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Wang R - - 2008
Carnosic acid is a strong dietary antioxidant derived from rosemary. Here, we have demonstrated that carnosic acid decreased viability of the human promyelocytic leukaemia cell line, HL-60, in dose- and time-dependent manners, and induced G(1) arrest and apoptosis. Carnosic acid also augmented these effects when induced by a low (physiological) ...
Mushtaq Ahmad - - 2008
Many groups have reported the adsorption or retention of (99m)Tc-radiopharmaceuticals on injection vials and disposable plastic syringes. Such an enormously high loss of radioactivity would result in poor images, radiation exposure, waste, and economic burdens. We therefore decided to investigate the extent of adsorption or retention of several (99m)Tc-radiopharmaceuticals on ...
Chaidee Anchalee - - 2008
We investigated the response of extracellular phosphatase to heat shock in heterotrophic Chenopodium rubrum L. cell cultures. Surprisingly, in contrast to the generally used acid phosphatase, an extracellular alkaline phosphatase showed the most sensitive response. This phosphatase was characterized as a marker for cellular stimulation by its high correlations with ...
Oliveira Danielle M P - - 2008
In this work, we characterized the activities of two classes of proteases and AcP during early embryogenesis of Periplaneta americana. AcP activity was first detected at day 6 and reached a maximum level at day 10 of development. Using phosphoamino acids, phosphatase activity was shown to be directed only against ...
Zhu Jia-ying - - 2008
The present study describes cDNA cloning, sequencing, enzyme activity determination and localization, and mRNA expression of acid phosphatase in the venom apparatus of an endoparasitoid, Pteromalus puparum. This is the first report of cloning a venom acid phosphatase gene which has been described in parasitoid wasps. The cDNA consisted of ...
Song Ju-Ha - - 2008
Organic-inorganic hybridized nanofibers constituted of gelatin and siloxane were generated by the electrospinning technique for use as bone regeneration matrices. The composition of the nanofibers selected was to be both degradable and bioactive. Precursors of gelatin and siloxane were dissolved in a modified acidic solvent composed of acetic acid, ethyl ...
Yu Chuanfei - - 2008
Autophagy is an intracellular degradation/recycling process in eukaryotic cells. It contributes to the turnover of cellular components by delivering portions of the cytoplasm and organelles to lysosomes for digestion. The molecular mechanisms of autophagy and vesicle trafficking, especially the biogenesis and turnover of autophagosomes, are poorly understood. In this report, ...
Klijanienko Aleksandra - - 2008
Oak and birch were used as precursors to produce the activated carbons (ACs) with well-developed mesoporosity by phosphoric acid-promoted activation in a steam atmosphere. The effect of experimental variables such as the amount of activating agent, the soaking time and the type of wood on the development of porous structure ...
Imig John D - - 2008
The epoxygenase metabolite, 11, 12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (11, 12-EET), has renal vascular actions. 11, 12-EET analogs have been developed to determine the structure activity relationship for 11, 12-EET and as a tool to investigate signaling mechanisms responsible for afferent arteriolar dilation. We hypothesized that 11, 12-EET mediated afferent arteriolar dilation involves ...
Deb Prabal
<b>Background:</b> Cervical acid phosphatase-Papanicolaou (CAP-PAP) test has recently been described for detection of acid phosphatase enzyme in abnormal squamous cells, and has been proposed as a biomarker-based technology for the screening of cervical cancer. <b>Materials and Methods:</b> Eighty-one consecutive cervical smears were subjected to routine Papanicolaou (Pap) staining as well ...
Agnew Kathy J - - 2008
The presence of semen in vaginal fluid, as identified by an acid phosphatase spot test, does not influence vaginal proinflammatory cytokine concentrations. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether semen, as detected by acid phosphatase, influences vaginal cytokines or secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor concentrations. METHODs: 138 pregnant women had vaginal fluid collected for Gram ...
Cruz Patricia G - - 2008
Belizeanic acid (BA), a novel metabolite belonging to the okadaic acid class of protein phosphatase inhibitors, was isolated from artificial cultures of the dinoflagellate Prorocentrum belizeanum. The structure and conformational behaviour of BA was elucidated by a combination of NMR spectroscopy and conformational analysis. The isolation of this metabolite, which ...
Liu Zhengchang - - 2008
Cells of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae sense extracellular amino acids and activate expression of amino acid permeases through the SPS-sensing pathway, which consists of Ssy1, an amino acid sensor on the plasma membrane, and two downstream factors, Ptr3 and Ssy5. Upon activation of SPS signaling, two transcription factors, Stp1 ...
Andrade-Rocha Fernando Tadeu - - 2007
The percentage of exfoliated prostate cells (EPCs) in 139 semen specimens was determined. A receiver operating characteristic curve showed a cutoff of 17% for EPCs, and specimens were distributed into 4 groups: EPCs 17% or fewer without (group 1; n=44) and with (group 2; n=31) leukocytospermia and EPCs more than ...
Gulati Arvind - - 2008
Isolation and characterization of fluorescent pseudomonads with high phosphate-solubilizing ability is reported from the alkaline and calcium-rich soils with low P availability in the cold desert region of Lahaul and Spiti in the trans-Himalayas of India. Of 216 phosphate-solubilizing isolates, 12 exhibiting high solubilization of tricalcium phosphate (TCP) in NBRIP ...
Adams David R - - 2007
A new series of non-peptidic, mono-acid protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) inhibitors has been identified by structure-based design. Compounds with 2-(indol-3-yl)- and 2-phenyl-3,3,3-trifluoro-2-hydroxypropionic acid core units targeted at the enzyme's primary site and a hydrophobic chlorophenylthiazole extension in its 2 degrees site exhibit 3-60microM IC(50)s for PTP1B inhibition in an ...
Ruiz Yarimar - - 2008
ent-Kaurenic acid and many natural derivatives of this diterpene are known to have interesting biological properties. ent-15-Oxo-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid can be easily obtained from grandiflorolic acid which was first isolated from Espeletia grandiflora. The present work describes the proapoptotic effect of ent-15-oxo-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid on the human prostate carcinoma epithelial cell line ...
Reboreda Rosa - - 2008
Extracellular enzymatic activity (EEA) of five enzymes (peroxidase, phenol oxidase, beta-glucosidase, beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase and acid phosphatase) was analysed in sediments colonised by Spartina maritima in two salt marshes (Rosário and Pancas) of the Tagus estuary (Portugal) with different characteristics such as sediment parameters and metal contaminant levels. Our aim was a ...
Tsuboi Kazuhito - - 2007
Bioactive N-acylethanolamines, including the endocannabinoid anandamide and anti-inflammatory N-palmitoylethanolamine, are hydrolyzed to fatty acids and ethanolamine in animal tissues by the catalysis of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). We recently cloned cDNA of N-acylethanolamine-hydrolyzing acid amidase (NAAA), another enzyme catalyzing the same reaction, from human, rat, and mouse. NAAA reveals ...
Manzini Ivan - - 2007
The sensory input layer in the olfactory bulb (OB) is typically organized into spheroidal aggregates of dense neuropil called glomeruli. This characteristic compartmentalization of the synaptic neuropil is a typical feature of primary olfactory centres in vertebrates and most advanced invertebrates. In the present work we mapped the location of ...
Singh Jyoti - - 2007
The first QSAR study on the activation of the human secretory isoform of the metalloenzyme carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1), CA VI, with a series of amines and amino acids is reported. A large set of topological indices have been used to obtain several tri-/tetra-parametric models. We compared the CA ...
Cruz Patricia G - - 2007
A new protein phosphatase inhibitor, 19-epi-okadaic acid, was isolated from the marine dinoflagellate Prorocentrum belizeanum. Its structure and conformation in solution has been determined, and important differences were found when compared with the lead compound okadaic acid. The new metabolite showed nanomolar activities, and its selectivity for PP2A versus PP1 ...
Kalaitzakis Emmanouil - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fatty change of the liver (FCL) is very common in dairy cattle periparturiently. Many laboratory methods have been implicated in order to assist the diagnosis. HYPOTHESIS: To investigate whether FCL in dairy cattle could be evaluated by assessment of ornithine carbamoyl transferase (OCT) by means of an assay modified ...
Amudha Ganapathy - - 2007
The present study was designed to evaluate the possible beneficial effect of lipoic acid in preventing the renal damage induced by cyclosporine A in rats. Male albino rats of Wistar strain were divided into four groups and treated as follows. Two groups received cyclosporine A by oral gavage (25 mg/kg/body ...
Borba V Z C - - 2007
Zoledronic acid inhibits bone resorption for up to 12 months. It is not known whether the duration of this antiresorptive effect extends beyond this period of time. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in bone turnover at 12 months (T12) and 18 months (T18) after a ...
Tsukatani Tadayuki - - 2007
A new method to assay alkaline and acid phosphatases assay using ascorbic acid 2-phosphate (AsA-P) and ditetrazolium salt nitroblue tetrazolium chloride (NBT) was developed. AsA-P is hydrolyzed in the presence of phosphatase to yield ascorbic acid. In turn, the ascorbic acid reduces NBT directly or indirectly, opening the tetrazole ring ...
Shimomura Hirofumi - - 2007
The catabolic pathway for flavodoxin has yet to be clarified for any bacterial species. In this study, we found that the flavin mononucleotide in the flavodoxin of Helicobacter pylori is degraded to riboflavin via the phosphomonoesterase activity of class C acid phosphatase. The result is a conversion of holoflavodoxin to ...
Parker Sarah K - - 2007
We describe mycobacterial phospholipase A activity (MPLA) and, using reverse genetics, have associated this activity with putative mycobacterial cutinase. PLAs, which hydrolyze fatty acids on phospholipids, play a significant role in human inflammatory states and disease pathogenesis. In prokaryotes, the recognition of their role in virulence is more recent. Cutinases ...
Agrawal Pramod B - - 2007
A rational approach has been applied to design a new environmentally acceptable and industrially viable enzymatic scouring process. Owing to the substrate specificity, the selection of enzymes depends on the structure and composition of the substrate, i.e. cotton fibre. The structure and composition of the outer layers of cotton fibre ...
Kusuzaki Katsuyuki - - 2007
Acridine orange (AO) was extracted as a dye from coal tar over a hundred years ago. It has various unique biological activities and has been shown to be a useful fluorescent dye specific for DNA and RNA, a pH indicator, photosensitizer, antitumor and antimalarial drug, and detector of bacteria and ...
Escoffier Nicolas - - 2007
Chronic and subchronic toxicity following exposure to the DSP (Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning) toxin okadaic acid (OA) is receiving increasing attention as a public human health biohazard. However information on ecological impacts induced by proliferation of the OA producing dinoflagellate Prorocentrum is scarce. In order to analyse the toxicity of these ...
Chung Tun-Hui - - 2007
The mechanism by which 18beta-glycyrrhetinic acid regulates gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) remains poorly understood. In this study, treatment of cultured rat neonatal cardiomyocytes with 18beta-glycyrrhetinic acid resulted in dose-dependent inhibition of GJIC as assessed by fluorescent dye transfer analysis. 18beta-Glycyrrhetinic acid induced time-dependent serine/threonine dephosphorylation and redistribution of connexin43 ...
Kato Jun-ya - - 2007
A factor (2-isocapryloyl-3R-hydroxymethyl-gamma-butyrolactone) is a representative of the gamma-butyrolactone autoregulators that trigger secondary metabolism and morphogenesis in the Gram-positive, filamentous bacterial genus Streptomyces. Here, we report the A factor biosynthesis pathway in Streptomyces griseus. The monomeric AfsA, containing a tandem repeat domain of approximately 80 aa, catalyzed beta-ketoacyl transfer from ...
Chavan Vishwas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a major killer worldwide. Atherosclerosis, which is the basis of CHD, is believed to be an inflammatory disorder. Though various aspects of atherosclerosis are extensively studied, leukocytic hydrolytic enzymes are not studied very well with respect to CHD. AIM: This study was planned to ...
Aguirre-García María Magdalena - - 2007
Acid phosphatases are putative virulence factors in different pathogenic microorganisms. Acid phosphatases can also inhibit the respiratory burst of human neutrophils. In Cryptosporidium parvum, a protozoan parasitic, the study of enzymes is limited. In this paper, we report the presence of a membrane-bound acid phosphatase activity in C. parvum oocysts. ...
Anish Ramakrishnan - - 2007
Use of cellulase for denim washing is a standard eco-friendly technique to achieve desirable appearance and softness for cotton fabrics and denims. But enzymatic washing of denim till date involved acid cellulase (Trichoderma reesei) and neutral cellulase (Humicola isolens) the use of which has a drawback of backstaining of the ...
Freitas J S - - 2007
The present study was designed to identify nutrient-dependent changes in extracellular pH and acid phosphatase secretion in the biA1 palC4 mutant strain of Aspergillus nidulans. The palC4 mutant was selected as lacking alkaline phosphatase, but having substantially increased acid phosphatase activity when grown on solid minimal medium under phosphate starvation, ...
Anhê A C B - - 2007
Acid phosphatase activity (Gömori technique) in salivary gland cells was investigated in adult insects (males and females) of four species of triatomines: Triatoma infestans, Panstrongylus megistus, Rhodnius neglectus, and Rhodnius prolixus. Binucleated cells with bulky and polyploidy nuclei were detected, with acid phosphatase activity in the heterochromatin and nucleolus, which ...
Amzil Zouher - - 2007
In the context of the French Phytoplankton and Phycotoxins Monitoring Network (REPHY) programme, shellfish samples were harvested from different locations where harmful algae blooms were known to have occurred. For all shellfish samples found positive by the mouse bioassay for diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) toxins, liquid chromatography (LC) coupled with ...
Ocaña María - - 2007
The activation of specific subtypes of serine/threonine protein phosphatases (PPs) plays a role in the antinociceptive effect of acute morphine, but it is not known whether these enzymes are involved in morphine-induced antinociception in morphine-tolerant animals. We evaluated the effects of both okadaic acid (a selective inhibitor of some serine/threonine ...
Michetti Karina M - - 2006
Nonspecific acid phosphatases are a group of enzymes whose activity increases the availability of exogenous and endogenous orthophosphate either through extra- or intracellular hydrolysis of phosphate compounds. Our study demonstrates the activity of acid phosphatases in the filamentous freshwater alga Stigeoclonium tenue. These enzymes were detected following a cerium-based method ...
Sawaguchi Sayumi - - 2006
A new method for visualizing small and multiple phosvitins (Pvs) in oocytes from a marine teleost was developed by a combination of gel filtration, alkaline phosphatase treatment, and SDS-PAGE followed by silver staining. Three distinct Pv polypeptides having molecular masses of 15 kDa, 8 kDa, and 7 kDa were visualized ...
Lai Ying Ling - - 2006
The effect of cinnamic acid or its related compounds, which is present in many plants, on bone metabolism has not been clarified yet. The effect of cinnamic acid, p-hydroxycinnamic acid (HCA), ferulic acid, caffeic acid, or 3,4-dimethoxycinnamic acid (DCA) on bone calcium content in vitro was investigated. Rat femoral-diaphyseal (cortical ...
Veljanovski Vasko - - 2006
A vacuolar acid phosphatase (APase) that accumulates during phosphate (Pi) starvation of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) suspension cells was purified to homogeneity. The final preparation is a purple APase (PAP), as it exhibited a pink color in solution (A(max) = 520 nm). It exists as a 100-kD homodimer composed of 55-kD ...
van Herk Teunie - - 2006
A new enzymatic method for the generation of dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) using the acid phosphatase from Shigella flexneri (PhoN-Sf) and the cheap phosphate donor pyrophosphate (PPi) is described. The utility of this method was demonstrated in an aldolase-catalyzed condensation carried out in one pot in which DHAP was generated and ...
Mayilyan K R - - 2006
Mannan-binding lectin (MBL) circulates in plasma in complex with MBL-associated serine proteases (MASP) -1, -2 and -3 and a smaller component, MAp19. When MBL binds to the surface of foreign material (microorganisms), MASP-1, -2, -3 are activated. MASP-2 then activates the complement system. MASP-1 and -3 may activate other (unidentified) ...
Schröder Heinz C - - 2006
The role of okadaic acid (OA) in the defense system of the marine demosponge Suberites domuncula against symbiotic/parasitic annelids was examined. Bacteria within the mesohyl produced okadaic acid at concentrations between 32 ng/g and 58 ng/g of tissue (wet weight). By immunocytochemical methods and by use of antibodies against OA, ...
Yi Y-P - - 2006
Lysosomal destabilization is a critical event not only for the organelle but also for living cells. However, what factors can affect lysosomal stability is not fully studied. In this work, the effects of phosphatidic acid (PA) on the lysosomal integrity were investigated. Through the measurements of lysosomal beta-hexosaminidase free activity, ...
Chen Yakun - - 2006
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A3 (UGT1A3) contributes to glucuronidation of many important endogenous compounds and xenobiotics, including some flavonoids. Recently, a total of six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been identified in the human UGT1A3 gene. Among them, four SNPs (A17G, Q6R; T31C, W11R; C133T, R45W; and T140C, V47A) cause amino acid substitutions. ...
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