Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1631
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Chen Yi-Min - - 2006
Eight naturally purified microcystins (MCs), including MC-LR, -FR, -WR, -RR, [d-Asp(3)]MC-FR, -WR, -RR, and [Dha(7)]MC-RR were utilized to determine the effects of amino acid substitutions and modifications on MC-induced protein phosphatase inhibition activity and mouse toxicity. Catalytic subunits of protein phosphatase 1 (PP-1) and 2A (PP-2A) were purified and subjected ...
Ott Jennifer L - - 2006
Microcystins (MCYSTs) are a family of related cyclic heptapeptides produced by several genera and species of blue-green algae (cyanobacteria). MCYSTs are potent and specific inhibitors of the serine threonine family of protein phosphatases, especially PP1 and PP2A. MCYSTs inhibit a liver's protein phosphatase by forming a covalent linkage between MCYSTs' ...
Flanagan J U - - 2006
Purple acid phosphatases are a family of binuclear metallohydrolases that have been identified in plants, animals and fungi. Only one isoform of approximately 35 kDa has been isolated from animals, where it is associated with bone resorption and microbial killing through its phosphatase activity, and hydroxyl radical production, respectively. Using ...
Sartory D P DP Severn Trent Water, Quality and Environmental Assurance, Shrewsbury, UK. - - 2006
To evaluate testing for acid phosphatase as an alternative method for the confirmation of Clostridium perfringens isolated from water. Sixty-two reference strains of Clostridium were tested for their ability to produce acid phosphatase, as well as reduction of sulfite on tryptose sulfite cycloserine agar (TSC) and production of fluorescence in ...
Yang Yi - - 2006
Fibrillins are lipid-binding proteins of plastids that are induced under abiotic stress conditions. In response to environmental stress, plants generate abscisic acid (ABA) as an endogenous signal. We show that ABA treatment and fibrillin accumulation enhance the tolerance of photosystem II toward light stress-triggered photoinhibition in Arabidopsis. ABA induces fibrillin ...
Na MinKyun - - 2006
Inhibition of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) has been proposed as a therapy to treat type 2 diabetes and obesity. In our preliminary screening study on the PTP1B inhibitory activity, a CH2Cl2-soluble extract of the roots of Acanthopanax koreanum (Araliaceae) was found to inhibit PTP1B activity at 30 microg/ml. Eight ...
Ansorena Eduardo - - 2006
S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) and 5'-methylthioadenosine (MTA) exert a protective action on apoptosis induced by okadaic acid in primary rat hepatocytes but not in human transformed HuH7 cells. In the present work, we analyzed the role played by the JNK/activator protein (AP)-1 pathway in this differential effect. Okadaic acid induced the phosphorylation ...
Maskrey Ben H - - 2006
Post-copulatory behaviour in barnacles involves a violent rocking movement of the opercular valves, which is thought to contribute to the expulsion of oocytes through the oviduct into the mantle cavity where they are fertilised. We demonstrate in this study that the seminal vesicles/testis of the subtidal barnacle Balanus balanus produce ...
Garba Ibrahim H - - 2006
The activities of total serum acid phosphatase (E.C. 3.1.3.2) and of two of its isoenzymes, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and erythrocyte-specific acid phosphatase were measured in 109 adult male and female patients presenting acute falciparum malaria infection, and a normal, healthy control group comprised of 82 subjects. All the three forms ...
Reid David M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of alendronic acid once weekly relative to risedronic acid once weekly on bone mineral density (BMD), markers of bone turnover and tolerability in the treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This was a randomised, double-masked, double-dummy multicentre international ...
Gargova S - - 2006
An extracellular acid phosphatase isolated from the culture of a wild strain Aspergillus niger, producing the dephosphorylating 3-phytase, was obtained in a homogeneous form by sequential application of ultrafiltration through PS 50 membrane, gel filtration on Sephadex G-100 and ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose CL 6B and CM-Sepharose CL 6B. ...
Dzugan Małgorzata - - 2006
The distribution of the activity of seven acid glycosidases in the reproductive organs of the pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) was studied. The study was carried out on seven mature birds at the age of 11 months during the reproductive season (May). Significant (p<0.01) differences in acid glycosidase activity dependent on enzyme ...
Felts Richard L - - 2006
Francisella tularensis is a highly infectious bacterial pathogen that is considered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to be a potential bioterrorism weapon. Here, the crystallization of a 37.2 kDa phosphatase encoded by the genome of F. tularensis subsp. holarctica live vaccine strain is reported. This enzyme shares ...
Kim Se-Won - - 2006
We performed the present study to investigate whether Pleurotus eryngii extracts (PEX) play a role in bone metabolism. PEX treatment showed increase in the alkaline phosphatase activity of the osteoblasts and in the osteocalcin mRNA expression from primary osteoblasts. PEX also increased the expression of the Runx2 gene, and the ...
Markaverich Barry M - - 2005
Previous studies in our laboratory demonstrated that high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of ground corncob bedding extracts characterized two components (peak I and peak II) that disrupted endocrine function in male and female rats and stimulated breast and prostate cancer cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. The active substances ...
Gonzalez-McQuire Rosanna - - 2005
We report a new template-directed method for the fabrication of hydroxyapatite (HAp) sponges by using amino-acid-coated HAp nanoparticles dispersed within a viscous polysaccharide (dextran sulfate) matrix, and describe the use of these materials for the viability and proliferation of human bone marrow stromal cells. The nanoparticles were prepared in the ...
Khuda-Bukhsh Anisur Rahman - - 2005
Groundwater arsenic (As) has affected millions of people globally distributed over 20 countries. In parts of West Bengal (India) and Bangladesh alone, over 100 million people are at risk, but supply of As-free water is grossly inadequate. Attempts to remove As by using orthodox medicines have mostly been unsuccessful. A ...
Reyes David - - 2006
In the present paper evidence is presented indicating that tyrosine dephosphorylation is a key regulatory mechanism in postgermination arrest of Arabidopsis thaliana L. seed development mediated by abscisic acid (ABA). By using phenylarsine oxide (PAO), an inhibitor of tyrosine phosphatases, the sensitivity to the inhibitory effect of ABA on seed ...
Kratz Felix - - 2005
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a serine protease that is overexpressed in prostate carcinoma and represents a molecular target for selectively releasing an anticancer agent from a prodrug formulation. In this work, we developed albumin-binding prodrugs with the structures MT-Ser-Ser-Tyr-Tyr- Ser-Gly-DOXO, MT-Asn-Ser-Ser-Tyr-Phe-Gln-DOXO (MT = maleimidotriethyleneglycol acid; DOXO = Doxorubicin) or EMC-Arg-Arg-Ser-Ser-Tyr-Tyr-Ser-Gly-DOXO ...
Kooli Fethi - - 2005
For the first time, the intercalation properties of acid-activated montmorillonites treated at different acid/clay (w/w) ratios with a cationic surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium (C16TMA) hydroxide are reported. The acid activation causes a reduction in the number of cation exchange sides and, hence improves the exfoliation of the silicate sheets at higher pH ...
Triantafyllou Asterios - - 2006
The fortuitous observation of salivary microliths in ferret was pursued in the present investigation. Major salivary glands obtained post-mortem from mature ferrets of either sex were examined with the use of histology and light microscopical histochemistry for calcium, protein, amino acids, mucosubstances and hydrolytic enzymes. Microliths were detected in most ...
Kuroda Hisao - - 2005
Previously, we reported that 2(E)-nonenal, having a low flavor threshold (0.1 ppb) and known as the major contributor to a cardboard flavor (stale flavor) in stored beer, is produced by lipoxygenase-1 and a newly found factor named 9-fatty acid hydroperoxide lyase-like (9-HPL-like) activity in malt. To assess the involvement of ...
de Duve Christian - - 2005
In the course of an investigation aimed at characterizing hepatic glucose 6-phosphatase, the unrelated acid phosphatase of rat liver was serendipitously observed to be latent and particle-bound in freshly prepared homogenates. Experiments designed to elucidate this intriguing finding led, 50 years ago, to the discovery of lysosomes. This could not ...
Groen Johan C - - 2005
The role of the concentration and the nature of aluminium in the creation of hierarchical porosity in both commercial and synthesized MFI zeolites have been investigated through controlled mesoporosity development by desilication in alkaline medium. Framework aluminium controls the process of framework silicon extraction and makes desilication selective towards intracrystalline ...
Dani M P - - 2005
Venom from the pupal endoparasitoid, Pimpla hypochondriaca has previously been shown to contain a mixture of biologically active molecules. Currently, P. hypochondriaca venom was examined for the presence of hydrolase activity. Six hydrolases were consistently detected using the API ZYM semiquantitative colourimetric kit. The main hydrolases detected were; acid phosphatase, ...
Fujita Ken-Ichi - - 2005
Polygodial was found to exhibit a fungicidal activity against a food spoilage yeast, Zygosaccharomyces bailii, with the minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) of 50 microg/mL (0.17 mM). The time-kill curve study showed that polygodial was fungicidal at any growth stage. The primary action of polygodial comes from its ability to disrupt ...
Wu Jun - - 2005
Butyric acid and sphingomyelin (SM) affect colonic tumorigenesis. We examined the potential link between butyrate stimulation and SM metabolism in colonic and hepatic cancer cell lines. After incubating HT29 and HepG2 cells with butyrate and other short-chain fatty acids, we found that butyrate increased acid but not neutral or alkaline ...
Bing Guoying - - 2006
Recently, we developed a novel fluorescent method named intrinsic fluorescence induction that allows direct visualization of neurofibrillary pathology without introducing exogenous chromogens. In the present study, we further characterized the properties of this novel red fluorescence biophysically, biochemically, and neuropathologically. In vitro spectrofluorometry and in situ emission scan show that ...
Uehori Junji - - 2005
6-O-acyl-muramyldipeptides (MDP) with various lengths of fatty acid chains were examined for their dendritic cell (DC) maturation activity expressed through TLRs. Judging from anti-TLR mAb/inhibitor-blocking analysis, MDP derivatives with a single octanoyl or stearoyl fatty acid chain were found to activate TLR2 and TLR4 on human DCs, although intact and ...
Ilić Nebojsa - - 2005
Indole-3-acetic acid is an indispensable hormone (auxin) in plants and an important metabolite in humans, animals, and microorganisms. Here we introduce its 5- and 6-(2-aminoethyl)-derivatives for use in the design of novel research tools, such as immobilized and carrier-linked forms of indole-3-acetic acid and its conjugates with biochemical tags or ...
Kim Young C - - 2005
Alterations in the hepatic metabolism of sulfur amino acids in experimental cholestasis induced by alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT) (100 mg/kg, po) were monitored in male mice for 1 week. We also examined the effects of betaine supplementation (1% in drinking water) for 2 weeks on the hepatotoxicity and changes in the sulfur ...
Ohne Yoichiro - - 2005
Insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) plays a pivotal role in insulin signal transduction. It has been shown that the amino acids modulate insulin signaling at the level of IRS-1. Here we show that an amino acid unbalanced diet causes a reduction in serine phosphorylation as well as an elevation in insulin-induced ...
Harada Tsuyoshi - - 2005
To understand the differences between the rat intestinal alkaline phosphatase isozymes rIAP-I and rIAP-II, we constructed structural models based on the previously determined crystal structure for human placental alkaline phosphatase (hPLAP). Our models of rIAP-I and rIAP-II displayed a typical alpha/beta topology, but the crown domain of rIAP-I contained an ...
Fialho Eliane - - 2005
Vitellin (VT) is a lipoglycophosphoprotein stored inside the eggs of every oviparous organism during oogenesis. In the blood-sucking bug Rhodnius prolixus, VT is deposited inside growing oocytes together with two acid hydrolases: acid phosphatase (AP) and cathepsin D (CD). Egg fertilization triggers AP activity and VT proteolysis in vivo [Insect ...
Singh Digvijay - - 2005
The latex of four plants viz. Euphorbia royleana, Jatropha gossypifolia (Euphorbiaceae), Nerium indicum and Thevetia peruviana (Apocynaceae) caused significant reduction in acid/alkaline phosphatase activity and anti-acetylcholinesterase activity in nervous tissue of freshwater air breathing fish Channa marulius. The reduction in the activity of both phosphatases and AChE were time as ...
Segurel Marie A - - 2005
The origin of dimethyl sulfide (DMS) produced during wine aging was examined through different assays. The production of DMS during the model aging of a wine and the concomitant decrease of residual potential DMS (PDMS), as DMS released by heat-alkaline treatment in 0.5 M sodium hydroxide at 100 degrees C ...
Fukushige Hirotada - - 2005
Fatty acid hydroperoxide lyase (HL) is the key enzyme for the production of the "green note"compounds, leaf aldehyde [(2E)-hexenal] and leaf alcohol [(3Z)-hexenol], in plant tissues. A cDNA encoding HL was cloned from leaves of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) and expressed in Nicotiana tabacum. The enzyme is 3 times more active ...
Nanatani Kei - - 2005
AspT is an electrogenic aspartate:alanine exchange protein that represents the vectorial component of a proton-motive metabolic cycle found in some strains of Tetragenococcus halophilus. AspT is the sole member of a new family, the Aspartate: Alanine Exchanger (AAE) family, in secondary transporters, according to the computational classification proposed by Saier ...
Sano Tomoharu - - 2005
Two leucine aminopeptidase M inhibitors, cyanostatin A and B, were isolated from cyanobacterial water blooms at Loch Rescobie in Scotland, and specifically from a Microcystis species. Both inhibitors were lipopeptides containing 3-amino-2-hydroxydecanoic acid and weak inhibitors of protein phosphatase (PP2A). Both strongly inhibited the activity of leucine aminopeptidase M with ...
Louzao M C - - 2005
Okadaic acid is the main toxin responsible for the natural phenomena known as diarrheic shellfish poisoning (DSP). This toxin is a tumor promoter C38 polyether fatty acid that contains acidic and hydrophobic moieties and is cyclic. Okadaic acid is a potent inhibitor of important classes of protein serine/threonine phosphatases such ...
Tsuboi Kazuhito - - 2005
Bioactive N-acylethanolamines, including anandamide (an endocannabinoid) and N-palmitoylethanolamine (an anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective substance), are hydrolyzed to fatty acids and ethanolamine by fatty acid amide hydrolase. Moreover, we found another amidohydrolase catalyzing the same reaction only at acidic pH, and we purified it from rat lung (Ueda, N., Yamanaka, K., and ...
Courty, P.E.
The year-round dynamics of laccase and acid phosphatase activities of ectomycorrhizas (EM) were monitored in an oak forest, using amicroplate photometric method using individual EM root tips. Among the most frequent and abundant EM morphotypes, those of Lactariusquietus and Cortinarius anomalus showed a peak of laccase activity in spring, while ...
Andrade-Rocha Fernando Tadeu - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether analysis of the physical properties of ejaculate also has any diagnostic potential for evaluating the function of these accessory sex glands. Diverse normal and abnormal states of coagulation, liquefaction, volume, viscosity and pH were studied with regard to the levels of ...
Vellodi A - - 2005
Several markers have been developed for the biochemical monitoring of Gaucher disease. Three of the most commonly used markers are acid phosphatase, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and chitotriosidase. The rationale for using all three concurrently is not clear. A retrospective study was therefore carried out on data collected from 28 paediatric ...
Palacios M C - - 2005
AIMS: To screen for phosphatase and phytase activities in Lactobacillus isolated from diverse ecosystems and to determine the biochemical properties and the factors that regulate the synthesis of the enzyme responsible for these activities in the selected strain, Lactobacillus pentosus CECT 4023. METHODS AND RESULTS: These activities were determined spectrophotometrically ...
Passantino L - - 2005
Fish (F) thrombocytes (THRs) from healthy trouts were studied in terms of cytoenzyme expression. FTHRs were positive to acid periodic of shiff (PAS) and acid phosphatase (ac. phos.) without tartaric acid (-TA) stainings, as well to alkaline phosphatase. However, when compared with autologous macrophages (M psi's), they were negative to ...
Takayama Kuni - - 2005
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is known to synthesize alpha-, methoxy-, and keto-mycolic acids. We propose a detailed pathway to the biosynthesis of all mycolic acids in M. tuberculosis. Fatty acid synthetase I provides C(20)-S-coenzyme A to the fatty acid synthetase II system (FAS-IIA). Modules of FAS-IIA and FAS-IIB introduce cis unsaturation at ...
Freeman Vincent L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: An effect of fatty acids has been implicated in men with advanced-stage prostate carcinoma and in men who have died of the disease. To evaluate the influence of fatty acids in men with prostate carcinoma at earlier stages, the authors examined the relation between prostatic concentrations of fatty acids ...
Singh Sunil Kumar - - 2005
The aqueous stem bark and leaf extracts of plant Euphorbia hirta (family-Euphorbiaceae) have potent molluscicidal activity. Sub-lethal doses (40% and 80% of LC50) of aqueous stem bark and leaf extracts of this plant also significantly (P<0.05) alter the levels of total protein, total free amino acid, nucleic acids (DNA and ...
Li Shaoying - - 2004
The present study examines the role of Pyk2 in acid regulation of sodium/hydrogen exchanger 3 (NHE3) activity in OKP cells, a kidney proximal tubule epithelial cell line. Incubation of OKP cells in acid media caused a transient increase in Pyk2 phosphorylation that peaked at 30 seconds and increased Pyk2/c-Src binding ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >