Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1632
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Aleksieva Penka - - 2003
Acid phosphatase activities in a culture liquid and mycelial extract were studied in submerged cultures of the filamentous fungus Humicola lutea 120-5 in casein-containingmedia with and without inorganic phosphate (Pi). The Pi-repressible influence on the phosphatase formation was demonstrated. Significant changes in the distribution of acid phosphatase between the mycelial ...
Pattingre Sophie - - 2003
Activation of ERK1/2 stimulates macroautophagy in the human colon cancer cell line HT-29 by favoring the phosphorylation of the Galpha-interacting protein (GAIP) in an amino acid-dependent manner (Ogier-Denis, E., Pattingre, S., El Benna, J., and Codogno, P. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 39090-39095). Here we show that ERK1/2 activation by ...
Yamahama Y - - 2003
The present study was designed to investigate the process of acidification of yolk granules during embryogenesis. In oocytes of mature Bombyx mori silkmoth, yolk proteins and a cysteine protease (pro-form BCP) were found in yolk granules. BCP was localized in small sized yolk granules (SYG, 3-6 microm in diameter) and ...
Schadeck Ruth Janice Guse - - 2003
Vacuoles of ungerminated Colletotrichum graminicola conidia engulf cytoplasmic structures by a process analogous to microautophagy, demonstrated by using a vacuolar membrane acid phosphatase marker. Fusion of vesicles with vacuoles, without deposition of the acid phosphatase reaction product has been observed, suggesting other pathways of material delivery to vacuoles than microautophagy. ...
Nakagami Yoshihiro - - 2003
DNase II is involved in DNA fragmentation induced by a variety of treatments. However, according to past reports DNase II does not directly generate TUNEL (in situ DNA end labeling)-positive cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the participation of acid phosphatase in the generation of TUNEL-positive cells. ...
Gallardo-Williams Maria T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Prostate specific antigen (PSA) is a well-established marker of prostate cancer, but it can also degrade extracellular matrix proteins such as fibronectin and could be involved in tumor progression and metastasis. In this study, we have addressed the use of boric acid and 3-nitrophenyl boronic acid (NPBA) as PSA ...
Mitsuishi Hiroko - - 2003
Okadaic acid (OA) decreased the leptin content in isolated mouse fat pads in a time and dose-dependent manner. MG-132, a membrane-permeable proteasome inhibitor, prevented the decrease by OA, suggesting the involvement of proteasome in the OA action. No significant decrease in the incorporation of [(3)H]leucine into leptin was observed with ...
Sevenou O - - 2002
Attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) was used to study the external regions of starch granules. Native starches (wheat, potato, maize, waxy maize and amylomaize) were analysed and compared to gelatinised and acid-hydrolysed starches. The IR spectra of potato and amylomaize starches were closer to that of highly ordered acid-hydrolysed ...
Dubbelhuis Peter F - - 2002
Amino acid-induced cell swelling stimulates conversion of glucose into glycogen in isolated hepatocytes. Activation of glycogen synthase (GS) phosphatase, caused by the fall in intracellular chloride accompanying regulatory volume decrease, and activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase), induced by cell swelling, have been proposed as underlying mechanisms. Because PI 3-kinase ...
Haux J Eric - - 2002
Butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) is inhibited by the plant growth regulator (2-chloroethyl)phosphonic acid (ethephon) as observed 25 years ago both in vitro and in vivo in rats and mice and more recently in subchronic studies at low doses with human subjects. The proposed mechanism is phosphorylation of the BChE active site at ...
Piquemal Joel - - 2002
Transgenic maize (Zea mays) plants were generated with a construct harboring a maize caffeic acid O-methyltransferase (COMT) cDNA in the antisense (AS) orientation under the control of the maize Adh1 (alcohol dehydrogenase) promoter. Adh1-driven beta-glucuronidase expression was localized in vascular tissues and lignifying sclerenchyma, indicating its suitability in transgenic experiments ...
Helmann John D - - 2002
Helmann discusses the controversy surrounding the activation of the bacterial redox-regulated transcription factor OxyR. Evidence from different sources, including crystallographic data, has led to opposing models for the chemical changes that activate OxyR. Is it an intramolecular disulfide-linkage? Is it oxidation of a single cysteine residue to a sulfenic acid? ...
Dounay A B - - 2002
As the first recognized member of the "okadaic acid class" of phosphatase inhibitors, the marine natural product okadaic acid is perhaps the most well-known member of a diverse array of secondary metabolites that have emerged as valuable probes for studying the roles of various cellular protein serine/threonine phosphatases. This review ...
Partanen Seppo - - 2002
Fluoride is considered to be a nephrotoxic substance, due to the association of 50-180 microM serum concentrations of fluoride with dose-related, subclinical to overt clinical renal impairment. At these concentrations the cellular targets of fluoride in renal tissue remain unknown. Fluoride at micromolar concentrations inhibits some enzymes including phosphatases. Here ...
Olsson Pål Axel - - 2002
The influence of external phosphorus (P) on carbon (C) allocation and metabolism as well as processes related to P metabolism was studied in monoxenic arbuscular mycorrhiza cultures of carrot (Daucus carota). Fungal hyphae of Glomus intraradices proliferated from the solid minimal medium containing the colonized roots into C-free liquid minimal ...
Edqvist Johan - - 2003
The endosperm of Euphorbia lagascae Spreng. seeds contains high levels of the epoxidated fatty acid vernolic acid [12(S),13(R)-epoxy-12-octadecenoic acid]. To learn more about the function and metabolism of vernolic acid, we have initiated an investigation into the gene activities involved in the processes of vernolic acid mobilization and oxidation during ...
Romanowska-Duda Zdzisława - - 2002
The eutrophication of the Sulejów Reservoir dam in Poland is related to toxicity from cyanobacterial blooms. The main species responsible for hepatotoxic bloom formation is Microcystis aeruginosa. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of toxic cyanobacterial extract on the growth and morphology of the water plant ...
Klumpp Susanne - - 2002
The cellular composition and concentration of fatty acids are crucial for proliferation and survival. We recently showed stimulation of protein phosphatase type-2C (PP2C) by unsaturated fatty acids. Here, we describe that treatment of cultured chick neurons with 100 microM oleic acid for 24h increased the percentage of damaged neurons to ...
Foissner Ilse - - 2002
We investigated the cytoskeleton of Lilium longiflorum pollen tubes and examined the effects of the type 2A protein phosphatase (PP2A) inhibitors calyculin A and okadaic acid. An improved method for actin visualization, the simultaneous fixation and staining with rhodamine-labelled phalloidin during microscopical observation, revealed abundant actin filaments of no preferential ...
Qi Xiaoyang - - 2002
Saposin C is a biological activator of acid beta-glucosidase (GCase), the lysosomal hydrolase with activity towards glucosylceramide (GC). In addition, saposin C possesses a functional domain that determines the in vitro and ex vivo neuritogenic effects of prosaposin, the precursor of saposins A, B, C, and D. The domains for ...
Kalamidas S A - - 2002
The effects of agents that could manipulate the lysosomal calcium such as phorbol myristate acetate, ionophore A23187, and phentolamine on the lysosomal glycogen degradation were studied by electron microscopy, morphometric analysis, and biochemical assays in newborn rat hepatocytes. Phorbol myristate acetate, which promotes the input of calcium to lysosomes, increased ...
Martínez-Grueiro M M - - 2002
Acid phosphatase (AP) activity was detected in 24 h culture media from adult Heligmosomoides polygyrus. Female and male excretion/secretion products showed similar specific activity. For both, the AP had a pH optimum of 4.0 and was inhibited by sodium fluoride, tartaric acid, and sodium orthovanadate. The release of AP by ...
Waheed Abdul - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The level of prostatic acid phosphatase in serum is an established marker for prostate carcinoma. METHODS: Inactivation of homogeneous prostatic acid phosphatase from human seminal fluid by purified plasmin and human serum was studied in the presence and absence of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor, a plasmin inhibitor, or phenylmethylsulfonylfluoride, ...
Zhang Dapeng - - 2002
Acid invertase (EC 3.2.1.26) is one of the key enzymes involved in the carbohydrate sinkorgan development and the sink strength modulation in crops. The experiment conducted with 'Starkrimson' apple (Malus domestica Borkh) fruit showed that, during the fruit development, the activity of acid invertase gradually declined concomitantly with the progressive ...
Storr M - - 2002
The aim of the present study was to characterize the influence of the phosphatase type 1 and 2A inhibitor okadaic acid on non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic (NANC) neurotransmission in the rat gastric fundus. Okadaic acid (10-6 M), an inhibitor of protein phosphatases 1 and 2A, did not show any influence on the ...
Hausmann Stéphane - - 2002
The C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II undergoes extensive phosphorylation and dephosphorylation at positions Ser2 and Ser5 during the transcription cycle. A single CTD phosphatase, Fcp1, has been identified in yeast and metazoans. Here we conducted a biochemical characterization of Fcp1 from the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. The 723-amino ...
Tanaka Naoko - - 2002
Vanadium haloperoxidases and the bacterial class A nonspecific acid phosphatases have a conserved active site. It is shown that vanadate-substituted recombinant acid phosphatase from Shigella flexneri (PhoN-Sf) and Salmonella enterica ser. typhimurium (PhoN-Se) in the presence of H2O2 are able to oxidize bromide to hypobromous acid. Vanadate is essential for ...
Blinnikova E I - - 2002
A method for isolation of secretory vesicles from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae based on the disintegration of protoplasts by osmotic shock followed by separation of the vesicles by centrifugation in a density gradient of Urografin was developed in this study. Two populations of the secretory vesicles that differ in density ...
Rico H - - 2002
BACKGROUND: A study was carried out over a 24-month interval to determine if an initial measurement of serum tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase would be predictive of bone mass loss quantified by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, as total bone mineral content and total bone mineral content corrected for weight. DESIGN: Sixty-two women were ...
Bull H - - 2002
Acid phosphatases (APs) are a family of enzymes that are widespread in nature, and can be found in many animal and plant species. Mystery surrounds the precise functional role of these molecular facilitators, despite much research. Yet, paradoxically, human APs have had considerable impact as tools of clinical investigation and ...
Foster Richard H - - 2002
The present study was designed to assess the effect of okadaic acid (OA), a protein phosphatase inhibitor, on aldosterone secretion in response to angiotensin II (AII), adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and rises in external potassium concentration (K+). AII (10nM) caused a 20-fold increase in aldosterone production and OA reduced this response by ...
Leira F - - 2002
Apoptotic changes induced by okadaic acid and yessotoxin in BE(2)-M17 neuroblastoma cells have been evaluated and quantified by combining classical methods and fast and sensitive fluorimetric microplate assays. The phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid induced rapid time- and dose-dependent apoptotic changes in this cell line, which were evident after 1h at ...
Van Wambeke F - - 2002
The effect of phosphate (P), nitrate (N), and organic carbon (C, glucose) enrichment on heterotrophic bacterial production was examined along two longitudinal transects covering the whole Mediterranean Sea during June and September 1999. During these cruises, integrated bacterial production ranged from 11 to 349 mgC m(-2) d(-1) for the 0-150 ...
Carneiro-Santos P - - 2001
The fluorescent probe LysoTracker Red was used to examine for the presence of acidic vesicles in cercariae and schistosomula of Schistosoma mansoni. Acidic vesicles were widely distributed throughout the body of freshly transformed schistosomula and 24-h-old schistosomula but were absent from cercariae. The vesicles of freshly transformed schistosomula were undetectable ...
Ahlemeyer B - - 2001
The standardized extract from Ginkgo biloba (EGb 761) is used for the treatment of dementia. Because of allergenic and genotoxic effects, ginkgolic acids are restricted in EGb 761 to 5 ppm. The question arises whether ginkgolic acids also have neurotoxic effects. In the present study, ginkgolic acids caused death of ...
Conconi M T - - 2001
An inadequate protein intake seems to be involved in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. Moreover, protein from animal sources appears to protect against hip fracture, while protein from vegetable sources, which present low levels of essential amino acids, has no effect. In this preliminary work, the growth, the alkaline phosphatase activity ...
Miyazaki S - - 2001
We cloned the human tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) gene from human osteosarcoma cells (Saos-2), and produced recombinant human TRAP (rhTRAP) using a baculovirus vector expression system. RhTRAP from Sf9 culture medium was purified by cation exchange chromatography, gel filtration and affinity chromatography. The molecular mass and amino acid composition of ...
Masuda T - - 2001
Hen egg lysozyme elicits a sweet taste sensation for human beings. Effects of reduction of disulfide bonds, heat treatment, and chemical modification of hen egg lysozyme on both sweetness and hydrolytic activity were investigated. Both the sweetness and enzymatic activities were lost when the intradisulfide linkage in a lysozyme molecule ...
Brambila E - - 2001
Ribonucleases (RNases) are a group of enzymes that hydrolyze different classes of RNA. It has been suggested that RNase activity in cells can act to indirectly regulate protein synthesis by controlling RNA degradation. However, little is known about the role of RNases under conditions characterized by a sudden increase of ...
Sodeoka M - - 2001
Selective inhibitors of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) and dual-specificity phosphatases (DSPs) are expected to be useful tools for clarifying the biological functions of the PTPs themselves and also to be candidates for novel therapeutics. We planned a library approach for the identification of PTP/DSP inhibitors in which 3-acyltetronic acid is ...
Kang H - - 2001
Protein phosphatase 5 (PP5) exhibits low basal activity due to the autoinhibitory properties of its N-terminal and C-terminal domains but can be activated approximately 40-fold in vitro by polyunsaturated fatty acids. To identify residues involved in regulating PP5 activity, we performed scanning mutagenesis of its N-terminal tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) domain ...
Aoyama H - - 2001
The effects of two lectins concanavalin A (conA) and soybean agglutinin, on soybean seed acid phosphatase activity were investigated using p-nitrophenylphosphate (pNPP), pyrophosphate (PPi) and phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) as substrates. Of the four acid phosphatase isoforms (AP1, AP2, AP3A and AP3B) purified from soybean seeds, only AP1 was activated 40 and ...
Collins K A - - 2001
The survival of spermatozoa and the persistence of prostatic acid phosphatase has been an area of interest for investigators of sexual assault. However, not much documentation exists concerning the examination of a deceased individual with regard to the postmortem interval and presence of such evidence. The authors reviewed cases referred ...
Uchida K - - 2001
Within developing ovaries of many insects, some developing follicles or oocytes usually degenerate (follicular atresia or oosorption), while the others may continue to grow to maturity, thus maintaining the balance between the number of eggs and reproductive circumstances such as available nutrients. To help clarify the phenomenon of follicular atresia ...
McCormick K M - - 2001
Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) is secreted as a biologically inactive complex by many cell types in vitro, but little is known of TGFbeta's activation status in vivo. This study examined the in vivo expression of active and total (active + acid-activatable) TGFbeta2 in embryonic chicken hearts during cardiac morphogenesis ...
Verrelli B C - - 2001
Earlier studies of the common PGM allozymes in Drosophila melanogaster reported no in vitro activity differences. However, our study of nucleotide variation observed that PGM allozymes are a heterogeneous mixture of amino acid polymorphisms. In this study, we analyze 10 PGM protein haplotypes with respect to PGM activity, thermostability, and ...
Sisemore M F - - 2001
Leukotoxin, a cytochrome P450-derived epoxide of linoleic acid, has been implicated as a causative factor in acute respiratory distress syndrome. Conversion of this fatty acid epoxide to leukotoxin diol by epoxide hydrolase has been hypothesized as the critical activation step in leukotoxin-induced cellular toxicity. In both human and insect cells, ...
Hegeman C E - - 2001
Phytic acid (myo-inositol hexakisphosphate) is the major storage form of phosphorus in plant seeds. During germination, stored reserves are used as a source of nutrients by the plant seedling. Phytic acid is degraded by the activity of phytases to yield inositol and free phosphate. Due to the lack of phytases ...
Zhang J M - - 2001
To investigate the neurologic mechanisms of acidic local anesthetic-induced low back pain in humans, we administered bupivacaine and buffered saline at acidic or alkalinized pH at the L5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) of rats via a hole drilled through the transverse process covering the DRG. Behavioral changes were tested before ...
Partanen S - - 2001
The effect of pH during formalin fixation on acid phosphatases in human tissues was studied. Lysosomal-type acid phosphatase was sensitive to alkaline fixation, being completely inactive after fixation at pH 9.0. Prostatic and tartrate-resistant osteoclastic/macrophagic types were alkaline fixation-resistant, as was an acid phosphatase localized in endothelium, endometrial stromal cells ...
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