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Results 351 - 400 of 1631
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Centeno C - - 2001
Two assays were conducted to study the evolution of rye and barley phosphatases (phytase and acid phosphatase) and the degradation of its substrates (inositol phosphate esters) during seed germination. In this manner we could obtain a low-phytate, endogenous phosphatase rich ingredient to be used in animal nutrition. In the first ...
Stewart B R - - 2001
There is great interest in returning coal combustion products to mining sites for beneficial reuse as liming agents. A column study examined the effects of blending two coal fly ashes with an acid-forming coal refuse (4% pyritic S). Both fly ashes were net alkaline, but had relatively low neutralizing capacities. ...
Mistry S J - - 2001
Stathmin is a microtubule-destabilizing phosphoprotein that plays a critical role in the regulation of mitosis. The microtubule-depolymerizing activity of stathmin is lost upon phosphorylation in mitosis. Although the role of phosphorylation of stathmin by p34(cdc2) kinase in the assembly of the mitotic spindle is well established, the role of dephosphorylation ...
Igarashi Y - - 2001
The objective of the present study was to develop a specific method for the separation of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) derived exclusively from osteoclasts. Heparin column-bound TRAP in human serum was separated into three peaks of TRAP activity when eluted with a linear gradient of sodium chloride. The last peak ...
Park H - - 2001
A previously undescribed cyclic heptapeptide hepatotoxin was isolated from a cyanobacteria waterbloom collected in Pakowki Lake, Alberta, Canada (49 degrees 20'N and 110 degrees 55'W). The compound was characterized by amino acid analysis, ESIMS/CID/MS, (1)H and (13)C NMR, and UV spectroscopy. Structure of the new microcystin was assigned as [D-Leu(1)]microcystin-LR ...
Leira F - - 2001
We have studied different biochemical indicators of apoptosis in okadaic acid-treated normal human lung fibroblasts (NHLF). Apoptosis was identified by fluorimetric microplate measurements of DNA content, caspase-3 activation and changes in mitochondrial and plasma membrane after 1-48-h treatments with 1-1000 nM okadaic acid. Cells exposed to okadaic acid showed activation ...
Souto M L - - 2001
Okadaic acid (OA) (1)) was the first example of a group of polyether toxins known to be produced by marine microalgae, which are responsible for the natural phenomena known as Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP) red tides. It is also a highly selective inhibitor of protein phosphatases type 1 (PP1) and ...
Moreno F J - - 2001
The heterogeneity of caprine caseinmacropeptide (CMP) was determined by means of treatments with neuraminidase and acid phosphatase and analyses by anion exchange FPLC and reversed-phase (RP)-HPLC, with on-line and off-line electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The main CMP components were two non-glycosylated and di-phosphorylated forms, as well as two other mono-phosphorylated ...
Frydrychowski V A - - 2001
Okadaic acid is a potent inhibitor of select serine/threonine protein phosphatases. The importance of the C28-C38 hydrophobic domain of okadaic acid for inhibition of PP1 and PP2A was investigated. The hydrophobic domain is required but not sufficient for potent inhibition, and it also contributes to differential inhibition between PP1 and ...
Wiley J P - - 2001
Phenylboronic acid bioconjugates prepared from alkaline phosphatase by reaction with either 2,5-dioxopyrrolidinyl 3-[N-[3-(1,3,2-dioxaboran-2-yl)phenyl]carbamoyl]propanoate (PBA-XX-NHS) or 2,5-dioxopyrrolidinyl 6-[[3,5-di-(1,3,2-dioxaboran-2-yl)phenyl]carbonylamino]hexanoate (PDBA-X-NHS) were compared with respect to the efficiency with which they were immobilized on salicylhydroxamic acid-modified Sepharose (SHA-X-Sepharose) by boronic acid complex formation. When immobilized on moderate capacity SHA-X-Sepharose (5.4 micromol of SHA/mL ...
Bem S - - 2001
The solution structure and thermal stability of human prostatic acid phosphatase (hPAP) in the absence and in the presence of tartaric acid were studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The temperature dependence of the infrared spectrum and DSC scans indicate that hPAP undergoes thermal ...
Aragon V - - 2001
Legionella pneumophila is an intracellular pathogen of protozoa and alveolar macrophages. This bacterium contains a gene (pilD) that is involved in both type IV pilus biogenesis and type II protein secretion. We previously demonstrated that the PilD prepilin peptidase is crucial for intracellular infection by L. pneumophila and that the ...
Pan H J - - 2000
In order to understand virulence factors of Chryseobacterium indologenes isolates associated with invasive infection, enzymatic activities and cellular fatty acid profiles of 42 isolates recovered at National Taiwan University Hospital from January 1994 to December 1996 were studied. Among them, 12 blood isolates were considered as invasive and 30 (recovered ...
Saleh M T - - 2000
Mycobacterium tuberculosis secretes a large number of polypeptides with broad biological and immunological functions. We describe here the characterization of a 28-kDa acid phosphatase of M. tuberculosis (SapM) localized to the culture filtrate. The mature protein demonstrated biochemical characteristics similar to those of the bacterial nonspecific acid phosphatases. However, SapM ...
Edqvist J - - 2000
In Euphorbia lagascae the major fatty acid in triacylglycerol is the epoxidated fatty acid vernolic acid (cis-12-epoxyoctadeca-cis-9-enoic acid). The enzymic reactions occurring during the catabolism of epoxidated fatty acids during germination are not known, but it seems likely that the degradation requires the activity of an epoxide hydrolase. Epoxide hydrolases ...
Aleksieva P - - 2000
The feasibility of using proteinase producing fungus Humicola lutea 120-5 as a source of extracellular acid phosphatase was investigated. To enhance the acid phosphatase yield and significantly reduce the proteolytic activity the composition of casein-glucose medium containing inorganic phosphate (Pi) was modified. The regulation of phosphatase formation was controlled by ...
Bedet C - - 2000
gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glycine are stored into synaptic vesicles by a recently identified vesicular inhibitory amino acid transporter [VIAAT, also called vesicular GABA transporter (VGAT)]. Immunoblotting analysis revealed that rat brain VIAAT migrated as a doublet during sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, with a predominant slower band in all ...
Fernandes A P - - 2000
Beside the morphofunctional modifications undergone during spermiogenesis, the spermatozoon could undergo other modifications after copulation. Since no structural modification occurs in the spermatozoon of Acrosternum aseadum after copulation, we used cytochemical studies to show the enzymatic activities variations of acid phosphatase, thiamine pyrophosphatase, glucose-6-phosphatase and cytochrome C oxidase, when the ...
Hamilton A - - 2000
Acid phosphatases hydrolyse phosphomonoesters at acidic pH in a variety of physiological contexts. The recently defined class C family of acid phosphatases includes the 32 kDa LppC lipoprotein of Streptococcus equisimilis. To define further the distribution of acid phosphatases in the genus Streptococcus we have examined the equine pathogens Streptococcus ...
Kalamidas S A - - 2000
Glycogen autophagy in newborn rat hepatocytes was studied by using enzyme determinations and electron microscopy. Cyclic AMP induced glycogen autophagy in these cells. Glycogen-hydrolyzing acid glucosidase activity increased whereas acid mannose 6-phosphatase activity decreased in the liver of these animals. Parenteral glucose, which prevents postnatal glucagon secretion and tissue cyclic ...
Zippel H P - - 2000
Goldfish are ideal vertebrates for the study of regeneration within the peripheral and the central olfactory system. The present behavioural investigations studied the effects of bilateral lesions on the animals' ability to qualitatively discriminate two amino acids (10(-6) M) and their performance in two more difficult tasks: (i) rewarded amino ...
Kim J Y - - 2000
The expression of invertases was analyzed in vegetative organs of well-watered and water-stressed maize (Zea mays) plants. Early changes in sucrose metabolism and in acid soluble invertase expression were observed in vegetative sink and source organs under mild water stress. The organ-specific induction of acid invertase activity was correlated with ...
Tsekova K - - 2000
Copper accumulation and phosphatase activities of three Aspergillus species resistant to copper were compared to three copper-sensitive Rhizopus species. High level of acid phosphatases and decreased Cu2+-uptake were found with resistant in contrast to sensitive strains. The presence of copper(II) ions in the medium increased the production of acid phosphatases ...
Uma B - - 2000
The basic phospholipase A(2) (VRV-PL-VIIIa) from Vipera russelli venom induces multiple toxic effects including neurotoxicity, myotoxicity, edema and hemorrhage. This phospholipase A(2) has been extensively characterized for its pharmacological properties except for hemorrhagic activity. In the present investigation, the lung hemorrhagic activity was assayed using lung dye diffusion method. The ...
Kato T - - 2000
A new analytical method for the detection of bile acids has been developed by adopting an alkaline phosphatase-linked DNA oligomer that binds to bile acids. A 5'-biotin-labeled DNA oligomer with a 40-nucleotide length that is defined by the in vitro selection method was connected with alkaline phosphatase through an avidin-biotin ...
Yang X - - 2000
Incubation of opossum kidney clone P (OKP) cells in acid media (pH 6. 8) causes activation of Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 3 (NHE3) at 6, 12, and 24 h. OKP cell NHE3 protein abundance was increased by 45% at 24 h of acid incubation but was unaffected at 3-12 h. By contrast, ...
Ten-Hage L - - 2000
Okadaic acid was isolated from a strain of Prorocentrum arenarium Faust (Prorocentrales, Dinophyceae) collected from Europa Island (40 degrees 22'E, 22 degrees 20'S, SW Indian Ocean). The presence of okadaic acid in the algal extract was suspected after cytotoxicity and phosphatase 2A inhibition testing. It was confirmed by ADAM derivatization, ...
Mehvar R - - 2000
A macromolecular prodrug of methylprednisolone (MP) was synthesized by conjugating MP with dextran with a M(W) of 70000 through a succinic acid linker. It has been shown previously that the dextran-MP conjugate (DMP) releases MP directly or indirectly through formation of methylprednisolone succinate (MPS) which is further hydrolyzed to MP. ...
Mandala S M - - 2000
Sphingosine and sphingosine-1-phosphate (SPP) are interconvertible sphingolipid metabolites with opposing effects on cell growth and apoptosis. Based on sequence homology with LBP1, a lipid phosphohydrolase that regulates the levels of phosphorylated sphingoid bases in yeast, we report here the cloning, identification, and characterization of a mammalian SPP phosphatase (mSPP1). This ...
Li W E - - 2000
The effects of hypoxia and phosphatase inhibitors on connexin43 (Cx43) phosphorylation state, gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) and immunolabelling with anti-Cx43 antibodies were investigated in cultured astrocytes. Astrocytes contained predominantly phosphorylated forms of Cx43 and these underwent dephosphorylation 30 min after hypoxia. This was preceded by a 77% reduction in ...
Blair H C - - 2000
Osteoclasts are macrophage-derived polykaryons that degrade bone in an acidic extracellular space. This differentiation includes expression of proteinases and acid transport proteins, cell fusion, and bone attachment, but the sequence of events is unclear. We studied two proteins expressed at high levels only in the osteoclast, cathepsin K, a thiol ...
Chen X J - - 2000
The nuclear gene encoding the Sit4 protein phosphatase was identified in the budding yeast Kluyveromyces lactis. K. lactis cells carrying a disrupted sit4 allele are resistant to oligomycin, antimycin, ketoconazole, and econazole but hypersensitive to paromomycin, sorbic acid, and 4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide (4-NQO). Overexpression of SIT4 leads to an elevation in resistance ...
Bartlett S E - - 2000
Mutations in the copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene are associated with 15-20% of the familial forms of motor neuron disease. Mice where a transgene has been incorporated that encodes for the human SOD1 mutation develop a form of motor neurone disease that closely resembles human forms of this disease. We ...
Pyne G J - - 2000
The cellular events leading to cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid haemorrhage are poorly understood, although an increase in smooth muscle myosin light chain phosphorylation has been observed. This study set out to determine if phosphatase inhibition may be involved in the pathological maintenance of tension observed during vasospasm. We found that ...
Aguirre-García M M - - 2000
Entamoeba histolytica contains and secretes acid phosphatase, which has been proposed as a virulence factor in some pathogenic microorganisms. In this work, we purified and characterised a membrane-bound acid phosphatase (MAP) from E. histolytica HM-1:IMSS and studied the effect of different chemical compounds on the secreted acid phosphatase and MAP ...
Tabuchi N - - 2000
Lysosomal membrane glycoprotein termed LGP85 or LIMP II has a COOH-terminal cytoplasmic tail whose amino acid sequence is R(459)GQGSMDEGTADERAPLIRT(478). Two acidic amino acid residues, D(470) and E(471), in the cytoplasmic tail of LGP85 are crucial for its binding to adaptor-like complex AP-3. In the present study we investigated their role(s) ...
Serres M H - - 2000
An ultrasensitive assay is described for microcystin-LR and other substances (microcystins, nodularin, okadaic acid, calyculin A, tautomycin) which block the active site of protein phosphatases (PP) 1 and 2A. The assay is based on competition between the unknown sample and [125I]microcystin-YR for binding to the catalytic subunit of PP2A. The ...
Tachibana H - - 2000
When some human plasma cell lines are cultured with concanavalin A, the original light chain is replaced with another light chain which results from secondary VJ recombination (light chain shifting). We examined various intracellular factors involved in the induction of light chain shifting. Light chain shifting can be induced upon ...
Alvi K A - - 2000
Two inhibitors of CD45 tyrosine phosphatase, dihydrocarolic acid (1) and penitricin D (2), were isolated from a fermentation broth of the fungus Aspergillus niger and purified by HSCCC (high speed countercurrent chromatography) followed by HPLC. The structures were determined by NMR. The inhibitory activities of both compounds were specific to ...
Komori M - - 2000
Hansenula polymorpha Pex14p is a novel peroxisomal membrane protein essential for peroxisome biogenesis. In vivo labeling experiment of wild-type cells with 32P-orthophosphate and alkaline phosphatase treatment of labeled Pex14p indicate that Pex14p is phosphorylated in vivo. Analysis of the phosphoamino acid in the phosphorylated Pex14p suggested that the major phosphoamino ...
Ferreira C V - - 2000
The four soybean seed acid phosphatase isoforms AP1, AP2, AP3A and AP3B were competitively inhibited by phosphate, vanadate, fluoride and molybdate, using p-nitrophenylphosphate as substrate. The four isoforms were not significantly affected by compounds that can interact with SH residues or by pyridoxal phosphate. These results indicated that cysteine and ...
Dasgupta P - - 2000
The therapeutic potential of the somatostatin analogue RC-160 having antiproliferative activity, is limited by its short serum half life. To overcome this limitation, fatty acids namely butanoic acid and myristic acid were conjugated to the N-terminal residue of RC-160. The lipophilized derivatives of RC-160 were synthesized, purified by reverse phase ...
Inoue M - - 1999
Using the acidotrophic amine 3-(2,4-dinitroanillino)-3'-amino-N-methyldipropylamine (DAMP) as a marker for low pH and immunofluorescence cytochemistry, we examined acidic compartments of osteoclasts cultured on cover glasses or bone slices, where they could resorb the bone surface, forming resorptive lacunae. DAMP-positive structures were seen as vesicular and tubular forms in the cytoplasm, ...
Huang Y H - - 1999
Cured sweetpotato roots were stored at different temperatures (4.5, 15.6, and 24 degrees C) for 7 weeks and assayed for invertase activities and reducing sugar levels during two separate years. Invertase activities and reducing sugar concentration significantly increased in the roots kept at low temperature. Of the three types of ...
Mathur A K - - 1999
The effect of the topical applications of linear alkylbenzene sulphonate (LAS), or chromium (Cr) + nickel (Ni), or the combination of LAS + Cr + Ni for 30 d were investigated. Increased activities of aspartate amino transferase, alanine amino transferase, acid phosphatase and gamma glutamyl transpeptidase and decreased activity of ...
Baudouin E - - 1999
When mechanically injured, plants develop multiple defense systems including the activation of specific genes. These responses are triggered by a complex network of signalling events that include Ca2+ fluxes, the production of free fatty acids from membrane lipids, as well as the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK). In the ...
Hiroyama M - - 1999
In this study, we isolated cDNA encoding lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) phosphatase (LPAP). The amino acid sequence deduced from the cDNA encoding LPAP had 421 residues including a putative signal peptide and was homologous to acid phosphatase, especially at the active site. Human LPAP had 28.5% amino acid identity to human ...
Saroop S - - 1999
Changes in acid and alkaline phosphatase activities in cytoplasmic and wall-bound fractions of developing mustard (Brassica juncea) seed were studied. Growth was measured by seed dry weight and water content. Seed dry weight data were fitted to a cubic polynomial equation. Seed water content and dry matter accumulation was significantly ...
Durmus A - - 1999
The sequence of cDNA fragments of two isozymes of the purple acid phosphatase from sweet potato (spPAP1 and spPAP2) has been determined by 5' and 3' rapid amplification of cDNA ends protocols using oligonucleotide primers based on amino acid information. The encoded amino acid sequences of these two isozymes show ...
del Pozo J C - - 1999
Low phosphorous availability, a common condition of many soils, is known to stimulate phosphatase activity in plants; however, the molecular details of this response remain mostly unknown. We purified and sequenced the N-terminal region of a phosphate starvation induced acid phosphatase (AtACP5) from Arabidopsis thaliana, and cloned its cDNA and ...
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