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Results 301 - 350 of 1596
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Real-Fernández Feliciana - - 2008
Glycopeptide analogues of CSF114(Glc), modified at N-terminus with new ferrocenyl carboxylic acid and a new ferrocenyl-thiphosphino amino acid, were used to implement a new electrochemical biosensor for autoantibody detection in multiple sclerosis. The ferrocenyl moiety of these "electrochemical probes" did not affect autoantibody recognition both in SP-ELISA and in inhibition ...
Kurz Matthias - - 2008
Compatible solutes are small organic osmolytes including but not limited to sugars, polyols, amino acids, and their derivatives. They are compatible with cell metabolism even at molar concentrations. A variety of organisms synthesize or take up compatible solutes for adaptation to extreme environments. In addition to their protective action on ...
Dow Steven - - 2008
Cationic liposome-nucleic acid complexes, which were originally developed for use as non-viral gene delivery vectors, may now have an equally important application as immunotherapeutic drugs. Recent studies have highlighted the ability of cationic liposomes to potently activate the innate immune system when used to deliver certain Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists. ...
Smith C I Edvard - - 2008
The Bioplex technology allows the hybridization of functional entities to various forms of nucleic acids by the use of synthetic nucleic acid analogs. Such supramolecular assemblies can be made in a predetermined fashion and can confer new properties. The Zorro technology is based on a novel construct generated to simultaneously ...
Ghosn Bilal - - 2008
Chitosan is a polysaccharide that has generated significant interest as a non-viral gene delivery vehicle due to its cationic and biocompatible characteristics. However, transfection efficiency of chitosan is significantly lower compared to other cationic gene delivery agents, e.g. polyethyleneimine (PEI), dendrimers or cationic lipids. This is primarily attributed to its ...
Enrichi Francesco - - 2008
This work presents the morphological and optical properties of luminescent silica spheres, discussing applications in bioimaging and biosensing. The spheres are obtained by the hydrolysis and condensation of tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and can be synthesized by following either a basic or an acidic route. Luminescence emission is induced after incorporation of ...
Sharma Pawan K - - 2008
Two locked nucleic acid (LNA) analogues, i.e. a 3'-C-hydroxymethyl derivative and a 6'(R)-hydroxymethyl derivative of the LNA thymidine monomer, have been synthesized efficiently using convergent strategies. The hydroxymethyl group at the 3'-position or the 6'-position provides a versatile starting point for various modifications of LNA.
Huang Qing - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hybridization chain reaction (HCR) is an attractive method to amplify the signal of targeted nucleic acids. METHODS: Fluorescent HCR systems, including basic fluorescent HCR and real-time fluorescent HCR, were developed and evaluated in the present study. RESULTS: Fluorescent HCR but not basic HCR could be performed by enzyme-free signal ...
Hattori Y - - 2008
Valproic acid (VPA) is a commonly prescribed and approved treatment for epilepsy, including Angelman syndrome, throughout the world. However, the long-term administration of drugs like VPA is associated with the possible development of gastric varices and splenic obstruction as a result of chronic pancreatitis. Such cases can be difficult to ...
Laufer S D - - 2008
Cellular uptake of therapeutic oligonucleotides and subsequent intracellular trafficking to their target sites represents the major technical hurdle for the biological effectiveness of these potential drugs. Accordingly, laboratories worldwide focus on the development of suitable delivery systems. Among the different available non-viral systems like cationic polymers, cationic liposomes and polymeric ...
Diebold Sandra S - - 2008
The Toll-like receptors (TLR), mediating innate immune activation upon recognition of viral nucleic acids, represent promising targets for the development of adjuvants. Therefore, there is great interest in unraveling the underlying mechanisms of ligand recognition. Studies aiming to identify which sequences, nucleic acid modifications and molecular moieties of viral nucleic ...
Obika Satoshi - - 2008
2'-O,4'-C-methylene bridged nucleic acid (2',4'-BNA) monomers bearing novel unnatural nucleobases, 4-(3-benzamidophenyl)-2-pyridone and 2-(N-methylbenzamido)thiazole, were synthesized and successfully incorporated into oligonucleotides. UV melting experiments showed that the corresponding oligonucleotide derivatives formed stable triplexes with dsDNA targets even in the presence of a T.A interruption.
Umemoto Tadashi - - 2007
A homogenous fluorescence dual-probe assay containing 2'-N-(pyren-1-ylmethyl)-2'-amino-LNA (locked nucleic acid) building blocks has been developed for effective mismatch-sensitive nucleic acid detection. The pyrene units, which are connected to the rigid bicyclic furanose derivative of 2'-amino-LNA through a short linker, are positioned at the 3' and 5' ends of a dual-probe ...
Poltev V I - - 2007
High level ab initio studies demonstrate substantial conformational flexibility of amino groups of nucleic acid bases. This flexibility is important for biological functions of DNA. Existing force field models of molecular mechanics do not describe this phenomenon due to a lack of quantitative experimental data necessary for an adjustment of ...
Becker R C - - 2007
The translation of fundamental science-based constructs to the preemptive identification and optimal management of individuals with or those at risk for thrombotic disorders of the cardiovascular system has taken a step closer to being realized with the development of molecular technologies that include nucleic acid aptamers and their complimentary oligonucleotide ...
Koga Yoshikata - - 2007
Earlier, we developed the 1-propanol probing methodology that could separately evaluate the relative hydrophobicity and hydrophilicity scale of a given sample. We applied it here to fructose, glucose, sucrose, and trehalose and evaluated the same for these saccharides. We then construct a two-dimensional map with the hydrophobicity and the hydrophilicity ...
Zhang David Yu - - 2007
Artificial biochemical circuits are likely to play as large a role in biological engineering as electrical circuits have played in the engineering of electromechanical devices. Toward that end, nucleic acids provide a designable substrate for the regulation of biochemical reactions. However, it has been difficult to incorporate signal amplification components. ...
Müller Jens - - 2008
Monitoring of in-vitro selection experiments is crucial in evaluation of the success and outcome of such approaches. Furthermore, monitoring running in parallel with the selection procedure enables early intervention and adjustment of stringency to achieve the desired activities of the selected nucleic acid species. Here we describe the use of ...
Tahara Kohei - - 2008
The purpose of this paper was to establish the surface modified poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanosphere platform with chitosan (CS) for gene delivery by using the emulsion solvent diffusion (ESD) method. The advantages of this method are a simple process under mild conditions without sonication. This method requires essentially dissolving both polymer ...
Marras Salvatore A E - - 2008
The use of fluorescent nucleic acid hybridization probes that generate a fluorescence signal only when they bind to their target enables real-time monitoring of nucleic acid amplification assays. Real-time nucleic acid amplification assays markedly improves the ability to obtain qualitative and quantitative results. Furthermore, these assays can be carried out ...
Paliwal Sumit - - 2007
The biomolecular composition of human skin, represented by a multitude of lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, and other miscellaneous molecules, is a sensitive indicator of skin's local health, as well as the body's systemic health. However, this information is not easily accessible, and consequently not used in the current diagnostic methods. ...
Wu Yi-Te - - 2007
A specific 5'-modified amino group oligonucleotide (Primer 1), 15-mers in length, is selectively coupled with the carboxyl terminated 16-mercaptohexadecanoic acid (MHDA) chemically adsorbed on Au and subsequently hybridized with Antisense Primer. The amide-coupling process is of significance to create an intermediate structure for the purpose of adding Primer 1, while ...
Meader E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The ability of molecular methods to detect low levels of nucleic acid has led to the widespread application of techniques based on nucleic acid amplification tests in microbiological diagnosis. This exquisite sensitivity is recognised in the laboratory to require stringent precautions to avoid contamination, but this is not widely ...
Wolff Jon A - - 2008
The delivery of a variety of nucleic acids such as plasmid DNA (pDNA) and small interfering RNA (siRNA) to mammalian cells is both an important research tool and potential therapeutic approach. Synthetic vehicles (SVs) that include lipoplexes and polyplexes, are widely used for non-viral delivery. A promising method of improving ...
Ducéré Jean-Marie - - 2007
We present an accurate parametrization of density functional theory augmented with an empirical correction term to describe properly pi-stacking interactions in nucleic acids. The approach is based on the popular Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof (PBE), Becke-Perdew (BP), and hybrid Becke-Lee-Yang-Parr (B3LYP) density functionals augmented by a classical London C(6)R(-6) dispersion term. The novelty ...
Smith Stephanie A - - 2007
PAGE is commonly used to identify and resolve inorganic polyphosphates (polyP). We now report highly sensitive and specific staining methods for polyP in polyacrylamide gels based on the fluorescent dye, 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindol (DAPI). DAPI bound to polyP in gels fluoresced yellow while DAPI bound to nucleic acids or glycosaminoglycans fluoresced blue. ...
Batchelor Robert H - - 2007
As a component of the (strept)avidin affinity system, biotin is often covalently linked to proteins or nucleic acids. We describe here a microplate-based high-throughput fluorometric assay for biotin linked to either proteins or nucleic acids based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). This assay utilizes a complex of Alexa Fluoro ...
Silverman Lisa N - - 2007
The vibrational Stark effect (VSE) has proven to be an effective method for the study of electric fields in proteins via the use of infrared probes. To explore the use of VSE in nucleic acids, we investigated the Stark spectroscopy of nine structurally diverse nucleosides. These nucleosides contained nitrile or ...
Cobb Alexander J A - - 2007
The synthesis of modified nucleic acids has been the subject of much study ever since the structure of DNA was elucidated by Watson and Crick at Cambridge and Wilkins and Franklin at King's College over half a century ago. This review describes recent developments in the synthesis and application of ...
Reller Megan E - - 2007
We investigated a 2.5-h peptide nucleic acid-fluorescence in situ hybridization (PNA-FISH) assay with five Candida species-specific probes to identify Candida colonies and compared it to standard 2-h to 5-day phenotypic identification methods. Suspensions were made and slides were prepared and read for fluorescence per the manufacturer's instructions. Sensitivity was 99% ...
Srivatsan Seergazhi G - - 2007
In vitro selection can be used to generate functional nucleic acids such as aptamers and ribozymes that can recognize a variety of molecules with high affinity and specificity. Most often these recognition events are associated with structural alterations that can be converted into detectable signals. Several signaling aptamers and ribozymes ...
Tamura Tomohiko - - 2007
Phylogenetic analysis of 'Sarraceniospora aurea' NBRC 14752 and strain NBRC 15120, based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, revealed that these organisms are related to members of the genus Actinocorallia. These organisms contained glutamic acid, alanine and meso-diaminopimelic acid as cell-wall amino acids and the menaquinones MK-9(H(4)), MK-9(H(6)) and MK-9(H(8)). The ...
Béïque L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to provide a systematic review of the available pharmacokinetic and clinical data on drug interactions between protease inhibitors (PIs) and acid-reducing agents, and their clinical relevance. METHODS: A literature search was performed using Medline and EMBASE, abstracts of the previous 2 years of ...
Chen Zhanguang - - 2007
Based on the interaction between nucleic acids and tetraphenyl porphyrinatoiron chloride (FeTPPCl), a novel method for the determination of nucleic acids at the nanogram level has been developed. Under the optimum conditions, the weak resonance light scattering (RLS) intensity of FeTPPCl was greatly enhanced by nucleic acids and the enhanced ...
Wagner Ernst - - 2007
Nonviral gene delivery systems are attractive because of their simplicity. One component (a natural or synthetic piece of nucleic acid) or two components (lipoplexes or polyplexes consisting of nucleic acid formulated with one cationic agent) may be sufficient. The simple design however entails also their limitation - a far lower ...
Su Xiaodi - - 2007
The development of label-free or nonlabeling assays for nucleic acids is important in basic biological research and biomedical diagnosis. In this study, we have developed an enzyme-based colorimetric assay for nucleic acids, which combines the robustness of nonlabeling of DNA and RNA samples and the adequate sensitivity of enzymatic reactions. ...
Shi Guo Hua - - 2008
CdSe quantum dots (QDs) were synthesized in oleic acid and octadecene medium under high-temperature and dispersed in chloroform. Nitroaromatic explosives and their relative compounds, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), 2,4-dinitrotoluene (DNT), nitrobenzene (NB), 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNBCl) and p-nitrotoluene (NT) can obviously cause the fluorescence quenching of the synthesized QDs. Under the optimum conditions, a ...
Shrestha Nabin K - - 2007
Tests based on nucleic acid amplification can rapidly detect mycobacteria in clinical samples. These appear to be promising and may change how mycobacterial diseases are diagnosed in the future. Utilization of nucleic acid hybridization and DNA sequencing has enabled the identification of mycobacteria to the species level and detection of ...
Blidner Richard A - - 2007
RNA interference is a phenomenon in which RNA molecules elicit potent and sequence-specific post-transcriptional gene silencing. Recent studies have shown that small interfering RNA containing pyrimidine 2'-fluoro modifications elicit RNAi. In this study, we demonstrate that fully-2'-fluorinated nucleic acids can be generated for RNAi studies through either custom solid-phase synthesis ...
Ahmad Ashraf - - 2007
Real-time PCR is a potent technique for nucleic acid quantification for research and diagnostic purposes, the wide dynamic range being one of the advantages over other techniques like the microarray. Several additives and enhancers have been studied to expand the PCR dynamic range in order to be more efficient in ...
Yu Yan - - 2007
In this investigation, the antibacterial modes of action of Radix Tinosporae, its major single components, and nine antibiotics with different targets or modes-of-action on Staphylococcus aureus were studied. Metabolic profiles of cultures treated with different medicines were acquired by HPLC/ESI-MS. After HPLC-MS data pretreatment, those profiles acquired were reduced into ...
Pensato Soccorsa - - 2007
Peptide nucleic acids are oligonucleotide mimics characterised by high chemical and enzymatic stability, high specificity and affinity toward complementary DNA/RNA. The lack of charge and polar groups in the backbone decrease their solubility in aqueous environment and their ability to cross cell membranes, reducing their performance in in vivo applications. ...
Lau Stanley C K - - 2007
The detection and analysis of nucleic acids extracted from microbial communities are the ultimate ways to determine the diversity and functional capability of microbial communities in the environments. However, it remains a challenge to use molecular techniques for unequivocal determination and quantification of microbial species composition and functional activities. Considerable ...
Mukhopadhyay S C - - 2008
Excessive removal of structural material from skin during leather processing results in unattractive crease formation in leather. It is difficult to detect this in pelts at an early processing stage as it only becomes really apparent once the skin is made into leather. There would be great advantages in detecting ...
Gil Adrià - - 2007
A systematic study of the CH/pi interactions of methane with the purine and pyrimidine bases of nucleic acids and with the lateral chains of the four natural aromatic amino acids has been carried out for the first time. The MPWB1K/6-31+G(d,p) method has shown to be adequate for the study of ...
Strazewski Peter - - 2007
We have not yet reached a generally accepted view on how the genetic code might have originated. What has been proposed so far? The main part of the contribution to the panel discussion was devoted to recall to the audience the chronological order of publications the main aim of which ...
Zhang Huiting - - 2007
Molecular imprinted polymers (MIPs) binding with phenoxyacetic acid (PA) as a dummy template molecule were synthesized via thermal initiation in aqueous medium. The retention behaviors of benzoic acid (BA), PA, 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA), 4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (4-CPA), and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) on this MIP column indicate that this material can selectively ...
Moore David J - - 2007
Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) studies are reported for combinations of cis-6-octadecenoic acid (also termed petroselinic acid, PSA) and octadecanoic acid (also termed stearic acid, SA) across a wide range of binary mole ratio combinations. The data are then used to plot the phase diagram ...
Próchniak G - - 2007
The crystal structure of the title compound, C(12)H(12)O(6)P(2), displays two different regions alternating along the a axis: a hydrogen-bonded region encompassing the end-positioned phosphonic acid groups and a hydrophobic region formed by the aromatic spacers. The asymmetric unit contains only half of the biphenyl-4,4'-diphosphonic acid (4,4'-bpdp) molecule, which is symmetric ...
Mairal Teresa - - 2008
Aptamers are artificial nucleic acid ligands, specifically generated against certain targets, such as amino acids, drugs, proteins or other molecules. In nature they exist as a nucleic acid based genetic regulatory element called a riboswitch. For generation of artificial ligands, they are isolated from combinatorial libraries of synthetic nucleic acid ...
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