Although serum total sialic acid has been shown to be a cardiovascular risk factor, with elevated levels associated with increased cardiovascular mortality and also with cerebrovascular disease, the reason for the elevation in serum sialic acid content remains obscure. It has been shown that an increased output of serum proteins ...
Lin S L - - 2000
N-Acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) forms the highly fluorophoric quinoxalinone derivative (Q) when treated with 1,2-diamino-4,5-methylenedioxybenzene (DMB). Effects of protonation and deprotonation on the fluorescence of Q were examined at room temperature. The strong fluorescence was found to be caused by the neutral form Q but not the protonated form of its ...
Belce A - - 2000
In this study, our aim was to determine whether or not type 1 diabetes mellitus affects salivary sialic acid level and SOD activity. For this purpose, unstimulated saliva specimen was collected. Saliva sialic acid level and SOD activity were measured by the methods of Warren and Sun, respectively. We found ...
Wheeler S F - - 2000
Negative ion MALDI and electrospray fragmentation spectra were recorded from 12 sialylated carbohydrates ranging from trisaccharides to biantennary N-linked glycans. D-Arabinosazone was found to be the most satisfactory MALDI matrix for these compounds. Fragmentation mechanisms were investigated with the aid of several synthesized analogues of the sugars labeled with 13C ...
Bernardi A - - 2000
In a program directed towards the design and synthesis of mimics of ganglioside GM1, the NeuAc recognition domain was replaced by simple hydroxy acids, and the affinity of the new ligands to the cholera toxin was determined by fluorescence spectroscopy. The (R)-lactic acid derivative 4 was found to display the ...
Kerlero de Rosbo N - - 2000
Eight rhesus monkeys with different MHC backgrounds were immunized with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG). All developed severe experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis associated with large inflammatory foci and extensive demyelination. T-cell autoreactivity to MOG was directed against three main epitopes encompassed within amino acids 4-20, 35-50 and 94-116, of which two are ...
Charter N W - - 2000
In this study we demonstrate that polysialyltransferases are capable of accepting unnatural substrates in terminally differentiated human neurons. Polysialyltransferases catalyze the glycosylation of the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) with polysialic acid (PSA). The unnatural sialic acid analog, N-levulinoyl sialic acid (SiaLev), was incorporated into cell surface glycoconjugates including PSA ...
Dall'Olio F - - 2000
Sialylation represents one of the most frequently occurring terminations of the oligosaccharide chains of glycoproteins and glycolipids. Sialic acid is commonly found alpha2,3- or alpha2,6-linked to galactose (Gal), alpha2,6-linked to N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) or alpha2,8-linked to another sialic acid. The biosynthesis of the various linkages is mediated by the different members ...
Bondi A M - - 2000
A confocal analysis was performed on the quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) lingual salivary glands where the carbohydrate chains were studied by lectin histochemistry. For this purpose, appropriate FITC- and TRITC-conjugates were used for double binding also accomplished with sialidase digestion. The glycosidic components of the quail lingual salivary glands were ...
Cohen S B - - 2000
alpha-2,3-Sialyltransferase catalyzes the transfer of sialic acid from CMP-sialic acid (1) to a lactose acceptor. An analogue of 1 was synthesized in which the anomeric oxygen atom was replaced with a sulfur atom (1S). The key step in the synthesis of 1S was a tetrazole-promoted coupling of a cytidine-5'-phosphoramidite with ...
Karlsson N G - - 2000
The sialylation of the oligosaccharides from small-intestinal mucins during a 13-day infectious cycle was studied in Sprague-Dawley rats with the parasite Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. Sialic acid analysis and release, permethylation and analysis by GC-MS of the sialylated oligosaccharides isolated from the 'insoluble' mucin complex revealed a relative decrease (4-7-fold) of N-glycolylneuraminic ...
Jakubowska-Solarska B - - 2000
A quite simple method for obtaining young and old erythrocytes is presented. Mean corpuscular volume, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase activity which is one of the best age parameters, and contents of total sialic acids in erythrocyte membranes were determined in whole erythrocyte population and in low (old) and high (young) density ...
Daines D A - - 2000
The polysialic acid capsule of Escherichia coli K1 is an essential virulence determinant. The kps gene cluster, which encodes the proteins necessary for polymer synthesis and transport, is divided into three functional regions. In this report, we present evidence that the neuD gene from region 2 is involved in sialic ...
Kawai Y - - 2000
The effect of sialic acid (N-acetyl neuraminic acid), sialic acid dimer, sialic acid polymers (colominic acid) and sulfated colominic acid on the activity of hyaluronidase, on the dispersion of cumulus cells by mouse sperm and on in vitro mouse fertilization (sperm penetration of zona pellucida) were evaluated. Bovine testicular hyaluronidase ...
Ikeuchi Y - - 2000
6-Nitro-5-deazaflavin derivatives bearing O-(methyl 5-acetamido-4,7,8,9-tetra-O-acetyl-3,5-dideoxy-D-glycero-alpha- and beta-D-galacto-non-2-ulopyranosylonate)alkyl group (sialosylalkyl group) at N(3) or N(10) and 8-amino-5-deazaflavin substituted with the sialosylalkyl group at the amino group were synthesized and their physicochemical properties as well as antitumor effects on KB and L1210 cells have been investigated. The configurations of the glycosides were ...
Biswas C - - 2000
Achatinin, a 9-O-acetyl sialic acid (9-O-AcSA) binding lectin, has been demonstrated to be synthesized in amoebocytes of Achatina fulica snails. This lectin was affinity-purified from Achatina amoebocytes lysate (AAL); it appeared as a single band on native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and showed 16 identical subunits of M.W. 15 kDa ...
Kimura Y - - 2000
We tested for squamous cell carcinoma-related antigen (SCC), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), ferritin, immunosuppressive acid protein (IAP) and sialic acid in the serum from 247 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma prior to therapy. Significant correlations were found between IAP and tumor size, lymph node metastasis, and clinical stage ...
Albani J R - - 2000
Calcofluor White is a fluorescent probe that interacts with polysaccharides and is commonly used in clinical studies. Interaction between Calcofluor White and carbohydrate residues of alpha1-acid glycoprotein (orosomucoid) was previously followed by fluorescence titration of the Trp residues of the protein. A stoichiometry of one Calcofluor for one protein has ...
Horne M K MK - - 2000
Because histidine-rich glycoprotein binds to the kringle 1-3 domain of plasminogen, it may affect fibrinolysis by reducing fibrin-dependent plasmin production, and in this way it could be mechanistically analogous to 6-aminohexanoic acid. We tested this hypothesis by comparing the effects of histidine-rich glycoprotein and 6-aminohexanoic acid in an in vitro ...
Chappell M D - - 2000
[reaction: see text] The synthesis of a six-carbon truncated sialic acid is described. A key step in the synthesis was an indium-mediated allyl addition to a serine-derived aldehyde. Careful choice of protecting groups was found to be necessary in order to prevent unwanted side reactions throughout the sequence. The truncated ...
Schauer R - - 2000
Slalic acids are one of the most important molecules of life, since they occupy the terminal position on macromolecules and cell membranes and are involved in many biological and pathological phenomena. The structures of sialic acids, comprising a family of over 40 neuraminic acid derivatives, have been elucidated. However, many ...
Trout A L - - 2000
Transferrin, an iron transport protein found in serum and cerebrospinal fluid, is known to be microheterogeneous with respect to its carbohydrate and sialic acid content. The forms of transferrin deficient in sialic acid and/or carbohydrate, termed carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT), have been of clinical interest for almost two decades as a ...
Angata K - - 2000
Polysialylated neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) is thought to play a critical role in neural development. Polysialylation of NCAM was shown to be achieved by two alpha2,8-polysialyltransferases, ST8Sia IV (PST) and ST8Sia II (STX), which are moderately related to another alpha2,8-sialyltransferase, ST8Sia III. Here we describe that all three alpha2,8-sialyltransferases ...
Lawrence S M - - 2000
Sialic acids participate in many important biological recognition events, yet eukaryotic sialic acid biosynthetic genes are not well characterized. In this study, we have identified a novel human gene based on homology to the Escherichia coli sialic acid synthase gene (neuB). The human gene is ubiquitously expressed and encodes a ...
Vimr E - - 2000
Many bacterial commensals and pathogens use the sialic acids as carbon and nitrogen sources. In Escherichia coli, the breakdown of these sugars is catalysed by gene products of the nan (Nacylneuraminate) operon; other microorganisms may use a similar catabolic strategy. Despite the known ligand and antirecognition functions of the sialic ...
Hikita T - - 2000
A highly sensitive method for quantification of sialic acids in gangliosides was developed. The sialic acids, released by hydrolysis of gangliosides, were converted to fluorescent derivatives with 1,2-diamino-4,5-(methylenedioxy)benzene (DMB) and separated on a reversed-phase C18 column with an isocratic elution. As little as 0.1-1.0 nmol of sialic acid in ganglioside ...
Hubl U - - 2000
The sensitivity and specificity of two influenza C virus assays, solid-phase and overlay assays, were investigated using naturally occurring 9-O-acetylated GD(3), rat serum glycoproteins containing 60% of N-acetyl-9-O-acetylneuraminic acid, and synthetically O-acetylated sialylated compounds. The sensitivity of the solid-phase assay was higher for glycoproteins containing N-acetyl-9-O-acetylneuraminic acid than for gangliosides, ...
Sengupta S - - 2000
In the estimation of glycosidase activity by dinitrosalicylic acid (DNS) reagent, the stoichiometry of DNS reduction was reported to increase proportionately with the increase in the number of glycosidic linkages present in oligosaccharides liberated by the enzyme. The relationship between increases in DNS reduction and increases in the number of ...
Chapman J A - - 2000
The zona pellucida glycoconjugate content of several marsupial species was investigated using differential lectin histochemistry. Ovaries from fat-tailed dunnarts, a southern brown bandicoot, grey short-tailed opossums, brushtail possums, ringtail possums, koalas and eastern grey kangaroos were fixed, embedded in paraffin wax, sectioned and stained with ten fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated lectins. Sections ...
Lopes A A - - 2000
In pulmonary hypertension, defective von Willebrand factor protein (vWF) lacking large multimers is present in circulation. This is associated with evidence of chronic endogenous platelet activation. Since asialo vWF has been shown to promote platelet activation and aggregation, we decided to investigate possible changes in the sialic acid content of ...
Takimoto T - - 2000
The hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) glycoprotein of Newcastle disease virus was isolated by cleaving HN (cHN) from reconstituted virosome with chymotrypsin. N-terminal sequence analysis of the purified cHN showed that chymotrypsin cleavage had occurred at amino acid 123, freeing the C-terminal 454 amino acids. The purified cHN retained its neuraminidase and receptor ...
Soares R M - - 2000
The cell-surface expression of sialic acids in two isolates of Candida albicans was analyzed by thin-layer and gas chromatography, binding of lectins, colorimetry, sialidase treatment and flow cytofluorimetry with fluorescein-labeled lectins. N-acetylneuraminic acid (NANA) was the only derivative found in both strains of C. albicans grown in a chemically defined ...
Petersen M - - 2000
The capsule polysaccharide of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B is composed of a homopolymer of alpha-2-->8 linked N-acetyl-neuraminic acid (sialic acid). The enzymes required for sialic acid biosynthesis and polymerization are encoded in region A of the capsule gene complex. We here describe the enzymatic activity of the siaA gene product ...
Watanabe T - - 2000
During 2-aminobenzamide (2-AB)-labeling of sialo-oligosaccharides the authors encountered a significant loss of sialic acids under the reported conditions, at 65 degrees C for 2 h. By examination of the relationship between labeling temperature and recovery of tetra-sialylated oligosaccharides, 2-AB-labeling at 37 degrees C for 16 h resulted in a maximum ...
Jones C J - - 2000
Studies from this laboratory have shown great diversity in the glycosylation of tissues comprising the interhaemal barrier of species with different placental types. This diversity may be one of the factors preventing interbreeding between species. Glycan expression within the uterine epithelium and trophoblast of the interhaemal barrier was examined to ...
Amoresano A - - 2000
Endocardiosis, a degenerative and dystrophic process affecting cardiac valves and described in many mammalian species, is characterized by the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans, in particular hyaluronic acid, in the extracellular matrix. The glycoprotein patterns of pig mitral valves in normal animals and animals affected by endocardiosis were investigated. A different N-linked ...
Byers H L - - 2000
Streptococcus oralis, the most virulent of the viridans streptococci, produces a sialidase and this exo-glycosidase has been implicated in the disease process of a number of pathogens. The sialidase of S. oralis strain AR3 was purified in order to understand the characteristics of this putative virulence determinant. The enzyme isolated ...
Wu W Y - - 2000
A multiple sialic acid-bearing polymer 7 has been made in which a novel 4-N-substituted sialoside 5 has been coupled to polyacrylamide. The conjugate 7 has been found to inhibit the agglutination of influenza virus to red blood cells with HAI inhibition constants of around 10(-6) M, based on the sialic ...
Grow W A - - 2000
Acetylcholine receptor (AChR) clustering is an early event in neuromuscular synapse formation that is commonly studied using muscle cell culture. Motor neuron-derived agrin induces the postsynaptic tyrosine phosphorylation of both a muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) and the AChR beta-subunit. These phosphorylation events are required for AChR clustering, suggesting an agrin-driven signaling ...
Fischer E - - 2000
The lectin Cepaea hortensis agglutinin-I (CHA-I) binds to O-glycosidically linked sialic acids with previously characterized specificity. Employing histochemistry, we demonstrate that CHA-I is a useful probe for detecting sialic acids in formalin-fixed human tissues in a specific manner. It stains the endothelium of arteries and veins in all tissues examined, ...
Lischke A - - 2000
Wild and farmed freshwater fishes are widely and heavily parasitized by the haemoflagellate Trypanosoma carassii. In contrast, common carp, a natural host, can effectively control experimental infections by the production of specific anti-parasite antibodies. In this study we have identified and partially characterized mucin-like glycoproteins which are expressed in high ...
Singh M S - - 2000
The administration of methallibure (2 microg/g BW, daily for 15 days) in Clarias batrachus in prespawning phase (May-June) resulted in decreased weights of seminal vesicle (SV) and testis, and reductions in the concentrations of total proteins, fructose, hexosamines, and sialic acid in SV and testis. The inhibitory changes can be ...
Chang V S - - 2000
Poplar wood was treated with peracetic acid, KOH, and ball milling to produce 147 model lignocelluloses with a broad spectrum of lignin contents, acetyl contents, and crystallinity indices (CrIs), respectively. An empirical model was identified that describes the roles of these three properties in enzymatic hydrolysis. Lignin content and CrI ...
Collins B E - - 2000
Sialic acids are prominent termini of mammalian glycoconjugates and are key binding determinants for cell-cell recog-nition lectins. Binding of the sialic acid-dependent lectin, myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), to nerve cells is implicated in the inhibition of nerve regeneration after injury. Therefore, blocking MAG binding to nerve cell sialoglycoconjugates might enhance nerve ...
Lawrenson J G - - 2000
There is evidence that the endothelial cell (EC) glycocalyx is a significant determinant of vascular permeability, acting as a charge-size filter to permeant molecules. We have therefore examined its oligosaccharide composition in 3 classes of microvessel with differing permeabilities. EC in rat brain, retina and myocardium were labelled with a ...
Jaramillo L - - 2000
We purified an adhesin from Pasteurella. haemolytica by affinity chromatography using glutaraldehyde treated rabbit erythrocytes stroma. The adhesin is a protein of 68 kDa, as determined by SDS-PAGE, and the most abundant amino acids constituting this protein were Gly, Ser, Glx, and Ala, and low concentrations of Cys, Met, and ...
Masuda H - - 1999
Sialic acids are essential components of cell surface receptors used by influenza viruses. To determine the molecular mechanisms of viral recognition of two major species of sialic acids, N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) and N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc), we tested the binding reactivity of nine human H3 influenza A viruses to sialylglycolipids containing ...
Abo S - - 1999
A novel N-acetylneuraminic acid analogue, 2-S-(5'-aminopentyl) 5-acetamido-3,5-dideoxy-2-thio-D-glycero-alpha-D-galacto-2- nonulopyranosidonic acid, as well as the thiosialoside 2-S-(2'-aminoethyl) 5-acetamido-3,5-dideoxy-2-thio-D-glycero-alpha-D-galacto-2- nonulopyranosidonic acid, have been synthesised and successfully coupled to CNBr-activated Sepharose 4B through the terminal amino group. The resultant affinity resins have proved efficient in purifying a number of sialic acid-recognising proteins such as ...
Sebánková S - - 1999
Changes in structure of alpha1-acid glycoprotein were followed after deglycosylation with neuraminidase, peptide N-glycohydrolase F or with a mixture of exoglycosidases. Partially deglycosylated preparations of alpha1-acid glycoprotein free of sialic acids, one complete saccharide component, sialic acids and one saccharide component and sialic acids and some of the external saccharides ...
Verheijen F W - - 1999
Sialic acid storage diseases (SASD, MIM 269920) are autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorders that may present as a severe infantile form (ISSD) or a slowly progressive adult form, which is prevalent in Finland (Salla disease). The main symptoms are hypotonia, cerebellar ataxia and mental retardation; visceromegaly and coarse features are also ...
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