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Yeh Yi-Chun - - 2011
We tested whether cagL amino acid sequence polymorphisms of Helicobacter pylori correlated to clinico-histological outcomes and gastric α5β1 integrin expressions. One hundred forty five patients with H. pylori infection and 47 noninfected controls were enrolled to check gastric integrin α5β1 intensities topographically. The collected isolates were screened for cagL-genotype by ...
Pattanaik Seema - - 2011
The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of pre-luting surface treatments by 3 different etchant used at 3 different etching periods and their effect on shear bond strength of IPS Empress 2 luted to tooth by dual cure resin cement. Fifty samples of ceramic were divided into ...
Matsukawa Jun - - 2011
TAK-438 is a novel potassium-competitive acid blocker (P-CAB) type antisecretory agent that reversibly inhibits gastric H(+), K(+)-ATPase. Previously, we showed that TAK-438 has superior efficacy compared to lansoprazole, a proton pump inhibitor, in the inhibition of acid secretion in vivo. In this study, we investigated the differences in the mode ...
Iijima Katsunori - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The relative contribution of gastric acid secretion and Helicobacter pylori infection to low-dose aspirin-induced gastropathy remains to be clarified. This is partly because the capability of the infection to modify gastric acid secretion complicates the interaction. The aim of this study was to estimate the association of aspirin-induced mucosal ...
Nakano Motoko - - 2011
Gastric acid secretion during the daytime has been implicated in the pathogenesis of acid-related diseases. Although daytime acid secretion is mainly governed by the parasympathetic vagal nerve, clinical observations have been accumulated that the H(2)-receptor antagonist lafutidine may have a strong effect. Here, we examined the actions of H(2)-receptor antagonists ...
Adachi Mika - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Lysophosphatidic acid exerts important physiological effects on many types of animal cells through its specific binding to several G protein-coupled receptors. In particular, its potent wound-healing effect has attracted much attention. To determine whether lysophosphatidic acids in a foodstuff and Chinese medicine are effective in protecting against ...
Ghosh T - - 2011
Background  Gastric acid has an important pathophysiological role in human beings. Numerous methods have been evaluated over the years in an attempt to measure gastric acid and stomach acidity, to study the role of gastric acid in gastrointestinal diseases in humans and to evaluate the effects of acid suppressing drugs. ...
Zadeh Joseph N JN Department of Bioengineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, - - 2011
The Nucleic Acid Package (NUPACK) is a growing software suite for the analysis and design of nucleic acid systems. The NUPACK web server (http://www.nupack.org) currently enables: thermodynamic analysis of dilute solutions of interacting nucleic acid strands. sequence design for complexes of nucleic acid strands intended to adopt a target secondary ...
Deoda R S - - 2011
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of Rubia cordifolia (Rubiaceae) against experimentally induced gastric ulcer and compare activity with its fractions by employing aspirin plus pylorus-ligated ulcer screening model in Wistar rats. Total acidity, volume of gastric acid secretion, total acid output, and pepsin activity show significant ...
Colacci E - - 2011
Gastric exocrine secretion, both acid and non-acid, is required for micronutrients absorption, such as iron, calcium and vitamin B12, drugs absorption, protein digestion. Clinical presentation of a gastric secretion impairment might be then characterized by the presence of both gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal specific symptoms (i.e. anemia) or to a non-response ...
Vahedian Zakieh - - 2011
Sub chronic exposure to lead in rats slows gastric emptying, but little is known about the effects of lead on gastric secretion. This study was designed to investigate the effects of lead on gastric acid secretion and its possible mechanisms in rats. Lead acetate was dissolved in drinking water in ...
Abe Kazuhiro - - 2011
Acid-related gastric diseases are associated with disorder of digestive tract acidification. The gastric proton pump, H(+),K(+)-ATPase, exports H(+) in exchange for luminal K(+) to generate a highly acidic environment in the stomach, and is a main target for acid suppressants. Here, we report the three-dimensional structure of gastric H(+),K(+)-ATPase with ...
Edinger Daniel - - 2011
Polymers present an interesting option for the delivery of genes and other therapeutic nucleic acids. In the delivery process, the polymeric carriers face many different delivery tasks and different physiological microenvironments. Polymers can be designed to respond to microenvironmental differences with changes in their physio-chemical properties, enabling them to perform ...
Iwakiri Katsuhiko - - 2011
Background: A study in Japan has found that nizatidine (NIZ) is more effective than other histamine H2 receptor agonists (H2RAs) in treating reflux esophagitis (RE), although the NIZ group included a greater number of patients with severe RE. As there was no difference in the level of acid suppression among ...
Xu Long - - 2011
The ability to deliver nucleic acids (e.g., plasmid DNA, antisense oligonucleotides, siRNA) offers the potential to develop potent vaccines and novel therapeutics. However, nucleic acid-based therapeutics are still in their early stages as a new category of biologics. The efficacy of nucleic acids requires that these molecules be delivered to ...
Akram Madiha - - 2011
Hepatitis C virus roots a chronic liver disease. Currently approved treatment strategy includes administration of alpha interferon and ribavirin combined therapy for 24-48 weeks. One of the predictor of sustained virological response is an early virological response to treatment characterized as rapid response. Hyper variable region 1 (HVR1) of E2 ...
Poulin Jean-François - - 2011
The use of succinylated β-lactoglobulin as a novel functional tablet excipient for the protection of probiotic bacteria against the adverse gastric conditions and their delivery in the intestine was studied. Tablets were produced by direct compression of a dry mixture of Bifidobacterium longum HA-135 and the tested excipient. The results ...
Orlando Roy C - - 2010
Heartburn is the most common and characteristic symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease. It ultimately results from contact of refluxed gastric acid with nociceptors within the esophageal mucosa and transmission of this peripheral signal to the central nervous system for cognition. Healthy esophageal epithelium provides an effective barrier between refluxed gastric ...
Vanuytsel T - - 2011
Duodenal acid infusion induces gastric relaxation and sensitization to distension in healthy volunteers. The acid-sensitive mechanism is still unknown. We hypothesized that 5HT(3)-blockade can inhibit the acid-induced duodenogastric sensorimotor reflex in healthy volunteers. Fourteen healthy volunteers were included in a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled cross-over trial. An infusion tube with attached ...
Wilcox Charles Mel - - 2010
Abstract Objective. To evaluate the clinical characteristics, response to treatment and outcome of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES)-like gastric acid hypersecretors. Methods. Over a 20-year period, patients with gastric acid hypersecretion in the absence of ZES were enrolled in an open label prospective trial evaluating the efficacy of lansoprazole. Following baseline evaluations, ...
Østergaard Michael E - - 2010
Appropriately designed 2'-N-(pyren-1-yl)carbonyl-2'-amino-LNA (locked nucleic acid) display large increases in fluorescence intensity and remarkably high quantum yields upon hybridization with nucleic acid targets. Thermal denaturation and fluorescence spectroscopy studies on ONs modified with known thymine monomer X and novel 5-methylcytosine monomer Y provide new insights into the design principles and ...
Pedersen Erik B - - 2011
Two G-quadruplex forming sequences, 5'-TGGGAG and the 17-mer sequence T30177, which exhibit anti-HIV-1 activity on cell lines, were modified using either locked nucleic acids (LNA) or via insertions of (R)-1-O-(pyren-1-ylmethyl)glycerol (intercalating nucleic acid, INA) or (R)-1-O-[4-(1-pyrenylethynyl)phenylmethyl]glycerol (twisted intercalating nucleic acid, TINA). Incorporation of LNA or INA/TINA monomers provide as much ...
Seth Punit P PP Department of Medicinal - - 2010
As part of a program aimed at exploring the structure- activity relationships of 2',4'-bridged nucleic acid (BNA) containing antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs), we report the synthesis and biophysical and biological properties of R- and S-5'-Me LNA modified oligonucleotides. We show that introduction of a methyl group in the (S) configuration at ...
Pabit Suzette A - - 2010
The majority of charge-compensating ions around nucleic acids form a diffuse counterion "cloud" that is not amenable to investigation by traditional methods that rely on rigid structural interactions. Although various techniques have been employed to characterize the ion atmosphere around nucleic acids, only anomalous small-angle X-ray scattering (ASAXS) provides information ...
Fu C Y - - 2010
Although phytobezoars are a rare cause of gastrointestinal obstruction, they are most commonly found in patients with previous gastric surgery. It is well known that predisposing factors of phytobezoar formation are ingestion of fruits containing soluble tannin, presence of dilute hydrochloric acid in the stomach, and gastric stasis or delayed ...
Godet Julien - - 2010
The nucleocapsid protein NCp7 of HIV-1 possesses nucleic acid chaperone properties that are thought to be crucial throughout the viral life cycle. These properties promote the rearrangement of nucleic acids into their most thermodynamically stable conformations. These NCp7 properties involve two components, namely nucleic acid destabilization and activation of the ...
Gangaramani Divya R - - 2010
Poliovirus 3AB protein is the first picornavirus protein demonstrated to have nucleic acid chaperone activity. Further characterization of 3AB demonstrates that the C-terminal 22 amino acids (3B region (also referred to as VPg), amino acid 88-109) of the protein is required for chaperone activity, as mutations in this region abrogate ...
Rodrigues-Correia Alexandre - - 2011
Nucleobase-caged oligonucleotide residues have photolabile "caging groups" that prevent the formation of Watson-Crick base pairs until the unmodified nucleobase is restored in a photolysis event. This principle can be used to put a growing variety of powerful nucleic acid-based applications under the precise spatiotemporal control using light as an addressing ...
Østergaard Michael E - - 2010
Fluorophore-modified oligonucleotides have found widespread use in genomics and enable detection of single-nucleotide polymorphisms, real-time monitoring of PCR, and imaging of mRNA in living cells. Hybridization probes modified with polarity-sensitive fluorophores and molecular beacons (MBs) are among the most popular approaches to produce hybridization-induced increases in fluorescence intensity for nucleic ...
Hui L - - 2011
Research into cell-free fetal (cff) nucleic acids has primarily focused on maternal plasma; however, cff DNA and RNA are also detectable in other body fluids such as amniotic fluid (AF). In AF, cff DNA is present in much greater concentrations than in maternal plasma and represents a pure fetal sample ...
Simons Guus - - 2010
The conference Applications of Nucleic Acids Technologies in Molecular Diagnostics (part of TIDES) consisted of four sessions: Regulatory Pathways and Quality Strategies, Manufacturing and Business Considerations for Successful Launch in the Clinical Market, Analytical Methods and Validation, and New Technologies. The conference brought together approximately 100 representatives from academia, clinical ...
Calcaterra Nora B - - 2010
Cellular nucleic acid binding protein (CNBP) has been implicated in vertebrate craniofacial development and in myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) and sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM) human diseases. In these seemingly unrelated biological processes, CNBP appears to be involved in controlling cell death and proliferation rates. Low levels of CNBP ...
Zhu Lin L Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 19 South Manassas St, Cancer Research Building RM 226, Memphis, TN 38103, - - 2010
Nucleic acids such as plasmid DNA, antisense oligonucleotide, and RNA interference (RNAi) molecules, have a great potential to be used as therapeutics for the treatment of various genetic and acquired diseases. To design a successful nucleic acid delivery system, the pharmacological effect of nucleic acids, the physiological condition of the ...
Lv Cong - - 2010
A dumbbell molecular beacon (DMB) was designed and synthesized with the attachment of a fluorophore and a quencher at two ends. This DMB probe can be used to detect single mismatch of a 20mer oligodeoxynucleotide in two different buffers and discrimination factors were as high as 60 at 37°C. Statistics ...
Wang Tzu-Pin - - 2010
Chemical conjugations of nucleic acids with macromolecules or small molecules are common approaches to study nucleic acids in chemistry and biology and to exploit nucleic acids for medical applications. The conjugation of nucleic acids such as oligonucleotides with peptides is especially useful to circumvent cell delivery and specificity problems of ...
Braeckmans Kevin - - 2010
A great deal of attention in biopharmacy and pharmaceutical technology is going to the development of nanoscopic particles to efficiently deliver nucleic acids to target cells. Despite the great potential of nucleic acids for treatment of various diseases, progress in the field is fairly slow. One of the causes is ...
Hansen Pernille Lund - - 2011
Liposomal nucleic acid delivery is a preferred option for therapeutic settings. The cellular pattern recognition molecule DMBT1, secreted at high levels in various diseases, and synthetic mimics efficiently inhibit liposomal nucleic acid delivery to human cells. These findings may have relevance for therapeutic nucleic acid delivery strategies.
Kondratova Valentina N - - 2011
The technique of isotachophoresis is intended for separation of molecules having different electrophoretic mobilities in a nonhomogeneous electric field. Since the mobility of nucleic acids in water solutions is uniform and does not depend on their size (because of a uniform distribution of negatively charged phosphate groups along the molecule), ...
Zhang Su - - 2010
This unit describes a straightforward method for preparing glycerol nucleic acid (GNA) phosphoramidite monomers and oligonucleotide polymers using standard cyanoethyl phosphoramidite chemistry. GNA is an unnatural nucleic acid analog composed of an acyclic three-carbon sugar-phosphate backbone that contains one stereogenic center per repeating unit. GNA has attracted significant attention as ...
Sousa Angela - - 2010
The development of a strategy to plasmid DNA (pDNA) purification has become necessary for the development of gene therapy and DNA vaccine production processes in recent years, since this nucleic acid and most of contaminants, such as RNA, genomic DNA and endotoxins, are negatively charged. An ideal separation methodology may ...
Kuwahara Masayasu - - 2010
Nucleic acids are attractive materials for creating functional molecules that have applications as catalysts, specific binders, and molecular switches. Nucleic acids having such functions can be obtained by random screening, typically using in vitro selection methods. These methods have helped explore the potential abilities of nucleic acids and steadily contributed ...
Andre Franck M - - 2010
Nucleic acids transfer has been steadily improving over the years and is slowly starting to fulfill its long awaited promises. In the beginning, viral approaches raised strong safety concerns that are now answered by various non-viral techniques. Among the physical approaches developed, nucleic acids electrotransfer is probably the one with ...
Chen Dafeng - - 2010
A self-contained, integrated, disposable, sample-to-answer, polycarbonate microfluidic cassette for nucleic acid-based detection of pathogens at the point of care was designed, constructed, and tested. The cassette comprises on-chip sample lysis, nucleic acid isolation, enzymatic amplification (polymerase chain reaction and, when needed, reverse transcription), amplicon labeling, and detection. On-chip pouches and ...
Zhou Jing - - 2010
Nucleic acid aptamers are an emerging class of synthetic ligands and have recently attracted significant attention in numerous fields. One is in biosensor development. In principle, nucleic acid aptamers can be discovered to recognize any molecule of interest with high affinity and specificity. In addition, unlike most ligands evolved in ...
Bin Xiaomin - - 2010
The detection of biologically important molecules such as proteins and nucleic acids is of high and growing interest in the diagnosis of diseases from cancer to infectious and cardiovascular disease. The use of nanostructures to enhance sensitivity in biomolecular detection has now been reported in a broad range of assays. ...
Kim Jitae - - 2010
Recently, there has been a growing interest in point-of-care devices capable of detecting nucleic acids (NA) in clinical and environmental samples. Nucleic acid detection requires, however, various sample preparation steps that complicate device operation. An attractive remedy is to integrate many, if not all, sample preparation operations and nucleic acid ...
Soliman Mahmoud - - 2010
The use of nucleic acids as therapeutics offers many potential benefits for treating disease. However, for these delicate yet potent biomolecules to be practical in the clinic, carrier vehicles are needed not only to protect the nucleic acids during transport in the body, but also release the biopolymers at the ...
Keefe Anthony D - - 2010
Nucleic acid aptamers can be selected from pools of random-sequence oligonucleotides to bind a wide range of biomedically relevant proteins with affinities and specificities that are comparable to antibodies. Aptamers exhibit significant advantages relative to protein therapeutics in terms of size, synthetic accessibility and modification by medicinal chemistry. Despite these ...
Popova M - - 2010
We report an improved method for total nucleic acids extraction from rumen content samples. The method employs bead beating, and phenol-chloroform extraction followed by saline-alcohol precipitation. Total nucleic acids and RNA yield and purity were assessed by spectrophotometric measurements; RNA integrity was estimated using Agilent RNA 6000 Nano Kit on ...
O'Connor Louise - - 2010
Since the early 1970s, the use of nucleic acid sequences for specific diagnostic applications has followed a somewhat linear pattern of development. Early methods for restriction enzyme digestion, as well as reverse transcription, were followed in the late 1970s by Southern, northern and dot blotting, as well as DNA sequencing. ...
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