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Jenkins Russell W - - 2009
Acid sphingomyelinase occupies a prominent position in sphingolipid catabolism, catalyzing the hydrolysis of sphingomyelin to ceramide and phosphorylcholine. Enzymatic dysfunction of acid sphingomyelinase results in Niemann-Pick disease, a lysosomal storage disorder characterized at the cellular level by accumulation of sphingomyelin within the endo-lysosomal compartment. Over the past decade interest in ...
Cher Charmian - - 2010
Protein phosphatase 5 (PP5) is an important protein phosphatase that is abundantly expressed in the central nervous system. Recent studies showed that PP5 activity in the neocortex from patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is decreased significantly, suggesting that small molecule PP5 activator may have therapeutic potential for AD. We performed ...
Zimmermann Herbert - - 2009
Two recent papers reveal that the soluble and secreted prostatic acid phosphatase, an enzyme that has long served as a diagnostic marker for prostate cancer, has a membrane-bound splice variant. This enzyme exhibits ecto-5'-nucleotidase activity, is widely distributed, and implicated in the formation of chronic pain. While prostatic acid phosphatase ...
Goto Takahiro - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the clinical significance of acid phosphatase in giant cell tumour of bone. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum acid phosphatase levels were measured in 32 patients with this tumour both preoperatively and postoperatively. RESULTS: Serum acid phosphatase value before surgery was high in ...
Kato-Noguchi Hisashi - - 2009
Momilactone A and B have been found only in rice and the moss, Hypnum plumaeforme, although both plants are taxonomically quite distinct. The endogenous concentrations of momilactone A and B in H. plumaeforme were 58.7 and 24.3 microg/g dry weight, respectively. UV-irradiation increased the concentrations of momilactone A and B. ...
Allam J-P - - 2009
Increased numbers of mast cells (MCs) in the testis have been associated with testicular dysfunction, where accumulation of MCs occurs. Furthermore, it has been reported that MCs might affect sperm function as it has been demonstrated that MC-derived tryptase in the seminal fluid might reduce sperm motility. Although MCs have ...
Kumar Pradeep - - 2009
Ferulic acid, umbelliferone (Ferula asafoetida), eugenol (Syzygium aromaticum) and limonene (Carum carvi) are active molluscicidal components that inhibited the activity of alkaline phosphatase and acetylcholinesterase in in vivo and in vitro exposure of Lymnaea acuminata. It was observed that ferulic acid, umbelliferone and eugenol are competitive and limonene is a ...
Jenkins Russell W - - 2009
Acid sphingomyelinase occupies a prominent position in sphingolipid catabolism, catalyzing the hydrolysis of sphingomyelin to ceramide and phosphorylcholine. Enzymatic dysfunction of acid sphingomyelinase results in Niemann-Pick disease, a lysosomal storage disorder characterized at the cellular level by accumulation of sphingomyelin within the endo-lysosomal compartment. Over the past decade interest in ...
Hong Myoung-Ki - - 2009
Nudix hydrolases are a family of proteins that contains the Nudix signature of the characteristic amino-acid sequence Gx(5)Ex(5) [UA]xREx(2)EExGU, where x represents any amino acid and U usually a bulky hydrophobic amino acid, such as Leu, Val, or Ile. They ubiquitously exist in more than 200 species. YmfB, a novel ...
Georgieva Dessislava - - 2009
The acid phosphatase Api m 3 is the major allergen of the honeybee venom. Except for the amino acid sequence, no other structural information for the enzyme is available. We applied homology modeling to assign the three-dimensional structure of Api m 3. The structure of the homodimeric human prostatic acid ...
Stepanov Alexander G - - 2008
Herein, we analyze earlier obtained and new data about peculiarities of the H/D hydrogen exchange of small C(1)-n-C(4) alkanes on Zn-modified high-silica zeolites ZSM-5 and BEA in comparison with the exchange for corresponding purely acidic forms of these zeolites. This allows us to identify an evident promoting effect of Zn ...
Saito Youhei - - 2009
Hsp105alpha and Hsp105beta are mammalian stress proteins of the Hsp105/110 family. We have shown that Hsp105beta localizes to the nucleus, whereas Hsp105alpha localizes to the cytoplasm of mammalian cells. Hsp105alpha localizes in the cytoplasm, as the nuclear export signal (NES) activity rather than nuclear localization signal (NLS) activity dominates in ...
McGeary Ross P - - 2009
Purple acid phosphatases (PAPs) are binuclear hydrolases that catalyse the hydrolysis of a range of phosphorylated substrates. Human PAP is a major histochemical marker for the diagnosis of osteoporosis. In patients suffering from this disorder, PAP activity contributes to increased bone resorption and, therefore, human PAP is a key target ...
Ahn Kook-Hee - - 2009
1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+)) has been shown to selectively inhibit mitochondrial function and induce a parkinsonism-like syndrome. MPP(+) stimulates the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and induces cell death in vitro. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of okadaic acid on MPP(+)-induced cell death in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. ...
Hamazaki Tomohito - - 2009
In cases of essential fatty acid deficiency, 5,8,11-eicosatrienoic acid (Mead acid, 20:3n-9) is synthesized from oleic acid as a 20-carbon analog of arachidonic acid. It was reported that 20:3n-9 levels were markedly higher in human fetal cartilage than in the muscle, liver and spleen. We, therefore, hypothesized that 20:3n-9 decreased ...
Rossignoli Araceli E - - 2008
The distribution of okadaic acid between the digestive and the secretory cells of the digestive gland of Mytilus galloprovincialis was studied for the main purpose of determining if they might be responsible for the two-compartment depuration kinetics found in previous studies. The two cell types did not accumulate okadaic acid ...
Lee Su-Ui - - 2008
In the field of osteoporosis, there has been growing interest in anabolic agents that enhance bone mass and improve bone architecture. In this study, we demonstrated that the ubiquitous plant triterpenoid, ursolic acid, enhances differentiation and mineralization of osteoblasts in vitro. We found that ursolic acid induced the expression of ...
Krieglstein Josef - - 2008
In previous work we have demonstrated that protein phosphatase type 2C (PP2C) alpha and beta can be activated by mono-unsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) leading to apoptosis of cultured endothelial cells. In the present paper we could show that saturated fatty acids (SFAs) did not activate PP2C and did not cause ...
Beassoni Paola R - - 2008
Phosphorylcholine phosphatase (PchP) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a product of the PA5292 gene, catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphocholine to choline and inorganic phosphate (Pi). Phosphocholine is produced after hemolytic phospholipase C (PlcH) acts upon phosphatidylcholine or sphingomyelin. Therefore, PlcH and PchP are involved in the pathogenesis of P. aeruginosa. PchP belongs ...
Pramanik P - - 2009
In this experiment, three microbial strains were inoculated in two different organic wastes to study their effect on the humic acids content, acid phosphatase activity and microbial properties of the final stabilized products. Pyrophosphate extract of vermicomposts were analyzed through polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to study the nature of a isozymes ...
Jung Yu-Sun - - 2008
Immunomodulating activities of water-soluble exopolysaccharides (LL-EX) obtained from submerged mycelial culture of Lentinus lepideus were studied and their effectiveness was compared with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The influence of the LL-EX on macrophage cellular lysosomal enzyme activity was to stimulate up to 267%, 392%, and 464% at the level of 10, 50, ...
Oliveira Kívia A P - - 2008
In the present study we analyzed the mechanisms of simvastatin toxicity for the PC3 human prostate cancer cell line. At 10 microM, simvastatin induced principally apoptosis, which was prevented by mevalonic acid but not by cyclosporin A, the inhibitor of calcineurin and mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT). At 60 microM, simvastatin ...
Gimeno Ruth E - - 2008
Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferases (GPATs; EC2.3.1.15) catalyze the first step in the de novo synthesis of neutral lipids (triglycerides) and glycerophospholipids. The existence of multiple enzyme isoforms with GPAT activity was predicted many years ago when GPAT activities with distinct kinetic profiles and sensitivity to inhibitors were characterized in two subcellular compartments, ...
Yeang Calvin - - 2008
Sphingomyelin synthase (SMS) sits at the crossroads of sphingomyelin (SM), ceramide, diacylglycerol (DAG) metabolism. It utilizes ceramide and phosphatidylcholine as substrates to produce SM and DAG, thereby regulating lipid messengers which play a role in cell survival and apoptosis. There are two isoforms of the enzyme, SMS1 and SMS2. Both ...
Ullah Abul H J - - 2008
Fungal phytases belonging to "histidine acid phosphatase" or HAP class of phosphohydrolases that catalyze the hydrolysis of phytic acid could also hydrolyze O-phospho-L-tyrosine, which is also called phosphotyrosine. Two phytases from Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus awamori with pH optima 2.5 were tested for phosphotyrosine hydrolase activity; both enzymes cleaved the ...
Vovk Andriy I - - 2008
The inhibition effects of enantiomerically pure alpha-(N-benzylamino)benzylphosphonic acids and their derivatives on human prostatic acid phosphatase have been investigated. As expected, (R)-alpha-(N-benzylamino)benzylphosphonic acid demonstrated higher affinity for the enzyme than (S)-enantiomer. At the same time, (1R,2S)-phenyl[(1-phenylethyl)amino]methylphosphonic acid was found to be a significantly weaker inhibitor than its (1S,2R)-analogue. The enantioselectivity ...
Wang R - - 2008
Carnosic acid is a strong dietary antioxidant derived from rosemary. Here, we have demonstrated that carnosic acid decreased viability of the human promyelocytic leukaemia cell line, HL-60, in dose- and time-dependent manners, and induced G(1) arrest and apoptosis. Carnosic acid also augmented these effects when induced by a low (physiological) ...
Mushtaq Ahmad - - 2008
Many groups have reported the adsorption or retention of (99m)Tc-radiopharmaceuticals on injection vials and disposable plastic syringes. Such an enormously high loss of radioactivity would result in poor images, radiation exposure, waste, and economic burdens. We therefore decided to investigate the extent of adsorption or retention of several (99m)Tc-radiopharmaceuticals on ...
Chaidee Anchalee - - 2008
We investigated the response of extracellular phosphatase to heat shock in heterotrophic Chenopodium rubrum L. cell cultures. Surprisingly, in contrast to the generally used acid phosphatase, an extracellular alkaline phosphatase showed the most sensitive response. This phosphatase was characterized as a marker for cellular stimulation by its high correlations with ...
Oliveira Danielle M P - - 2008
In this work, we characterized the activities of two classes of proteases and AcP during early embryogenesis of Periplaneta americana. AcP activity was first detected at day 6 and reached a maximum level at day 10 of development. Using phosphoamino acids, phosphatase activity was shown to be directed only against ...
Zhu Jia-ying - - 2008
The present study describes cDNA cloning, sequencing, enzyme activity determination and localization, and mRNA expression of acid phosphatase in the venom apparatus of an endoparasitoid, Pteromalus puparum. This is the first report of cloning a venom acid phosphatase gene which has been described in parasitoid wasps. The cDNA consisted of ...
Song Ju-Ha - - 2008
Organic-inorganic hybridized nanofibers constituted of gelatin and siloxane were generated by the electrospinning technique for use as bone regeneration matrices. The composition of the nanofibers selected was to be both degradable and bioactive. Precursors of gelatin and siloxane were dissolved in a modified acidic solvent composed of acetic acid, ethyl ...
Yu Chuanfei - - 2008
Autophagy is an intracellular degradation/recycling process in eukaryotic cells. It contributes to the turnover of cellular components by delivering portions of the cytoplasm and organelles to lysosomes for digestion. The molecular mechanisms of autophagy and vesicle trafficking, especially the biogenesis and turnover of autophagosomes, are poorly understood. In this report, ...
Klijanienko Aleksandra - - 2008
Oak and birch were used as precursors to produce the activated carbons (ACs) with well-developed mesoporosity by phosphoric acid-promoted activation in a steam atmosphere. The effect of experimental variables such as the amount of activating agent, the soaking time and the type of wood on the development of porous structure ...
Imig John D JD Vascular Biology Center, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA 30912, USA. - - 2008
The epoxygenase metabolite, 11, 12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (11, 12-EET), has renal vascular actions. 11, 12-EET analogs have been developed to determine the structure activity relationship for 11, 12-EET and as a tool to investigate signaling mechanisms responsible for afferent arteriolar dilation. We hypothesized that 11, 12-EET mediated afferent arteriolar dilation involves ...
Deb Prabal
<b>Background:</b> Cervical acid phosphatase-Papanicolaou (CAP-PAP) test has recently been described for detection of acid phosphatase enzyme in abnormal squamous cells, and has been proposed as a biomarker-based technology for the screening of cervical cancer. <b>Materials and Methods:</b> Eighty-one consecutive cervical smears were subjected to routine Papanicolaou (Pap) staining as well ...
Cruz Patricia G - - 2008
Belizeanic acid (BA), a novel metabolite belonging to the okadaic acid class of protein phosphatase inhibitors, was isolated from artificial cultures of the dinoflagellate Prorocentrum belizeanum. The structure and conformational behaviour of BA was elucidated by a combination of NMR spectroscopy and conformational analysis. The isolation of this metabolite, which ...
Agnew Kathy J KJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Box 356460, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2008
The presence of semen in vaginal fluid, as identified by an acid phosphatase spot test, does not influence vaginal proinflammatory cytokine concentrations. Determine whether semen, as detected by acid phosphatase, influences vaginal cytokines or secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor concentrations. 138 pregnant women had vaginal fluid collected for Gram stain, acid ...
Liu Zhengchang - - 2008
Cells of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae sense extracellular amino acids and activate expression of amino acid permeases through the SPS-sensing pathway, which consists of Ssy1, an amino acid sensor on the plasma membrane, and two downstream factors, Ptr3 and Ssy5. Upon activation of SPS signaling, two transcription factors, Stp1 ...
Andrade-Rocha Fernando Tadeu - - 2007
The percentage of exfoliated prostate cells (EPCs) in 139 semen specimens was determined. A receiver operating characteristic curve showed a cutoff of 17% for EPCs, and specimens were distributed into 4 groups: EPCs 17% or fewer without (group 1; n=44) and with (group 2; n=31) leukocytospermia and EPCs more than ...
Gulati Arvind - - 2008
Isolation and characterization of fluorescent pseudomonads with high phosphate-solubilizing ability is reported from the alkaline and calcium-rich soils with low P availability in the cold desert region of Lahaul and Spiti in the trans-Himalayas of India. Of 216 phosphate-solubilizing isolates, 12 exhibiting high solubilization of tricalcium phosphate (TCP) in NBRIP ...
Adams David R - - 2007
A new series of non-peptidic, mono-acid protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) inhibitors has been identified by structure-based design. Compounds with 2-(indol-3-yl)- and 2-phenyl-3,3,3-trifluoro-2-hydroxypropionic acid core units targeted at the enzyme's primary site and a hydrophobic chlorophenylthiazole extension in its 2 degrees site exhibit 3-60microM IC(50)s for PTP1B inhibition in an ...
Ruiz Yarimar - - 2008
ent-Kaurenic acid and many natural derivatives of this diterpene are known to have interesting biological properties. ent-15-Oxo-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid can be easily obtained from grandiflorolic acid which was first isolated from Espeletia grandiflora. The present work describes the proapoptotic effect of ent-15-oxo-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid on the human prostate carcinoma epithelial cell line ...
Reboreda Rosa - - 2008
Extracellular enzymatic activity (EEA) of five enzymes (peroxidase, phenol oxidase, beta-glucosidase, beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase and acid phosphatase) was analysed in sediments colonised by Spartina maritima in two salt marshes (Rosário and Pancas) of the Tagus estuary (Portugal) with different characteristics such as sediment parameters and metal contaminant levels. Our aim was a ...
Tsuboi Kazuhito - - 2007
Bioactive N-acylethanolamines, including the endocannabinoid anandamide and anti-inflammatory N-palmitoylethanolamine, are hydrolyzed to fatty acids and ethanolamine in animal tissues by the catalysis of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). We recently cloned cDNA of N-acylethanolamine-hydrolyzing acid amidase (NAAA), another enzyme catalyzing the same reaction, from human, rat, and mouse. NAAA reveals ...
Manzini Ivan - - 2007
The sensory input layer in the olfactory bulb (OB) is typically organized into spheroidal aggregates of dense neuropil called glomeruli. This characteristic compartmentalization of the synaptic neuropil is a typical feature of primary olfactory centres in vertebrates and most advanced invertebrates. In the present work we mapped the location of ...
Singh Jyoti - - 2007
The first QSAR study on the activation of the human secretory isoform of the metalloenzyme carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1), CA VI, with a series of amines and amino acids is reported. A large set of topological indices have been used to obtain several tri-/tetra-parametric models. We compared the CA ...
Cruz Patricia G - - 2007
A new protein phosphatase inhibitor, 19-epi-okadaic acid, was isolated from the marine dinoflagellate Prorocentrum belizeanum. Its structure and conformation in solution has been determined, and important differences were found when compared with the lead compound okadaic acid. The new metabolite showed nanomolar activities, and its selectivity for PP2A versus PP1 ...
Kalaitzakis Emmanouil - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fatty change of the liver (FCL) is very common in dairy cattle periparturiently. Many laboratory methods have been implicated in order to assist the diagnosis. HYPOTHESIS: To investigate whether FCL in dairy cattle could be evaluated by assessment of ornithine carbamoyl transferase (OCT) by means of an assay modified ...
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