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Nishida Masaru - - 2010
A novel bridged nucleic acid bearing cyclic urea structure was successfully synthesized and introduced into oligonucleotide, displaying attractive characteristics of highly RNA selective hybridization ability and excellent resistance towards nuclease degradation.
Chen Xi - - 2010
Nucleic acid-based nanotechnology has always been perceived as novel, but has begun to move from theoretical demonstrations to practical applications. In particular, the large address spaces available to nucleic acids can be exploited to encode algorithms and/or act as circuits and thereby process molecular information. In this review we not ...
Häner Robert - - 2010
Oligopyrenotides, abiotic oligomers that exhibit significant structural analogies to the nucleic acids, are described. They are composed of achiral, phosphodiester-linked pyrene building blocks and a single chiral 1,2-diaminocyclohexane unit. These oligomers form stable hybrids in aqueous solution. Hybridization is based on stacking interactions of the pyrene building blocks. They show ...
Wilhelmsson L Marcus - - 2010
The use of fluorescent nucleic acid base analogues is becoming increasingly important in the fields of biology, biochemistry and biophysical chemistry as well as in the field of DNA nanotechnology. The advantage of being able to incorporate a fluorescent probe molecule close to the site of examination in the nucleic ...
Manosas Maria - - 2010
In this work, we discuss the active or passive character of helicases. In the past years, several studies have used the theoretical framework proposed by Betterton and Julicher [Betterton, M.D. and Julicher, F. (2005) Opening of nucleic-acid double strands by helicases: active versus passive opening. Phys. Rev. E, 71, 11904-11911.] ...
Nargessi Dokhi - - 2010
Effective isolation of nucleic acids from samples containing viral materials is an essential step for accurate diagnosis of viral infections. The necessity of this critical step before analytical identification and diagnosis of viral infections is paramount to screening programs and to identifying and monitoring epidemics and pandemics. With molecular assays ...
Zhang Ning - - 2010
Peptide nucleic acids are a class of nondegradable oligonucleotide mimics that can be used as probes for nucleic acid sequences and could convey the necessary stability to be a diagnostic tool for use in a resource-limited setting. In this review, there is a brief introduction to the field of peptide ...
Cleaves H James HJ - - 2010
Nucleic acids, the storage molecules of genetic information, are composed of repeating polymers of ribonucleotides (in RNA) or deoxyribonucleotides (in DNA), which are themselves composed of a phosphate moiety, a sugar moiety, and a nitrogenous base. The interactions between these components and mineral surfaces are important because there is a ...
Sheng Jia - - 2010
It is estimated that over two thirds of all new crystal structures of proteins are determined via the protein selenium derivatization (selenomethionine (Se-Met) strategy). This selenium derivatization strategy via MAD (multi-wavelength anomalous dispersion) phasing has revolutionized protein X-ray crystallography. Through our pioneer research, similarly, Se has also been successfully incorporated ...
Müller Jens - - 2010
Metal ions are inevitably involved in almost every aspect of nucleic acid chemistry. Their most prominent role is certainly the maintenance of nucleic acid structural integrity. However, they serve various other roles as well, e.g. as catalytic co-factors in ribozymes, in determining the secondary structure of tetra-stranded helices, during RNA ...
Horowitz Eric D - - 2010
The RNA world hypothesis proposes that nucleic acids were once responsible for both information storage and chemical catalysis, before the advent of coded protein synthesis. However, it is difficult to imagine how nucleic acid polymers first appeared, as the abiotic chemical formation of long nucleic acid polymers from mononucleotides or ...
Veedu Rakesh N - - 2010
Locked Nucleic Acid (LNA) is a unique nucleic-acid modification possessing very high binding affinity and excellent specificity toward complementary RNA or DNA oligonucleotides. The remarkable properties exhibited by LNA oligonucleotides have been employed in different nucleic acid-based therapeutic strategies both in vitro and in vivo. Herein, we highlight the applications ...
Moslehi Azam - - 2010
Noise is considered as one of the most severe sources of environmental and work place constraints. Noise effects on immune function, hormonal levels, cardiovascular and respiratory systems are well known. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of traffic noise on basal and stimulated gastric acid secretion. ...
Gerasimova Yulia V - - 2010
Deoxyribozymes are promising biotechnological tools. In a recent JACS article, Mokany et al. reported on the design of multi-component deoxyribozyme (MNAzyme) sensors based on 10-23 and 8-17 DNA enzymes. The sensors can detect down to 5 pM of a specific nucleic acid. The versatility of MNAzyme platform allows the design ...
Urbanova Marketa - - 2010
The discovery of circulating nucleic acids in the 1940s opened up new possibilities for the non-invasive detection, monitoring and screening of various human disorders. Several tumour markers that enable early cancer detection or tumour behaviour prediction have been detected in the plasma of cancer patients. Maternal plasma analysis can be ...
Chemla Yann R - - 2010
Nearly all aspects of nucleic acid metabolism involve motor proteins. This diverse group of enzymes, which includes DNA and RNA polymerases, the ribosome, helicases, and other translocases, converts chemical energy in the form of bond hydrolysis into concerted motion along nucleic acid filaments. The direct observation of this motion at ...
Krasnoperov Lev N - - 2010
Novel amino-reactive derivatives of lanthanide-based luminescent labels of enhanced brightness and metal retention were synthesized and used for the detection of cDNA oligonucleotides by molecular beacons. Time-resolved acquisition of the luminescent signal that occurs upon hybridization of the probe to the target enabled the avoidance of short-lived background fluorescence, markedly ...
Pinzani Pamela - - 2010
Circulating nucleic acids are present in the blood of humans and other vertebrates. During the last 10 years researchers actively studied cell-free nucleic acids present in plasma or serum with great expectations of their use as potential biomarkers for cancer and other pathologic conditions. In the present manuscript the main ...
Hatamoto Masashi - - 2010
Peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) are nucleic acid analogs having attractive properties such as quiet stability against nucleases and proteases, and they form strong complexes with complementary strands of DNA or RNA. Because of this attractive nature, PNA is often used in antisense technology to inhibit gene expression and microbial cell ...
Markey Amelia L - - 2010
The polymerase chain reaction has facilitated the ready analysis of nucleic acids. A next challenge requires the development of means to unravel the complexity of heterogeneous tissues. This has presented the task of producing massively parallelized quantitative nucleic acid data from the cellular constituents of tissues. The production of aqueous ...
Zhang Su - - 2010
This review examines acyclic nucleoside analogs as therapeutic agents, potential progenitor candidates to RNA, and novel building blocks for nucleic-acid nanotechnology. Together, these areas of research provide new insights into the structural and functional properties of nucleic acids and suggest new paradigms for nucleic acid self-assembly.
Gyimesi Máté - - 2010
Quantitative determination of enzymatic rates, processivity and mechanochemical coupling is a key aspect in characterizing nucleotide triphosphate (NTP)-driven nucleic acid motor enzymes, for both basic research and technological applications. Here, we present a streamlined analytical method suitable for the determination of all key functional parameters based on measurement of NTP ...
Mokany Elisa - - 2010
To increase the versatility and utility of nucleic acid enzymes, we developed multicomponent complexes, known as MNAzymes, which produce amplified "output" signals in response to specific "input" signals. Multiple oligonucleotide partzymes assemble into active MNAzymes only in the presence of an input assembly facilitator such as a target nucleic acid. ...
Manini Paola - - 2010
This study investigated nucleic acid oxidation associated with exposure to benzene at low levels in 239 workers recruited among traffic policemen, taxi drivers and gasoline pump attendants of the city of Parma (Italy). Biomarkers of exposure, namely urinary t,t-muconic acid (t,t-MA) and S-phenylmercapturic acid (S-PMA), urinary cotinine, and urinary biomarkers ...
Li Tao - - 2010
Nucleic acid electrophoresis separation heavily depends upon gel or nongel sieving matrix. Here we propose a metal ion mediated-capillary electrophoresis (MCE-CE) by utilizing the nonspecific interactions of Mg(2+) and Ca(2+) and demonstrate the size, conformation, or sequence based separation and characterization of versatile nucleic acid molecules in free solution. Mg(2+) ...
Seo Yeon-Jung - - 2010
SELEX (Systematic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential Enrichment) is a procedure by which a mixture of nucleic acids can be fractionated with the goal of identifying those with specific biochemical activities. One combines the mixture with a specific target molecule and then separates the target-NA complex from the resulting reactions. ...
Werk Denise - - 2010
This study describes the first application of unlocked nucleic acid (UNA)-modified small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) directed against a medically relevant target, the coxsackievirus B3. We systematically analyzed the impact of different siRNA modification patterns and observed good compatibility of the introduction of UNA with the maintenance of high antiviral activity. ...
Paris Clément - - 2010
Zip nucleic acids (ZNAs) are oligonucleotides conjugated with cationic spermine units that increase affinity for their target. ZNAs were recently shown to enable specific and sensitive reactions when used as primers for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and reverse-transcription. Here, we report their use as quantitative PCR hydrolysis probes. Ultraviolet duplex ...
Rao N Madhusudhana - - 2010
Realization of the potential of nucleic acids as drugs is intricately linked to their in vivo delivery. Cationic lipids demonstrated tremendous potential as safe, efficient and scalable in vitro carriers of nucleic acids. For in vivo delivery of nucleic acids, the extant two component liposomal preparations consisting of cationic lipids ...
Arian Dumitru - - 2010
Only two nucleic acid directed chemical reactions that are compatible with live cells have been reported to date. Neither of these processes generate toxic species from nontoxic starting materials. Reactions of the latter type could be applied as gene-specific drugs, for example, in the treatment of cancer. We report here ...
Tuteja Renu - - 2010
Malaria in human is caused by four Plasmodium species, with Plasmodium falciparum responsible for the most severe form of the disease. Global resistance to multiple antimalarial drugs is becoming a major challenge in worldwide efforts to control malaria. It is essential to identify new targets. One possible target is helicases, ...
Siqueira José F JF - - 2010
Application of nucleic acid technology to the analysis of the bacterial diversity in the oral cavity in conditions of health and disease has not only confirmed the findings from early culture studies but also significantly expanded the list of oral inhabitants and candidate pathogens associated with the major oral diseases. ...
Oberacher Herbert - - 2010
Nucleic acids research is a highly competitive field of research. A number of well established methods are available. The current output of high throughput ("next generation") sequencing technologies is impressive, and still technologies are continuing to make progress regarding read lengths, bp per second, accuracy and costs. Although in the ...
Abdelhaleem Mohamed - - 2010
Helicases are essential enzymes involved in all aspects of nucleic acid metabolism including DNA replication, repair, recombination, transcription, ribosome biogenesis and RNA processing, translation, and decay. They occur in vivo as part of molecular complexes that include the components required for each specific step of nucleic acid metabolism. The role ...
Kuznik A - - 2010
Microbial as well as endogenous nucleic acids are recognized by a group of endosomal Toll-like receptors TLR3, TLR7, TLR8 and TLR9. Recent discoveries significantly improved our understanding of molecular mechanism of their activation and their physiological role. Those include recognition of dsRNA through two nucleic acid binding sites of TLR3 ...
Barichello Jos? Mario - - 2010
In the last two decades, cationic liposomes have been investigated as vehicles for nucleic acids [plasmid DNA (pDNA) and small interfering RNA (siRNA)] delivery in vitro and in vivo. The formation of cationic liposomes-nucleic acids complexes, termed lipoplexes, depends on a number of experimental variables. The quality of the nucleic ...
Awua Adolf K - - 2010
The emergence of drug resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex has made the management of tuberculosis difficult. Also, Mycobacterium species has a peculiar cell wall, made of an impermeable complex structure rich in mycolate, making the lyses of its cell difficult. In order to apply a radio-labelled-probe based detection of ...
Herdewijn Piet - - 2010
Starting from pyranose nucleic acids, several series of modified nucleic acids with a six-membered carbohydrate moiety (mimic) have been synthesized and analyzed over a period of 20 years, and this work is summarized here. The process starts with structural and conformational considerations, followed by synthetic efforts and a structural analysis, ...
Wiessler Manfred - - 2010
Progress in genome research led to new perspectives in diagnostic applications and to new promising therapies. On account of their specificity and sensitivity, nucleic acids (DNA/RNA) increasingly are in the focus of the scientific interest. While nucleic acids were a target of therapeutic interventions up to now, they could serve ...
Maglia Giovanni - - 2010
We describe the methods used in our laboratory for the analysis of single nucleic acid molecules with protein nanopores. The technical section is preceded by a review of the variety of experiments that can be done with protein nanopores. The end goal of much of this work is single-molecule DNA ...
Anderson G - - 2010
Emergent seizures are common in Alzheimer's disease (AD), although the mechanisms mediating this are unknown. It is proposed that stress induced interleukin-18 (IL-18), via interferon-gamma (IFNy) and independently, increases indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and subsequent quinolinic acid (QA) in microglia. QA increases seizures and concurrently contributes to neuronal loss via excitotoxicity. ...
Egli Martin - - 2010
Chemically modified nucleic acids (CNAs) are widely explored as antisense oligonucleotide or small interfering RNA (siRNA) candidates for therapeutic applications. CNAs are also of interest in diagnostics, high-throughput genomics and target validation, nanotechnology and as model systems in investigations directed at a better understanding of the etiology of nucleic acid ...
Aminova Olga O Department of Chemistry and The Center for Excellence in Bioinformatics and Life Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, - - 2010
This method describes a microarray-based platform to perform nucleic acid selections. Chemical ligands to which a nucleic acid binder is desired are immobilized onto an agarose microarray surface; the array is then incubated with an RNA library. Bound RNA library members are harvested directly from the array surface via gel ...
Christie R James - - 2010
Nucleic acid-based therapies offer great potential for treatment of a variety of diseases including cancer by modulating protein expression with DNA or small interfering RNA. However, realization of their full therapeutic potential is currently limited due to an inability to reach the target site in an active form. Identification of ...
Hoffmann Markus H - - 2010
Autoimmunity to ubiquitously expressed macromolecular nucleic acid-protein complexes such as the nucleosome or the spliceosome is a characteristic feature of systemic autoimmune diseases. Disease-specificity and/or association with clinical features of some of these autoimmune responses suggest pathogenic involvement which, however, has been proven in only a few cases so far. ...
Deshpande Alina - - 2010
We have developed a rapid (under 4 hours), multiplex, nucleic acid assay, adapted to a microsphere array detection platform. We call this assay multiplex oligonucleotide ligation-PCR (MOL-PCR). Unlike other ligation-based assays that require multiple steps, our protocol consists of a single tube reaction, followed by hybridization to a Luminex microsphere ...
Deslee Gaetan - - 2010
Oxidative stress is widely proposed as a pathogenic mechanism for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but the molecular pathway connecting oxidative damage to tissue destruction remains to be fully defined. We suggest that reactive oxygen species (ROS) oxidatively damage nucleic acids, and this effect requires multiple repair mechanisms, particularly base ...
Malinovskii Vladimir L - - 2010
The rational formation of aromatic chromophore arrays is an intriguing challenge since ordered collectives of chromophores possess properties that are largely different from those of the individual molecules. Therefore, nucleic acids are increasingly used as scaffolds for the construction of multi-chromophore arrays. This tutorial review provides an introduction to the ...
Schütze Tatjana - - 2010
We have determined diversities exceeding 10(12) different sequences in an annealing and melting assay using synthetic randomized oligonucleotides as a standard. For such high diversities, the annealing kinetics differ from those observed for low diversities, favouring the remelting curve after annealing as the best indicator of complexity. Direct comparisons of ...
Tian Zhixin - - 2009
Hydrogen bonds are the dominant motif for organizing the three-dimensional structures of biomolecules such as carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and proteins, and serve as templates for proton transfer reactions. Computations, gas-phase acidity measurements, and pK(a) determinations in dimethyl sulfoxide on a series of polyols indicate that multiple hydrogen bonds to a ...
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