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Results 601 - 650 of 2384
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Franck Christine - - 2003
L-ascorbic acid (L-AA) concentration changes during the development of cv. Conference pears and the influence of postharvest handlings (gas condition, cooling rate, cooling duration) on L-AA breakdown were studied. L-AA concentration fluctuates in young fruits, remains stable during fruit maturation, and starts to decline 1 week before commercial harvest. The ...
Strålsjö Lena - - 2003
Folate concentrations in rosehips and commercial rosehip products and factors affecting folate retention during drying were investigated. On the basis of the raw material studied during 3 years, rosehips were shown to be a rich folate source, 400-600 microg/100 g based on dry matter and 160-185 microg/100 g based on ...
Hasan M Y - - 2003
Lead is a common environmental toxin that affects neuromuscular junction and potentially might cause muscle weakness. Antioxidants like ascorbic acid may protect against lead induced myopathy. The present study measured isometric twitch tensions (evoked either directly by muscle stimulation or indirectly by nerve stimulation) to study effects of ascorbic acid ...
Takanaga Hitomi - - 2004
l-Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) is an effective antioxidant and an essential cofactor in numerous enzymatic reactions. Two Na(+)-dependent vitamin C transporters (SVCT1 and SVCT2) are members of the SLC23 human gene family, which also contains two orphan members. SVCT1 and SVCT2 display similar properties, including high affinity for l-ascorbic acid, ...
Bradshaw Mark P - - 2003
An examination of the ascorbic acid-induced oxidation of (+)-catechin was carried out. Using varying concentrations of ascorbic acid in a model white winebase, it was observed that there are at least two distinct steps in its oxidation process. The first step involves the formation of species that absorb in the ...
Ringvold Amund - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the absorbance of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) in the aqueous humor of various animal species in relation to the ambient radiation of their respective habitats, and to identify substances responsible for this absorbance. Representatives of all five classes (fish, amphibian, reptile, bird, and mammal) have been tested. METHODS: ...
Ortwerth Beryl J - - 2003
PURPOSE: To determine whether UVA-excited human lens chromophores can cause the oxidation of ascorbic acid in the absence of oxygen, and whether these oxidation products are capable of glycating lens proteins. METHODS: The oxidation of ascorbic acid, mediated by UVA irradiation in the presence of aged human lens proteins, was ...
Lianou Popi E - - 2003
In the present study, we examined the in vitro effect of low concentrations of ascorbic acid (lower than normal plasma levels), on the adherence of five microbial strains (Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) to human buccal epithelial cells (BEC) of healthy volunteers. The study ...
Park Sejin - - 2003
Roughness of nanoscopic dimensions can be used to selectively enhance the faradaic current of a sluggish reaction. Using this principle, we constructed mesoporous structures on the surfaces of pure platinum electrodes responding even more sensitively to glucose than to common interfering species, such as L-ascorbic acid and 4-acetamidophenol. Good sensitivities, ...
Lee J B - - 2003
The present study was designed to develop a microencapsulated L-ascorbic acid and iron that could be used to fortify milk and to determine the sensory properties of milk fortified with microencapuslation. Coating material was medium-chain triacylglycerol (MCT), and selected core material was ferric ammonium sulfate and L-ascorbic acid. The highest ...
Chen Wei-Teing - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Ascorbic acid supplementation has been recommended to circumvent resistance to erythropoietin, which sometimes occurs in iron-overloaded uremic patients. In considering the pro-oxidant effect of ascorbic acid, the authors hypothesize that adjuvant therapy with larger doses of ascorbic acid in hemodialysis patients with iron overload may raise the risk of ...
Fiebich Bernd L - - 2003
Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) has been suggested to protect cerebral tissue in a variety of pathophysiological situations such as head trauma, ischemia or Alzheimer's disease. Most of these protective actions have been attributed to the antioxidative capacity of ascorbic acid. Besides the presence of elevated levels of oxygen radicals, prostaglandins ...
Kravchenko L V - - 2003
Lycopine in concentrations of 0.5-50 microM suppressed LPO in microsomes induced by NADPH-Fe(2+) and by ascorbic acid-Fe(2+). Lycopine in a concentration of 20 microM completely prevented the decrease in the rate of benz[a]pyrene hydroxylation and activation of p-nitrophenyl-UDP-glucuronosyl transferase caused by LPO induction in microsomes.
Yalim Serpil - - 2003
The effect of preparation procedures (with and without sugar and chickpea) on ascorbic acid in pickled (acidification with vinegar) green hot peppers during pickling and the storage period (8 weeks) was studied. Ascorbic acid values in fresh pepper rapidly decreased after pickled processing (first 3 weeks) and then did not ...
Radcliffe Charlotte E - - 2003
Nitrite at acid pH has been shown to be antibacterial particularly against the highly cariogenic species Streptococcus mutans. Nitrite might yield nitrosamines in vivo but ascorbic acid (vitamin C) could counteract these potential ill effects. The aim of this study is to determine whether ascorbic acid would interfere with the ...
Rodríguez de Lores Arnaiz G - - 2003
In the search of Na+,K(+)-ATPase modulators, we have reported the isolation by gel filtration and HPLC of a brain fraction, termed endobain E, which highly inhibits Na+,K(+)-ATPase activity. In the present study we compared some properties of endobain E with those of ascorbic acid. Kinetic experiments assaying synaptosomal membrane K(+)-p-nitrophenylphosphatase ...
Moreau Régis - - 2003
Gulonolactone oxidase (GLO) is the enzyme responsible for the last step of ascorbic acid biosynthesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary alpha-tocopherol and ascorbic acid on GLO activity in a lower vertebrate, the white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus). Both alpha-tocopherol and ascorbic acid modulated renal ...
Nagata Toshifumi - - 2003
Stabilization of the levels of active oxygen species (AOS) is important to the survival of organisms. To clarify the system controlling levels of AOS in plants, this study used an electron spin resonance (ESR) method to directly measure superoxide radical (O(2)(.-)) scavenging activities in the wild-type Arabidopsis thaliana (Col and ...
Lykkesfeldt Jens - - 2003
Considerable evidence exists that smoking significantly lowers the concentration of plasma antioxidants. While for most antioxidants this effect appears to result mainly from altered dietary habits, ascorbic acid has recently been shown to be depleted by smoking per se. However, the direct cause of ascorbate depletion remains unclear. Erythorbic acid ...
Córdoba-Pedregosa Maria del Carmen Mdel - - 2003
In this paper we show an asymmetrical distribution of apoplastic and symplastic ascorbic acid content, peroxidase activities and hydrogen peroxide along the root axis in Allium cepa L. For most of these metabolites, a marked gradient from the root apex to the onion base was observed and was different for ...
Kanehira Tsutomu - - 2003
Kinobeon A is produced from cell cultures of the medicinal plant, safflower. Mushroom tyrosinase activity was inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner when treated with kinobeon A using L-tyrosine or L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalannine (L-DOPA) as substrates. IC50 values were 22 microM (substrate: L-tyrosine) and 27 microM (L-DOPA). Inhibition of human tyrosinase activity also ...
Leipnitz Guilhian - - 2003
Short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (SCAD) deficiency is an inherited metabolic disorder biochemically characterized by tissue accumulation of predominantly ethylmalonic acid (EMA) and clinically by neurological dysfunction. In the present study we investigated the in vitro effects of EMA on the activity of the mitochondrial (Mi-CK) and cytosolic (Cy-CK) creatine kinase isoforms ...
Spiclin Polona - - 2003
Sodium ascorbyl phosphate is a hydrophilic derivative of ascorbic acid, which has improved stability arising from its chemical structure. It is used in cosmetic and pharmaceutical preparations since it has many favorable effects in the skin, the most important being antioxidant action. In order to achieve this, it has to ...
Ghyczy Miklós - - 2003
Indirect evidence suggests that an abnormal increase in reducing power (reductive stress) may be associated with abnormal clinical states. We have recently proposed that under such conditions biomolecules with electrophilic methyl groups (EMGs) bound to positively charged nitrogen or sulfur moieties may act as electron acceptors and that this poising ...
Teixeira Marcos F S - - 2003
A carbon paste electrode modified with copper(II) phosphate immobilized in a polyester resin (CuP-Poly) is proposed for voltammetric determination of L-ascorbic acid in pharmaceutical formulations. The modified electrode allows the detection of L-ascorbic acid at lower anodic potentials than observed at unmodified electrodes. Several parameters that can influence the voltammetric ...
Wang Jin-Ye - - 2003
Mutant male osteogenic disorder Shionogi (ODS) rats, unable to synthesize ascorbic acid, were fed diets containing a high content of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and different amounts of ascorbic acid, to study the effect of DHA on peroxidative susceptibility of the retina and possible antioxidant action of ascorbic acid. ODS rats ...
Orlický Jozef - - 2003
Aqueous solutions of ascorbic acid in unsupported and supported aqueous solutions and real samples were studied by the kinetics-sensitive double-step voltcoulommetric method with the aim to contribute to a better understanding of its behavior in biological systems. The data obtained from measurements made on analytes prepared in the laboratory, as ...
Agarwal Rachna - - 2003
Mouse peritoneal macrophages (MPM) when elicited by the antioxidant ascorbic acid have been found to be significantly stimulatory, exhibiting marked alteration at the cellular and enzyme levels. Alterations recorded were as follows--cellular yield per mouse, their protein content, lysosomal acid hydrolase levels and capability to phagocyte, all were significantly enhanced. ...
Deaton Christopher M - - 2003
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a non-enzymatic antioxidant important in protecting the lung against oxidative damage and is decreased in lung lining fluid of horses with airway inflammation. To examine possible therapeutic regimens in a species with ascorbate-synthesising capacity, we studied the effects of oral supplementation of two forms of ...
Kothari K - - 2003
A new procedure for labeling hydroxyapatite (HA) particles with 188Re for radiation synovectomy is described and standardized. The particles were labeled with 188Re in high yields (99%) in acidic medium. HA particle size remained unaffected by reaction conditions as checked by laser diffraction particle analyzer. 188Re-HA was found to be ...
Yousef M I - - 2003
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of supplementation of ascorbic acid, Vitamin E (Vit. E) and their combination in drinking water on sperm characteristics, lipid peroxidation (LPO) and seminal plasma enzymes of mature male rabbits. Twenty-four male New Zealand White rabbits (5 months old) were given ...
Cotelle Philippe - - 2003
4-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)-5-(4-hydroxyphenylmethyl)-2-hydroxyfurane-2-one 1 was prepared by an acidic dimerisation of 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid and some of its antioxidant and spectroscopic properties have been measured and compared to that of ascorbic acid. 1 is as good an antioxidant as ascorbic acid in the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl hydrazyl radical) test and the inhibition of hydroxyl ...
Chen Zhong - - 2003
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is essential to prevent disease associated with connective tissue (e.g., scurvy), improves cardiovascular and immune cell functions, and is used to regenerate alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E). In contrast to most animals, humans lack the ability to synthesize ascorbic acid as a result of a mutation in the ...
Szcześniak-Fabiańczyk Barbara - - 2003
The aim of the experiment was to determine the effect of potential antioxidants (adenosine, L-cysteine hydrochloride, ascorbic acid, magnesium fumarate and prolactin) supplementing the Biosolwens extender on semen survival time and sperm chromatin structure. The semen motility was examined every day and the susceptibility of sperm chromatin to denaturation was ...
Ramanathan K - - 2003
Arsenic, a naturally occurring element, is present in food, soil, air and water. All human populations are exposed to arsenic and its compounds through occupational or environmental processes. Since arsenic compounds have been shown to exert their toxicity chiefly by generating reactive oxygen species, we have evaluated the effect of ...
Margolis Sam A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The accurate and reproducible measurement of ascorbic acid is essential in delineating the role of ascorbic acid as a diagnostic tool for human disease and for the comparison of data acquired by different laboratories. A stabilized pair of standards of ascorbic acid in human serum, which is compatible with ...
Nanqin Gan - - 2003
This paper reports a new method for detection of ROS scavengers including superoxide dismutase, ascorbic acid and glutathione based on a 'probe' of peroxidase-oxidase biochemical oscillator. The oscillation period and amplitude change with different concentrations of scavengers. The linear ranges of superoxide dismutase, ascorbic acid and glutathione are respectively 1.56 ...
Rachel John D - - 2003
To quantitatively examine the effects of skin rejuvenation regimens in treating photodamaged skin. Fourteen patients with photodamaged skin were considered for analysis. Skin rejuvenation regimens were as follows: (1) 10 weeks of treatment with topical 0.05% tretinoin emollient cream, (2) 10 weeks of treatment with 0.05% tretinoin emollient cream and ...
Argirova Mariana - - 2003
The effects of three dipeptides L-phenylalanyl-glybine, glycyl-L-phenylalanine,and aspartame (L-aspartyl-L-phenylalanine, methyl ester) as inhibitors of the ascorbic acid-induced modifications in lens proteins were studied. Their efficiency was compared to that of two known inhibitors--aminoguanidine and carnosine. The tested dipeptides diminished protein carbonyl content by 32-58% and most moderated the formation of ...
Jagetia Ganesh Chandra - - 2003
Alteration of the radiation-induced changes in wound contraction, collagen synthesis and wound histology by ascorbic acid was studied in mice exposed to 10, 16 and 20 Gy of fractionated (2 Gy/fraction) gamma radiation. The animals were given double-distilled water or ascorbic acid daily before exposure to 2 Gy/day of fractionated ...
Pokorski Mieczysław - - 2003
We have investigated the hypothesis that a lipid-soluble derivative of ascorbic acid, ascorbyl-6-palmitate (AP), could serve as a carrier of ascorbate into neural tissues. Ascorbate could then exert its physiological effects in the biomembranes that are the target sites of the cellular signaling pathways which are normally hardly accessible to ...
Kawai Kaori - - 2003
We have previously reported the establishment of a novel rat strain, SHR-od, with both spontaneous hypertension and a defect of ascorbic acid biosynthesis. Blood pressure in mature SHR-od fed an ascorbic acid-supplemented diet is over 190-200 mmHg, while it decreased to around 120 mmHg at 4-5 weeks after the cessation ...
Ahn Hyun-Joo - - 2003
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the irradiation and modified atmosphere packaging effects on emulsion-type cooked pork sausage during storage for 4 weeks. CO(2) (100%), N(2) (100%), or 25% CO(2)/75% N(2) packaged sausage were irradiated at 0, 5, and 10 kGy, and residual nitrite, residual ascorbic acid, nitrosomyoglobin (NO-Mb), ...
Talcott Stephen T - - 2003
Yellow passion fruit juice (PFJ, Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa) is an important component of many tropical fruit beverages, but limited data exist on its antioxidant chemical composition and stability during processing and storage. PFJ fortified with ascorbic acid (450 mg/L) and sucrose (10%) was compared to a nonfortified control, and ...
Talcott Stephen T - - 2003
Muscadine (Vitis rotundifolia) grape juice was assessed for color and phytochemical stability as influenced by anthocyanin copigmentation with a water-soluble rosemary extract, fortification with ascorbic acid, and processing by heat or high hydrostatic pressure (HHP). The roles of polyphenolic cofactors in the presence and in the absence of ascorbic acid ...
Celik L - - 2003
The present study was initiated to determine whether dietary supplemental L-carnitine and ascorbic acid affect growth performance, carcass yield and composition, abdominal fat and plasma L-carnitine concentration of broiler chicks reared under normal and high temperature. During the experiment, two temperature regimes were employed in two experimental rooms, which were ...
Kelly Greg - - 2003
The requirement for antioxidant nutrients depends on a person's exposure to endogenous and exogenous reactive oxygen species. Since cigarette smoking results in an increased cumulative exposure to reactive oxygen species from both sources, it would seem cigarette smokers might have an increased requirement for antioxidant nutrients. This review examines available ...
Tang Ning - - 2003
An automatic HPLC system for analyzing nitropolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (NPAHs, nitroarenes) in airborne particulates was previously described (Anal. Chim. Acta, 2001, 445, 20). Some problems with this system were that it generated a peak originating from an ascorbic acid solution that elutes at a retention time close to that of ...
Simões Sandra I D - - 2003
The objective of this work was to evaluate the use of vitamin C as a biomarker in the inflammatory phase of the rat adjuvant arthritis and to correlate it with other parameters used for disease evaluation. Paw swelling was used for physical evaluation and the levels of ascorbate and dehydroascorbate ...
Agius Fernanda - - 2003
L-Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in fruits and vegetables is an essential component of human nutrition. Surprisingly, only limited information is available about the pathway(s) leading to its biosynthesis in plants. Here, we report the isolation and characterization of GalUR, a gene from strawberry that encodes an NADPH-dependent D-galacturonate reductase. We ...
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