Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1653
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Li W E - - 2000
The effects of hypoxia and phosphatase inhibitors on connexin43 (Cx43) phosphorylation state, gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) and immunolabelling with anti-Cx43 antibodies were investigated in cultured astrocytes. Astrocytes contained predominantly phosphorylated forms of Cx43 and these underwent dephosphorylation 30 min after hypoxia. This was preceded by a 77% reduction in ...
Blair H C - - 2000
Osteoclasts are macrophage-derived polykaryons that degrade bone in an acidic extracellular space. This differentiation includes expression of proteinases and acid transport proteins, cell fusion, and bone attachment, but the sequence of events is unclear. We studied two proteins expressed at high levels only in the osteoclast, cathepsin K, a thiol ...
Chen X J - - 2000
The nuclear gene encoding the Sit4 protein phosphatase was identified in the budding yeast Kluyveromyces lactis. K. lactis cells carrying a disrupted sit4 allele are resistant to oligomycin, antimycin, ketoconazole, and econazole but hypersensitive to paromomycin, sorbic acid, and 4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide (4-NQO). Overexpression of SIT4 leads to an elevation in resistance ...
Bartlett S E - - 2000
Mutations in the copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene are associated with 15-20% of the familial forms of motor neuron disease. Mice where a transgene has been incorporated that encodes for the human SOD1 mutation develop a form of motor neurone disease that closely resembles human forms of this disease. We ...
Pyne G J - - 2000
The cellular events leading to cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid haemorrhage are poorly understood, although an increase in smooth muscle myosin light chain phosphorylation has been observed. This study set out to determine if phosphatase inhibition may be involved in the pathological maintenance of tension observed during vasospasm. We found that ...
Aguirre-García M M - - 2000
Entamoeba histolytica contains and secretes acid phosphatase, which has been proposed as a virulence factor in some pathogenic microorganisms. In this work, we purified and characterised a membrane-bound acid phosphatase (MAP) from E. histolytica HM-1:IMSS and studied the effect of different chemical compounds on the secreted acid phosphatase and MAP ...
Tabuchi N - - 2000
Lysosomal membrane glycoprotein termed LGP85 or LIMP II has a COOH-terminal cytoplasmic tail whose amino acid sequence is R(459)GQGSMDEGTADERAPLIRT(478). Two acidic amino acid residues, D(470) and E(471), in the cytoplasmic tail of LGP85 are crucial for its binding to adaptor-like complex AP-3. In the present study we investigated their role(s) ...
Serres M H - - 2000
An ultrasensitive assay is described for microcystin-LR and other substances (microcystins, nodularin, okadaic acid, calyculin A, tautomycin) which block the active site of protein phosphatases (PP) 1 and 2A. The assay is based on competition between the unknown sample and [125I]microcystin-YR for binding to the catalytic subunit of PP2A. The ...
Tachibana H - - 2000
When some human plasma cell lines are cultured with concanavalin A, the original light chain is replaced with another light chain which results from secondary VJ recombination (light chain shifting). We examined various intracellular factors involved in the induction of light chain shifting. Light chain shifting can be induced upon ...
Alvi K A - - 2000
Two inhibitors of CD45 tyrosine phosphatase, dihydrocarolic acid (1) and penitricin D (2), were isolated from a fermentation broth of the fungus Aspergillus niger and purified by HSCCC (high speed countercurrent chromatography) followed by HPLC. The structures were determined by NMR. The inhibitory activities of both compounds were specific to ...
Komori M - - 2000
Hansenula polymorpha Pex14p is a novel peroxisomal membrane protein essential for peroxisome biogenesis. In vivo labeling experiment of wild-type cells with 32P-orthophosphate and alkaline phosphatase treatment of labeled Pex14p indicate that Pex14p is phosphorylated in vivo. Analysis of the phosphoamino acid in the phosphorylated Pex14p suggested that the major phosphoamino ...
Ferreira C V - - 2000
The four soybean seed acid phosphatase isoforms AP1, AP2, AP3A and AP3B were competitively inhibited by phosphate, vanadate, fluoride and molybdate, using p-nitrophenylphosphate as substrate. The four isoforms were not significantly affected by compounds that can interact with SH residues or by pyridoxal phosphate. These results indicated that cysteine and ...
Dasgupta P - - 2000
The therapeutic potential of the somatostatin analogue RC-160 having antiproliferative activity, is limited by its short serum half life. To overcome this limitation, fatty acids namely butanoic acid and myristic acid were conjugated to the N-terminal residue of RC-160. The lipophilized derivatives of RC-160 were synthesized, purified by reverse phase ...
Inoue M - - 1999
Using the acidotrophic amine 3-(2,4-dinitroanillino)-3'-amino-N-methyldipropylamine (DAMP) as a marker for low pH and immunofluorescence cytochemistry, we examined acidic compartments of osteoclasts cultured on cover glasses or bone slices, where they could resorb the bone surface, forming resorptive lacunae. DAMP-positive structures were seen as vesicular and tubular forms in the cytoplasm, ...
Huang Y H - - 1999
Cured sweetpotato roots were stored at different temperatures (4.5, 15.6, and 24 degrees C) for 7 weeks and assayed for invertase activities and reducing sugar levels during two separate years. Invertase activities and reducing sugar concentration significantly increased in the roots kept at low temperature. Of the three types of ...
Mathur A K - - 1999
The effect of the topical applications of linear alkylbenzene sulphonate (LAS), or chromium (Cr) + nickel (Ni), or the combination of LAS + Cr + Ni for 30 d were investigated. Increased activities of aspartate amino transferase, alanine amino transferase, acid phosphatase and gamma glutamyl transpeptidase and decreased activity of ...
Baudouin E - - 1999
When mechanically injured, plants develop multiple defense systems including the activation of specific genes. These responses are triggered by a complex network of signalling events that include Ca2+ fluxes, the production of free fatty acids from membrane lipids, as well as the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK). In the ...
Hiroyama M - - 1999
In this study, we isolated cDNA encoding lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) phosphatase (LPAP). The amino acid sequence deduced from the cDNA encoding LPAP had 421 residues including a putative signal peptide and was homologous to acid phosphatase, especially at the active site. Human LPAP had 28.5% amino acid identity to human ...
Saroop S - - 1999
Changes in acid and alkaline phosphatase activities in cytoplasmic and wall-bound fractions of developing mustard (Brassica juncea) seed were studied. Growth was measured by seed dry weight and water content. Seed dry weight data were fitted to a cubic polynomial equation. Seed water content and dry matter accumulation was significantly ...
Durmus A - - 1999
The sequence of cDNA fragments of two isozymes of the purple acid phosphatase from sweet potato (spPAP1 and spPAP2) has been determined by 5' and 3' rapid amplification of cDNA ends protocols using oligonucleotide primers based on amino acid information. The encoded amino acid sequences of these two isozymes show ...
del Pozo J C - - 1999
Low phosphorous availability, a common condition of many soils, is known to stimulate phosphatase activity in plants; however, the molecular details of this response remain mostly unknown. We purified and sequenced the N-terminal region of a phosphate starvation induced acid phosphatase (AtACP5) from Arabidopsis thaliana, and cloned its cDNA and ...
Dounay AB - - 1999
A small change to the structure of okadaic acid (1), the omission of the single hydroxy group at C7, facilitated substantially the first total synthesis of the derivative 7-deoxyokadaic acid (2). The conformation of 2 is in agreement with that of 1 and this minimal structural variation has been reported ...
Ritz V - - 1999
Okadaic acid as well as other, structurally different, inhibitors of serine/threonine phosphatases 1 and 2A induce apoptosis in pituitary GH3 cells. Incubation with stepwise raised concentrations of okadaic acid resulted in the isolation of cells that were increasingly less sensitive to the cytotoxic effect of this agent. After about 18 ...
Caron A - - 1999
Cytoplasmic body myopathy (CBM) and desmin-related myopathy (DRM) are both characterized by an abnormal accumulation of desmin. To determine whether these abnormalities involve similar or different forms of desmin, we performed desmin two-dimensional electrophoresis: our results showed an increase in the two acidic isoforms in CBM muscles as compared with ...
Sharma B - - 1999
Carbaryl, a carbamate pesticide, (LC50 15.08 mg/l for 96 hr, i.e. lethal concentration with 50% mortality) induced perturbations in the levels of certain biochemical components including the activities of some enzymes in the blood and liver of the fresh-water catfish, Clarias batrachus exposed to sublethal concentrations (1, 2 and 4 ...
Holland N - - 1999
Fruits of cv. Fortune mandarin were periodically harvested throughout the ripening period to evaluate changes in carbohydrate content and metabolism in flavedo tissue and to determine the potential role of carbohydrates in the tolerance of citrus fruit to chilling injury (CI). Sucrose showed little change in the flavedo during the ...
Sieder S - - 1999
LoVo adenocarcinoma cells are fairly sensitive to cytostatic drugs, e.g. doxorubicin, but can develop drug resistance by expression of a P-glycoprotein-mediated MDR1 phenotype. LoVo cells respond with apoptosis to nanomolar concentrations of okadaic acid and micromolar concentrations of cantharidic acid. Interestingly, LoVoDx cells which had become about 10-fold less sensitive ...
Moon Y G - - 1999
Enzymatic conversion of brain glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked alkaline phosphatase (GPI-AP), amphiphilic, was examined. When GPI-AP was incubated with glycosylphosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase D (GPI-PLD), a negligible conversion of GPI-AP to hydrophilic form was observed. The inclusion of monoacylglycerols enhanced the enzymatic conversion, although the action of monoacylglycerols differed greatly according to the size of ...
Quilliam M A - - 1999
The 1997-1998 period brought many new developments to the phycotoxin field. There were several reviews on phycotoxins in general, on their toxicological evaluation, and on their analysis. The ecophysiology, biosynthesis, and metabolism of polyether toxins and paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxins were also reviewed. The proceedings of the Eighth International ...
Babu E - - 1999
Cisplatin caused differential toxic effects on blood glucose and plasma urea, uric acid and creatinine levels. Cisplatin also showed an inhibitory effect on kidney marker enzymes like alkaline phosphatase, acid phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase. However, administration of glutathione ester modulates the toxic side effect of cisplatin observed in ...
Irie M - - 1999
It is surprising that only relatively recently has attention been directed to the characterization of the properties of acid ribonucleases (RNases), leading to some understanding of their biochemistry and their functional roles. The present review summarizes current progress in this field under the following general topics: (1) the wide distribution ...
Ambühl P M - - 1999
In the absence of exogenous glucocorticoids, decreasing media pH (from 7.4 to 6.8) for 24 hours increased the Na+/H+ exchanger 3 (NHE3) activity in opossum kidney (OKP) cells. 10(-7) M and 10(-8) M hydrocortisone increased NHE3 activity, and in their presence, acid incubation further increased NHE3 activity. Hydrocortisone (10(-9) M) ...
Florin-Christensen J - - 1999
The purification and characterization of a novel phosphodiesterase (PDE) is presented. The activity was detected in the extracellular medium of Tetrahymena thermophila cultures, by the release of p-nitrophenol from p-nitrophenylphosphocholine (PNPPC) with an acidic pH optimum. In cell homogenates, it is sedimentable, shows a latency similar to that of acid ...
Kennedy M E - - 1999
GIRK1 and GIRK4 subunits combine to form the heterotetrameric acetylcholine-activated potassium current (IKACh) channel in pacemaker cells of the heart. The channel is activated by direct binding of G-protein Gbetagamma subunits. The GIRK1 subunit is atypical in the GIRK family in having a unique ( approximately 125-amino acid) domain in ...
Issa A M - - 1999
The mechanisms regulating the compartmentation of acetylcholine (ACh) and the relationship between transmitter release and ACh stores are not fully understood. In the present experiments, we investigated whether the inhibitors of serine/threonine phosphatases 1 and 2A, calyculin A and okadaic acid, alter subcellular distribution and the release of ACh in ...
Roach H I - - 1999
The activities of acid and alkaline phosphatases were localized by enzyme histochemistry in the chondroepiphyses of 5 week old rabbits. Using paraformaldehyde-lysine-periodate as fixative, the activity of acid phosphatase was particularly well preserved and could be demonstrated not only in osteoclasts, but also in chondrocytes as well as in the ...
Rodriguez P H - - 1998
Genetic mechanisms of filarial nematode susceptibility were studied in Aedes togoi. Acid hydrolases may play an important role in this process, including humoral or cell-mediated defenses. Levels of acid phosphatase, alpha-glucosidase, beta-glucuronidase, and N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase were determined for 1st- and 4th-instar larvae, male and female pupae, and 1- and 7-day-old adults ...
Kim I T - - 1998
The distribution and shape of melanosomes of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), and acid phosphatase activity in melanosomes were studied in rabbits. The rabbit eyes were observed using electron microscopy and enzyme cytochemical electron microscopy. The majority of melanosomes were located near the apical region of the RPE. Melanosomes in ...
Schadeck R J - - 1998
Colletotrichum graminicola, a pathogen of sorghum and corn, was investigated prior and during germination as to certain aspects of acid phosphatase activity and lipid mobilization. Ungerminated conidia cytoplasm was filled with lipid deposits, which were mobilized during the germination process. Cytochemical ultrastructural examination showed that conidia vacuoles exhibit acid phosphatase ...
LaCount M W - - 1998
Acid phosphatase activity in the blood serum is usually separated into tartrate-resistant and tartrate-refractory, which is reported as the prostatic acid phosphatase level. Human prostatic acid phosphatase crystals soaked in N-propyl-L-tartramate were used to collect x-ray diffraction data to 2.9 A resolution under cryogenic conditions. Positive difference electron density, corresponding ...
Mukhopadhyay S S Department of Biomedical Sciences, Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine, North Grafton, Massachusetts 01536, - - 1998
Cyclic AMP has been proposed to stimulate Na+/taurocholate (TC) cotransport in hepatocytes by translocating Na+/TC cotransport polypeptide (Ntcp) to the plasma membrane and to induce Ntcp dephosphorylation. Whether protein phosphatases 1 and 2A (PP1/2A) are involved in the regulation of Na+/TC cotransport by cAMP was investigated in the present study. ...
Broulik P D - - 1998
Parathormone has been shown to increase the secretion and production of lysosomal enzymes including tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase. All our 68 patients with proven primary hyperparathyroidism had signs of hyperparathyroid bone disease. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and bone alkaline phosphatase activities are raised as a result of enhanced bone remodelling. Serum beta ...
Trull M C - - 1998
Plant response to phosphorus starvation includes the increased production and secretion of acid phosphatase. We have isolated a mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh., phosphatase-underproducer 1 (pup1), that has reduced histochemical staining for acid phosphatase activity in roots of plants grown under phosphorus-starvation conditions. Although pup1 is defective in the ...
Nakazato H - - 1998
We recently presented clear evidence that the major low-phosphate-inducible phosphatase of the duckweed Spirodela oligorrhiza is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored protein, and, to our knowledge, is the first described from higher plants (N. Morita, H. Nakazato, H. Okuyama, Y. Kim, G.A. Thompson, Jr. [1996] Biochim Biophys Acta 1290: 53-62). In this ...
Wyss M - - 1998
Enzymes that are used as animal feed supplements should be able to withstand temperatures of 60 to 90 degrees C, which may be reached during the feed pelleting process. The thermostability properties of three histidine acid phosphatases, Aspergillus fumigatus phytase, Aspergillus niger phytase, and A. niger optimum pH 2.5 acid ...
Klumpp S - - 1998
Type 2C serine/threonine protein phosphatases (PP2C) so far require unphysiologically large amounts of Mg2+ ions for activity. Activators and inhibitors are not available, targeting subunits unknown. Studying the regulation of PP2C isozymes in bovine retinae, we found that the activity of PP2C increased specifically by the addition of mono- and ...
Morisawa Y - - 1998
In a male infant who had cardiomyopathy, generalized muscle weakness and increased serum creatine kinase levels, his muscle biopsy revealed myopathic changes with tiny intracytoplasmic vacuoles containing PAS-positive material and high acid phosphatase activity, but had normal acid maltase activity biochemically. These findings were consistent with those seen in lysosomal ...
Okamoto Y - - 1998
Alveolar and peritoneal macrophages (MPs) of mouse, dog and cat were compared in relation to their scanning electron microscopic features and the lysosomal activities of nonspecific esterase, acid phosphatase, and beta-glucuronidase. The long spindle shape of peritoneal MPs differed from the spherical form of alveolar MPs in all species. There ...
Yuan Q X - - 1998
Drug-primed mice form Mallory bodies in their liver after various types of liver injury such as heat shock, drug refeeding, or ethanol ingestion. However, the mechanisms involved that lead to Mallory body formation after these different treatments are unknown. There may be a common pathway of Mallory body formation that ...
Zecca L - - 1998
Brush border lactase-phlorizin hydrolase carries two catalytic sites. In the human enzyme lactase comprises Glu-1749, phlorizin hydrolase Glu-1273. The proteolytic processing of pro-lactase-phlorizin hydrolase by (rat) enterocytes stops two amino acid residues short of the N-terminus of 'mature' final, brush border lactase-phlorizin hydrolase. Only these two amino acid residues are ...
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