Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1660
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de Duve Christian - - 2005
In the course of an investigation aimed at characterizing hepatic glucose 6-phosphatase, the unrelated acid phosphatase of rat liver was serendipitously observed to be latent and particle-bound in freshly prepared homogenates. Experiments designed to elucidate this intriguing finding led, 50 years ago, to the discovery of lysosomes. This could not ...
Groen Johan C - - 2005
The role of the concentration and the nature of aluminium in the creation of hierarchical porosity in both commercial and synthesized MFI zeolites have been investigated through controlled mesoporosity development by desilication in alkaline medium. Framework aluminium controls the process of framework silicon extraction and makes desilication selective towards intracrystalline ...
Dani M P - - 2005
Venom from the pupal endoparasitoid, Pimpla hypochondriaca has previously been shown to contain a mixture of biologically active molecules. Currently, P. hypochondriaca venom was examined for the presence of hydrolase activity. Six hydrolases were consistently detected using the API ZYM semiquantitative colourimetric kit. The main hydrolases detected were; acid phosphatase, ...
Fujita Ken-Ichi - - 2005
Polygodial was found to exhibit a fungicidal activity against a food spoilage yeast, Zygosaccharomyces bailii, with the minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) of 50 microg/mL (0.17 mM). The time-kill curve study showed that polygodial was fungicidal at any growth stage. The primary action of polygodial comes from its ability to disrupt ...
Wu Jun - - 2005
Butyric acid and sphingomyelin (SM) affect colonic tumorigenesis. We examined the potential link between butyrate stimulation and SM metabolism in colonic and hepatic cancer cell lines. After incubating HT29 and HepG2 cells with butyrate and other short-chain fatty acids, we found that butyrate increased acid but not neutral or alkaline ...
Bing Guoying - - 2006
Recently, we developed a novel fluorescent method named intrinsic fluorescence induction that allows direct visualization of neurofibrillary pathology without introducing exogenous chromogens. In the present study, we further characterized the properties of this novel red fluorescence biophysically, biochemically, and neuropathologically. In vitro spectrofluorometry and in situ emission scan show that ...
Uehori Junji - - 2005
6-O-acyl-muramyldipeptides (MDP) with various lengths of fatty acid chains were examined for their dendritic cell (DC) maturation activity expressed through TLRs. Judging from anti-TLR mAb/inhibitor-blocking analysis, MDP derivatives with a single octanoyl or stearoyl fatty acid chain were found to activate TLR2 and TLR4 on human DCs, although intact and ...
Ilić Nebojsa - - 2005
Indole-3-acetic acid is an indispensable hormone (auxin) in plants and an important metabolite in humans, animals, and microorganisms. Here we introduce its 5- and 6-(2-aminoethyl)-derivatives for use in the design of novel research tools, such as immobilized and carrier-linked forms of indole-3-acetic acid and its conjugates with biochemical tags or ...
Kim Young C - - 2005
Alterations in the hepatic metabolism of sulfur amino acids in experimental cholestasis induced by alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT) (100 mg/kg, po) were monitored in male mice for 1 week. We also examined the effects of betaine supplementation (1% in drinking water) for 2 weeks on the hepatotoxicity and changes in the sulfur ...
Ohne Yoichiro - - 2005
Insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) plays a pivotal role in insulin signal transduction. It has been shown that the amino acids modulate insulin signaling at the level of IRS-1. Here we show that an amino acid unbalanced diet causes a reduction in serine phosphorylation as well as an elevation in insulin-induced ...
Harada Tsuyoshi - - 2005
To understand the differences between the rat intestinal alkaline phosphatase isozymes rIAP-I and rIAP-II, we constructed structural models based on the previously determined crystal structure for human placental alkaline phosphatase (hPLAP). Our models of rIAP-I and rIAP-II displayed a typical alpha/beta topology, but the crown domain of rIAP-I contained an ...
Fialho Eliane - - 2005
Vitellin (VT) is a lipoglycophosphoprotein stored inside the eggs of every oviparous organism during oogenesis. In the blood-sucking bug Rhodnius prolixus, VT is deposited inside growing oocytes together with two acid hydrolases: acid phosphatase (AP) and cathepsin D (CD). Egg fertilization triggers AP activity and VT proteolysis in vivo [Insect ...
Singh Digvijay - - 2005
The latex of four plants viz. Euphorbia royleana, Jatropha gossypifolia (Euphorbiaceae), Nerium indicum and Thevetia peruviana (Apocynaceae) caused significant reduction in acid/alkaline phosphatase activity and anti-acetylcholinesterase activity in nervous tissue of freshwater air breathing fish Channa marulius. The reduction in the activity of both phosphatases and AChE were time as ...
Segurel Marie A - - 2005
The origin of dimethyl sulfide (DMS) produced during wine aging was examined through different assays. The production of DMS during the model aging of a wine and the concomitant decrease of residual potential DMS (PDMS), as DMS released by heat-alkaline treatment in 0.5 M sodium hydroxide at 100 degrees C ...
Fukushige Hirotada - - 2005
Fatty acid hydroperoxide lyase (HL) is the key enzyme for the production of the "green note"compounds, leaf aldehyde [(2E)-hexenal] and leaf alcohol [(3Z)-hexenol], in plant tissues. A cDNA encoding HL was cloned from leaves of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) and expressed in Nicotiana tabacum. The enzyme is 3 times more active ...
Nanatani Kei - - 2005
AspT is an electrogenic aspartate:alanine exchange protein that represents the vectorial component of a proton-motive metabolic cycle found in some strains of Tetragenococcus halophilus. AspT is the sole member of a new family, the Aspartate: Alanine Exchanger (AAE) family, in secondary transporters, according to the computational classification proposed by Saier ...
Sano Tomoharu - - 2005
Two leucine aminopeptidase M inhibitors, cyanostatin A and B, were isolated from cyanobacterial water blooms at Loch Rescobie in Scotland, and specifically from a Microcystis species. Both inhibitors were lipopeptides containing 3-amino-2-hydroxydecanoic acid and weak inhibitors of protein phosphatase (PP2A). Both strongly inhibited the activity of leucine aminopeptidase M with ...
Louzao M C - - 2005
Okadaic acid is the main toxin responsible for the natural phenomena known as diarrheic shellfish poisoning (DSP). This toxin is a tumor promoter C38 polyether fatty acid that contains acidic and hydrophobic moieties and is cyclic. Okadaic acid is a potent inhibitor of important classes of protein serine/threonine phosphatases such ...
Tsuboi Kazuhito - - 2005
Bioactive N-acylethanolamines, including anandamide (an endocannabinoid) and N-palmitoylethanolamine (an anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective substance), are hydrolyzed to fatty acids and ethanolamine by fatty acid amide hydrolase. Moreover, we found another amidohydrolase catalyzing the same reaction only at acidic pH, and we purified it from rat lung (Ueda, N., Yamanaka, K., and ...
Courty, P.E.
The year-round dynamics of laccase and acid phosphatase activities of ectomycorrhizas (EM) were monitored in an oak forest, using amicroplate photometric method using individual EM root tips. Among the most frequent and abundant EM morphotypes, those of Lactariusquietus and Cortinarius anomalus showed a peak of laccase activity in spring, while ...
Andrade-Rocha Fernando Tadeu - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether analysis of the physical properties of ejaculate also has any diagnostic potential for evaluating the function of these accessory sex glands. Diverse normal and abnormal states of coagulation, liquefaction, volume, viscosity and pH were studied with regard to the levels of ...
Vellodi A - - 2005
Several markers have been developed for the biochemical monitoring of Gaucher disease. Three of the most commonly used markers are acid phosphatase, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and chitotriosidase. The rationale for using all three concurrently is not clear. A retrospective study was therefore carried out on data collected from 28 paediatric ...
Palacios M C - - 2005
AIMS: To screen for phosphatase and phytase activities in Lactobacillus isolated from diverse ecosystems and to determine the biochemical properties and the factors that regulate the synthesis of the enzyme responsible for these activities in the selected strain, Lactobacillus pentosus CECT 4023. METHODS AND RESULTS: These activities were determined spectrophotometrically ...
Passantino L - - 2005
Fish (F) thrombocytes (THRs) from healthy trouts were studied in terms of cytoenzyme expression. FTHRs were positive to acid periodic of shiff (PAS) and acid phosphatase (ac. phos.) without tartaric acid (-TA) stainings, as well to alkaline phosphatase. However, when compared with autologous macrophages (M psi's), they were negative to ...
Takayama Kuni - - 2005
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is known to synthesize alpha-, methoxy-, and keto-mycolic acids. We propose a detailed pathway to the biosynthesis of all mycolic acids in M. tuberculosis. Fatty acid synthetase I provides C(20)-S-coenzyme A to the fatty acid synthetase II system (FAS-IIA). Modules of FAS-IIA and FAS-IIB introduce cis unsaturation at ...
Freeman Vincent L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: An effect of fatty acids has been implicated in men with advanced-stage prostate carcinoma and in men who have died of the disease. To evaluate the influence of fatty acids in men with prostate carcinoma at earlier stages, the authors examined the relation between prostatic concentrations of fatty acids ...
Singh Sunil Kumar - - 2005
The aqueous stem bark and leaf extracts of plant Euphorbia hirta (family-Euphorbiaceae) have potent molluscicidal activity. Sub-lethal doses (40% and 80% of LC50) of aqueous stem bark and leaf extracts of this plant also significantly (P<0.05) alter the levels of total protein, total free amino acid, nucleic acids (DNA and ...
Li Shaoying - - 2004
The present study examines the role of Pyk2 in acid regulation of sodium/hydrogen exchanger 3 (NHE3) activity in OKP cells, a kidney proximal tubule epithelial cell line. Incubation of OKP cells in acid media caused a transient increase in Pyk2 phosphorylation that peaked at 30 seconds and increased Pyk2/c-Src binding ...
Vovk Andriy I - - 2004
Calix[4]arenes bearing one or two methylenebisphosphonic acid fragments were prepared via addition of diethylphosphite to the parent calix[4]arene aldehydes. The resulting compounds displayed stronger inhibition of calf intestine alkaline phosphatase than simple methylenebisphosphonic or 4-hydroxyphenyl methylenebisphosphonic acids. The action of these phosphorylated calix[4]arenes is concordant with partial mixed-type inhibition. The ...
Pyne Susan - - 2004
The biological actions of the lysolipid agonists sphingosine 1-phosphate and lysophosphatidic acid, in addition to other bioactive lipid phosphates such as phosphatidic acid and ceramide 1-phosphate, can be influenced by a family of lipid phosphate phosphatases (LPP), including LPP1, LPP2, LPP3, the Drosophila homologues Wunen (Wun) and Wunen2 (Wun2) and ...
Kacena M A - - 2004
We compared histochemical and immunohistochemical staining as well as fluorochrome labeling in murine bone specimens that were fixed with 10% neutral buffered formalin to those fixed with HistoChoice. We showed that sections from undecalcified tibiae fixed for 4 h in HistoChoice resulted in enhanced toluidine blue and Von Kossa histochemical ...
Guimarães Luis Henrique S - - 2004
High levels of thermostable acid phosphatases were produced by Aspergillus caespitosus in culture media supplemented with xylan birchwood or agricultural residues, as carbon sources. The optimal culture conditions for production of phosphatases were 40 degrees C and pH 6.0. Extra- and intra-cellular acid phosphatases were purified by chromatography on DEAE-cellulose, ...
Lee Sang-Eun - - 2004
This study was performed to compare acid-phosphatase staining with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis for the diagnosis of Dirofilaria repens infection. The infection of D. repens was confirmed in Korean reared German shepherd dogs. Knott's tests were carried out for the detection of microfilaria in 543 Korean reared German shepherd ...
Shrivastava Sadhana - - 2004
Therapeutic efficacy of EGTA (ethylene glycol bis (2-aminoethyl ether) tetraacetic acid) against cerium intoxicated mice was studied. Administration of cerium showed significant decrease in haemoglobin percentage, RBC counts and blood glucose level with an increase in the activity of serum transaminases and WBC counts. Decrease in the activity of alkaline ...
Hernández Antonio - - 2004
Previous reports in animals considered beta-glucuronidase activity as a novel biomarker of anticholinesterase (organophosphates and carbamates) pesticides exposure. Acid phosphatase activity was also shown to increase after organophosphates exposure. In addition, there is evidence that the paraoxonase status influences sensitivity to specific pesticides. In this study, activities of beta-glucuronidase, acid ...
Jampílek J - - 2004
The syntheses of (2E)-2-methyl-3-(4-([4-(quinolin-2-ylmethoxy)phenyl]sulfanyl)phenyl) prop-2-enoic acid (VUFB 20609) and racemic 2-methyl-3-(4-([4-(quinolin-2-ylmethoxy) phenyl]sulfanyl)phenyl)propanoic acid (VUFB 20584) as new potential antileukotrienic drugs are described. Due to a low reactivity of the 4-substituted aryl bromides (coupling of the 4-substituted aryl bromides do not provide an activating functional group with 4-methoxybenzene-1-thiol), special conditions, in ...
Engelmann P - - 2004
Earthworm leukocytes (coelomocytes) are responsible for innate cellular immune functions such as phagocytosis and encapsulation against parasites and pathogens. Microbial killing results from the combined action of the phagocytic process with humoral immune factors such as agglutinins (e.g., lectins), lysosomal enzymes (e.g., acid phosphatase, lysozyme), and various cytotoxic and antimicrobial ...
Parameswaran Narayanan - - 2004
Glomerular mesangial cells play an important role in the development of glomerulosclerosis. Mesangial cell apoptosis has been shown to be involved in different stages of development of glomerulonephritis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of inhibition of serine/threonine phosphatases by okadaic acid, a shell fish ...
Mihara Yasuhiro - - 2004
Escherichia blattae acid phosphatase/phosphotransferase (EB-AP/PTase) exhibits C-5'-position selective pyrophosphate-nucleoside phosphotransferase activity in addition to its intrinsic phosphatase. Improvement of its phosphotransferase activity was investigated by sequential site-directed mutagenesis. By comparing the primary structures of higher 5'-inosinic acid (5'-IMP) productivity and lower 5'-IMP productivity acid phosphatase/phosphotransferase, candidate residues of substitution were ...
Sivaprasad Thylambal Rajagopalan - - 2004
The combined therapeutic potentials of lipoic acid and dimercaptosuccinic acid were compared against their sole administrations in restoring the altered lead sensitive indices in urine and isolated renal brush-border preparations. Toxicity was induced in male albino rats (Wistar strain) by administering lead acetate (0.2%) in drinking water for 5 weeks, ...
Sen Supatra - - 2004
Phosphorus (P) is the second most important macronutrient for plant growth. Plants exhibit numerous physiological and metabolic adaptations in response to seasonal variations in phosphorus content. Activities of acid and alkaline phosphatases, ATPase and ATP content were studied in summer, rainy and winter seasons at two different developmental stages (28 ...
Ramalingam K - - 2004
A time course study on the endotoxin toxicity of the gram negative bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa MTCC 1688 on the tissue phosphatases activity on the giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii was conducted. The results revealed marked elevation of both acid and alkaline phosphatase activity in the haemolymph and body muscle. The ...
Andriotis Vasilios M E - - 2004
The acid phosphatase (orthophosphoric-monoester phosphohydrolase, EC 3.1.3.2) complement from dormant hazel (Corylus avellana L.) seeds was found to exhibit significant electrophoretic heterogeneity partially attributable to the presence of distinct molecular forms. In axiferous tissue, total acid phosphatase activity increased in a biphasic fashion during chilling, a treatment necessary to alleviate ...
Ye Xiu Juan - - 2004
Vinegar was produced from barley-, sweet potato-, and rice-shochu post-distillation slurry using jar fermentor within 19 hrs. All the vinegars showed radical-scavenging activity, angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition and advanced glycation endproducts (AGE) inhibition in vitro. The radical-scavenging activity of the vinegar produced from sweet potato-shochu post-distillation slurry was ...
Hirota Yuko - - 2004
Lysosomes are acidic intracellular compartments and are regarded as degradative and the end point, of the endocytic pathway. Here we provide evidence for the generation of acid hydrolase poor and non-acidic post-lysosomal compartments in NRK cells that have accumulated non-digestible macromolecules, Texas red-dextran (TR-Dex), within lysosomes. When TR-Dex was fed ...
Lacević Amela - - 2004
The endodontium and periodontium are closely related and disease of one may lead to secondary disease in the other. The differential diagnosis of endodontic and periodontal disease is of vital importance, so that the appropriate treatment can be done. Microorganisms play a primary role in endodontic and periodontal infections. The ...
Tsuruta Hiroki - - 2004
Protein-tyrosine phosphatase [EC 3.1.3.48] from a psychrophile, Shewanella sp. shows high activity at low temperatures and has the conserved amino acid sequence of protein-Ser/Thr-phosphatases. Site-directed mutagenesis with the conserved amino acid residues indicated that His148 could be important as a general acid catalyst and Asp115 assists the protonation with His148 ...
Nicolau Ana - - 2004
The sensitivity of protozoa, and particularly ciliated protozoa, to environmental changes suggested a study on the physiological responses arising from exposure to toxic compounds. Tetrahymena pyriformis was used as a test organism in a set of miniaturized assays. The physiological response of this ciliate was assessed in terms of adenosine-5'-triphosphate ...
Gehringer Michelle M - - 2004
Microcystins, potent heptapeptide hepatotoxins produced by certain bloom-forming cyanobacteria, are strong protein phosphatase inhibitors. They covalently bind the serine/threonine protein phosphatases 1 and 2A (PP1 and PP2A), thereby influencing regulation of cellular protein phosphorylation. The paralytic shellfish poison, okadaic acid, is also a potent inhibitor of these PPs. Inhibition of ...
Nassogne Marie-Cécile - - 2004
This paper reports that cocaine may induce a lysosomal storage disorder. Indeed, culture of Rat-1 fibroblasts with 250-500 microM cocaine induced after 2-3 days a major accumulation in lysosomes of electron-dense lamellar structures. By subcellular fractionation, this was reflected by a selective decrease of the buoyant density of several lysosomal ...
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