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Guerra Angela A Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Parma , Parma , Italy - - 2014
Abstract This work aimed to underline the prospects of hippuric acid, a product of the metabolism of polyphenols, as a new biomarker of fruits and vegetables intake associated with lithogenic risk. Biochemical parameters of lithogenic risk and hippuric acid were measured in the 24 h urine collections of a cohort ...
Farrell Scott F SF School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Newcastle, NSW, 2308, Australia, - - 2014
Demineralization can facilitate the dissection of soft tissue structures in inaccessible locations by softening surrounding bone so that it can be easily removed without risking damage to the structure of interest. However, it is unclear whether demineralization alters the morphometry of soft tissues if used for this purpose. We have ...
Fejes-Szabó Annamária A Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Albert Szent-Györgyi Clinical Centre, University of Szeged, Semmelweis u. 6, 6725, Szeged, - - 2014
The systemic administration of nitroglycerine induces attacks in migraineurs and is able to activate and sensitize the trigeminal system in animals involving glutamate and α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, among others. Kynurenic acid is one of the endogenous glutamate receptor antagonists, and exerts inhibitory action on the α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Since kynurenic ...
Zhao Bing B Department of Health, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450052, P.R. - - 2013
Gallic acid is a trihydroxybenzoic acid, also known as 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid, which is present in plants worldwide, including Chinese medicinal herbs. Gallic acid has been shown to have cytotoxic effects in certain cancer cells, without damaging normal cells. The objective of the present study was to determine whether gallic acid ...
Yamashita Aki - - 2013
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) have anti-inflammatory effects. Preterm birth is an important problem in modern obstetrics and one of the main causes is an inflammation. We here showed that abundance of omega-3 fatty acids reduced the incidence of preterm birth induced by LPS with fat-1 ...
Skulas-Ray Ann C - - 2012
Omega-3 fatty acids reduced heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) in some studies, but dose-response studies are rare, and little is known about underlying mechanisms. We examined effects of 0.85 g/day eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) + docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (low dose) and 3.4 g/day EPA + DHA (high dose) on HR and ...
Feng Zhijing - - 2012
This study assessed the effects of long-term, low-dose dimethoate administration to rats by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS). Dimethoate (0.04, 0.12, and 0.36mg/kg body weight/day) was administered daily to male Wistar rats through their drinking water for 24weeks. Significant changes in serum clinical chemistry were observed in the middle- and ...
Santos F S - - 2012
The objective was to quantify cis and trans fatty acids in maternal plasma and infant cord plasma from adolescent mothers. From 80 adolescent healthy mothers, we sampled postpartum maternal blood and umbilical cord blood at birth. Trans fatty acids (tFAs), linoleic (18:2), and arachidonic (AA, 20:4) acids of the n-6 ...
Wu Sheng-di - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ursodeoxycholic acid on patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis using meta-analysis. PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Chinese Biomedical Databases, and article references were searched. We included randomized controlled trials using liver biopsy as a reference standard. We identified three ...
Marina Oana C - - 2012
Acetic acid has been used for decades as an aid for the detection of precancerous cervical lesions, and the use of acetic acid is being investigated in several other tissues. Nonetheless, the mechanism of acetowhitening is unclear. This work tests some of the hypotheses in the literature and measures changes ...
Burns T A - - 2012
Our objective was to determine if palmitoleic (C16:1 cis-9) acid supplementation to primary bovine adipocytes regulates lipogenic gene expression and rates of lipogenesis. Stromal vascular cells were isolated from subcutaneous and intermuscular fat, propagated, and frozen for use in this study. Cells were passaged 4 times, allowed to reach confluence, ...
Usman M Haris U - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Postprandial triglyceridemia predicts cardiovascular events. Niacin might lower postprandial triglycerides by restricting free fatty acids. Immediate-release niacin reduced postprandial triglycerides, but extended-release niacin failed to do so when dosed the night before a fat challenge. The study aims were to determine whether extended-release niacin dosed before a fat challenge ...
Qiu Yu-Dong YD Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Medical College of Nanjing University, Jiangsu Province's Key Medical Center for Hepatobiliary Disease, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu Province, China. - - 2012
To evaluate the effectiveness of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (ω-3 PUFA) administration on liver regeneration after 90% partial hepatectomy (PH) in rats. ω-3 PUFAs were intravenously injected in the ω-3 PUFA group before PH surgery. PH, sparing only the caudate lobe, was performed in both the control and the ω-3 ...
Johnson Mats - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess baseline levels and changes in plasma fatty acid profiles in children and adolescents with ADHD, in a placebo-controlled study with Omega 3/6 supplementation, and to compare with treatment response. Seventy-five children and adolescents aged 8-18 years with DSM-IV ADHD were randomized to 3 months ...
Nielsen M S - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Marine n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have a variety of anti-inflammatory properties. This study evaluated the effect of n-3 PUFA in a low, but recommended cardioprotective dosage on the formation of 5-lipoxygenase pathway metabolites in overweight subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty subjects were randomized to 1.1g of n-3 PUFA ...
Mateus Pedro - - 2012
A polyoxapolyaza heteroditopic macrobicyclic compound (btpN(4)O(3)) was synthesized. The acid-base behaviour of the compound as well as its binding ability for zwitterionic amino acids were studied by potentiometry at 298.2 ± 0.1 K in H(2)O-MeOH (50 : 50 v/v) and at I = 0.10 ± 0.01 M in NMe(4)TsO. The H(n)btpN(4)O(3)(n+) showed ...
Miller Eliza - - 2012
PURPOSE: Despite the detailed knowledge of the absorption and incorporation of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) into plasma lipids and red blood cells (RBC) in humans, very little is known about docosapentaenoic acid (DPA, 22:5 n-3). The aim of this study was to investigate the uptake and incorporation ...
Kamitani Shigeki - - 2012
Secretory phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)s) are a diverse family of low molecular mass enzymes (13-18 kDa) that hydrolyze the sn-2 fatty acid ester bond of glycerophospholipids to produce free fatty acids and lysophospholipids. We have previously shown that group X sPLA(2) (sPLA(2)-X) had a strong hydrolyzing activity toward phosphatidylcholine in low-density ...
Jacobson Terry A - - 2012
ω-3 fatty acids reduce triglyceride (TG) levels, but corresponding increases in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels may compromise achievement of lipid goals in patients with elevated cardiovascular risk. AMR101 is an investigational agent containing ≥96% of pure icosapent ethyl (the ethyl ester of eicosapentaenoic acid). The Phase III Multi-Center, Placebo-Controlled, ...
Li Xueyuan - - 2012
Erucic acid (22 : 1) is a major feedstock for the oleochemical industry. In this study, a gene stacking strategy was employed to develop transgenic Crambe abyssinica lines with increased 22 : 1 levels. Through integration of the LdLPAAT, BnFAE1 and CaFAD2-RNAi genes into the crambe genome, confirmed by Southern blot and qRT-PCR, the ...
Hess T M - - 2012
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of different sources of dietary omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on plasma, red blood cell, and skeletal muscle fatty acid compositions in horses. Twenty-one mares were blocked by age, BW, and BCS and assigned to one of 3 dietary treatments with ...
Deleault Nathan R - - 2012
Infectious prions containing the pathogenic conformer of the mammalian prion protein (PrP(Sc)) can be produced de novo from a mixture of the normal conformer (PrP(C)) with RNA and lipid molecules. Recent reconstitution studies indicate that nucleic acids are not required for the propagation of mouse prions in vitro, suggesting the ...
Kaur Gunveen - - 2012
Previous studies have revealed that C20 PUFA are significantly less oxidised to CO2 in whole-body studies compared with SFA, MUFA and C18 PUFA. The present study determined the extent to which three long-chain PUFA, namely 20 : 5n-3 EPA, 22 : 5n-3 docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) and 22 : 6n-3 DHA, were catabolised to CO2 ...
Moure S P - - 2012
Adverse effects on the oral mucosa after the use of dermal fillers have been increasingly reported due to their increased use for facial aesthetics. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical and histologic effects of two types of product, 10% polymethylmethacrylate and 20mg/ml hyaluronic acid, locally and ...
Ghezzi Michele - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the proportion of acid and weakly acidic refluxes preceding cough bursts could be different in infants, preschool- and school-aged children with chronic, unexplained cough. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred six children with unexplained chronic cough, not receiving acid suppressive therapy, underwent impedance-pH monitoring. They were divided ...
Moutzouri Elisavet - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Uric acid is considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The effect of statins and ezetimibe on serum uric acid levels has not been yet clarified. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of simvastatin/ezetimibe 10/10 mg, simvastatin 40 mg, and rosuvastatin 10 mg daily on serum uric acid levels ...
Pecyna Jacek G - - 2012
The apparent ionization constants pK(a)' for series of carboxylic acids [closo-1-CB(9)H(8)-1-COOH-10-X](-) (1) and [closo-1-CB(11)H(10)-1-COOH-12-X](-) (2), where X = H, I, n-C(6)H(13), (+)NMe(3), (+)N(2), (+)SMe(2), OC(5)H(11), were measured in EtOH/H(2)O (1/1, v/v) at 24 °C. Correlation analysis of the pK(a)' values using Hammett substituent constants σ(p)(X) gave the reaction constant ρ ...
Nakamura Takanori - - 2012
The surface modification of a layered alkali silicate, octosilicate (Na2Si8O17•nH2O), with sulfonic acid group was conducted. Sulfonic acid group was attached on the silicate layer by the reaction of octosilicate with phenethyl(dichloro)methylsilane and the subsequent sulfonation of the attached phenethyl groups with chlorosulfonic acid. The modified octosilicate is a solid ...
Torkildsen Oivind - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether ω-3 fatty acids reduce magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and clinical disease activity in patients with multiple sclerosis, both as monotherapy and in combination with interferon beta-1a treatment. DESIGN: Multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial conducted from 2004 to 2008. SETTING: Thirteen public neurology departments in Norway. ...
Neilands J - - 2012
In this study we investigated the effect of fluoride on plaque acid tolerance. The test group consumed 200 ml of milk supplemented with 5 mg F/l as NaF once a day, the milk control group drank 200 ml of unsupplemented milk, and the no-milk control group did not consume milk ...
Silva Christopher J - - 2012
PrP(Sc) is an infectious protein. The only experimentally verified difference between PrP(Sc) and its normal cellular isoform (PrP(C)) is conformational. This work describes an approach to determining the presence of surface exposed or sequestered amino acids present in the PrP(Sc) isoform. The N-hydroxysuccinimide esters of acetic acid and 4-trimethylammoniumbutyric acid ...
Pop Lucian C - - 2012
The asymmetric unit of the title solvate, C(20)H(14)O(4)·2C(2)D(6)OS, contains half of the substituted terephthalic acid mol-ecule and one solvent mol-ecule. The centroid of the central benzene ring in the acid mol-ecule is coincident with a crystallographic inversion center. Neither the carboxyl nor the phenyl substituents are coplanar with the central ...
Mortenson D - - 2012
Mortenson D, Sadilek M, Flake NM, Paranjpe A, Heling I, Johnson JD, Cohenca N. The effect of using an alternative irrigant between sodium hypochlorite and chlorhexidine to prevent the formation of para-chloroaniline within the root canal system. International Endodontic Journal. ABSTRACT: Aim  To determine if the formation of para-chloroaniline (PCA) ...
Giltay E J - - 2012
The intake of the n-3 fatty acids alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has been related to testosterone levels in epidemiological analyses. The aim of this study was to assess whether the n-3 fatty acids affects testosterone levels in post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients, who are at risk ...
Ramalho Karen Müller - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of CO(2) laser (10.6 μm) irradiation with 5-μs pulse width in prevention of enamel erosion due to citric acid exposure in vitro. One hundred forty-four bovine enamel samples were cut into 5 × 5 × 2-mm-size slabs and polished to obtain plane surfaces. Enamel surfaces ...
Ferrer-Luque Carmen María - - 2012
The use of chelating agents in endodontic treatment is required to remove the smear layer and to achieve better disinfection within the root canal system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the residual antimicrobial activity of 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), 7% maleic acid (MA), and 10% lactic acid ...
Wegehaupt Florian J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To test sealants to prevent erosive tooth wear caused by extrinsic and intrinsic acids under long-term exposition. METHODS: 144 bovine enamel samples were randomly allocated to twelve groups (1-12). Samples of groups 1, 5 and 9 remained unsealed (positive controls), 2, 6 and 10 were sealed with Silicon Seal ...
Chatzi Leda - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether high doses of folic acid supplementation in early pregnancy are associated with child neurodevelopment at 18 months of age. DESIGN: The study uses data from the prospective mother-child cohort 'Rhea' study. Pregnant women completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire on folic acid supplementation at 14-18 weeks of gestation. ...
Alian Zahra - - 2012
Endothelial dysfunction is considered as a fundamental and also preventable factor in the progression of vascular complications among type 1 diabetic patient. It occurs before the clinical manifestation of the mentioned complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of folic acid on endothelial function by measurements ...
Baliarsingh Simant - - 2012
Uric acid, the final product of purine catabolism, has been associated with dyslipidemia, most importantly hypertriglyceridemia. But studies on the relation between uric acid and lipid parameters in the Indian population have been minimal. Relation between serum uric acid and serum lipids in 121 healthy men, aged 34 to 60 ...
Bhandari Hanul Srinivas - - 2012
In this rare case, the patient presented with opsoclonus, myoclonus and ataxia. Serological and imaging studies revealed high glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody (GAD-Ab) levels. High-dose corticosteroids were of no benefit and subsequent intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) administration proved resolution of the condition. Levetiracetam proved useful in symptomatically controlling the myoclonus. Follow-up ...
Kassem Amira Abdulbari - - 2012
The objective of this paper is to study the effects of varying dietary levels of n-6 : n-3 fatty acid ratio on plasma and tissue fatty acid composition in rat. The treatment groups included control rats fed chow diet only, rats fed 50% soybean oil (SBO): 50% cod liver oil (CLO) (1 : 1), ...
Zhou Xiao-Ming XM Department of Epidemiology, Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, Fudan University, Shanghai 201508, China. - - 2011
To explore mutations around the interferon sensitivity-determining region (ISDR) which are associated with the resistance of hepatitis C virus 1b (HCV-1b) to interferon-α treatment. Thirty-seven HCV-1b samples were obtained from Hong Kong patients who had completed the combined interferon-α/ribavirin treatment for more than one year with available response data. Nineteen ...
Irvin Susan C - - 2012
Myocarditis is indicated as the second leading cause of sudden death in young adults. Reovirus induces myocarditis in neonatal mice, providing a tractable model system for investigation of this important disease. Alpha/beta-interferon (IFN-α/β) treatment improves cardiac function and inhibits viral replication in patients with chronic myocarditis, and the host IFN-α/β ...
Tejera Noemi - - 2012
Biosynthesis of 5,15-dihydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5,15-diHETE) in leukocytes involves consecutive oxygenation of arachidonic acid by 5-lipoxygenase (LOX) and 15-LOX in either order. Here, we analyzed the contribution of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 to the biosynthesis of 5,15-diHETE and 5,11-diHETE in isolated human leukocytes activated with lipopolysaccharide and calcium ionophore A23187. Transformation of arachidonic ...
Vinolo Marco A R - - 2011
The short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) acetate (C(2)), propionate (C(3)) and butyrate (C(4)) are the main metabolic products of anaerobic bacteria fermentation in the intestine. In addition to their important role as fuel for intestinal epithelial cells, SCFAs modulate different processes in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract such as electrolyte and ...
Shen Li-Tao - - 2011
The cinchona alkaloids-catalyzed γ-amination of α,β-unsaturated acyl chlorides with azodicarboxylates was developed to give the corresponding dihydropyridazinones in good yields with high enantioselectivities. Reductive ring-opening of the dihydropyridazinones afforded series of cyclic and acyclic γ-amino acid derivatives in good yields with high enantiopurity.
Viau Sabrina - - 2011
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate whether polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) such as γ-linolenic acid (GLA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), as found in the diet, may affect the lipid composition of conjunctival epithelium and whether these modifications affect prostaglandin (PG) production after inflammatory stimulation. METHODS: Chang and IOBA-NHC conjunctival ...
Yahoo Neda - - 2011
Heterogeneity of subgenomic regions of hepatitis C virus (HCV) may be associated with response to interferon (IFN) therapy. The amino acid sequences of the PKR/eIF-2α phosphorylation homology domain (pePHD), IFN sensitivity determining region (ISDR), PKR binding domain (PKRBD), and variable region 3 (V3) were studied in 19 patients before and ...
Hori Yasunobu - - 2011
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are widely used for the treatment of acid-related diseases. However, several medical needs such as suppression of night-time acid secretion and rapid symptom relief remain unmet. In this study, we investigated the effects of 1-[5-(2-fluorophenyl)-1-(pyridin-3-ylsulfonyl)-1H-pyrrol-3-yl]-N-methylmethanamine monofumarate (TAK-438), a novel potassium-competitive acid blocker (P-CAB), on acid secretion ...
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