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Ullah M F - - 2011
Ascorbic acid is an essential micronutrient and is considered to have an antioxidant function in living systems. For the past several decades, ascorbic acid has been the subject of considerable interest as an anticancer agent. Several studies have shown that ascorbic acid is cytotoxic to a variety of cancer cells, ...
Kim Yang-Rae - - 2010
Dopamine plays a significant role in the function of human metabolism. It is important to develop sensitive sensor for the determination of dopamine without the interference by ascorbic acid. This paper reports the synthesis of graphene using a modified Hummer's method and its application for the electrochemical detection of dopamine. ...
Younis Mahmoud E - - 2010
The adverse effects of either NaCl or mannitol on growth, nitrogen content, and antioxidant system in Vicia faba seedlings were investigated. The role of exogenous ascorbic acid in increasing resistance to these stressors was also evaluated. Thus, with an increase in concentration of either NaCl or mannitol in culture media, ...
Takemura Yukitoshi - - 2010
Malignant mesothelioma is an asbestos-related fatal disease with no effective cure. Recently, high dose of ascorbate in cancer treatment has been reexamined. We studied whether high dose of ascorbic acid induced cell death of four human mesothelioma cell lines. High dose of ascorbic acid induced cell death of all mesothelioma ...
Biswas Sabyasachi S Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, - - 2010
The compromised antioxidant defense system in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) suggested a potential use for reactive oxygen species (ROS) generating arsenic trioxide (ATO) and ascorbic acid. While both ATO and ascorbic acid mediate cytotoxicity in CLL B cells as single agents, the efficacy of ATO is enhanced by ascorbic acid. ...
Pérez-López Usue - - 2010
Future environmental conditions will include elevated concentrations of salt in the soil and an elevated concentration of CO(2) in the atmosphere. Because these environmental changes will likely affect reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and cellular antioxidant metabolism in opposite ways, we analyzed changes in cellular H(2)O(2) and non-enzymatic antioxidant metabolite ...
Rana Tanmoy - - 2010
Ascorbic acid is a sugar acid and an essential vital food nutrient found mainly in fruits and vegetables. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of ascorbic acid against arsenic induced oxidative stress in blood of rat. In rat, treatment with ascorbic acid prevented the increased serum ...
Erkekoglu Pinar - - 2010
Nitrites are ubiquitous environmental contaminants present in drinking water and foods. Nitrosamines can be formed endogenously from nitrate and nitrite and secondary amines or may be present in food, tobacco smoke, and drinking water. The major goal of this work was to evaluate the cytotoxic, reactive oxygen species (ROS)-producing and ...
Gess Burkhard - - 2010
Ascorbic acid has been shown to be an essential component for in vitro myelination and to improve the clinical and pathological phenotype of a mouse model of Charcot-Marie-tooth disease 1A. The mechanism of ascorbic acid uptake into peripheral nerves, however, has not been addressed so far. Hence, we studied the ...
Clark Andrew C - - 2010
The stereochemical influence of antioxidant and flavanol compounds on oxidation processes in a model wine system was studied. The diastereoisomers, ascorbic acid and erythorbic acid, were used as antioxidants in a model wine system containing either (+)-catechin or (-)-epicatechin as the oxidizable flavanol compound. Samples were stored at 45 degrees ...
Yildirim Mehmet - - 2010
Ascorbic acid and nitric oxide are known to play important roles in epilepsy. The aim of present study was to identify the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in the anticonvulsant effects of ascorbic acid on penicillin-induced epileptiform activity in rats. Intracortical injection of penicillin (500, International Units (IU)) into the ...
Parker Tory L - - 2010
Previous research has demonstrated that certain combinations of compounds result in a decrease in toxic or pro-oxidative effects, previously noted when compounds were administered singly. Thus, there is a need to study many complex interactions further. Two in vitro techniques [electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) ...
Yadav Rajesh K - - 2010
Architecture of hemoprotein is solely responsible for different nature of heme coordination. Here we report that substitution of the acidic surface residue Glu226 to Ala in ascorbate peroxidase from Leishmania major alters the 5 coordinate high spin (5cHS) to a 6 coordinate low spin (6cLS) form at pH 7.5. Using ...
Tai Akihiro - - 2010
6-O-dodecanoyl-2-O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-L-ascorbic acid (6-sDode-AA-2G) was synthesized from 2-O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-L-ascorbic acid and vinyl laurate with a protease from Bacillus subtilis in 30% dimethylformamide (DMF)/dioxane with a low water content. The addition of 3% (v/v) water to DMF/dioxane dramatically enhanced the 6-sDode-AA-2G synthesis. The optimum reaction conditions enabled 6-sDode-AA-2G to be synthesized in a ...
Soltani Fatemeh - - 2010
The antigenotoxicity effects of auraptene on DNA damage in human peripheral lymphocytes were studied using alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis. Auraptene at concentrations of 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200 and 400 microM was tested under simultaneous treatment with 25 microM H(2)O(2). The data are expressed as % tail DNA ...
Peters Catrina M - - 2010
In order to investigate the impact of common food ingredients on catechin absorption, green tea (GT) extract (50 mg) was formulated plain, with sucrose (GT+S), with ascorbic acid (GT+AA) and with sucrose and ascorbic acid (GT+S+AA). Bioavailability and bioaccessibility were assessed in Sprague Dawley rats and an in vitro digestion/Caco-2 ...
Qian Xiaomin - - 2010
A capillary electrophoresis with electrochemical detection was developed for the simultaneous determination of three flavonoids (naringenin, rutin, quercetin) and ascorbic acid. It was found that naringenin, rutin, quercetin and ascorbic acid were well separated within 5 min in borate buffer solution (pH 8.6, 24 mM). The detection limit was 1.0 ...
You Sung-Kyun - - 2010
Despite the advantages of drug delivery through skin, transdermal drug delivery is only used with a small subset of drugs because most compounds cannot cross the skin at therapeutically useful rates. Recently, a new concept known as microneedle was introduced and could be used to pierce effectively to deliver drugs ...
Giusti-Paiva Alexandre - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Ascorbic acid represents one of the most important antioxidants and neuromodulators, and plays an important role in the cerebral system. In the present study, we investigated the central effect of ascorbic acid on fluid regulation and electrolyte homeostasis. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were implanted with stainless steel cannulas into ...
Martins Dorival - - 2010
It has been demonstrated that tumoral cells have a higher uptake of ascorbic acid compared to normal cells. This differential characteristic can be used as a way to improve the specificity of antitumoral compounds if combined with polymeric drug delivery systems. The aim of this study was to prepare, characterize ...
May James M - - 2010
Most mammalian cells cannot synthesize vitamin C, or ascorbic acid, and thus must have efficient mechanisms for its intracellular recycling. Ascorbate can be recycled from both its oxidized forms using electrons from several intracellular reducing co-factors, including GSH and the reduced pyridine nucleotides. Methods have been developed to assess the ...
Zhang Jiali - - 2010
We demonstrated that the individual graphene oxide sheets can be readily reduced under a mild condition using L-ascorbic acid (L-AA). This simple approach should find practical applications in large scale production of water soluble graphene.
McRae Steven - - 2010
Acid phosphatase activity in the highly infectious intracellular pathogen Francisella tularensis is directly related with the ability of these bacteria to survive inside host cells. Pharmacological inactivation of acid phosphatases could potentially help in the treatment of tularemia or even be utilized to neutralize the infection. In the present work, ...
Kinashi Yuko - - 2010
PURPOSE: Evidence from in vivo studies suggests there are enhanced radiation effects in abscopal regions after local head gamma ray irradiation. Splenocyte apoptosis and T lymphocyte micronuclei were induced at higher rates than what would be estimated given the dose at a shielded, distant position. In addition, we evaluated the ...
Choi Ho-Il - - 2009
L-ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) and peptide are both useful compounds for collagen biosynthesis in cosmeceuticals (cosmetic and pharmaceutical fields). The instability of these compounds, however, limit their application in these industries. In this report, we describe the development of a novel compound, Stabilized Ascorbyl Pentapeptide (SAP), which physically is much ...
Garnero Claudia - - 2010
In this study, the effect of complex formation with triethanolamine (TEA) alone and in combination with hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-CD) on the photostability of ascorbic acid was evaluated for exposure to artificial and diffuse daylight. The first-order rate constants for the photodegradation reactions were determined. The data obtained showed that these complexes ...
Park Hyun Woo - - 2009
A sensitive and selective fluorimetric sensor for the assay of ascorbic acid (AA) using silver nanoparticles as emission reagent was investigated. In this study, silver nanoparticles were prepared based on aqueous-gaseous phase reaction of silver nitrate solution and ammonia gas. The nanoparticles were water-soluble, stable and had a narrow emission ...
Yang Tsung-Shi - - 2009
The pH effect on the oxidative stability of ascorbic acid in the presence of food colorant FD&C Red Nr 3 during storage with or without light was investigated. The quenching mechanism and kinetics of ascorbic acid on the FD&C Red Nr 3 photosensitized oxidation in an aqueous system at 25 ...
Lima C C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Healing is a complex process that involves cellular and biochemical events. Several medicines have been used in order to shorten healing time and avoid aesthetic damage. OBJECTIVE: to verify the topical effect of ascorbic acid for the healing of rats' skin wounds through the number of macrophages, new vessels ...
Ou Ling-Bin - - 2009
Voltammetry has been shown to be especially useful to detect epinephrine in the nervous or pharmacological system. A major limitation of this strategy, however, is the interference of ascorbic acid, which is usually present in high concentration and can be oxidized at a potential close to that of epinephrine. Furthermore, ...
Vlasova Elena A - - 2009
A detailed study of the oxidation of L-ascorbic acid by dioxygen and nitrite in water at pH 5.8 and 7.0, catalyzed by the octasulfophenyltetrapyrazinoporphyrazine complex of cobalt(II), was carried out using conventional spectrophotometric, low-temperature and high-pressure stopped-flow techniques. The Co(II) complex activates L-ascorbic acid through an intramolecular one-electron oxidation step ...
Barril Célia - - 2009
The present study investigates the contribution of ascorbic acid to the formation of pigment precursors in model white wine systems containing (+)-catechin as the oxidizable phenolic substrate. The two main colorless products in these systems were structurally characterized as isomers of (+)-catechin substituted at either C6 or C8 on the ...
Kesinger Nicholas G - - 2009
While ascorbic acid (vitamin C) is mostly known as a cofactor for proline hydroxylase and as a biological antioxidant, it also forms covalent bonds with natural products which we here refer to as 'ascorbylation'. A number of natural products containing an ascorbate moiety has been isolated and characterized from a ...
Kallakunta Vasantha Madhuri - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Protein S-nitrosation is an important post-translational modification altering protein function. Interaction of nitric oxide with thiols is an active area of research, and is one of the mechanisms by which NO exerts its biological effects. Biotin switch assay is the method, which has been developed to identify S-nitrosated proteins. ...
Sierra-Alvarez Reyes R Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721-0011, USA. - - 2010
Roxarsone (4-hydroxy-3-nitro-phenylarsonic acid) and p-arsanilic acid (4-aminophenylarsonic acid) are feed additives widely used in the broiler and swine industry. This study evaluated the inhibitory effect of roxarsone, p-arsanilic, and other phenylarsonic compounds on the activity of acetate- and H(2)-utilizing methanogenic microorganisms. Roxarsone, p-arsanilic, and 4-hydroxy-3-aminophenylarsonic acid (HAPA) inhibited acetoclastic and ...
Micallef Joëlle J CIC-UPCET, CHU La Timone, AP-HM, UMR CNRS-Université de la Méditerranée 6193, Marseille, - - 2009
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A) is a hereditary peripheral neuropathy that affects roughly one in 5000 births. No specific therapy currently exists for this degenerative disorder, which is characterised by distal progressive muscle atrophy and sensory loss, although ascorbic acid has been shown to reduce demyelination and improve muscle function ...
Deved Vinay - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Ascorbic acid is believed to improve anemia in patients with end-stage renal disease, but its overall effectiveness is unclear. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING & POPULATION: Adult hemodialysis patients. SELECTION CRITERIA FOR STUDIES: Randomized clinical trials of ascorbic acid use in addition to standard anemia management. INTERVENTION: ...
Debnath Sudeep - - 2010
The interaction of ascorbic acid with ferrihydrite nanoparticles with and without adsorbed phospholipid has been investigated with atomic force microscopy (AFM), attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), density functional theory (DFT) cluster calculations, and batch geochemical methods. Both batch geochemical rate measurements and in situ AFM showed that ...
Chen Ying-Jun - - 2009
Most of the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based sensors employing quantum dots (QDs) usually use organic fluorophores and gold nanoparticles as the quenchers. However, complex processes for the modification/immobilization of the QDs are always necessary, as the generation of FRET requires strict distance between the donor and acceptor. Herein, a ...
Santos Itala Mônica Sales - - 2009
Ascorbic acid has many nonenzymatic actions and is a powerful water-soluble antioxidant. It protects low density lipoproteins from oxidation and reduces harmful oxidants in the central nervous system. Pilocarpine-induced seizures have been suggested to be mediated by increases in oxidative stress. Current studies have suggested that antioxidant compounds may afford ...
Lang Gui-hua Lisa - - 2009
Black powder substitutes containing ascorbic acid are a group of low explosives that utilize ascorbic acid as the fuel. The analysis of these powders is complicated by the degradation of ascorbic acid which occurs rapidly in solution and may also occur as the powder ages. Aqueous extracts of both intact ...
Cahill Leah E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are detoxifying enzymes that contribute to the glutathione-ascorbic acid (vitamin C) antioxidant cycle. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether GST genotypes modify the association between dietary vitamin C and serum ascorbic acid. DESIGN: Nonsmoking men and women (n = 905) between 20 and 29 y ...
Ismail H A - - 2009
Ground beef with 10%, 15%, or 20% fat were added with none, 0.05% ascorbic acid + 0.01%alpha-tocopherol, or 0.05% ascorbic acid + 0.01%alpha-tocopherol + 0.01% sesamol, and irradiated at 0 or 2.5 kGy. The meat samples were displayed under fluorescent light for 14 d at 4 degrees C. Color, lipid ...
Stevanović Magdalena - - 2009
Nanoparticles of poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) in the size range 90-150 nm were produced using the physicochemical method with solvent/non-solvent systems. The encapsulation of the ascorbic acid in the polymer matrix was performed by homogenization of the water and organic phases. In vitro degradation and release tests of PLGA nanoparticles with and ...
Cahill Leah - - 2009
A cross-sectional study of the 979 nonsmoking women and men aged 20-29 years who participated in the Toronto Nutrigenomics and Health Study from 2004 to 2008 was conducted to determine the prevalence of serum ascorbic acid (vitamin C) deficiency and its association with markers of chronic disease in a population ...
Venkata Sai Jyothi Aluru - - 2009
The tear ascorbate owing to its high concentration, functions as an effective antioxidant against the oxidative damage of cornea. Contact lens wearers (CLW) are prone to oxidative stress due to the lens-induced hypoxic conditions. A pilot study was done to compare the tear ascorbic acid level and the total antioxidant ...
Kumar Puneet - - 2009
An experiment was conducted to investigate bioaccumulation potential of cadmium (Cd) and changes in oxidative stress indices in liver and kidney tissues from Cd-exposed catfish (Clarias batrachus) with or without simultaneous treatment of water with ascorbic acid, garlic extract or taurine. C. batrachus (n=324) with average length of 20+/-4 cm ...
Mandl J - - 2009
Although ascorbic acid is an important water-soluble antioxidant and enzyme cofactor in plants and animals, humans and some other species do not synthesize ascorbate due to the lack of the enzyme catalyzing the final step of the biosynthetic pathway, and for them it has become a vitamin. This review focuses ...
Pakpayat N - - 2009
Ascorbic acid microemulsions for topical application were developed. In this study, microemulsions were prepared using HLD (hydrophilic lipophilic deviation) concept to optimise the formulation. From this optimal formulation, the realisation of dilution ternary diagrams leads to obtain microemulsion zones. In addition, the effects of composition variable on the physicochemical characteristics ...
Avallone Sylvie - - 2009
The impact of deep-fat frying on the micronutrient content of plantain (Musa AAB"barraganete") was evaluated during processing of plantain chips called "tostones." Water content, micronutrients (potassium, L-ascorbic acid, alpha-carotene, beta-carotene) content, and the temperature within the food were quantified during the course of frying. A nonisothermal kinetics analysis of the ...
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